CN107711369A - A kind of method of mushroom and rice crop rotation - Google Patents

A kind of method of mushroom and rice crop rotation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107711369A
CN107711369A CN201711225876.6A CN201711225876A CN107711369A CN 107711369 A CN107711369 A CN 107711369A CN 201711225876 A CN201711225876 A CN 201711225876A CN 107711369 A CN107711369 A CN 107711369A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rice
mushroom
crop rotation
late
bacteria
Prior art date
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Pending
Application number
CN201711225876.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
顾鹏威
杜超杰
卢月美
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Guangxi Tian Sha Beach Agricultural Investment Co Ltd
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Guangxi Tian Sha Beach Agricultural Investment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi Tian Sha Beach Agricultural Investment Co Ltd filed Critical Guangxi Tian Sha Beach Agricultural Investment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711225876.6A priority Critical patent/CN107711369A/en
Publication of CN107711369A publication Critical patent/CN107711369A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of mushroom and the method for rice crop rotation, mushroom is replaced into plantation with rice, mushroom is carried out bacteria stick by specially annual early and middle ten dayses in mid-May to June, after in the rice field after late October to early November is discharged into rice harvesting, the first tenday period of a month in late April to May of next year are harvested bacteria;Annual late May to early June carries out the rice transplanting of rice, and the rice transplanting has been turned in the rice field to be carried out in whole good mushroom harvesting ground, then late October gathered in.The method of mushroom and rice crop rotation disclosed by the invention, improves land utilization ratio, adds economic benefit.Simultaneously as the mushroom bran returning to the field after mushroom harvesting, adds agron, improve soil fertility, reduce the fertilizer and pesticide usage amount of rice, the input of artificial and fertile medicine is reduced, while will not also produce baneful influence to environment.

Description

A kind of method of mushroom and rice crop rotation
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of proportion of crop planting method, and in particular to a kind of method of mushroom and rice crop rotation.
Background technology
Mushroom, also known as flower mushroom, mushroom, fragrant letter, fragrant bacterium, dried mushroom, fragrant wild rice, it is the fructification of Pleurotaceae plant mushroom.Mushroom It is second-biggest-in-the-world edible mushroom, and one of China's special product, in the title among the people for being known as " mountain delicacy ".Mushroom growth is on timber, taste Road is delicious, fragrance make people mentally refreshing, nutritious.Mushroom is rich in vitamin B complex, iron, potassium, provitamin D(Vitamin is changed into after Exposure to Sunlight D), it is sweet, it is mild-natured.Anorexia is cured mainly, few gas is weak.
Mushroom is known as the title of the king of mountain delicacy, is high protein, the nutritional health food of low fat.Chinese dynasties physician is to perfume (or spice) Mushroom has famous discussion.Modern medicine and nutrition are deepened continuously research, and the medical value of mushroom is also constantly exploited.In mushroom Quantitative Determination of Ergosterol is very high, effective to preventing and treating rickets;Lentinan(β~1,3 glucans)Cell immunocompetent can be strengthened, from And suppress the growth of cancer cell;Mushroom contains more than 40 kinds of enzyme of six big enzymes, can correct human chitinase deficiency disease;Fat in mushroom Fat institute fatty acids, it is beneficial that blood fat is reduced to human body.
Rice, it is one kind of draft Oryza, and main most long one kind in Oryza as grain.Rice is tied Sub- reality is paddy, and rice or rice are claimed after shelling.Nearly half population in the world, including the almost population in whole East Asia and Southeast Asia, All using rice as food.Rice in China sowing face accounts for the 1/4 of national cereal crops, and yield then accounts for more than half.Cultivation history is Have 14000~18000 years, be important cereal crops;In addition to edible caryopsis, can starch processed, make wine, vinegar processed, rice bran can be refined sugar, squeezed Oil, extraction furfural, for industrial and pharmaceutical;Rice straw is good feed and paper making raw material and braided material, and rice sprout and rice root are available for It is medicinal.
Just laid idle after the usual season of Rice Cropping one, land utilization ratio is low, deficiency in economic performance.It is more plus stems and leaves of rice, The a great number of elements such as substantial amounts of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium are taken away from soil, therefore dose is big, this has just aggravated fertilizer and agricultural chemicals naturally Cost.
The land utilization efficiency of rice terrace how is improved, safeguards soil nutrient, improves income, is the urgent hope of vast farmerses Hope.
The content of the invention
The present invention carries in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, there is provided a kind of method of mushroom and rice crop rotation.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution used in the present invention is as follows:
A kind of method of mushroom and rice crop rotation, replaces plantation with rice, specific method is by mushroom:
The plantation of the mushroom comprises the following steps:
Mushroom is carried out bacteria stick by annual early and middle ten dayses in mid-May to June, then carries out bacteria, wherein, mushroom is used as using live oak or birch Wood, in bacteria, by mushroom wood with the crisscross stacking of groined type, stack height 70-90cm, gas permeability will be ensured by stacking space Well;
Bacteria in the rice field after late October then to early November is discharged into rice harvesting after carrying out out bacterium, during going out bacterium The humidity of mushroom wood is kept by the method for water drenching or immersion;
The first tenday period of a month in the late April of next year to May are harvested;
The plantation of the rice comprises the following steps:
Rice paddy seed is basked seeds 2-3 days in the sun, then soaked seed with nutrient solution, wherein, corresponding to every kg seeds, nutrient composition For Prochloraz 0.5-1mL, water 1-2kg;
Carry out seedling cultivation of rice, nursery opportunity be weather at 6-10 DEG C, the regular additional urea into seedbed;
Annual late May to early June carries out rice transplanting, and whole good mushroom harvesting ground has been turned in the rice transplanting in the rice field Middle progress;
Late October is gathered in then.
Preferably, described rice varieties are deep two excellent 876.
Preferably, rice paddy seed is basked seeds in the sun 2 days.
Preferably, when being soaked seed with nutrient solution, corresponding to every kg seeds, nutrient composition is Prochloraz 1mL, water 2kg.
Preferably, by mushroom wood with the crisscross stacking of groined type, stack height 90cm.
In order to not influence the normal growth of mushroom and rice and rationally utilize soil, economize on resources, above-mentioned lentinus edodes strain stick is another Outer selection place, which carries out bacteria stick production and culture, above-mentioned rice seedling, need to select one piece in addition and carry out seedling smallly.
To increase soil fertility, rice straw directly can be made compost in soil, and fermentation can be added during making compost Process is made compost in bacterium, promotion.
The method have the advantages that:
The present invention is improved land utilization ratio, is added economic benefit using mushroom and rice crop rotation.Simultaneously as mushroom is adopted Mushroom bran returning to the field after receipts, adds agron, improves soil fertility, reduces the fertilizer and pesticide usage amount of rice, drop The low manually input with fertile medicine, while will not also baneful influence be produced to environment.
Embodiment
All features disclosed in this specification, or disclosed all methods or during the step of, except mutually exclusive Feature and/or step beyond, can combine in any way.
This specification(Including any accessory claim, summary)Disclosed in any feature, unless specifically stated otherwise, Replaced by other equivalent or with similar purpose alternative features.I.e., unless specifically stated otherwise, each feature is a series of An example in equivalent or similar characteristics.
Embodiment 1
A kind of method of mushroom and rice crop rotation, replaces plantation with rice, specific method is by mushroom:
The plantation of the mushroom comprises the following steps:
Mushroom is carried out bacteria stick by annual early and middle ten dayses in mid-May to June, then carries out bacteria, wherein, it is wooden using live oak as mushroom, During bacteria, by mushroom wood with the crisscross stacking of groined type, stack height 90cm, good air permeability will be ensured by stacking space;
Bacteria in the rice field after late October then to early November is discharged into rice harvesting after carrying out out bacterium, during going out bacterium The humidity of mushroom wood is kept by the method for water drenching;
The first tenday period of a month in the late April of next year to May are harvested;
The plantation of the rice comprises the following steps:
Rice paddy seed is basked seeds in the sun 3 days, then soaked seed with nutrient solution, wherein, corresponding to every kg seeds, nutrient composition is Prochloraz 0.5mL, water 1kg;
Carry out seedling cultivation of rice, nursery opportunity be weather at 10 DEG C or so, the regular additional urea into seedbed;
Annual late May to early June carries out rice transplanting, and whole good mushroom harvesting ground has been turned in the rice transplanting in the rice field Middle progress;
Late October is gathered in then.
Embodiment 2
A kind of method of mushroom and rice crop rotation, replaces plantation with rice, specific method is by mushroom:
The plantation of the mushroom comprises the following steps:
Mushroom is carried out bacteria stick by annual early and middle ten dayses in mid-May to June, then carries out bacteria, wherein, it is wooden using birch as mushroom, During bacteria, by mushroom wood with the crisscross stacking of groined type, stack height 70cm, good air permeability will be ensured by stacking space;
Bacteria in the rice field after late October then to early November is discharged into rice harvesting after carrying out out bacterium, during going out bacterium The humidity of mushroom wood is kept by the method for immersion;
The first tenday period of a month in the late April of next year to May are harvested;
The plantation of the rice comprises the following steps:
Deep two excellent 876 seeds are basked seeds 2 days in the sun, then soaked seed with nutrient solution, wherein, corresponding to every kg seeds, nutrient solution Composition is Prochloraz 1mL, water 2kg;
Carry out seedling cultivation of rice, nursery opportunity be weather at 7 DEG C or so, the regular additional urea into seedbed;
Annual late May to early June carries out rice transplanting, and whole good mushroom harvesting ground has been turned in the rice transplanting in the rice field Middle progress;
Late October is gathered in then.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of mushroom and the method for rice crop rotation, mushroom is replaced into plantation with rice, it is characterised in that
The plantation of the mushroom comprises the following steps:
Mushroom is carried out bacteria stick by annual early and middle ten dayses in mid-May to June, then carries out bacteria, wherein, mushroom is used as using live oak or birch Wood, in bacteria, by mushroom wood with the crisscross stacking of groined type, stack height 70-90cm, gas permeability will be ensured by stacking space Well;
Bacteria in the rice field after late October then to early November is discharged into rice harvesting after carrying out out bacterium, during going out bacterium The humidity of mushroom wood is kept by the method for water drenching or immersion;
The first tenday period of a month in the late April of next year to May are harvested;
The plantation of the rice comprises the following steps:
Rice paddy seed is basked seeds 2-3 days in the sun, then soaked seed with nutrient solution, wherein, corresponding to every kg seeds, nutrient composition For Prochloraz 0.5-1mL, water 1-2kg;
Carry out seedling cultivation of rice, nursery opportunity be weather at 6-10 DEG C, the regular additional urea into seedbed;
Annual late May to early June carries out rice transplanting, and whole good mushroom harvesting ground has been turned in the rice transplanting in the rice field Middle progress;
Late October is gathered in then.
2. a kind of mushroom according to claim 1 and the method for rice crop rotation, it is characterised in that described rice varieties are Deep two excellent 876.
3. a kind of mushroom according to claim 1 and the method for rice crop rotation, it is characterised in that by rice paddy seed in sunlight Under bask seeds 2 days.
4. a kind of mushroom according to claim 3 and the method for rice crop rotation, it is characterised in that when being soaked seed with nutrient solution, Corresponding to every kg seeds, nutrient composition is Prochloraz 1mL, water 2kg.
5. a kind of mushroom according to claim 1 and the method for rice crop rotation, it is characterised in that indulge mushroom wood with groined type It is horizontal to be staggeredly stacked, stack height 90cm.
CN201711225876.6A 2017-11-29 2017-11-29 A kind of method of mushroom and rice crop rotation Pending CN107711369A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711225876.6A CN107711369A (en) 2017-11-29 2017-11-29 A kind of method of mushroom and rice crop rotation

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711225876.6A CN107711369A (en) 2017-11-29 2017-11-29 A kind of method of mushroom and rice crop rotation

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CN107711369A true CN107711369A (en) 2018-02-23

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110122225A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-08-16 邓述东 It is a kind of cultivate one season rice, ratooning rice, wild mushroom farmland Efficient utilization method
CN110150224A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-08-23 邓述东 A kind of efficient breeding method of the rice frog+wild mushroom

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103704021A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-09 杭州市农业科学研究院 Planting method for crop rotation of edible fungi and rice
CN103798028A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-05-21 福建农林大学 Cultivation method based on rice and vegetable rotation
CN104350990A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-02-18 安徽喜洋洋农业科技有限公司 Organic matrix seedling raising method for mechanically-planted paddy formula
CN105519354A (en) * 2016-01-04 2016-04-27 江苏鸿程食用菌科技有限公司 Shiitake mushroom and seedling cultivation interplanting method
CN105706739A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-06-29 房县荣森食用菌科技开发有限公司 Cultivation method for crop rotation of cut-log shiitake mushrooms and rice
CN107047001A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-08-18 和县瑞祥水稻种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of the efficient crop rotation of paddy rice tomato

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103704021A (en) * 2013-12-23 2014-04-09 杭州市农业科学研究院 Planting method for crop rotation of edible fungi and rice
CN103798028A (en) * 2014-01-23 2014-05-21 福建农林大学 Cultivation method based on rice and vegetable rotation
CN104350990A (en) * 2014-11-21 2015-02-18 安徽喜洋洋农业科技有限公司 Organic matrix seedling raising method for mechanically-planted paddy formula
CN105519354A (en) * 2016-01-04 2016-04-27 江苏鸿程食用菌科技有限公司 Shiitake mushroom and seedling cultivation interplanting method
CN105706739A (en) * 2016-02-26 2016-06-29 房县荣森食用菌科技开发有限公司 Cultivation method for crop rotation of cut-log shiitake mushrooms and rice
CN107047001A (en) * 2017-04-19 2017-08-18 和县瑞祥水稻种植专业合作社 A kind of implantation methods of the efficient crop rotation of paddy rice tomato

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110122225A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-08-16 邓述东 It is a kind of cultivate one season rice, ratooning rice, wild mushroom farmland Efficient utilization method
CN110150224A (en) * 2019-05-09 2019-08-23 邓述东 A kind of efficient breeding method of the rice frog+wild mushroom

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