CN107691142A - A kind of highland barley resists the implantation methods of arid - Google Patents

A kind of highland barley resists the implantation methods of arid Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107691142A
CN107691142A CN201710971101.7A CN201710971101A CN107691142A CN 107691142 A CN107691142 A CN 107691142A CN 201710971101 A CN201710971101 A CN 201710971101A CN 107691142 A CN107691142 A CN 107691142A
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China
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highland barley
stage
irrigation
soil
water
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Inventor
侯亚红
李雪
宋国英
张华国
杨素涛
谢永春
刘国
刘国一
秦基伟
马瑞萍
高雪
边巴卓玛
尼玛扎西
谭海运
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Institute Of Agricultural Resources And Environment Of Tibet Academy Of Agricultural And Animal Husbandry Sciences
Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine of Tibet Academy of Agriculture and Animal Husbandry Sciences
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Institute Of Agricultural Resources And Environment Of Tibet Academy Of Agricultural And Animal Husbandry Sciences
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Priority to CN201710971101.7A priority Critical patent/CN107691142A/en
Publication of CN107691142A publication Critical patent/CN107691142A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • A01C1/06Coating or dressing seed
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilising, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G25/00Watering gardens, fields, sports grounds or the like

Abstract

The invention discloses the implantation methods that a kind of highland barley resists arid, it is related to agricultural plantation technology field.The inventive method includes:Site preparation early stage, irrigation and fertilising are sowed, drought resisting processing is carried out to highland barley seed, soil moisture conservation processing after planting is carried out to soil;Sow mid-term and carry out tillage and weeding in the highland barley jointing stage, highland barley is irrigated using moisture in the soil regulation and control irrigation method is surveyed in highland barley jointing stage to the pustulation period, resisting drought saving water is carried out using water-loss reducer in the highland barley jointing stage to pustulation period;The sowing later stage sprays foliar fertilizer in highland barley boot stage to pustulation period to highland barley.The inventive method can improve soil permeability and water-retaining property, be regulated and controled by soil moisture, reduce the invalid Physiological Water Consumption of crop, realize water-saving irrigation;The inventive method can fully meet the physiological water requirement of highland barley simultaneously, reduce irrigation water, improve highland barley drought resistance, improve highland barley emergence rate, effective tillering and grain number per spike, mass of 1000 kernel, the combating drought and raising yields positive effect to highland barley.

Description

A kind of highland barley resists the implantation methods of arid
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of agricultural cultivation, more particularly to a kind of highland barley to resist the implantation methods of arid.
Background technology
The Tibet local annual rainfall of the overwhelming majority is low (less than 400 millimeters), but year evaporation capacity height (more than 2000 millimeters), and Rainwater skewness, rainy season are concentrated mainly on 7,8,9 three months, and rainfall accounts for more than the 70-80% of annual precipitation.From Tibet Rainfall distribution sees that, in Highland Barley In Xizang fertility drought early stage, the later stage, rainfall is plentiful.Spring drought and summer drought can hinder the normal of highland barley Grow.Climate warming shifts to an earlier date the sowing time of Highland Barley In Xizang, suitable for highland barley sowing height above sea level it is increased simultaneously because Tibet major part agriculture district belongs to arid and semiarid climatic region, highland barley drought aggravate year by year, in highland barley growth and development process In often coerced by drought environment.At initial stage in spring, highland barley seedtime, if there is dry weather, seedling can be made It is more difficult to break ground, and the phenomenon on the disconnected ridge that causes to be short of seedling occurs.Later stage in spring, highland barley are in the ear differentiation stage, and now crops are photosynthetic Effect is stronger, and metabolism is more vigorous, and leaf transpiration amount is larger.Highland barley different growing to Droughts sensitiveness not Together, in highland barley key water requirement period, water requirement accounts for the 30%~35% of whole Precipitation During Growing total amount therebetween.The critical period of water requirement occurs Dry weather is larger to yield effect, and the highland barley critical period of water requirement generally occurs, in jointing-pustulation period, period arid, to reduce Fringe grain.The insect pests such as the plague of locusts often occur in drought period, influence crops quality and yield.
It is, thus, sought for a relatively reasonable highland barley resists the implantation methods of Tibet seasonal drought.
The content of the invention
In view of this, the embodiments of the invention provide the implantation methods that a kind of highland barley resists arid, main purpose is to improve Highland barley resists the ability of Tibet seasonal drought.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, invention broadly provides following technical scheme:
On the one hand, the embodiments of the invention provide the implantation methods that a kind of highland barley resists arid, methods described to include:
Site preparation early stage, irrigation and fertilising are sowed, drought resisting processing is carried out to highland barley seed, after planting soil is carried out at soil moisture conservation Reason;
Sow mid-term and carry out tillage and weeding in the highland barley jointing stage, irrigated in highland barley jointing stage to the pustulation period using moisture in the soil regulation and control are surveyed Method is irrigated highland barley, and resisting drought saving water is carried out using water-loss reducer in the highland barley jointing stage to pustulation period;
The sowing later stage sprays foliar fertilizer in highland barley boot stage to pustulation period to highland barley.
Preferably, the site preparation, irrigation and the concrete operations of fertilising:Tibet Chun Qing farmlands need to after first planting crop harvesting, 9 Middle of the month Fallow of cropland weeds spray 1-2 times when growing, and every minor tick 7 days, the coming year sprays 1 herbicide again by the end of March;April 10-15 or so is irrigated, and is poured permeable;15-20 days in April are ploughed, and are ploughed deeply with machinery, plough deep 30-40cm, are picked up except field is miscellaneous After grass, on the basis of mu applies high-quality more than organic fertilizer 2000kg, formula uses sufficient inorganic fertilizer, 15 kgs/acre of urea, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 10-15kg/ mus, potassium chloride 4-6kg/ mus, bombard fertilization method using one, and organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer are disposably made into base manure deep placement Enter soil, with rotary cultivator level land, ensure that soil layer is smooth loose.
Preferably, the concrete operations that drought resisting processing is carried out to highland barley seed:Before sowing, bask seeds 2-3d, with 1% chlorine Change calcium seed dressing, dry sowing through 5-6 hours or 0.5% fulvic acid is dressed seed, heap is sowed after vexed 6-8 hour.
Preferably, the application rate of the highland barley is 14kg/ mus, depth of planting is 3-4 centimetres, line-spacing 20cm, described to broadcast The concrete operations of soil moisture conservation processing are carried out after kind to soil:After planting rake, suppressed with stone roller, after uniformly spread last layer on the face of field Crushing straw or pine needle and fallen leaves, to ensure soil moisture humidity, thickness control is in 2-3cm.
Preferably, the sowing mid-term carries out the concrete operations of tillage and weeding in the highland barley jointing stage:Highland barley is in the jointing stage Tillage and weeding is carried out, with hoe after highland barley in the ranks weeding, hoe is drawn in time and is in the ranks ditched in highland barley with hoe, earth culture to both sides The root of highland barley, so that highland barley rhizome extends, and play a part of heating, preserve soil moisture, promoting root growth is early sent out;The highland barley stem elongation stage should regard seedling Feelings, field fertility level Rational Application top dressing, in favor of strengthening stalk lodging-prevention.
Preferably, the tool irrigated in highland barley jointing stage to the pustulation period using moisture in the soil regulation and control irrigation method is surveyed highland barley Gymnastics is made:Irrigated according to soil tilth, when highland barley tiller to jointing stage soil moisture content is less than field capacity 45% will be irrigated, irrigation quantity 40m3/ mu -50m3/ mu, frequency of irrigation are 1 time;Jointing is to boot stage soil moisture content 55% less than field capacity will be irrigated, irrigation quantity 60m3/ mu -70m3/ mu, frequency of irrigation regard rain fall and It is fixed, generally 2 times, every time -10 days 7 days;Booting and filling stage wants Controlled irrigation amount, and soil moisture content is less than field capacity 45%, irrigation quantity 40m3/ mu -50m3/ mu, frequency of irrigation is depending on rain fall, generally 1-2 times;In jointing to pustulation period Between, single rainfall is more than 5mm, can postpone irrigation time, and total rainfall is not less than 20mm, without irrigating.
Preferably, the concrete operations in the highland barley jointing stage to pustulation period using water-loss reducer progress resisting drought saving water:It is right In the bad field of irrigation conditions, 200 times of liquid are diluted to using water-loss reducer in highland barley jointing to pustulation period, depth is opened in highland barley root 20cm~30cm ditches, carry out earthing after ditch pouring.
Preferably, the sowing later stage sprays the concrete operations of foliar fertilizer in highland barley boot stage to pustulation period to highland barley: In highland barley boot stage, the spraying of 0.1%-2% potassium dihydrogen phosphates is every to be sprayed once to grouting latter stage for 7-10 days;The blade face of highland barley and Blade back will be uniformly sprayed onto, and be the morning of fine day when spraying every time, be filled spray again once in case of rained second day.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The highland barley of the present invention resists the implantation methods of Tibet seasonal drought, and operation is reasonable, fertilising and irrigation system kind Plant, be advantageous to the growth of highland barley.The highland barley of the present invention resists the implantation methods and Tibetan Peasants routine of Tibet seasonal drought Highland barley planting technology is compared, and the inventive method can improve soil permeability and water-retaining property, be regulated and controled by soil moisture, reduces crop Invalid Physiological Water Consumption, realize water-saving irrigation;The inventive method can fully meet the physiological water requirement of highland barley simultaneously, reduce to irrigate and use Water, highland barley drought resistance is improved, highland barley emergence rate, effective tillering and grain number per spike, mass of 1000 kernel are improved, to the combating drought and raising yields effect of highland barley Substantially.
Embodiment
Be further illustrate the present invention to reach the technological means and effect that predetermined goal of the invention is taken, below with compared with Good embodiment, to embodiment, technical scheme, feature and its effect according to the present patent application, describe in detail as after.Under State it is bright in multiple embodiments in special characteristic, structure or feature can be combined by any suitable form.
Embodiment 1 (dry year)
A kind of highland barley resists the implantation methods of Tibet seasonal drought, including following steps:
(1) site preparation, irrigation, fertilising
Tibet Chun Qing farmlands need to be after first planting crop harvesting, and in mid-September, 2014, Fallow of cropland weeds sprayed 1-2 when growing It is secondary, every minor tick 7 days, spray 1 herbicide again in by the end of March, 2015;April 10 is irrigated, and is poured permeable;April 15 was turned over Ground, ploughed deeply with machinery, plough deep 30-40cm, picked up except after weeds in field, on the basis of mu applies high-quality more than organic fertilizer 2000kg, matching somebody with somebody Side uses sufficient inorganic fertilizer, and 15 kgs/acre of urea, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 15kg/ mus, potassium chloride 6kg/ mus, will using " one bombards " fertilization method Organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer are disposably made base manure and are manured into soil deeply, with rotary cultivator level land, ensure that soil layer is smooth loose;
(2) seed treatment and preserving soil moisture
Dark blue 320 kind of seed, before sowing, bask seeds 2~3d, is dressed seed with 1% calcium chloride, dries sowing through 5-6 hours, Heap is sowed after vexed 6-8 hour.Application rate is 14kg/ mus, and depth of planting is 3-4 centimetres, line-spacing 20cm, is after planting raked, and is used Stone roller suppress, after last layer crushing straw or pine needle and fallen leaves are uniformly spread on the face of field, for ensure soil moisture humidity, thickness Control is in 2cm or so;
(3) mid-term field management
Highland barley carries out tillage and weeding in the jointing stage, with hoe after highland barley in the ranks weeding, draws hoe in time and is in the ranks used in highland barley Hoe is ditched, earth culture to the root of both sides highland barley, so that the elongation of highland barley rhizome, and plays and heat, preserves soil moisture, the work that promoting root growth is early sent out With;The highland barley stem elongation stage should regard the growth of cereal crop seedlings, field fertility level Rational Application top dressing, in favor of strengthening stalk lodging-prevention;
(4) because soil moisture content carries out Reasonable Regulation And Control irrigation
Jointing to the key that grouting is highland barley needs the water phase, and the highland barley jointing stage to irrigation at seed filling stage is irrigated using moisture in the soil regulation and control are surveyed Method, key point are exactly to do a good job of it jointing, booting, grouting water;Irrigated according to soil tilth, when highland barley tiller to jointing stage soil 45% of earth water content less than field capacity will be irrigated, irrigation quantity 50m3/ mu, frequency of irrigation are 1 time.Jointing is extremely 55% of boot stage soil moisture content less than field capacity will be irrigated, 60m3/ mu, pour water 2 times, 10 days every time;It is pregnant Fringe to the pustulation period wants Controlled irrigation amount, and soil moisture content is less than the 45% of field capacity, and irrigation quantity is 50m3/ mus, depending on rainfall Depending on situation, 2 numbers of pouring water;
(5) compounding application chemistry anti-drought water-retaining agent resisting drought saving water
2015 are Tibet dry year, 200 times of liquid are diluted to using water-loss reducer in highland barley jointing to pustulation period, in highland barley root Portion opens 20cm ditches, carries out earthing after ditch pouring, a small amount of water is filled after;
(6) later stage booting and filling stage carries out foliage-spray processing to highland barley
In highland barley boot stage, 0.1%~2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, which is sprayed every 7 days, to be sprayed once to grouting latter stage;Spray altogether 4 times, the blade face of highland barley and blade back will be uniformly sprayed onto, and be the morning of fine day when spraying every time, be mended again in case of rained second day Spray is once.
Embodiment 2 (dry year)
A kind of highland barley resists the implantation methods of Tibet seasonal drought, including following steps:
1) site preparation, irrigation, fertilising
Tibet Chun Qing farmlands need to be after first planting crop harvesting, and in mid-September, 2014, Fallow of cropland weeds sprayed 1-2 when growing It is secondary, every minor tick 7 days, spray 1 herbicide again in by the end of March, 2015.April 15 or so is irrigated, and is poured permeable;April 20 entered Row is ploughed, and is ploughed deeply with machinery, is ploughed deep 30-40cm, picked up except after weeds in field, mu applies high-quality more than organic fertilizer 2000kg basis On, formula uses sufficient inorganic fertilizer, 15 kgs/acre of urea, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 10kg/ mus, potassium chloride 4kg/ mus, is applied fertilizer using " one bombards " Method, organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer are disposably made into base manure and are manured into soil deeply, with rotary cultivator level land, ensure that soil layer is smooth loose;
(2) seed treatment and preserving soil moisture
Dark blue 2000 kind of seed, before sowing, bask seeds 2~3d, is dressed seed with 1% calcium chloride, dries and broadcast through 5-6 hours Kind, heap is sowed after vexed 6-8 hour;Application rate is 14kg/ mus, and depth of planting is 3-4 centimetres, line-spacing 20cm, is after planting raked, Suppressed with stone roller, after last layer crushing straw or pine needle and fallen leaves are uniformly spread on the face of field, it is thick to ensure soil moisture humidity Degree control is in 2cm or so;
(3) mid-term field management
Highland barley carries out tillage and weeding in the jointing stage, with hoe after highland barley in the ranks weeding, draws hoe in time and is in the ranks used in highland barley Hoe is ditched, earth culture to the root of both sides highland barley, so that the elongation of highland barley rhizome, and plays and heat, preserves soil moisture, the work that promoting root growth is early sent out With;The highland barley stem elongation stage should regard the growth of cereal crop seedlings, field fertility level Rational Application top dressing, in favor of strengthening stalk lodging-prevention;
(4) because soil moisture content carries out Reasonable Regulation And Control irrigation
Jointing to the key that grouting is highland barley needs the water phase, and the highland barley jointing stage to irrigation at seed filling stage is irrigated using moisture in the soil regulation and control are surveyed Method, key point are exactly to do a good job of it jointing, booting, grouting water.Irrigated according to soil tilth, when highland barley tiller to jointing stage soil 45% of earth water content less than field capacity will be irrigated, irrigation quantity 50m3/ mu, frequency of irrigation are 1 time.Jointing is extremely 55% of boot stage soil moisture content less than field capacity will be irrigated, 60m3/ mu, pour water 2 times, 7 days every time.Booting Controlled irrigation amount is wanted to the pustulation period, soil moisture content is less than the 45% of field capacity, irrigation quantity 50m3/ mu, depending on rainfall feelings Depending on condition, 2 numbers of pouring water;
(5) compounding application chemistry anti-drought water-retaining agent resisting drought saving water
2015 are Tibet dry year, 200 times of liquid are diluted to using water-loss reducer in highland barley jointing to pustulation period, in highland barley root Portion opens 20cm ditches, carries out earthing after ditch pouring, a small amount of water is filled after;
(6) later stage booting and filling stage carries out foliage-spray processing to highland barley
In highland barley boot stage, 0.1%~2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, which is sprayed every 7 days, to be sprayed once to grouting latter stage;Spray altogether 4 times, the blade face of highland barley and blade back will be uniformly sprayed onto, and be the morning of fine day when spraying every time, be mended again in case of rained second day Spray is once.
Embodiment 3 (abundance of water time)
A kind of highland barley resists the implantation methods of Tibet seasonal drought, including following steps:
(1) site preparation, irrigation, fertilising
Tibet Chun Qing farmlands need to be after first planting crop harvesting, and in mid-September, 2015, Fallow of cropland weeds sprayed 1-2 when growing It is secondary, every minor tick 7 days, spray 1 herbicide again in by the end of March, 2015.April 10 is irrigated, and is poured permeable;April 15 was turned over Ground, ploughed deeply with machinery, plough deep 30-40cm, picked up except after weeds in field, on the basis of mu applies high-quality more than organic fertilizer 2000kg, matching somebody with somebody Side uses sufficient inorganic fertilizer, and 15 kgs/acre of urea, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 10kg/ mus, potassium chloride 4kg/ mus, will using " one bombards " fertilization method Organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer are disposably made base manure and are manured into soil deeply, with rotary cultivator level land, ensure that soil layer is smooth loose;
(2) seed treatment and preserving soil moisture
Dark blue 2000 kind of seed, before sowing, bask seeds 2~3d, is dressed seed with 1% calcium chloride, dries and broadcast through 5-6 hours Kind, heap is sowed after vexed 6-8 hour.Application rate is 14kg/ mus, and depth of planting is 3-4 centimetres, line-spacing 20cm, is after planting raked, Suppressed with stone roller, after last layer crushing straw or pine needle and fallen leaves are uniformly spread on the face of field, it is thick to ensure soil moisture humidity Degree control is in 1~2cm;
(3) mid-term field management
Highland barley carries out tillage and weeding in the jointing stage, with hoe after highland barley in the ranks weeding, draws hoe in time and is in the ranks used in highland barley Hoe is ditched, earth culture to the root of both sides highland barley, so that the elongation of highland barley rhizome, and plays and heat, preserves soil moisture, the work that promoting root growth is early sent out With.The highland barley stem elongation stage should regard the growth of cereal crop seedlings, field fertility level Rational Application top dressing, in favor of strengthening stalk lodging-prevention;
(4) because soil moisture content carries out Reasonable Regulation And Control irrigation
Jointing to the key that grouting is highland barley needs the water phase, and the highland barley jointing stage to irrigation at seed filling stage is irrigated using moisture in the soil regulation and control are surveyed Method, key point are exactly to do a good job of it jointing, booting, grouting water.Irrigated according to soil tilth, when highland barley tiller to jointing stage soil 45% of earth water content less than field capacity will be irrigated, irrigation quantity 40m3/ mu, frequency of irrigation are 1 time;Jointing is extremely 55% of boot stage soil moisture content less than field capacity will be irrigated, 60m3/ mu, pour water 1 time;Rainy season in 2016 carries Before, booting and filling stage soil moisture content reaches more than 75%, Controlled irrigation amount, frequency of irrigation 0;
(5) later stage booting and filling stage carries out foliage-spray processing to highland barley
In highland barley boot stage, 0.1%~2% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, which is sprayed every 7 days, to be sprayed once to grouting latter stage;Spray altogether 4 times, the blade face of highland barley and blade back will be uniformly sprayed onto, and be the morning of fine day when spraying every time, be mended again in case of rained second day Spray is once.
Comparative example 1
The difference of this comparative example 1 and embodiment 1 is, " the new side for resisting seasonal drought that example 1 " uses Method, from seed treatment to field management to regulation and control irrigate all from " contrast 1 " traditional cultivation management method it is different, " example 1 " Seed passes through 1% calcium chloride Dressing, improves the drought-resistant ability of seed, than " emergence rate of contrast 1 " improves 14.2%, The tiller of mid-term highland barley to heading stage to highland barley farmland because soil moisture content carries out Rational Irrigation, reduce irrigation quantity, reduce the invalid consumption of highland barley Water, the traditional irrigation than comparative example 1 reduce by 70~100m3The irrigation quantity of/mu;Later stage ears carries out blade face to the pustulation period to highland barley The technical methods such as processing are sprayed, highland barley heading and moisture, the nutrient supply of pustulation period can be not only supplemented, also reduce infertile small Spike number, " example 1 " is than " grain number per spike of the traditional cultivation method of contrast 1 " is higher by that 21.19%, mass of 1000 kernel is high by 4.6%, per mu yield simultaneously Measure high by 20.48%.
Comparative example 2
The difference of this comparative example 2 and embodiment 2 is, " seed of example 2 " passes through 1% calcium chloride Dressing, The drought-resistant ability of seed is improved, and " does not pass through any processing during the sowing of contrast 2 ", is directly sowed;" example 2 " compares " emergence rate of contrast 2 " improves 10.2%, mid-term in management " example 2 " root of highland barley is carried out ridging heat, preserve soil moisture, The effect that promoting root growth is early sent out, highland barley stem elongation stage should regard the growth of cereal crop seedlings, field fertility level Rational Application top dressing, so that strong stalk is anti-down Volt;The tiller of mid-term highland barley to heading stage to highland barley farmland because soil moisture content carries out Rational Irrigation, reduce irrigation quantity, it is invalid to reduce highland barley Water consumption, the traditional irrigation for comparing ratio reduce the irrigation quantity of 70m3/ mus;Later stage ears to be carried out at foliage-spray to the pustulation period to highland barley The technical methods such as reason, highland barley heading and moisture, the nutrient supply of pustulation period can be not only supplemented, also reduces infertile spikelet number, " example 2 " is than " grain number per spike of the traditional cultivation method of contrast 2 " is higher by that 21.7%, mass of 1000 kernel is high by 16.4%, per mu yield is high simultaneously 20.04%.
Comparative example 3
The difference of this comparative example 3 is that the seed of example 3 " passes through 1% calcium chloride Dressing, improves seed Drought-resistant ability, and " do not pass through any processing during the sowing of contrast 3 ", directly sowed;" example 3 " is than " the emergence of contrast 3 " Rate improves 11.3%, and " example 3 " carries out ridging to the root of highland barley and heats, preserves soil moisture, the work that promoting root growth is early sent out mid-term in management With the highland barley stem elongation stage should regard the growth of cereal crop seedlings, field fertility level Rational Application top dressing, in favor of strengthening stalk lodging-prevention;" example 3 " with " 3 " highland barleys of contrast in heading stage rainy season set, and rainy season set two weeks more early than former years, and daily rainfall is larger, " contrasts 3 " still The duty of traditional irrigation is so used, broad irrigation, highland barley is occurred lodging phenomenon at heading stage, and " example 3 " is in mid-term Highland barley tiller to heading stage to highland barley farmland because soil moisture content carries out Rational Irrigation, reduce irrigation quantity, reduce highland barley ineffective water consumption, than " traditional irrigation of contrast 3 " reduces the irrigation quantity of 100m3/ mus;Highland barley is controlled in excessive growth, reduces the ratio of highland barley lodging; Later stage ears carries out the technical methods such as foliage-spray processing to the pustulation period to highland barley, can not only supplement highland barley heading and pustulation period Moisture, nutrient supply, also reduce infertile spikelet number, simultaneously " example 3 " than " contrast 3 " traditional cultivation method grain number per spike It is higher by that 9.5%, mass of 1000 kernel is high by 19.8%, per mu yield is high by 24.8%.
Difference between example 1,2,3 is that " example 1 " uses dark blue 320 kind of old kind, example 2 and example 3 All it is to be used as tested variety from dark blue 2000, it is dry year to be a difference in that example 1,2 kind of plant, and the plantation of example 3 is in wet Moisten the time.Contrasted by old and new cultivars, the different in moisture time compares, example 1,2,3 pass through seed drought resisting handle, good field Between management and reasonably because moisture in the soil is irrigated, its yield is above corresponding comparative example plantation yield.
Highland barley production situation, yield and irrigation quantity of embodiment 1- embodiments 3 and comparative example 1- comparative examples 3 etc. is entered Row is monitored and recorded, and sees Tables 1 and 2.
The different cultivars highland barley process for producing character of table 1. and rate schedule
The different cultivars highland barley of table 2. handles irrigation quantity and efficiency of water application
As a result show, sowing time early stage can improve the drought-resistant ability of seed to highland barley seed drought resisting processing, improve emergence Rate, the covering of soil moisturizing processing stalk reduce Evapotranspiration of The Soil Water, improve water retention;The tiller of mid-term highland barley is to taking out Ear period, because soil moisture content carries out Rational Irrigation, reduces irrigation quantity to highland barley farmland, reduces highland barley ineffective water consumption;Later stage ears to grouting Phase carries out the technical methods such as foliage-spray processing to highland barley, can not only supplement highland barley heading and the nutrient supply of pustulation period, and And moisture can be provided to highland barley blade face in drought period.Simultaneously in the rainy time, mid-term highland barley tiller to heading stage is to highland barley farmland The lodging that can also reduce highland barley is irrigated in control.Therefore, highland barley resists the implantation methods of Tibet seasonal drought to different year I.e. yield can significantly be improved to different Highland Barley In Xizang kinds again by realizing water-saving irrigation.
Part, those skilled in the art can not select from the prior art to the greatest extent in the embodiment of the present invention.
Disclosed above is only the embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited thereto, and is appointed What those familiar with the art the invention discloses technical scope in, change or replacement can be readily occurred in, all should It is included within the scope of the present invention.Therefore, protection scope of the present invention should using above-mentioned scope of the claims as It is accurate.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of highland barley resists the implantation methods of arid, it is characterised in that methods described includes:
Site preparation early stage, irrigation and fertilising are sowed, drought resisting processing is carried out to highland barley seed, soil moisture conservation processing after planting is carried out to soil;
Sow mid-term and carry out tillage and weeding in the highland barley jointing stage, regulate and control irrigation method pair using moisture in the soil is surveyed in highland barley jointing stage to the pustulation period Highland barley is irrigated, and resisting drought saving water is carried out using water-loss reducer in the highland barley jointing stage to pustulation period;
The sowing later stage sprays foliar fertilizer in highland barley boot stage to pustulation period to highland barley.
2. a kind of highland barley according to claim 1 resists the implantation methods of arid, it is characterised in that the site preparation, irrigation And the concrete operations of fertilising:Tibet Chun Qing farmlands need to be after first planting crop harvesting, and mid-September, Fallow of cropland weeds were sprayed when growing 1-2 times, every minor tick 7 days, the coming year sprays 1 herbicide again by the end of March;April, 10-15 or so was irrigated, and was poured permeable;April 15- Ploughed within 20th, ploughed deeply with machinery, plough deep 30-40cm, picked up except after weeds in field, mu applies high-quality more than organic fertilizer 2000kg On the basis of, formula uses sufficient inorganic fertilizer, 15 kgs/acre of urea, Diammonium phosphate (DAP) 10-15kg/ mus, potassium chloride 4-6kg/ mus, using one Fertilization method is bombarded, organic fertilizer and inorganic fertilizer are disposably made into base manure is manured into soil deeply, with rotary cultivator level land, ensures that soil layer is smooth It is loose.
3. a kind of highland barley according to claim 1 resists the implantation methods of arid, it is characterised in that described to highland barley seed Carry out the concrete operations of drought resisting processing:Before sowing, bask seeds 2-3d, with 1% calcium chloride dress seed, through 5-6 hours dry sowing or 0.5% fulvic acid is dressed seed, and heap is sowed after vexed 6-8 hour.
4. a kind of highland barley according to claim 1 resists the implantation methods of arid, it is characterised in that the sowing of the highland barley It is 3-4 centimetres to measure as 14kg/ mus, depth of planting, line-spacing 20cm, the specific behaviour that soil moisture conservation processing is after planting carried out to soil Make:After planting rake, suppressed with stone roller, after last layer crushing straw or pine needle and fallen leaves are uniformly spread on the face of field, for ensure Soil moisture humidity, thickness control is in 2-3cm.
5. a kind of highland barley according to claim 1 resists the implantation methods of arid, it is characterised in that the sowing mid-term exists The highland barley jointing stage carries out the concrete operations of tillage and weeding:Highland barley carries out tillage and weeding in the jointing stage, is in the ranks removed in highland barley with hoe After grass, in time draw hoe in the ranks ditched in highland barley with hoe, earth culture to the root of both sides highland barley, so that highland barley rhizome elongation, and Play a part of heating, preserve soil moisture, promoting root growth is early sent out;The highland barley stem elongation stage should regard the growth of cereal crop seedlings, field fertility level Rational Application top dressing, with Beneficial to strong stalk lodging-prevention.
6. a kind of highland barley according to claim 1 resists the implantation methods of arid, it is characterised in that described in highland barley jointing The concrete operations that phase to the pustulation period is irrigated highland barley using moisture in the soil regulation and control irrigation method is surveyed:Irrigated according to soil tilth, To be irrigated when highland barley tiller to jointing stage soil moisture content is less than the 45% of field capacity, irrigation quantity 40m3/ mu- 50m3/ mu, frequency of irrigation are 1 time;Jointing to boot stage soil moisture content less than field capacity 55% i.e. to be irrigated, Irrigation quantity is 60m3/ mu -70m3/ mus, and frequency of irrigation is depending on rain fall, generally 2 times, -10 days 7 days every time;Booting is extremely Pustulation period wants Controlled irrigation amount, and soil moisture content is less than the 45% of field capacity, irrigation quantity 40m3/ mu -50m3/ mu, pours water Number is depending on rain fall, generally 1-2 times;In jointing to during being in the milk, single rainfall is more than 5mm, can postpone filling Irrigate the time, total rainfall is not less than 20mm, without irrigating.
7. a kind of highland barley according to claim 1 resists the implantation methods of arid, it is characterised in that described in highland barley jointing Phase to the pustulation period carries out the concrete operations of resisting drought saving water using water-loss reducer:For the bad field of irrigation conditions, in highland barley jointing 200 times of liquid are diluted to using water-loss reducer to the pustulation period, deep 20cm~30cm ditches are opened in highland barley root, carry out earthing after ditch pouring.
8. a kind of highland barley according to claim 1 resists the implantation methods of arid, it is characterised in that the sowing later stage exists Highland barley boot stage to the pustulation period sprays the concrete operations of foliar fertilizer to highland barley:Highland barley boot stage, 0.1%-2% biphosphates Potassium spraying is every to be sprayed once to grouting latter stage for 7-10 days;The blade face of highland barley and blade back will be uniformly sprayed onto, and be when spraying every time In the morning of fine day, filled spray again once in case of rained second day.
CN201710971101.7A 2017-10-18 2017-10-18 A kind of highland barley resists the implantation methods of arid Pending CN107691142A (en)

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