CN107666825A - Automatically slotting patch machine - Google Patents

Automatically slotting patch machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107666825A
CN107666825A CN201610604451.5A CN201610604451A CN107666825A CN 107666825 A CN107666825 A CN 107666825A CN 201610604451 A CN201610604451 A CN 201610604451A CN 107666825 A CN107666825 A CN 107666825A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
pcb
line slideway
patch
suction nozzle
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610604451.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
阮仕涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shenzhen Prafly Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Shenzhen Prafly Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenzhen Prafly Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Prafly Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610604451.5A priority Critical patent/CN107666825A/en
Publication of CN107666825A publication Critical patent/CN107666825A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K13/00Apparatus or processes specially adapted for manufacturing or adjusting assemblages of electric components
    • H05K13/04Mounting of components, e.g. of leadless components
    • H05K13/0404Pick-and-place heads or apparatus, e.g. with jaws
    • H05K13/0408Incorporating a pick-up tool
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K3/00Apparatus or processes for manufacturing printed circuits
    • H05K3/30Assembling printed circuits with electric components, e.g. with resistor
    • H05K3/303Surface mounted components, e.g. affixing before soldering, aligning means, spacing means
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H05ELECTRIC TECHNIQUES NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • H05KPRINTED CIRCUITS; CASINGS OR CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS OF ELECTRIC APPARATUS; MANUFACTURE OF ASSEMBLAGES OF ELECTRICAL COMPONENTS
    • H05K3/00Apparatus or processes for manufacturing printed circuits
    • H05K3/30Assembling printed circuits with electric components, e.g. with resistor
    • H05K3/306Lead-in-hole components, e.g. affixing or retention before soldering, spacing means

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of automatically slotting patch machine, including base, the pcb board conveyer being installed on base, straddle mounting in two feeding devices of the frame of the left and right sides of pcb board conveyer, the slotting patch device of the three-shaft linkage being installed in frame and the left and right sides for being respectively arranged in base upper spider on base, and the pcb board conveyer from the charging of the front and rear sides of frame and discharges.The automatically slotting chip mounter of the present invention inserts patch device by three-shaft linkage and realizes that pickup and slotting patch operate, Z axis removal mechanism is provided with suction nozzle and presss from both sides first two accessory, the paster and plug-in unit of all elements on pcb board can be disposably completed under control of the control system, and energy automatic on-line changes the suction nozzle and chuck of setting, production efficiency is greatly improved, reduces human cost.

Description

Automatically slotting patch machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to slotting patch technology, more specifically to a kind of automatically slotting patch machine.
Background technology
PCB is to be connected to combine with the circuit on substrate by electronic component, the electronic component in PCB There are two kinds of forms of paster and plug-in unit.High-power must be used with element that is being related to secure context on PCB is inserted in some industries Part, but take into account PCB miniaturizations again simultaneously, so just have the pcb board that existing plug-in unit has patch again, such as inflammable and explosive height Electronic product that warm environment uses, household electronic products etc..Current existing plug-in unit has a pcb board of patch again, during production commonly Way is that first the element to be pasted is posted with chip mounter, then the element to be inserted is plugged, and this part traditionally uses multiple workers Manual card is carried out in streamline.It is this need to chip mounter paster again use artificial plug-in unit by way of, automaticity is relatively low, Labor intensity is big, low production efficiency.Another plug-in unit mode is by inserter plug-in unit, has substrate feeder in inserter Structure, element-feeding mechanism, plug-in mechanism etc. form, although reducing labor intensity, improve productivity ratio to a certain degree, mostly Number is semi-automatic plug-in unit, and automaticity is not high, and production efficiency is limited.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, for the drawbacks described above of prior art, there is provided one kind can be at one The automatically slotting chip mounter that paster and plug-in unit operation are disposably completed on machine.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is:It is proposed a kind of automatically slotting patch machine, including base, The pcb board conveyer that is installed on base, straddle mounting in the frame of the left and right sides of pcb board conveyer on base, be installed on Three-shaft linkage in frame inserts patch device and is respectively arranged in two feeding devices of the left and right sides of base upper spider, its In:
The pcb board conveyer is from the charging of the front and rear sides of frame and discharges;
The three-shaft linkage, which inserts patch device, to be included Y-axis line slideway in frame, is slidably matched located at Y-axis straight line On guide rail and the first X-axis line slideway being parallel to each other and the second X-axis line slideway, be slidably matched respectively it is straight located at the first X-axis Line guide rail and the first X-axis slide block on the second X-axis line slideway and the second X-axis slide block, for drive the first X-axis line slideway and Second X-axis line slideway moves and driven respectively the first X-axis slide block and the second X-axis slide block respectively along Y-axis line slideway The first drive mechanism and be respectively arranged on the first X-axis slide block and the 2nd X that one X-axis line slideway and the second X-axis line slideway move The first Z axis removal mechanism and the second Z axis removal mechanism on axle sliding block;Wherein:
The Z axis that the first Z axis removal mechanism and the second Z axis removal mechanism include being installed in corresponding X-axis slide block is consolidated Fixed board, the first Z axis line slideway in the first side of Z axis fixed plate and the second Z axis line slideway, respectively with the first Z Axle line slideway and the second Z axis line slideway be slidably matched along Z-direction extension head rod and the second connecting rod, point The first Z for not driving the head rod and the second connecting rod to be moved along the first Z axis line slideway and the second Z axis line slideway Axle drive component and the second Z axis drive component, it is installed on the chuck of head rod lower end and is installed on the second connecting rod lower end Suction nozzle, the vacuum generator that is connected in Z axis fixed plate and by tracheae with chuck and suction nozzle and for driving first Connecting rod and the second connecting rod are rotated to adjust the angular adjustment component of the angle of chuck and suction nozzle.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the first Z axis drive component and the second Z axis drive component include peace Z axis motor in second side loaded on Z axis fixed plate and it is installed on being driven by Z axis in the first side of Z axis fixed plate The upper end of dynamic motor driven and the timing belt rotated around one group of synchronous pulley, the head rod and the second connecting rod respectively with Respective synchronization band, which is fixedly connected and slided respectively by Z axis sliding block and the first Z axis line slideway and the second Z axis line slideway, to be connected Connect;The first side bottom of the Z axis fixed plate is additionally provided with to be provided for the movement and rotation of head rod and the second connecting rod The lower end of the connecting rod guidance set of guiding, the head rod and the second connecting rod is respectively from the bottom of connecting rod guidance set Portion is extended downwardly to install chuck and suction nozzle.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the angular adjustment component includes being installed on the second side of Z axis fixed plate Angular adjustment motor on face, the first synchronous pulley driven by angular adjustment motor, pass through ball spline respectively The second synchronous pulley and the 3rd timing belt being installed on the head rod and the second connecting rod of connecting rod guidance set bottom The timing belt of the first synchronous pulley of wheel and connection, the second synchronous pulley and the 3rd synchronous pulley.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the feeding device include vibrating disk, for by vibrating disk in level side The push-tight mechanism that positions upwards, for the jacking mechanism that positions vibrating disk in the vertical direction and for by vibrating disk Element in material road is separated so as to the first Z axis removal mechanism and the element separating mechanism of the second Z axis removal mechanism pickup.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the push-tight mechanism includes rotary cylinder and driven by the rotary cylinder And rotate with the push-tight spill spin block of push-tight vibrating disk.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the jacking mechanism is self-balancing jacking mechanism, including holds out against cylinder, consolidates Due to hold out against the connecting plate of cylinder output end, the top plate for ejection vibration tray bottom and be arranged at connecting plate and top plate it Between at least two springs.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the element separating mechanism includes the element separation being installed on base Seat, the slider cylinder on element separation block and the element separation cunning that is driven by slider cylinder and can be moved on feed direction Plate, the material road that vibrating disk is docked on the element separated skateboard is provided with corresponding element and deposits position, and deposits position in each element Both sides set one group of correlation type photoelectric sensor.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the pcb board conveyer include PCB top plates, it is arranged in parallel in PCB top plates both sides simultaneously support fixed board and PCB branch rackings plate, connection PCB to support fixed board and PCB along the PCB of PCB direction of transfers extension The leading screw of branch racking plate, the leading screw are rotated by regulation motor and then drive PCB branch racking plates to be supported relative to PCB Fixed board movement is with closer or far from PCB support fixed boards;PCB transmission is respectively equipped with the PCB support fixed boards and PCB branch racking plates Band.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the PCB top plates are provided with multiple PCB ejector pin mechanisms, each PCB Ejector pin mechanism includes fixed block and the more thimbles located at fixed block upper surface, and each thimble covers close to the position of upper end Fill a snap ring.
According to one embodiment of present invention, the automatically slotting patch machine also includes two suction nozzle chuck replacing devices, The suction nozzle chuck replacing device includes indexing motor and the clamping jaw disk for being driven by indexing motor and being rotated, and is set on the clamping jaw disk Put multiple clamping jaws, at least one clamping jaw in the multiple clamping jaw is room, remaining clamping jaw be used to clamping suction nozzle to be selected and/ Or chuck.
Implement the automatically slotting patch machine of the present invention, have the advantages that:The automatically slotting chip mounter of the present invention passes through three Axle linkage inserts patch device and realizes that pickup operates with patch is inserted, and Z axis removal mechanism is provided with suction nozzle and presss from both sides first two accessory, Neng Gou The paster and plug-in unit of all elements on pcb board are disposably completed in the control of control system, and energy automatic on-line changes setting Suction nozzle and chuck, greatly improve production efficiency, reduce human cost.
Brief description of the drawings
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the invention will be further described, in accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the automatic slotting patch machine of one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the slotting patch device of three-shaft linkage in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the Z axis removal mechanism in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of another angle of the Z axis removal mechanism shown in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the mounting structure schematic diagram of the feeding device in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of the self-balancing jacking mechanism in one embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the element separating mechanism coordinated in one embodiment of the invention with vibrating disk, wherein showing The state that element separating mechanism docks with material road is gone out;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation for the state that the element separating mechanism shown in Fig. 7 separates element;
Fig. 9 is the structural representation of the PCB conveyers in one embodiment of the invention;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of the PCB ejector pin mechanisms in one embodiment of the invention;
Figure 11 is the structural representation of the automatic slotting patch machine of one embodiment of the invention, illustrated therein is suction nozzle chuck more The position of changing device;
Figure 12 is the partial enlarged drawing at A in Figure 11;
Figure 13 is the structural representation of the suction nozzle chuck replacing device in one embodiment of the invention.
Embodiment
In order to make the purpose , technical scheme and advantage of the present invention be clearer, it is right below in conjunction with drawings and Examples The present invention is further elaborated.It should be appreciated that the specific embodiments described herein are merely illustrative of the present invention, and It is not used in the restriction present invention.
Fig. 1 shows the structural representation of automatic slotting patch machine 1000 according to an embodiment of the invention.Such as Fig. 1 institutes Show, this inserts patch owner automatically to insert patch device 300, the and of PCB conveyers 400 by base 100, frame 200, three-shaft linkage Two feeding devices 500 are formed, wherein, pcb board conveyer 400 is arranged on base 100, and the straddle mounting of frame 200 is in base 100 The left and right sides of upper pcb board conveyer 400, three-shaft linkage is inserted patch device 300 and is arranged in frame, for being passed to pcb board The pcb board on device 400 is sent to carry out plug-in unit and patch operation, two feeding devices 500 are respectively arranged in the upper spider of base 100 200 left and right sides, the slotting patch for inserting patch device 300 for three-shaft linkage, which operates, provides required element.Pcb board transmits Device 400 is then from the charging of the front and rear sides of frame 200 and discharging.
Specifically as shown in Fig. 2 the slotting patch device 300 of three-shaft linkage is mainly led by Y-axis line slideway 310, the first X-axis straight line Rail 320, the first X-axis slide block 330, the second X-axis line slideway 340, the second X-axis slide block 350, the first Z axis removal mechanism 360 and The drive mechanism of two Z axis removal mechanisms 370 and correlation is formed.Wherein, Y-axis line slideway 310 is arranged in frame 200, the One X-axis line slideway 320 and the second X-axis line slideway 340 are parallel to each other, and are slidably installed in Y-axis line slideway 310 On, the first X-axis slide block 330 is slidably installed on the first X-axis line slideway 320, and the second X-axis slide block 350 is slidably matched peace On the second X-axis line slideway 340, the first Z axis removal mechanism 360 and the second Z axis removal mechanism 370 are then separately mounted to In one X-axis slide block 330 and the second X-axis slide block 350.In this way, under the drive of respective drive mechanism, the first X-axis line slideway 320 It can be moved respectively along Y-axis line slideway 310 with the second X-axis line slideway 340, meanwhile, the first X-axis slide block 330 and the second X-axis are slided Block 350 can move along the first X-axis line slideway 320 and the second X-axis line slideway 340 respectively, so as to the first Z axis extractor The pcb board 20 that the Z axis removal mechanism 370 of structure 360 and second can be positioned on lower section PCB conveyers 400 need to arbitrarily insert patch The position of part.In specific embodiment, the drive mechanism can be realized for example, by linear electric motors 380, and can add magnetic railings ruler 390 coordinate linear electric motors 380 to form close-loop driven, and the type of drive for adding leading screw compared to traditional servomotor exports acceleration and deceleration more Hurry up, precision it is higher.
First Z axis removal mechanism 360 and the second Z axis removal mechanism 370 are used for pickup and the slotting patch of element for realizing element, Its concrete structure can be found in the Z axis removal mechanism 900 shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4.Z axis removal mechanism 900 is the first Z axis extractor The Z axis removal mechanism 370 of structure 360 or second.Specifically as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 4, Z axis removal mechanism 900 is mainly by Z axis fixed plate 901st, the first Z axis line slideway 903, the second Z axis line slideway 909, head rod 906, the second connecting rod 913, the first Z axis Drive component 902, the second Z axis drive component 908, chuck 907, suction nozzle 914, vacuum generator 916 and angular adjustment component 922 Form.Z axis fixed plate 901 be arranged on corresponding X-axis slide block (the first X-axis slide block 330 or the second X-axis slide block 350) on, so as to X-axis slide block moves together.First Z axis line slideway 903 and the second Z axis line slideway 909 are arranged on the of X-axis fixed plate 901 On one side, extend along Z axis.The connecting rod 913 of head rod 906 and second extended along Z-direction is straight with the first Z axis respectively The Z axis line slideway 909 of line guide rail 903 and second is slidably matched, in the first Z axis drive component 902 and the second Z axis drive component Under 908 driving, the connecting rod 913 of head rod 906 and second can be led along the first Z axis line slideway 903 and the second Z axis straight line Rail 909 moves up and down, and drives the chuck 907 for being installed on its lower end and suction nozzle 914 to move up and down together, to realize the pickup of element Operated with slotting patch.
Specifically as shown in figure 3, the first Z axis drive component 902 is mainly by Z axis motor 9021, the and of synchronous pulley 9022 Timing belt 9023 is formed.Z axis motor 9021 is arranged in the second side of Z axis fixed plate 901, is led with the first Z axis straight line One group of synchronous pulley 9022 that rail 903 be arranged in parallel is arranged in the first side of Z axis fixed plate 901, passes through timing belt 9023 Connection.Z axis motor 9021 drives timing belt 9023 to operate by synchronous pulley 9022.The upper end of head rod 906 leads to Cross fixed block 905 to be fixedly connected with timing belt 9023, the bottom connection Z axis sliding block 904 of fixed block 905, Z axis sliding block 904 slides It is matched with the first Z axis line slideway 903.Thus, the operating of timing belt 9023 will drive head rod 906 along the first Z Axle line slideway 903 moves up and down.Second Z axis drive component 908 has and 902 identical knot of the first Z axis line slideway Structure, just repeat no more herein.The upper end of second connecting rod 913 is synchronous with the second Z axis drive component 908 by fixed block 912 Band is fixedly connected, and the bottom connection Z axis sliding block 910 of fixed block 912, Z axis sliding block 910 is snug fit at the second Z axis line slideway On 909.Thus, the operating of the timing belt of the second Z axis drive component 908 will drive the second connecting rod 913 along the second Z axis straight line Guide rail 909 moves up and down.Further, the first side bottom of Z axis fixed plate 901 is additionally provided with connecting rod guidance set 915, and first The connecting rod 913 of connecting rod 906 and second is each passed through the pilot hole set on the connecting rod guidance set 915, so as to by connecting Bar guidance set 915 is the mobile offer guiding of the connecting rod 913 of head rod 906 and second.Head rod 906 and second The lower end of connecting rod 913 extends downwardly from from the bottom of connecting rod guidance set 915 to install chuck 907 and suction nozzle 914 respectively.
Further as shown in figure 3, vacuum generator 916 is arranged on the upper end of Z axis fixed plate 901, pass through spring gas respectively Pipe 917 and 918 connects with suction nozzle 914 and chuck 907, so that the pickup for suction nozzle 914 and chuck 907 and the operation of slotting patch provide Operating air pressure.For example, when control system drives suction nozzle 914 or chuck 907 to arrive feeding position pickup, vacuum generator 916 is two Person provides negative pressure to adsorb element, when control system drives suction nozzle 914 or chuck 907 to slotting patch position, vacuum generator 916 provide malleation with releasing member for the two.
Further as shown in figure 4, Z axis removal mechanism 900 is additionally provided with for driving the connecting rod of head rod 906 and second 913 rotate to adjust the angular adjustment component 922 of the angle of chuck 907 and suction nozzle 914.Angular adjustment component 922 is mainly by angle Degree regulation motor 9221, timing belt 9222, the first synchronous pulley 9223, the second synchronous pulley 9224 and the 3rd synchronous pulley 9225 are formed.Angular adjustment motor 9221 is installed in the second side of Z axis fixed plate 901, drives the first synchronous pulley 9222 rotate.Second synchronous pulley 9224 and the 3rd synchronous pulley 9225 are led for example, by ball spline installed in connecting rod respectively To in the connecting rod 913 of head rod 906 and second of the bottom of component 915.Timing belt 9222 is by the first synchronous pulley 9223, Two synchronous pulleys 9224 and the 3rd synchronous pulley 9225 connect.When angular adjustment motor 9221 drives the first synchronous pulley During 9222 rotation, the second synchronous pulley 9224 and the 3rd synchronous pulley 9225 is driven to rotate by timing belt 9222, and then drive The connecting rod 913 of head rod 906 and second rotates together, is located at the connecting rod of head rod 906 and second respectively to realize The chuck 907 of 913 ends and the angular adjustment of suction nozzle 914.
Fig. 5 shows the mounting structure schematic diagram of feeding device 500 in one embodiment of the invention.As shown in figure 5, feeding Device 500 includes vibrating disk 510, and the vibrating disk 510 is positioned in the horizontal direction by push-tight mechanism 520, passes through self-balancing top The in the vertical direction positioning of tight mechanism 530.Push-tight mechanism 520 mainly includes push-tight spill spin block 521 and rotary cylinder 522.Work as light When electric transducer 540 detects vibrating disk 510, rotary cylinder 522 works, and drives push-tight spill spin block 521 to rotate, so as to vibrate Disk push-tight positioning in the horizontal direction.Self-balancing jacking mechanism 530 mainly includes holding out against cylinder 532 and being installed on holding out against cylinder Self-balancing component 531 on 532.Holding out against the work of cylinder 532 promotes self-balancing component 532 to hold out against vibrating disk 510 upwards.Self-balancing The structure and operation principle of component 531 are as shown in Figure 6.Self-balancing component 531 mainly by connecting plate 5313, top plate 5311 and is set At least two springs 5312 between connecting plate 5313 and top plate 5311 are formed, and connecting plate 5313, which is fixed on, holds out against cylinder 532 Output end, top plate 5311 are used for the bottom of ejection vibrating disk 510.When top plate 5311 touches the vibrating disk 510 for needing to hold out against, such as Fruit vibrating disk 510 not enough balances, then the part that top plate 5311 first touches spring-compressed to a certain extent when, first touch One end spring will no longer compression or deformation it is very small, another side spring can deform it is relatively large, until each spring by Power is consistent, so as to reach the result of the balance of vibrating disk 510.
Further as shown in fig. 7, feeding device 500 also includes the element separating mechanism 550 coordinated with vibrating disk 510.Member Part separating mechanism 550 is used to separate the element 10 in the material road 512 of vibrating disk 510 so as to the first Z axis removal mechanism 360 or the The pickup of two Z axis removal mechanism 370.Specifically as shown in fig. 7, element separating mechanism 550 includes separation block 551, the and of slider cylinder 552 Element separated skateboard 553, separation block 551 may be mounted in base 100 or frame 200, and slider cylinder 552 is arranged on separation block On 551, element separated skateboard 553 can be driven by slider cylinder 552 and can be moved on feed direction.Element separated skateboard 553 Upper docking material road 512 is provided with corresponding two elements storage position 554, and in the both sides difference of each element storage position 554 The transmitting terminal 5552 and receiving terminal 5551 of one group of correlation type photoelectric sensor are set.
The course of work of element separating mechanism 550 is as follows:Element is vibrated in material road 512 by vibrating disk 510, then is passed through Straight 511 elements that shake of the bottom of material road 512, which shake, to be sent on element separating mechanism 550.When element is reached on element separated skateboard 553 Element storage position 554 when cover correlation type photoelectric sensor, send signal control slider cylinder 552 and work, drive element point Feeding position is moved to from slide plate 553 so that the element on element storage position 554 staggers with the element in material road 512 to be separated, and is such as schemed Shown in 8.At this moment, after detecting element separated skateboard 553 in place by corresponding sensor, control signal can be sent and control three axles Linkage is inserted patch device 300 and acted, and driving Z axis removal mechanism 360 and 370 is moved to feeding position from element separated skateboard 553 Element storage position 554 take element 10 away.After element 10 is removed, correlation type photoelectric sensor light is connected, and sends control Signal controls slider cylinder 552 to work again, drives element separated skateboard 553 to reset, and carries out the element separation of next round.
Fig. 9 shows the structural representation of pcb board conveyer 400 according to an embodiment of the invention.Such as Fig. 9 institutes Show, the pcb board conveyer 400 be used for transmit and support pcb board 20, mainly by PCB top plates 407, PCB support fixed board 401, PCB branch rackings plate 402, PCB conveyer belts and corresponding drive mechanism are formed.PCB supports fixed board 401 and the phase of PCB branch rackings plate 402 The both sides of PCB top plates are mutually set in parallel in, and are extended along the direction of transfer of pcb board 20.PCB supports fixed board 401 and PCB branch rackings Plate 402 is connected by front and rear two leading screws 405, wherein a leading screw is rotated by regulation motor 403, passes through timing belt 404 drive another screw synchronous to rotate, so as to drive PCB branch rackings plate 402 relative to PCB support fixed boards 401 move with by Fixed board 401 is supported close or remote from PCB, the regulation of the two spacing is realized, to be adapted to various various sizes of pcb boards.PCB supports are fixed PCB conveyer belts are respectively equipped with plate 401 and PCB branch rackings plate 402.The PCB conveyer belts may include to drive by buncher 408 Feed conveyor belt 409 and the discharge belt 411 that is driven by buncher 410, for coordinating complete machine operation to carry out pcb board 20 charging and discharging.Further as shown in figure 9, two before and after the feed direction of PCB support fixed boards 401 and PCB branch rackings plate 402 End is respectively equipped with limiting cylinder 412 and 413.When pcb board is expired on pcb board conveyer 400, the meeting of limiting cylinder 412 and 413 Rise to prevent outside feeding device to be fed again into pcb board.
Further as shown in Figure 9 and Figure 10, PCB top plates 407 are provided with multiple PCB ejector pin mechanisms 406, to be inserted for supporting The pcb board 20 of patch.Every PCB ejector pin mechanisms 406 are by fixed block 4061 and the more thimbles located at the upper surface of fixed block 4061 4062 are formed, and each thimble 4062 is being set with a snap ring 4063 close to the position of upper end.This PCB ejector pin mechanisms design energy It is enough to prevent pcb board from deforming well.
Again as shown in figure 11, automatically slotting patch machine according to an embodiment of the invention is additionally provided with and two Z axis component machines Two suction nozzle chuck replacing devices 600 that structure 360,370,900 is used in combination.Two suction nozzle chuck replacing devices 600 can It is arranged at the both sides of vibrating disk material road for example as depicted.It is specific as shown in figure 13, suction nozzle chuck replacing device 600 mainly by Fixed plate 601, clamping jaw disk 602, connection fixing block 603 and indexing motor 604 are formed.Fixed plate 601 is used to press from both sides whole suction nozzle Head more changing device 600 is fixedly mounted in base 100 or frame 200.Clamping jaw disk 602 is arranged on solid by connection fixing block 603 It can be rotated by fixed board 601 and in indexing motor 604.Multiple clamping jaws 605 are provided with clamping jaw disk 602, each folder Pawl 605 has the opening of U-shaped, and the opening of the U-shaped is provided with U-shaped stopper slot 606, and the suction nozzle and chuck for replacing pass through Flange is installed in the U-shaped stopper slot 606 of clamping jaw 605.There is at least one clamping jaw in multiple clamping jaws 605 of clamping jaw disk 602 for sky Position, for installing the chuck or suction nozzle removed from Z axis removal mechanism, remaining clamping jaw be then used to clamping suction nozzle to be selected and/ Or chuck.Referring specifically to shown in Figure 12, when needing to change the suction nozzle and/or chuck in Z axis removal mechanism 900, by Z axis pickup The change bit that mechanism 900 is moved to where suction nozzle chuck replacing device 600, by existing suction nozzle or folder in Z axis removal mechanism 900 The horizontal empty clamping jaw 605 being sent on clamping jaw disk 602 of head, by U-shaped stopper slot it is spacing after, Z axis removal mechanism 900 is moved up suction nozzle Or chuck is separated with connecting rod so as to be placed in clamping jaw 605;Then indexing motor 604 drives clamping jaw disk 602 to rotate and switched to At suction nozzle or chuck to be replaced, Z axis removal mechanism 900 descends general who has surrendered's suction nozzle to be replaced or chuck to insert connecting rod end again, Then Z axis removal mechanism 900 moves horizontally the suction nozzle that will more finish changing or chuck and disengaging clamping jaw is exited from U-shaped stopper slot, just complete Into whole Renewal process.
The present invention automatically slotting chip mounter described above inserts patch device by three-shaft linkage and realizes that pickup and slotting patch are grasped Make, Z axis removal mechanism is provided with suction nozzle and presss from both sides first two accessory, can disposably complete pcb board under control of the control system The paster and plug-in unit of upper all elements, and energy automatic on-line changes the suction nozzle and chuck of setting, greatly improves production efficiency, Reduce human cost.
The foregoing is merely illustrative of the preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not intended to limit the invention, all essences in the present invention All any modification, equivalent and improvement made within refreshing and principle etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. automatically slotting patch machine, it is characterised in that including base, the pcb board conveyer being installed on base, straddle mounting in The frame of the left and right sides of pcb board conveyer, the three-shaft linkage being installed in frame are inserted patch device and pacified respectively on base Two feeding devices of the left and right sides loaded on base upper spider, wherein:
    The pcb board conveyer is from the charging of the front and rear sides of frame and discharges;
    The three-shaft linkage, which inserts patch device, to be included Y-axis line slideway in frame, is slidably matched located at Y-axis line slideway Upper and the first X-axis line slideway being parallel to each other and the second X-axis line slideway, it is slidably matched is led located at the first X-axis straight line respectively Rail and the first X-axis slide block on the second X-axis line slideway and the second X-axis slide block, for driving the first X-axis line slideway and second X-axis line slideway moves and driven respectively the first X-axis slide block and the second X-axis slide block respectively along the first X-axis along Y-axis line slideway The first drive mechanism and be respectively arranged on the first X-axis slide block and the second X-axis cunning that line slideway and the second X-axis line slideway move The first Z axis removal mechanism and the second Z axis removal mechanism on block;Wherein:
    Z axis fixed plate that the first Z axis removal mechanism and the second Z axis removal mechanism include being installed in corresponding X-axis slide block, The first Z axis line slideway and the second Z axis line slideway in the first side of Z axis fixed plate, respectively with the first Z axis straight line Guide rail and the second Z axis line slideway be slidably matched along Z-direction extension head rod and the second connecting rod, drive respectively The first Z axis that the head rod and the second connecting rod move along the first Z axis line slideway and the second Z axis line slideway drives Component and the second Z axis drive component, the suction nozzle for being installed on the chuck of head rod lower end and being installed on the second connecting rod lower end, The vacuum generator that is connected in Z axis fixed plate and by tracheae with chuck and suction nozzle and for driving head rod Rotated with the second connecting rod to adjust the angular adjustment component of the angle of chuck and suction nozzle.
  2. 2. automatically slotting patch machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the first Z axis drive component and the second Z axis Drive component includes the Z axis motor being installed in the second side of Z axis fixed plate and is installed on the first of Z axis fixed plate The timing belt for being driven by Z axis motor and being rotated around one group of synchronous pulley on side, the head rod and second connect The upper end of extension bar is fixedly connected with respective synchronization band and respectively by Z axis sliding block and the first Z axis line slideway and the second Z axis respectively Line slideway is slidably connected;The first side bottom of the Z axis fixed plate is additionally provided with as head rod and the second connecting rod The lower end of connecting rod guidance set that is mobile and rotating offer guiding, the head rod and the second connecting rod is respectively from connection The bottom of bar guidance set is extended downwardly to install chuck and suction nozzle.
  3. 3. automatically slotting patch machine according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the angular adjustment component includes being installed on Z Angular adjustment motor in the second side of axis fixing plate, the first synchronous pulley driven by angular adjustment motor, Second be installed on respectively by ball spline on the head rod and the second connecting rod of connecting rod guidance set bottom is synchronous The timing belt of belt wheel and the 3rd synchronous pulley and the first synchronous pulley of connection, the second synchronous pulley and the 3rd synchronous pulley.
  4. 4. automatically slotting patch machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the feeding device includes vibrating disk, is used for By push-tight mechanism that vibrating disk positions in the horizontal direction, for vibrating disk in the vertical direction is positioned jacking mechanism, with And the element in the material road by vibrating disk is separated so as to the first Z axis removal mechanism and the second Z axis removal mechanism pickup Element separating mechanism.
  5. 5. automatically slotting patch machine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the push-tight mechanism include rotary cylinder and by The rotary cylinder drives and rotated with the push-tight spill spin block of push-tight vibrating disk.
  6. 6. automatically slotting patch machine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the jacking mechanism is that self-balancing holds out against machine Structure, including hold out against cylinder, be fixed on the connecting plate for holding out against cylinder output end, top plate, Yi Jishe for ejection vibration tray bottom At least two springs being placed between connecting plate and top plate.
  7. 7. automatically slotting patch machine according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the element separating mechanism includes being installed on bottom Element separation block on seat, the slider cylinder on element separation block and by slider cylinder drive and can be moved up in feed direction Dynamic element separated skateboard, the material road that vibrating disk is docked on the element separated skateboard are provided with corresponding element and deposit position, and The both sides of each element storage position set one group of correlation type photoelectric sensor.
  8. 8. automatically slotting patch machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the pcb board conveyer pushes up including PCB Plate, arranged in parallel support fixed board and PCB branch rackings plate, even in PCB top plates both sides and along the PCB of PCB direction of transfers extension The leading screw of PCB support fixed boards and PCB branch racking plates is connect, the leading screw is rotated by regulation motor and then drives PCB branch Racking plate supports fixed board movement to support fixed board closer or far from PCB relative to PCB;The PCB support fixed boards and PCB branch rackings PCB conveyer belts are respectively equipped with plate.
  9. 9. automatically slotting patch machine according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the PCB top plates are provided with multiple PCB thimbles Mechanism, each PCB ejector pin mechanisms include fixed block and the more thimbles located at fixed block upper surface, and each thimble exists A snap ring is set with close to the position of upper end.
  10. 10. automatically slotting patch machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the automatically slotting patch machine also includes two Suction nozzle chuck replacing device, the suction nozzle chuck replacing device include indexing motor and the clamping jaw for being driven by indexing motor and being rotated Disk, sets multiple clamping jaws on the clamping jaw disk, and at least one clamping jaw in the multiple clamping jaw is room, and remaining clamping jaw is used to press from both sides Hold suction nozzle and/or chuck to be selected.
CN201610604451.5A 2016-07-27 2016-07-27 Automatically slotting patch machine Pending CN107666825A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610604451.5A CN107666825A (en) 2016-07-27 2016-07-27 Automatically slotting patch machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610604451.5A CN107666825A (en) 2016-07-27 2016-07-27 Automatically slotting patch machine

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CN107666825A true CN107666825A (en) 2018-02-06

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CN113573566A (en) * 2021-07-20 2021-10-29 广东木几智能装备有限公司 Four-arm chip mounter
CN114190000A (en) * 2022-02-16 2022-03-15 四川英创力电子科技股份有限公司 Device and method for processing double-sided V-shaped groove on copper base of printed board
CN114900983A (en) * 2022-05-18 2022-08-12 深圳市精科睿精密制品有限公司 A chip mounter for PCB board

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JP2010158871A (en) * 2009-01-09 2010-07-22 Yamaha Motor Co Ltd Printing apparatus
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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113573566A (en) * 2021-07-20 2021-10-29 广东木几智能装备有限公司 Four-arm chip mounter
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CN114900983A (en) * 2022-05-18 2022-08-12 深圳市精科睿精密制品有限公司 A chip mounter for PCB board
CN114900983B (en) * 2022-05-18 2022-12-06 深圳市精科睿精密制品有限公司 A chip mounter for PCB board

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