CN107672842A - A kind of Fruil packaging machine - Google Patents

A kind of Fruil packaging machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107672842A
CN107672842A CN201710438659.9A CN201710438659A CN107672842A CN 107672842 A CN107672842 A CN 107672842A CN 201710438659 A CN201710438659 A CN 201710438659A CN 107672842 A CN107672842 A CN 107672842A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fruit
motor
support
bearing
antistaling agent
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710438659.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107672842B (en
Inventor
刘明山
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Tangshan Dingchen Food Co.,Ltd.
Original Assignee
Zhangjiagang Ou Micro Automation R & D Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Application filed by Zhangjiagang Ou Micro Automation R & D Co Ltd filed Critical Zhangjiagang Ou Micro Automation R & D Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710438659.9A priority Critical patent/CN107672842B/en
Publication of CN107672842A publication Critical patent/CN107672842A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107672842B publication Critical patent/CN107672842B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B25/00Packaging other articles presenting special problems
    • B65B25/02Packaging agricultural or horticultural products
    • B65B25/04Packaging fruit or vegetables
    • B65B25/046Packaging fruit or vegetables in crates or boxes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B37/00Supplying or feeding fluent-solid, plastic, or liquid material, or loose masses of small articles, to be packaged
    • B65B37/08Supplying or feeding fluent-solid, plastic, or liquid material, or loose masses of small articles, to be packaged by rotary feeders
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B43/00Forming, feeding, opening or setting-up containers or receptacles in association with packaging
    • B65B43/42Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation
    • B65B43/52Feeding or positioning bags, boxes, or cartons in the distended, opened, or set-up state; Feeding preformed rigid containers, e.g. tins, capsules, glass tubes, glasses, to the packaging position; Locating containers or receptacles at the filling position; Supporting containers or receptacles during the filling operation using roller-ways or endless conveyors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B5/00Packaging individual articles in containers or receptacles, e.g. bags, sacks, boxes, cartons, cans, jars
    • B65B5/10Filling containers or receptacles progressively or in stages by introducing successive articles, or layers of articles
    • B65B5/101Filling containers or receptacles progressively or in stages by introducing successive articles, or layers of articles by gravity
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B61/00Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages
    • B65B61/20Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for adding cards, coupons or other inserts to package contents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B61/00Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages
    • B65B61/28Auxiliary devices, not otherwise provided for, for operating on sheets, blanks, webs, binding material, containers or packages for discharging completed packages from machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B7/00Closing containers or receptacles after filling
    • B65B7/16Closing semi-rigid or rigid containers or receptacles not deformed by, or not taking-up shape of, contents, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B65B7/28Closing semi-rigid or rigid containers or receptacles not deformed by, or not taking-up shape of, contents, e.g. boxes or cartons by applying separate preformed closures, e.g. lids, covers
    • B65B7/2807Feeding closures
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65BMACHINES, APPARATUS OR DEVICES FOR, OR METHODS OF, PACKAGING ARTICLES OR MATERIALS; UNPACKING
    • B65B7/00Closing containers or receptacles after filling
    • B65B7/16Closing semi-rigid or rigid containers or receptacles not deformed by, or not taking-up shape of, contents, e.g. boxes or cartons
    • B65B7/28Closing semi-rigid or rigid containers or receptacles not deformed by, or not taking-up shape of, contents, e.g. boxes or cartons by applying separate preformed closures, e.g. lids, covers
    • B65B7/2842Securing closures on containers

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of Fruil packaging machine, it is low mainly to solve existing Fruil packaging machine packaging efficiency, and does not possess the problem of fresh-keeping function to fruit.The present invention is by using a kind of Fruil packaging machine, including frame, conveying mechanism, loading mechanism, push antistaling agent mechanism and fruit box buckle closure mechanism, the frame is provided with conveying mechanism, loading mechanism, push antistaling agent mechanism and fruit box buckle closure mechanism are disposed with along conveying mechanism conveying direction, the Fruil packaging machine also includes electric-control system, the technical scheme that electric-control system electrically connects with conveying mechanism, loading mechanism, push antistaling agent mechanism and fruit box buckle closure mechanism respectively, preferably solve the problem, can be as the packaging of spherical fruit.

Description

A kind of Fruil packaging machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of Fruil packaging machine, particularly apple, navel orange, sweet shaddock, pears, the packaging of melon and fruit equal sphere fruit Machine.
Background technology
Social paces are accelerated everywhere, higher efficiency requirements are proposed to each industry, fruit is must during we live Indispensable food, it is to the healthy particularly important of people.The packaging of present fruit is all that hand-filling or Simple mechanical are packed, Manually packed, taken a lot of work also time-consuming, often caused substantial amounts of fruit not pack and just have begun to rot, made to orchard worker Into loss difficult to the appraisal.Simple mechanical packaging only there is provided a simple outer packing, and packaging efficiency is low, and not Possesses the fresh-keeping function to fruit.
And for example Chinese patent literature CN 205738326U the utility model discloses a kind of minitype fruits case cartoning sealing machine, Including frame, U-shaped pawl clamping device, two-pass sucker boxing mechanism, case lid feeding mechanism, double conveyor material conveying mechanism and Box sealing machine core;Double conveyor material conveying mechanism includes vanning timing belt and joint sealing timing belt, the vanning timing belt and institute State the perpendicular arrangement of joint sealing timing belt;U-shaped pawl clamping device includes slider cylinder and U-shaped pawl main body, and the U-shaped pawl main body can be slided It is arranged on dynamicly in the slider cylinder;The initial position of slider cylinder is holding station, and the end position of slider cylinder is dress Case station, the two-pass sucker boxing mechanism is on the vanning station;Vanning station is located at synchronously to be taken out of close to vanning The top of mouth, the case lid feeding mechanism is located at the top of the porch of the joint sealing timing belt, in the joint sealing timing belt Box sealing machine core is installed in the frame at middle part.Although the device operating efficiency is higher, do not possess the fresh-keeping function to fruit, Fruit is easily rotted, and loss difficult to the appraisal is caused to orchard worker.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are that existing Fruil packaging machine packaging efficiency is low, and are not possessed to fruit A kind of the problem of fresh-keeping function, there is provided new Fruil packaging machine.Existing Fruil packaging machine packaging effect is can solve the problem that using the device The problem of rate is low is provided simultaneously with the advantages of fresh-keeping function to fruit.
The technical scheme used for the solution above-mentioned technical problem present invention is as follows:The present invention is by using a kind of fruit bag Installation, including frame, conveying mechanism, loading mechanism, push antistaling agent mechanism and fruit box buckle closure mechanism, the frame are provided with Conveying mechanism, loading mechanism, push antistaling agent mechanism and fruit box capping machine are disposed with along conveying mechanism conveying direction Structure, the Fruil packaging machine also include electric-control system, electric-control system respectively with conveying mechanism, loading mechanism, push antistaling agent Mechanism and the electrical connection of fruit box buckle closure mechanism.
Preferably, the conveying mechanism includes roller, flat belt and synchronous motor, and the synchronous motor passes through synchronous motor Mounting bracket is fixed in frame, and synchronous motor shaft end fixes active synchronization belt wheel one, active synchronization belt wheel one by flat key It is connected by timing belt one with driven synchronous pulley one, the driven synchronous pulley one is connected by the axle of roller with roller, institute State roller both ends and be each passed through deep groove ball bearing one and be fixed on bearing block one, the roller is provided with two, two roller outsourcings Flat belt is covered, flat belt both sides are respectively equipped with right baffle-plate and right shell body, two bearings one are provided between the flat belt, each The bottom of bearing one is provided with transverse concave groove, and each top of bearing one is provided with a piece pallet stand of installation in longitudinal fluting and groove, Fixed belt supporting plate is supported on two pallet stands, belt supporting plate is used to support flat belt.
Preferably, the loading mechanism includes feed track support, feed track and support, and rack is installed in the support side One, the top installation longitudinal slide rail and longitudinal sliding block of rack one, longitudinal sliding block installing plate, institute are installed above longitudinal sliding block Longitudinal sliding block installing plate side installation reducing motor installing plate is stated, reducing motor one is installed on reducing motor installing plate, slowed down The shaft end of motor one connects driving gear one by flat key, and the driving gear one and the phase of rack one of the side of driving gear one are nibbled Close, feed track support is installed with the longitudinal sliding block installing plate, two symmetrical bearings are provided with above feed track support The symmetrical rotating shaft of two, two symmetrical symmetrical deep groove ball bearings two, two of bearing two, two of seat, two symmetrical push rods and Two symmetrical pins three, rotating shaft is installed on the bearing block two, rotating shaft one end is provided with internal thread, and the one end of pin three is provided with phase Corresponding external screw thread, pin three is locked through push rod and the screw-internal thread fit of rotating shaft, and push rod is fixed, and the other end of push rod leads to It is be hinged with bearing two to cross bearing pin and pin two, the bearing two is used to support feed track one end, and the feed track other end passes through Support shaft and support base are arranged on feed track support, and the feed track is defeated into heeling condition, the lower end position installation of feed track Baffle plate, feed track baffle plate lower position installation screw feed mechanism are sent, the screw feed mechanism includes bearing block two, zanjon Ball bearing three, screw feeding cylinder, shaft coupling and stepper motor, the axle of the stepper motor are connected by shaft coupling and screw feeding cylinder Connect, screw feeding cylinder is fixed in the bearing block two at both ends, and deep-groove ball axle is provided between the screw feeding cylinder and bearing block two Three are held, the lower feed track of screw feed mechanism side installation, for discharging fruit.
Preferably, the push antistaling agent mechanism includes antistaling agent holder, antistaling agent, motor mounting plate, motor support Seat, reducing motor two, eccentric wheel, guide plate, connecting rod, pushing block track and pushing block, the reducing motor two pass through motor mounting plate With motor supporting base be arranged on frame on, the eccentric wheel be arranged on the axle of reducing motor two on, be cased with the eccentric wheel with partially The connecting rod of heart wheel rotary motion together, interlinking lever end are connected by bolt with pushing block, and pushing block is arranged on pushing block track, pushing block rail Road is arranged on guide plate, and antistaling agent holder is placed in front of the pushing block, and antistaling agent is arranged in antistaling agent holder in column-shaped In, the antistaling agent holder is arranged on guide plate, and the antistaling agent holder bottom is provided with opening.
Preferably, the fruit box buckle closure mechanism includes sliding rail rack, fruit lid, pushing mechanism support, fruit lid Buckle closure part and fruit lid feed mechanism, the fruit lid feed mechanism are fixed on pushing mechanism support, the fruit Lid feed mechanism includes reducing motor four, and the reducing motor four-way is crossed reducing motor support and is fixed in frame, and slow down electricity The shaft end of machine four fixes active synchronization belt wheel two by flat key, and active synchronization belt wheel two passes through timing belt two and driven synchronous pulley Two connections, the driven synchronous pulley two are connected by the axle of ball screw with ball screw, the ball screw both ends difference It is fixed on through deep groove ball bearing four on bearing block three, is arranged with nut mounting blocks on the ball screw, on nut mounting blocks Push pedal is installed;The fruit box cover buckle cover is fixed on sliding rail rack, and the sliding rail rack is fixed in frame, described Fruit box cover buckle cover includes cylinder, and cylinder is bolted on above air cylinder fixed plate, and the shaft end of cylinder is provided with outer The screw-internal thread fit of screw thread and sucker joint is locked, and sucker joint is connected with vacuum cup, and the flanging on air cylinder fixed plate both sides leads to Cross and be bolted to above the longitudinal sliding block of both sides, the longitudinal sliding block of both sides is arranged in corresponding longitudinal slide rail, and longitudinal direction is sliding Rail is fixed in longitudinal slide rail mounting bracket, the side installation rack two of longitudinal slide rail mounting bracket, the rack two and tooth The driving gear two of the side of bar two is meshed, and the driving gear two is fixedly connected with the main shaft of reducing motor three.
Preferably, the conveying mechanism both ends are respectively equipped with fruit box feedboard and fruit box reclaiming plate, the fruit box For feedboard to be obliquely installed, the fruit box feedboard is provided with guide groove.
It is as follows to solve two the technical solution adopted by the present invention of above-mentioned technical problem:
A kind of fruit packaging method of Fruil packaging machine, comprises the following steps:
The first step, manually fruit box is placed on fruit box feedboard, manually by start button, synchronous motor startup, Fruit box on flat belt is moved forward, is moved to specified location, synchronous motor stops;
Second step, manually put fruits into feed track, fruit is slipped in three grooves of screw feeding cylinder, stepping Electric motor starting so that after screw feeding cylinder rotates 45 degree, stepper motor stops, and fruit passes through lower conveying from three grooves of side The inclined-plane in road is slipped in fruit box, and fruit box is arranged into three rows four and arranged, after first row is filled, reducing motor one starts, water Compartmentalized box for holding assorted fruits and candies moves, and mobile distance to a declared goal, reducing motor one stops, and stepper motor starts, and fruit is passed through into the oblique of lower feed track again Face is slipped to the secondary series of fruit box, repeats above-mentioned action, is sequentially completed the four of fruit box and equips completely;
3rd step, after fruit box is filled, synchronous motor startup, fruit box moves forward certain distance again, reaches and specifies Position, reducing motor two start, antistaling agent are pushed in fruit box, and pushing block is retracted;
4th step, starts reducing motor four, and push pedal promotes fruit lid to be moved toward sensor orientation;
5th step, starting reducing motor three, air cylinder fixed plate moves forward and backward along longitudinal slide rail, after reaching specified location, Reducing motor three stops;
6th step, when sensor sensing is to fruit lid, electric-control system closes reducing motor four and opens cylinder, vacuum Sucker is contacted with fruit lid and fruit lid is drawn, and after absorption, cylinder moves upwards, and fruit lid is carried Rise, reducing motor three is again started up, and air cylinder fixed plate moves along before longitudinal slide rail, is moved to the position of fruit box placement, is subtracted Speed motor three stops, and cylinder moves downward, and fruit lid is placed into above fruit box by vacuum cup, a moment touched, gas Cylinder continues traveling downwardly certain distance, and fruit lid is compressed, and the fruit box buckled well is output to fruit box by flat belt and discharged On plate, manual operation stop button, each reset.
Fruit box, can be delivered in each mechanism by the conveying mechanism of the present invention;The loading mechanism of the present invention, it can incite somebody to action In fruit loading fruit box in good order;Fruit lid, is first delivered on fruit box by the fruit box buckle closure mechanism of the present invention Side, then covers fruit box cover buckle on fruit box;The present invention can be pushed to antistaling agent by setting push antistaling agent mechanism Fruit box, fresh-keeping effect can be played to the fruit in fruit box, so as to effectively prevent fruit from becoming in transportation Matter.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of Fruil packaging machine schematic diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 conveying mechanism schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 loading mechanism schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 is Fig. 3 side view;
Fig. 5 is sectional view at A in Fig. 4;
Fig. 6 is Fig. 1 push antistaling agent structural scheme of mechanism;
Fig. 7 is Fig. 1 fruit box buckle closure structural scheme of mechanism;
Fig. 8 is Fig. 7 fruit box cover buckle cover schematic diagram;
Fig. 9 is Fig. 7 fruit lid feed mechanism schematic diagram.
In accompanying drawing:
1st, conveying mechanism support 2, conveying mechanism 3, loading mechanism
4th, antistaling agent mechanism 5, fruit box buckle closure mechanism 6, fruit box feedboard are pushed
7th, bearing 1, pallet stand 9, belt supporting plate
10th, fruit box reclaiming plate 11, bearing block 1, deep groove ball bearing one
13rd, roller 14, flat belt 15, driven synchronous pulley one
16th, timing belt 1, active synchronization belt wheel 1, synchronous motor
19th, synchronous motor mounting bracket 20, right baffle-plate 21, right shell body
22nd, feed track support 23, feed track 24, sliding rail rack
25th, support base 26, support shaft 27, feed track baffle plate
28th, support 29, fruit box 30, rack one
31st, longitudinal sliding block 32, longitudinal slide rail 33, longitudinal sliding block installing plate
34th, lower feed track 35, reducing motor 1, reducing motor installing plate
37th, driving gear 1, pin 1, bearing block two
40th, bearing 2 41, shaft block ring 42, bearing pin
43rd, pin 2 44, fruit 45, deep groove ball bearing two
46th, rotating shaft 47, push rod 48, pin three
49th, bearing block 2 50, deep groove ball bearing 3 51, screw feeding cylinder
52nd, shaft coupling 53, stepper motor 54, antistaling agent holder
55th, antistaling agent 56, motor mounting plate 57, motor supporting base
58th, reducing motor 2 59, eccentric wheel 60, guide plate
61st, connecting rod 62, pushing block track 63, pushing block
64th, sliding rail rack 65, fruit lid 66, pushing mechanism support
67th, fruit box cover buckle cover 68, fruit lid feed mechanism 69, cylinder
70th, sucker joint 71, vacuum cup 72, longitudinal sliding block
73rd, longitudinal slide rail 74, air cylinder fixed plate 75, reducing motor three
76th, driving gear 2 77, rack 2 78, longitudinal slide rail mounting bracket
79th, bearing block 3 80, deep groove ball bearing 4 81, push pedal
82nd, ball screw 83, nut mounting blocks 84, driven synchronous pulley two
85th, timing belt 2 86, active synchronization belt wheel 2 87, reducing motor four
88th, reducing motor support 89, sensor
Embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description, the present invention is furture elucidated, it should be understood that following embodiments are only For illustrating the present invention rather than limitation the scope of the present invention.
As shown in figure 1, a kind of Fruil packaging machine, including frame 1, conveying mechanism 2, loading mechanism 3, push antistaling agent mechanism 4 and fruit box buckle closure mechanism 5, the frame 1 be provided with conveying mechanism 2, be disposed with dress along the conveying direction of conveying mechanism 2 Disc mechanism 3, push antistaling agent mechanism 4 and fruit box buckle closure mechanism 5, the Fruil packaging machine also includes electric-control system, automatically controlled System electrically connects with conveying mechanism 2, loading mechanism 3, push antistaling agent mechanism 4 and fruit box buckle closure mechanism 5 respectively, the conveying The both ends of mechanism 2 are respectively equipped with fruit box feedboard 6 and fruit box reclaiming plate 10, and the fruit box feedboard 6 is is obliquely installed, institute State fruit box feedboard 6 and be provided with guide groove.
As shown in Fig. 2 the conveying mechanism 2 includes roller 13, flat belt 14 and synchronous motor 18, the synchronous motor 18 It is fixed on by synchronous motor mounting bracket 19 in frame 1, the shaft end of synchronous motor 18 fixes active synchronization belt wheel by flat key One 17, active synchronization belt wheel 1 is connected by timing belt 1 with driven synchronous pulley 1, the driven synchronous pulley one 15 are connected by the axle of roller 13 with roller 13, and the both ends of roller 13 are each passed through deep groove ball bearing 1 and are fixed on bearing block On one 11, the roller 13 is provided with two, and two outer cladding flat belts 14 of roller 13, the both sides of flat belt 14 are respectively equipped with right baffle-plate 20 and right shell body 21, two bearings 1 are installed between the flat belt 14, each bottom of bearing 1 is provided with transverse concave groove, often The individual top of bearing 1 is provided with a piece pallet stand 8 of installation in longitudinal fluting and groove, supports and fixes on two pallet stands 8 Belt supporting plate 9, belt supporting plate 9 are used to support flat belt.
As shown in Fig. 3,4,5, the loading mechanism 3 includes feed track support 22, feed track 23 and support 28, the support 28 sides are installed by rack 1, the top installation longitudinal slide rail 32 and longitudinal sliding block 31 of rack 1, in the upper of longitudinal sliding block 31 Side is provided with longitudinal sliding block installing plate 33, and the side of the longitudinal sliding block installing plate 33 installation reducing motor installing plate 36, slow down electricity Reducing motor 1 is installed, the shaft end of reducing motor 1 connects driving gear 1, institute by flat key on machine installing plate 36 The rack 1 that driving gear 1 is stated with the side of driving gear 1 is meshed, fixed peace on the longitudinal sliding block installing plate 33 Equipped with feed track support 22, the top of feed track support 22 be provided with the symmetrical bearing 2 40 of two symmetrical bearing blocks 2 39, two, Two symmetrical push rods 47 of the symmetrical symmetrical rotating shaft 46, two of deep groove ball bearing 2 45, two and two symmetrical pins three 48, rotating shaft 46 is installed, the one end of rotating shaft 46 is provided with internal thread, and the one end of pin 3 48 is provided with corresponding on the bearing block 2 39 External screw thread, pin 3 48 is locked through the screw-internal thread fit of push rod 47 and rotating shaft 46, and push rod 47 is fixed, push rod 47 it is another End is be hinged with bearing 2 40 by shaft block ring 41, bearing pin 42 and pin 2 43, and the bearing 2 40 is used to support feed track 23 One end, the other end of feed track 23 are arranged on feed track support 22 by support shaft and support base, the feed track 23 into It is obliquely installed, three transfer passages are distributed with feed track 23, and the lower end position installation feed track baffle plate 27 of the feed track 23 is defeated Send the lower position of baffle plate 27 that screw feed mechanism is installed, the screw feed mechanism includes bearing block 2 49, deep groove ball bearing 3 50, screw feeding cylinder 51, shaft coupling 52 and stepper motor 53, the axle of the stepper motor 53 are sent by shaft coupling 52 with spiral Barrel 51 is connected, and the axle distribution at the both ends of screw feeding cylinder 51 is fixed in the bearing block 2 49 at both ends, the screw feeding cylinder 51 Deep groove ball bearing 3 50 is provided between bearing block 2 49, the screw feeding cylinder 51 is four equally distributed holding tanks, often Individual holding tank is provided with three grooves, and three grooves match with three transfer passages, the screw feed mechanism The lower feed track 34 of side installation, for discharging fruit.
As shown in fig. 6, the push antistaling agent mechanism 4 includes antistaling agent holder 54, antistaling agent 55, motor mounting plate 56th, motor supporting base 57, reducing motor 2 58, eccentric wheel 59, guide plate 60, connecting rod 61, pushing block track 62 and pushing block 63, it is described Reducing motor 2 58 is arranged in frame 1 by motor mounting plate 56 and motor supporting base 57, and the eccentric wheel 59, which is arranged on, to be subtracted On the axle of speed motor 2 58, the connecting rod 61 of the rotary motion together with eccentric wheel 59 is cased with the eccentric wheel 59, the end of connecting rod 61 leads to Cross bolt and pushing block 63 connects, pushing block 63 is arranged on pushing block track 62, and pushing block track 62 is arranged on guide plate 60, described to push away Antistaling agent holder 54 is placed in the front of block 63, and antistaling agent 55 is arranged in antistaling agent holder 54 in column-shaped, and the antistaling agent is put Box 54 is put on guide plate 60, the bottom of antistaling agent holder 54 is provided with opening, and the height of the opening is more than pushing block 63 height, the height of the opening are more than the height of antistaling agent 55 and less than the height of two pieces of antistaling agents 55.Work as fruit box 29 reach specified location, and reducing motor 2 58 starts, and by the rotation of eccentric wheel 59, drivening rod 61 is promoted and retracted forward, So as to realize that pushing block 63 pushes the process of antistaling agent 55, it is pushed to when antistaling agent 55 in fruit box 29, pushing block 63 is retracted, fresh-keeping The antistaling agent 55 on the upper strata in agent holder 54 falls, so as to realize the process constantly pushed.
As shown in Fig. 7,8,9, the fruit box buckle closure mechanism 5 includes sliding rail rack 64, fruit lid 65, pushing mechanism branch Frame 66, fruit box cover buckle cover 67 and fruit lid feed mechanism 68, the fruit lid feed mechanism 68 are fixed on promotion On mechanism rack 66, the pushing mechanism support 66 is provided with baffle plate, and baffle plate is provided with sensor 89, the fruit lid feeding Mechanism 68 includes reducing motor 4 87, and the reducing motor 4 87 is fixed in frame 1 by reducing motor support 88, and slow down electricity The shaft end of machine 4 87 fixes active synchronization belt wheel 2 86 by flat key, active synchronization belt wheel 2 86 by timing belt 2 85 with it is driven Synchronous pulley 2 84 is connected, and the driven synchronous pulley 2 84 is connected by the axle of ball screw 82 with ball screw 82, described The both ends of ball screw 82 are each passed through deep groove ball bearing 4 80 and are fixed on bearing block 3 79, are arranged with the ball screw 82 Nut mounting blocks 83, push pedal 81 is installed on nut mounting blocks 83;The fruit box cover buckle cover 67 is fixed on sliding rail rack On 64, the sliding rail rack 64 is fixed in frame 1, and the fruit box cover buckle cover 67 includes cylinder 69, and cylinder 69 passes through The top of air cylinder fixed plate 74 is bolted to, the shaft end of cylinder 69 is provided with the screw-internal thread fit lock of external screw thread and sucker joint 70 Tightly, sucker joint 70 is connected with vacuum cup 71, and the flanging on the both sides of air cylinder fixed plate 74 is bolted on the longitudinal direction of both sides The top of sliding block 72, the longitudinal sliding block 72 of both sides are arranged in corresponding longitudinal slide rail 73, and longitudinal slide rail 73 is fixed on longitudinal cunning On track mounting bracket 78, rack 2 77, the rack 2 77 and rack 2 77 are installed in a side of longitudinal slide rail mounting bracket 78 The driving gear 2 76 of side is meshed, and the driving gear 2 76 is fixedly connected with the main shaft of reducing motor 3 75.
A kind of fruit packaging method of Fruil packaging machine, comprises the following steps:
The first step, manually fruit box 29 is placed on fruit box feedboard 6, manually by start button, synchronous motor 18 Start, move forward fruit box 29 on flat belt 14, be moved to specified location, synchronous motor 18 stops;
Second step, manually fruit 44 is put into feed track 23, be slipped to screw feeding cylinder 51 three of fruit 44 are recessed In groove, stepper motor 53 starts so that after screw feeding cylinder 51 rotates 45 degree, stepper motor 53 stops, and fruit 44 is from side Three grooves are slipped in fruit box 29 by the inclined-plane of lower feed track 34, and fruit box 29 is arranged into three rows four and arranged, works as first row After filling, reducing motor 1 starts, and fruit box 29 moves, and mobile distance to a declared goal, reducing motor 1 stops, stepper motor 53 Start, fruit 44 is slipped to the secondary series of fruit box 29 by the inclined-plane of lower feed track 34 again, repeat above-mentioned action, successively The four of fruit box 29 is completed to equip completely;
3rd step, after fruit box 29 is filled, synchronous motor 18 starts, and fruit box 29 moves forward certain distance again, arrives Up to specified location, reducing motor 2 58 starts, antistaling agent 55 is pushed in fruit box 29, pushing block 63 is retracted;
4th step, starts reducing motor 4 87, and push pedal 81 promotes fruit lid 65 to be moved toward the direction of sensor 89;
5th step, start reducing motor 3 75, moved forward and backward in air cylinder fixed plate 74 along longitudinal slide rail 72, reach and specify Behind position, reducing motor 3 75 stops;
6th step, when sensor 89 senses fruit lid 65, electric-control system closes reducing motor 4 87 and opens gas Cylinder 69, vacuum cup 71 is contacted with fruit lid 65 and fruit lid 65 is drawn, and after absorption, cylinder 69 is transported upwards It is dynamic, fruit lid 65 is lifted, reducing motor 3 75 is again started up, and air cylinder fixed plate 74 moves forward along longitudinal slide rail 73 It is dynamic, the position of fruit box placement is moved to, reducing motor 3 75 stops, and cylinder 69 moves downward, and vacuum cup 71 is by fruit box Lid 65 is placed into the top of fruit box 29, and a moment touched, cylinder continues traveling downwardly certain distance, fruit lid 65 is pressed Tightly, the fruit box 29 buckled well is output on fruit box reclaiming plate 10 by flat belt 14, and manual operation stop button, each mechanism is answered Position.
Operation principle:Manually fruit box 29 is placed on fruit box feedboard 6, because fruit box feedboard 6 is inclination Set so that fruit box 29 moves along guide groove to flat belt 14, manually starts by start button, synchronous motor 18, synchronous The shaft end of motor 18 fixes active synchronization belt wheel 1 by flat key so that active synchronization belt wheel 1 rotates, active synchronization band Take turns 1 to be driven by timing belt 1 so as to drive driven synchronous pulley 1 to rotate, driven synchronous pulley 1, which rotates, to be driven Roller 13 rotates, so that flat belt 14 starts to move and drives fruit box 29 on flat belt 14 to move forward, is moved to finger Positioning is put, and synchronous motor 18 stops.Manually fruit 44 is put into feed track 23, fruit 44 is defeated along three of feed track 23 Send passage to slide, be slipped to the position of feed track baffle plate 27, blocked by feed track baffle plate 27, under fall on the three of screw feeding cylinder 51 In individual groove, stepper motor 53 starts so that after screw feeding cylinder 51 rotates 45 degree, stepper motor 53 stops, and fruit 44 is from side Three grooves in face are slipped in fruit box 29 by the inclined-plane of lower feed track 34, and fruit box 29 is arranged into three rows four and arranged, when the After one equips completely, reducing motor 1 starts, and drives driving gear 1 to rotate, driving gear 1 and the engagement biography of rack 1 Dynamic, mobile distance to a declared goal, stepper motor 53 starts, and fruit 44 is slipped into fruit box 29 by the inclined-plane of lower feed track 34 again Secondary series, be sequentially completed the four of fruit box 29 equip it is full.After fruit box 29 is filled, synchronous motor 18 starts, flat belt 14 and The fruit box 29 for being placed on the top of flat belt 14 moves forward certain distance again, reaches specified location, and reducing motor 2 58 opens Dynamic, by the rotation of eccentric wheel 59, drivening rod 61 promotes forward, so as to realize that pushing block 63 pushes the process of antistaling agent 55, when Antistaling agent 55 is pushed in fruit box 29, pushing block 63 is retracted, and the antistaling agent 55 on the upper strata in antistaling agent holder 54 falls, from And realize the process constantly pushed.Start reducing motor 4 87, active synchronization belt wheel 2 86 rotates, and is passed by timing belt 2 85 Move so as to drive driven synchronous pulley 2 84 to rotate, driven synchronous pulley 2 84, which rotates, drives ball screw 82 to rotate, due to rolling Nut mounting blocks 83 are arranged with ballscrew 82, push pedal 81 is installed on nut mounting blocks 83 so that the rotational band of ball screw 82 Dynamic push pedal 81 is moved, and push pedal 81 promotes fruit lid 65 to be moved toward the direction of sensor 89.Start reducing motor 3 75, reducing motor 3 75 rotation, the rotation of driving gear 2 76, driving gear 2 76 and the engaged transmission of rack 2 77 are driven, along rack 2 77 It is mobile, and by longitudinal slide rail 72 and longitudinal sliding block 73 in the presence of so that air cylinder fixed plate 74 is along longitudinal slide rail 72 is movable, and after reaching specified location, reducing motor 3 75 stops.When sensor 89 senses fruit lid 65, feedback Signal to electric-control system, close reducing motor 4 87 and open cylinder 69, and the expansion link of cylinder 69 moves downward, and drives by electric-control system Vacuum cup 71 moves down, and vacuum cup 71 contacts with fruit lid 65 and fruit lid 65 is drawn, after absorption, Cylinder 69 is moved upwards, and fruit lid 65 is lifted, and reducing motor 3 75 is again started up, and air cylinder fixed plate 74 is along longitudinal direction Moved before slide rail 73, be moved to the position of fruit box placement, reducing motor 3 75 stops, and cylinder 69 moves downward, vacuum cup Fruit lid 65 is placed into the top of fruit box 29 by 71, and a moment touched, cylinder continues traveling downwardly certain distance, to fruit lid 65 are compressed, and so as to realize the process that buckle closure is carried out to fruit box 29, the fruit box 29 buckled well is output to by flat belt 14 On fruit box reclaiming plate 10, manual operation stop button, each reset.
Although the illustrative embodiment of the present invention is described above, in order to the technology of the art Personnel are it will be appreciated that the present invention, but the present invention is not limited only to the scope of embodiment, to the common skill of the art For art personnel, as long as long as various change in the spirit and scope of the invention that appended claim limits and determines, one The innovation and creation using present inventive concept are cut in the row of protection.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of Fruil packaging machine, including frame (1), conveying mechanism (2), loading mechanism (3), push antistaling agent mechanism (4) and Fruit box buckle closure mechanism (5), it is characterised in that:The frame (1) is provided with conveying mechanism (2), is conveyed along conveying mechanism (2) Direction is disposed with loading mechanism (3), push antistaling agent mechanism (4) and fruit box buckle closure mechanism (5), the Fruil packaging machine Also include electric-control system, electric-control system respectively with conveying mechanism (2), loading mechanism (3), push antistaling agent mechanism (4) and water Compartmentalized box for holding assorted fruits and candies buckle closure mechanism (5) electrically connects.
2. a kind of Fruil packaging machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the conveying mechanism (2) includes roller (13), flat belt (14) and synchronous motor (18), the synchronous motor (18) are fixed on by synchronous motor mounting bracket (19) In frame (1), synchronous motor (18) shaft end fixes active synchronization belt wheel one (17), active synchronization belt wheel one (17) by flat key It is connected by timing belt one (16) with driven synchronous pulley one (15), the driven synchronous pulley one (15) passes through roller (13) Axle is connected with roller (13), and roller (13) both ends are each passed through deep groove ball bearing one (12) and are fixed on bearing block one (11) On, the roller (13) is provided with two, and two roller (13) outer cladding flat belts (14), flat belt (14) both sides are respectively equipped with a left side Baffle plate (20) and right shell body (21), two bearings one (7), each (7) bottom of bearing one are installed between the flat belt (14) It is provided with provided with transverse concave groove, at the top of each bearing one (7) in longitudinal fluting and groove and a pallet stand (8) is installed, two Fixed belt supporting plate (9) is supported on pallet stand (8), belt supporting plate (9) is used to support flat belt.
3. a kind of Fruil packaging machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the loading mechanism (3) includes feed track branch Frame (22), feed track (23) and support (28), support (28) the side installation rack one (30), the top peace of rack one (30) Longitudinal slide rail (32) and longitudinal sliding block (31) are filled, longitudinal sliding block installing plate (33), institute are installed above longitudinal sliding block (31) Longitudinal sliding block installing plate (33) side installation reducing motor installing plate (36) is stated, reducing motor installing plate is provided with deceleration on (36) Motor one (35), the shaft end of reducing motor one (35) connect driving gear one (37), the driving gear one (37) by flat key It is meshed with the rack one (30) of driving gear one (37) side, conveying is installed with the longitudinal sliding block installing plate (33) Road support (22), be provided with above feed track support (22) two symmetrical bearing blocks two (39), two symmetrical bearings two (40), Two symmetrical deep groove ball bearings two (45), two symmetrical rotating shafts (46), two symmetrical push rods (47) and two are symmetrical Pin three (48), rotating shaft (46) is installed on the bearing block two (39), rotating shaft (46) one end is provided with internal thread, pin three (48) One end is provided with corresponding external screw thread, and pin three (48) is locked through push rod (47) and the screw-internal thread fit of rotating shaft (46), and will Push rod (47) is fixed, and the other end of push rod (47) is be hinged by bearing pin (42) and pin two (43) and bearing two (40), the branch Two (40) of seat are used to support feed track (23) one end, and feed track (23) other end is arranged on defeated by support shaft and support base Send on support (22), the feed track (23) installs feed track baffle plate into heeling condition, the lower end position of feed track (23) (27), feed track baffle plate (27) lower position installation screw feed mechanism, the screw feed mechanism include bearing block two (49), Deep groove ball bearing three (50), screw feeding cylinder (51), shaft coupling (52) and stepper motor (53), the axle of the stepper motor (53) It is connected by shaft coupling (52) with screw feeding cylinder (51), screw feeding cylinder (51) is fixed in the bearing block two (49) at both ends, Deep groove ball bearing three (50), the screw feed mechanism side are provided between the screw feeding cylinder (51) and bearing block two (49) The lower feed track (34) of installation, for discharging fruit.
4. a kind of Fruil packaging machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the push antistaling agent mechanism (4) includes protecting Fresh dose of holder (54), antistaling agent (55), motor mounting plate (56), motor supporting base (57), reducing motor two (58), eccentric wheel (59), guide plate (60), connecting rod (61), pushing block track (62) and pushing block (63), the reducing motor two (58) are pacified by motor Loading board (56) and motor supporting base (57) are arranged in frame (1), and the eccentric wheel (59) is arranged on reducing motor two (58) axle On, the connecting rod (61) of the rotary motion together with eccentric wheel (59) is cased with the eccentric wheel (59), connecting rod (61) end passes through spiral shell Bolt and pushing block (63) connection, pushing block (63) are arranged on pushing block track (62), and pushing block track (62) is arranged on guide plate (60), Antistaling agent holder (54) is placed in front of the pushing block (63), antistaling agent (55) is arranged in antistaling agent holder (54) in column-shaped In, the antistaling agent holder (54) is arranged on guide plate (60), and antistaling agent holder (54) bottom is provided with opening.
5. a kind of Fruil packaging machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fruit box buckle closure mechanism (5) includes sliding Rail support (64), fruit lid (65), pushing mechanism support (66), fruit box cover buckle cover (67) and fruit lid feeder Structure (68), the fruit lid feed mechanism (68) are fixed on pushing mechanism support (66), the fruit lid feed mechanism (68) reducing motor four (87) is included, the reducing motor four (87) is fixed in frame (1) by reducing motor support (88), Reducing motor four (87) shaft end fixes active synchronization belt wheel two (86) by flat key, and active synchronization belt wheel two (86) passes through synchronization Band two (85) is connected with driven synchronous pulley two (84), the driven synchronous pulley two (84) by the axle of ball screw (82) with Ball screw (82) connects, and ball screw (82) both ends are each passed through deep groove ball bearing four (80) and are fixed on bearing block three (79) on, nut mounting blocks (83) is arranged with the ball screw (82), push pedal (81) is installed on nut mounting blocks (83); The fruit box cover buckle cover (67) is fixed on sliding rail rack (64), and the sliding rail rack (64) is fixed in frame (1), The fruit box cover buckle cover (67) includes cylinder (69), and cylinder (69) is bolted in air cylinder fixed plate (74) Side, the shaft end of cylinder (69) are provided with the screw-internal thread fit locking of external screw thread and sucker joint (70), sucker joint (70) with it is true Suction disk (71) is connected, and the flanging on air cylinder fixed plate (74) both sides is bolted on above the longitudinal sliding block (72) of both sides, The longitudinal sliding block (72) of both sides is arranged in corresponding longitudinal slide rail (73), and longitudinal slide rail (73) is fixed on longitudinal slide rail installation On support (78), rack two (77), the rack two (77) and rack two are installed in a side of longitudinal slide rail mounting bracket (78) (77) driving gear two (76) of side is meshed, and the main shaft of the driving gear two (76) and reducing motor three (75), which is fixed, to be connected Connect.
A kind of 6. Fruil packaging machine according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that conveying mechanism (2) the both ends difference Provided with fruit box feedboard (6) and fruit box reclaiming plate (10), the fruit box feedboard (6) is is obliquely installed, the fruit Box feedboard (6) is provided with guide groove.
CN201710438659.9A 2017-06-12 2017-06-12 A kind of Fruil packaging machine Active CN107672842B (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110371351A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-10-25 赣州天橙农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of independent packing device that navel orange uses
CN111572883A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-08-25 吕婷婷 Boxing and glue sealing device for fruit packaging

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CN201961541U (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-09-07 罗放明 Fixed-amount boxing device capable of matching original box with original cover
JP5262234B2 (en) * 2008-03-27 2013-08-14 独立行政法人農業・食品産業技術総合研究機構 Packaging equipment for goods
CN204998871U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-27 珠海夫大食品科技有限公司 Food cartoning machine
KR20160093985A (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-09 대구대학교 산학협력단 Method for packaging peach for parcel service having shock mitigation and antimicrobial effect
CN106043790A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-10-26 华侨大学 Fruit packing device
CN205770322U (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-12-07 浙江工业大学 Minitype fruits box packing machine

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5262234B2 (en) * 2008-03-27 2013-08-14 独立行政法人農業・食品産業技術総合研究機構 Packaging equipment for goods
CN201961541U (en) * 2010-11-12 2011-09-07 罗放明 Fixed-amount boxing device capable of matching original box with original cover
KR20160093985A (en) * 2015-01-30 2016-08-09 대구대학교 산학협력단 Method for packaging peach for parcel service having shock mitigation and antimicrobial effect
CN204998871U (en) * 2015-09-30 2016-01-27 珠海夫大食品科技有限公司 Food cartoning machine
CN205770322U (en) * 2016-05-17 2016-12-07 浙江工业大学 Minitype fruits box packing machine
CN106043790A (en) * 2016-07-20 2016-10-26 华侨大学 Fruit packing device

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110371351A (en) * 2019-08-15 2019-10-25 赣州天橙农业科技发展有限公司 A kind of independent packing device that navel orange uses
CN110371351B (en) * 2019-08-15 2021-04-02 赣州天橙农业科技发展有限公司 Individual packaging device for navel oranges
CN111572883A (en) * 2020-05-20 2020-08-25 吕婷婷 Boxing and glue sealing device for fruit packaging

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Effective date of registration: 20200529

Address after: 063000 Kaiyue road Xidong magezhuang north, Kaiping District, Tangshan City, Hebei Province

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Denomination of invention: A fruit packing machine

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