CN1076947A - Fireproof paint - Google Patents

Fireproof paint Download PDF

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Publication number
CN1076947A
CN1076947A CN 92102102 CN92102102A CN1076947A CN 1076947 A CN1076947 A CN 1076947A CN 92102102 CN92102102 CN 92102102 CN 92102102 A CN92102102 A CN 92102102A CN 1076947 A CN1076947 A CN 1076947A
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fire
coating
ammonium
film forming
resin emulsion
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CN 92102102
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Chinese (zh)
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薛志纯
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薛志纯
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Abstract

The expansion-type fire-proof paint, belonging to acrylate-organonitride paint, contains the emulsion of modified acrylate resin as filming matter, cyanuramide as solidifying cross-linking agent, ammonium phosphate as foaming agent, polylol or starch as carbon source, barium metaborate as fire-proof filler, Mg-rich montmorillonite as refractory material, and water, all of which are mixed together to obtain the said paint. Its advantages include flame-retarding, heat isolation and better decorative performance.

Description

本发明涉及防火涂料,尤其涉及膨胀型防火涂料或丙烯酸酯-有机氮化物涂料。 The present invention relates to a fire-resistant coating, in particular, it relates to intumescent fire retardant coating or acrylate - Organic nitride coating.

众所周知,水火无情,有机物质一旦着火,使迅速蔓延、造成物毁人亡的惨祸。 As we all know, Shuihuowuqing, once the organic matter on fire, so that spread rapidly, causing physical crash horrible disaster. “防火于未然、阻火于伊始”是至关重要的。 "Fire in the first place, at the beginning of the flame arrester" is essential. 近年来,具有阻燃性能的电缆料、电器壳体、地毯等竞相问世。 In recent years, cable has flame retardant properties, electrical housing, carpets and other competing come. 阻燃材料,对防止和减轻火灾损失确实具有重大作用,是今后必需继续开发的好材料。 Flame-retardant materials, to prevent and mitigate fire damage does have a major role in the future is necessary to continue the development of good material. 但是,由于它是制造成本高,目前尚识能用之制造一些高档商品,而用之制造家庭必用的家具,在经济上是不允许的,在技术上也是没有必要的。 However, because it is expensive to manufacture, yet the knowledge can create some luxury goods, and use it for household furniture must be used in the economy is not allowed, it is technically not necessary. 因为在易燃品表面涂上一层有阻燃作用的涂料,同样可达防火、减灾之目的,而其费用确仅为家具价值的1-3%。 Because the coated surface layer of flammable materials have flame retardant coatings, can also achieve the purpose of fire prevention, and mitigation of, and determine the cost of only 1-3% of the value of the furniture.

目前的防火涂料有非膨胀型和膨胀型二类。 The current non-intumescent fire retardant coating and intumescent categories. 其中,膨胀型涂料不仅具有阻燃性能,而且因它在受高温后膨胀、形成不燃的泡状碳质层,具有隔热性能,对受火焰威胁的物体能起到减轻内部损伤的作用,故成为优先开发的产品。 Wherein the intumescent coating only has flame retardant properties, but also because it expands after the high temperature, the formation of non-combustible carbonaceous foam layer having insulation properties, the object can be threatened by fire play to reduce internal damage effect, it is be a priority for the development of products.

本发明的目的是:向社会提供一种阻燃性能优良、装饰性好而且价格较低的“膨胀型防火(阻燃)涂料”,以达到“有火防实,无火美化生活”之目的。 The purpose of the present invention are: to provide excellent performance a flame-retardant, good decoration and low prices, "intumescent fire protection (fire-retardant) coating" to the community, to achieve the "real anti-fire, no fire beautify life" purposes .

本发明是这样实现上述目的的:本防火涂料组分的选择原则是:①基于防火(阻燃)为首任,则涂料本身应是难燃的、或者不燃的,因而本涂料必需是有机聚合物与无机耐温材料的结合;②为使本涂料能在高温下膨胀并形成泡状碳质层,则本涂料必需选择合适的发泡剂,并含有充分的碳源;③为进一步减轻受除物内部损伤,涂层还应在高温下具有熔融、解聚、蒸发、分解等吸热反应,必需选择合适的有机成膜物质和固化交联剂;④出于装饰性、耐用性、防火层坚实性的需要,有机成膜物质应符合成膜性好,粘基力强的要求。 The present invention is to achieve the above object: Select fire principle of the present coating components are: ① driven and based fire (flame retardant), the coating itself should be flame retardant or non-flammable, and therefore this must be an organic polymer coating temperature of the inorganic binding material; ② to make the expandable coating is formed and the carbonaceous foam layer at a high temperature, it is necessary to select the appropriate coating of the present blowing agent, and containing sufficient carbon source; ③ is further reduced by the addition was internal damage, the coating should have a melt at high temperatures, depolymerization, evaporation, endothermic reactions such as decomposition, it is necessary to select the appropriate film-forming materials and curing of the organic crosslinking agent; ④ for decorative, durability, fireproofing needs firmness, organic film-forming material should meet the film is good, strong adhesion group requirements.

基于上述原则,本涂料选择用聚乙烯酸缩醛物改性的丙烯酸(酯)树脂乳液作为成膜剂;选择有机氮化物如三聚氰胺、甘氨酸、胍、双氰按或脲素作为固化交联剂;选择季戊四醇、淀粉或糊精制为碳源;选择磷酸铵、聚磷酸铵、磷酸二氢铵、硼酸钠或硫酰胺酸作为发泡剂;选择的防火填料是偏硼酸钡、云母粉、滑石粉、高岭土、氧化锌、钛白或氢氧化铝;选择的难耐燃剂物质是富镁蒙脱土、石英粉、硼砂、或氧化锆。 Based on the above principles, the present coating composition selection polyvinyl acetal-modified acrylic acid (ester) resin emulsion as the film-forming agent; selected organic nitrogen compound such as melamine, glycine, guanidine, urea or dicyandiamide as the curing by cross-linking agent ; selecting pentaerythritol, dextrin or starch as carbon source system; selecting phosphate, ammonium polyphosphate, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, sodium borate or sulfur acid amide as a blowing agent; the filler is selected fire barium metaborate, mica, talc , kaolin, zinc oxide, titanium dioxide or aluminum hydroxide; the selected hard materials flame retardant agent is magnesium-rich montmorillonite, silica flour, borax, or zirconia. 防火涂料是上述配料与适量水充分混合的产品,在该涂料中加入阻燃剂氯化石蜡、十溴联苯醚或磷酸三氯乙醛酯这类有机卤化物可进一步提高其阻燃性能。 The above-described fire-resistant coating formulation is thoroughly mixed with a proper amount of water of the product, flame retardant added to the coating material in chlorinated paraffin, decabromodiphenyl ether, chloral or phosphoric esters of such organic halide flame retardant properties can be further improved.

本涂料的最佳配方如下:(以重量百分数计)主要成膜物质:改性丙烯酸酯树脂乳液 23-28%(固化量:23-30%)发泡剂:磷酸铵 18-22%碳源:季戊四醇、淀粉、糊精之一或混合物 10-14%固化交联剂:三聚氰胺 13-17% Preferred coating formulations as follows :( present in weight percent) film forming materials: modified acrylic resin emulsion 23-28% (the amount of curing: 23-30%) blowing agent: ammonium 18-22% carbon : pentaerythritol, starch, dextrin or a mixture of one of 10-14% cure crosslinking agent: 13-17% melamine

防火填料:偏硼酸钡 2-5%难(耐)燃物质:富镁蒙脱土 8-12%其余为水所述配方中的成膜剂改性丙烯酸酯树脂乳液是将聚乙烯醇缩醛物与市售的丙烯酸树脂乳液或丙烯酸酯类树脂乳液混合所得之产品,其中以含有多种活性基团的乙烯基的单体共聚树脂乳液如:丙烯酸酯、乙烯醋酸乙烯树脂乳液与聚乙烯醇缩醛的混合(改性)物为最佳。 Fire Filler: barium metaborate 2-5% hard (resistance) burning substance: 8-12% magnesium montmorillonite-rich film formers remainder modified acrylic resin emulsion of the aqueous formulation is polyvinyl acetal mixing the resulting acrylic resin emulsion of the acrylic resin emulsion or the commercially available products thereof, wherein a vinyl monomer containing a plurality of reactive groups of the copolymer resin emulsion such as: acrylates, ethylene vinyl acetate resin emulsion and a polyvinyl alcohol the mixed acetal (modified) was the best. 在该涂料中加入0.5-1.5%氯化石蜡、十溴联苯醚或磷酸三氯乙苯酯能进一步提高其阻燃性能。 0.5-1.5% paraffin was added in the coating material, decabromodiphenyl ether phosphate or trichloroethyl ester can further improve its ethylbenzene flame retardant properties.

实施例与效果:例1:将本涂料涂在木器家具上,其亮度比醇酸漆稍低,光泽柔和、手感丰满,其附着力和耐酸、碱性都优于普通家具用漆。 Example of Effect: Example 1: The coating present on the coated wooden furniture, which is slightly lower than the luminance alkyd, soft gloss, feel full, the adhesion and acid and alkaline paint are superior to ordinary furniture. 其性能指标是:①涂料呈中性;②干膜附着力:2-3级;③抗冲击强度:≥30Kg.厘米;④25℃水中浸泡24小时不起泡,不脱落;⑤无毒害。 Performance indicators are: ① neutral paint; ② Dry Film Adhesion: 2-3; ③ impact strength:. ≥ 30kg cm; ④25 ℃ soaked in water for 24 hours without blistering, no loss; ⑤ non-toxic.

例2:将涂有本涂料的3毫米厚的纤维板,在酒精灯火焰(约800℃)烧十分钟无穿透现象,涂层受火焰后,形成原涂层厚度12-15倍的蜂窝状碳层,能有效的隔火隔热作用。 Example 2: The fiber coated with the present coating 3 mm thick, ten minutes without burning alcohol lamp flame penetration phenomenon (deg.] C to about 800), after coating by the flame, formed 12-15 times the original thickness of the coating of the honeycomb carbon layer, can effectively fire barrier insulating effect.

例3:将涂料(涂层厚度)涂在普通塑料电缆线上,用煤气火焰(约830℃)喷烧20分钟,塑料不起火焰,绝热性没有破坏,电缆继续通电。 Example 3: The coating (coating thickness) was applied to the ordinary plastic cable line, with a gas flame (approximately 830 ℃) burner 20 min afford plastic flame, heat insulating property is not damaged cable energization is continued.

由此可见,本涂料具备防火涂料应有之性能,且有优良的装饰性和价格便宜等优点。 Thus, this coating has a fire retardant coating proper performance, and have excellent decorative and advantages of cheaper prices.

Claims (4)

  1. 1.一种膨胀型防火涂料或丙烯酸酯树脂涂料,其特征在于:本涂料是由主要成膜物质、发泡剂、碳源、固化交联剂、防火填料、难(耐)燃材料和水组成的,其中主要成膜物质是用聚乙烯缩醛物改性的丙烯酸(酯)树脂)乳液,固化交联剂是三聚氰胺、甘氨酸、胍、双氰或脲素这类有机氮化物,碳源是季戊四醇、淀粉或糊精,发泡剂是磷酸铵、聚磷酸铵、磷酸二氢胺、硼酸钠或硫酸胺,防火填料是偏硼酸钡、云母粉、滑石粉、高岭土、氧化锌、钛白或氢氧化铝,难(耐)燃剂是富镁蒙脱土、石英粉、硼砂或氧化锆。 An intumescent fire retardant coating or acrylate resin coating material, characterized in that: The coating is composed of film forming materials, blowing agents, carbon, curing the crosslinking agent, a filler fire, hard (resistant) burning material and water composition, wherein the film forming material is polyvinyl acetal was modified acrylic (ester) resin) emulsion, curing the crosslinking agent is a melamine, glycine, guanidine, dicyandiamide, urea or such organic nitrogen compound, a carbon source pentaerythritol, dextrin or starch, a foaming agent is ammonium phosphate, ammonium polyphosphate, ammonium dihydrogen phosphate, ammonium sulfate or sodium borate, barium metaborate filler is fireproof, mica, talc, kaolin, zinc oxide, titanium dioxide or aluminum hydroxide, hard (resistance) is magnesium-rich combustion montmorillonite, quartz powder, zirconium oxide or borax.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的防火涂料,其特征在于:本涂料的最佳配方(按重量百分比数计)如下:主要成膜物质:改性丙烯酸酯树脂乳液 23-28%(固化量:23-30%)发泡剂:磷酸铵 18-22%碳源:季戊四醇、淀粉、糊精之一或共混合物 10-14%固化交联剂:三聚氰胺 13-17%防火填料:偏硼酸钡 2-5%难(耐)燃物质:富镁蒙脱土 8-12%其余为水。 The fire-resistant coating according to claim 1, wherein: the optimum coating formulations of the present (the percentage by weight basis) as follows: film forming materials: modified acrylic resin emulsion 23-28% (the amount of curing: 23-30%) blowing agent: 18-22% ammonium carbon source: one or a mixture of co-pentaerythritol, starch, dextrin 10-14% cure crosslinking agent: 13-17% melamine fire filler: barium metaborate 2 5% hard (resistance) burning substance: 8-12% magnesium montmorillonite-rich water for the rest.
  3. 3.根据权利要求1或2所述的防火涂料,其特征在于:所述防火涂料中,加入0.5-1.5%的氯化石蜡、十溴联苯醚或磷酸三氯乙醛酯能进一步提高其阻燃性能。 The fire-resistant coating of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: said fire retardant paint was added 0.5 to 1.5% of chlorinated paraffin, decabromodiphenyl ether or chloral phosphate ester can further improve its flame retardant properties.
  4. 4.根据权利要求1或2所述的防火涂料,其特征在于:所述主要成膜物质是用聚乙烯醇缩醛物与丙烯酸或丙烯酸酯类混合的(改性)产物:其用的丙烯酸(酯)树脂乳液以含有多种活性基团的乙烯基单体共聚树脂乳液(如丙烯酸酯-乙烯醋酸乙烯树脂乳液)为佳。 The fire-resistant coating of claim 1 or claim 2, wherein: said film forming material is mixed with a polyvinyl acetal acrylates and acrylic acid or (modified) of product: acrylic acid which was (ester) resin emulsion to vinyl monomers containing multiple reactive group copolymer resin emulsion (such as acrylate - vinyl acetate resin emulsion) is preferable.
CN 92102102 1992-04-01 1992-04-01 Fireproof paint CN1076947A (en)

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Cited By (21)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1038137C (en) * 1992-09-29 1998-04-22 天津市东光特种涂料总厂 Expanding type modification perchloroethene refractory paint and making method thereof
US6894099B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2005-05-17 Ecoseal Technologies Inc. Stabilized borax based fire retardant system
CN1315959C (en) * 2005-04-26 2007-05-16 四川大学 New expansion type facing fire retardant coating in environmental protection
CN100427544C (en) 2003-11-26 2008-10-22 株式会社E-Tec Non-halogen flame resistant base material and carpet for vehicle or airplane use
CN101818003A (en) * 2010-04-13 2010-09-01 山东理工大学 Environmental-friendly composite water-proof paint
CN101968061A (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-02-09 苏州顶裕节能设备有限公司 Explosionproof fan
CN102272067A (en) * 2008-09-19 2011-12-07 阿米特·阿肖克·甘普莱 Preparation of a hydraulic cement and aggregate water heat reflective insulating products for
CN102329549A (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-01-25 湖南新纪元消防工程有限公司 Water-borne inflation type refractory coating and preparation method thereof
CN102926200A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-02-13 台州学院 Flame-retardant cotton fiber and preparation method thereof
CN103013246A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-04-03 青岛华电高压电气有限公司 Flame retarding coating
CN103403104A (en) * 2011-02-24 2013-11-20 莫尔斯技术联合股份有限公司 Fire-resistant coating material ADINA
CN103627263A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-03-12 江苏博思源防火材料科技有限公司 Highly chlorinated polyethylene fireproof coating
CN103711210A (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-04-09 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 Method for manufacturing flame-retardant, waterproof and breathable films for external heat insulation for curtain walls
CN103773170A (en) * 2014-02-20 2014-05-07 铜陵祥云消防科技有限责任公司 Fireproof coating with black mica powder
CN104263158A (en) * 2014-10-20 2015-01-07 徐妍玲 Thermal insulation waterproof coating
CN104352033A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-18 江苏汇源拉链制造有限公司 Novel zipper
CN104352032A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-18 江苏汇源拉链制造有限公司 Flame retardant zipper
CN104441896A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-03-25 常熟市梅李镇赵市永宏红木家具厂 Blackwood furniture with precise structure
CN104845464A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-08-19 铜陵祥云消防科技有限责任公司 Novel fireproof coating with good fireproof effect
CN104861804A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-08-26 江苏江城电气有限公司 Fire retardant coating for bus duct
CN106882466A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-06-23 滁州卷烟材料厂 Night easy-identifying corrugated case

Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1038137C (en) * 1992-09-29 1998-04-22 天津市东光特种涂料总厂 Expanding type modification perchloroethene refractory paint and making method thereof
US6894099B2 (en) 2002-07-03 2005-05-17 Ecoseal Technologies Inc. Stabilized borax based fire retardant system
CN100427544C (en) 2003-11-26 2008-10-22 株式会社E-Tec Non-halogen flame resistant base material and carpet for vehicle or airplane use
CN1315959C (en) * 2005-04-26 2007-05-16 四川大学 New expansion type facing fire retardant coating in environmental protection
CN102272067A (en) * 2008-09-19 2011-12-07 阿米特·阿肖克·甘普莱 Preparation of a hydraulic cement and aggregate water heat reflective insulating products for
CN101818003A (en) * 2010-04-13 2010-09-01 山东理工大学 Environmental-friendly composite water-proof paint
CN101968061A (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-02-09 苏州顶裕节能设备有限公司 Explosionproof fan
CN103403104A (en) * 2011-02-24 2013-11-20 莫尔斯技术联合股份有限公司 Fire-resistant coating material ADINA
CN102329549A (en) * 2011-06-24 2012-01-25 湖南新纪元消防工程有限公司 Water-borne inflation type refractory coating and preparation method thereof
CN102926200A (en) * 2012-09-25 2013-02-13 台州学院 Flame-retardant cotton fiber and preparation method thereof
CN103711210B (en) * 2012-09-29 2016-05-04 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 A process for preparing flame-retardant waterproof breathable membrane for external wall insulation
CN103711210A (en) * 2012-09-29 2014-04-09 北京建筑材料科学研究总院有限公司 Method for manufacturing flame-retardant, waterproof and breathable films for external heat insulation for curtain walls
CN103013246A (en) * 2012-12-19 2013-04-03 青岛华电高压电气有限公司 Flame retarding coating
CN103627263A (en) * 2013-11-14 2014-03-12 江苏博思源防火材料科技有限公司 Highly chlorinated polyethylene fireproof coating
CN103773170B (en) * 2014-02-20 2016-02-17 铜陵祥云消防科技有限责任公司 A way to add fire-resistant coating of black mica
CN103773170A (en) * 2014-02-20 2014-05-07 铜陵祥云消防科技有限责任公司 Fireproof coating with black mica powder
CN104263158A (en) * 2014-10-20 2015-01-07 徐妍玲 Thermal insulation waterproof coating
CN104352032A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-18 江苏汇源拉链制造有限公司 Flame retardant zipper
CN104352033A (en) * 2014-11-19 2015-02-18 江苏汇源拉链制造有限公司 Novel zipper
CN104441896A (en) * 2014-12-18 2015-03-25 常熟市梅李镇赵市永宏红木家具厂 Blackwood furniture with precise structure
CN104845464A (en) * 2015-04-23 2015-08-19 铜陵祥云消防科技有限责任公司 Novel fireproof coating with good fireproof effect
CN104861804A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-08-26 江苏江城电气有限公司 Fire retardant coating for bus duct
CN106882466A (en) * 2017-04-10 2017-06-23 滁州卷烟材料厂 Night easy-identifying corrugated case

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