Multi-faceted rotary fixture
The present invention relates to machining equipment technical fields, in particular to one kind can be in z-axis, x-axis and y-axis multiple directions
The tooling for being used to fix product of upper rotation.
The mechanical processing process of metal product usually requires multiple working procedure, such as machining of preceding processing procedure and the throwing of rear processing procedure
Light, wire drawing are sandblasted with deburring etc..Have some shell metalloid products add man-hour requirement to polish its shape complete cycle,
Wire drawing and deburring, such as Watchcase or phone housing etc..Since the excessive angle of these shell class products is more, and due to machine
Tool processing is excessively inflexible, is unable to flexible, processing dead angle, especially wrist-watch occurs so as to cause certain positions in product
Nei Sheng ear position on shell etc. needs multi-faceted rotation and is not easy to realize the difficult working position of processing, with equipment such as manipulators
When operation, manipulator cannot control machined surface well position degree, cause product processing consistency poor, processing quality is low, nothing
Method meets the appearance requirement of product.
Summary of the invention
For disadvantages described above, the object of the present invention is to provide a kind of multi-faceted rotary fixture, this multi-faceted rotary fixture energy
Enough realize the rotation in z-axis, x-axis and y-axis multiple directions, clamped one time can be achieved with the processing of each position of product, save
The loading and unloading time protects the appearance of product not to be scratched, while ensure that the precision of tolerance, and processing consistency is good, improves
The processing quality of product, so that product can satisfy the requirement of appearance.
To achieve the goals above, the technical scheme is that
A kind of multi-faceted rotary fixture, including pedestal are equipped with the rotating block that can be rotated around z-axis, institute on the pedestal
It states and is fixed with y-axis rotating mechanism on rotating block；The y-axis rotating mechanism includes the support tube that can be rotated around y-axis, the support
X-axis rotating mechanism is installed on cylinder；The x-axis rotating mechanism includes the rotating cylinder being rotatably installed in the support tube, described
The both ends of rotating cylinder are pierced by the support tube, and one end of the rotating cylinder is equipped with the support cylinder for fixing product, the rotation
The other end of rotating cylinder is equipped with the snap component that can be rotated with rotating cylinder described in stop；One end energy is installed in the rotating cylinder
It is enough inserted into and is exited the strut of the support cylinder, the support cylinder can be strutted and be fixed when the strut is inserted into the support cylinder
Wherein, the snap component includes the lantern ring covered on the rotating cylinder being located on the outside of the support tube, described
Radially installed has rotational sleeve on lantern ring, pull rod is slidably fitted in the rotational sleeve, one end of the pull rod is equipped with can
Multiple positioning that can be matched with the positioning bead are circumferentially equipped at intervals with across the positioning bead of the lantern ring, on the rotating cylinder
Slot；The other end of the pull rod, which is equipped with, can control the clamping button that the positioning bead was caught in and was detached from the locating slot.
Wherein, the end face that the rotational sleeve is not connected with the lantern ring is equipped with the card slot extended radially through, the card
Tight button is equipped with fixture block compatible with the card slot, and the pull rod can be at described turn after the fixture block is drawn out the card slot
Rotation in moving sleeve.
Wherein, one end that the rotational sleeve is connected with the lantern ring is equipped with mounting groove, the mounting groove and the card
The through-hole passed through for the pull rod is equipped between slot, the end that the pull rod is equipped with the positioning bead is equipped with the convex of circumferential projection
Block, the positioning bead are fixed on the convex block, on the pull rod between the convex block and the slot bottom of the mounting groove
It is arranged with elastic component.
Wherein, the rotational sleeve is equipped with the locating rod extended along x-axis, is fixed with limit assembly on the support tube,
The limit assembly includes radially-protruding two limited post along the support tube, the locating rod be located at two limited posts it
Wherein, the strut is threadedly coupled with the rotating cylinder, and the other end of the strut is equipped with rocking handle.
Wherein, the rotating cylinder is located at the end sleeve on the outside of the lantern ring equipped with positioning ring, and the positioning ring is equipped with fixed
Position hole correspond to the position of the location hole on the rotating cylinder equipped with the through-hole being connected with the location hole, the location hole
The dogbolt that end can be withstood on the strut is installed with the through-hole internal screw thread.
Wherein, the y-axis rotating mechanism includes the support base being fixed on the rotating block, is equipped on the support base
It is axial with the consistent rotation axis of y-axis, be fixed with connecting plate on the downside of the support tube, the connecting plate passes through the rotation axis turn
Dynamic to be mounted on the support base, the connecting plate is equipped with using the rotation axis as the arc-shaped limit hole in the center of circle, a locking screw
Bolt passes through the limit hole and is threaded on the support base.
Wherein, the z-axis rotating mechanism includes the axial direction and the consistent rotary shaft of z-axis being mounted on the base, described
One end of rotating block is mounted in the rotary shaft, and the other end of the rotating block is equipped with vertically leading across the rotating block
To part, it is half with the spacing between the rotary shaft and the guide part that the pedestal, which is equipped with using the rotary shaft as the center of circle,
The guide groove of diameter, the guide pad being located at below the rotating block on the guide part are slidably mounted in the guide groove.
Wherein, the notch size of the guide groove is less than the size at other positions, and the both ends of the guide groove are respectively installed
There is a locating part, the locating part includes the screw rod being vertically inserted into the guide groove, and the screw rod is located at the guide groove
Interior end is equipped with the latch segment that size is greater than the notch size, and the screw rod is located at the end thread outside the guide groove
It is connected with locking nut.
After above-mentioned technical proposal, the beneficial effects of the present invention are:
Since the multi-faceted rotary fixture of the present invention includes pedestal, the rotating block that can be rotated around z-axis is installed on pedestal, is turned
Y-axis rotating mechanism is fixed on motion block；Y-axis rotating mechanism includes the support tube that can be rotated around y-axis, is equipped with x on support tube
Axis rotating mechanism；X-axis rotating mechanism includes the rotating cylinder being rotatably installed in support tube, and one end of rotating cylinder is equipped with support cylinder,
The other end of rotating cylinder is equipped with the snap component that can be rotated with stop rotating cylinder；One end is installed to be inserted into rotating cylinder
With the strut for exiting support cylinder, support cylinder can be strutted when strut is inserted into support cylinder.Carrying out product (by taking watchcase as an example) processing
When, watchcase is covered on support cylinder, strut is inserted into support cylinder and struts support cylinder, to watchcase is fixed on support cylinder, then
According to the different around y-axis rotational support cylinder of product type, so that Liang Neisheng ear position to be processed is placed exactly in process equipment
In the range of work, then rotating block is made to carry out back rotation around z-axis, it will be able to complete the processing of two Nei Shenger of side, the two of this side
Nei Shenger, will be raw in two of the other side after processing is completed around x-axis (axial direction for defining rotating cylinder is x-axis direction) rotation rotating cylinder
Ear goes to Working position and is processed.By the above-mentioned course of work it is found that the multi-faceted rotary fixture of the present invention can be realized x-axis, y
The rotation of three axis, z-axis directions, clamped one time product can be realized as the processing of four Nei Shenger of watchcase, with prior art phase
Than having the advantage that
One, the number for reducing loading and unloading saves the loading and unloading time, improves production efficiency, avoids product because more
Secondary loading and unloading and the risk being scratched, protect the appearance of product；
Two, it ensure that tolerance grade, processing consistency is good, improves the processing quality of product, improves the yield of product；
Three, it can be applicable in the product of a variety of different model sizes, it is versatile；
To solve the Multidirectional-moving of the positions not easy to be processed such as inside small area, difficulty of processing is reduced, is improved
Processing efficiency and product yield, so that product can satisfy the requirement of appearance.
In conclusion the multi-faceted rotary fixture of the present invention solves the technologies such as inside small area in the prior art is not easy to be processed
Problem, the multi-faceted rotary fixture of the present invention can be realized the rotation in z-axis, x-axis and y-axis multiple directions, and clamped one time can be real
The processing of the existing each position of product, improves production efficiency, simultaneous processing consistency is good, improves the processing quality of product, makes
Obtaining product can satisfy the requirement of appearance.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the decomposition texture schematic diagram of the multi-faceted rotary fixture of the present invention；
Fig. 2 is the constitutional diagram of Fig. 1；
Fig. 3 is the z-axis of the multi-faceted rotary fixture of the present invention and the structural schematic diagram of y-axis rotating mechanism；
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the z-axis rotating mechanism of the multi-faceted rotary fixture of the present invention；
Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of Fig. 1 support bar assembly；
Fig. 6 is the structural schematic diagram of x-axis rotating mechanism in Fig. 1；
In figure: 10, pedestal, 12, guide groove, 14, locating part, 140, screw rod, 142, locking nut, 144, latch segment, 16,
Mounting groove, 20, z-axis rotating mechanism, 22, bearing, 24, rotary shaft, 26, rotating block, 260, mounting hole, 28, fixing bolt, 29,
Guide part, 290, guide pad, 292, screw rod, 294, adjusting nut, 30, y-axis rotating mechanism, 32, support base, 34, support tube,
36, connecting plate, 360, limit hole, 38, clamping screw, 39, rotation axis, 40, x-axis rotating mechanism, 42, rotating cylinder, 420, connection
Seat, 422, locating slot, 44, lantern ring, 440, via hole, 46, snap component, 460, positioning bead, 462, spring, 463, convex block, 464,
Clamping button, 4640, fixture block, 465, pull rod, 466, rotational sleeve, 4660, card slot, 4662, locating rod, 4664, mounting groove, 47,
Stop collar, 470, limited post, 52, strut, 520, mounting hole, 54, fixed ring, 540, pin hole, 55, plunger, 560, crank, 562,
Handle, 58, positioning ring, 580, location hole, 59, dogbolt, 60, support cylinder, 62, product fixed part, 620, crack.
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, the present invention is further explained.
Orientation shown in attached drawing is subject in the orientation being related in this specification, only represents opposite positional relationship, not generation
The absolute positional relationship of table.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of multi-faceted rotary fixture, including pedestal 10, z-axis rotating mechanism 20, z is installed on pedestal 10
Axis rotating mechanism includes the rotating block 26 that can be rotated around z-axis, is equipped with y-axis rotating mechanism 30 on rotating block 26.Y-axis rotating machine
Structure 30 includes the support tube 34 that can be rotated around y-axis, is equipped with x-axis transshipment acitivity 40 on support tube 34.X-axis rotating mechanism includes
The rotating cylinder 42 being rotatably installed in support tube 34, the both ends of rotating cylinder 42 are pierced by support tube 34, one end peace of rotating cylinder 42
Equipped with the support cylinder 60 for the fixed product of clamping, the other end of rotating cylinder 42 is equipped with the card that can be rotated with stop rotating cylinder 42
Buckle assembly 46.The strut 52 that one end was inserted into and exited support cylinder 60 is installed, strut 52 is inserted into support cylinder 60 in rotating cylinder 42
The product fixed part 62 for supportting cylinder 60 can be strutted when interior, to fix product (in present embodiment by taking watchcase as an example).
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 4 jointly shown in, in present embodiment pedestal 10 be semicircular structure, the rotation of z-axis rotating mechanism 20
Axis 24 is mounted vertically in the center location of pedestal 10, and pedestal 10 is equipped with mounting groove 16, is equipped with bearing 22 in mounting groove 16, revolves
Shaft 24 is rotatably installed in bearing 22, and the axial direction of rotary shaft 24 is consistent with z-axis.One end of rotating block 26 is mounted on rotary shaft 24
On, the end of rotating block 26 is equipped with upper and lower perforative through-hole, and rotary shaft 24 is located in the through-hole, on the end end face of rotating block 26
Equipped with the threaded hole that a horizontal direction extends, which communicates with through-hole, and fixing bolt 28, fixed spiral shell are equipped in threaded hole
Bolt 28 is withstood in rotary shaft 24, so that rotating block 26 and rotary shaft 24 are fixed together, guarantees that the two can rotate synchronously, can
It prevents from relatively rotating therebetween.
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 4 jointly shown in, the other end of rotating block 26 is equipped with guide part 29, and guide part 29 includes vertical spiral shell
Line connection and the screw rod 292 for passing through rotating block 26, the end that screw rod 292 is located at 26 downside of rotating block are equipped with guide pad 290, spiral shell
The position that bar 292 is located at the upside of rotating block 26 is threaded with adjusting nut 294, adjusting nut 294 be it is butterfly-like, be adjusted and turn
Motion block 26 and height, guarantee a horizontality at rotating block 26, so that rotating block 26 rotates more smooth, and adjust more
It is convenient.Pedestal 10 is equipped with guide groove 12, and it is the center of circle that guide groove 12, which is with rotary shaft 24, with rotary shaft 24 between guide part 29
Linear distance be radius semi-circular groove, guide pad 290 is located in guide groove 12, can guarantee and rotates when rotating block 26 rotates
Stationarity, be conducive to improve processing quality and processing consistency.
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 4 jointly shown in, the both ends of guide groove 12 are respectively equipped with a locating part 14.Guide groove 12 is convex slot,
That is the notch size of guide groove 12 size that is less than other positions, notch size is adapted with the size of screw rod 292, leads
It is greater than the size of notch to the size of block 290, is stuck in guide groove 12.The structure of locating part 14 and the structure one of guide part 29
It causes, including the screw rod 140 being vertically inserted into guide groove 12, screw rod 140 is located at the end in guide groove 12 and is greater than slot equipped with size
The latch segment 144 of finish dimensional, the end thread that screw rod 140 is located at outside guide groove 12 are connected with locking nut 142, locking nut
142 be butterfly shape.Such structure of locating part 14 can very easily adjust position of the locating part 14 on guide groove 12, can root
The stroke for changing rotating block 26 according to the processing request of different product, using more convenient, versatility is stronger.
Common shown as shown in Figure 1, Figure 3 and Figure 4, the middle part of rotating block 26 is equipped with the installation for installing y-axis rotating mechanism 30
Hole 260, y-axis rotating mechanism 30 are fixed on rotating block 26 by fastener.Y-axis rotating mechanism 30 includes being fixed on rotating block 26
On support base 32, support base 32 includes pedestal and the vertical plate that is vertically provided on pedestal, is equipped with axial direction and y-axis one on vertical plate
The rotation axis 39 of cause is rotatably equipped with connecting plate 36 in rotation axis 39, and connecting plate 36 is also vertically arranged, is bonded with vertical plate sliding,
The middle part of connecting plate 36 is connect with rotation axis 39, i.e., connecting plate 36 is rotatably installed on support base 32 by rotation axis 39.Support
Cylinder 34 is fixedly mounted on the upper end of connecting plate 36, and the extending direction of support tube 34 is vertical with rotation axis 39, is located on connecting plate 36
It is the arc-shaped limit hole 360 in the center of circle that the position of 39 lower section of rotation axis, which is equipped with rotation axis 39, and a clamping screw 38 passes through limit hole
It is threadedly coupled after 360 with the vertical plate of support base 32, plate 36 can be rotatablely connected around rotation axis 39 after unclamping clamping screw 38, thus
Change the position of support tube 34, adjusts in place locking locking stud 38 afterwards, support tube 34 is determined at the desired position.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Fig. 6 is jointly shown, and snap component 46 includes turning set in the rotating cylinder for being located at 34 outside of support tube
Lantern ring 44 on 42, radially installed has rotational sleeve 466 on lantern ring 44, and pull rod 465 is slidably fitted in rotational sleeve 466, draws
One end of bar 465 is equipped with positioning bead 460, and the position that positioning bead 460 is corresponded on lantern ring 44 is equipped with via hole 440, and positioning bead 460 can
Lantern ring 44 is passed through from via hole 440, circumferential be equipped at intervals at equal intervals multiple can match with positioning bead 460 on rotating cylinder 42
Locating slot 422, the other end of pull rod 465, which is equipped with, can control the clamping button that positioning bead 460 was caught in and was detached from locating slot 422
464.When positioning bead 460 is caught in locating slot 422, rotating cylinder 42 is structure as a whole with snap component 46, pushes rotational sleeve
466 it is mobile around the circumferential direction of rotating cylinder 42 when rotating cylinder 42 can rotate synchronously, when positioning bead 460 is detached from locating slot 422, rotating cylinder
42 are detached from snap component, even if the mobile rotating cylinder 42 of rotational sleeve 466 will not rotate, can carry out adding for product at this time
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 6 jointly shown in, the end face of one end that rotational sleeve 466 is not connected with lantern ring 44 is equipped with radial
Perforative card slot 4660, card slot 4660 are located at the center of end face, and clamping button 464 is equipped with card compatible with card slot 4660
Block 4640, pull rod 465 are fixed on fixture block 4640, and the width of card slot 4660 is slightly larger than the diameter of pull rod 465, and pull rod 465 is from card
The trench bottom of slot 4660 passes through.When fixture block 4640 is drawn out card slot 4660, pull rod 465 can rotate in rotational sleeve 466.
I.e. when fixture block 4640 is stuck in card slot 4660, positioning bead 460 is entrapped in locating slot 422, holds clamping button 464 for pull rod
465 are pulled outwardly, and after fixture block 4640 is pulled out out of card slot 4660, will clamping button 464 rotate 90 ° after unclamp clamping button 464, card
Block 4640 can be horizontal on two cell walls of card slot 4660, so that positioning bead 460 is detached from locating slot 422.
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 6 jointly shown in, one end that rotational sleeve 466 is connected with lantern ring 44 is equipped with mounting groove 4664, installation
The through-hole passed through for pull rod 465 is equipped between slot 4664 and card slot 4660, the end that pull rod 465 is equipped with positioning bead 460 is equipped with week
To the convex block 463 of protrusion, the diameter of mounting groove 4664 is slightly larger than the diameter of convex block 463, and convex block 463 can pacify with pull rod 52
Sliding, positioning bead 460 are fixed on convex block 463 in tankage 4664, the drawing between convex block 463 and the slot bottom of mounting groove 4664
Elastic component is arranged on bar 465, the preferred elastic component of present embodiment is spring 462, and spring 462 is compressed spring.Work as positioning bead
460 when being caught in locating slot 422, and spring 462 can apply a thrust to positioning bead 460, can effectively prevent in rotating cylinder
Positioning bead 460 is deviate from out of locating slot 422 when 42 rotation, simultaneously, it is desirable to when positioning bead 460 is caught in locating slot 422, it is only necessary to
Clamping button 464 is rotated by 90 °, spring 462 will automatically retract pull rod 52, and manpower is no longer needed to promote pull rod 52
Row, more convenient operation.
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 jointly shown in, the side of rotational sleeve 466, which is equipped with, determines to the direction of support tube 34 along what x-axis extended
Position bar 4662, support tube 34 are equipped with limit assembly.Limit assembly includes being covered side by side in 34 end of support tube in present embodiment
Two stop collars 47, be respectively provided with a radially-protruding limited post 470 along support tube 34, two limited posts 470 on two stop collars 47
It shifts to install, locating rod 4662 is between two limited posts 470.Stop collar 47 uses the structure of clip in present embodiment,
Both ends hold up along the radial direction of support tube 34 and form limited post 470, Ci Zhongjie by fastener fixation after on support tube 34
The stop collar of structure is easy to use, can it is very easily different according to the model of converted products and adjust between two limited posts 470 away from
From to adjust the rotational travel of rotating cylinder 42.
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 jointly shown in, rotating cylinder 42 is equipped with outer diameter with one end for being connected of support cylinder 60 and supports the internal diameter of cylinder 60
One end of compatible attachment base 420, support cylinder 60 is socketed on attachment base 420.The other end for supportting cylinder 60 is equipped with product fixed part
62, on product fixed part 62 it is circumferential be equipped at equal intervals it is a plurality of extend by the center of circle and to the other end of support cylinder 60 crack 620,
Each item, which cracks, 620 to be divided entire product fixed part 62 for multiple sectorial blocks, can be made when strut 52 is inserted between each sectorial block
It obtains each sectorial block to expand outward, to fix the product covered in 62 side of product fixed part.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 and Fig. 5 is jointly shown, and strut 52 is threaded rod, and strut 52 is threadedly coupled with rotating cylinder 42, strut 52
The other end (one end i.e. far from support cylinder 60) be located at the outside of rotating cylinder 42, and rocking handle is installed, rocking handle includes and strut 52
The crank 560 of connection, the end of crank 560 are equipped with balanced handle 562, can by rotation rocking handle come control strut 52 insertion and
Support cylinder 60 is exited, to realize the loading and unloading of product.One end that crank 560 is not installed with handle in present embodiment is connected with solid
Determine ring 54, fixed ring 54 is equipped with a pin hole 540, and the end of strut 52 is equipped with mounting hole 520, and fixed ring 54 is by passing through pin hole
540 and the plunger 55 of mounting hole 520 be fixed on strut 52, so that rocking handle is fixed on strut 52.
As Fig. 1 and Fig. 2 jointly shown in, the end sleeve that rotating cylinder 42 is located at the outside of lantern ring 44 is equipped with positioning ring 58, positioning ring
58 are equipped with location hole 580, and the position that location hole 580 is corresponded on rotating cylinder 42 is equipped with the through-hole communicated with location hole 580 (in figure
It is not shown), location hole 580 and through-hole internal screw thread are equipped with dogbolt 59, and the end of dogbolt 59 can withstand on strut 52
On.It is strutted and when clamping fixes product when strut 52 will support cylinder 60, dogbolt 59 can be screwed in location hole 580 and withstand on support
On bar 52, it so that strut 52 be fixed, can prevent it from continuing to rotate, can guarantee the reliability of product clamping.
Only the multi-faceted rotary fixture of the present invention is carried out by taking four Nei Shenger for processing watchcase as an example in above-described embodiment
Detailed elaboration, multi-faceted rotary fixture of the invention is used not only for the processing of watchcase in practice, be applicable to any
A kind of annular products needing to carry out multi-faceted processing.
The multi-faceted rotary fixture of the present invention can be realized the rotation in z-axis, x-axis and y-axis multiple directions, and it is small to solve inside
The problem of area is difficult to, clamped one time can be achieved with the processing of each position of product, save the loading and unloading time, protect
The appearance of product is not scratched, while ensure that the precision of tolerance, and processing consistency is good, is improved the processing quality of product, is made
Obtaining product can satisfy the requirement of appearance.
The present invention is not limited to above-mentioned specific embodiment, those skilled in the art from the above idea,
Without creative labor, the various transformation made are within the scope of the present invention.