CN107746286A - High permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

High permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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CN107746286A
CN107746286A CN201710950605.0A CN201710950605A CN107746286A CN 107746286 A CN107746286 A CN 107746286A CN 201710950605 A CN201710950605 A CN 201710950605A CN 107746286 A CN107746286 A CN 107746286A
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permeable brick
particle
ceramic
water
permeability rate
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张聪聪
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张聪聪
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    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/08Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by adding porous substances
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    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/01Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics
    • C04B35/16Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products based on oxide ceramics based on silicates other than clay
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    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/62204Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products using waste materials or refuse
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    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/626Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B
    • C04B35/63Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B using additives specially adapted for forming the products, e.g.. binder binders
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    • C04B35/00Shaped ceramic products characterised by their composition; Ceramics compositions; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/622Forming processes; Processing powders of inorganic compounds preparatory to the manufacturing of ceramic products
    • C04B35/626Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B
    • C04B35/63Preparing or treating the powders individually or as batches ; preparing or treating macroscopic reinforcing agents for ceramic products, e.g. fibres; mechanical aspects section B using additives specially adapted for forming the products, e.g.. binder binders
    • C04B35/6303Inorganic additives
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    • C04B38/00Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof
    • C04B38/0038Porous mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramic ware; Preparation thereof by superficial sintering or bonding of particulate matter
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    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/32Metal oxides, mixed metal oxides, or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3205Alkaline earth oxides or oxide forming salts thereof, e.g. beryllium oxide
    • C04B2235/3208Calcium oxide or oxide-forming salts thereof, e.g. lime
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    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/3427Silicates other than clay, e.g. water glass
    • C04B2235/3463Alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. mullite
    • C04B2235/3481Alkaline earth metal alumino-silicates other than clay, e.g. cordierite, beryl, micas such as margarite, plagioclase feldspars such as anorthite, zeolites such as chabazite
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    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/34Non-metal oxides, non-metal mixed oxides, or salts thereof that form the non-metal oxides upon heating, e.g. carbonates, nitrates, (oxy)hydroxides, chlorides
    • C04B2235/349Clays, e.g. bentonites, smectites such as montmorillonite, vermiculites or kaolines, e.g. illite, talc or sepiolite
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    • C04B2235/02Composition of constituents of the starting material or of secondary phases of the final product
    • C04B2235/30Constituents and secondary phases not being of a fibrous nature
    • C04B2235/44Metal salt constituents or additives chosen for the nature of the anions, e.g. hydrides or acetylacetonate
    • C04B2235/449Organic acids, e.g. EDTA, citrate, acetate, oxalate
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    • C04B2235/70Aspects relating to sintered or melt-casted ceramic products
    • C04B2235/96Properties of ceramic products, e.g. mechanical properties such as strength, toughness, wear resistance

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick and preparation method thereof, it is characterised in that includes the raw material of following parts by weight:50 70 parts of particles of aggregates, 5 10 parts of mineral admixture, 36 parts of inorganic binder, 0.1 1 parts of swelling agent, 0.1 1 parts of color stuffing, the particles of aggregates include ceramic particle and shale particle, and the weight ratio of ceramic particle and shale particle is 78:2‑3;The mineral admixture is the mixture of calcining metakaolin powder, silicon ash and granulated blast-furnace slag, and the weight ratio of calcining metakaolin powder, silicon ash and granulated blast-furnace slag is 5:3‑4:1‑2.The high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick of the present invention has high permeability rate, intensity height, wearability is good, construction is convenient, the function also with water storage and moisture releasing damping, can alleviate excessive rainfall to the pressure of urban pavement for road surface and reduce urban surface temperature.

Description

High permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The invention belongs to building material technical field, is applied to more particularly to one kind in pavement, shopping mall and park The high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick in the field such as road, open parking ground, the ground of garden and street lane, public square and its preparation side Method.
Background technology
Water resource has turned into the determinant of national sustainable development, the highdensity population of modern city and intensive Groups of building, caused city hardening, this is referred to as in " artificial desert " on ecology.With adding for Development of Urbanization speed Garden of play, either pavement, street, square, or residential quarters etc., road surface is mostly using granite, cement, glazed tile Mat formation Deng closed structure, urban water-through ability is but weakening.Urban surface is progressively by building and various concrete etc. Water preventing ability material is covered, and waterproof regional percentage is significantly increasing, and its coverage rate of some areas is more than %.Namely Say, the surface covering in city is increasingly severe, and the drain function in city is more and more lower.Fluid-tightly in face of urban environment Harm is very big.Heavy rains are met in many cities one, its rainwater on road surface can not quick seepage, row can only be worked as by pumping equipment draining When drainage facility is not smooth, it is easy to cause urban waterlogging.One of trace it to its cause and urban ground is waterproof there are much relations.City road Face is mostly now pitch, cement and azulejo road surface.Because these road surfaces are waterproof, rainwater formed ponding be difficult to smoothly it is descending, directly Connect and penetrate under earth's surface.In addition, rainwater is lost in from road surface or is caused urban ground to dry by solar evaporation, again order, aggravated city Poplar dirt pollutes.Simultaneously as closure, which is mated formation, has blocked the exchange of earth's surface aqueous vapor, the groundwater resources in city can not be entered in time Row effectively supplement, greatly reduces self-restraint power of the earth's surface to rainwater, deteriorates afforestation vegetation environment, cause under Urban ecological benefit Drop, aggravates the urban heat land effect of summer, city temperature rise, influences quality of life of the people in city.
In order to solve the above problems, in the market is proposed permeable brick product.Ceramic water-permeable brick is with its many excellent performance Gradually received by people, it has been widely used in the scopes such as square, pavement, cell pavement, garden architecture at present.Pottery The use of porcelain water-permeable brick, while beautifying the environment, natural storage capacity is recovered, has prevented depletion of groundwater;Improve vegetation Living environment;Atmospheric humidity is adjusted, purifies air, recovers the water circulation system of earth's surface.But existing ceramic water-permeable brick production Complex process, the high ceramic water-permeable brick permeability rate of intensity are low;Otherwise the permeability rate of ceramic water-permeable brick just is improved to reduce intensity, And wearability is poor.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of permeability rate is high, intensity is high, wearability is good, construction is convenient, and with water storage with High permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick of the function of moisture releasing damping and preparation method thereof, the high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick are used for road surface energy Alleviate excessive rainfall to the pressure of urban pavement and reduce urban surface temperature.
What the present invention was realized in:
A kind of high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following parts by weight:Particles of aggregates 50-70 parts, Mineral admixture 5-10 parts, inorganic binder 3-6 parts, swelling agent 0.1-1 parts, color stuffing 0.1-1 parts, the particles of aggregates include The weight ratio of ceramic particle and shale particle, ceramic particle and shale particle is 7-8:2-3;
The mineral admixture for calcining metakaolin powder, silicon ash and granulated blast-furnace slag mixture, calcining metakaolin powder, Silicon ash and the weight of granulated blast-furnace slag ratio are 5:3-4:1-2.
Further preferably, the particle diameter of the particles of aggregates is 5-40 mesh, wherein, 5-10 mesh accounts for 10%, 11-20 mesh and accounts for 45%, 21-30 mesh accounts for 30%, 31-40 mesh and accounts for 15%.
Further preferably, the preparation method of the ceramic particle is first to crush feldspar and Ceramic Tiles waste material, pulverize Clay is added after shape and appropriate water is well mixed, then will carry out granulation in mixture feeding comminutor forms spherical particle, Spherical particle is sintered again, ceramic particle is made;The weight ratio of the feldspar, Ceramic Tiles waste material and clay is 1:1:0.1.
Further preferably, the preparation method of the shale particle for first shale is crushed, be ground into powdery after add clay It is well mixed with appropriate water, then mixture is sent into and carries out granulation in comminutor and forms spherical particle, then by spherical particle It is sintered, shale particle is made;The weight ratio of the shale and clay is 1:0.1.
Further preferably, metakaolin is is crushed, is ground into powdery by the calcining metakaolin powder, and adds sodium sulphate It is put into after well mixed in calcining furnace, calcining metakaolin powder, the addition of sodium sulphate is made after being calcined 6 hours at 900 DEG C For the 10% of metakaolin powder.
Further preferably, the inorganic binder is by bentonite, desulfurated plaster, aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, magnesia and zirconium oxide Mix, bentonite, desulfurated plaster, aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, the weight ratio of magnesia and zirconium oxide are 10:5:2:1:0.5.
Further preferably, the swelling agent is by ca aluminosilicate, bentonite, calcium carbonate, glucose sodium carbonate and surfactant It is made;The ca aluminosilicate, bentonite, calcium carbonate, glucose sodium carbonate, the weight ratio of surfactant are 2:2:1:0.5:0.2.
Further preferably, the color stuffing is metal packing or aqueous color paste.
The preparation method of the high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
(1)First particles of aggregates and mineral admixture are added in mixer and stirred, then adds inorganic binder, expansion Agent, color stuffing and appropriate water continue to stir 10-20 minutes, and the material being stirred is fitted into vibration hot pressing in permeable bricks die consolidates Chemical conversion type, it is stripped after 24 hours, obtains ceramic water-permeable brick base substrate;
(2)4-5 hours are sintered at 600-1200 DEG C by being sent into after ceramic water-permeable brick body drying in sintering oven, are made high permeable Rate ceramic water-permeable brick.
Further preferably, ceramic water-permeable brick base substrate is first sintered 1 hour by described be sintered at 600-800 DEG C, then is heated up To 900-1000 DEG C of 1 hour of sintering, 1100-1200 DEG C of 2-3 hour of sintering is finally warming up to.
The prominent substantive distinguishing features of the present invention and significant progress are:
The particles of aggregates of the high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick of the present invention matches somebody with somebody level by science, the permeability rate of water-permeable brick is significantly greatly increased, thoroughly Water rate reaches more than 0.20cm/s, substitutes part ceramic particle using Ceramic Tiles waste material and shale particle, can be greatly reduced Cost, while the weight of water-permeable brick can be reduced, strengthen water-permeable brick intensity and skid resistance, compression strength reach more than 35Mpa;Addition Mineral admixture and swelling agent can significantly improve the processing characteristics of water-permeable brick, improve the compression strength of water-permeable brick, reduce saturating The shrinkage and corrosion resistance of water brick.
Embodiment
The present invention is made the following instructions with reference to embodiment.
Embodiment 1
The raw material of high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick is as follows(Count in parts by weight):
50 parts of particles of aggregates, 5 parts of mineral admixture, 3 parts of inorganic binder, 0.1 part of swelling agent, 0.1 part of color stuffing, the aggregate Particle includes ceramic particle and shale particle, and the weight ratio of ceramic particle and shale particle is 7:2;
The mineral admixture for calcining metakaolin powder, silicon ash and granulated blast-furnace slag mixture, calcining metakaolin powder, Silicon ash and the weight of granulated blast-furnace slag ratio are 5:3:1.
Preparation method:
(1)First particles of aggregates and mineral admixture are added in mixer and stirred, then adds inorganic binder, expansion Agent, color stuffing and appropriate water continue to stir 10-20 minutes, and the material being stirred is fitted into vibration hot pressing in permeable bricks die consolidates Chemical conversion type, it is stripped after 24 hours, obtains ceramic water-permeable brick base substrate;
(2)4-5 hours are sintered at 600-1200 DEG C by being sent into after ceramic water-permeable brick body drying in sintering oven, are made high permeable Rate ceramic water-permeable brick;Ceramic water-permeable brick base substrate is first sintered 1 hour by described be sintered at 600-800 DEG C, then is warming up to 900- 1000 DEG C of 1 hours of sintering, finally it is warming up to 1100-1200 DEG C of 2-3 hour of sintering.
Embodiment 2
The raw material of high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick is as follows(Count in parts by weight):
60 parts of particles of aggregates, 6 parts of mineral admixture, 4 parts of inorganic binder, 0.3 part of swelling agent, 0.3 part of color stuffing, the aggregate Particle includes ceramic particle and shale particle, and the weight ratio of ceramic particle and shale particle is 7:3;
The mineral admixture for calcining metakaolin powder, silicon ash and granulated blast-furnace slag mixture, calcining metakaolin powder, Silicon ash and the weight of granulated blast-furnace slag ratio are 5:3:2.
The preparation method of the high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick of the above is the same as embodiment 1.
Embodiment 3
The raw material of high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick is as follows(Count in parts by weight):
65 parts of particles of aggregates, 8 parts of mineral admixture, 5 parts of inorganic binder, 0.6 part of swelling agent, 0.6 part of color stuffing, the aggregate Particle includes ceramic particle and shale particle, and the weight ratio of ceramic particle and shale particle is 8:2;
The mineral admixture for calcining metakaolin powder, silicon ash and granulated blast-furnace slag mixture, calcining metakaolin powder, Silicon ash and the weight of granulated blast-furnace slag ratio are 5:4:1.
The preparation method of the high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick of the above is the same as embodiment 1.
Embodiment 4
The raw material of high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick is as follows(Count in parts by weight):
70 parts of particles of aggregates, 10 parts of mineral admixture, 6 parts of inorganic binder, 1 part of swelling agent, 1 part of color stuffing, the aggregate Grain includes ceramic particle and shale particle, and the weight ratio of ceramic particle and shale particle is 8:3;
The mineral admixture for calcining metakaolin powder, silicon ash and granulated blast-furnace slag mixture, calcining metakaolin powder, Silicon ash and the weight of granulated blast-furnace slag ratio are 5:3:2.
The preparation method of the high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick of the above is the same as embodiment 1.
Application Example
Using high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick made from 1-4 of the embodiment of the present invention, the length and width of obtained high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick Height is 40*30*30cm, carries out performance measurement according to JC/T 945-2005 requirement, testing result is as follows:

Claims (10)

1. a kind of high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick, it is characterised in that include the raw material of following parts by weight:Particles of aggregates 50-70 Part, mineral admixture 5-10 parts, inorganic binder 3-6 parts, swelling agent 0.1-1 parts, color stuffing 0.1-1 parts, the particles of aggregates Including ceramic particle and shale particle, the weight ratio of ceramic particle and shale particle is 7-8:2-3;
The mineral admixture for calcining metakaolin powder, silicon ash and granulated blast-furnace slag mixture, calcining metakaolin powder, Silicon ash and the weight of granulated blast-furnace slag ratio are 5:3-4:1-2.
2. high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The particle diameter of the particles of aggregates is 5- 40 mesh, wherein, 5-10 mesh, which accounts for 10%, 11-20 mesh and accounts for 45%, 21-30 mesh and account for 30%, 31-40 mesh, accounts for 15%.
3. high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The preparation method of the ceramic particle , then will mixing to add clay after feldspar and Ceramic Tiles waste material first to be crushed to, be ground into powdery and appropriate water is well mixed Granulation is carried out in thing feeding comminutor and forms spherical particle, then spherical particle is sintered, and ceramic particle is made;The length The weight ratio of stone, Ceramic Tiles waste material and clay is 1:1:0.1.
4. high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The preparation method of the shale particle Clay is added after powdery and appropriate water is well mixed, mixture is then sent into comminutor first to crush, being ground into by shale In carry out granulation and form spherical particle, then spherical particle is sintered, shale particle is made;The weight of the shale and clay Than for 1:0.1.
5. high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The calcining metakaolin powder is will Metakaolin crushes, is ground into powdery, and adds after sodium sulphate is well mixed and be put into calcining furnace, is calcined 6 hours at 900 DEG C Calcining metakaolin powder is made afterwards, the addition of sodium sulphate is the 10% of metakaolin powder.
6. high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The inorganic binder is by swelling Soil, desulfurated plaster, aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, magnesia and zirconium oxide mix, bentonite, desulfurated plaster, aluminium dihydrogen phosphate, oxidation The weight of magnesium and zirconium oxide ratio is 10:5:2:1:0.5.
7. high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The swelling agent by ca aluminosilicate, Bentonite, calcium carbonate, glucose sodium carbonate and surfactant are made;The ca aluminosilicate, bentonite, calcium carbonate, glucose carbonic acid Sodium, the weight ratio of surfactant are 2:2:1:0.5:0.2.
8. high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The color stuffing be metal packing or Aqueous color paste.
9. the preparation method of high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1)First particles of aggregates and mineral admixture are added in mixer and stirred, then adds inorganic binder, expansion Agent, color stuffing and appropriate water continue to stir 10-20 minutes, and the material being stirred is fitted into vibration hot pressing in permeable bricks die consolidates Chemical conversion type, it is stripped after 24 hours, obtains ceramic water-permeable brick base substrate;
(2)4-5 hours are sintered at 600-1200 DEG C by being sent into after ceramic water-permeable brick body drying in sintering oven, are made high permeable Rate ceramic water-permeable brick.
10. the preparation method of high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:It is described to be sintered to Ceramic water-permeable brick base substrate is first sintered into 1 hour at 600-800 DEG C, then is warming up to 900-1000 DEG C of 1 hour of sintering, is finally risen Warm to 1100-1200 DEG C 2-3 hour of sintering.
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108341686A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-07-31 合肥慧林建材有限公司 A kind of high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick of high intensity and preparation method thereof
CN110028334A (en) * 2019-03-20 2019-07-19 广西大学 A kind of ecology damping brick and preparation method thereof

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH10194818A (en) * 1997-01-13 1998-07-28 Masao Sato Production of high strength water permeable concrete
CN106045416A (en) * 2016-05-30 2016-10-26 山东金艺园林股份有限公司 Environment-friendly high-strength permeable brick
CN106854060A (en) * 2016-12-26 2017-06-16 长春市城市快速路管理维护有限责任公司 A kind of ecological permeable bricks and preparation method thereof
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CN108341686A (en) * 2018-04-26 2018-07-31 合肥慧林建材有限公司 A kind of high permeability rate ceramic water-permeable brick of high intensity and preparation method thereof
CN110028334A (en) * 2019-03-20 2019-07-19 广西大学 A kind of ecology damping brick and preparation method thereof

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