CN107724105A - 一种耐候防水帐篷用tpu复合材料的制备方法 - Google Patents

一种耐候防水帐篷用tpu复合材料的制备方法 Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107724105A
CN107724105A CN201710902615.7A CN201710902615A CN107724105A CN 107724105 A CN107724105 A CN 107724105A CN 201710902615 A CN201710902615 A CN 201710902615A CN 107724105 A CN107724105 A CN 107724105A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
tpu
weather
composite
composites
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710902615.7A
Other languages
English (en)
Other versions
CN107724105B (zh
Inventor
温同民
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Anhui Jiaming New Mstar Technology Ltd
Original Assignee
Anhui Jiaming New Mstar Technology Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Anhui Jiaming New Mstar Technology Ltd filed Critical Anhui Jiaming New Mstar Technology Ltd
Priority to CN201710902615.7A priority Critical patent/CN107724105B/zh
Publication of CN107724105A publication Critical patent/CN107724105A/zh
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107724105B publication Critical patent/CN107724105B/zh
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Classifications

    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N3/00Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof
    • D06N3/12Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof with macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. gelatine proteins
    • D06N3/14Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof with macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. gelatine proteins with polyurethanes
    • D06N3/142Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof with macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. gelatine proteins with polyurethanes mixture of polyurethanes with other resins in the same layer
    • D06N3/144Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof with macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds, e.g. gelatine proteins with polyurethanes mixture of polyurethanes with other resins in the same layer with polyurethane and polymerisation products, e.g. acrylics, PVC
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C09DYES; PAINTS; POLISHES; NATURAL RESINS; ADHESIVES; COMPOSITIONS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; APPLICATIONS OF MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • C09DCOATING COMPOSITIONS, e.g. PAINTS, VARNISHES OR LACQUERS; FILLING PASTES; CHEMICAL PAINT OR INK REMOVERS; INKS; CORRECTING FLUIDS; WOODSTAINS; PASTES OR SOLIDS FOR COLOURING OR PRINTING; USE OF MATERIALS THEREFOR
    • C09D175/00Coating compositions based on polyureas or polyurethanes; Coating compositions based on derivatives of such polymers
    • C09D175/04Polyurethanes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/32Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/36Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with oxygen, ozone, ozonides, oxides, hydroxides or percompounds; Salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond with oxides, hydroxides or mixed oxides; with salts derived from anions with an amphoteric element-oxygen bond
    • D06M11/38Oxides or hydroxides of elements of Groups 1 or 11 of the Periodic System
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/51Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with sulfur, selenium, tellurium, polonium or compounds thereof
    • D06M11/55Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with sulfur, selenium, tellurium, polonium or compounds thereof with sulfur trioxide; with sulfuric acid or thiosulfuric acid or their salts
    • D06M11/57Sulfates or thiosulfates of elements of Groups 3 or 13 of the Periodic System, e.g. alums
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M11/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising
    • D06M11/58Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with nitrogen or compounds thereof, e.g. with nitrides
    • D06M11/59Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, with inorganic substances or complexes thereof; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment, e.g. mercerising with nitrogen or compounds thereof, e.g. with nitrides with ammonia; with complexes of organic amines with inorganic substances
    • D06M11/60Ammonia as a gas or in solution
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N3/00Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof
    • D06N3/0002Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof characterised by the substrate
    • D06N3/0015Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof characterised by the substrate using fibres of specified chemical or physical nature, e.g. natural silk
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N3/00Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof
    • D06N3/0002Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof characterised by the substrate
    • D06N3/0015Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof characterised by the substrate using fibres of specified chemical or physical nature, e.g. natural silk
    • D06N3/0036Polyester fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N3/00Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof
    • D06N3/0056Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof characterised by the compounding ingredients of the macro-molecular coating
    • D06N3/0059Organic ingredients with special effects, e.g. oil- or water-repellent, antimicrobial, flame-resistant, magnetic, bactericidal, odour-influencing agents; perfumes
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N3/00Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof
    • D06N3/0056Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof characterised by the compounding ingredients of the macro-molecular coating
    • D06N3/0061Organic fillers or organic fibrous fillers, e.g. ground leather waste, wood bark, cork powder, vegetable flour; Other organic compounding ingredients; Post-treatment with organic compounds
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N3/00Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof
    • D06N3/0056Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof characterised by the compounding ingredients of the macro-molecular coating
    • D06N3/0063Inorganic compounding ingredients, e.g. metals, carbon fibres, Na2CO3, metal layers; Post-treatment with inorganic compounds
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N3/00Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof
    • D06N3/0086Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof characterised by the application technique
    • D06N3/0088Artificial leather, oilcloth or other material obtained by covering fibrous webs with macromolecular material, e.g. resins, rubber or derivatives thereof characterised by the application technique by directly applying the resin
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08KUse of inorganic or non-macromolecular organic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/00Use of inorganic substances as compounding ingredients
    • C08K3/18Oxygen-containing compounds, e.g. metal carbonyls
    • C08K3/20Oxides; Hydroxides
    • C08K3/22Oxides; Hydroxides of metals
    • C08K2003/2217Oxides; Hydroxides of metals of magnesium
    • C08K2003/2224Magnesium hydroxide
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2201/00Properties
    • C08L2201/08Stabilised against heat, light or radiation or oxydation
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C08ORGANIC MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS; THEIR PREPARATION OR CHEMICAL WORKING-UP; COMPOSITIONS BASED THEREON
    • C08LCOMPOSITIONS OF MACROMOLECULAR COMPOUNDS
    • C08L2205/00Polymer mixtures characterised by other features
    • C08L2205/03Polymer mixtures characterised by other features containing three or more polymers in a blend
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/02Natural fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/04Vegetal fibres
    • D06M2101/06Vegetal fibres cellulosic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/16Synthetic fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/30Synthetic polymers consisting of macromolecular compounds obtained otherwise than by reactions only involving carbon-to-carbon unsaturated bonds
    • D06M2101/32Polyesters
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2201/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads or yarns
    • D06N2201/04Vegetal fibres
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2201/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads or yarns
    • D06N2201/04Vegetal fibres
    • D06N2201/042Cellulose fibres, e.g. cotton
    • D06N2201/045Lignocellulosic fibres, e.g. jute, sisal, hemp, flax, bamboo
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2209/00Properties of the materials
    • D06N2209/12Permeability or impermeability properties
    • D06N2209/121Permeability to gases, adsorption
    • D06N2209/123Breathable
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2209/00Properties of the materials
    • D06N2209/12Permeability or impermeability properties
    • D06N2209/126Permeability to liquids, absorption
    • D06N2209/128Non-permeable
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2209/00Properties of the materials
    • D06N2209/16Properties of the materials having other properties
    • D06N2209/1671Resistance to bacteria, mildew, mould, fungi
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2209/00Properties of the materials
    • D06N2209/16Properties of the materials having other properties
    • D06N2209/1685Wear resistance
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06NWALL, FLOOR, OR LIKE COVERING MATERIALS, e.g. LINOLEUM, OILCLOTH, ARTIFICIAL LEATHER, ROOFING FELT, CONSISTING OF A FIBROUS WEB COATED WITH A LAYER OF MACROMOLECULAR MATERIAL; FLEXIBLE SHEET MATERIAL NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06N2209/00Properties of the materials
    • D06N2209/16Properties of the materials having other properties
    • D06N2209/1692Weather resistance

Abstract

本发明属于TPU复合材料技术领域,具体涉及一种耐候防水帐篷用TPU复合材料的制备方法,包括复合纤维基布用pH为7.8‑8.2的碱性溶液浸泡2‑4小时后,用温度为80‑90℃的远红外线烘干备用,然后在其表面涂布TPU复合胶层得到。本发明相比现有技术具有以下优点:本发明中利用多种不同性质的纤维复合混炼制备基部,所得基布具有更强的力学性能,同时能与TPU复合胶料有效复合,附着率高,性能稳定,生产工艺简单易控,所得帐篷用TPU复合材料具有良好的抗菌、耐候性,表面薄膜具有微多孔结构,湿阻抗小,同时具有优异的高透气性和防水能力,耐水压强,具有较强的耐磨性,有效延长复合材料的使用寿命。

Description

一种耐候防水帐篷用TPU复合材料的制备方法
技术领域
[0001] 本发明属于TPU复合材料技术领域,具体涉及一种耐候防水帐篷用TPU复合材料的 制备方法。
背景技术
[0002] 热塑性聚氨脂弹性体(TPU)是一种新型的各项性能优异的有机高分子合成材料, 具有优异的物理性能,特别是在复合材料领域中,应用广泛,具有广阔的市场前景;在野外 进行活动时,帐篷可以给人提供一个休息的场所,当遇到雨天、炎热天气时,还可以用于抵 抗暴雨和酷热,在这些相对极端的天气下,对帐篷材料的耐候性、防水性提出了更高的要 求,在正常使用过程中,同时,随着人们对生活用品的高品质追求,对帐篷材料的耐磨性、易 去污性以及透气性也有了更高的要求,因此,需要对帐篷用材料进一步改进。
发明内容
[0003] 本发明的目的是针对现有的问题,提供了一种耐候防水帐篷用TPU复合材料的制 备方法。
[0004] 本发明是通过以下技术方案实现的:一种耐候防水帐篷用TPU复合材料的制备方 法,包括复合纤维基布用pH为7.8-8.2的碱性溶液浸泡2-4小时后,用温度为80-90 °C的远红 外线烘干备用,然后在其表面涂布THJ复合胶层得到。
[0005] 作为对上述方案的进一步改进,所述碱性溶液为氨水或氢氧化钠溶液,浸泡温度 为40-50 °C。
[0006] 作为对上述方案的进一步改进,所述复合纤维基布由以下重量份的原料混纺得 至IJ:涤纶纤维45-55份、改性苎麻纤维26-32份、椰壳纤维12-18份、香蕉纤维4-8份;所述改性 苎麻纤维的改性方法为:配制质量浓度为0.4-0.6%的硫酸铈溶液,将长度为2-4mm的苎麻纤 维浸泡于硫酸铈溶液中,在常温条件下浸泡搅拌6-10小时,过滤,用去离子水清洗后,在75-80°C的条件下烘干即得。
[0007] 作为对上述方案的进一步改进,所述TPU复合胶层的原料按重量计包括:TPU45-50 份、PVC18-22份、纤维接枝β环糊精预聚体3-7份、氢氧化镁粉末2-6份、抗氧化剂0.7-1.5份、 稳定剂〇. 2-0.6份、防老剂0.1-0.3份;所述抗氧化剂为N,Ν’ -双[[3- (3,5)-二叔丁基-4羟 基苯基]丙酰基]己二胺、β-(3,5-二叔丁基-4-羟基苯基)丙酸正十八碳醇酯和二亚磷酸季 戊四醇硬脂醇酯中的任意一种;所述稳定剂为乙撑硬酯酰胺、硬脂酸锌和硬脂酸钙中的任 意一种;所述防老剂为N-苯基-β-萘胺、对苯二胺、N-苯基-N'-异丙基-对苯二胺中的任意一 种。
[0008] 作为对上述方案的进一步改进,所述TPU复合胶层的涂布方法为将原料按比例混 合后混炼,完全熔融后加温塑化至完全充分塑化,过滤除去杂质后利用四辊压延机压延成 型,得到共混薄膜后对备用的复合纤维基布上胶,在压延机上在线贴合后,分卷得到成品。
[0009] 作为对上述方案的进一步改进,所述上胶方法为利用刮刀式涂胶方式进行上胶, 涂胶量为120-160g/m2。
[0010]本发明相比现有技术具有以下优点:本发明中利用多种不同性质的纤维复合混炼 制备基部,所得基布具有更强的力学性能,同时能与TPU复合胶料有效复合,纤维接枝环糊 精预聚体具有空腔结构,与氢氧化镁粉末能够发生包结反应,然后与THJ和PVC聚合,得到接 枝率较高的材料,附着率高,性能稳定,生产工艺简单易控,所得帐篷用TPU复合材料具有良 好的抗菌、耐候性,表面薄膜具有微多孔结构,湿阻抗小,同时具有优异的高透气性和防水 能力,耐水压可达到5800mmH20以上,具有较强的耐磨性,有效延长复合材料的使用寿命。
具体实施方式 [0011] 实施例1 一种耐候防水帐篷用THJ复合材料的制备方法,包括以下步骤: (1) 复合纤维基布由以下重量份的原料混纺得到:涤纶纤维50份、改性苎麻纤维30份、 椰壳纤维15份、香蕉纤维6份;所述改性苎麻纤维的改性方法为:配制质量浓度为0.5%的硫 酸铈溶液,将长度为3mm的苎麻纤维浸泡于硫酸铈溶液中,在常温条件下浸泡搅拌8小时,过 滤,用去离子水清洗后,在78°C的条件下烘干即得; (2) 将复合纤维基布用pH为8的碱性溶液浸泡3小时,所述碱性溶液为氨水或氢氧化钠 溶液,浸泡温度为45°C,用温度为85°C的远红外线烘干备用; (3) 了?1]复合胶层的原料按重量计包括:1?1]48份、?¥〇2〇份、纤维接枝0环糊精预聚体5 份、氢氧化镁粉末4份、抗氧化剂1.2份、稳定剂0.4份、防老剂0.2份;所述抗氧化剂为二亚磷 酸季戊四醇硬脂醇酯;所述稳定剂为乙撑硬酯酰胺;所述防老剂为N-苯基-β-萘胺; (4) 在复合纤维基布表面涂布TPU复合胶层得到,涂布方法为将原料按比例混合后混 炼,完全熔融后加温塑化至完全充分塑化,过滤除去杂质后利用四辊压延机压延成型,得到 共混薄膜后对备用的复合纤维基布上胶,上胶方法为利用刮刀式涂胶方式进行上胶,涂胶 量为140g/m2,在压延机上在线贴合后,分卷得到成品。
[0012] 实施例2 一种耐候防水帐篷用THJ复合材料的制备方法,包括以下步骤: (1) 复合纤维基布由以下重量份的原料混纺得到:涤纶纤维45份、改性苎麻纤维32份、 椰壳纤维12份、香蕉纤维4份;所述改性苎麻纤维的改性方法为:配制质量浓度为0.6%的硫 酸铈溶液,将长度为2mm的苎麻纤维浸泡于硫酸铈溶液中,在常温条件下浸泡搅拌6小时,过 滤,用去离子水清洗后,在80°C的条件下烘干即得; (2) 将复合纤维基布用pH为7.8的碱性溶液浸泡4小时,所述碱性溶液为氨水或氢氧化 钠溶液,浸泡温度为40°C,用温度为90°C的远红外线烘干备用; (3打?1]复合胶层的原料按重量计包括:1卩1]45份、?¥〇22份、纤维接枝0环糊精预聚体3 份、氢氧化镁粉末6份、抗氧化剂0.7份、稳定剂0.2份、防老剂0.1份;所述抗氧化剂为叱^-双[[3- (3,5)-二叔丁基-4羟基苯基]丙酰基]己二胺;所述稳定剂为硬脂酸锌;所述防老剂 为对苯二胺; (4)在复合纤维基布表面涂布TPU复合胶层得到,涂布方法为将原料按比例混合后混 炼,完全熔融后加温塑化至完全充分塑化,过滤除去杂质后利用四辊压延机压延成型,得到 共混薄膜后对备用的复合纤维基布上胶,上胶方法为利用刮刀式涂胶方式进行上胶,涂胶 量为160g/m2,在压延机上在线贴合后,分卷得到成品。
[0013] 实施例3 一种耐候防水帐篷用THJ复合材料的制备方法,包括以下步骤: (1) 复合纤维基布由以下重量份的原料混纺得到:涤纶纤维55份、改性苎麻纤维26份、 椰壳纤维18份、香蕉纤维8份;所述改性苎麻纤维的改性方法为:配制质量浓度为0.4%的硫 酸铈溶液,将长度为4_的苎麻纤维浸泡于硫酸铈溶液中,在常温条件下浸泡搅拌10小时, 过滤,用去离子水清洗后,在75°C的条件下烘干即得; (2) 将复合纤维基布用pH为8.2的碱性溶液浸泡2小时,所述碱性溶液为氨水或氢氧化 钠溶液,浸泡温度为50°C,用温度为80°C的远红外线烘干备用; (3) 了?1]复合胶层的原料按重量计包括:1卩1]5()份、?¥(:18份、纤维接枝0环糊精预聚体7 份、氢氧化镁粉末2份、抗氧化剂1.5份、稳定剂0.6份、防老剂0.3份;所述抗氧化剂为β-(3, 5-二叔丁基-4-羟基苯基)丙酸正十八碳醇酯;所述稳定剂为硬脂酸钙;所述防老剂为N-苯 基-N -异丙基-对苯二胺; (4) 在复合纤维基布表面涂布TPU复合胶层得到,涂布方法为将原料按比例混合后混 炼,完全熔融后加温塑化至完全充分塑化,过滤除去杂质后利用四辊压延机压延成型,得到 共混薄膜后对备用的复合纤维基布上胶,上胶方法为利用刮刀式涂胶方式进行上胶,涂胶 量为120g/m2,在压延机上在线贴合后,分卷得到成品。
[0014] 设置对照组1,将实施例1中改性苎麻纤维替换为等重量的未改性苎麻纤维,其余 内容不变;设置对照组2,将实施例1中椰壳纤维去掉,其余内容不变;设置对照组3,将实施 例1中香蕉纤维去掉,其余内容不变;设置对照组4,将实施例1中步骤(2)替换为用烘箱烘 干,其余内容不变;设置对照组5,将实施例1中纤维接枝环糊精预聚体去掉,其余内容变不 变;设置对照组6,将实施例1中氢氧化镁粉末去掉,其余内容不不变; 对上述各组制备所得帐篷用TPU复合材料进行性能检测,所述断裂伸长率拉伸速度为 400mm/m i η;所述老化条件为13 5 °C老化168小时,得到以下内容: 表1
Figure CN107724105AD00051
通过表1中数据可以看出,本发明中方法制备所得帐篷用TPU复合材料耐老化能力强, 具有较好的透湿性和耐水压能力,拉伸强度能到良好水平。

Claims (6)

1. 一种耐候防水帐篷用THJ复合材料的制备方法,其特征在于,包括复合纤维基布用pH 为7.8-8.2的碱性溶液浸泡2-4小时后,用温度为80-90°C的远红外线烘干备用,然后在其表 面涂布TPU复合胶层得到。
2. 如权利要求1所述一种耐候防水帐篷用TPU复合材料的制备方法,其特征在于,所述 碱性溶液为氨水或氢氧化钠溶液,浸泡温度为40-50 °C。
3. 如权利要求1所述一种耐候防水帐篷用TPU复合材料的制备方法,其特征在于,所述 复合纤维基布由以下重量份的原料混纺得到:涤纶纤维45-55份、改性苎麻纤维26-32份、椰 壳纤维12-18份、香蕉纤维4-8份;所述改性苎麻纤维的改性方法为:配制质量浓度为0.4-
0.6%的硫酸铈溶液,将长度为2-4_的苎麻纤维浸泡于硫酸铈溶液中,在常温条件下浸泡搅 拌6-10小时,过滤,用去离子水清洗后,在75-80°C的条件下烘干即得。
4. 如权利要求1所述一种耐候防水帐篷用TPU复合材料的制备方法,其特征在于,所述 ITU复合胶层的原料按重量计包括:TPU45-50份、PVC18-22份、纤维接枝环糊精预聚体3-7 份、氢氧化镁粉末2-6份、抗氧化剂0.7-1.5份、稳定剂0.2-0.6份、防老剂0.1-0.3份;所述抗 氧化剂为Ν,Ν’ -双[[3-(3,5)-二叔丁基-4羟基苯基]丙酰基]己二胺、β-(3,5-二叔丁基-4-羟基苯基)丙酸正十八碳醇酯和二亚磷酸季戊四醇硬脂醇酯中的任意一种;所述稳定剂为 乙撑硬酯酰胺、硬脂酸锌和硬脂酸钙中的任意一种;所述防老剂为N-苯基-β-萘胺、对苯二 胺、N-苯基-N'-异丙基-对苯二胺中的任意一种。
5. 如权利要求4所述一种耐候防水帐篷用TPU复合材料的制备方法,其特征在于,所述 TPU复合胶层的涂布方法为将原料按比例混合后混炼,完全熔融后加温塑化至完全充分塑 化,过滤除去杂质后利用四辊压延机压延成型,得到共混薄膜后对备用的复合纤维基布上 胶,在压延机上在线贴合后,分卷得到成品。
6. 如权利要求5所述一种耐候防水帐篷用ITU复合材料的制备方法,其特征在于, 所述上胶方法为利用刮刀式涂胶方式进行上胶,涂胶量为120-160g/m2。
CN201710902615.7A 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 一种耐候防水帐篷用tpu复合材料的制备方法 Active CN107724105B (zh)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710902615.7A CN107724105B (zh) 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 一种耐候防水帐篷用tpu复合材料的制备方法

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710902615.7A CN107724105B (zh) 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 一种耐候防水帐篷用tpu复合材料的制备方法

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107724105A true CN107724105A (zh) 2018-02-23
CN107724105B CN107724105B (zh) 2020-09-04

Family

ID=61208908

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710902615.7A Active CN107724105B (zh) 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 一种耐候防水帐篷用tpu复合材料的制备方法

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107724105B (zh)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109354990A (zh) * 2018-09-10 2019-02-19 韶关市连邦环保新材料股份有限公司 一种涂料及其制备方法

Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1988001570A1 (en) * 1986-09-03 1988-03-10 Burlington Industries, Inc. Microporous coatings
JP3031616B2 (ja) * 1998-05-18 2000-04-10 平岡織染株式会社 熱融着縫製可能な防水シート
JP2003182001A (ja) * 2001-12-19 2003-07-03 Hiraoka & Co Ltd 雨筋汚れ防止効果に優れた防汚性防水シート
CN101260619A (zh) * 2007-12-20 2008-09-10 福建省南平金月合成革有限公司 一种海岛超细纤维高密度针刺无纺布仿真皮的加工方法
CN102729559A (zh) * 2012-06-25 2012-10-17 无锡翔隆高分子面料有限公司 一种tpu与pvc共混改良复合面料的制备方法
CN103088923A (zh) * 2011-10-27 2013-05-08 滁州格美特科技有限公司 一种改性防水卷材及其制备方法
CN105239293A (zh) * 2014-07-08 2016-01-13 沙洋武汉富泰革基布有限公司 一种增加革基布接缝滑移强度的方法
CN105507005A (zh) * 2016-01-26 2016-04-20 芜湖环瑞汽车内饰件有限公司 一种汽车内饰用阻燃耐冲击超细纤维聚氨酯合成革及其制备方法
CN106012575A (zh) * 2016-06-27 2016-10-12 昌邑誉华纺织材料有限公司 吸湿透气抗菌防臭超细纤维鞋里革的制造方法
CN106140105A (zh) * 2016-08-01 2016-11-23 广西南宁桂尔创环保科技有限公司 一种废水除汞吸附剂的制备方法
CN106543701A (zh) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-29 安徽嘉明新材料科技有限公司 一种环保型tpu帐篷材料

Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
WO1988001570A1 (en) * 1986-09-03 1988-03-10 Burlington Industries, Inc. Microporous coatings
JP3031616B2 (ja) * 1998-05-18 2000-04-10 平岡織染株式会社 熱融着縫製可能な防水シート
JP2003182001A (ja) * 2001-12-19 2003-07-03 Hiraoka & Co Ltd 雨筋汚れ防止効果に優れた防汚性防水シート
CN101260619A (zh) * 2007-12-20 2008-09-10 福建省南平金月合成革有限公司 一种海岛超细纤维高密度针刺无纺布仿真皮的加工方法
CN103088923A (zh) * 2011-10-27 2013-05-08 滁州格美特科技有限公司 一种改性防水卷材及其制备方法
CN102729559A (zh) * 2012-06-25 2012-10-17 无锡翔隆高分子面料有限公司 一种tpu与pvc共混改良复合面料的制备方法
CN105239293A (zh) * 2014-07-08 2016-01-13 沙洋武汉富泰革基布有限公司 一种增加革基布接缝滑移强度的方法
CN105507005A (zh) * 2016-01-26 2016-04-20 芜湖环瑞汽车内饰件有限公司 一种汽车内饰用阻燃耐冲击超细纤维聚氨酯合成革及其制备方法
CN106012575A (zh) * 2016-06-27 2016-10-12 昌邑誉华纺织材料有限公司 吸湿透气抗菌防臭超细纤维鞋里革的制造方法
CN106140105A (zh) * 2016-08-01 2016-11-23 广西南宁桂尔创环保科技有限公司 一种废水除汞吸附剂的制备方法
CN106543701A (zh) * 2016-10-25 2017-03-29 安徽嘉明新材料科技有限公司 一种环保型tpu帐篷材料

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
胡智文等: "纤维素纤维接枝p.环糊精预聚体的制备及包结性能", 《高分子材料科学与工程》 *

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109354990A (zh) * 2018-09-10 2019-02-19 韶关市连邦环保新材料股份有限公司 一种涂料及其制备方法

Also Published As

Publication number Publication date
CN107724105B (zh) 2020-09-04

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
US10005926B2 (en) Sewing-free hot melt adhesive TPU leather and preparation method thereof
CN105400085B (zh) 一种耐热橡胶及其制备方法
CN102995446B (zh) 凹凸棒土改性的聚氯乙烯合成革及其制造方法
CN102505513B (zh) 一种透汽吸湿型环保聚氯乙烯合成革及其制造方法
CN101845217B (zh) 水性聚氨酯/纳米二氧化硅复合乳液的制备方法
CN102618204B (zh) 一种人造革粘接层用热熔粘合剂及其制备方法、应用
US20130096236A1 (en) Plant material compositions and method for preparing same
CN101550224B (zh) 阳离子聚氨酯/无机纳米材料有机-无机杂化涂饰剂制备方法
EP2582738B1 (de) Silanvernetzende zusammensetzungen
CN102432993B (zh) 一种塑料复合油墨用酯醇溶聚氨酯树脂的制备方法
CN102181031B (zh) 一种耐久性沙发革用聚氨酯树脂及制备方法
EP3433295B1 (de) Vernetztes polyurethan
CN105131819B (zh) 一种水性聚氨酯跑道材料及其制备方法
KR20090077005A (ko) 폴리우레탄 조성물 및 그로부터 제조되는 물품, 및 그의 제조 방법
CN105566608B (zh) 用于沙发革湿法浸渍贝斯的阴离子水性聚氨酯树脂
CN1147263A (zh) 湿固聚氨酯热熔粘合剂
CN104963212A (zh) 一种无溶剂聚氨酯汽车内饰革的制备方法
CN102995445B (zh) 一种经过凹凸棒土和膨润土改性的聚氯乙烯合成革及其制造方法
CN104594065B (zh) 一种花布伦合成革的生产方法
KR20150095657A (ko) 코드 직물들을 위한 침지 재료 및 그 생산 방법
CN102408699B (zh) 一种复合浆料、合成革基材及合成革基材的制备方法
CN102977317B (zh) 一种直涂型防水透湿服装革用聚氨酯树脂底料及其制备方法
CN100336871C (zh) 用于涂料、织物、人造革、皮革的水性聚氨酯染料的制造方法
CN101545212A (zh) 耐水解合成革及其制造方法
CN103437195B (zh) 一种免车缝的热熔胶tpu-pu皮革及其制备方法

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant