CN107799803B - Square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system - Google Patents

Square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107799803B
CN107799803B CN201710798842.XA CN201710798842A CN107799803B CN 107799803 B CN107799803 B CN 107799803B CN 201710798842 A CN201710798842 A CN 201710798842A CN 107799803 B CN107799803 B CN 107799803B
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China
Prior art keywords
battery
feeding
plate
semi
paper
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CN201710798842.XA
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CN107799803A (en
Inventor
卜松松
王宏辉
胡汪洋
尹嘉伦
马雪杰
丁言军
郑琦
王玉明
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Zhongyin Ningbo Battery Co Ltd
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Zhongyin Ningbo Battery Co Ltd
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    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M10/00Secondary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M10/04Construction or manufacture in general
    • H01M10/0404Machines for assembling batteries
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01MPROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    • H01M6/00Primary cells; Manufacture thereof
    • H01M6/005Devices for making primary cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P70/00Climate change mitigation technologies in the production process for final industrial or consumer products
    • Y02P70/50Manufacturing or production processes characterised by the final manufactured product

Abstract

The invention provides a square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system, which comprises: the battery feeding mechanism is used for conveying the semi-finished batteries; the working turntable is provided with a working channel, and the working channel receives the semi-finished product battery sent by the battery feeding mechanism; and the paper piece filling mechanism is used for filling paper pieces into the semi-finished product battery on the working channel. This square battery feeding and paper piece system of filling has the advantage that degree of automation is high.

Description

Square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system
Technical Field
The invention belongs to the technical field of battery production, and relates to a square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system.
Background
A square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system is production equipment for feeding batteries and filling paper sheets in an automatic square battery spot welding gland production line. The invention designs a square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system with high automation degree.
Disclosure of Invention
The invention aims to solve the problems in the prior art and provides a square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system with high automation degree.
The purpose of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme: a prismatic cell feeding and paper sheet loading system comprising:
the battery feeding mechanism is used for conveying the semi-finished batteries;
the working turntable is provided with a working channel, and the working channel receives the semi-finished product battery sent by the battery feeding mechanism;
and the paper piece filling mechanism is used for filling paper pieces into the semi-finished product battery on the working channel.
As a further improvement of the invention, a plurality of battery clamping grooves are evenly distributed on the periphery of the working turntable, the working channel is formed by surrounding the battery clamping grooves, a feeding and pushing mechanism is arranged at the outlet of the battery feeding mechanism, semi-finished batteries discharged by the battery feeding mechanism are fed into the corresponding battery clamping grooves by the feeding and pushing mechanism, and the semi-finished batteries are limited in the battery clamping grooves.
As a further improvement of the invention, the paper sheet loading mechanism comprises a cutting and loading assembly and a paper tape feeding assembly arranged on the side of the cutting and loading assembly, the cutting and loading assembly receives the paper tape fed by the paper tape feeding assembly and loads the paper tape into corresponding semi-finished batteries on the working channel after cutting the paper tape into paper sheets with preset specifications, and the cutting and loading assembly is also used for realizing punching of the paper sheets.
As a further improvement of the invention, the paper sheet filling mechanism further comprises a paper tape recovery assembly for recovering the paper tape after punching and cutting, and the paper tape recovery assembly and the paper tape feeding assembly are arranged on two sides of the cutting and filling assembly in rows.
As a further improvement of the invention, the semi-finished battery is set to be a 9V semi-finished battery, and the metal sheet carried on the battery end cover is set to be two sheets.
As a further improvement of the invention, the battery feeding mechanism is formed by surrounding an inner lining plate arranged at the bottom and two groups of feeding side plates arranged at two sides of the inner lining plate in rows, the feeding pushing mechanism is arranged in front of the battery feeding mechanism and comprises a feeding pushing block used for pushing batteries and a driving piece used for connecting the feeding pushing block, and a front baffle used for stopping the batteries sent by the battery feeding mechanism from continuing to advance is arranged at one side of the feeding pushing block.
As a further improvement of the invention, the cutting and filling assembly is provided with a battery top block which is used for tightly abutting against the corresponding semi-finished battery on the working channel along the radial direction of the working turntable, and the cutting and filling assembly fills the punched and cut paper sheets into the corresponding semi-finished battery along the axial direction of the working turntable.
As a further improvement of the invention, the cutting and filling assembly comprises a first fixing plate, a main plate vertically and movably mounted on the first fixing plate through a sliding block and a sliding rail structure, and a second fixing plate vertically and movably mounted on the main plate through a sliding block and a sliding rail structure, wherein the second fixing plate is sequentially provided with an upper fixing plate, a cutter fixing plate fixed with the upper fixing plate, a cutter die upper plate and a cutter die lower plate from top to bottom, the cutter fixing plate is provided with a cutter and an ejector pin, the cutter die upper plate and the cutter die lower plate are provided with a cutting groove and a punching through hole for the cutter and the ejector pin to penetrate through respectively, a punching excess material discharging structure is mounted below the cutter die lower plate, and the punching excess material discharging structure is used for receiving excess materials falling after punching of the paper tape and discharging the.
As a further improvement of the invention, a group of feeding guide shafts butted with the paper tape feeding assembly and a group of discharging guide shafts butted with the paper tape recycling assembly are respectively arranged at two sides of the first fixing plate, and the paper tape spliced by the feeding guide shafts passes between the upper plate of the cutting die and the lower plate of the cutting die.
As a further improvement of the invention, the battery top block is movably arranged in the middle of the front surface of the first fixing plate and can slide along the radial direction of the working turntable, and the battery top block is arranged below the lower plate of the cutting die.
Based on the technical scheme, the embodiment of the invention can at least produce the following technical effects: the square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system is compact in overall structure layout and mainly comprises a working turntable, a battery feeding mechanism and a paper sheet filling mechanism, wherein the battery feeding mechanism conveys a semi-finished battery of a previous process to a working channel of the working turntable, the working turntable rotates and drives the semi-finished battery to move to a paper sheet filling station, and at the moment, the paper sheet filling mechanism acts and fills the cut and punched paper sheet into the semi-finished battery; the square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system can reliably and orderly complete the work of battery feeding, paper sheet filling and the like, and has high automation degree and high working efficiency.
Drawings
Embodiments of the invention are described in further detail below with reference to the attached drawing figures, wherein:
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of an entire battery point covering machine according to a preferred embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 2 is a partial schematic structural diagram of a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a schematic view of fig. 2 from another perspective.
Fig. 4 is a schematic view of the structure of fig. 3 from another view angle.
Fig. 5 is a schematic structural diagram of a semi-finished cell according to a preferred embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 6 is a schematic structural view of a cell end cap with a metal sheet according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 7 is a schematic diagram of the cutting and loading assembly in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is a partial structural schematic view of fig. 7.
Fig. 9 is an exploded view of a portion of the structure of fig. 7.
FIG. 10 is an exploded view of a tape feed assembly in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 11 is a schematic diagram of the shaping channel vicinity according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
FIG. 12 is a schematic structural view of an end cap limiting mechanism according to a preferred embodiment of the invention.
FIG. 13 is a schematic structural diagram of a lid feeding mechanism according to a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 14 is a schematic view of the structure of fig. 13 from another angle.
FIG. 15 is a schematic structural view of a cover release plate in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 16 is a schematic view of the structure of fig. 15 from another perspective.
FIG. 17 is a schematic diagram of a second shaping plate in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the invention.
Fig. 18 is a schematic view of the structure of fig. 17 from another perspective.
FIG. 19 is a schematic diagram of the first shaping plate in accordance with a preferred embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 20 is a schematic view of the structure of fig. 19 from another perspective.
Detailed Description
The following are specific embodiments of the present invention and are further described with reference to the drawings, but the present invention is not limited to these embodiments.
The technical solution provided by the present invention is explained in more detail below with reference to fig. 1 to 20.
As shown in fig. 1 to 20, the battery feeding and paper sheet loading system of the present invention comprises: a battery feeding mechanism 10 for conveying the semi-finished battery 200; the opening of the semi-finished cell 200 is upward, and the welding position of the cell is in the opening; the working turntable 20 is provided with a working channel 21, and the working channel 21 receives the semi-finished product battery 200 sent by the battery feeding mechanism 10; a paper loading mechanism 30 for loading paper into the semi-finished battery 200 on the working channel 21.
The battery point cover machine of the square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system also comprises a cover feeding mechanism 40 which is arranged on the working turntable 20 and corresponds to the semi-finished batteries 200 on the working channel 21 one by one, and the cover feeding mechanism 40 is used for conveying a battery end cover 210 of a metal sheet 220; a spot welding mechanism 50 for performing spot welding work of the metal sheet 220 of the cell end cap 210 and the corresponding semi-finished cell 200; the stripping mechanism 60 is used for stripping the spot-welded battery end cover 210 from the corresponding cover feeding mechanism 40 so as to enable the battery end cover 210 and the corresponding semi-finished battery 200 to follow up; a shaping mechanism 70 for receiving the stripped battery end cap 210 and shaping and tightly pressing the battery end cap on the corresponding semi-finished battery 200; the battery discharging mechanism 80 receives the battery sent by the shaping mechanism 70 and discharges the battery.
In order to ensure reliable work, the spot welding mechanism 50 in the scheme preferably forms two welding points at a single time, and compared with the conventional method for forming a single welding point at a single time and needing to weld twice to complete the work of the single spot welding mechanism 50, the working efficiency and the reliability are obviously improved.
The invention protects a square battery feeding and paper filling system, in particular to a square battery feeding and paper filling system of a square battery point cover machine suitable for a 9V battery, which has compact overall structure layout and mainly comprises a working turntable 20, a battery feeding mechanism 10 and a paper filling mechanism 30, wherein the battery feeding mechanism 10 conveys a semi-finished product battery 200 of the previous process to a working channel 21 of the working turntable 20, the working turntable 20 rotates and drives the semi-finished product battery 200 to move to a paper filling station, and at the moment, the paper filling mechanism 30 acts and fills the cut and punched paper into the semi-finished product battery 200; the square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system can reliably and orderly complete the work of battery feeding, paper sheet filling and the like, and has high automation degree and high working efficiency.
The cover feeding mechanism 40 initially receives the battery end cover 210 with the metal sheet 220 from the outside and places the battery end cover 210 at a corresponding station to be welded, the battery end cover 210 is positioned above the corresponding semi-finished battery 200, when the working turntable 20 continues to rotate and drives the semi-finished battery 200 with paper sheets to move to a spot welding station, the battery end cover 210 on the corresponding cover feeding mechanism 40 is also at a spot welding position, and at the moment, the spot welding mechanism 50 acts and spot welds the corresponding metal sheet 220 of the battery end cover 210 and the semi-finished battery 200 together; after spot welding, the working turntable 20 drives the battery to move to a stripping station, under the action of the stripping mechanism 60, the cover feeding mechanism 40 is separated from the battery end cover 210 carried by the battery end cover, and the battery end cover 210 is spot-welded with the semi-finished battery 200, so that the battery end cover 210 follows the corresponding semi-finished battery 200 and is driven by the working turntable 20 to move into the shaping mechanism 70, under the action of the shaping mechanism 70, the battery end cover 210 continuously approaches inwards and moves to a position above the battery, and is gradually pressed downwards to be pressed on the battery and finally buckled with the semi-finished battery 200 to form the whole battery, and the whole battery is discharged by the battery discharging mechanism 80.
In the present invention, the semi-finished battery 200 is preferably configured as a 9V semi-finished battery 200, and correspondingly, the metal sheet 220 carried on the battery end cap 210 is configured as two sheets. Further, the spot welding mechanisms 50 are provided in two to fit the metal sheets 220, each spot welding mechanism 50 performs the spot welding work corresponding to a single metal sheet 220, and the peeling mechanism 60 is provided on the side of the spot welding mechanism 50 located rearward.
Furthermore, in order to ensure that the batteries are not easy to slip off when moving, avoid the interference effect of each mechanism, and improve the layout compactness, a plurality of battery clamping grooves 211 are evenly distributed on the periphery of the working turntable 20, the working channel 21 is formed by surrounding the battery clamping grooves 211, a feeding pushing mechanism 90 is arranged at the outlet of the battery feeding mechanism 10, the semi-finished batteries 200 discharged by the battery feeding mechanism 10 are sent into the corresponding battery clamping grooves 211 by the feeding pushing mechanism 90, and the semi-finished batteries 200 are limited in the battery clamping grooves 211.
After the feeding and pushing mechanism 90 sends the battery into the battery clamping groove 211, the semi-finished battery 200 is preferably adsorbed and limited in the corresponding battery clamping groove 211 in a magnetic adsorption manner, so that the reliability of battery transmission is ensured.
The battery feeding mechanism 10 preferably conveys the semi-finished batteries 200 along a tangential direction of a rotating track of the working turntable 20, and the feeding and pushing mechanism 90 preferably pushes the semi-finished batteries 200 into the battery clamping grooves 211 of the corresponding stations along a radial direction of the working turntable 20.
The cover feeding mechanisms 40 and the batteries are in one-to-one correspondence, so that the corresponding cover feeding mechanism 40 is installed near each battery clamping groove 211, and only part of the cover feeding mechanisms 40 are shown in the drawing of the pump invention.
As a preferred or alternative embodiment, the battery feeding mechanism 10 is formed by surrounding two groups of feeding side plates 12 on both sides of a lining plate 11 arranged at the bottom and a lining plate 11 arranged in rows, and the conveying manner of the whole feeding and pushing mechanism 90 is preferably a stepping manner; the feeding pushing mechanism 90 is arranged in front of the battery feeding mechanism, and includes a feeding pushing block 91 for pushing the battery, and a driving member (preferably an air cylinder) for connecting the feeding pushing block 91, and a front baffle 100 is arranged on one side of the feeding pushing block 91 for blocking the battery fed by the battery feeding mechanism to continue to advance.
Further, in order to ensure the tightness and reliability of the paper punch cutting and filling work, it is preferable that the paper filling mechanism 30 includes a cutting and filling assembly 31 and a tape feeding assembly 32 disposed at a side of the cutting and filling assembly 31, the cutting and filling assembly 31 receives a tape fed from the tape feeding assembly 32 and cuts it into a predetermined size of paper, and then fills the corresponding semi-finished battery 200 on the working channel 21, and the cutting and filling assembly 31 is further used to punch the paper.
Further, the paper sheet loading mechanism 30 further includes a tape recovery unit for recovering the punched and cut tape, and the tape recovery unit and the tape feed unit 32 are arranged on both sides of the cutting and loading unit 31; after the punching, cutting and filling are completed, the residual paper tape is recovered by the paper tape recovery assembly, the compactness of the overall layout is ensured, and the influence on the operation of other mechanisms caused by the separation of the paper tape is avoided.
The paper tape recovery assembly can be preferably arranged below a main panel (a main tool and a support carrier) of the whole battery point cover machine in a hidden mode, interference is reduced, and the compactness of the whole layout is improved.
In order to ensure the reliability and the degree of automation of the filling operation and the reliability of the operation, it is preferable that the cutting and filling assembly 31 is provided with a battery top block 34 for abutting against the corresponding semi-finished battery 200 on the operation channel 21 in the radial direction, and after the semi-finished battery 200 is abutted, the cutting and filling assembly 31 fills the punched and cut paper sheets into the semi-finished battery 200 in the axial direction, where the radial direction and the axial direction are both directions of the operation turntable 20.
In the present invention, the semi-finished battery 200 is preferably configured as a square battery as shown in fig. 5, the sub-battery parts in the semi-finished battery 200 sent out in the previous process are welded, the positive and negative electrodes at the two corners are respectively welded to the positive and negative electrode metal sheets 220 of the battery end cap 210, and short circuiting of the semi-finished cell 200 and the cell end cap 210 is avoided, it is necessary to provide the paper sheet loading mechanism 30, used for filling the punched and cut paper sheets into the semi-finished battery 200, and then spot welding of the battery and the end cover is carried out, the whole paper sheets have the effect of insulating sheets, and closely matched with the semi-finished battery 200 and the battery end cover 210, the holes punched on the paper sheets are also matched with the positive and negative electrode holes of the semi-finished battery 200, only the positive and negative electrodes of the semi-finished battery 200 are exposed out of the paper sheets after filling, and the battery end cover 210 is closely covered on the semi-finished battery 200 after spot welding and pressing, so that a complete square battery is obtained.
Specifically, the preferable cutting and loading assembly 31 includes a first fixing plate 3111, a main plate 3112 vertically movably mounted on the first fixing plate 3111 through a slider and a slide rail structure, and a second fixing plate 3113 vertically movably mounted on the main plate 3112 through a slider and a slide rail structure, the second fixing plate 3113 is sequentially provided with an upper fixing plate 3114, a cutter fixing plate 3115 fixed to the upper fixing plate 3114, a cutter mold upper plate 3116, and a cutter mold lower plate 3117 from top to bottom, a cutter 312 and a thimble 313 are mounted on the cutter fixing plate 3115, a cutting groove and a punching through hole through which the cutter 312 and the thimble 313 pass are respectively provided on the cutter mold upper plate 3116 and the cutter mold lower plate 3117, a punching remainder discharging structure 35 is mounted below the cutter mold lower plate 3117, and the punching remainder discharging structure 35 is used for receiving and discharging remnants falling after punching the paper tape; a set of feeding guide shafts 314 butted with the paper tape feeding assembly 32 and a set of discharging guide shafts 315 butted with the paper tape recovery assembly are respectively arranged on two sides of the first fixing plate 3111, a paper tape received by the feeding guide shafts 314 passes between the knife die upper plate 3116 and the knife die lower plate 3117, after punching and cutting, redundant paper tapes enter the paper tape recovery assembly through the discharging guide shafts 315, a paper tape stepping wheel 316 and a pressing wheel 317 arranged above the paper tape stepping wheel 316 are further arranged between the discharging guide shafts 315 and the second fixing plate 3113, the pressing wheel 317 is used for pressing the paper tapes to avoid the movement or the separation track in the paper tape conveying process, and the paper tapes pass between the pressing wheel 317 and the paper tape stepping wheel 316 and then reach the discharging guide shafts 315.
Further, the battery top block 34 is movably mounted in the middle of the front surface of the first fixing plate 3111 and can slide along the radial direction (horizontal direction) of the working turntable 20, and the battery top block 34 is disposed below the cutting die lower plate 3117 and can preferably slide linearly back and forth through a driving structure disposed on the back surface of the first fixing plate 3111; above-mentioned upper fixed plate 3114 is preferred to realize displacement from top to bottom through installing the cylinder drive structure in mainboard 3112 upper portion position, and the line slides from top to bottom of synchronous drive cutter 312 and thimble 313, and then realizes punching, cutting and the loading of scraps of paper, and mainboard 3112 is preferred to realize displacement from top to bottom through installing the cylinder drive structure in first fixed plate 3111 lower part position, and then can drive whole cutting die structure and take scraps of paper to remove and aim at the semi-piece battery's in below position of loading, guarantees the reliability of work.
The web recovery assembly and web infeed assembly 32 may be configured substantially the same, but functionally opposite, and the present invention provides an embodiment of web infeed assembly 32 as follows: the paper tape feeding assembly 32 comprises a support 321 for fixing, a paper tape collecting shaft 322 hinged on the support 321, and a material tray 323 arranged on one side of the support 321 and connected with the paper tape collecting shaft 322, wherein the material tray 323 is used for releasing paper tapes, an outer flange 324 and an inner flange 325 are respectively arranged outside two cover plates 3231 of the material tray 323, a baffle shaft 326 arranged outside the support 321 is arranged at one end of the paper tape collecting shaft 322 far away from the material tray 323, and a first reinforcing rib 327 for reinforcing strength and keeping support stable is further arranged in the middle of the support 321; preferably, as shown in fig. 11, a power source for providing power is added to the tape feeding assembly 32 to drive the tray 323 for recycling to rotate, and the tape feeding assembly 32 can also rotate under the pulling of the cutting and filling assembly 31, so that no power source needs to be added.
Further, the integral cap dotting machine of the present invention further includes an end cap conveying channel (not shown in the figure) for conveying the battery end cap 210 with the metal sheet 220 as shown in fig. 6, an end cap limiting mechanism 110 is disposed between the paper sheet loading mechanism 30 and the spot welding mechanism 50, the end cap limiting mechanism 110 receives the battery end cap 210 sent from the end cap conveying channel and limits the battery end cap 210 to the upper spot welding position corresponding to the semi-finished battery 200, and the battery end cap 210 on the end cap limiting mechanism 110 is taken away after the corresponding cap sending mechanism 40 moves to the right position.
The arrangement is such that the cover feeding mechanism 40 does not carry the cell end cover 210 before the end cover limiting mechanism 110, so that the fed cell end cover 210 moves to the spot welding position above the corresponding cell, and then is contacted and limited by the cover feeding mechanism 40, and the cell end cover 210 is taken away, and before reaching the spot welding mechanism 50, the cell end cover 210 and the corresponding semi-finished cell 200 move to the preset spot welding position basically.
As a preferred or alternative embodiment, the end cover limiting mechanism 110 includes a third fixing plate 111 for fixing, a cylinder 112 vertically movably mounted on the third fixing plate 111, and an end cover top plate 113 disposed at the upper end of the cylinder 112, wherein a limiting notch 1131 is disposed at the front end of the end cover top plate 113, the limiting notch 1131 receives and limits the battery end cover 210 with the metal sheet 220 sent from the end cover conveying channel, during actual operation, the cover sending mechanism 40 moves to a preset position along with the operating turntable 20, the cylinder 112 with the end cover top plate 113 moves upwards and makes the battery end cover 210 contact with the cover sending mechanism 40, and then the cover sending mechanism 40 takes away the battery end cover 210; the top plate 113 of the end cap is preferably connected to the cylinder 112 through a ram structure, a first bottom plate 114 is fixedly connected to the lower end of the third fixing plate 111, and a second rib 115 is further disposed between the first bottom plate 114 and the third fixing plate 111.
Alternatively, the end cap top plate 113 may be relatively stationary, and the cover feeding mechanism 40 may come into contact with the cell end cap 210 from the top down, and then be withdrawn from the end cap top plate 113.
Preferably, an end cover cam 130 is arranged above the working turntable 20, the end cover cam 130 is connected with the working turntable 20 through a turntable central shaft 140, the end cover cam 130 is simultaneously connected with each cover feeding mechanism 40, and the cooperation between the end cover cam 130 and the working turntable 20 can ensure the follow-up stability and the working reliability of the cover feeding mechanisms 40 and can also avoid the interference influence of the cover feeding mechanisms 40 during the filling of paper sheets, for example.
As a preferred or alternative embodiment, the cap feeding mechanism 40 includes a vertical fixed plate 411 fixed on the working turntable 20, a vertical sliding rail 412 fixed on the vertical fixed plate 411, a vertical moving plate movably mounted on the vertical sliding rail 412 through a vertical slider 413, a vertical moving rod 414 fixedly connected with the vertical moving plate and disposed below the working turntable 20, a lateral positioning plate 421 fixedly connected with the vertical moving plate, a lateral sliding rail 422 fixed on the lateral positioning plate 421, a lateral moving plate 424 movably mounted on the lateral sliding rail 422 through a lateral slider 423, a shaft seat 431 and a bearing 432 hinged on the shaft seat 431 are connected to a lower end of the vertical moving rod 414, a lifting rail 150 adapted to the bearing 432 is disposed below the working turntable 20, and through cooperation of the lifting rail 150 and the bearing 432 of the shaft seat 431, lifting of the cap feeding mechanism 40 is further realized, and grabbing and spacing releasing of the battery end cap 210 can be reliably realized, and can be closely matched with the stripping mechanism 60 and the shaping mechanism 70; an end cover clamp 44 is detachably mounted at the front end of the transverse moving plate 424, and a negative electrode sucker 45 and a positive electrode sucker 46 are arranged on the end cover clamp 44, so that the end cover clamp 44 can adsorb the battery end cover 210; the rear end of the transverse moving plate 424 is connected with the end cover cam 130 through a cam bearing follower 47, a fine adjustment plate 48 is further mounted at the rear end of the transverse moving plate 424, the cam bearing follower 47 is arranged on the fine adjustment plate 48, the relative position of the end cover clamp 44 at the front end can be adjusted in time, and the practicability is high.
In the present invention, it is preferable that the vertical moving rod 414 and the lifting rail 150 are engaged so that the entire cap feeding mechanism 40 is in a raised state before reaching the battery cap 210 suction position, and when the battery cap 210 is peeled off, the cap feeding mechanism 40 is also in a raised state or starts to be raised.
Further, in order to improve the compactness of the overall layout, the paper loading mechanism 30, the spot welding mechanism 50, the peeling mechanism 60 and the shaping mechanism 70 are sequentially and tightly distributed at the position close to the edge of the working turntable 20 along the rotating track of the working turntable 20, and when the peeling mechanism 60 peels off the battery end cover 210, the corresponding cover feeding mechanism 40 moves upwards.
As a preferred or alternative embodiment, the stripping mechanism 60 includes a stripping fixing plate 61 for fixing and supporting and an end cover releasing plate 62 detachably mounted on the stripping fixing plate 61, the end cover releasing plate 62 is disposed on the rotation track of the working turntable 20 and located above the edge of the working turntable 20, preferably located above one of the battery slots 211 close to the spot welding mechanism 50, one end of the end cover releasing plate 62 close to the spot welding mechanism 50 is provided with two protruding strips 621 arranged at two sides in rows, an end cover channel 622 for only allowing the end cover to pass through is defined between the two protruding strips 621, the end cover channel 622 penetrates through the end cover releasing plate 62 along the track direction of the working turntable 20, and at the end of the end cover releasing plate 62 far away from the electric welding mechanism, the end cover channel 622 is disposed below the end cover releasing plate.
When the working turntable 20 moves to the stripping position with the battery, the battery end cap 210 enters from the end cap channel 622 inlet (i.e. the position between the corners of the two convex strips 621), the metal sheet 220 is placed under the convex strips 621, the semi-finished battery 200 is also placed under the convex strips 621, during this period, the cover feeding mechanism 40 gradually moves upwards, under the restriction of the end cap separation plate 62, the cover feeding mechanism 40 cannot take away the battery end cap 210, and the battery end cap 210 is spot-welded with the semi-finished battery 200, and when the working turntable 20 continues to rotate, the battery end cap 210 follows and is not inserted into the end cap channel 622 under the end cap separation plate 62, the battery end cap 210 and the cover feeding mechanism 40 are completely separated, and move out of the end cap separation plate 62 along with the driving of the working turntable 20, and then are received by the shaping mechanism 70.
Further, since the metal sheet 220 and the corresponding battery are spot-welded during spot welding, and the battery end cap 210 is disposed at the periphery, the battery end cap 210 needs to be shaped by the shaping mechanism 70 and then pressed on the battery to close the opening; in order to ensure the reliable integral work and the tight fit with the working turntable 20, the shaping mechanism 70 preferably comprises a first shaping component 71 and a second shaping component 72, wherein the first shaping component 71 receives the stripped cell end cover 210 and transfers the cell end cover from the outer side of the corresponding semi-finished cell 200 to the upper side, and the second shaping component 72 receives the cell end cover 210 sent out by the first shaping component 71, gradually presses the cell end cover down and finally presses the cell end cover on the corresponding cell; the shaping mechanism 70 has ingenious structural design and can be tightly butted with the stripping mechanism 60 and the battery discharging mechanism 80.
Specifically, as a preferred or alternative embodiment, the first shaping assembly 71 includes a first shaping plate 711 disposed on one side of the peeling mechanism 60 and above the working turntable 20, a first end cap shaping track 7111 adapted to a rotation track of the working turntable 20 is disposed on a portion of the working turntable 20 facing the first shaping plate 711, the semi-finished battery 200 sent out by the peeling mechanism 60 continues to follow the working turntable 20, the first end cap shaping track 7111 is curved from outside to inside and at the same time smoothly falls back from top to bottom, and an outlet of the first end cap shaping track 7111 is disposed above (preferably directly above or close to directly above) the semi-finished battery 200 at a corresponding position.
After the working turntable 20 drives the semi-finished battery 200 and the corresponding battery end cap 210 to pass through the peeling mechanism 60, the battery end cap 210 enters the first end cap shaping track 7111 and is gradually transferred from the outer side of the battery to the position right above the battery under the influence of the preset track, meanwhile, the battery end cap 210 also gradually moves downwards and shortens the gap between the battery end cap 210 and the semi-finished battery 200, and after passing through the first shaping plate 711, the battery end cap 210 is placed right above the semi-finished battery 200 or is basically placed at the position right above the semi-finished battery 200.
As a preferred or alternative embodiment, the second shaping assembly 72 includes a second shaping plate 721 disposed outside the working turntable 20, the second shaping plate 721 is provided with a second end cap shaping track 7211 facing downward, a pulling plate 161 is movably disposed at an inlet of the second end cap shaping track 7211, the pulling plate 161 is used for pulling the battery passing through the first shaping plate 711 brought by the working turntable 20 into the second end cap shaping track 7211, the battery slot 211 on the working turntable 20 without the battery is empty, the second end cap shaping track 7211 smoothly falls back from top to bottom, a front section of the second end cap shaping track 7211 is configured to be gradually narrowed in width, the battery end cap 210 can be further shaped to a position right above the battery, a rear section of the second end cap shaping track is a slope track facing downward, a gap between the battery end cap 210 and the semi-finished battery 200 can be gradually reduced and finally eliminated, and the arrangement is such that when the battery end cap 210 passes through the second end cap shaping track 7211, is gradually pressed down by the second shaping plate 721 and is finally pressed against the corresponding battery.
Further, the pulling plate 161 is configured as a hook-shaped structure, which extends into the rotation track of the working turntable 20, and the pulling plate 161 is connected with a transmission structure capable of driving the pulling plate 161 to move back and forth, where the transmission structure includes a second bottom plate 162 for fixing, a pulling plate guide rail 163 installed on the second bottom plate 162, a fixing block 164 fixed with the pulling plate 161, a pulling plate 161 slider fixed on the fixing block 164 and adapted to the pulling plate guide rail 163, and a driving member (preferably, an air cylinder) connected with the fixing block 164.
Further, the battery discharging mechanism 80 includes a feeding channel 81 for receiving the battery sent by the shaping mechanism 70, and a defective channel 82 and a discharging channel 83 connected to the feeding channel 81, respectively, a detecting mechanism 120 is disposed on one side of the feeding channel 81, the shaped battery is detected by the detecting mechanism 120, the qualified product is discharged from the discharging channel 83, and the defective product is discharged from the defective channel 82, so that the battery cap installing machine of the present application further has a defective product detecting and removing function.
As a preferred or alternative embodiment, a shaping channel 722 surrounded by side plates and the second bottom plate 162 is preferably arranged below the second shaping plate 721, the incoming channel 81 receives the batteries sent by the shaping channel 722, preferably, the incoming channel 81 and the discharging channel 83 are connected into a linear channel, the incoming channel 81 and the shaping channel 722 are perpendicular, the defective channel 82 is arranged at the joint of the incoming channel 81 and the discharging channel 83, and the three form a three-way structure, the detecting mechanism 120 is an electricity measuring mechanism with a set of electric measuring contacts, the present invention further preferably has pushing structures respectively matched with the incoming channel 81 (the discharging channel 83) and the defective channel 82, after detection, the qualified batteries are pushed into the discharging channel 83 by the corresponding pushing structures, and the defective batteries are pushed into the defective channel 82 by the corresponding pushing structures.
To sum up, when the battery point capping machine of the present invention works, the battery feeding mechanism 10 uses a step-by-step manner to transport the semi-finished battery 200 of the previous process to the feeding and pushing mechanism 90, the semi-finished battery is pushed by the feeding and pushing mechanism 90 to enter the battery slot 211 on the working channel 21, the battery is limited in the corresponding slot, the working turntable 20 is rotated to bring the semi-finished battery 200 to the paper loading position, the paper loading mechanism 30 is driven to abut against the semi-finished battery 200 first, then the punched and cut paper is moved down and loaded, the working turntable 20 is moved to the spot welding position with the battery, during this process, the battery end cap 210 with the metal sheet 220 is sent and limited in the preset limit position, the limit position is close to the paper loading position, the capping mechanism 40 takes away the battery end cap 210 after arriving and contacts the limit at the same time, when the battery with the working turntable 20 arrives at the spot welding position, the corresponding capping mechanism 40 also arrives at the spot welding position above the battery end cap 210 with the battery, the spot welding structure works and spot welds the corresponding metal sheet 220 of the battery end cover 210 and the semi-finished battery 200 together, the battery end cover 210 is at the outer side position of the corresponding battery this time, the working turntable 20 drives the battery to move to the stripping station after spot welding, the cover feeding mechanism 40 is separated from the battery end cover 210 carried by the cover feeding mechanism under the action of the stripping mechanism 60, because the battery end cover 210 and the semi-finished battery 200 are spot welded together, the battery end cover 210 and the corresponding semi-finished battery 200 follow up, the working turntable 20 continues to drive and move into the first shaping assembly 71, the battery discharging mechanism 80 is unloaded through the second shaping assembly 72, when the battery is separated from the working turntable 20, the corresponding clamping groove is vacant, the corresponding cover feeding mechanism 40 continues to rotate with the working turntable 20 but does not carry the battery end cover 210 thereon, when the working turntable 20 rotates to the battery feeding position, a new working cycle is started, each mechanism of this battery point lid machine is closely connected and cooperates, accomplishes work such as battery feeding, scraps of paper punching cutting loading, end cover feeding, spot welding, peels off plastic, battery ejection of compact reliably, in an orderly manner, and degree of automation is high, and work efficiency obviously improves.
The specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the spirit of the invention. Various modifications or additions may be made to the described embodiments or alternatives may be employed by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit or ambit of the invention as defined in the appended claims.

Claims (7)

1. A square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system is characterized in that: the method comprises the following steps:
the battery feeding mechanism is used for conveying the semi-finished batteries;
the working turntable is provided with a working channel, and the working channel receives the semi-finished product battery sent by the battery feeding mechanism;
the paper piece loading mechanism is used for loading paper pieces into the semi-finished product battery on the working channel;
the paper sheet filling mechanism comprises a cutting filling assembly and a paper tape feeding assembly arranged on the side of the cutting filling assembly, the cutting filling assembly receives a paper tape sent by the paper tape feeding assembly, cuts the paper tape into paper sheets with preset specifications and then fills the paper sheets into corresponding semi-finished product batteries on the working channel, and the cutting filling assembly is further used for realizing punching of the paper sheets;
the cutting and filling assembly is provided with a battery top block which is used for tightly abutting against a corresponding semi-finished battery on the working channel along the radial direction of the working turntable, and the cutting and filling assembly fills paper sheets which are punched and cut into the corresponding semi-finished battery along the axial direction of the working turntable;
the cutting filling assembly comprises a first fixing plate, a mainboard which is movably mounted on the first fixing plate through a slider and a sliding rail structure, a second fixing plate which is movably mounted on the mainboard through a slider and a sliding rail structure, an upper fixing plate is sequentially arranged on the second fixing plate from top to bottom, a cutter fixing plate fixed with the upper fixing plate, a cutter die upper plate and a cutter die lower plate, a cutter and a thimble are mounted on the cutter fixing plate, cutting grooves for the cutter and the thimble to penetrate are formed in the cutter die upper plate and the cutter die lower plate respectively, a punching through hole is formed in the cutter die upper plate, a punching excess material discharging structure is mounted below the cutter die lower plate, and the punching excess material discharging structure is used for receiving excess materials falling after paper tape punching and discharging the excess materials.
2. A prismatic cell feeding and sheet loading system according to claim 1, wherein: a plurality of battery clamping grooves are evenly distributed on the periphery of the working rotary disc, the working channel is formed by surrounding the battery clamping grooves, a feeding pushing mechanism is arranged at the outlet of the battery feeding mechanism, semi-finished batteries discharged by the battery feeding mechanism are fed into the corresponding battery clamping grooves by the feeding pushing mechanism, and the semi-finished batteries are limited in the battery clamping grooves.
3. A prismatic cell feeding and sheet loading system according to claim 1, wherein: the paper sheet filling mechanism further comprises a paper tape recovery assembly for recovering the paper tape after punching and cutting, and the paper tape recovery assembly and the paper tape feeding assembly are arranged on two sides of the filling assembly in a row cutting mode.
4. A prismatic cell feeding and sheet loading system according to claim 1, wherein: the semi-finished product battery is set to be a 9V semi-finished product battery, and the metal sheets carried on the battery end cover are set to be two sheets.
5. A prismatic cell feeding and sheet loading system according to claim 1, wherein: the battery feeding mechanism is formed by surrounding an inner lining plate arranged at the bottom and two groups of feeding side plates arranged on two sides of the inner lining plate in rows, the feeding pushing mechanism is arranged in front of the battery feeding mechanism and comprises a feeding pushing block used for pushing batteries and a driving piece used for connecting the feeding pushing block, and a front baffle used for stopping the batteries sent by the battery feeding mechanism from continuing to advance is arranged on one side of the feeding pushing block.
6. A prismatic cell feeding and sheet loading system according to claim 1, wherein: and a group of feeding guide shafts butted with the paper tape feeding assembly and a group of discharging guide shafts butted with the paper tape recycling assembly are respectively arranged on two sides of the first fixing plate, and the paper tape jointed by the feeding guide shafts penetrates between the upper plate of the cutting die and the lower plate of the cutting die.
7. A prismatic cell feeding and sheet loading system according to claim 1, wherein: the battery ejector block is movably mounted in the middle of the front face of the first fixing plate and can slide along the radial direction of the working turntable, and the battery ejector block is arranged below the lower plate of the cutting die.
CN201710798842.XA 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 Square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system Active CN107799803B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710798842.XA CN107799803B (en) 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 Square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710798842.XA CN107799803B (en) 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 Square battery feeding and paper sheet filling system

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CN107799803B true CN107799803B (en) 2020-06-26

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Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205246569U (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-05-18 中银(宁波)电池有限公司 Battery detection device
CN105932336A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-07 深圳南方精益科技有限公司 Efficient battery core casing equipment used for automobile lithium battery
CN207542333U (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-06-26 中银(宁波)电池有限公司 A kind of rectangular cell charging and scraps of paper loading system

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN205246569U (en) * 2015-12-03 2016-05-18 中银(宁波)电池有限公司 Battery detection device
CN105932336A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-07 深圳南方精益科技有限公司 Efficient battery core casing equipment used for automobile lithium battery
CN207542333U (en) * 2017-09-07 2018-06-26 中银(宁波)电池有限公司 A kind of rectangular cell charging and scraps of paper loading system

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