CN107812962A - A kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device - Google Patents

A kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107812962A
CN107812962A CN201711166970.9A CN201711166970A CN107812962A CN 107812962 A CN107812962 A CN 107812962A CN 201711166970 A CN201711166970 A CN 201711166970A CN 107812962 A CN107812962 A CN 107812962A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
annular
spray formula
pedestal
cooling
nozzle holder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711166970.9A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
方辉
陈健
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Huangshi Best Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Huangshi Best Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Huangshi Best Intelligent Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Huangshi Best Intelligent Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711166970.9A priority Critical patent/CN107812962A/en
Publication of CN107812962A publication Critical patent/CN107812962A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/70Stationary or movable members for carrying working-spindles for attachment of tools or work
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/0042Devices for removing chips
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q11/00Accessories fitted to machine tools for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition or for cooling work; Safety devices specially combined with or arranged in, or specially adapted for use in connection with, machine tools
    • B23Q11/10Arrangements for cooling or lubricating tools or work

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device, including main spindle box body, it is arranged at the main shaft of the main spindle box body interior and around the high-pressure coolant for being arranged at the main spindle box inner body wall, the lower end of the main spindle box body is connected with annular spray formula cooling device.The annular spray formula cooling device includes pedestal, guide rail, sliding block, annular sliding sleeve, rack, gear, motor, motor mounting plate, nozzle holder and high pressure nozzle in " 7 " shape.The upper surface of the pedestal is provided with annular groove, the pedestal is internally provided with connection flexible pipe, the nozzle holder is internally provided with cooling passage, and the annular groove, connection flexible pipe, cooling passage and the high pressure nozzle are sequentially communicated, and form coolant channels.The present invention improves the cooling effect of cutter and the precision of processing, and structural principle is simple, and manufacturing cost and maintenance cost are low, easy to use, reliable.

Description

A kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device
【Technical field】
The present invention relates to machining equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of machine with annular spray formula cooling device Bed main shaft.
【Background technology】
In machining equipment, one of main shaft part most basic as lathe, its one end is connected with process tool, enters The processing of row component of machine, the other end are connected with motor, and its rotation or rise and fall are driven by motor.It is being machined When, more heat can be produced between cutter and process component, if heat excludes tool wear can be caused to accelerate not in time, Even damage, fracture, have a strong impact on machining accuracy.In existing cooling device, the external cooling pipe of generally use is to cutter Cooled down, its position in process is fixed, and top of the coolant along cutter is flowed into the bottom of cutter, cooling The flow velocity of liquid is slow, and cooling capacity is limited, and can not realize that the purpose of iron filings is swept in punching, it is impossible to meets high-speed, high precision Digit Control Machine Tool Requirement.Meanwhile there is part machine tool chief axis to use built-in cooling pipe, but the phenomenon of coolant splashing be present, cause cold But the utilization rate of liquid is low, and lathe is difficult to clean.
【The content of the invention】
In view of this, it is overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention provides a kind of with annular spray formula cooling device Machine tool chief axis, the nozzle holder of spray angle can be automatically adjusted by setting, realizes the real-time cooling of cutter in process Real-time punching with cutting iron filings is swept, and improves the cooling effect of cutter and the utilization rate of coolant, is avoided cutting iron filings pair and is added The destruction in work face, so as to improve the finish of machined surface and dimensional accuracy.
To achieve the above object, technical scheme is as follows:
A kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device, including main spindle box body, it is arranged at the main spindle box The main shaft of body interior and the circular high-pressure coolant for being arranged at the main spindle box inner body wall, it is characterised in that the master The lower end of axle box body is connected with annular spray formula cooling device, and the annular spray formula cooling device is placed under the main shaft The outside at end;
It is mechanical, electrical that the annular spray formula cooling device includes pedestal, guide rail, sliding block, annular sliding sleeve, rack, gear, electricity Machine installing plate, nozzle holder and high pressure nozzle in " 7 " shape, the pedestal are connected to the lower end of the main spindle box body, The guide rail is installed on the excircle of the pedestal, and the sliding block, which is slidably matched, to be arranged on the guide rail, the annular The inwall of sliding sleeve is installed on the outside of the sliding block, and the rack is vertically arranged to the outer wall of the annular sliding sleeve, the electricity Machine installing plate is installed on the side of the pedestal upper end, and the motor is installed on the outer end of motor mounting plate one, the gear It is installed on the output shaft of the motor, and the engaged gears, in the rack, shape is hinged institute to the nozzle holder in a ring The middle part of base outer wall is stated, and the nozzle holder extends to the outside of the annular sliding sleeve, the high pressure nozzle is installed on The outer end of the nozzle holder.The motor is stepper motor, and it drives the gear rotation, so as to drive the annular to slide Set moves up and down, and by moving up and down for the annular sliding sleeve, realizes the regulation of the nozzle holder spray angle.
The upper surface of the pedestal is provided with annular groove, and the pedestal is internally provided with connection flexible pipe, the nozzle Internal stent is provided with cooling passage, and the annular groove, connection flexible pipe, cooling passage and the high pressure nozzle are successively Connection, form coolant channels.
Preferably, the outside of the annular spray formula cooling device is provided with protective cover, the security of operation ensure that.
Further, the contact surface up and down of the annular sliding sleeve and the nozzle holder is provided with roller shaft, reduces Resistance during the nozzle holder rotation, operation are more stable.
Further, the lower end of the main spindle box body is provided with two sealing rings, and the sealing ring is respectively positioned at described The both sides of annular groove, it is ensured that the high-pressure coolant does not leak, and increases operation rate.
The present invention design principle be:By setting annular sliding sleeve described in the motor driven to move up and down, realize The real-time regulation of the nozzle holder spray angle;The annular groove, connection flexible pipe, cooling passage and the high pressure spray Mouth is sequentially communicated, and forms coolant channels, is realized real-time punching of the real-time cooling of cutter in process with cutting iron filings and is swept.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:(1) by the real-time regulation of the nozzle holder spray angle, it is achieved thereby that plus Real-time punching of real-time cooling of the high-pressure coolant to cutter with cutting iron filings is swept during work, improves the cooling effect of cutter Fruit and the utilization rate of coolant, destruction of the cutting iron filings to machined surface is avoided, so as to improve the finish of machined surface and chi Very little precision;(2) structural principle is simple, and manufacturing cost and maintenance cost are low, easy to use, reliable.
【Brief description of the drawings】
In order to illustrate more clearly about the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be to embodiment or existing There is the required accompanying drawing used in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, drawings in the following description are only this Some embodiments of invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, can be with Other accompanying drawings are obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of annular injecting type cooling device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlargement structural representation at A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is the partial enlargement structural representation at B in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is the use state diagram of the present invention.
In figure, 1, main spindle box body, 2, high-pressure coolant, 3, main shaft, 4, protective cover, 5, gear, 6, nozzle holder, 7, tooth Bar, 8, annular spray formula cooling device, 9, bearing pin, 10, high pressure nozzle, 11, cooling passage, 12, connection flexible pipe, 13, annulus Shape sliding sleeve, 14, pedestal, 15, stepper motor, 16, motor mounting plate, 17, sliding block, 18, guide rail, 19, annular groove, 20, sealing Circle, 21, roller shaft, 22, cutter, 23, workpieces processing.
【Embodiment】
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained every other under the premise of creative work is not made Embodiment, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.
Referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 4, a kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device, including main spindle box body 1, set The main shaft 3 and the circular high-pressure coolant 2 for being arranged at the inwall of main spindle box body 1 being placed in inside the main spindle box body 1, The lower end of the main spindle box body 1 is connected with annular spray formula cooling device 8, and the annular spray formula cooling device 8 is placed on The outside of the lower end of main shaft 3;
The annular spray formula cooling device 8 includes pedestal 14, guide rail 18, sliding block 17, annular sliding sleeve 13, rack 7, tooth Wheel 5, stepper motor 15, motor mounting plate 16, nozzle holder 6 and high pressure nozzle 10 in " 7 " shape, the pedestal 14 connect In the lower end of the main spindle box body 1, the guide rail 18 is installed on the excircle of the pedestal 14, and the sliding block 17, which slides, matches somebody with somebody Conjunction is arranged on the guide rail 18, and the inwall of the annular sliding sleeve 13 is installed on the outside of the sliding block 17, and the rack 7 is perpendicular The outer wall of the annular sliding sleeve 13 is directly installed on, the motor mounting plate 16 is installed on the side of the upper end of pedestal 14, institute State stepper motor 15 and be installed on the outer end of motor mounting plate 16 1, the gear 5 is installed on the output of the stepper motor 15 On axle, and the gear 5 is snapped at the rack 7, and shape is hinged in the outer wall of pedestal 14 nozzle holder 6 in a ring Portion, and the nozzle holder 6 extends to the outside of the annular sliding sleeve 13, the high pressure nozzle 10 is installed on the nozzle branch The outer end of frame 6.In use, stepper motor 15 drives the gear 5 to rotate, moved down so as to drive on the annular sliding sleeve 13 It is dynamic, by moving up and down for the annular sliding sleeve 13, realize the regulation of the spray angle of nozzle holder 6.
The upper surface of the pedestal 14 is provided with annular groove 19, and the pedestal 14 is internally provided with connection flexible pipe 12, The nozzle holder 6 is internally provided with cooling passage 11, the annular groove 19, connection flexible pipe 12, cooling passage 11 with And the high pressure nozzle 10 is sequentially communicated, coolant channels are formed.
As shown in figure 1, the outside of the annular spray formula cooling device 8 is provided with protective cover 4, the safety of operation ensure that Property.
As shown in figure 3, the lower end of the main spindle box body 1 is provided with two sealing rings 20, and the sealing ring 20 is distinguished Positioned at the both sides of the annular groove 19, it is ensured that the high-pressure coolant does not leak, and increases operation rate.
As shown in figure 4, the contact surface up and down of the annular sliding sleeve 13 and the nozzle holder 6 is provided with roller shaft 21, the resistance when nozzle holder 6 rotates is reduced, operation is more stable.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 5, before use, cutter 22 is loaded in the handle of a knife of the lower end of main shaft 3, the numerical control system of lathe is set System, complete to act " to knife ", nozzle holder 6 is rotated under the driving of stepper motor 15 centered on bearing pin 9, makes nozzle holder 6 Spray angle alignment cutter 22 bottom, with the progress of processing, cutter 22 steps into the inside of workpieces processing 23, spray Mouth support 6 rotates with, it is ensured that the flow direction of high-pressure coolant 2 is directed at the contact with cutter 22 of the outer surface of workpieces processing 23 all the time Place, can in time rush and sweep cutting iron filings, improve machining accuracy and cooling effect.
The present invention improves the cooling effect of cutter and the utilization rate of coolant, avoids cutting iron filings and machined surface is broken Bad, so as to improve the finish of machined surface and dimensional accuracy, structural principle is simple, and manufacturing cost and maintenance cost are low, uses It is convenient, reliable.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention God any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., should be included in the scope of the protection with principle.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device, including main spindle box body, it is arranged at the main spindle box sheet The main shaft in internal portion and the circular high-pressure coolant for being arranged at the main spindle box inner body wall, it is characterised in that the main shaft The lower end of case body is connected with annular spray formula cooling device, and the annular spray formula cooling device is placed on the main shaft lower end Outside;
The annular spray formula cooling device includes pedestal, guide rail, sliding block, annular sliding sleeve, rack, gear, motor, motor peace Loading board, nozzle holder and high pressure nozzle in " 7 " shape, the pedestal is connected to the lower end of the main spindle box body, described Guide rail is installed on the excircle of the pedestal, and the sliding block, which is slidably matched, to be arranged on the guide rail, the annular sliding sleeve Inwall be installed on the outside of the sliding block, the rack is vertically arranged to the outer wall of the annular sliding sleeve, the motor peace Loading board is installed on the side of the pedestal upper end, and the motor is installed on the outer end of motor mounting plate one, the gear installation In on the output shaft of the motor, and the engaged gears, in the rack, shape is hinged the base to the nozzle holder in a ring The middle part of seat outer wall, and the nozzle holder extends to the outside of the annular sliding sleeve, the high pressure nozzle is installed on described The outer end of nozzle holder;The motor drives the gear rotation, and the gear drives the rack to move up and down, the rack Drive the annular sliding sleeve to move up and down, by moving up and down for the annular sliding sleeve, realize the nozzle holder injection The regulation of angle.
The upper surface of the pedestal is provided with annular groove, and the pedestal is internally provided with connection flexible pipe, the nozzle holder Cooling passage is internally provided with, the annular groove, connection flexible pipe, cooling passage and the high pressure nozzle connect successively It is logical, form coolant channels.
2. a kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described The outside of annular spray formula cooling device is provided with protective cover.
3. a kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described The contact surface up and down of annular sliding sleeve and the nozzle holder is provided with roller shaft.
4. a kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described The lower end of main spindle box body is provided with two sealing rings, and the sealing ring is located at the both sides of the annular groove respectively.
CN201711166970.9A 2017-11-21 2017-11-21 A kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device Pending CN107812962A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711166970.9A CN107812962A (en) 2017-11-21 2017-11-21 A kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711166970.9A CN107812962A (en) 2017-11-21 2017-11-21 A kind of machine tool chief axis with annular spray formula cooling device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107812962A true CN107812962A (en) 2018-03-20

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Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109759892A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-05-17 河南理工大学 A kind of tool geometry angle is adjustable to spray integrated apparatus with cutting fluid
CN111002098A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-14 曾世猛 Water spraying device for milling machining based on precise numerical control machine tool
CN112720051A (en) * 2020-12-17 2021-04-30 上海大学 Accurate jet lubrication device suitable for MQL milling

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109759892A (en) * 2019-03-13 2019-05-17 河南理工大学 A kind of tool geometry angle is adjustable to spray integrated apparatus with cutting fluid
CN111002098A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-04-14 曾世猛 Water spraying device for milling machining based on precise numerical control machine tool
CN112720051A (en) * 2020-12-17 2021-04-30 上海大学 Accurate jet lubrication device suitable for MQL milling

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