CN107724696A - Exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block highly stays difference method - Google Patents

Exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block highly stays difference method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107724696A
CN107724696A CN201711195136.2A CN201711195136A CN107724696A CN 107724696 A CN107724696 A CN 107724696A CN 201711195136 A CN201711195136 A CN 201711195136A CN 107724696 A CN107724696 A CN 107724696A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cushion block
difference
exterior
highly
stays
Prior art date
Application number
CN201711195136.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张剑
唐芬
谭新明
李海波
龙坪峰
蔡智腾
朱换良
Original Assignee
泰安市联强远大住宅工业有限公司
长沙远大住宅工业集团股份有限公司
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 泰安市联强远大住宅工业有限公司, 长沙远大住宅工业集团股份有限公司 filed Critical 泰安市联强远大住宅工业有限公司
Priority to CN201711195136.2A priority Critical patent/CN107724696A/en
Publication of CN107724696A publication Critical patent/CN107724696A/en

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04GSCAFFOLDING; FORMS; SHUTTERING; BUILDING IMPLEMENTS OR OTHER BUILDING AIDS, OR THEIR USE; HANDLING BUILDING MATERIALS ON THE SITE; REPAIRING, BREAKING-UP OR OTHER WORK ON EXISTING BUILDINGS
    • E04G21/00Preparing, conveying, or working-up building materials or building elements in situ; Other devices or measures for constructional work
    • E04G21/14Conveying or assembling building elements
    • E04G21/16Tools or apparatus
    • E04G21/18Adjusting tools; Templates
    • E04G21/1841Means for positioning building parts or elements
    • E04G21/1883Spacers, e.g. to have a constant spacing between courses of masonry

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block highly to stay difference method, and it includes upper member, lower member and cushion block, comprises the following steps that:1)Upper member lifts in advance, stops after upper member is lifted to above lower member;2)Cushion block is placed and adjustment, and several cushion blocks are placed on lower member, and the height of middle cushion block is less than the cushion block at both ends;3)Upper member lifting is in place, and upper member is fallen and is placed on cushion block;4)Upper member position adjustment, the placement location of upper member is adjusted to predeterminated position and overlapped.This method can ensure that upper member and lower member can be installed fast and accurately, and be rocked after can preventing upper member in place because of " See-saw effect ".

Description

Exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block highly stays difference method

Technical field

The present invention relates to construction installation adjusting method, is highly stayed more particularly, to a kind of exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block Difference method.

Background technology

In assembled architecture installation, it is often necessary to carry out on-site hoisting to components such as wallboard, crossbeams, it is general these Component is all to adjust its flatness and levelness by placing pad, when the span of component is larger, it is necessary to multigroup pad To provide enough support strengths.But because the bottom of component can typically have fabrication error, when the middle part phase of bottom plate Both ends are protruded, and all pads height it is all identical when, protruding parts, which are supported on pad, may result in quilt in the middle part of component Jack up and produce " See-saw effect ", have a strong impact on the stability and fastness of component installation.

The content of the invention

The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is:Overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, there is provided a kind of exterior wall cladding lifts cushion block Difference method is highly stayed, this method can ensure that upper member and lower member can be installed fast and accurately, and can prevent Rocked after upper member is in place because of " See-saw effect ".

The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:A kind of exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block highly stays difference side Method, including upper member, lower member and cushion block, are comprised the following steps that:

1)Upper member lifts in advance, stops after upper member is lifted to above lower member;

2)Cushion block is placed and adjustment, and several cushion blocks are placed on lower member, and the height of middle cushion block is less than the cushion block at both ends;

3)Upper member lifting is in place, and upper member is fallen and is placed on cushion block;

4)Upper member position adjustment, the placement location of upper member is adjusted to predeterminated position and overlapped.

Specifically, the upper member is the prefabricated components such as dry wall, precast beam or precast floor slab, and it is in pre-production After the completion of, then lift to completion installation on lower member;The lower member is building element or the bases such as bottom surface, floor, beam, wallboard Plinth face.

By upper member lift to during lower member, it is necessary to be adjusted by the cushion block on lower member to the flatness of upper member Section, both sides cushion block is set lower than by the absolute altitude of middle spacer, is prevented because padded in the middle part of upper member lower end, and causes upper member to exist Teetertottered in installation process.

Further, step 1 is being carried out)Before or complete step 1)Afterwards, and step 2 is being carried out)Before, to upper member Positive and negative orientations checked, make its positive and negative orientations with it is default identical.

During lifting prepares and lifts by crane, easily the positive and negative of upper member is mistaken, therefore, it is necessary to done before in place Good check confirms that placement can not install or need to do over again after installing.

Further, in step 1)In, the lower end of the upper member is 20 ~ 50cm apart from the upper end of upper member.

Preferably, the distance is arranged to 50cm.When upper member is hovered, it is necessary to positive and negative orientations to upper member and under Cushion block on component carries out inspection confirmation, when the distance between upper member and lower member are excessive, upper member be difficult to it is fixed so as to Easily occur to swing and produce it is dangerous, when apart from it is too small when, can influence again cushion block inspection adjustment and it is possible that it is upper Component is overturn.

Further, in step 2)In, the height of middle cushion block is highly lower 1 ~ 2mm than the cushion block at both ends.Middle spacer mistake Height can make to be jacked up among upper member, and make its placement unstable;And when middle spacer is highly too low, middle spacer just can not Play a supporting role.

Further, the cushion block is stacked by several points of cushion blocks and formed.

Preferably, the thickness for dividing cushion block is 1mm ~ 10mm, and the height of cushion block can be entered by increasing or reducing cushion block Row regulation.

Further, in step 4)In, the predeterminated position is the position line being arranged on lower member.By the way that upper member is put Put in the position line of lower member, to ensure the accurate positioning of upper member.

Further, the position line includes side line and end line.When setting position line, side line and end line are distinguished The side of corresponding upper member pre-placing position and end edge, when placing by by the side of upper member lower end and end edge and side line Alignd with end line, it is ensured that the installation site of upper member is not in deviation.

Further, it is provided with keeper on the outside of the position line.

Specifically, the keeper includes bottom plate and is arranged on the vertical panel of bottom plate side, during placement positioning part, vertically Plate flushes with the position line of predeterminated position, and bottom plate is located at the outside of predeterminated position.

Further, the lower end of the upper member and the upper end of lower member are provided with corresponding folding shape tongue and groove.Looked forward to by rolling over shape Mouth can make the positioning of upper member and lower member more accurate, and make the better tightness of joint face between the two.

Further, the cushion block is arranged on the upper end of folding shape tongue and groove, and the lower end of the folding shape tongue and groove is provided with drainage element.Will Cushion block sets folding shape tongue and groove upper end to ensure to play upper member good supporting role, and draining is set in folding shape tongue and groove lower end Part will can be arranged outside the ponding in floor.

A kind of exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block of the present invention highly stays the beneficial effect of difference method:Method provided by the invention can Ensure that upper member and lower member can be installed fast and accurately, and it is in place rear because " seesaw is imitated to prevent upper member Should " and rock.

Brief description of the drawings

The mounting structure schematic diagram of upper member, lower member and cushion block in Fig. 1-embodiment 1;

The mounting structure front view of upper member, lower member and cushion block in Fig. 2-embodiment 1;

The mounting structure schematic diagram of upper member, lower member and cushion block in Fig. 3-embodiment 2;

The mounting structure side view of upper member, lower member and cushion block in Fig. 4-embodiment 3.

In figure:1-upper member, 2-cushion block, 3-lower member, 4-keeper, 5-folding shape tongue and groove, 6-drainage element.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described.

Embodiment 1

Reference picture 1 ~ 2:

In the present embodiment, a kind of height of prefabricated part hanging cushion block 2 stays difference method, including upper member 1, lower member 3 and pad Block 2, is comprised the following steps that:

1)Upper member 1 lifts in advance, stops after upper member 1 is lifted into the top of lower member 3;

2)Cushion block 2 is placed and adjusted, and several cushion blocks 2 are placed on lower member 3, and the height of middle cushion block 2 is less than the pad at both ends Block 2;

3)Upper member 1 is lifted in place, and upper member 1 is fallen and is placed on cushion block 2;

4)The position adjustment of upper member 1, the placement location of upper member 1 is adjusted to predeterminated position and overlapped.

In the present invention, the upper member 1 is that prefabricated components, the upper members 1 such as dry wall, precast beam or precast floor slab exist After the completion of pre-production, then lift to completion installation on lower member 3;The lower member 3 is the building such as bottom surface, floor, beam, wallboard Component or base surface, lower member 3 can be prefabricated component or cast-in-place part;And the cushion block 2 on lower member 3 is played to upper member 1 support and leveling effect, both sides cushion block 2 is set lower than by the absolute altitude of middle spacer 2, is prevented because of quilt in the middle part of the lower end of upper member 1 It is padded, and cause upper member 1 to be teetertottered in installation process.

In step 1)In, the lower end of the upper member 1 is 50cm apart from the upper end of upper member 1.On the distance can ensure Component 1 will not be swung, and not interfere with the follow-up inspection work to cushion block 2.

Complete step 1)Afterwards, and step 2 is being carried out)Before, the positive and negative orientations of upper member 1 are checked, makes it just Anti- direction is identical with presetting.During transhipment and lifting, the positive and negative orientations of upper member 1 easily overturn, it is therefore desirable to lift again Before in place, alignment carries out inspection confirmation, and placement can not install or need to do over again.

In step 2)In, the height of middle cushion block 2 is highly lower 1 ~ 2mm than the cushion block 2 at both ends.2 too high meeting of middle spacer Make to be jacked up among upper member 1, and make its placement unstable;And when middle spacer 2 is highly too low, middle spacer 2 just can not Play a supporting role.

The cushion block 2 is stacked by several points of cushion blocks and formed, according to installation requirement, by the thickness of each point of cushion block be 1mm ~ 10mm, the height of cushion block 2 can be adjusted by increasing or reducing point cushion block.

In step 4)In, the predeterminated position is the position line being arranged on lower member 3.By the way that upper member 1 is placed on In the position line of lower member 3, to ensure the accurate positioning of upper member 1.

The position line includes side line and end line.When setting position line, side line and end line are corresponded to respectively The side of the pre-placing position of component 1 and end edge, when placing by by the side of the lower end of upper member 1 and end edge and side line and end Line aligns, it is ensured that the installation site of upper member 1 is not in deviation.

In the present embodiment, it may insure that upper member 1 can be under being arranged on of exactly by the height of adjust pad Be not in because of " See-saw effect " that middle part pad is too high and occurs on component 3.

Embodiment 2:

Reference picture 3:

Compared with Example 1, a kind of height of prefabricated part hanging cushion block 2 of the present embodiment stays difference method following difference to be present:

Keeper is provided with the outside of the position line with predeterminated position, the keeper includes bottom plate and is arranged on bottom plate side Vertical panel, during placement positioning part, vertical panel flushes with the position line of predeterminated position, and bottom plate is located at the outside of predeterminated position.

It is pointed out that the keeper can be made up of shaped steel such as angle steel, square steel, can also be by steel plate or other materials The sheet material welding of matter, it is bonded or is integrally formed and be made.

In the present embodiment, the placement positioning device by predeterminated position is passed through, it is ensured that upper member 1 is stable after in place Property, and ensure that upper member 1 will not be moved skew before by fixation.

Embodiment 3:

Reference picture 4:

Compared with embodiment 1 or 2, a kind of height of prefabricated part hanging cushion block 2 of the present embodiment stays difference method following difference to be present:

The upper end of the upper member 1 and the upper end of lower member 3 are provided with corresponding folding shape tongue and groove 5.It can be made by rolling over shape tongue and groove 5 The positioning of upper member 1 and lower member 3 is more accurate, and makes the better tightness of joint face between the two.

The cushion block 2 is arranged on the upper end of folding shape tongue and groove 5, and the lower end of the folding shape tongue and groove 5 is provided with drainage element 6.Will pad Block 2 sets the upper end of folding shape tongue and groove 5 to ensure to play upper member 1 good supporting role, and row is set in folding shape tongue and groove 5 lower end Water part 6 will can be arranged outside the ponding in floor.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block highly stays difference method, including upper member, lower member and cushion block, it is characterised in that Comprise the following steps that:
1)Upper member lifts in advance, stops after upper member is lifted to above lower member;
2)Cushion block is placed and adjustment, and several cushion blocks are placed on lower member, and the height of middle cushion block is less than the cushion block at both ends;
3)Upper member lifting is in place, and upper member is fallen and is placed on cushion block;
4)Upper member position adjustment, the placement location of upper member is adjusted to predeterminated position and overlapped.
2. exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block as claimed in claim 1 highly stays difference method, it is characterised in that:Carrying out step 1)Before Or complete step 1)Afterwards, and step 2 is being carried out)Before, the positive and negative orientations of upper member are checked, makes its positive and negative orientations It is identical with presetting.
3. exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block as claimed in claim 1 or 2 highly stays difference method, it is characterised in that:In step 1)In, institute It is 20 ~ 50cm that the lower end of upper member, which is stated, apart from the upper end of upper member.
4. exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block as claimed in claim 1 or 2 highly stays difference method, it is characterised in that:In step 2)In, in Between cushion block height it is highly lower 1 ~ 2mm than the cushion block at both ends.
5. exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block as claimed in claim 4 highly stays difference method, it is characterised in that:The cushion block is by several points Cushion block is stacked and formed, and the thickness for dividing cushion block is 1 ~ 10mm.
6. exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block as claimed in claim 1 or 2 highly stays difference method, it is characterised in that:In step 4)In, institute It is the position line being arranged on lower member to state predeterminated position.
7. exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block as claimed in claim 6 highly stays difference method, it is characterised in that:The position line includes side Sideline and end line.
8. exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block as claimed in claim 6 highly stays difference method, it is characterised in that:The outside of the position line It is provided with keeper.
9. exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block as claimed in claim 1 or 2 highly stays difference method, it is characterised in that:The upper member Upper end and the upper end of lower member are provided with corresponding folding shape tongue and groove.
10. exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block as claimed in claim 9 highly stays difference method, it is characterised in that:The cushion block is arranged on The upper end of shape tongue and groove is rolled over, the lower end of the folding shape tongue and groove is provided with drainage element.
CN201711195136.2A 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 Exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block highly stays difference method CN107724696A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711195136.2A CN107724696A (en) 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 Exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block highly stays difference method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711195136.2A CN107724696A (en) 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 Exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block highly stays difference method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107724696A true CN107724696A (en) 2018-02-23

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711195136.2A CN107724696A (en) 2017-11-24 2017-11-24 Exterior wall cladding lifting cushion block highly stays difference method

Country Status (1)

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Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201671189U (en) * 2010-06-08 2010-12-15 中国京冶工程技术有限公司 Rainwater seepage-preventing structure of precast concrete external wall panel
US8631628B1 (en) * 2011-02-25 2014-01-21 Clearview Composite Wall System, LLC Tilt-up concrete spandrel assemblies and methods
CN104594523A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-05-06 中南大学 Prestress splicing method for fabricated shear wall
CN205100550U (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-03-23 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Detachable no steel bar truss lifts by crane isolated plant

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201671189U (en) * 2010-06-08 2010-12-15 中国京冶工程技术有限公司 Rainwater seepage-preventing structure of precast concrete external wall panel
US8631628B1 (en) * 2011-02-25 2014-01-21 Clearview Composite Wall System, LLC Tilt-up concrete spandrel assemblies and methods
CN104594523A (en) * 2014-12-02 2015-05-06 中南大学 Prestress splicing method for fabricated shear wall
CN205100550U (en) * 2015-10-13 2016-03-23 中国十七冶集团有限公司 Detachable no steel bar truss lifts by crane isolated plant

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
台登红: "预制装配式混凝土外墙施工技术", 《建筑施工》 *

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