CN107684705B - Lung functions restore supplemental training device - Google Patents

Lung functions restore supplemental training device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107684705B
CN107684705B CN201710786876.7A CN201710786876A CN107684705B CN 107684705 B CN107684705 B CN 107684705B CN 201710786876 A CN201710786876 A CN 201710786876A CN 107684705 B CN107684705 B CN 107684705B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity
pipe
tube
lumen
control
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CN201710786876.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107684705A (en
Inventor
张博
王丽萍
冯会新
时淑丽
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海门卡汶纺织品有限公司
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Priority to CN201710786876.7A priority Critical patent/CN107684705B/en
Publication of CN107684705A publication Critical patent/CN107684705A/en
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Publication of CN107684705B publication Critical patent/CN107684705B/en

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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A63SPORTS; GAMES; AMUSEMENTS
    • A63BAPPARATUS FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING, GYMNASTICS, SWIMMING, CLIMBING, OR FENCING; BALL GAMES; TRAINING EQUIPMENT
    • A63B23/00Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body
    • A63B23/18Exercising apparatus specially adapted for particular parts of the body for improving respiratory function

Abstract

The present invention is that lung functions restore supplemental training device, belong to field of medical appliances, expiration mouth including being placed in four-way pipe nozzle, one, No. two control valves, Response Division, and choke tube, test section and control centre, two control valves are located at two-phase line up, expiration mouth is opposite with Response Division, No.1 controls valve outlet and connects choke tube, No. two control valve outlets and choke tube outlet are connected to venturi tube inlet, Response Division includes setting in the elastic membrane of foil gauge, the entrance of Venturi tube has set rotation helical blade, outlet is set except rotation prismatic blade, sensing element detection expiration physical parameter is set at the minimum of lumen section, control centre changes according to foil gauge to be set and controls two control valves, make to select a conducting, the parameter signal of acquisition can be analyzed and processed.Being resumed training using the device can fully understand and resume training process, provide data reference further to resume training, facilitate setting rationally, science resume training scheme, promote lung functions and restore the effect taken exercise.

Description

Lung functions restore supplemental training device

Technical field

The present invention relates to medical fields, specially a kind of to be used for lung's function for the recovering aid instrument that division of respiratory disease uses The supplemental training device that can restore.

Background technique

Lung function, that is, respiratory function.Namely lung absorbs oxygen, and the function of carbon dioxide is discharged.It include ventilatory function and Ventilatory two parts.

In division of respiratory disease field, almost all of respiratory disease can cause different degrees of damage to lungs, seriously Person can cause decline in pulmonary function.Slight decline in pulmonary function, clinical symptoms are not obvious.Severe patient has expiratory dyspnea, no Phenomena such as capable of lying down, is movable difficult.In order to preferably improve the state of an illness of (chronic bronchitis, pulmonary emphysema) patient, delay disease Development process, in addition to routinely active treatment, it is also necessary to reinforce the rehabilitation training of lung function.

Patient mainly performs physical exercise to respiratory muscle when restoring lung function, at present clinically traditional enhancing respiratory muscle The method of strength, recovery respiratory muscle fatigue and improvement respiratory muscle function is mainly that controlling is breathed, deeply breathed, wrinkle lip breathes, determines When maximum walking distance experiment and treadmill experiment etc..Wherein, abdominal respiration method (i.e. diaphragm motion exercise): patient's horizontal position or Seat or vertical position, two hands point put chest, abdomen, and nasal inhalation when air-breathing, stomach wall is prominent as far as possible, contraction of diaphragm, when expiration in abdomen It receives, is breathed out with mouth, it is desirable that 7-9 beats/min of respiratory rate, daily early, middle and late each white silk 1 time, 5-10 points/times.Air-breathing in respiratory It is active, expiration is passively (expiratory duration extends and contracting lip).Breathing can be reduced by deep slow abdominal respiration exercise Frequency, to reduce consumption of the respiratory muscle to oxygen and energy.

The problem of in view of dedicated supplemental training device is lacked in current lung's rehabilitation training, urgent need will design a kind of special Auxiliary device for resuming training for lung functions understands recovery, mentions to be preferably trained to patient lungs Training effect is risen, restores lung's function early.

Summary of the invention

Aiming at the problem that lacking the auxiliary device for being exclusively used in lung functions recovery at present, the present invention provides a kind of lung's function It can restore supplemental training device, to help patient to carry out lung's rehabilitation training, have and safely, effectively patient is assisted to restore as early as possible Normal lung breathing function.

The technical scheme adopted by the invention to solve the technical problem is that:

A kind of lung functions recovery supplemental training device, including the expiration being connected at four nozzles of four-way pipe Mouth, two control valves and Response Division and choke tube, test section and control centre.Two of them control valve is connected to four-way pipe Two opposite ports at, expiration mouth is connected at other two opposite port of four-way pipe with Response Division.The expiration mouth with It is connected between the four-way pipe by hose.

Two control valves are No.1 control valve and No. two control valves, and are solenoid electric valve.Wherein No.1 control valve Outlet end connects the arrival end of the choke tube, and the outlet end of No. two control valves and the outlet end of the choke tube pass through soft respectively Pipe is connected to the venturi tube inlet end in test section.The lumen middle section of the choke tube is contracting cavity configuration.

The Response Division includes the attachment base connecting with the four-way pipe.The attachment base is equipped with axial cavity, logical The middle part of chamber is equipped with strain component, the foil gauge that the strain component includes elastic membrane and is fixed in elastic membrane, and foil gauge connects It is connected to outer lead road.

Rotation helical blade has been fixedly installed by dead ring in the inlet of the Venturi tube, and exit is solid by dead ring Fixed setting is except rotation prismatic blade.Sensing element is equipped at the lumen section minimum of the Venturi tube, the sensing element connection is put Big device.

The No.1 control valve, No. two control valves, Response Division and amplifier are connected to the control centre.In the control The heart specifically can set and control the open/close states of the No.1 control valve, No. two control valves according to the variation of the foil gauge, Make that the No.1 control valve, that No. two control valves select one is in the conductive state.The control centre can be to the transmission signal of acquisition It is analyzed and processed.At least require most to indicate at measuring and calculating after analysis processing the exhaled gas of respiration capability real-time pressure and The parameter values such as expiratory gas flow or waveform diagram.

Preferably, filtering wet end is removably equipped in the lumen of the expiration mouth, filter screen is in exhaled gas Impurity be filtered, and make air-flow even into the lumen of four-way pipe.

Further, can be on the outer wall of expiration mouth, the position close to free port sets arcuation concave ring, and lip is embedded in when use In arc concave ring, in order to contracting lip.

Preferably, the No.1 control valve includes the threeway cavity portion in T-shaped and is connected at a port of threeway cavity portion Control unit one.The four-way pipe is connected with the coaxial side ports in the port for connecting the control unit one on the threeway cavity portion. The control unit one include casing one, the guide rod one being coaxially disposed with casing one, be sleeved on guide rod one in extended state Spring one and permanent magnetic portion and electromagnetic part one.

One end of described sleeve pipe one connects four-way pipe, and the other end connects end seat one, and one medial surface of end seat, which is embedded in, to be fixed Electromagnetic part one is stated, the electromagnetic part one connects control centre.Described sleeve pipe one, which connects, is equipped with diameter in the lumen of one end of four-way pipe To the collar flange one of extension, the outer end face of collar flange one is equipped with sealing ring one.One end of the guide rod one penetrates described In casing one, and column seat stand is installed, the fixed permanent magnetic portion is embedded on the free end face of the column seat stand.The spring One is placed between column seat stand and collar flange one.The electromagnetic part one is consistent with the magnetic pole of permanent magnetic portion opposite face.The guide rod One other end is placed in outside described sleeve pipe one, and is equipped with the collar flange to extend radially outwardly, is fixed on collar flange For blocking the sealing-plug one of the threeway cavity portion lumen for the setting that matches.

Further, No. two control valves include the threeway cavity portion in T-shaped and are connected at a port of threeway cavity portion Control unit two.The four-way pipe is connected with the coaxial port in the port for connecting the control unit two on the threeway cavity portion.Institute State control unit two include casing two, the guide rod two being coaxially disposed with casing two, be sleeved on guide rod two in extended state Spring two, multiple support transverse slats and iron block, sleeve and electromagnetic part two.

One end of described sleeve pipe two connects four-way pipe, and the other end connects end seat two, and two medial surface of end seat, which is embedded in, to be fixed Electromagnetic part two is stated, the electromagnetic part two connects control centre.Described sleeve pipe two, which connects, is equipped with diameter in the lumen of one end of four-way pipe To the collar flange two of extension, the outer end face of collar flange two is equipped with sealing ring three.It is surround in the middle part of the side wall of described sleeve pipe two Multiple guide grooves are distributed with, guide groove is axially extending along casing two.

One end of the guide rod two penetrates in described sleeve pipe two, and installs column seat stand, the freedom of the column seat stand The fixed iron block is embedded on end face.The other end of the guide rod two is placed in outside described sleeve pipe two, and is equipped with and is extended radially outwardly Collar flange, the sealing-plug two of the threeway cavity portion lumen for blocking the setting that matches is fixed on collar flange.

Two inner cavity of described sleeve pipe is protruded into through the guide groove in one end of the support transverse slat, and is fixedly connected on the guide rod On two side walls, the other end is in outside described sleeve pipe two.

The sleeve is sleeved on outside described sleeve pipe two, coaxial with described sleeve pipe two.Described sleeve pipe two connects threeway cavity portion One end end, equipped with the annular flange to extend radially outwardly, one end of the sleeve is connected in annular flange, and the other end is equipped with Cover the upper shield of port.The support transverse slat is placed in one end outside casing two, in the sleeve.The spring two is placed in set Between lid and support transverse slat.

More specifically, the support transverse slat and guide groove number correspond to three or four or eight, preferably six.It is described Support transverse slat includes connecting rod and the supporting plate for being located at connecting rod one end, and the other end of connecting rod is led described in connection after guide groove The outer wall of bar two, connecting rod is matched with guide groove, and supporting plate is placed in the annular chamber constituted between the outer wall and sleeve lining of casing two In.Preferably supporting plate is set as arc surface and matched with sleeve lining towards an end face of sleeve lining.

Preferably, the lumen middle section of the choke tube is choked flow chamber, and the chamber diameter of the choked flow chamber is less than in the lumen at both ends Diameter.Generally make 1/3 to 1/6, preferably the 1/4 of the former the latter.

Preferably, the choke tube includes that front tube, stick harness body and rear end pipe, front tube are connected with rear end pipe, stick harness Body is placed in the connection lumen of front tube and rear end pipe.Have conical cavity in the middle part of the lumen of the front tube, the conical cavity it is big The downstream direction that mouth end is flowed towards air-flow successively sets ventilation counterbore and screw-threaded counterbore along axial direction in the downstream side of conical cavity, The aperture of middle ventilation counterbore is greater than the major diameter of conical cavity, less than the internal diameter of screw-threaded counterbore.

One end of the rear end pipe is connected in the screw-threaded counterbore, and the other end is matched with hose and is connected in test section Venturi tube inlet end.

One end of the stick harness body be set as with the matched bullet of the conical cavity, the axial extension of bullet is small In the axial extension of conical cavity.The other end of the stick harness body is connected in the counterbore being arranged on the rear end end surfaces.

On the stick harness body, it is distributed with radial slot in surrounding on the outer wall in bullet downstream side, in the end face of the other end It is equipped with stomidium, stomidium is connected to the radial slot.

The choke tube structure of above-mentioned design, the length of part is threadedly coupled by adjusting front tube with rear end pipe, can be right Bullet is adjusted with conical cavity matching relationship, and then adjusts the size for forming gap (constituting contracting cavity configuration) therebetween, And the choked flow ability of choke tube is adjusted, it is used with can adapt to more patients.

Preferably, it is encapsulated in casing from expiration mouth rear end to test section end, and be equipped with heat source to make in casing Keep constant temperature;The air exit end of the test section is connected with condensation part, and the outlet cavity of the condensation part is taper cavity, and Osculum end is on the outside;The condensation part includes lower case and upper housing, and the inner cavity of the lower case is arc groove, and arc is recessed Leakage fluid dram is arranged in the lowest part of slot;The part that the wall body of the upper housing corresponds to the lower case arc groove is equipped with cold medium Chamber, the downwardly projecting interior bottom of the cold medium chamber is in arc surfaced, and the extreme lower position of interior bottom cambered surface is not higher than the entrance of condensation part Hold the height of central axis and condensation part outlet cavity central axis;The upside of the cold medium chamber is equipped with medium circulation entrance, Side wall is exported equipped with medium circulation;The medium circulation entrance and medium circulation outlet be connected to cold medium source outlet and Inlet tube.

The beneficial effects of the present invention are: the present invention specially devises a kind of lung functions recovery supplemental training device, make up The deficiency of existing recovering aid equipment.Resuming training for lung functions is carried out using the device, can fully understand recovery instruction White silk process provides data reference further to resume training, and facilitates and sets reasonable, the scientific scheme that resumes training, promotion lung The effect that functional rehabilitation is taken exercise helps patient to restore lung's function early.

Detailed description of the invention

Fig. 1 is Integral connection structure schematic illustration of the invention;

Fig. 2 is expiration mouth, four-way pipe, two optimization structural schematic diagrams between control valve and Response Division;

Fig. 3 is the scheme two separate structure schematic diagrames between control valve and Response Division and four-way pipe shown in Fig. 2;

Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of scheme No.1 control valve shown in Fig. 2, and f4.1 is open state, and f4.2 is closed state;

Fig. 5 is the structural schematic diagram of No. two control valves of scheme shown in Fig. 2, and f5.1 is open state, and f5.2 is closed state;

Fig. 6 is scheme middle sleeve two shown in Fig. 5, guide rod two and the structural schematic diagram for supporting transverse slat, and f6.1 is sectional view, F6.2 is side view, and f6.3 is Section A-A figure;

Fig. 7 is the assembly structure diagram of venturi portion in test section;

Fig. 8 .1 is the assembling structure schematic diagram of Response Division;

Fig. 8 .2 is the separate structure schematic diagram of Response Division;

Fig. 9 is the structural schematic diagram of the first embodiment of choke tube;

Figure 10 .1 is the assembling structure schematic diagram of the second embodiment of choke tube;

Figure 10 .2 is the separate structure schematic diagram of the second embodiment of choke tube;

Figure 10 .2.1 is the end structure illustration of stick harness body;

Figure 10 .2.2 is the diagrammatic cross-section of B-B direction in Figure 10 .2;

Figure 10 .2.3 be Figure 10 .2 in C-C to diagrammatic cross-section;

Figure 11 .1 is the schematic front view of condensation part;

Figure 11 .2 is the main view diagrammatic cross-section of condensation part.

1 expiration mouth, 11 filtering wet ends, 12 arcuation concave rings, 2 four-way pipes, 3.1 No.1 control valves, 3.2 No. two control valves

31 threeway cavity portions

32 control units one, 321 casings one, 3211 collar flanges one, 3212 sealing rings one, 322 guide rods one, 3221 sealing-plugs One, 323 springs one, 324 permanent magnetic portions, 3241 interlayer boards one, 325 electromagnetic parts one, 3251 end seats one, 3252 sealing rings two

33 control units two, 331 casings two, 3311 collar flanges two, 3212 sealing rings three, 3313 guide grooves, 332 guide rods Two, 3321 sealing-plugs two, 333 support transverse slats, 334 iron blocks, 3341 interlayer boards two, 335 springs two, 336 sleeves, 337 upper shields, 338 electromagnetic parts two, 3381 end seats two, 3382 sealing rings four

4 Response Divisions, 41 attachment bases, 42 strain components, 421 elastic membranes, 422 foil gauges, 423 rib holes, 43 cock caps

5 choke tubes, 5.1 choked flow chambers, 5.2 resistive portions, 51 front tubes, 511 conical cavities, 512 ventilation counterbores, 513 screw threads are heavy Hole, 52 stick harness bodies, 521 bullets, 522 radial slots, 523 stomidiums, 53 rear end pipes

6 test sections, 61 Venturi tubes, 62 dead rings, 63 rotation helical blades, 64 except rotation prismatic blade, 65 sensing elements, 66 Amplifier

71 lower cases, 711 leakage fluid drams, 72 upper housings, 721 cold medium chambers, 7211 medium circulation entrances, 7212 medium circulations Outlet

Specific embodiment

Structure depicted in Figure of description, ratio, size etc., only to cooperate the revealed content of specification, with Understand for those skilled in the art and read, be not intended to limit the invention enforceable qualifications, therefore does not have technically Essential meaning, the modification of any structure, the change of proportionate relationship or the adjustment of size can be generated not influencing the present invention Under effect and the purpose that can reach, should all still it fall in the range of disclosed technology contents can cover.Meanwhile Cited such as "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", " centre " term in this specification are merely convenient to being illustrated for narration, and It is non-that to limit the scope of the invention, relativeness is altered or modified, under the content of no substantial changes in technology, when Also it is considered as the enforceable scope of the present invention.

A kind of lung functions as shown in Figure 1 restore supplemental training device, including are connected to the (four-way pipe 2 of four-way pipe 2 The Axis Cross of lumen is cross or X-shaped) four nozzles at 1, two control valve of expiration mouth and Response Division 4, and resistance Flow tube 5, test section 6 and control centre, two of them control valve are connected at two of four-way pipe 2 opposite ports, expiration mouth 1 with Response Division 4 is connected at other two opposite port of four-way pipe 2.Pass through hose between the expiration mouth 1 and the four-way pipe 2 Connection.Two control valves are respectively No.1 control valve 3.1 and No. two control valves 3.2, and No.1 control valve 3.1 and No. two controls Valve 3.2 is solenoid electric valve, wherein the arrival end of the outlet end connection choke tube 5 of No.1 control valve 3.1, No. two control valves 3.2 outlet end and the outlet end of the choke tube 5 pass through the venturi tube inlet end that hose is connected in test section 6 respectively. The 5 lumen middle section of choke tube is contracting cavity configuration (Fig. 9, Figure 10 .1, shown in 10.2).

As Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, Fig. 8 .1 to 8.2 shown in, the Response Division 4 includes the attachment base 41 connecting with the four-way pipe 2. The attachment base 41 is equipped with axial cavity, is equipped with strain component 42 at the middle part of cavity, the strain component 42 includes elasticity Film 421 and the foil gauge 422 being fixed in elastic membrane 421, the foil gauge 422 are connected with outer lead road.Elastic membrane 421 will be even The cavity of joint chair 41 blocks, under pressure 421 Tensile of elastic membrane and deform, foil gauge can generate synchronous deformation.Even Joint chair 41 can be connected through a screw thread with four-way pipe 2, be strained in component 42 for the annular seating and attachment base 41 of elastic membrane 421 to be arranged Inner cavity between also for be threadedly coupled, and annular seating outer end setting rib hole 423 be used for installing and dismounting, rib hole 423 Internal diameter is greater than the through-hole aperture of its inner end setting, and to prevent in installing and dismounting operation, tool damages elastic membrane.Even The settable cock cap 43 in the port of joint chair, protects elastic membrane 421.

3.1, No. two control valves 3.2 of the No.1 control valve, Response Division 4 and amplifier 66 are connected to the control centre (the incoming signal of the signal and amplifier transmitted containing microprocessing unit to Response Division is analyzed and processed).The control centre It can specifically be set according to the variation of the foil gauge 422 and control opening for 3.1, No. two control valves 3.2 of the No.1 control valve Closed state makes 3.1, No. two control valves 3.2 of the No.1 control valve select one in the conductive state.The control centre can receive The signal that the amplifier 66 transmits is handled, and the real-time pressure and expiratory gas flow of exhaled gas are calculated.

After the gas of exhalation enters four-way pipe, certain internal pressure is formed in the lumen of four-way pipe, is deformed elastic membrane, And then foil gauge is deformed, change its resistance value, the size for forming internal pressure is big by the diameter of expiration ability and choke tube contracting cavity configuration Small influence.Internal pressure is different, and the deflection (resistance value) of foil gauge is different, and foil gauge, to control centre, is being controlled by connection Center can alternately control the opening and closing of two control valves according to the variation of the resistance value size of foil gauge.So foil gauge resistance value is real-time Value be it is corresponding with the real value of breath pressure, the real value of breath pressure thus can be obtained after control centre is handled, very To the waveform diagram of breath pressure variable condition.

The limit section (being assumed to be 0.1a to 1a) of foil gauge resistance value is divided into multiple sections, concretely 0.1a- 0.35a, 0.35a -0.65a, 0.65a -0.8a, 0.8a -0.95a etc., end value belongs to next interval range.Such as work as resistance value No.1 control valve is opened when in 0.1a -0.35a section, No. two control valves are closed, when resistance value is in 0.35a -0.65a section When No. two control valves open, No.1 control valves closure.And according to respiratory training process or the difference of patient, control can be passed through Center processed adjusts the control situation that specific section corresponds to control valve, can also such as be set as, and resistance value is in 0.1a -0.35a section Or when 0.35a -0.65a section No.1 control valve open, No. two control valves closure, when resistance value be in 0.65a -0.8a section or No. two control valves are opened when 0.8a -0.95a, No.1 control valve is closed.Such design, which can not only be known in training process, exhales Atmospheric pressure state value, and the device can be according to the people and the time set, guarantee training of safety, be effectively performed.

It, can be by the programming module of control centre specifically according to such as the method for operating of two control valves of optimal control Lower thought setting.That is, control valve is not to stand when the resistance value of foil gauge enters adjacent interval range by an interval range It acts, but after entering another section and stablizes (such as 1 second or 2 seconds) the rear movement of maintenance a period of time.

As shown in fig. 7, rotation helical blade 63 has been fixedly installed by dead ring 62 in the inlet of the Venturi tube 61, out By the fixed setting of dead ring 62 except rotation prismatic blade 64 at mouthful.Sensitive member is equipped at the lumen section minimum of the Venturi tube 61 Part 65, the sensing element 65 connect amplifier 66.The sensing element 65 is located at the smallest cross-sectional of Venturi tube 61, surveys Measure the change frequency of the distribution of (gas) pressure or velocity flow profile.Using there are many 65 measurement methods of sensing element, such as it can be used Foil gauge or thermistor are as sensing element.Use thermistor Shi Yingjia thin glass cover with vibrationproof and anti-pollution.Play rotation spiral shell Vane piece 63 can make to enter the gas of Uniform Flow in pipeline and entirely rotate and generate vortex, and obtain air-flow vibration frequency and The parameters such as flow velocity calculate total flow after control centre handles operation.

(being obtained by Response Division and test section) signal is analyzed and processed in control centre.It is at least wanted after analysis processing Ask parameter values or the waveform diagrams such as the real-time pressure that can calculate the exhaled gas that can most indicate respiration capability and expiratory gas flow.To letter Number software section being analyzed and processed is not belonging to the claimed range of this patent, the core of this patent be how reliable design, Practical hardware configuration, to obtain in exhalation process with physiologic information parameter existing for expiration behavior.

After signal is passed to control centre's progress noise reduction process by amplifier, entering signal processing and analysis module are carried out each The analytic operation of kind parameter.Control centre can be by the airstream vibration frequency of real-time monitoring, by display device with the shape of waveform Formula is shown, to intuitively show the state change of expiration, observes training effect, can be to incoming signal at Reason, obtains breath pressure changing value and expiration amount changing value and total value.

The resistance value section of two control valve states of the corresponding control in Response Division can be adjusted according to trained progress, or changed The cavity diameter of choke tube, the internal pressure value of (four-way pipe lumen) when changing starting training.Because when exhaled gas, in ventilation pipe There are certain internal pressures, it is possible to make to increase oral cavity and airway pressure in expiratory phase, prevent small airway from falling into too early and close, reduce Alveolar excessive residual gas.So can reduce respiratory rate by resuming training, increase tidal volume, so as to improve alveolar Effective ventilatory volume is conducive to the intake of oxygen and the discharge of carbon dioxide.

It is general that No.1 control valve when originally is required to open, so the choke tube of design acts on shape in four-way pipe by choked flow At internal pressure, the deflection for originally driving foil gauge to occur is not enough to drive No. two control valves to open, and with trained It promotes, after respiration capability is improved, is enough that No. two control valves is driven to be opened in the internal pressure side that four-way pipe is formed, No.1 control at this time Valve closure processed.The interval range of No. two control valves variation is controlled by adjusting foil gauge deformation resistance value, can adjust No. two control valves Opening time.

The Venturi tube being arranged in control centre can be one, and the conducting pipeline that can also respectively correspond two control valves is set Set one.When two Venturi tubes are arranged, control centre is not only analyzed and processed the parameter of its each self-test, but also Integrated treatment is made to the detection parameters of the two, and then carries out comprehensive analysis processing.So a Venturi tube or setting is arranged When two Venturi tubes, the signal analysis and processing mode in control centre is different, and the method taken is also same not to the utmost.

As shown in Fig. 2, being removably equipped with filtering wet end 11 in the lumen of the expiration mouth 1, filter screen is to exhalation Impurity in gas is filtered, and makes air-flow even into the lumen of four-way pipe.It preferably, can be in the outer wall of expiration mouth 1 On, the position close to free port sets arcuation concave ring 12, when use in lip insertion arc concave ring 12, in order to contracting lip.

As shown in Figures 2 to 4, the No.1 control valve 3.1 includes the threeway cavity portion 31 in T-shaped and is connected to threeway cavity portion Control unit 1 at 31 a ports.The side coaxial with the port for connecting the control unit 1 on the threeway cavity portion 31 Port connects the four-way pipe 2.Such conducting cavity configuration, under aeration status, without barrier, Neng Goufang in venting cavity body Only because of choked flow local caused by intracavitary barrier is connected, breath pressure preferably can be sent to Response Division, i.e. maximum possible Eliminate reducing-flow structure existing for choke tube front end in ground.Specifically,

The control unit 1 includes casing 1, the guide rod 1 being coaxially disposed with casing 1, is sleeved on guide rod Spring 1 in extended state and permanent magnetic portion 324 and electromagnetic part 1 on one 322.

One end of described sleeve pipe 1 connects four-way pipe 2, and end seat 1, end seat 1 is arranged in the port of the other end Sealing ring 2 3252 is set between the opposite face of casing 1.It is embedded on the medial surface of the end seat 1 described in fixing Through-hole of the connecting lead wire through being arranged in end seat one of electromagnetic part 1, the electromagnetic part 1 is pierced by and is connected in control The heart.Described sleeve pipe 1 connects the collar flange 1 for being equipped with and radially extending in the lumen of one end of four-way pipe 2, cyclic annular convex The outer end face of edge 1 is equipped with sealing ring 1.

One end of the guide rod 1 penetrates in described sleeve pipe 1, and installs column seat stand, the column seat stand Free end face on be embedded in the fixed permanent magnetic portion 324.Electromagnetic part 1 is consistent with the magnetic pole of 324 opposite face of permanent magnetic portion.It is described Spring 1 is placed between column seat stand and collar flange 1.The other end of the guide rod 1 is placed in described sleeve pipe one Outside 321, and it is equipped with the collar flange to extend radially outwardly, three for blocking the setting that matches are fixed on collar flange The sealing-plug 1 of 31 lumen of cavity portion.

As shown in the f4.1 of Fig. 4, in the case where electromagnetic part 1 is not powered, spring 1 pushes guide rod outward One 322, keep electromagnetic part 1 and permanent magnetic portion 324 close, the collar flange of fixing seal plug 1 and the collar flange one The contact of sealing ring 1 being arranged on 3211 outer end faces forms sealing structure.No.1 control valve 3.1 is in the conductive state at this time. To realize installation, guide rod 1 and column seat stand have been set as separate structure, so interlayer easily is arranged in the lower end of permanent magnetic portion 324 Plate 1.Conversely, electromagnetic part 1 is repelled with 324 phase of permanent magnetic portion after electromagnetic part 1 is powered as shown in the f4.2 of Fig. 4, Compressed spring 1 and move inward guide rod 1, casing 1 is connected four-way pipe 2 by final sealing-plug 1 The lumen inner port of one end seals up, and No.1 control valve 3.1 is in closed state at this time.

It consistently with 3.1 design concept of No.1 control valve, is the conducting cavity configuration for making No. two control valves 3.2, in ventilation shape Under state, without barrier in venting cavity body, concrete structure design is as shown in Fig. 2 to Fig. 3 and Fig. 5.That is,

No. two control valves 3.2 include the threeway cavity portion 31 in T-shaped and are connected at 31 a port of threeway cavity portion Control unit 2 33.The four-way pipe is connected with the coaxial port in the port for connecting the control unit 2 33 on the threeway cavity portion 31 2。

The control unit 2 33 includes casing 2 331, the guide rod 2 332 being coaxially disposed with casing 2 331, multiple supports cross Plate 333, iron block 334, the spring 2 335 in extended state being sleeved on guide rod 2 332 and sleeve 336 and electromagnetic part 2 338.

One end of described sleeve pipe 2 331 connects four-way pipe 2, and the other end connects end seat 2 3381, end seat 2 3381 and casing Sealing ring 4 3382 is set between 2 331 opposite face.The fixed electromagnetic part is embedded on the medial surface of the end seat 2 3381 2 338, through-hole of the connecting lead wire through being arranged in end seat two of the electromagnetic part 2 338 is pierced by and is connected to control centre.It is described Casing 2 331 connects the collar flange 2 3311 for being equipped with and radially extending in the lumen of one end of four-way pipe 2, collar flange 2 3311 Outer end face be equipped with sealing ring 3 3312.Around multiple guide grooves 3313 are distributed in the middle part of the side wall of described sleeve pipe 2 331, lead To slot 3313 along the axially extending of casing 2 331.

One end of the guide rod 2 332 penetrates in described sleeve pipe 2 331, and installs column seat stand, the column seat stand Free end face on be embedded in the fixed iron block 334.To realize installation, guide rod 2 332 and column seat stand have been set as separate structure, So interlayer board 2 3341 easily is arranged in the lower end of iron block 334.The other end of the guide rod 2 332 is placed in described sleeve pipe 2 331 Outside, and it is equipped with the collar flange to extend radially outwardly, the threeway for blocking the setting that matches is fixed on collar flange The sealing-plug 2 3321 of 31 lumen of cavity portion.

2 331 inner cavity of described sleeve pipe is protruded into through the guide groove 3313 in one end of the support transverse slat 333, and is fixedly connected On 2 332 side wall of guide rod, the other end is in outside described sleeve pipe 2 331.

The sleeve 336 is sleeved on outside described sleeve pipe 2 331, coaxial with described sleeve pipe 2 331.Described sleeve pipe 2 331 connects One end end for connecing threeway cavity portion 31, equipped with the annular flange to extend radially outwardly, one end of the sleeve 336 is connected to annular On flange, the other end is equipped with the upper shield 337 of capping port.The support transverse slat 333 is placed in one end outside casing 2 331, is in In the sleeve 336.The spring 2 335 is placed between upper shield 337 and support transverse slat 333.

As shown in the f5.1 of Fig. 5, in the case where electromagnetic part 2 328 is powered, the magnetic attraction iron of the generation of electromagnetic part 2 338 Block 334, guide rod 2 332 move outward, and spring 2 335 is compressed, the collar flange of fixing seal plug 2 3321 and the ring The contact of sealing ring 3 3312 being arranged on 2 3311 outer end face of shape flange forms sealing structure.No. two control valves 3.2 are at this time On state.Conversely, after electromagnetic part 2 338 powers off, the magnetic force of electromagnetic part 2 338 disappears as shown in the f5.2 of Fig. 5, no longer can It is enough attracted iron block 334, under the support elastic force effect of spring 2 335, guide rod 2 332 moves inward, final sealing-plug two 3321 seal up the lumen inner port for the one end that casing 2 331 connects four-way pipe 2, and No. two control valves 3.2, which are in, at this time closes Conjunction state.

As shown in fig. 6, the support transverse slat 333 and 3313 number of guide groove correspondence are set as six.The support transverse slat 333 Including connecting rod and it is located at the supporting plate of connecting rod one end, the other end of connecting rod connects the guide rod two after passing through guide groove 3313 332, the outer wall of connecting rod is matched with guide groove 3313, and supporting plate is placed between 336 inner wall of outer wall and sleeve of casing 2 331 and constitutes Annular chamber in.Preferably supporting plate is set as arc surface and matched with sleeve lining towards an end face of 336 inner wall of sleeve.If branch It is mast arrangement that it is whole, which to support transverse slat 333, then the number for the support transverse slat being arranged requires relatively more.

As shown in figure 9, the lumen middle section of the choke tube 5 is choked flow chamber 5.1, the chamber diameter of the choked flow chamber 5.1 is less than resistance The lumen diameter at flow tube both ends.Generally make 1/3 to 1/6, preferably the 1/4 of the former the latter.

As shown in Figure 10 .1 to 10.2.3, the choke tube 5 includes being made of front tube 51, stick harness body 52 and rear end pipe 53 Resistive portion 5.2, wherein front tube 51 is connected with rear end pipe 53, and stick harness body 52 is placed in the connection of front tube 51 Yu rear end pipe 53 In lumen.

It is equipped with conical cavity 511 in the middle part of the lumen of the front tube 51, the big opening end of the conical cavity 511 (air-flow stream outwardly Dynamic downstream direction), ventilation counterbore 512 and screw-threaded counterbore 513 are successively set along axial direction in the downstream side of conical cavity 511, wherein leading to The aperture of gas counterbore 512 is greater than the major diameter of conical cavity 511, less than the internal diameter of screw-threaded counterbore 513.One end of the rear end pipe 53 connects It connects in the screw-threaded counterbore 513, the other end matches the venturi tube inlet end being connected in test section with hose.

One end of the stick harness body 52 is set as and the matched bullet 521 of the conical cavity 511, the axial direction of bullet 521 Development length is not less than the axial extension of conical cavity 511.The other end of the stick harness body 52 is connected to the rear end pipe 53 In the counterbore being arranged on end face.On the stick harness body 52, radial slot is distributed in surrounding on the outer wall in 521 downstream side of bullet 522, it is equipped with stomidium 523 in the end face of the other end, stomidium 523 is connected to the radial slot 522.

The choke tube structure of above-mentioned design, the length of part, energy are threadedly coupled by adjusting front tube 51 with rear end pipe 53 It is enough that bullet 521 and 511 matching relationship of conical cavity are adjusted, and then adjust and form gap (composition contracting chamber knot therebetween Structure) size, and adjust the choked flow ability of choke tube, used with adapting to more patients.In specific design size parameter, most When front tube 51 and rear end pipe 53 being made to relatively move one well, the conducting section equivalent of contracting cavity configuration makes and (front tube 51 is with after Between end pipe 53) axially opposing amount of movement is proportional, and it is preferably linear.

As shown in Figure 11 .1 to Figure 11 .2, in order to which the steam in exhaled gas is effectively treated, in the exhaust of the test section Outlet is connected with condensation part, and the rear that the arrival end of condensation part is docked at test section Venturi tube (passes through with the shell of test section Flanged joint), the outlet cavity of condensation part is taper cavity, and osculum end is on the outside.The condensation part includes 71 He of lower case Upper housing 72.The inner cavity of the lower case 71 is arc groove, and leakage fluid dram is arranged in the lowest part of arc groove.The upper housing The part that 72 wall body corresponds to 71 arc groove of lower case is equipped with cold medium chamber 721, the interior bottom of the cold medium chamber 721 to Lower protrusion is in arc surfaced, and the extreme lower position of interior bottom cambered surface is not higher than the arrival end central axis of (preferably shorter than) condensation part and cold The height of solidifying portion's outlet cavity central axis.The upside of the cold medium chamber 721 is equipped with medium circulation entrance 7211, corresponding condensation The side side wall of portion's outlet cavity is equipped with medium circulation outlet 7212.Medium circulation entrance 7211 and medium circulation outlet 7212 It is connected to the outlet and inlet tube in cold medium source.In order to guarantee exhaled gas will not during expiration mouth to test section, Condense out excessive droplet and coagulate and fall in the duct, can be encapsulated in casing from expiration mouth rear end to test section end, and is logical Crossing setting heat source makes to keep constant temperature in casing, and specific thermostat temperature needs to be adjusted according to the air themperature of use environment, generally Preferably at 30 degrees Celsius or more.The tube wall of heating tape or ventilation pipe can also be set outside ventilation pipe (including control valve Outer wall) it is cavity format, the thermal medium of circulation is passed through in cavity.

If from the casing that expiration mouth rear end is not encapsulated in constant temperature to test section end section, in order to avoid ventilation The excessive steam of condensation generally in use for some time should be passed through hot wind and handle pipeline, and simultaneously may be used in pipeline Sterilization processing is carried out to ventilation pipe.Even if being provided with the casing of constant temperature, should also make at sterilization in use for some time Reason.

In the inventive solutions, it is steam preferred process mode to containing in expiration, can also exhaling The rear end of mouth is handled in advance, and dry gas stream is then made to enter the preposition processing mode of control valve and choke tube, preposition place again The structure of reason mode is referred to the condensation part structure of diagram, and the outlet cavity of condensation part can be taper cavity or helical cavity Road, one-way when guaranteeing that air-flow passes through condensation part.

The principle of the present invention and its effect is only illustrated in above embodiment, and is not intended to limit the present invention.This hair It is bright to be improved under the premise of without prejudice to overall thought there are many more aspect, it all can be for those skilled in the art Without prejudice under spirit and scope of the invention, can carry out modifications and changes to above-described embodiment.Therefore, technical field such as Middle all equivalent modifications for being completed without departing from the spirit and technical ideas disclosed in the present invention of tool usually intellectual or Change, should be covered by the claims of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of lung functions restore supplemental training device, it is characterised in that:
Including expiration mouth, two control valves and Response Division and the choke tube, inspection being connected at four nozzles of four-way pipe Survey portion and control centre, two of them control valve are connected at two opposite ports of four-way pipe, and expiration mouth is connect with Response Division At other two opposite port of four-way pipe;It is connected between the expiration mouth and the four-way pipe by hose;
Two control valves are No.1 control valve and No. two control valves, and are solenoid electric valve, the wherein outlet of No.1 control valve End connects the arrival end of the choke tube, and the outlet end of No. two control valves and the outlet end of the choke tube pass through hose respectively and connect It is connected to the venturi tube inlet end in test section;The lumen middle section of the choke tube is contracting cavity configuration;
The Response Division includes the attachment base connecting with the four-way pipe;The attachment base is equipped with axial cavity, in cavity Middle part is equipped with strain component, the foil gauge that the strain component includes elastic membrane and is fixed in elastic membrane, and foil gauge is connected with Outer lead road;
Rotation helical blade has been fixedly installed by dead ring in the inlet of the Venturi tube, and exit is set by dead ring fixation It sets except rotation prismatic blade;Sensing element is equipped at the lumen section minimum of the Venturi tube, sensing element connects amplifier;
The No.1 control valve, No. two control valves, Response Division and amplifier are connected to the control centre;
The control centre can specifically set according to the variation of the foil gauge and control the No.1 control valve, No. two controls The open/close states of valve, make that the No.1 control valve, that No. two control valves select one is in the conductive state;The control centre can be to obtaining The transmission signal obtained is analyzed and processed.
2. lung functions according to claim 1 restore supplemental training device, it is characterised in that: the lumen of the expiration mouth Inside removably it is equipped with filtering wet end.
3. lung functions according to claim 2 restore supplemental training device, it is characterised in that: the outer wall of the expiration mouth On, the position close to free port sets arcuation concave ring.
4. lung functions according to claim 1 restore supplemental training device, it is characterised in that:
The No.1 control valve includes the threeway cavity portion and the control unit one that is connected at a port of threeway cavity portion in T-shaped;Institute It states and connects the four-way pipe with the coaxial side ports in the port for connecting the control unit one on threeway cavity portion;
The control unit one include casing one, with casing one be coaxially disposed guide rod one, be sleeved on guide rod one in stretching, extension The spring one and permanent magnetic portion and electromagnetic part one of state;
One end of described sleeve pipe one connects four-way pipe, and the other end connects end seat one, and one medial surface of end seat is embedded in and is fixed with the electricity Magnetic portion one, the electromagnetic part one connect control centre;
Described sleeve pipe one connects and is equipped with the collar flange one that radially extends in the lumen of one end of four-way pipe, collar flange one it is outer End face is equipped with sealing ring one;
One end of the guide rod one penetrates in described sleeve pipe one, and installs column seat stand, the free end face of the column seat stand It is upper to be embedded in the fixed permanent magnetic portion;The spring one is placed between column seat stand and collar flange one;The electromagnetic part one with forever The magnetic pole of magnetic portion opposite face is consistent;
The other end of the guide rod one is placed in outside described sleeve pipe one, and is equipped with the collar flange to extend radially outwardly, collar flange On be fixed with the sealing-plug one of threeway cavity portion lumen for blocking the setting that matches.
5. lung functions according to claim 4 restore supplemental training device, it is characterised in that:
No. two control valves include the threeway cavity portion and the control unit two that is connected at a port of threeway cavity portion in T-shaped;Institute It states and connects the four-way pipe with the coaxial port in the port for connecting the control unit two on threeway cavity portion;
The control unit two include casing two, with casing two be coaxially disposed guide rod two, be sleeved on guide rod two in stretching, extension The spring two of state, multiple support transverse slats and iron block, sleeve and electromagnetic part two;
One end of described sleeve pipe two connects four-way pipe, and the other end connects end seat two, and two medial surface of end seat is embedded in and is fixed with the electricity Magnetic portion two, the electromagnetic part two connect control centre;
Described sleeve pipe two connects and is equipped with the collar flange two that radially extends in the lumen of one end of four-way pipe, collar flange two it is outer End face is equipped with sealing ring three;Around multiple guide grooves are distributed in the middle part of the side wall of described sleeve pipe two, guide groove is along casing two It is axially extending;
One end of the guide rod two penetrates in described sleeve pipe two, and installs column seat stand, the free end face of the column seat stand It is upper to be embedded in the fixed iron block;The other end of the guide rod two is placed in outside described sleeve pipe two, and is equipped with the ring to extend radially outwardly Shape flange is fixed with the sealing-plug two of the threeway cavity portion lumen for blocking the setting that matches on collar flange;
Two inner cavity of described sleeve pipe is protruded into through the guide groove in one end of the support transverse slat, and is fixedly connected on two side of guide rod On wall, the other end is in outside described sleeve pipe two;
The sleeve is sleeved on outside described sleeve pipe two, coaxial with described sleeve pipe two;One end of the connection of described sleeve pipe two threeway cavity portion End, equipped with the annular flange to extend radially outwardly, one end of the sleeve is connected in annular flange, and the other end is equipped with capping The upper shield of port;The support transverse slat is placed in one end outside casing two, in the sleeve;
The spring two is placed between upper shield and support transverse slat.
6. lung functions according to claim 5 restore supplemental training device, it is characterised in that:
The support transverse slat and guide groove number correspond to three to eight;
The support transverse slat includes connecting rod and the supporting plate for being located at connecting rod one end, and the other end of connecting rod connects after passing through guide groove The guide rod two is connect, the outer wall of connecting rod is matched with guide groove, and supporting plate is placed between the outer wall and sleeve lining of casing two and constitutes Annular chamber in.
7. lung functions according to claim 1 restore supplemental training device, it is characterised in that: the lumen of the choke tube Middle section is choked flow chamber, and the chamber diameter of the choked flow chamber is less than the lumen diameter at both ends.
8. lung functions according to claim 7 restore supplemental training device, it is characterised in that: the chamber diameter of the choked flow chamber It is the 1/4 of the intracavitary diameter of its upstream tube.
9. lung functions according to claim 1 restore supplemental training device, it is characterised in that: before the choke tube includes End pipe, stick harness body and rear end pipe, front tube are connected with rear end pipe, and stick harness body is placed in the connection lumen of front tube and rear end pipe In;
Equipped with conical cavity in the middle part of the lumen of the front tube, the downstream direction that the big opening end of the conical cavity is flowed towards air-flow, Ventilation counterbore and screw-threaded counterbore are successively set along axial direction in the downstream side of conical cavity, wherein the aperture of ventilation counterbore is greater than conical cavity Major diameter, less than the internal diameter of screw-threaded counterbore;
One end of the rear end pipe is connected in the screw-threaded counterbore, and the other end matches the literary mound being connected in test section with hose In tube inlet end;
One end of the stick harness body is set as being not less than cone with the matched bullet of the conical cavity, the axial extension of bullet The axial extension of shape chamber;The other end of the stick harness body is connected in the counterbore being arranged on the rear end end surfaces;It is described On stick harness body, it is distributed with radial slot in surrounding on the outer wall in bullet downstream side, is equipped with stomidium, end in the end face of the other end Hole is connected to the radial slot.
10. lung functions according to claim 1 restore supplemental training device, it is characterised in that:
It is encapsulated in casing from expiration mouth rear end to test section end, and be equipped with heat source to make to keep constant temperature in casing;
The air exit end of the test section is connected with condensation part, and the outlet cavity of the condensation part is taper cavity, and osculum End is on the outside;
The condensation part includes lower case and upper housing, and the inner cavity of the lower case is arc groove, and arc groove is minimum Place's setting leakage fluid dram;
The wall body of the upper housing correspond to the lower case arc groove part be equipped with cold medium chamber, the cold medium chamber it is interior Downwardly projecting bottom is in arc surfaced, and the extreme lower position of interior bottom cambered surface goes out not higher than the arrival end central axis of condensation part and condensation part The height of air cavity road central axis;
The upside of the cold medium chamber is equipped with medium circulation entrance, and side wall is exported equipped with medium circulation;The medium circulation enters Mouth and medium circulation outlet are connected to the outlet and inlet tube in cold medium source.
CN201710786876.7A 2017-09-04 2017-09-04 Lung functions restore supplemental training device CN107684705B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710786876.7A CN107684705B (en) 2017-09-04 2017-09-04 Lung functions restore supplemental training device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710786876.7A CN107684705B (en) 2017-09-04 2017-09-04 Lung functions restore supplemental training device

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CN107684705B true CN107684705B (en) 2019-05-28

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4809706A (en) * 1988-01-13 1989-03-07 Watson Robert L Incentive inhalation spirometer apparatus
CN104307143A (en) * 2014-10-04 2015-01-28 李瑞书 Lung function recovering assisting device
CN205235287U (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-05-18 常州市第一人民医院 Breathe function exercise device
CN205730165U (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-30 闫宝霞 A kind of respiration training
CN206063664U (en) * 2016-09-25 2017-04-05 李洋 A kind of Respiratory Medicine vital capacity training devicess

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4809706A (en) * 1988-01-13 1989-03-07 Watson Robert L Incentive inhalation spirometer apparatus
CN104307143A (en) * 2014-10-04 2015-01-28 李瑞书 Lung function recovering assisting device
CN205235287U (en) * 2015-11-16 2016-05-18 常州市第一人民医院 Breathe function exercise device
CN205730165U (en) * 2016-06-22 2016-11-30 闫宝霞 A kind of respiration training
CN206063664U (en) * 2016-09-25 2017-04-05 李洋 A kind of Respiratory Medicine vital capacity training devicess

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Inventor after: Zhang Bo

Inventor after: Wang Liping

Inventor after: Feng Huixin

Inventor after: Shi Shuli

Inventor before: Shi Shuli

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Effective date of registration: 20190429

Address after: 226100 Fujiang South Road, Haimen street, Haimen, Nantong, Jiangsu 698

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Applicant before: Shi Shuli

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