CN107701102A - A kind of frozen soil plays native machine - Google Patents

A kind of frozen soil plays native machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107701102A
CN107701102A CN201711126561.6A CN201711126561A CN107701102A CN 107701102 A CN107701102 A CN 107701102A CN 201711126561 A CN201711126561 A CN 201711126561A CN 107701102 A CN107701102 A CN 107701102A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
soil
rotary electric
electric machine
frozen soil
native
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711126561.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
赵仁乐
伦庆忠
彭立正
王桂利
刘维信
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Linyi Mining Group Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Linyi Mining Group Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Linyi Mining Group Co Ltd filed Critical Linyi Mining Group Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711126561.6A priority Critical patent/CN107701102A/en
Publication of CN107701102A publication Critical patent/CN107701102A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B4/00Drives for drilling, used in the borehole
    • E21B4/04Electric drives
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B7/00Special methods or apparatus for drilling
    • E21B7/008Drilling ice or a formation covered by ice

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of frozen soil to play native machine, it is characterised in that including bottom tray, gate type support frame, rotary electric machine, soil suite pipe and drilling rod, the bottom tray is that round-meshed teel pallet is opened on a top, and four rolling is installed in the bottom tray bottom;The gate type support frame is arranged in bottom tray, and moving handle is installed on the gate type support frame top;The rotary electric machine is arranged on the gate type support frame, and controlling switch is connected with the rotary electric machine, and the rotary electric machine top is provided with a rotatable whorl brace rod, and the lifting of the rotary electric machine is controlled by the rotation of the whorl brace rod.A kind of frozen soil of the present invention plays native machine, there is provided a kind of more efficient, more practical frozen soil plays native machine, and the device structure is simple, and amount of being unearthed is big, frozen soil can also be heated, carry out impact excavation, thoroughly can efficiently excavate the frozen soil under MODEL OVER COMPLEX TOPOGRAPHY.

Description

A kind of frozen soil plays native machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of frozen soil to play native device, and native machine is played more particularly to a kind of frozen soil.
Technical background
Frozen soil stratum is common a kind of bad ground during geotechnical engineering construction, the frost heave of frozen soil and thaw collapse feature pole Easily destroy surface buildingses, for problems, the currently active reliable solution method is to be excavated frozen soil, so After backfill the normal soil body, so as to fundamentally solve frozen soil layer harm;Yet with frozen soil stratum coverage and the complexity of buried depth Property, digging up and filling in can be made not thorough, remain the frozen soil Frozen-thawed cycled of small range, the long-term safety built for earth's surface has been buried hidden Suffer from.
Emerging shoveling equipment has a variety of at present, such as:Chinese invention patent CN106592669A discloses a kind of frozen soil Backactor, the carry out Mechanical Excavation of Frozen Soil of the invention energy highly effective and safe, the influence for heating and dissolving with Blasting Excavation to environment is avoided, but It is that this big machinery is difficult to effectively put to good use in small space;Chinese invention patent CN103255793B discloses a kind of hand-held Formula excavator, the utility model can be effectively reduced labor strength in artificial digging pile field, but due to own characteristic, go out Native speed is low, amount of being unearthed is small, it is impossible to effectively improves shoveling efficiency.
In summary, existing large-scale Mechanical Excavation of Frozen Soil equipment is difficult to effectively put to good use in narrow and small frozen soils construction environment, and Traditional small handheld operation of power excavators is less efficient, and frozen soil excavation speed is slow, and frozen soil is difficult to excavate, instant invention overcomes with Upper deficiency, frozen soil can efficiently thoroughly excavate in narrow and small construction environment.
The content of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is to be directed to narrow and small frozen soil stratum construction environment, there is provided a kind of more efficient, more practical frozen soil Native machine is played, the device structure is simple, and amount of being unearthed is big, frozen soil can also be heated, carry out impact excavation, can be thoroughly efficient Excavate the frozen soil under MODEL OVER COMPLEX TOPOGRAPHY in ground.
The present invention is that a kind of frozen soil plays native machine, including bottom tray 1, gate type support frame 2, rotary electric machine 3, a soil suite pipe 4 With drilling rod 5, the bottom tray 1 is that round-meshed teel pallet is opened on a top, and four rollings are installed in the bottom tray bottom Wheel 6;The gate type support frame 2 is arranged in bottom tray 1, and moving handle 7 is installed on the gate type support frame top;The rotation Motor 3 is arranged on the gate type support frame 2, and controlling switch 8, the end of rotary electric machine top 3 are connected with the rotary electric machine 3 Provided with a rotatable whorl brace rod 9, the liter of the rotary electric machine 3 is controlled by the rotation of the whorl brace rod 9 Drop;Described soil suite pipe 4 is arranged on the bottom of rotary electric machine 3, and the described bottom of soil suite pipe 4 installation one is secondary to play native blade 10;The drilling rod 5 is made up of steel, and drill bit 11 is installed in the bottom of drilling rod 5, and the diameter of drilling rod 5 is less than described soil suite pipe 4 internal diameters, the drilling rod are connected on the rotor of the rotary electric machine 3 through described rise inside soil suite pipe 4.
Preferably, it is described to play native 10, a knife and be fabricated to fluking type, and be in groove-like along axis, described soil suite pipe 4 Native blade 10 is closed state from when burying, when described soil suite pipe 4 above carries from native 10 open-shaped state of blade
Described native blade 10 is fabricated to fluking type, and is in groove-like along axis, when described soil suite pipe 4 buries from soil Blade 10 is closed state, when described soil suite pipe 4 above carries from native 10 open-shaped state of blade.
Preferably, airway tube 12 is connected with described soil suite pipe 4, pressurized tank 13, institute are connected with the airway tube 12 State airway tube 12 and be provided with air valve 14, the pressurized tank 13 is connected by appendix 15 with heating supercharging air accumulator 16, described Heating supercharging air accumulator 16 is provided with compression pump 17, and the heating supercharging air accumulator 16 is provided with pressure gauge 18, and the heating increases Electrical heating wire 19 is provided with pressure air accumulator 16.
Preferably, closed bearing 20 is provided with described soil suite pipe 4, being provided with No.1 rectangle in the closed bearing 20 slides Set 21, described soil suite pipe 4 are provided with rotary electric machine 3, and magnetic pole 22 is provided with the rotary electric machine 3, coil is provided with magnetic pole 22 23, coil 23 is interior to be provided with No. two rectangle sliding sleeves 24, and one is passed through in described No.1 rectangle sliding sleeve 21 and No. two rectangle sliding sleeves 24 Rectangular shaft 25, the downside of rectangular shaft 25 are connected with piston sheet 26, and the downside of piston sheet 26 is connected with drilling rod 5, described closed The soil suite pipe 4 that rises of the downside of bearing 20 is a cylinder block 27, and the downside of the cylinder block 27 is provided with a circular sliding sleeve 28, The circular sliding sleeve 28 is provided with venthole 29.
Preferably, the stroke of the piston sheet 26 is more than the length of cylinder block 27, and the piston sheet 26 can be run out The downside of cylinder block 27.
Preferably, 21, No. two rectangle sliding sleeves 24 of described No.1 rectangle sliding sleeve and rectangular shaft 25 are located at same axis On, the rectangular shaft 25 can be slided in No.1 rectangle sliding sleeve 21 and No. two rectangle sliding sleeves 24.
Preferably, the piston sheet 26 is provided with piston ring 30.
Preferably, described soil suite pipe 4 is communicated with air bubble, and heater 31 is provided with described soil suite pipe.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:A kind of frozen soil of the present invention plays native machine, there is provided a kind of more efficient, more practical frozen soil Native machine is played, the device structure is simple, and amount of being unearthed is big, frozen soil can also be heated, carry out impact excavation, can be thoroughly efficient Excavate the frozen soil under MODEL OVER COMPLEX TOPOGRAPHY in ground.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1, Fig. 2 play native machine structural representation for a kind of frozen soil of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is a-a profiles in Fig. 2.
Fig. 4 is b-b profiles in Fig. 2.
Fig. 5 is present invention heating pressurized construction schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is the closed bearing arrangement schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 7 is rotary electric machine structural representation of the present invention.
Fig. 8 is the circular shift sleeve structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 9 is inventive piston chip architecture schematic diagram.
Marginal data:, 1, bottom tray, 2, gate type support frame, 3, rotary electric machine, 4, play soil suite pipe, 5, drilling rod, 6, rolling Wheel, 7, moving handle, 8, controlling switch, 9, whorl brace rod, 10, play native blade, 11, drill bit, 12, airway tube, 13, pressure Tank, 14, air valve, 15, appendix, 16, heating supercharging air accumulator, 17, compression pump, 18, pressure gauge, 19, electrical heating wire, 20, close Close bearing, 21, No.1 rectangle sliding sleeve, 22, magnetic pole, 23, coil, 24, No. two rectangle sliding sleeves, 25, rectangular shaft, 26, piston sheet, 27th, cylinder block, 28, circular sliding sleeve, 29, venthole, 30, piston ring, 31, heater.
Embodiment
The accompanying drawing of content combination below elaborates to the embodiment of the present invention.
Embodiment 1:A kind of frozen soil plays native machine, including bottom tray 1, gate type support frame 2, rotary electric machine 3, a soil suite pipe 4 With drilling rod 5, the bottom tray 1 is that round-meshed teel pallet is opened on a top, and four rollings are installed in the bottom tray bottom Wheel 6;The gate type support frame 2 is arranged in bottom tray 1, and moving handle 7 is installed on the gate type support frame top;Described turn Dynamic motor 3 is arranged on the gate type support frame 2, and controlling switch 8, the rotary electric machine top 3 are connected with the rotary electric machine 3 End is provided with a rotatable whorl brace rod 9, and the rotary electric machine 3 is controlled by the rotation of the whorl brace rod 9 Lifting;Described soil suite pipe 4 is arranged on the bottom of rotary electric machine 3, and the described bottom of soil suite pipe 4 installation one is secondary to play native blade 10;The drilling rod 5 is made up of steel, and drill bit 11 is installed in the bottom of drilling rod 5, and the diameter of drilling rod 5 is less than described soil suite pipe 4 Internal diameter, the drilling rod are connected on the rotor of the rotary electric machine 3 through described rise inside soil suite pipe 4.
Rotary electric machine is opened by controlling switch when carrying out frozen soil and playing native, rotary electric machine, which starts, drives rod bit rotation Turn, drill bit drills to frozen soil, and bit diameter has been more than soil suite pipe, makes drill bit and a soil suite pipe by rotating whorl brace rod Down move together, just soil suite pipe can have been made to go deep into frozen soil by the lasting rotation of drill bit.
Described native 10, the knife that rises is fabricated to fluking type, and is in groove-like along axis, native knife from rising when soil suite pipe 4 buries Piece 10 is closed state, native 10 open-shaped state of blade from rising when soil suite pipe 4 above carries, can be very good soil zone to come out.
Airway tube 12 is connected with described soil suite pipe 4, pressurized tank 13, the airway tube 12 are connected with airway tube 12 Air valve 14 is provided with, the pressurized tank 13 is connected by appendix 15 with heating supercharging air accumulator 16, the heating supercharging storage Gas tank 16 is provided with compression pump 17, and the heating supercharging air accumulator 16 is provided with pressure gauge 18, the heating supercharging air accumulator 16 It is interior to be provided with electrical heating wire 19, the gas temperature while air that heating is pressurized in air accumulator 16 is heated by electrical heating wire 19 Rise can also increase pressure, and the air pressure that pressure gauge 18 can be observed inside gas tank prevents that pressure is excessive, and compression pump 17 can increase Gas pressure in tank, appendix 15 store part gases at high pressure, pass through air valve toward conveying gas, pressurized tank 13 in pressurized tank 13 Unlatching gas soil suite pipe 4 has been entered by airway tube 12.
Supercharging air accumulator and pressurized tank are heated by setting, when the rotary electric machine for playing native machine drives drill bit to play native, pressure Gas with certain heat has been squeezed into native position by tank, and the impulsive force of one side gas is along drill bit in crack caused by frozen soil Advance makes frozen soil be easier to split scattered, and on the other hand, gas carries heat, heat effect is played to frozen soil, further makes jelly Soil has been more prone to out.
Closed bearing 20 is provided with described soil suite pipe 4, No.1 rectangle sliding sleeve 21, closed bearing are provided with closed bearing 20 20 can prevent gas from being revealed from upside, play soil suite pipe 4 and are provided with rotary electric machine 3, magnetic pole 22 is provided with the rotary electric machine 3, Coil 23 is provided with magnetic pole 22, No. two rectangle sliding sleeves 24, described No.1 rectangle sliding sleeve 21 and No. two rectangles are provided with coil 23 A rectangular shaft 25 is passed through in sliding sleeve 24, rotary electric machine 3 is driven rectangular shaft 25 using the purpose of rectangular shaft and rectangular sleeve When can be with up and down, the downside of the rectangular shaft 25 be connected with piston sheet 26, and the downside of piston sheet 26 is connected with drilling rod 5, The soil suite pipe 4 that rises of the downside of closed bearing 20 is a cylinder block 27, and gases at high pressure enter cylinder block 27, and gas pushes away Piston piece 26 is down moved, so drilling rod 5 is also down moved to pierce frozen soil together, the downside of the cylinder block 27 is provided with One circular sliding sleeve 28, circular sliding sleeve 28 are for preventing drilling rod 5 inclined, and the circular sliding sleeve 28 is provided with venthole 29, Place's pressure high temperature hot gas can be discharged thermal shock is carried out to frozen soil.
The stroke of the piston sheet 26 is more than the length of cylinder block 27, and piston sheet 26 can run out cylinder block 27 Downside, gas will carry out thermal shock by venthole 29 to frozen soil when piston sheet 26 moves out cylinder block 27.
Described 21, No. two rectangle sliding sleeves 24 of No.1 rectangle sliding sleeve and rectangular shaft 25 are located on same axis, positioned at same Be easy to rotate together on one axis, will not run-off the straight phenomenon, rectangular shaft 25 can be in No.1 rectangle sliding sleeve 21 and No. two squares Shape sliding sleeve 24 slides, and the can of rectangular shaft 25 drives drill bit 11 can be down past on the premise of rotary electric machine does not move down Multiple motion.
The piston sheet 26 is provided with piston ring 30, can increase the air-tightness of piston sheet 26 and cylinder block 27.
Described soil suite pipe 4 is communicated with air bubble, and heater is provided with described soil suite pipe 4, and air bubble can be to freezing The effect of local products life impact, makes drill bit 11 deeply faster, rise in soil suite pipe and be additionally provided with heater, can heat soil suite pipe 4 Raise the temperature inside and outside soil suite pipe, the high temperature outside sleeve pipe 4 can heat the frozen soil outside soil suite pipe 4, internal high temperature The frozen soil that bore position can be got to by air bubble accelerates frozen soil to melt, and heater uses electric-heating-wire-heating heating speed It is high to spend fast temperature.
A kind of frozen soil of the present invention plays native machine, there is provided a kind of more efficient, more practical frozen soil plays native machine, device structure letter Single, amount of being unearthed is big, frozen soil can also be heated, carry out impact excavation, thoroughly can efficiently excavate MODEL OVER COMPLEX TOPOGRAPHY Under frozen soil.
Described above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for the ordinary skill people of the art For member, without departing from the technical principles of the invention, by way of driving tool rest to produce taper taper thick stick, may be used also To make some improvement and replacement, these, which improve and replaced, also should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of frozen soil plays native machine, it is characterised in that including bottom tray, gate type support frame, rotary electric machine, soil suite pipe and brill Bar, the bottom tray are that round-meshed teel pallet is opened on a top, and four rolling is installed in the bottom tray bottom;It is described Gate type support frame is arranged in bottom tray, and moving handle is installed on the gate type support frame top;The rotary electric machine is arranged on On the gate type support frame, controlling switch is connected with the rotary electric machine, the rotary electric machine top, which is provided with one, to revolve The whorl brace rod turned, the lifting of the rotary electric machine is controlled by the rotation of the whorl brace rod;Described soil suite Guan An Mounted in the rotary electric machine bottom, described native casing shoe installation one is secondary to play native blade;The drilling rod is made up of steel, described Drill bit is installed in drilling rod bottom, and the drill pipe diameter is less than described soil suite bore, and the drilling rod is risen in soil suite pipe through described Portion is connected on the rotor of the rotary electric machine.
2. frozen soil according to claim 1 plays native machine, it is characterised in that described native blade is fabricated to fluking type, and edge Axis is in groove-like, when described soil suite pipe buries from native blade be closed state, when described soil suite pipe above carries from native knife The open-shaped state of piece.
3. frozen soil according to claim 1 plays native machine, it is characterised in that is connected with airway tube on described soil suite pipe, institute State and pressurized tank is connected with airway tube, the airway tube is provided with air valve, and the pressurized tank passes through appendix and heating supercharging storage Gas tank is connected, and the heating supercharging air accumulator is provided with compression pump, and the heating supercharging air accumulator is provided with pressure gauge, described Heating supercharging built in gas tank has electrical heating wire.
4. frozen soil according to claim 1 plays native machine, it is characterised in that is provided with closed bearing, institute in described soil suite pipe State in closed bearing and be provided with No.1 rectangle sliding sleeve, described soil suite pipe is provided with the rotary electric machine, set in the rotary electric machine There is magnetic pole, coil is provided with magnetic pole, No. two rectangle sliding sleeves, described No.1 rectangle sliding sleeve and No. two rectangle sliding sleeves are provided with coil A rectangular shaft is inside passed through, piston sheet is connected with the downside of the rectangular shaft, drilling rod is connected with the downside of the piston sheet, it is described closed Guan Weiyi cylinder block of soil suite is played on the downside of bearing, the downside of the cylinder block is provided with a circular sliding sleeve, the circle Sliding sleeve is provided with venthole.
5. frozen soil according to claim 4 plays native machine, it is characterised in that the stroke of the piston sheet is more than cylinder block Length, piston sheet can run out the downside of cylinder block.
6. frozen soil according to claim 4 plays native machine, it is characterised in that described No.1 rectangle sliding sleeve, No. two rectangles are slided Set and rectangular shaft are located on same axis, and the rectangular shaft can be slided in No.1 rectangle sliding sleeve and No. two rectangle sliding sleeves.
7. frozen soil according to claim 4 plays native machine, it is characterised in that the piston sheet is provided with piston ring.
8. frozen soil according to claim 1 plays native machine, it is characterised in that described soil suite pipe is communicated with air bubble, described Rise in soil suite pipe and be provided with heater.
CN201711126561.6A 2017-11-15 2017-11-15 A kind of frozen soil plays native machine Pending CN107701102A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711126561.6A CN107701102A (en) 2017-11-15 2017-11-15 A kind of frozen soil plays native machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711126561.6A CN107701102A (en) 2017-11-15 2017-11-15 A kind of frozen soil plays native machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107701102A true CN107701102A (en) 2018-02-16

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ID=61178573

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711126561.6A Pending CN107701102A (en) 2017-11-15 2017-11-15 A kind of frozen soil plays native machine

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110152823A (en) * 2018-02-28 2019-08-23 张家港市天融贸易有限公司 A kind of energy-saving soil crushing device suitable for crop planting research

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110152823A (en) * 2018-02-28 2019-08-23 张家港市天融贸易有限公司 A kind of energy-saving soil crushing device suitable for crop planting research
CN110152823B (en) * 2018-02-28 2021-02-09 江西东坚农业发展有限公司 Energy-saving soil crushing device suitable for crop planting research

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