CN107801619A - A kind of implantation methods of greenhouse cherry and tomato - Google Patents

A kind of implantation methods of greenhouse cherry and tomato Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107801619A
CN107801619A CN201711194754.5A CN201711194754A CN107801619A CN 107801619 A CN107801619 A CN 107801619A CN 201711194754 A CN201711194754 A CN 201711194754A CN 107801619 A CN107801619 A CN 107801619A
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China
Prior art keywords
tomato
cherry
seedling
plant
soil
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CN201711194754.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢育枝
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谢育枝
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Priority to CN201711194754.5A priority Critical patent/CN107801619A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G31/00Soilless cultivation, e.g. hydroponics
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A61MEDICAL OR VETERINARY SCIENCE; HYGIENE
    • A61LMETHODS OR APPARATUS FOR STERILISING MATERIALS OR OBJECTS IN GENERAL; DISINFECTION, STERILISATION, OR DEODORISATION OF AIR; CHEMICAL ASPECTS OF BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES; MATERIALS FOR BANDAGES, DRESSINGS, ABSORBENT PADS, OR SURGICAL ARTICLES
    • A61L2/00Methods or apparatus for disinfecting or sterilising materials or objects other than foodstuffs or contact lenses; Accessories therefor

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of implantation methods of cherry and tomato, belong to growing vegetables technical field.The implantation methods of the cherry and tomato of the present invention, comprise the following steps:(1) soil and variety selection, (2) seedling management, (3) sowing,(4)Seedling management,(5)Field planting, the cherry and tomato implantation methods of the present invention, it is that inventor is studied for a long period of time by what is grown to cherry and tomato, design adapt to cherry and tomato growth reasonable field management pattern a kind of implantation methods, finally plant obtained cherry and tomato outward appearance it is round and smooth, (regular in peony, size) attractive in appearance, and sour-sweet succulence, mouthfeel is pleasant, substantially increases the quality and quality of the product of cherry and tomato, adds the per mu yield income of cherry and tomato plantation.

Description

A kind of implantation methods of greenhouse cherry and tomato
Technical field
The invention belongs to application field, more particularly to a kind of implantation methods of greenhouse cherry and tomato.
Background technology
Little tomato, Chinese formal name are cherry and tomato, are annual herb plants, belong to Solanaceae tomato genus.Plant is most Gao Shineng grows to 2 meters.With promote the production of body fluid to quench thirst, stomach strengthening and digestion promoting, clearing heat and detoxicating, cool blood flat liver, blood-supplementing blood-nourishing and orectic work( Effect.Thirsty, poor appetite can be controlled.It can be put into or add in cold dish or in clear soup.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of greenhouse cherry and tomato implantation methods of stable yield.
A kind of 1. implantation methods of greenhouse cherry and tomato, it is characterised in that:The implantation methods concretely comprise the following steps:
(One)Soil and variety selection:
Select with fresh air, polluted without industrial factories and miness, physical features is high and dry, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and soil layer is deep, loose, fertile;From anti- Miscellaneous 109 small tomato improved seeds during inverse ability is strong.Seed purity > 95%, cleanliness > 98%, germination percentage > 95%.
(Two)Seedling management:
Hole tray, matrix before nursery are carried out disinfection with chlorine dioxide, matrix is using turf, vermiculite, perlite by volume 6: 2: 2, after being mixed, water spray makes humidity be used after reaching 60%.First batch when beginning nursery on March 1, nursery it is noted that moisture Control, prevents the excessive growth of seedling;Seed is put into 55-60 DEG C of warm water, stirs therewith to water temperature and is down to 30 DEG C only, then to soak 12 small When;
(Three)Sowing:
Application rate carries out hole plate seedling growth by the 120% of definite value amount, per one, cave, is first first disappeared before broadcasting in hole tray with chlorine dioxide Poison, then hole pressing program request, per one, cave, thick about 1.5-2.0 centimetres matrix, gas at the beginning of autumn late summer are after planting covered on seed in time Temperature is higher, and sunshine is stronger, and after planting seedling culture hole plate will be capped sunshade net, while pay attention to vented exhaust;
(Four)Seedling management:
A, 30 DEG C are not higher than daytime, night is advisable not less than 15 DEG C;Pay special attention at noon 12 when afternoon 4, in case of too strong Illumination will be capped sunshade net in time, and vented exhaust avoids seedling day from burning;
B, easily fallen ill when cherry and tomato humidity is excessive, humidity is excessive to easily cause dehiscent fruit.Sooner or later the machine that blows in respectively is divulged information 15 minutes, is reduced Humidity in canopy;
C, seedling stage it is not non-irrigated do not pour, based on control, if water shortage can sprinkle water at fine day noon, forbid to pour flood;
(Five)Field planting:
Site preparation, basal dressing, by 25-30 centimetres of soil deep tillage, be exposed to the sun pathogen and insect in soil, with 20 times of concentration chlorine dioxide Spray disinfection, or with 200,000 grams/acre of improved soil pH value of quick lime, then spray 800 times of liquid/mus of ferment bacterium.By every 667 squares Rice, applies decomposed manure(Cow dung)2000 kilograms, organic fertilizer double centner, humic acid double centner.Bedding:Thin leveling is ploughed before transplanting Make high ridge, ridge is high 20-30 centimetres, and wide furrow are wide 180 centimetres.
Field planting method:It is colonized using bright water, i.e., first plants seedling, rear watering.
(Seven)Field management:
Not more than 28 DEG C of daytime, nocturnal temperature are not less than 10 DEG C, notice that overtemperature leaks informaton and leak informaton with temperature less than 16 DEG C of closings Mouthful.
A, root water is poured after rice shoot field planting, ground moistening should be kept at latter 7 days.After seedling-slowing stage, should be slowly Soil moisture is reduced, soil moisture control is between 20%-40%.Ensure that plant is sturdy, reduce dehiscent fruit;
Root water is poured after rice shoot field planting, ground moistening should be kept at latter 7 days.After seedling-slowing stage, reduction that should be slowly is native Earth moisture, soil moisture control is between 20%-40%.Ensure that plant is sturdy, reduce dehiscent fruit.
B, after rice shoot is colonized 20-30 days, every 60 grams/acre of 20 days foliage-spray sweet tea agriculture nutrient liquid fertilizers 1 time, spray 7 times; The small tomato Post flowering of platform, topdressing and watering, 20,000 grams/acre of 1 mixed organic manure and high 50 grams/acre of phosphate fertilizer are applied, by solution machine Compression inputs the side of plant by spray gun, from the cm of plant 5.
(Seven)Tie up climing:
Careless plant grow at 30-40 centimetres using tie up climing machine carry out operation tie up it is climing.It is the easy cingulum of decomposability to tie up climing band;Cherry and tomato Grown comparatively fast in greenhouse, typically stay 4-5 branches, adjust the density of plant leaf, ensured that Leaf positional distribution is uniform, improve the light of plant Efficiency is closed, the old leaf of bottom jaundice and sick leaf is removed in time, strengthens translucency.
(Eight)Prevent and treat disease pest:
Greenhouse cherry and tomato pest and disease damage is based on cultural control, supplemented by chemical control;When discovery disease, it should be noted that SPRING WHEAT BEFORE AND AFTER FLOWERING is not Suitable medication.
Beneficial effect:The present invention is a kind of cherry and tomato plantation side that professional of agriculture is gone out by multiple practice summary Method, this method are carried out disinfection using chlorine dioxide to hole tray, matrix before nursery, and matrix presses body using turf, vermiculite, perlite Product 6: 2: 2, after being mixed, water spray makes humidity be used after reaching 60% so that the cherry and tomato outward appearance planted out is round and smooth, attractive in appearance (regular in peony, size), and sour-sweet succulence, mouthfeel is pleasant, substantially increases the quality and product of the product of cherry and tomato Matter, add the per mu yield income of cherry and tomato plantation.
Embodiment
Embodiment:
Select the soil that ground even, physical features are slightly higher, deep loose, fertile, the permeable ventilation of soil layer is good.Miscellaneous 109 cherry from Peach tomato improved seeds, seed purity 96%, cleanliness 98.8%, germination percentage 96%.
(Two)Seedling management:
Hole tray, matrix before nursery are carried out disinfection with chlorine dioxide, matrix is using turf, vermiculite, perlite by volume 6: 2: 2, after being mixed, water spray makes humidity be used after reaching 60%.First batch started nursery March 1, controlled moisture, prevented seedling Excessive growth;Seed is put into 57 DEG C of warm water, stirs therewith to water temperature and is down to 30 DEG C only, soak 12 hours.
(Three)Sowing:
Application rate carries out hole plate seedling growth by the 120% of definite value amount, per one, cave, is first first disappeared before broadcasting in hole tray with chlorine dioxide Poison, then hole pressing program request, per one, cave, after planting cover thick about 2.0 centimetres matrix on seed in time, temperature at the beginning of autumn late summer compared with Height, sunshine is stronger, and after planting seedling culture hole plate will be capped sunshade net, while pay attention to vented exhaust.
(Four)Seedling management:
A, 30 DEG C are not higher than daytime, night is advisable not less than 15 DEG C;Pay special attention at noon 12 when afternoon 4, in case of too strong Illumination will be capped sunshade net in time, and vented exhaust avoids seedling day from burning;
B, easily fallen ill when cherry and tomato humidity is excessive, humidity is excessive to easily cause dehiscent fruit.Sooner or later the machine that blows in respectively is divulged information 15 minutes, is reduced Humidity in canopy;
C, seedling stage it is not non-irrigated do not pour, if water shortage can sprinkle water at fine day noon, forbid to pour flood;
(Five)Field planting:
Site preparation, basal dressing, 28 centimetres of soil deep tillage, is sprayed at be exposed to the sun pathogen and insect in soil with 20 times of concentration chlorine dioxide Mist is sterilized, or with 200,000 grams/acre of improved soil pH value of quick lime, then spray 800 times of liquid/mus of ferment bacterium.By every 667 square metres, Apply decomposed manure(Cow dung)2000 kilograms, organic fertilizer double centner, humic acid double centner.Bedding:Thin leveling is ploughed before transplanting to make High ridge, ridge is high 25 centimetres, and wide furrow are wide 180 centimetres.
Field planting method:It is colonized using bright water, i.e., first plants seedling, rear watering.
(Eight)Field management:
Not more than 28 DEG C of daytime, nocturnal temperature are not less than 10 DEG C, notice that overtemperature leaks informaton and leak informaton with temperature less than 16 DEG C of closings Mouthful.
A, root water is poured after rice shoot field planting, ground moistening should be kept at latter 7 days.After seedling-slowing stage, should be slowly Soil moisture is reduced, soil moisture control is between 20%-40%.Ensure that plant is sturdy, reduce dehiscent fruit;
B, after rice shoot is colonized 20-30 days, every 60 grams/acre of 20 days foliage-spray sweet tea agriculture nutrient liquid fertilizers 1 time, spray 7 times;It is small in platform Tomato Post flowering, topdressing and watering, 20,000 grams/acre of 1 mixed organic manure and high 50 grams/acre of phosphate fertilizer are applied, solution is compressed with machine The side of plant is inputted by spray gun, from the cm of plant 5.
(Seven)Tie up climing:
Careless plant grow at 30-40 centimetres using tie up climing machine carry out operation tie up it is climing.It is the easy cingulum of decomposability to tie up climing band;Cherry and tomato Grown comparatively fast in greenhouse, stay 4-5 branches, adjust the density of plant leaf, ensured that Leaf positional distribution is uniform, improve the photosynthetic effect of plant Rate, the old leaf of bottom jaundice and sick leaf are removed in time, strengthens translucency.
(Eight)Prevent and treat disease pest:
Greenhouse cherry and tomato pest and disease damage is based on cultural control, supplemented by chemical control.

Claims (1)

  1. A kind of 1. implantation methods of greenhouse cherry and tomato, it is characterised in that:The implantation methods concretely comprise the following steps:
    (One)Soil and variety selection:
    Select with fresh air, polluted without industrial factories and miness, physical features is high and dry, and irrigation and drainage are convenient, and soil layer is deep, loose, fertile;From anti- Miscellaneous 109 small tomato improved seeds during inverse ability is strong;
    Seed purity > 95%, cleanliness > 98%, germination percentage > 95%;
    (Two)Seedling management:
    Hole tray, matrix before nursery are carried out disinfection with chlorine dioxide, matrix presses volume 6: 2: 2 using turf, vermiculite, perlite, After being mixed, water spray makes humidity be used after reaching 60%;First batch started nursery March 1, notices that moisture controls, prevents seedling Excessive growth;Seed is put into 55-60 DEG C of warm water, stirs therewith to water temperature and is down to 30 DEG C only, then soak 12 hours;
    (Three)Sowing:
    Application rate carries out hole plate seedling growth by the 120% of definite value amount, per one, cave, is first first disappeared before broadcasting in hole tray with chlorine dioxide Poison, then hole pressing program request, per one, cave, thick about 1.5-2.0 centimetres matrix, gas at the beginning of autumn late summer are after planting covered on seed in time Temperature is higher, and sunshine is stronger, and after planting seedling culture hole plate will be capped sunshade net, while pay attention to vented exhaust;
    (Four)Seedling management:
    A, 30 DEG C are not higher than daytime, night is advisable not less than 15 DEG C;Pay special attention at noon 12 when afternoon 4, in case of too strong Illumination will be capped sunshade net in time, and vented exhaust avoids seedling day from burning;
    B, easily fallen ill when small tomato humidity is excessive, humidity is excessive to easily cause dehiscent fruit;Sooner or later the machine that blows in respectively is divulged information 15 minutes, reduces canopy Interior humidity;
    C, seedling stage it is not non-irrigated do not pour, based on control, if water shortage can sprinkle water at fine day noon, forbid to pour flood;
    (Five)Field planting:
    Site preparation, basal dressing, by 25-30 centimetres of soil deep tillage, be exposed to the sun pathogen and insect in soil, with 20 times of concentration chlorine dioxide Spray disinfection, or with 200,000 grams/acre of improved soil pH value of quick lime, then spray 800 times of liquid/mus of ferment bacterium;By every 667 squares Rice, applies decomposed manure(Cow dung)2000 kilograms, organic fertilizer double centner, humic acid double centner;Bedding:Thin leveling is ploughed before transplanting Make high ridge, ridge is high 20-30 centimetres, and wide furrow are wide 180 centimetres;Field planting method:It is colonized using bright water, i.e., first plants seedling, rear watering;
    (Six)Field management:
    A, not more than 28 DEG C of daytime, nocturnal temperature are not less than 10 DEG C, notice that overtemperature leaks informaton and put with temperature less than 16 DEG C of closings Air port;
    B, root water is poured after rice shoot field planting, ground moistening should be kept at latter 7 days;
    After seedling-slowing stage, reduction soil moisture that should be slowly, soil moisture control ensures that plant is sturdy between 20%-40%, Reduce dehiscent fruit;
    C, root water is poured after rice shoot field planting, ground moistening should be kept at latter 7 days;After seedling-slowing stage, reduction that should be slowly Soil moisture, soil moisture control is between 20%-40%;Ensure that plant is sturdy, reduce dehiscent fruit;
    D, after rice shoot is colonized 20-30 days, every 60 grams/acre of 20 days foliage-spray sweet tea agriculture nutrient liquid fertilizers 1 time, spray 7 times;In cherry Tomato Post flowering, topdressing and watering, 20,000 grams/acre of 1 mixed organic manure and high 50 grams/acre of phosphate fertilizer are applied, solution is compressed with machine The side of plant is inputted by spray gun, from the cm of plant 5;
    (Seven)Tie up climing:
    A, careless plant is grown to tying up climing using tying up climing machine and carry out operation at 30-40 centimetres, and it is the easy cingulum of decomposability to tie up climing band;
    B, cherry and tomato grows comparatively fast in greenhouse, typically stays 4-5 branches, adjusts the density of plant leaf, ensures that Leaf positional distribution is equal It is even, the photosynthetic efficiency of plant is improved, the old leaf of bottom jaundice and sick leaf is removed in time, strengthens translucency;
    (Eight)Prevent and treat disease pest:
    Cherry and tomato pest and disease damage is based on cultural control, supplemented by chemical control.
CN201711194754.5A 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 A kind of implantation methods of greenhouse cherry and tomato Withdrawn CN107801619A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711194754.5A CN107801619A (en) 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 A kind of implantation methods of greenhouse cherry and tomato

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108901669A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-30 江苏圣福来生态农业有限公司 A kind of cultural method of cherry tomato in winter
CN109105140A (en) * 2018-07-28 2019-01-01 普定县石阶农业开发有限公司 A kind of cherry potted landscape cultural method
CN109526628A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-29 云南祥云圣龙农业庄园有限公司 A kind of high-yield planting method of tomato

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103766094A (en) * 2012-10-18 2014-05-07 吴燕 Cherry tomato planting method
CN104285662A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-01-21 和县鑫发农业发展有限公司 Greenhouse cultivation method of pollution-free cherry tomatoes
CN105493868A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-04-20 赵胜体 Cherry tomato planting method
CN106165574A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-30 张掖市农业科学研究院 A kind of sterile production method of tomato seeds

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103766094A (en) * 2012-10-18 2014-05-07 吴燕 Cherry tomato planting method
CN104285662A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-01-21 和县鑫发农业发展有限公司 Greenhouse cultivation method of pollution-free cherry tomatoes
CN105493868A (en) * 2015-12-29 2016-04-20 赵胜体 Cherry tomato planting method
CN106165574A (en) * 2016-08-31 2016-11-30 张掖市农业科学研究院 A kind of sterile production method of tomato seeds

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108901669A (en) * 2018-05-30 2018-11-30 江苏圣福来生态农业有限公司 A kind of cultural method of cherry tomato in winter
CN109105140A (en) * 2018-07-28 2019-01-01 普定县石阶农业开发有限公司 A kind of cherry potted landscape cultural method
CN109526628A (en) * 2018-12-29 2019-03-29 云南祥云圣龙农业庄园有限公司 A kind of high-yield planting method of tomato

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Application publication date: 20180316

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