CN107664442A - A kind of application process of heat exchanger tube - Google Patents

A kind of application process of heat exchanger tube Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107664442A
CN107664442A CN201710863625.4A CN201710863625A CN107664442A CN 107664442 A CN107664442 A CN 107664442A CN 201710863625 A CN201710863625 A CN 201710863625A CN 107664442 A CN107664442 A CN 107664442A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
tube
pass partition
heat
housing
cooling medium
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn
Application number
CN201710863625.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张贵友
Original Assignee
张贵友
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 张贵友 filed Critical 张贵友
Priority to CN201710863625.4A priority Critical patent/CN107664442A/en
Publication of CN107664442A publication Critical patent/CN107664442A/en
Withdrawn legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D7/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall
    • F28D7/16Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being arranged in parallel spaced relation
    • F28D7/1615Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being arranged in parallel spaced relation the conduits being inside a casing and extending at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the casing; the conduits crossing the conduit for the other heat exchange medium
    • F28D7/1623Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being arranged in parallel spaced relation the conduits being inside a casing and extending at an angle to the longitudinal axis of the casing; the conduits crossing the conduit for the other heat exchange medium with particular pattern of flow of the heat exchange media, e.g. change of flow direction
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/24Arrangements for promoting turbulent flow of heat-exchange media, e.g. by plates

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of application process of heat exchanger tube, pass partition is obliquely installed by tube bank first, impact dynamics of the cooling medium to pass partition can be reduced when cooling medium flows through, and the angle of inclination of pass partition is arranged in the range of 15~35 °, so that the impact dynamics of cooling medium be reduced to it is minimum, in the T-shaped reinforcement of pass partition bottom installation, its stability and impact resistance can be strengthened;Groove on pass partition can play a part of water conservancy diversion, and cooling medium can be made to carry out heat exchange processing with the medium that the second feed tube flows into, the depth of its further groove is 5~12 ㎜ quickly through tube bank so that cooling medium flow velocity reaches optimal.

Description

A kind of application process of heat exchanger tube
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of heat exchanger, in particular to a kind of application process of heat exchanger tube.
Background technology
It can be divided into by the textural classification of heat exchanger:Movable tube sheets heat exchanger, fixed tube-sheet exchanger, U-tube sheet heat exchanger, Plate type heat exchanger etc..Because tube bank is connected with housing in fixed tube-sheet exchanger, U-tube sheet heat exchanger, plate type heat exchanger, make Obtain and expanded by heating restrained in heat exchange, when the temperature difference between two media is larger, thermal (temperature difference) stress can be produced between tube bank and housing, And then cause tube bank impaired.
The content of the invention
The present invention provides a kind of application process of heat exchanger tube, to extend the service life of tube bank.
The purpose of the present invention reaches by the following technical programs:
Pass partition is obliquely installed by the present invention by tube bank first, can reduce cooling medium pair when cooling medium flows through The impact dynamics of pass partition, and the angle of inclination of pass partition is arranged in the range of 15~35 ° so that and cooling medium rushes The dynamics of hitting be reduced to it is minimum, pass partition bottom installation T-shaped reinforcement, its stability and impact resistance can be strengthened;Divide journey Groove on dividing plate can play a part of water conservancy diversion, can make cooling medium quickly through tube bank, the medium flowed into the second feed tube Heat exchange processing is carried out, the depth of its further groove is 5~12 ㎜ so that cooling medium flow velocity reaches optimal;Wherein, the tube bank bag Include housing and be arranged on the tube bank of enclosure interior, one end of tube bank is fixedly connected on housing, and the other end of tube bank is freely set In housing, the top of housing is provided with the first feed tube and the second feed tube, and the bottom of housing is provided with the first drain pipe and second Feed tube, pass partition is also tiltedly installed with shell one end, the inclined plane of the first feed tube face pass partition, is being divided The bottom of journey dividing plate is additionally provided with T-shaped reinforcement.
The tube bank includes multiple heat-transfer pipes, fixed tube sheet and floating tubesheet, and one end of heat-transfer pipe is arranged on fixed tube sheet On, the other end of heat-transfer pipe is connected with floating tubesheet, and hook circle and butterfly lid, hook circle and butterfly lid are provided with the floating tubesheet Connected by flange, in addition to the upper deflection plate of multiple arch and lower deflection plate, the upper deflection plate and lower deflection plate interval are set Put on multiple heat-transfer pipes, the central angle of upper deflection plate and lower deflection plate is 125 °, the adjacent upper deflection plate and lower folding Spacing between flowing plate is 0.12~0.6m.
The heat-transfer pipe is arranged as equilateral triangle arrangement on floating tubesheet.
Sealing gasket is also equipped between butterfly lid and floating tubesheet.
The hook circle is Type B hook circle.
The thickness of the butterfly lid is 15~20 ㎝.
Polymer composite is also coated with the floating tubesheet.
The present invention compared with prior art, has the following advantages that and beneficial effect:
1st, deflection plate and lower deflection plate can not only play a part of supporting heat-transfer pipe in the present invention, moreover it is possible to by enclosure interior point The Heat Room of multiple connections is divided into, the turbulent extent that enhancing fluid flows between pipe, enhancing heat transfer, improves heat transfer efficiency, Wherein the central angle of deflection plate is 125 °, and the spacing between adjacent two deflection plates is in 0.12~0.6m so that medium between pipe Turbulent extent reach maximum horizontal, be advantageous to improve heat exchange efficiency.
2nd, the polymer composite that scribbles of the present invention not only causes heat-transfer pipe to have stronger impact resistance and corrosion-resistant Property, it is also convenient for quick cleaning dirt of the heat-transfer pipe when safeguarding.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing described herein is used for providing further understanding the embodiment of the present invention, forms one of the application Point, do not form the restriction to the embodiment of the present invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of tube bank;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 A to sectional view;
Mark and corresponding parts title in accompanying drawing:
1- heat-transfer pipes, 2- fixed tube sheets, 3- floating tubesheets, 4- hooks circle, 5- butterflies lid, 6- deflection plates, 7- housings, 8- methods Orchid, 9- sealing gaskets, the feed tubes of 10- second, the feed tubes of 11- first, the drain pipes of 12- first, the drain pipes of 13- second, 14- overflows gear Plate, 15- pass partitions.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, pass partition is obliquely installed by the present invention by tube bank first, can when cooling medium flows through Reduce impact dynamics of the cooling medium to pass partition, and the angle of inclination of pass partition is arranged in the range of 15~35 °, is made Cooling medium impact dynamics be reduced to it is minimum, pass partition bottom installation T-shaped reinforcement, can strengthen its stability with Impact resistance;Groove on pass partition can play a part of water conservancy diversion, can make cooling medium quickly through tube bank, with the second feed liquor The medium that pipe flows into carries out heat exchange processing, and the depth of its further groove is 5~12 ㎜ so that cooling medium flow velocity reaches optimal;Pipe Beam includes multiple heat-transfer pipes 1, fixed tube sheet 2 and floating tubesheet 3, and one end of heat-transfer pipe 1 is arranged on fixed tube sheet 2, heat-transfer pipe 1 The other end be connected with floating tubesheet 3, hook circle 4 and butterfly lid 5 be installed, hook circle 4 is logical with butterfly lid 5 on the floating tubesheet 3 Flange 8 is crossed to connect, in addition to the upper deflection plate 6 of multiple arch and lower deflection plate 10, between the upper deflection plate 6 and lower deflection plate 10 Every being arranged on multiple heat-transfer pipes 1, the central angle of upper deflection plate 6 and lower deflection plate 10 is 125 °, the adjacent upper baffling Spacing between plate 6 and lower deflection plate 10 is 0.12~0.6m;Sealing gasket is also equipped between butterfly lid 5 and floating tubesheet 3 9;The heat-transfer pipe 1 is arranged as equilateral triangle arrangement on floating tubesheet.The one end restrained in the present invention is fixed with housing 7, And the tube sheet of the other end can in the housing 7 of heat exchanger free floating, housing 7 and tube bank be free to thermal expansion, therefore work as When the temperature difference of two media is larger, thermal (temperature difference) stress will not be produced between tube bank and housing 7, the grade part of heat-transfer pipe 1 is avoided and is damaged, Butterfly lid 5 is designed to removable structure, heat-transfer pipe 1 is easily inserted into or is extracted out, improves maintenance and cleaning efficiency;Positive three The heat-transfer pipe 1 of triangular arrangement may be such that the medium flowed through outside pipe quickly and evenly flows through tube bank, avoid the heat transfer close to entrance Pipe 1 is increased by the temperature of medium outside pipe and the temperature difference of medium in heat-transfer pipe 1, causes larger temperature stress poor, causes Heat-transfer pipe 1 is impaired;The upper deflection plate 6 of multiple arch and lower deflection plate 10 are set on heat-transfer pipe 1, and upper deflection plate 6 is with The interval of deflection plate 10 is arranged on inside heat exchanger shell 7, and upper deflection plate 6 and lower deflection plate 10 can not only play support heat-transfer pipe 1 Effect, moreover it is possible to will be separated into the Heat Room of multiple connections inside housing 7, the turbulent extent that enhancing fluid flows between pipe, increase Big heat transfer coefficient, heat transfer efficiency is improved, wherein the central angle of upper deflection plate 6 and lower deflection plate 10 is on 125 °, adjacent two Spacing between deflection plate 6 and lower deflection plate 10 is in 0.12~0.6m so that and the turbulent extent of medium reaches maximum horizontal between pipe, Be advantageous to improve heat exchange efficiency;Butterfly lid 5 is gripped floating tubesheet 3 by flange 8 with hook circle 4, and the sealing gasket 9 of setting can So that ensureing the seal of tube bank when floating tubesheet 3 fluctuates, prevent that medium is mutually mixed inside and outside pipe, influences heat exchange efficiency.
Above-described embodiment, the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and beneficial effect are carried out further Describe in detail, should be understood that the embodiment that the foregoing is only the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention Protection domain, within the spirit and principles of the invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements done etc., all should include Within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (4)

  1. A kind of 1. application process of heat exchanger tube, it is characterised in that:Pass partition is obliquely installed by tube bank first, cold But impact dynamics of the cooling medium to pass partition can be reduced when medium flows through, and the angle of inclination of pass partition is arranged on 15 In the range of~35 ° so that the impact dynamics of cooling medium be reduced to it is minimum, pass partition bottom installation T-shaped reinforcement, can Strengthen its stability and impact resistance;Groove on pass partition can play a part of water conservancy diversion, can make cooling medium quickly through Tube bank, carries out heat exchange processing, the depth of its further groove is 5~12 ㎜ so that cooling medium with the medium that the second feed tube flows into Flow velocity reaches optimal;Wherein, the tube bank includes housing (7) and is arranged on the internal tube bank of housing (7), and one end of tube bank is fixed It is connected on housing (7), the other end of tube bank is freely arranged in housing (7), and the top of housing (7) is provided with the first feed tube (11) and the second feed tube (10), the bottom of housing (7) is provided with the first drain pipe (11) and the second feed tube (10), in housing (7) one end is also tiltedly installed with pass partition (15), the inclined plane of the first feed tube (11) face pass partition (15), The bottom of pass partition (15) is additionally provided with T-shaped reinforcement.
  2. A kind of 2. application process of heat exchanger tube according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The tube bank includes multiple Heat-transfer pipe (1), fixed tube sheet (2) and floating tubesheet (3), one end of heat-transfer pipe (1) are arranged on fixed tube sheet (2), heat-transfer pipe (1) the other end is connected with floating tubesheet (3), and hook circle (4) and butterfly lid (5), hook circle are provided with the floating tubesheet (3) (4) it is connected with butterfly lid (5) by flange (8), includes the deflection plate (6) of multiple arch, deflection plate (6) misaligned interval It is arranged on multiple heat-transfer pipes (1), the central angle of deflection plate (6) is 125 °, the spacing between the adjacent baffle (6) For 0.12~0.6m.
  3. A kind of 3. application process of heat exchanger tube according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:In the floating tubesheet (3) overflow baffle (14) is additionally provided with, the overflow baffle (14) is stairstepping.
  4. A kind of 4. application process of heat exchanger tube according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:In butterfly lid (5) with floating Sealing gasket (9) is also equipped between dynamic tube sheet (3).
CN201710863625.4A 2017-09-22 2017-09-22 A kind of application process of heat exchanger tube Withdrawn CN107664442A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710863625.4A CN107664442A (en) 2017-09-22 2017-09-22 A kind of application process of heat exchanger tube

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710863625.4A CN107664442A (en) 2017-09-22 2017-09-22 A kind of application process of heat exchanger tube

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107664442A true CN107664442A (en) 2018-02-06

Family

ID=61098042

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710863625.4A Withdrawn CN107664442A (en) 2017-09-22 2017-09-22 A kind of application process of heat exchanger tube

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107664442A (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110619141A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-12-27 中国特种设备检测研究院 Calculation method for tube plate and tube bundle of floating head heat exchanger

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110619141A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-12-27 中国特种设备检测研究院 Calculation method for tube plate and tube bundle of floating head heat exchanger
CN110619141B (en) * 2019-07-24 2021-09-07 中国特种设备检测研究院 Calculation method for tube plate and tube bundle of floating head heat exchanger

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WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20180206

WW01 Invention patent application withdrawn after publication