CN107821101A - Special seedling raising ground substance of the seedlings machine transplanting of rice and its preparation method and application in a kind of indica Hybrid Rice - Google Patents

Special seedling raising ground substance of the seedlings machine transplanting of rice and its preparation method and application in a kind of indica Hybrid Rice Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107821101A
CN107821101A CN201711344029.1A CN201711344029A CN107821101A CN 107821101 A CN107821101 A CN 107821101A CN 201711344029 A CN201711344029 A CN 201711344029A CN 107821101 A CN107821101 A CN 107821101A
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China
Prior art keywords
rice
major ingredient
seedling
weight ratio
bacteria residue
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CN201711344029.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
任万军
胡慧
蒲石林
陶有凤
李武
陈勇
李书先
廖爽
邓飞
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Sichuan Agricultural University
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Sichuan Agricultural University
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Priority to CN201711344029.1A priority Critical patent/CN107821101A/en
Publication of CN107821101A publication Critical patent/CN107821101A/en
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    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B1/00Superphosphates, i.e. fertilisers produced by reacting rock or bone phosphates with sulfuric or phosphoric acid in such amounts and concentrations as to yield solid products directly
    • C05B1/02Superphosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity

Abstract

The present invention relates to Rice Cropping technical field, specifically in a kind of indica Hybrid Rice the seedlings machine transplanting of rice special seedling raising ground substance preparation method and applications, including major ingredient and auxiliary material, major ingredient include decomposed bacteria residue 90% and dry fine earth 10%;Auxiliary material includes urea, calcium superphosphate, uniconazole P, carbendazim and fenaminosulf, and major ingredient is 2000 with weight of urea ratio:3, major ingredient is 400 with calcium superphosphate weight ratio:3rd, major ingredient and uniconazole P weight ratio are 4 × 106:3, major ingredient is 4000 with carbendazim weight ratio:1, major ingredient is 4000 with fenaminosulf weight ratio:1.The rice seedling raising ground substance of the present invention utilizes the decomposed technology of biology, Organic Ingredients is decomposed by high temperature, play a part of sterilizing, add the sterilizings such as carbendazim, fenaminosulf again after decomposed, the damping-off of rice shoot can be effectively reduced in seedling, the seedling age elasticity of rice shoot can be improved by adding uniconazole P.

Description

In a kind of indica Hybrid Rice special seedling raising ground substance of the seedlings machine transplanting of rice and preparation method thereof and Using
Technical field
The present invention relates to Rice Cropping technical field, specifically in a kind of indica Hybrid Rice the seedlings machine transplanting of rice special seedling Matrix formulation procedure and its application.
Background technology
Rice is one of China's Three major grain crops, and cultivated area is in 0.28~0.30 hundred million hm2Left and right, rice yield are being protected Very important effect is played in terms of barrier grain security.In recent years, mechanization has applied to the links of Rice Production, machine Tool farming, rice transplanting and harvesting are got up in national fast development.But rice mechanization plantation is for farming and harvesting It is still the weak link of comparison, reason is mainly still that seedling-cultivation technique does not agree with mechanized planting technological perfectionism.Educate Seedling technology is the important supporting technology of transplanting, a most important factor-seedling medium in seedling-cultivation technique.
At present now, what most of raising rice seedlings used is still Nutrition Soil seedling, and Nutrition Soil is mostly that planting household is made by oneself, nutrition Soil prepares that cumbersome, labor intensity is big, does not meet the requirement of factorial praluction, and industrialization difficult to realize, this makes to a certain extent The about development of transplanting.And the research and patent on light-duty seedling raising ground substance are less, and be made into using bacteria residue as primary raw material Seedling raising ground substance yet there are no announcement, and some current existing seedling raising ground substance products mainly utilize peat, coconut palm chaff, sawdust, rice husk, grass The primary raw materials such as charcoal, add the auxiliary materials such as certain water-loss reducer and binding agent and be prepared, as patent CN107032909A is disclosed A kind of rice seedling raising ground substance and preparation method thereof, the percentage by weight of constitutive material are:Feces of livestock and poultry 30%-35%, crops Stalk 10%-15%, cake of camellia oleifera seeds 5%-10%, chaff shell 4%-6%, processing of farm products dead meal 10%-15%, organic fertilizer are rotten Ripe dose of 0.02%-0.1%, vermiculite 5%-6%, dry fine earth 10%-15%, conditioning agent 0.4%-0.6%;But still suffer from process to answer Miscellaneous, cost is high, and raw material obtains difficult, and quality is unstable, the problems such as poor water retention property.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of special seedling raising ground substance preparation method of the seedlings machine transplanting of rice in indica Hybrid Rice and its answer With.
To achieve the above object, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is:The special of the seedlings machine transplanting of rice educates in a kind of indica Hybrid Rice Seedling matrix, including major ingredient and auxiliary material, the major ingredient include decomposed bacteria residue 90% and dry fine earth 10%;The auxiliary material include urea, Calcium superphosphate, uniconazole P, carbendazim and fenaminosulf, the major ingredient are 2000 with weight of urea ratio:3, the major ingredient and peroxophosphoric acid Calcium weight ratio is 400:3rd, major ingredient and uniconazole P the weight ratio is 4 × 106:3, the major ingredient is with carbendazim weight ratio 4000:1, the major ingredient is 4000 with fenaminosulf weight ratio:1.
The second object of the present invention is to provide a kind of special seedling raising ground substance preparation method of the seedlings machine transplanting of rice in indica Hybrid Rice, step Suddenly include:
(1) bacteria residue pre-treatment:Hard impurity is removed, the moisture control of control bacteria residue is in 35-45%;
(2) ferment:It is 80 by bacteria residue, humic acid, zymophyte weight ratio:19:1 is fermented three's mixing, fermentation temperature Degree reaches 58-63 DEG C of progress turning fermentation, carries out crushing sub-sieve after turning 4 times, then pile fermentation, a diameter of 1.5- of heap body 2.5m, highly it is 1.8-2.2m, until temperature no longer changes, then completion is fermented;
(3) mix:By the bacteria residue fermented and dry fine earth by weight 90%:10% mixing;
(4) auxiliary material is added:Urea, calcium superphosphate, uniconazole P, carbendazim, fenaminosulf mixing are added by weight percentage, it is complete Prepared into rice matrix.
Further, in step (1), the bacteria residue is needle mushroom dreg.
The present invention also provides a kind of application of seedling raising ground substance in indica Hybrid Rice in seedlings machine transplanting of rice seedling.
The method have the benefit that:The rice seedling raising ground substance of the present invention is using the decomposed technology of biology, by organic original Material is decomposed by high temperature, plays a part of sterilizing, adds the sterilizings such as carbendazim, fenaminosulf again after decomposed, The damping-off of rice shoot can be effectively reduced during seedling, the seedling age elasticity of rice shoot can be improved by adding uniconazole P.From bacteria residue conduct Primary raw material, one can realize that agricultural wastes recycle, and reduce environmental pollution;Second, raw material is stable, production line is easily established, Large-scale production is formed, brings economic benefit.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, Obviously, described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based in the present invention Embodiment, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, all Belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment 1
The special seedling raising ground substance of the seedlings machine transplanting of rice in a kind of indica Hybrid Rice, including major ingredient and auxiliary material, major ingredient include decomposed bacteria residue 90% and dry fine earth 10%;
Auxiliary material includes urea, calcium superphosphate, uniconazole P, carbendazim and fenaminosulf, and the major ingredient is with weight of urea ratio 2000:3, major ingredient is 400 with calcium superphosphate weight ratio:3rd, major ingredient and uniconazole P the weight ratio is 4 × 106:3, the major ingredient It is 4000 with carbendazim weight ratio:1, the major ingredient is 4000 with fenaminosulf weight ratio:1.
The special seedling raising ground substance preparation method of the seedlings machine transplanting of rice, step include in a kind of indica Hybrid Rice:
(1) bacteria residue pre-treatment:Hard impurity is removed, the moisture control of control bacteria residue is in 35-45%;
(2) ferment:It is 80 by bacteria residue, humic acid, zymophyte weight ratio:19:1 is fermented three's mixing, fermentation temperature Degree reaches 58-63 DEG C of progress turning fermentation, carries out crushing sub-sieve after turning 4 times, then pile fermentation, a diameter of 1.5- of heap body 2.5m, highly it is 1.8-2.2m, until temperature no longer changes, then completion is fermented;
(3) mix:By the bacteria residue fermented and dry fine earth by weight 90%:10% mixing;
(5) auxiliary material is added:Urea, calcium superphosphate, uniconazole P, carbendazim, fenaminosulf mixing are added by weight percentage, than Under such as:Bacteria residue fine earth mixture:Urea=2000:3, bacteria residue fine earth mixture:Calcium superphosphate=400:3, bacteria residue fine earth mixes Compound:Uniconazole P (scale)=4 × 106:3, bacteria residue fine earth mixture:Fenaminosulf=4000:1, bacteria residue fine earth mixture:More bacterium Spirit=4000:1, complete rice matrix and prepare.
Embodiment 2
A kind of rice matrix seedling cultivation method, including:
(1) matrix that the present invention coordinates, has invented middle seedlings rice shoot wet oxygen breeding method, middle seedlings rice shoot wet oxygen cultivation side Method, which can effectively improve, plants quality (such as table 2), and can increase rice shoot seedling age elasticity (table 1).
Matrix method of raising seedling step is as follows:
Step 1:Fertile smooth rice seedling bed is selected, does moisturizing seedling railway carriage or compartment, railway carriage or compartment face width 1.1-1.4 rice, and is ditched in surrounding, Facilitate row irrigation;
Step 2:Sowing the previous day starts to soak seed, and soaks seed more than 12 hours, then dries to the loose adhesion of seed-grain;
Step 3:Kind of a link is laid, sows and covers using matrix is completed on Full-automatic rice seedling planting streamline;
Step 4:The seedling disk sowed is placed on ready moisturizing seedling railway carriage or compartment;
Step 5:Water and fertilizer management during seedling, soaks railway carriage or compartment face with water tariff collection before budding, contact seedling is tried to get to the heart of a matter face, makes matrix It can both keep moistening, be rich in oxygen again.After seedling growth to the heart of 1 leaf 1, railway carriage or compartment face alternation of wetting and drying, matrix oxygen content is improved, increased Strong seedling growth vigor, reaches hardening purpose, whole seeding stage does not apply fertilizer.
The 1 different length of time rice seedlings grow of table and influence of the seedling raising method to the seedling quality of formulation media seedling
The 2 different length of time rice seedlings grow of table and the influence of planting quality of the seedling raising method to formulation media
Implementation result:Seedling raising ground substance (formulation media) of the present invention and conventional nutraceutical soil are (compareing 2) and welcome on the market Rice dedicated substrate (control 1) seedling compare, the plant height of formulation media processing, leaf age, plant greenery number, white root, stem foot be wide, Leaf area per plant is significantly higher than control 1 and control 2, and formulation media seedling can more promote seedling growth, can effectively shorten The seedling time.3 are being handled with the measure of the chlorophyll and root activity that bring out rice shoot in addition, is finding formulation media processing leaf Green plain a, chlorophyll b, chlorophyll total amount, root activity all higher than control 1 and control 2, illustrate that matrix seedling of the present invention can increase The photosynthetic capacity and root system mobility of strong rice shoot.The size of packing knot power is closely bound up with planting quality, as known from Table 3, matches somebody with somebody The packing knot power of square matrix treatments is maximum in 3 processing, and leakage cultivation rate, floating seedling rate and damaged seedling rate are substantially less than commodity matrix, and Nutrition Soil is compared, and damaged seedling rate and floating seedling rate are suitable, and leakage cultivation rate is substantially less than Nutrition Soil.
In summary, the seedling effect of seedling raising ground substance of the invention is better than the seedling of conventional nutraceutical soil and commodity matrix is educated Seedling.
The seedling quality of table 3 contrasts
The chlorophyll of table 4 and root activity contrast
Table 5 plants quality versus
It should be noted last that:Above example is only to illustrative and not limiting technical scheme, although ginseng The present invention is described in detail according to above-described embodiment, it will be apparent to an ordinarily skilled person in the art that:Still can be to this Invention is modified or equivalent substitution, and any modification or partial replacement without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, its is equal It should cover among scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (4)

  1. A kind of 1. special seedling raising ground substance of the seedlings machine transplanting of rice in indica Hybrid Rice, it is characterised in that including major ingredient and auxiliary material, the major ingredient Including decomposed bacteria residue 90% and dry fine earth 10%;The auxiliary material includes urea, calcium superphosphate, uniconazole P, carbendazim and fenaminosulf, The major ingredient is 2000 with weight of urea ratio:3, the major ingredient is 400 with calcium superphosphate weight ratio:3rd, the major ingredient and uniconazole P Weight ratio is 4 × 106:3, the major ingredient is 4000 with carbendazim weight ratio:1, the major ingredient is 4000 with fenaminosulf weight ratio: 1。
  2. 2. the preparation method of seedling raising ground substance according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step includes:
    (1) bacteria residue pre-treatment:Hard impurity is removed, the moisture control of control bacteria residue is in 35-45%;
    (2) ferment:It is 80 by bacteria residue, humic acid, zymophyte weight ratio:19:1 is fermented three's mixing, and fermentation temperature reaches To 58-63 DEG C of progress turning fermentation, crushing sub-sieve is carried out after turning 4 times, then pile fermentation, a diameter of 1.5-2.5m of heap body, Highly it is 1.8-2.2m, until temperature no longer changes, then completion is fermented;
    (3) mix:By the bacteria residue fermented and dry fine earth by weight 90%:10% mixing;
    (4) auxiliary material is added:Urea, calcium superphosphate, uniconazole P, carbendazim, fenaminosulf mixing are added by weight percentage, complete water It is prepared by rice matrix.
  3. 3. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (1), the bacteria residue is needle mushroom dreg.
  4. 4. application of the seedling raising ground substance in indica Hybrid Rice in seedlings machine transplanting of rice seedling according to claim 1.
CN201711344029.1A 2017-12-15 2017-12-15 Special seedling raising ground substance of the seedlings machine transplanting of rice and its preparation method and application in a kind of indica Hybrid Rice Pending CN107821101A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111034500A (en) * 2020-02-28 2020-04-21 扬州大学 Matrix type seedling tray for cultivating strong seedlings of machine-transplanted rice and manufacturing method thereof

Citations (4)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102503652A (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-06-20 镇江培蕾基质科技发展有限公司 Preparation method of organic compound soil for rice seedling raising
CN102503613A (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-06-20 无锡市绿农食用菌有限公司 Method for producing rice seedling raising substrate by using edible fungus waste and enzyme residues
CN105272408A (en) * 2014-06-11 2016-01-27 江苏沃野生物科技发展有限公司 Rice seedling-raising matrix rapid cultivation technology, rapid fermentation inoculums and decomposing microbial inoculums
CN105272405A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-27 张乾龙 Biological seedling raising matrix for rice

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CN102503652A (en) * 2011-09-27 2012-06-20 镇江培蕾基质科技发展有限公司 Preparation method of organic compound soil for rice seedling raising
CN102503613A (en) * 2011-11-01 2012-06-20 无锡市绿农食用菌有限公司 Method for producing rice seedling raising substrate by using edible fungus waste and enzyme residues
CN105272408A (en) * 2014-06-11 2016-01-27 江苏沃野生物科技发展有限公司 Rice seedling-raising matrix rapid cultivation technology, rapid fermentation inoculums and decomposing microbial inoculums
CN105272405A (en) * 2015-10-21 2016-01-27 张乾龙 Biological seedling raising matrix for rice

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徐红; 马卉,殷育峰,刘学进,孙永中: "机插稻育秧基质对秧苗素质及产量影响研究", 《安徽农学通报》 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111034500A (en) * 2020-02-28 2020-04-21 扬州大学 Matrix type seedling tray for cultivating strong seedlings of machine-transplanted rice and manufacturing method thereof

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