CN107650863A - Vehicle sharing method and system - Google Patents

Vehicle sharing method and system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107650863A
CN107650863A CN201710846252.XA CN201710846252A CN107650863A CN 107650863 A CN107650863 A CN 107650863A CN 201710846252 A CN201710846252 A CN 201710846252A CN 107650863 A CN107650863 A CN 107650863A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
vehicle
instruction
wagon control
cloud server
sent
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710846252.XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
游逍
张文晖
李文杰
梁龑
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE ASIA PACIFIC (BEIJING) Co Ltd
Vitesco Technologies Holding China Co Ltd
Original Assignee
CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE ASIA PACIFIC (BEIJING) Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE ASIA PACIFIC (BEIJING) Co Ltd filed Critical CONTINENTAL AUTOMOTIVE ASIA PACIFIC (BEIJING) Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710846252.XA priority Critical patent/CN107650863A/en
Publication of CN107650863A publication Critical patent/CN107650863A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/20Means to switch the anti-theft system on or off
    • B60R25/23Means to switch the anti-theft system on or off using manual input of alphanumerical codes
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R25/00Fittings or systems for preventing or indicating unauthorised use or theft of vehicles
    • B60R25/20Means to switch the anti-theft system on or off
    • B60R25/24Means to switch the anti-theft system on or off using electronic identifiers containing a code not memorised by the user
    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07CTIME OR ATTENDANCE REGISTERS; REGISTERING OR INDICATING THE WORKING OF MACHINES; GENERATING RANDOM NUMBERS; VOTING OR LOTTERY APPARATUS; ARRANGEMENTS, SYSTEMS OR APPARATUS FOR CHECKING NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE
    • G07C9/00Individual registration on entry or exit
    • G07C9/00174Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys
    • G07C9/00571Electronically operated locks; Circuits therefor; Nonmechanical keys therefor, e.g. passive or active electrical keys or other data carriers without mechanical keys operated by interacting with a central unit
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L63/00Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security
    • H04L63/08Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security for supporting authentication of entities communicating through a packet data network
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L63/00Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security
    • H04L63/08Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security for supporting authentication of entities communicating through a packet data network
    • H04L63/0823Network architectures or network communication protocols for network security for supporting authentication of entities communicating through a packet data network using certificates
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L67/00Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications
    • H04L67/02Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving the use of web-based technology, e.g. hyper text transfer protocol [HTTP]
    • H04L67/025Network-specific arrangements or communication protocols supporting networked applications involving the use of web-based technology, e.g. hyper text transfer protocol [HTTP] for remote control or remote monitoring of the application
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R2325/00Indexing scheme relating to vehicle anti-theft devices
    • B60R2325/10Communication protocols, communication systems of vehicle anti-theft devices
    • B60R2325/106Internet
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R2325/00Indexing scheme relating to vehicle anti-theft devices
    • B60R2325/10Communication protocols, communication systems of vehicle anti-theft devices
    • B60R2325/108Encryption
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R2325/00Indexing scheme relating to vehicle anti-theft devices
    • B60R2325/20Communication devices for vehicle anti-theft devices
    • B60R2325/205Mobile phones

Abstract

The present invention relates to vehicle sharing method and system, and disclose a kind of vehicle sharing method and include:Authority request, including in response to the authorization requests using vehicle that vehicle driver terminal is sent, cloud server forwards the authorization requests to car owner's terminal and receives the authorization message of car owner's terminal transmission;And asked with car, including the first wagon control instruction sent in response to vehicle driver terminal, cloud server carries out matching checking to the identity of vehicle driver with reference to the authorization message with the instruction of the first wagon control, and after being verified, it will be sent with the second wagon control instruction corresponding to first wagon control instruction to corresponding vehicle so that the vehicle performs second wagon control and instructed.Vehicle can be controlled without carrying keys using methods described and system, while avoid the risk that transmission signal is closely intercepted and captured, improved with car security and Consumer's Experience.

Description

Vehicle sharing method and system
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of automobile control, more particularly to vehicle sharing method and system.
Background technology
The concept of Car sharing originates from the U.S. earliest, develops so far nearly 18 years from reaching the standard grade for ZiPCAR in 1999, however, It is not popularized but commercially on a large scale.In recent years, especially in China, as shared economic is rooted in the hearts of the people, Shared automobile becomes next flashpoint, solves asking for urban traffic blocking, restricted driving and parking stall saturation to a certain extent Topic, on the other hand, also solve and possess the trip pain spot that driving license but cannot afford car crowd.
Keyless entry and activation system (Passive Entry and Passive Start, PEPS) are existing one Kind vehicle enters activation system, and the system allows to start vehicle and other operations, without using traditional mechanical key Spoon requires that user makes any other obvious unlocking motion.
A kind of mode for realizing vehicle key-free and entering and starting, i.e. remote vehicle control (Remote Vehicle Control, RVC), its by mobile communication network to vehicle carry out remote control, realize smart machine, background server and The data interaction of in-vehicle communication system, car owner such as can also remotely be locked, unlocked at the operation by smart mobile phone to vehicle.Base In starting without key under the support of vehicle technology, Car sharing is carried out, is following development trend, which solves car owner and share car " last one kilometer " problem.
At present, the unblock of vehicle has following several ways:1) REID (Radio Frequency Identification, RFID), this is a kind of contactless automatic identification technology, and it passes through radiofrequency signal automatic identification mesh Mark object simultaneously obtains related data, without manual intervention, and may operate in any adverse circumstances, by vehicle-mounted on automobile Control module constantly sends low frequency signal, when carrying the vehicle driver of identity module near automobile, identity Module senses the low frequency signal that vehicle-mounted control module is sent, and returns to the signal with identification cipher information, vehicle-mounted control module Sense the signal and by performing unlocking action after identification;2) bluetooth recognition technology, its use frequency hopping and solely Special authentication and encryption technology, compared to REID, improves the difficulty being cracked in signals transmission, works as use The key for being provided with Bluetooth chip of person's carrying or the smart mobile phone with Bluetooth function enter in the communication context of bluetooth, vehicle Identity validation and swap date are carried out immediately between key or smart mobile phone, when signal intensity reaches the intensity of user's setting When automatic unlocking immediately, on the other hand, user can also install corresponding key application software on smart mobile phone, by The unblock vehicle such as " unlocking " virtual push button is clicked on smart mobile phone screen.
However, in above-mentioned several processing modes:1) unlocked by way of radio frequency identification, due to generally use fixed password Encryption, thus be easy to be trapped by modes such as relay attacks, lack necessary safety guarantee, on the other hand, it is to car owner Whether to enter automobile not judge, due to the characteristic of its automatic identification, when vehicle driver is not intended into the car and car , will be to causing safety with car if vehicle driver does not notice that car has been unlocked after carrying control module execution unlocking operation Hidden danger;2) although vehicle unblock is carried out using bluetooth recognition technology and improves peace to a certain extent compared to REID Quan Xing, but it is not still avoided that and carries out near-field communication with vehicle so as to unlock the mode of vehicle, thus there are still transmission The potential safety hazard that signal is intercepted and captured by the other equipment in its range of signal.
The content of the invention
The present invention solves the problems, such as it is to propose a kind of vehicle sharing method and system, controlled by using cloud server and Vehicle is unlocked, user is eliminated and carries extra key to unlock the worry of vehicle, simultaneously as smart machine does not have with vehicle Directly link up, avoid the danger that signals of vehicles is closely intercepted and captured, improve with car security.
In order to solve the above problems, the present invention, which provides a kind of vehicle sharing method, to be included:
Authority request, including in response to the authorization requests using vehicle that vehicle driver terminal is sent, cloud server The authorization requests are forwarded to car owner's terminal and receive the authorization message of car owner's terminal transmission;And
Asked with car, including the first wagon control sent in response to vehicle driver terminal instructs, cloud server knot Close the authorization message and matching checking is carried out with the instruction of the first wagon control to the identity of vehicle driver, and be verified Afterwards, the second wagon control instruction corresponding to being instructed with first wagon control is sent to corresponding vehicle so that the vehicle is held Row the second wagon control instruction.
The present invention, which also provides a kind of vehicle shared system, to be included:
Cloud server, including the first wagon control sent in response to vehicle driver terminal instruct, the high in the clouds clothes Business device combination authorization message carries out matching checking to the identity of vehicle driver with the instruction of the first wagon control, and is being verified Afterwards, the second wagon control instruction corresponding to being instructed with first wagon control is sent to corresponding vehicle so that the vehicle is held Row the second wagon control instruction;And
Vehicle, the vehicle is established with the cloud server and communicated, including vehicle-carrying communication unit and vehicular control unit, The vehicle-carrying communication unit is used for the wagon control instruction for receiving cloud server transmission, and the vehicular control unit is in response to institute The instruction for stating vehicle-carrying communication unit is instructed with performing the wagon control.
Compared with prior art, such scheme has advantages below:
After smart machine and cloud server, which are established, to be communicated to connect, the mandate completed by cloud server with car owner is recognized Card, during mandate, cloud server is asked according to vehicle driver with car, controls the unblock of vehicle with locking, so as to Can be controlled without carrying keys to vehicle, while avoid the direct communication between smart machine and vehicle.Due to Cloud server can set special security protocol, thus the communication of its security closer distance is high, also in the absence of transmission signal The risk closely intercepted and captured.
Brief description of the drawings
The other details and advantage of the present invention will be become apparent by detailed description provided below.Hereafter will ginseng It is described in detail according to accompanying drawing, wherein:
Fig. 1 is that one kind of vehicle sharing method of the present invention realizes schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is that a kind of of vehicle sharing method of the present invention asks embodiment flow chart with car.
Embodiment
In the following description, many details are elaborated to make person of ordinary skill in the field more fully Understand the present invention.But for the technical staff in art it is evident that the realization of the present invention can not have these Some in detail.However, it should be understood that the present invention is not limited to introduced specific embodiment.On the contrary, can be with Consider to implement the present invention with any combination of following feature and key element, regardless of whether they are related to different embodiments. Therefore, aspect, feature, embodiment and advantage below is used and is not construed as the key element or limit of claim for illustrative purposes only It is fixed, unless clearly proposing in the claims.
A kind of embodiment of vehicle according to the invention sharing method, it includes:
Authority request, including in response to the authorization requests using vehicle that vehicle driver terminal is sent, cloud server The authorization requests are forwarded to car owner's terminal and receive the authorization message of car owner's terminal transmission;And
Asked with car, including the first wagon control sent in response to vehicle driver terminal instructs, cloud server knot Close the authorization message and matching checking is carried out with the instruction of the first wagon control to the identity of vehicle driver, and be verified Afterwards, the second wagon control instruction corresponding to being instructed with first wagon control is sent to corresponding vehicle so that the vehicle is held Row the second wagon control instruction.
A kind of vehicle sharing method of the present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.Shown in reference picture 1, with car Exemplified by sharing method, one is divided into two parts, respectively authority request process, including step S1 asks to S4, and with car Process, including step S5 to S6.
For car owner, specific software application (APP) can be installed by using smart machine and serviced beyond the clouds in advance Device register account number simultaneously inputs a series of phases such as vehicle identification code and the information of vehicles that name, cell-phone number, identification card number, needs bind After closing information, cloud server can receive the information of APP ends transmission, and be generated by third party's digital certificate authentication mechanism Car owner's digital certificate, in addition to retaining car owner's digital certificate in server beyond the clouds, also the digital certificate is respectively sent to Matching checking when car owner and vehicle are shared for subsequent vehicle, after completing above-mentioned steps, car owner is just qualified whole by car owner Vehicle is shared to other vehicle drivers by end by cloud server., can be by using intelligence for vehicle driver Equipment installs specific software application (APP) or accesses particular web site by page end, completes registration and relevant information is defeated Enter, account and encrypted message are obtained after certification, then, vehicle driver terminal is obtained by third party's digital certificate authentication mechanism Vehicle driver digital certificate, and corresponding unique digital signature are obtained, cloud server is preserved by data interaction should Vehicle driver digital certificate, when vehicle driver needs transmission to be asked with car, digital signature is instructed together with wagon control Send to cloud server, the latter and the digital signature and wagon control instruction are carried out together by vehicle driver digital certificate Checking, to ensure the identity of wagon control instruction sender and perform corresponding instruction, after completing above-mentioned steps, so that it may so that With vehicle shared service.
When using vehicle shared service every time, vehicle driver will complete authorization requests first, and phase is obtained at car owner That answers uses car authority and time limit, please with car to cloud server transmission then given when using useful car demand in the car time limit Ask, cloud server is according to the legitimacy set in advance for judging to be asked with car with car authority and time limit, after being verified Corresponding instruct so that the corresponding operation of vehicle execution, detailed process are as follows is sent to vehicle:
Step S1:Vehicle driver terminal sends authorization requests to cloud server.
Specifically, designated vehicle is used car by vehicle driver by the APP ends of vehicle driver terminal or page end Request is sent to cloud server.
Step S2:Cloud server forwards the authorization requests that vehicle driver terminal is sent to car owner's terminal.
Cloud server, including telematics service provider (TSP) backstage, the latter use for vehicle in this process Person and car owner provide a communication terminal, open the effect for uploading and assigning.In step s 2, cloud server is only receiving After the authorization requests that vehicle driver terminal is sent, matching car owner's terminal is forwarded to.
Step S3:Cloud server receives the car owner's digital certificate sent together with authorization message, and according to car owner's numeral Certificate is verified to authorization message.
Car owner's digital certificate and one of owner name, car owner's identification card number, car owner's phone or its combine corresponding, preserve It is used to match checking in server, car owner's terminal and corresponding vehicle beyond the clouds.Car owner's digital certificate has in the term of validity, is having In the effect phase, it can be used for verification operation during follow-up repeatedly vehicle sharing request, when the car owner of setting expires in the digital certificate time limit Afterwards, this time car owner's digital certificate of generation ceases to be in force automatically, if necessary to share vehicle again, it is necessary to apply for car owner's numeral again Certificate.
In order to strengthen the security of said process, when cloud server is verified to the authorization message can also include pair The accounts information and facility information of car owner's terminal are verified.Above-mentioned checking can be used for verifying account credit history of car owner etc. Information to ensure the sane development safely of vehicle communion system, if for example, car owner when sending authorization message, its account is present Illegal history or bad history, unless car owner makes up above-mentioned record of bad behavior or with certain before confirmation authorization message is sent Mode makes promise, and otherwise cloud server can select to reject the authorization message of car owner.
Wherein, authorization message include vehicle driver identity and wagon control time limit corresponding with vehicle driver identity and The control authority of wagon control instruction, the content for being decided whether to authorize when authorization requests are received by car owner and being authorized.Car Main authorizes the authority of time and mandate to be determined according to the application scenarios of reality, using hour or day, the moon as scope, certain Occasion, it can also be authorized according to the requirement of vehicle driver.
Step S4:Cloud server sends the authorization message of car owner to vehicle driver terminal.
Above-mentioned authorization requests (S1 to S4) only need to complete once, and interior during mandate afterwards, vehicle driver can appoint Meaning is repeatedly asked to cloud server transmission with car.
Step S5:When useful car demand, vehicle driver terminal sends the first wagon control and instructed to cloud server.
Wagon control instruction for car door unlock instruction, car door lock instruction, vehicle launch instruct, boot open command and Boot lock instruction one of, the wagon control range of instructions that vehicle driver can use, i.e. control authority, according to car The main scope set when authorizing and it is different.
Step S6:Cloud server instructs in response to the first wagon control that vehicle driver terminal is sent, with reference to mandate Information carries out matching checking to the identity of vehicle driver with the instruction of the first wagon control, and after being verified, will be with first Second wagon control instruction corresponding to wagon control instruction is sent to corresponding vehicle so that vehicle performs the instruction of the second wagon control.
Cloud server combination authorization message carries out matching with the instruction of the first wagon control to the identity of vehicle driver and tested Card, including:The identity of vehicle driver is confirmed by identification authentication;And whether checking the first wagon control instruction has included In authorization message confirmed, corresponding with vehicle driver identity.Identification authentication passes through following either types or combination:It is right The identifying code that the digital signature that user's terminal is sent verified, is sent to user's terminal is verified.
Digital signature matches with vehicle driver digital certificate, is generated by third party's digital certification authority, digital signature One of vehicle driver name, vehicle driver identification card number, vehicle driver phone or its combination can be included, also may be used So that including other information, encryption in a certain way forms, for confirming the uniqueness of vehicle driver identity.Vehicle driver number Word certificate is stored in cloud server and vehicle driver terminal, and digital signature is unique, and cloud server receives band When the wagon control for having digital signature instructs, verified with the vehicle driver digital certificate for being stored in cloud server.On To state in mode, vehicle driver terminal can send digital signature to cloud server together with the instruction of the first wagon control, Or the identification authentication request sent according to cloud server for the instruction of the first wagon control, send number to cloud server Word is signed.
The comparison of identifying code refers to, if vehicle driver uses mobile phone, it is possible to by send short-message verification to Mobile phone, because short message verification code has ageing and uniqueness, the identity of vehicle driver can be effectively verified, prevents vehicle It is secondary shared.It is of course also possible to be the identifying code of other modes, the invention is not limited in this regard.
Specifically, step S6 is also sent to corresponding vehicle including the instruction of the second wagon control together with car owner's digital certificate Vehicle-carrying communication unit in, be easy to subsequent vehicle receive by high in the clouds send wagon control instruct when carry out legitimate verification.
For considering for security, any one of above-mentioned the vehicle driver terminal referred to, car owner's terminal and vehicle are borrowed The wireless communication such as 3G, 4G pattern is helped to be communicated using HTTPS modes and cloud server.
In said process, either car owner's terminal or vehicle driver terminal, an operational order, page end are often completed Or can all there be corresponding operation indicating at APP ends, especially, when car owner's terminal is before and after authorization message is submitted and vehicle driver Before and after car owner's authorization message is obtained, the user interface (UI) at page end or APP ends has different style shows, particular user The exhibition method at interface, the present invention do not limit.
As can be seen here, after smart machine and cloud server, which are established, to be communicated to connect, by cloud server completion and car owner Authorization identifying, during mandate, cloud server is asked according to vehicle driver with car, control the unblock of vehicle with it is upper Lock, so as to be controlled without carrying keys to vehicle, while is avoided direct between smart machine and vehicle Link up.Because cloud server can set special security protocol, thus the communication of its security closer distance is high, is also not present The risk that transmission signal is closely intercepted and captured.
Shown in reference picture 2, by send vehicle unblock asked with car exemplified by, set by following manner:
(1) when vehicle driver needs solution to lock door, by APP or page end together with digital signature to high in the clouds Server sends the first unlock instruction.
(2) when cloud server receives the first unlock instruction, by vehicle driver digital certificate and the first unlock instruction And digital signature carries out matching checking, i.e., matching checking is carried out using vehicle driver digital certificate and digital signature, to ensure The authenticity and validity of vehicle driver identity, and, the instruction is in the biography from vehicle driver terminal to cloud server It is no during defeated to be intercepted and distort.Furthermore cloud server enters the authorization message that the first unlock instruction authorizes with car owner Row matching checking, to ensure that the control authority of the vehicle driver allows it to send the first unlock instruction.
(3) after all matchings are verified, cloud server transmission is corresponding with the first unlock instruction and with certain The vehicle that the needs that communication protocol is bound when the second unlock instruction that vehicle identifies is registered to car owner are shared, specifically For, be vehicle vehicle-carrying communication unit in.
(4) the vehicle-carrying communication unit of vehicle, i.e. T-Box, after receiving the second unlock instruction that cloud server is sent, First judge the legitimacy of the instruction, can be that short message verification code is sent to verify that the second unblock refers to car owner by mobile supplier The legitimacy of order.Car owner's number during alternatively, it is also possible to by verifying that saved car owner's digital certificate is sent with this instruction Whether word certificate is matched to judge the legitimacy of the instruction.It is of course also possible to be other judgment modes, do not limit herein.
(5) T-Box wakes up the CAN network of vehicle and passes through CAN after judging to receive the second legal unlock instruction Network sends the second unlock instruction to BCM.BCM is carried out at authentication after above-mentioned instruction is received to the validity of the instruction Reason.Be previously stored with the key being mutually matched in T-Box and BCM, authentication process mainly after BCM receives control instruction, The key of itself is compared with the key in T-Box, so as to judge the authenticity of key, made with the interference such as avoiding hindering for some reason Into the interference to the second unlock instruction.
(6) after T-Box, which obtains BCM, authenticates successful result, sending the second unlock instruction to BCM makes it solve car locking Door, and, the timing unit in T-Box starts timing.In addition, T-Box can also receive the of cloud server transmission Start timing during two unlock instructions.Start timing for when, the present invention does not limit.
(7) T-Box sends the implementing result that the BCM of the acquisition relevant car doors sent have unlocked to cloud server, and The implementing result from vehicle is forwarded to notify that the vehicle driver vehicle can be with normal use by cloud server.
(8) when the T-Box durations judged in timing unit exceed the default time and do not receive opening for vehicle driver During door action, forbid the second unlock instruction and vehicle is locked again, the setting that above-mentioned time-out latches can be to a certain extent The stolen risk of the potential safety hazard and vehicle of reduction car.
Foregoing description is deployed only around unlock instruction, and other wagon controls instruction such as car door is locked instruction, vehicle Enabled instruction, boot open command and boot lock instruction etc. be referred to vehicle unlock instruction with above-mentioned control mode Mode performs, and therefore not to repeat here.
As can be seen here, the above-mentioned mode asked with car is greatly improved with car efficiency and Consumer's Experience, when user needs For a long time when use vehicle, because cloud server has been stored with car owner for the shared authorization message of this vehicle, thus It is interior during mandate after the completion of the first sub-authorization, the authorization identifying all without the progress car owner when needing to unlock vehicle every time, So as to avoid repetitive endowment.
A kind of embodiment (not shown in accompanying drawing) of vehicle according to the invention shared system, it includes:
Cloud server, including the first wagon control sent in response to vehicle driver terminal instruct, cloud server Matching checking is carried out with the instruction of the first wagon control to the identity of vehicle driver with reference to authorization message, and after being verified, The instruction of the second wagon control is sent to corresponding vehicle so that vehicle performs the second vehicle corresponding to being instructed with the first wagon control Control instruction;And
Vehicle, vehicle is established with cloud server and communicated, including vehicle-carrying communication unit and vehicular control unit, vehicle-carrying communication Unit is used for the wagon control instruction for receiving cloud server transmission, instruction of the vehicular control unit in response to vehicle-carrying communication unit To perform wagon control instruction.
Specifically, wagon control instruction for car door unlock instruction, car door lock instruction, vehicle launch is instructed, boot is opened Open instruction and boot lock instruction one of.The extent of competence of wagon control instruction is determined by car owner when authorizing.
Specifically, vehicle-carrying communication unit also includes timing unit, is instructed in response to the wagon control that cloud server is sent, Timing unit works and is not receiving beyond preset duration and the corresponding with wagon control instruction of vehicle driver and perform behaviour When making, forbid responding wagon control instruction.
The other guide of vehicle shared system, including cloud server instruct to wagon control and carry out the references such as verification mode Previous embodiment, here is omitted.
It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that all or part of step in the various methods of above-described embodiment is to lead to Programmed instruction is crossed by the hardware of correlation to complete, the program can be stored in a computer-readable recording medium, storage medium It can include:ROM, RAM, disk or CD etc..
Although the present invention is disclosed as above with preferred embodiment, the present invention is not limited to this.Any art technology Personnel, the various changes made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention and modification, the protection model of the present invention all should be included In enclosing, therefore protection scope of the present invention should be defined by claim limited range.

Claims (21)

  1. A kind of 1. vehicle sharing method, it is characterised in that including:
    Authority request, including in response to the authorization requests using vehicle that vehicle driver terminal is sent, cloud server is to car Master terminal forwards the authorization requests and receives the authorization message of car owner's terminal transmission;And
    Asked with car, including the first wagon control sent in response to vehicle driver terminal instructs, cloud server combination institute State authorization message and matching checking is carried out with the instruction of the first wagon control to the identity of vehicle driver, and after being verified, will The instruction of the second wagon control is sent to corresponding vehicle so that the vehicle performs institute corresponding to being instructed with first wagon control State the instruction of the second wagon control.
  2. 2. vehicle sharing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the authority request also includes:Receive and award Car owner's digital certificate that power information is sent together, and the authorization message is verified according to car owner's digital certificate;Institute State car owner's digital certificate and one of owner name, car owner's identification card number, car owner's phone or it combines corresponding, preserve beyond the clouds In server, car owner's terminal and corresponding vehicle.
  3. 3. vehicle sharing method according to claim 2, it is characterised in that to the authorization message carry out checking include pair The accounts information and facility information of car owner's terminal are verified.
  4. 4. vehicle sharing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the authorization message includes vehicle driver body Part and wagon control time limit corresponding with vehicle driver identity and the control authority of wagon control instruction.
  5. 5. vehicle sharing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that cloud server is with reference to the authorization message pair The identity of vehicle driver carries out matching checking with the instruction of the first wagon control, including:Confirm that vehicle uses by identification authentication The identity of person;And whether the instruction of the first wagon control of checking is included in confirmed, corresponding with vehicle driver identity In authorization message.
  6. 6. vehicle sharing method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that identification authentication passes through following either types or group Close:To user's terminal send digital signature verified, to user's terminal send identifying code test Card.
  7. 7. vehicle sharing method according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the digital signature includes vehicle driver surname One of name, vehicle driver identification card number, vehicle driver phone or its combination.
  8. 8. vehicle sharing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the vehicle driver terminal is by digital signature Sent with together with first wagon control instruction to the cloud server, or, it is directed to the first car according to cloud server The identification authentication request that control instruction is sent, digital signature is sent to cloud server.
  9. 9. vehicle sharing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the car request also includes:By described The instruction of two wagon controls is sent into the vehicle-carrying communication unit of corresponding vehicle together with car owner's digital certificate.
  10. 10. vehicle sharing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that also include:In response to the cloud server Send second wagon control instruction, the vehicle start timing and beyond preset duration and do not receive vehicle use During the execution operation of person, forbid responding the second wagon control instruction.
  11. 11. vehicle sharing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the wagon control instruction unlocks for car door Lock instruction, vehicle launch instruction, boot open command and boot of instruction, car door is locked and one of instructed.
  12. 12. vehicle sharing method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the vehicle driver terminal, the car owner Any one of terminal and the vehicle are communicated using HTTPS modes with the cloud server.
  13. 13. a kind of vehicle shared system, it is characterised in that also include:
    Cloud server, including the first wagon control sent in response to vehicle driver terminal instruct, the cloud server Matching checking is carried out with the instruction of the first wagon control to the identity of vehicle driver with reference to authorization message, and after being verified, The instruction of the second wagon control is sent to corresponding vehicle so that the vehicle performs corresponding to being instructed with first wagon control The second wagon control instruction;And
    Vehicle, the vehicle is established with the cloud server and communicated, including vehicle-carrying communication unit and vehicular control unit, described Vehicle-carrying communication unit is used for the wagon control instruction for receiving cloud server transmission, and the vehicular control unit is in response to the car The instruction for carrying communication unit is instructed with performing the wagon control.
  14. 14. vehicle shared system according to claim 13, it is characterised in that the vehicle-carrying communication unit passes through HTTPS Mode is established with the cloud server and communicated.
  15. 15. vehicle shared system according to claim 13, it is characterised in that the authorization message includes vehicle driver Identity and wagon control time limit corresponding with vehicle driver identity and the control authority of wagon control instruction.
  16. 16. vehicle shared system according to claim 13, it is characterised in that cloud server is with reference to the authorization message Matching checking is carried out to the identity and the instruction of the first wagon control of vehicle driver, including:Confirm that vehicle makes by identification authentication The identity of user;And whether the instruction of the first wagon control of checking is included in confirmed, corresponding with vehicle driver identity Authorization message in.
  17. 17. vehicle shared system according to claim 16, it is characterised in that identification authentication by following either types or Combination:The digital signature sent to user's terminal is verified, the identifying code that user's terminal is sent is carried out Checking.
  18. 18. vehicle shared system according to claim 17, it is characterised in that the digital signature includes vehicle driver One of name, vehicle driver identification card number, vehicle driver phone or its combination.
  19. 19. vehicle shared system according to claim 13, it is characterised in that the vehicle driver terminal signs numeral Name is sent to the cloud server together with first wagon control instruction, or, it is directed to first according to cloud server The identification authentication request that wagon control instruction is sent, digital signature is sent to cloud server.
  20. 20. vehicle shared system according to claim 13, it is characterised in that the wagon control instruction unlocks for car door Lock instruction, vehicle launch instruction, boot open command and boot of instruction, car door is locked and one of instructed.
  21. 21. vehicle shared system according to claim 13, it is characterised in that the vehicle-carrying communication unit also includes timing Unit, instructed in response to the wagon control that the cloud server is sent, the timing unit works and beyond default Duration and do not receive vehicle driver it is corresponding with the wagon control instruction execution operation when, forbid responding the vehicle Control instruction.
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CN110316149A (en) * 2019-05-31 2019-10-11 大众问问(北京)信息科技有限公司 A kind of method, apparatus, equipment and system authorizing unlocking vehicle
CN110310404A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-10-08 四川康佳智能终端科技有限公司 A kind of automobile control method based on intelligent terminal, system and storage medium
CN110660166A (en) * 2019-09-26 2020-01-07 广州小鹏汽车科技有限公司 Charging pile sharing method and device, storage medium and computer equipment
CN111572493A (en) * 2020-05-08 2020-08-25 郑州信大捷安信息技术股份有限公司 Vehicle keyless entry and starting system and method based on Internet of vehicles
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