CN107686896A - A kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace - Google Patents

A kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107686896A
CN107686896A CN201710801876.XA CN201710801876A CN107686896A CN 107686896 A CN107686896 A CN 107686896A CN 201710801876 A CN201710801876 A CN 201710801876A CN 107686896 A CN107686896 A CN 107686896A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
flues
rotating ball
turning collar
furnace
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710801876.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
诸葛明
Original Assignee
诸葛明
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 诸葛明 filed Critical 诸葛明
Priority to CN201710801876.XA priority Critical patent/CN107686896A/en
Publication of CN107686896A publication Critical patent/CN107686896A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C22METALLURGY; FERROUS OR NON-FERROUS ALLOYS; TREATMENT OF ALLOYS OR NON-FERROUS METALS
    • C22BPRODUCTION AND REFINING OF METALS; PRETREATMENT OF RAW MATERIALS
    • C22B19/00Obtaining zinc or zinc oxide
    • C22B19/20Obtaining zinc otherwise than by distilling

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace, including vertical furnace, the combustion chamber that multilayer is laminated vertically is provided with the vertical furnace, multiple first jets for being used to inject coal gas and multiple second nozzles for being used to inject air are provided with a side wall of each layer of combustion chamber;Multiple smelt is provided with each layer combustion chamber to fill;The tank mouth filled of smelting is arranged on the outer wall of the vertical furnace, two flues is additionally provided with the vertical furnace, two flues are respectively at the both ends of combustion chamber described in multilayer, and both ends of two flues with combustion chamber described in multilayer connect;Two flues and the connectivity part of each layer combustion chamber are provided with magnetic valve.Compared with the prior art, the present invention can control flue gas discharge capacity, flue gas be purified, energy-conserving and environment-protective, ensure the operation of present apparatus steady ordered.

Description

A kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of smelting, and in particular to a kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace.
Background technology
In the prior art, the smelting process of metallic zinc is broadly divided into two kinds of wet method and pyrogenic process, and the investment of hydrometallurgy is huge, Wastewater treatment is difficult, selectively strong to raw material;Pyrometallurgical smelting has perpendicular tank smelting, blast furnace smelting and electric furnace smelting etc., pyrogenic process smelting It is uneven to there is fuel mixing in refining smelting process, causes ignition temperature to be difficult to control, smelts low precision, the wasting of resources etc. and lacks Point.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace, technical problem to be solved is:Fuel mixes Close uneven, cause ignition temperature to be difficult to control, smelt low precision, the wasting of resources.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem is as follows:A kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace, including it is vertical Body of heater, the combustion chamber that multilayer is laminated vertically is provided with the vertical furnace, is provided with a side wall of each layer of combustion chamber more The individual first jet for being used to inject coal gas and multiple second nozzles for being used to inject air;It is respectively provided with each layer combustion chamber There is multiple smelt to fill;The tank mouth filled of smelting is arranged on the outer wall of the vertical furnace, is also set in the vertical furnace Be equipped with two flues, two flues are respectively at the both ends of combustion chamber described in multilayer, two flues with multilayer institute State the both ends connection of combustion chamber;Two flues and the connectivity part of each layer combustion chamber are provided with magnetic valve;
Correspond in each layer of combustion chamber and be provided with each described first jet and second nozzle to coal gas and air Carry out well mixed evenly mixing device;
The evenly mixing device includes retainer plate, turning collar and rotating ball, and the turning collar is rotatably placed in the retainer plate Interior, the both ends of the turning collar are connected by rotary shaft with the inwall of the retainer plate respectively;The rotating ball is rotatably put In in the turning collar;The both ends of the rotating ball are connected by rotary shaft with the turning collar respectively;The turning collar Multiple pectinid blades are provided with outer shroud and rotating ball;
It is provided with runner where the vertical furnace and the first jet and second nozzle on the outer wall of side wall, described turn Wheel is provided with multiple magnet pieces, the magnetic field cause not of uniform size of multiple magnet pieces along its edge;
Self-contained pressure regulator, two Self-operated pressure regulations are provided with the gas outlet of two flues Valve corresponds the air pressure in two flues of adjust automatically respectively.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:It can realize that burning indoor highly effective is smelted, and can will produce unnecessary high temperature Flue gas is conveyed to other combustion chambers by flue, and energy consumption is also reduced while ensureing and smelting efficient;Made by evenly mixing device Multiple points of air-flows are obtained uniformly to be mixed to different directions so that gas-fired is more abundant, and ignition temperature control is more accurate, Precision is smelted in lifting, reduces the wasting of resources;The air pressure in two flues can be entered by two self-contained pressure regulators Row adjust automatically, avoid air pressure in two flues excessive, and then have influence on multiple first jets and multiple second nozzles note Enter the speed and flow of coal gas and air, ensure the operation of present apparatus steady ordered.
On the basis of above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention can also do following improvement.
Further, the magnetic valve is gas solenoid valve.
It is using the above-mentioned further beneficial effect of scheme:Gas solenoid valve is easy to control flow of flue gas direction and flowing Amount.
Further, the retainer plate, turning collar and rotating ball are that ferrous material is made.
Further, the rotating ball is hollow ball.
It is using the above-mentioned further beneficial effect of scheme:Hollow rotating ball can reduce weight so that and it is more convenient for rotating, Lift gas mixture homogeneity.
Further, the rotation direction of the rotating ball is vertical with the rotation direction of the turning collar.
It is using the above-mentioned further beneficial effect of scheme:Rotating ball and turning collar are rotated in different directions, are made Obtain multiple points of air-flows to be flowed to different directions, lift gas mixture homogeneity.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of evenly mixing device of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the front view of evenly mixing device of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of vertical furnace of the present invention, runner and magnet piece;
Fig. 5 is runner of the present invention and magnet piece structural representation.
In accompanying drawing, the list of parts representated by each label is as follows:
1st, vertical furnace, 2, combustion chamber, 3A, first jet, 3B, second nozzle, 4, smelt and fill, 5, flue, 6, magnetic valve;
7th, evenly mixing device, 701, retainer plate, 702, turning collar, 703, rotating ball, 704, pectinid blade;
8th, runner, 9, magnet piece, 10, self-contained pressure regulator.
Embodiment
The principle and feature of the present invention are described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the given examples are served only to explain the present invention, and It is non-to be used to limit the scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, a kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace, including vertical furnace 1, set in the vertical furnace 1 The combustion chamber 2 that multilayer is laminated vertically is equipped with, is provided with a side wall of each layer of combustion chamber 2 multiple for injecting the first of coal gas Nozzle 3A and multiple second nozzle 3B for being used to inject air;Multiple smelt is provided with each layer combustion chamber 2 and fills 4; The tank mouth for smelting filling 4 is arranged on the outer wall of the vertical furnace 1, and two cigarettes are additionally provided with the vertical furnace 1 Road 5, two flues 5 are respectively at the both ends of combustion chamber 2 described in multilayer, and two flues 5 described in multilayer with burning The both ends connection of room 2;Two flues 5 and the connectivity part of each layer combustion chamber 2 are provided with magnetic valve 6;
Corresponded in each layer of combustion chamber 2 be provided with each described first jet 3A and second nozzle 3B to coal gas and Air carries out well mixed evenly mixing device 7;
The evenly mixing device 7 includes retainer plate 701, turning collar 702 and rotating ball 703, and the turning collar 702 is rotatably put In in the retainer plate 701, the both ends of the turning collar 702 are connected by rotary shaft with the inwall of the retainer plate 701 respectively; The rotating ball 703 is rotatably placed in the interior of the turning collar 702;The both ends of the rotating ball 703 pass through rotary shaft respectively It is connected with the turning collar 702;Multiple pectinid blades 704 are provided with the outer shroud and rotating ball 703 of the turning collar 702; The both ends of retainer plate 701 are fixedly connected by fix bar with first jet 3A or second nozzle 3B both ends respectively.
Runner 8 is provided with the vertical furnace 1 and the outer wall of the first jet 3A and second nozzle 3B place side wall, The runner 8 is provided with multiple magnet pieces 9, the magnetic field cause not of uniform size of multiple magnet pieces 9 along its edge.
Vertical furnace 1 is injected separately into coal gas and air to combustion chamber by multiple first jet 3A and multiple second nozzle 3B In 2, coal gas and air mixing are burnt, and the smelting to combustion chamber 2 fills 4 and heated, and are realized and are entered to smelting the crude zinc in filling 4 Row is smelted;Caused high-temperature flue gas can be flowed by flue 5 in smelting process in combustion chamber 2, and can pass through electromagnetism Valve 6 controls flow, can realize and efficiently be smelted in combustion chamber 2, it is defeated by flue 5 that and can will produce unnecessary high-temperature flue gas Other combustion chambers 2 are given, energy consumption is also reduced while ensureing and smelting efficient.
Multiple first jet 3A and multiple second nozzle 3B are injected separately into coal gas and air into the internal procedure of combustion chamber 2, more When coal gas and air that individual first jet 3A and multiple second nozzle 3B are injected separately into, Gas Flow and air flow hits are to mixing dress To put on 7, air-flow drives turning collar 702 and rotating ball 703 to be rotated, in turning collar 702 and the rotation process of rotating ball 703, point Its multiple pectinid blade 704 connected is not driven to be rotated, in multiple rotation processes of pectinid blade 704 so that air-flow is carried out Be separated into multiple points of air-flows so that multiple points of air-flows are flowed to different directions so that multiple first jet 3A injection with Coal gas and the air of multiple second nozzle 3B injections are uniformly mixed so that gas-fired is more abundant, ignition temperature control More precisely, precision is smelted in lifting, reduces the wasting of resources.
By rotating wheel 8, runner 8 multiple magnet pieces 9 at its edge can also be driven to be rotated, multiple magnet The magnetic field cause not of uniform size of block 9 so that the magnetic field size that turning collar 702, rotating ball 703 and multiple pectinid blades 704 are subject to is not Unanimously, turning collar 702 and rotating ball 703 is driven to be rotated, so as to drive multiple pectinid blades 704 to rotate so that air-flow enters Row is separated into multiple points of air-flows so that multiple points of air-flows are flowed to different directions, and realization manually changes airflow direction.
Self-contained pressure regulator 10, two Self-operated pressures are provided with the gas outlet of two flues 5 Regulating valve 10 corresponds the air pressure in the flue 5 of adjust automatically two respectively;
The air pressure in two flues 5 can be automatically adjusted, avoided by two self-contained pressure regulators 10 Air pressure is excessive in two flues 5, and then has influence on multiple first jet 3A and multiple second nozzle 3B injection coal gas and sky The speed and flow of gas, ensure the operation of present apparatus steady ordered.
In above-described embodiment, the magnetic valve 6 is gas solenoid valve.Gas solenoid valve be easy to control flow of flue gas direction and Amount of flow.
In above-described embodiment, the retainer plate 701, turning collar 702 and rotating ball 703 are that ferrous material is made.It is multiple Pectinid blade 704 and ferrous material are made, and adapt to smelting temperature needs.
In above-described embodiment, the rotating ball 703 is hollow ball.Hollow rotating ball 703 can reduce weight so that it is more just In rotation, lift gas mixture homogeneity.
In above-described embodiment, the rotation direction of the rotating ball 703 is vertical with the rotation direction of the turning collar 702.Turn Dynamic ball 703 and turning collar 702 are rotated in different directions so that multiple points of air-flows are flowed to different directions, lifting The gas mixing uniformity.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace, including vertical furnace (1), it is characterised in that:Set in the vertical furnace (1) There is the combustion chamber (2) that multilayer is laminated vertically, be provided with a side wall of each layer of combustion chamber (2) and multiple be used to inject the of coal gas One nozzle (3A) and multiple second nozzles (3B) for being used to inject air;It is provided with each layer combustion chamber (2) multiple Smelt and fill (4);The tank mouth for smelting filling (4) is arranged on the outer wall of the vertical furnace (1), the vertical furnace (1) Two flues (5) are inside additionally provided with, two flues (5) are respectively at the both ends of combustion chamber described in multilayer (2), described in two Both ends of the flue (5) with combustion chamber described in multilayer (2) connect;Two flues (5) and each layer combustion chamber (2) Connectivity part is provided with magnetic valve (6);
Each described first jet (3A) is corresponded in each layer of combustion chamber (2) and second nozzle (3B) place is provided with to coal gas Well mixed evenly mixing device (7) is carried out with air;
The evenly mixing device (7) includes retainer plate (701), turning collar (702) and rotating ball (703), and the turning collar (702) can Rotation is placed in the retainer plate (701), and the both ends of the turning collar (702) pass through rotary shaft and the retainer plate respectively (701) inwall connection;The rotating ball (703) is rotatably placed in the interior of the turning collar (702);The rotating ball (703) both ends are connected by rotary shaft with the turning collar (702) respectively;The outer shroud and rotating ball of the turning collar (702) (703) multiple pectinid blades (704) are provided with;
The vertical furnace (1) on the outer wall of side wall where the first jet (3A) and second nozzle (3B) with being provided with runner (8), the runner (8) is provided with multiple magnet pieces (9), the magnetic field cause not of uniform size of multiple magnet pieces (9) along its edge;
Self-contained pressure regulator (10), two Self-operated pressures are provided with the gas outlet of two flues (5) Regulating valve (10) corresponds the air pressure in the flue (5) of adjust automatically two respectively.
A kind of 2. automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The magnetic valve (6) is gas Magnetic valve.
A kind of 3. automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The retainer plate (701), rotate It is that ferrous material is made to enclose (702) and rotating ball (703).
A kind of 4. automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The rotating ball (703) is sky Bulbus cordis.
A kind of 5. automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The rotating ball (703) turns Dynamic direction is vertical with the rotation direction of the turning collar (702).
CN201710801876.XA 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 A kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace Pending CN107686896A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710801876.XA CN107686896A (en) 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 A kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710801876.XA CN107686896A (en) 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 A kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107686896A true CN107686896A (en) 2018-02-13

Family

ID=61156027

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710801876.XA Pending CN107686896A (en) 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 A kind of automatic Regulation crude zinc smelting furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107686896A (en)

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5164146A (en) * 1989-06-06 1992-11-17 Ab Jafs Export Oy Holimesy Foundry furnace having outlet flow passage
CN201074243Y (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-06-18 徐建成 Smelting-furnace for crude zinc smelting
CN201269521Y (en) * 2008-08-06 2009-07-08 吕世光 Dimethyl ether gas-fired boiler
CN105002373A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-10-28 龙桂山 Energy-saving crude zinc smelting furnace
CN105018746A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-04 龙桂山 Spelter smelting furnace with dust sucking function
CN206204356U (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-31 昆明华信金属材料制造有限公司 A kind of galvanized steel plain sheet environmental protection and energy saving annealing furnace

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US5164146A (en) * 1989-06-06 1992-11-17 Ab Jafs Export Oy Holimesy Foundry furnace having outlet flow passage
CN201074243Y (en) * 2007-06-15 2008-06-18 徐建成 Smelting-furnace for crude zinc smelting
CN201269521Y (en) * 2008-08-06 2009-07-08 吕世光 Dimethyl ether gas-fired boiler
CN105002373A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-10-28 龙桂山 Energy-saving crude zinc smelting furnace
CN105018746A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-04 龙桂山 Spelter smelting furnace with dust sucking function
CN206204356U (en) * 2016-11-22 2017-05-31 昆明华信金属材料制造有限公司 A kind of galvanized steel plain sheet environmental protection and energy saving annealing furnace

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN203991223U (en) A kind of drying oven for spraying with air curtain apparatus
CN102676760B (en) Gas heating energy-saving and environment-friendly annealing furnace for cold-rolling aluminium materials
CN104099734B (en) A kind of HTHP gas-liquid dyeing machine and control method thereof
CN205350446U (en) Automatic adjust temperature and mix water valve
US3142480A (en) Calcining apparatus
CN105927406B (en) Multi-point gas electric-controlling injection system and method based on pressure versus time control
CN206122034U (en) Baking finish device for hardware
CN205878158U (en) Vane type gas air premixing device
CN105854317A (en) Cold flame fire eruption equipment
ES2704281T3 (en) Fluidic control burner for powder feed
CN103512054B (en) Draught gas burner full premix injection control device
DK162764B (en) Process for treating glass in a long glass melting furnace having a melting tank, and glass melting furnace having a melting tank
CN108384934A (en) A kind of glowing furnace used for metal thermal treatment
CN1683832A (en) Method for controlling burning state of coal powder boiler fire
EP3666372A1 (en) Flue gas mixing device and method
CN206008575U (en) A kind of temperature control boosting jet stirs feed pot
CN104962995A (en) Device and method for growing nitride monocrystal
CN201093500Y (en) Natural gas combustion nozzle capable of adjusting flame
CN105351112B (en) Propellant spray mixing arrangement and fuel low pressure spray mixed method in supersonic flow field
CN204434699U (en) The concentrate burner of flash smelting furnace
CN205579851U (en) Air -out device of adjustable induction type new trend system
CN201447227U (en) Powdered fuel conveying device
CN105112683B (en) The floating smelting process of one kind rotation and rotation are floated and smelt nozzle
CN202328761U (en) Hot air humidifier
CN207119291U (en) A kind of powder humidifier

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20180213

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication