CN107763009A - The method of work of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means - Google Patents

The method of work of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107763009A
CN107763009A CN201710908042.9A CN201710908042A CN107763009A CN 107763009 A CN107763009 A CN 107763009A CN 201710908042 A CN201710908042 A CN 201710908042A CN 107763009 A CN107763009 A CN 107763009A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
hydraulic cylinder
transverse slat
stroke
screw rod
water
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Application number
CN201710908042.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107763009B (en
Inventor
王健
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Xiangshan Xin Yuan Machinery Factory
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Xiangshan Xin Yuan Machinery Factory
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Priority to CN201710908042.9A priority Critical patent/CN107763009B/en
Publication of CN107763009A publication Critical patent/CN107763009A/en
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    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F15FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS; HYDRAULICS OR PNEUMATICS IN GENERAL
    • F15BSYSTEMS ACTING BY MEANS OF FLUIDS IN GENERAL; FLUID-PRESSURE ACTUATORS, e.g. SERVOMOTORS; DETAILS OF FLUID-PRESSURE SYSTEMS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • F15B19/00Testing; Calibrating; Fault detection or monitoring; Simulation or modelling of fluid-pressure systems or apparatus not otherwise provided for

Abstract

The invention belongs to field of hydraulic equipment, and in particular to a kind of method of work of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means;The groove for being used for placing hydraulic cylinder is provided with including base, in base;Base is provided with stroke case, the inwall of stroke case is provided with chute, transverse slat is slidably connected on chute, the side wall of stroke case is provided with scale, hydraulic cylinder to be detected is placed with below transverse slat, the output end of hydraulic cylinder and the bottom surface of transverse slat offset, stroke box top has been bolted cover plate, hole is installed with cover plate, a screw rod is rotatably connected on cover plate, the rectangular block for rotating screw rod is fixedly connected with the top of screw rod, the upper surface of transverse slat is fixedly connected with spring, the one end of spring away from transverse slat is fixedly connected through the hole of cover plate with screw rod, the water of 3cm thickness is housed on transverse slat, the Western red that density is less than water is mixed with water;The present invention is without electronic device with high costs, and simple in construction, observation is convenient, and is that mechanical component is hardly damaged.

Description

The method of work of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means
Technical field
The invention belongs to field of hydraulic equipment, and in particular to a kind of method of work of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means.
Background technology
In machinery industry, hydraulic cylinder is the important component into the transmission of action edge, is that hydraulic energy is changed into machinery by one kind Can, machinery is realized linear reciprocating motion or the device of swing, it is driven stable working, and reliability is high, the work residing for hydraulic cylinder Make bad environments, especially in metallurgical, mining and shipping industry, the running requirements to machinery equipment is higher, in the transmission of machinery During, hydraulic cylinder is in high pressure, impact, unstable harsh environments, in industrial control process, largely Use hydraulic cylinder.Such as workpiece often needs fixture positioning processing, the institute in drilling and Milling Process when being processed on lathe The drill jig and milling clamper of use.Workpiece is mainly placed directly on drilling machine by digital control processing by the processing of workpiece at present Heart frock clamp carries out the operation such as drill again after clamping, and the environment in lathe train workshop is more severe, the pressure of loaded hydraulic cylinder Power is also very big, therefore lathe-used hydraulic cylinder is required for sample starting simulation actual working environment progress after producing Performance test, the stroke and data such as working condition under certain loads of hydraulic cylinder are detected, to see whether to reach use Standard.And present producer generally requires a set of complicated electronic induction monitoring device when being detected to hydraulic cylinder, ability Detect the indices of hydraulic cylinder, it appears cost is too high, and electronic device is more accurate, ten partial volumes under the operating mode of complexity It is fragile.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method of work of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means, without with high costs Electronic device, simple in construction, observation is convenient, and is that mechanical component is hardly damaged.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, base case of the invention is as follows:
Lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means, including base, the base are provided with stroke case, and the inwall of the stroke case, which is provided with, to be slided Groove, transverse slat is slidably connected on the chute, hydraulic cylinder to be detected, the output of the hydraulic cylinder are placed with below the transverse slat End offsets with the bottom surface of transverse slat, and there is cover plate the stroke box top, is installed with hole on the cover plate, rotation company on the cover plate A screw rod is connected to, the rectangular block for rotating screw rod is fixedly connected with the top of the screw rod, the upper surface of the transverse slat is consolidated Determine connecting spring, the one end of spring away from transverse slat is fixedly connected through the hole of cover plate with screw rod, equipped with 3cm thickness on transverse slat Water, the dyestuff that density is less than water is mixed with water, and the present apparatus also includes following method of work:
(1), before use:Put into gasoline into stroke case so that last time using when be attached to the dyestuff of stroke tank wall can be by vapour Oil dissolving, and stroke case is cleaned, re-replace water and dyestuff;Again need to stand 30 minutes after filling dyestuff;
(2), in use, when the load to hydraulic cylinder increases, it should be gradual turn-knob rectangular block, screw rod be wound on spring 2cm is screwed for a unit or unscrewing operation;It is straight to screw a unit for per half an hour rectangular block after hydraulic cylinder startup Rectangular block is no longer screwed during to spring wrap to 20cm, is also to unclamp 2cm as one to be paralysed on screw rod every time when unscrewing rectangular block Individual unit, gradually unclamp;
(3), after use, it is necessary to the water in stroke case is extracted out, while fill gasoline by the dye scavenging in stroke case, at least enter The operation that 3 filling gasoline stirrings of row are drawn water again, stroke case is dried place afterwards, in case reusing.
The principle and beneficial effect of the method for work of this programme lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means are:
Base is used for each device for holding the present apparatus and needs examined hydraulic cylinder;Transverse slat is slidably connected on chute, Hydraulic cylinder to be detected is placed with below transverse slat, the output end of hydraulic cylinder and the bottom surface of transverse slat offset, when detecting hydraulic cylinder, liquid Moving up and down for cylinder pressure output end can promote transverse slat to move up and down, and then the stroke of the output end of hydraulic cylinder is passed into transverse slat, On transverse slat, the water of 3cm thickness is housed on transverse slat, the dyestuff that density is less than water is mixed with water, the athletic meeting of transverse slat is with motion plate The water of side moves together, there is the dyestuff that density is less than water in the water on transverse slat, and dyestuff is suspended in the surface of water always, therefore in horizontal stroke Plate follow hydraulic cylinder export end motion when, dyestuff will followed by and move together, when hydraulic cylinder reach top dead centre and under Can be because brief stay occur in commutation when stop, therefore the dyestuff of water surface can be with this brief stay time The inwall of stroke case is sufficiently contacted, and dyestuff will be attached on corresponding stroke chamber interior wall.Repeatedly after motion, the vestige of dyestuff Will clearly, therefore only need to according to the length between dyestuff vestige can with the detection of branch pipe or read hydraulic cylinder row Journey.There is cover plate stroke box top, and hole is installed with cover plate, and the top that a screw rod states screw rod is rotatably connected on cover plate and is fixed The rectangular block for rotating screw rod is connected with, the upper surface of transverse slat is fixedly connected with spring, and the one end of spring away from transverse slat passes through lid The hole of plate is fixedly connected with screw rod;In order to verify motion or working condition of the hydraulic cylinder under different operating modes, can use pull Hand turns rectangular block, spring is gradually wound on screw rod so that spring is tightened in stroke case so that elastic force increases, and leads to The length for the spring being wrapped on screw rod is overregulated, can be with the elastic force of regulation spring in stroke case so that spring can be applied The different pressure of hydraulic cylinder is added to simulate the situation of different service loads, it is simple and convenient, while need not how complicated Electronic equipment, whole device assembling is simple, easy to operate, and accurately can use in complex environment, will not be rotten by water Erosion, it will not be influenceed by there was dampness in the air.
Preferred scheme one:As the further optimization to base case, the side wall of stroke case is provided with scale, is easy to reading.
Preferred scheme two:As the further optimization to base case, the wall of stroke case makes for transparent glass, is easy to Observation.
Preferred scheme three:The groove for being used for placing hydraulic cylinder is provided with as the further optimization to base case, in base, It is easy to position hydraulic cylinder.
Preferred scheme four:As the further optimization to base case, dyestuff is crimson lake, and cost is low.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment
Below by embodiment, the present invention is further detailed explanation:
Reference in Figure of description includes:Bolt 1, groove 2, base 3, stroke case 4, cover plate 5, rectangular block 6, spring 7, Transverse slat 8, hydraulic cylinder 9, screw rod 10.
Embodiment is substantially as shown in Figure 1:
The lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means of the present embodiment, including base 3, the groove for being used for placing hydraulic cylinder 9 is provided with base 3 2;Base 3 is provided with stroke case 4, and the inwall of stroke case 4 is provided with chute, transverse slat 8, the side of stroke case 4 are slidably connected on chute Wall is provided with scale, and the lower section of transverse slat 8 is placed with hydraulic cylinder 9 to be detected, and the output end of hydraulic cylinder 9 and the bottom surface of transverse slat 8 offset, OK The top of journey case 4 is fixed with cover plate 5 by bolt 1, and hole is installed with cover plate 5, a screw rod 10, screw rod are rotatably connected on cover plate 5 10 top is fixedly connected with the rectangular block 6 for rotating screw rod 10, and the upper surface of transverse slat 8 is fixedly connected with spring 7, and spring 7 is remote One end from transverse slat 8 is fixedly connected through the hole of cover plate 5 with screw rod 10, and the water of 3cm thickness is housed on transverse slat 8, is mixed with water close Western red of the degree less than water.
The specific work process of the present embodiment lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means is:
(1), before use:Put into gasoline into stroke case 4 so that last time using when be attached to the dyestuff of stroke tank wall can be by vapour Oil dissolving, and stroke case is cleaned, re-replace water and dyestuff;Again need to stand 30 minutes after filling dyestuff;
(2), in use, when needing to detect the sample of hydraulic cylinder 9, first unclamp rectangular block 6 and spring 7 loosened, by hydraulic pressure Cylinder 9 is prevented in the groove 2 of base 3, and transverse slat 8 is slidably connected on chute, and the lower section of transverse slat 8 is placed with hydraulic cylinder 9 to be detected, The output end of hydraulic cylinder 9 and the bottom surface of transverse slat 8 offset, and when detecting hydraulic cylinder 9, moving up and down for the output end of hydraulic cylinder 9 can push away Motion plate 8 is moved up and down, and then the stroke of the output end of hydraulic cylinder 9 passed into transverse slat 8, on transverse slat 8,3cm is housed on transverse slat 8 The water of thickness, is mixed with water crimson lake, and water of the athletic meeting of transverse slat 8 with the top of motion plate 8 moves together, in the water on transverse slat 8 There is crimson lake, the crimson lake surface for being suspended in water always that density is less than water, therefore follow the output end of hydraulic cylinder 9 to transport in transverse slat 8 When dynamic, crimson lake will followed by is moved together, can be because changing when hydraulic cylinder 9 reaches top dead centre and lower dead center To there is brief stay, thus water surface it is crimson lake within this brief stay time can and the inwall of stroke case 4 fill The contact divided, it is crimson lake to be attached on the corresponding inwall of stroke case 4.Repeatedly after motion, crimson lake vestige will be very Substantially, therefore only the stroke of hydraulic cylinder 9 with the detection of branch pipe or need to can be read according to the length between crimson lake vestige.OK Cover plate 5 is arranged at the top of journey case 4, and hole is installed with cover plate 5, the top that a screw rod 10 states screw rod 10 is rotatably connected on cover plate 5 The rectangular block 6 for rotating screw rod 10 is fixedly connected with, the upper surface of transverse slat 8 is fixedly connected with spring 7, and spring 7 is away from transverse slat 8 One end is fixedly connected through the hole of cover plate 5 with screw rod 10;In order to verify motion or work feelings of the hydraulic cylinder 9 under different operating modes Condition, rectangular block 6 can be turned using spanner, spring 7 is gradually wound on screw rod 10 so that spring 7 is received in stroke case 4 Tightly so that elastic force increases, and the length of spring 7 on screw rod 10 is wrapped in by regulation, can be to adjust the spring in stroke case 4 7 elastic force so that spring 7 can be applied to the different pressure of hydraulic cylinder 9 to simulate the situation of different service loads, simple side Just, at the same need not how complicated electronic equipment, whole device assembling is simple, easy to operate, and can accurately use In complex environment, it will not will not be influenceed by aqueous corrosion by there was dampness in the air.The side wall of stroke case 4 is provided with scale, is easy to read Number.When increasing again the load of hydraulic cylinder 9, it should be gradual turn-knob rectangular block 6, using spring 7 be wound on screw rod 10 2cm as One unit is screwed or unscrewing operation;A unit is screwed until bullet per half an hour rectangular block after the startup of hydraulic cylinder 9 Spring no longer screws rectangular block when being wound into 20cm, is also to unclamp 2cm as a list to be paralysed on screw rod every time when unscrewing rectangular block Position, gradually unclamp.
(3), after use, it is necessary to the water in stroke case 4 is extracted out, while fill gasoline by the dye scavenging in stroke case 4, 3 operations that filling gasoline stirring is drawn water again are at least carried out, stroke case 4 are dried into placement afterwards, in case reusing.
Above-described is only embodiments of the invention, and the general knowledge such as known concrete structure and characteristic is not made herein in scheme Excessive description., without departing from the structure of the invention, can be with it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art Several modifications and improvements are made, these should also be considered as protection scope of the present invention, and these are implemented all without the influence present invention Effect and practical applicability.The scope of protection required by this application should be based on the content of the claims, in specification The records such as embodiment can be used for the content for explaining claim.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of method of work of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means, lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means include base, the bottom Seat is provided with stroke case, and the inwall of the stroke case is provided with chute, and transverse slat, the transverse slat lower section are slidably connected on the chute Hydraulic cylinder to be detected is placed with, the output end of the hydraulic cylinder and the bottom surface of transverse slat offset, and the stroke box top has Cover plate, hole is installed with the cover plate, a screw rod is rotatably connected on the cover plate, is fixedly connected at the top of the screw rod useful In the rectangular block for rotating screw rod, the upper surface of the transverse slat is fixedly connected with spring, and the one end of spring away from transverse slat passes through cover plate Hole is fixedly connected with screw rod, and the water of 3cm thickness is housed on transverse slat, and the dyestuff that density is less than water is mixed with water, it is characterised in that this Lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means specific works method is as follows:
(1), before use:Put into gasoline into stroke case so that last time using when be attached to the dyestuff of stroke tank wall can be by vapour Oil dissolving, and stroke case is cleaned, re-replace water and dyestuff;Again need to stand at least 30 minutes after filling dyestuff;
(2), in use, when the load to hydraulic cylinder increases, it should be gradual turn-knob rectangular block to change the bullet of spring Power, screw rod 2cm is wound on using spring and screwed as a unit or unscrewing operation;Hydraulic cylinder per half an hour rectangle after starting Block screws a unit and no longer screws rectangular block when spring wrap is to 20cm, is also every time with screw rod when unscrewing rectangular block It is a unit that 2cm is unclamped in paralysis, is gradually unclamped;
(3), after use, it is necessary to the water in stroke case is extracted out, while fill gasoline by the dye scavenging in stroke case, at least enter The operation that 3 filling gasoline stirrings of row are drawn water again, stroke case is dried place afterwards, in case reusing.
2. the method for work of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the stroke case Side wall be provided with scale.
3. the method for work of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the stroke case Wall made for transparent glass.
4. the method for work of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in the base Provided with the groove for placing hydraulic cylinder.
5. the method for work of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection means according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the dyestuff is It is crimson lake.
CN201710908042.9A 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 The working method of lathe-used hydraulic cylinder detection device Active CN107763009B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111022393A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-04-17 安徽爱瑞特新能源专用汽车股份有限公司 Hydraulic station testing fixture

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030056406A (en) * 2001-12-28 2003-07-04 한국항공우주연구원 Bellows Reservoir
CN1764787A (en) * 2003-03-24 2006-04-26 横浜Tlo株式会社 Variable valve system of internal combustion engine, its control method and hydraulic actuator
CN104863909A (en) * 2015-04-18 2015-08-26 浙江大学 Spring pressurization closed type hydraulic oil tank with volume, pressure and leakage detecting function

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030056406A (en) * 2001-12-28 2003-07-04 한국항공우주연구원 Bellows Reservoir
CN1764787A (en) * 2003-03-24 2006-04-26 横浜Tlo株式会社 Variable valve system of internal combustion engine, its control method and hydraulic actuator
CN104863909A (en) * 2015-04-18 2015-08-26 浙江大学 Spring pressurization closed type hydraulic oil tank with volume, pressure and leakage detecting function

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111022393A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-04-17 安徽爱瑞特新能源专用汽车股份有限公司 Hydraulic station testing fixture

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