In the following description, many details are elaborated to make person of ordinary skill in the field more fully
Understand the present invention.But for the technical staff in art it is evident that the realization of the present invention can not have these
Some in detail.However, it should be understood that the present invention is not limited to introduced specific embodiment.On the contrary, can be with
Consider to implement the present invention with any combination of following feature and key element, regardless of whether they are related to different embodiments.
Therefore, aspect, feature, embodiment and advantage below is used and is not construed as the key element or limit of claim for illustrative purposes only
It is fixed, unless clearly proposing in the claims.
A kind of embodiment of vehicle according to the invention sharing method, it includes：
Authority request, including in response to the authorization requests using vehicle that vehicle driver terminal is sent, cloud server
The authorization requests are forwarded to car owner's terminal and receive the authorization message of car owner's terminal transmission；And
Asked with car, including the first wagon control sent in response to vehicle driver terminal instructs, cloud server knot
Close the authorization message and matching checking is carried out with the instruction of the first wagon control to the identity of vehicle driver, and be verified
Afterwards, the second wagon control instruction corresponding to being instructed with first wagon control is sent to corresponding vehicle so that the vehicle is held
Row the second wagon control instruction.
A kind of vehicle sharing method of the present invention is further illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing.Shown in reference picture 1, with car
Exemplified by sharing method, one is divided into two parts, respectively authority request process, including step S1 asks to S4, and with car
Process, including step S5 to S6.
For car owner, specific software application (APP) can be installed by using smart machine and serviced beyond the clouds in advance
Device register account number simultaneously inputs a series of phases such as vehicle identification code and the information of vehicles that name, cell-phone number, identification card number, needs bind
After closing information, cloud server can receive the information of APP ends transmission, and be generated by third party's digital certificate authentication mechanism
Car owner's digital certificate, in addition to retaining car owner's digital certificate in server beyond the clouds, also the digital certificate is respectively sent to
Matching checking when car owner and vehicle are shared for subsequent vehicle, after completing above-mentioned steps, car owner is just qualified whole by car owner
Vehicle is shared to other vehicle drivers by end by cloud server., can be by using intelligence for vehicle driver
Equipment installs specific software application (APP) or accesses particular web site by page end, completes registration and relevant information is defeated
Enter, account and encrypted message are obtained after certification, then, vehicle driver terminal is obtained by third party's digital certificate authentication mechanism
Vehicle driver digital certificate, and corresponding unique digital signature are obtained, cloud server is preserved by data interaction should
Vehicle driver digital certificate, when vehicle driver needs transmission to be asked with car, digital signature is instructed together with wagon control
Send to cloud server, the latter and the digital signature and wagon control instruction are carried out together by vehicle driver digital certificate
Checking, to ensure the identity of wagon control instruction sender and perform corresponding instruction, after completing above-mentioned steps, so that it may so that
With vehicle shared service.
When using vehicle shared service every time, vehicle driver will complete authorization requests first, and phase is obtained at car owner
That answers uses car authority and time limit, please with car to cloud server transmission then given when using useful car demand in the car time limit
Ask, cloud server is according to the legitimacy set in advance for judging to be asked with car with car authority and time limit, after being verified
Corresponding instruct so that the corresponding operation of vehicle execution, detailed process are as follows is sent to vehicle：
Step S1：Vehicle driver terminal sends authorization requests to cloud server.
Specifically, designated vehicle is used car by vehicle driver by the APP ends of vehicle driver terminal or page end
Request is sent to cloud server.
Step S2：Cloud server forwards the authorization requests that vehicle driver terminal is sent to car owner's terminal.
Cloud server, including telematics service provider (TSP) backstage, the latter use for vehicle in this process
Person and car owner provide a communication terminal, open the effect for uploading and assigning.In step s 2, cloud server is only receiving
After the authorization requests that vehicle driver terminal is sent, matching car owner's terminal is forwarded to.
Step S3：Cloud server receives the car owner's digital certificate sent together with authorization message, and according to car owner's numeral
Certificate is verified to authorization message.
Car owner's digital certificate and one of owner name, car owner's identification card number, car owner's phone or its combine corresponding, preserve
It is used to match checking in server, car owner's terminal and corresponding vehicle beyond the clouds.Car owner's digital certificate has in the term of validity, is having
In the effect phase, it can be used for verification operation during follow-up repeatedly vehicle sharing request, when the car owner of setting expires in the digital certificate time limit
Afterwards, this time car owner's digital certificate of generation ceases to be in force automatically, if necessary to share vehicle again, it is necessary to apply for car owner's numeral again
In order to strengthen the security of said process, when cloud server is verified to the authorization message can also include pair
The accounts information and facility information of car owner's terminal are verified.Above-mentioned checking can be used for verifying account credit history of car owner etc.
Information to ensure the sane development safely of vehicle communion system, if for example, car owner when sending authorization message, its account is present
Illegal history or bad history, unless car owner makes up above-mentioned record of bad behavior or with certain before confirmation authorization message is sent
Mode makes promise, and otherwise cloud server can select to reject the authorization message of car owner.
Wherein, authorization message include vehicle driver identity and wagon control time limit corresponding with vehicle driver identity and
The control authority of wagon control instruction, the content for being decided whether to authorize when authorization requests are received by car owner and being authorized.Car
Main authorizes the authority of time and mandate to be determined according to the application scenarios of reality, using hour or day, the moon as scope, certain
Occasion, it can also be authorized according to the requirement of vehicle driver.
Step S4：Cloud server sends the authorization message of car owner to vehicle driver terminal.
Above-mentioned authorization requests (S1 to S4) only need to complete once, and interior during mandate afterwards, vehicle driver can appoint
Meaning is repeatedly asked to cloud server transmission with car.
Step S5：When useful car demand, vehicle driver terminal sends the first wagon control and instructed to cloud server.
Wagon control instruction for car door unlock instruction, car door lock instruction, vehicle launch instruct, boot open command and
Boot lock instruction one of, the wagon control range of instructions that vehicle driver can use, i.e. control authority, according to car
The main scope set when authorizing and it is different.
Step S6：Cloud server instructs in response to the first wagon control that vehicle driver terminal is sent, with reference to mandate
Information carries out matching checking to the identity of vehicle driver with the instruction of the first wagon control, and after being verified, will be with first
Second wagon control instruction corresponding to wagon control instruction is sent to corresponding vehicle so that vehicle performs the instruction of the second wagon control.
Cloud server combination authorization message carries out matching with the instruction of the first wagon control to the identity of vehicle driver and tested
Card, including：The identity of vehicle driver is confirmed by identification authentication；And whether checking the first wagon control instruction has included
In authorization message confirmed, corresponding with vehicle driver identity.Identification authentication passes through following either types or combination：It is right
The identifying code that the digital signature that user's terminal is sent verified, is sent to user's terminal is verified.
Digital signature matches with vehicle driver digital certificate, is generated by third party's digital certification authority, digital signature
One of vehicle driver name, vehicle driver identification card number, vehicle driver phone or its combination can be included, also may be used
So that including other information, encryption in a certain way forms, for confirming the uniqueness of vehicle driver identity.Vehicle driver number
Word certificate is stored in cloud server and vehicle driver terminal, and digital signature is unique, and cloud server receives band
When the wagon control for having digital signature instructs, verified with the vehicle driver digital certificate for being stored in cloud server.On
To state in mode, vehicle driver terminal can send digital signature to cloud server together with the instruction of the first wagon control,
Or the identification authentication request sent according to cloud server for the instruction of the first wagon control, send number to cloud server
Word is signed.
The comparison of identifying code refers to, if vehicle driver uses mobile phone, it is possible to by send short-message verification to
Mobile phone, because short message verification code has ageing and uniqueness, the identity of vehicle driver can be effectively verified, prevents vehicle
It is secondary shared.It is of course also possible to be the identifying code of other modes, the invention is not limited in this regard.
Specifically, step S6 is also sent to corresponding vehicle including the instruction of the second wagon control together with car owner's digital certificate
Vehicle-carrying communication unit in, be easy to subsequent vehicle receive by high in the clouds send wagon control instruct when carry out legitimate verification.
For considering for security, any one of above-mentioned the vehicle driver terminal referred to, car owner's terminal and vehicle are borrowed
The wireless communication such as 3G, 4G pattern is helped to be communicated using HTTPS modes and cloud server.
In said process, either car owner's terminal or vehicle driver terminal, an operational order, page end are often completed
Or can all there be corresponding operation indicating at APP ends, especially, when car owner's terminal is before and after authorization message is submitted and vehicle driver
Before and after car owner's authorization message is obtained, the user interface (UI) at page end or APP ends has different style shows, particular user
The exhibition method at interface, the present invention do not limit.
As can be seen here, after smart machine and cloud server, which are established, to be communicated to connect, by cloud server completion and car owner
Authorization identifying, during mandate, cloud server is asked according to vehicle driver with car, control the unblock of vehicle with it is upper
Lock, so as to be controlled without carrying keys to vehicle, while is avoided direct between smart machine and vehicle
Link up.Because cloud server can set special security protocol, thus the communication of its security closer distance is high, is also not present
The risk that transmission signal is closely intercepted and captured.
Shown in reference picture 2, by send vehicle unblock asked with car exemplified by, set by following manner：
(1) when vehicle driver needs solution to lock door, by APP or page end together with digital signature to high in the clouds
Server sends the first unlock instruction.
(2) when cloud server receives the first unlock instruction, by vehicle driver digital certificate and the first unlock instruction
And digital signature carries out matching checking, i.e., matching checking is carried out using vehicle driver digital certificate and digital signature, to ensure
The authenticity and validity of vehicle driver identity, and, the instruction is in the biography from vehicle driver terminal to cloud server
It is no during defeated to be intercepted and distort.Furthermore cloud server enters the authorization message that the first unlock instruction authorizes with car owner
Row matching checking, to ensure that the control authority of the vehicle driver allows it to send the first unlock instruction.
(3) after all matchings are verified, cloud server transmission is corresponding with the first unlock instruction and with certain
The vehicle that the needs that communication protocol is bound when the second unlock instruction that vehicle identifies is registered to car owner are shared, specifically
For, be vehicle vehicle-carrying communication unit in.
(4) the vehicle-carrying communication unit of vehicle, i.e. T-Box, after receiving the second unlock instruction that cloud server is sent,
First judge the legitimacy of the instruction, can be that short message verification code is sent to verify that the second unblock refers to car owner by mobile supplier
The legitimacy of order.Car owner's number during alternatively, it is also possible to by verifying that saved car owner's digital certificate is sent with this instruction
Whether word certificate is matched to judge the legitimacy of the instruction.It is of course also possible to be other judgment modes, do not limit herein.
(5) T-Box wakes up the CAN network of vehicle and passes through CAN after judging to receive the second legal unlock instruction
Network sends the second unlock instruction to BCM.BCM is carried out at authentication after above-mentioned instruction is received to the validity of the instruction
Reason.Be previously stored with the key being mutually matched in T-Box and BCM, authentication process mainly after BCM receives control instruction,
The key of itself is compared with the key in T-Box, so as to judge the authenticity of key, made with the interference such as avoiding hindering for some reason
Into the interference to the second unlock instruction.
(6) after T-Box, which obtains BCM, authenticates successful result, sending the second unlock instruction to BCM makes it solve car locking
Door, and, the timing unit in T-Box starts timing.In addition, T-Box can also receive the of cloud server transmission
Start timing during two unlock instructions.Start timing for when, the present invention does not limit.
(7) T-Box sends the implementing result that the BCM of the acquisition relevant car doors sent have unlocked to cloud server, and
The implementing result from vehicle is forwarded to notify that the vehicle driver vehicle can be with normal use by cloud server.
(8) when the T-Box durations judged in timing unit exceed the default time and do not receive opening for vehicle driver
During door action, forbid the second unlock instruction and vehicle is locked again, the setting that above-mentioned time-out latches can be to a certain extent
The stolen risk of the potential safety hazard and vehicle of reduction car.
Foregoing description is deployed only around unlock instruction, and other wagon controls instruction such as car door is locked instruction, vehicle
Enabled instruction, boot open command and boot lock instruction etc. be referred to vehicle unlock instruction with above-mentioned control mode
Mode performs, and therefore not to repeat here.
As can be seen here, the above-mentioned mode asked with car is greatly improved with car efficiency and Consumer's Experience, when user needs
For a long time when use vehicle, because cloud server has been stored with car owner for the shared authorization message of this vehicle, thus
It is interior during mandate after the completion of the first sub-authorization, the authorization identifying all without the progress car owner when needing to unlock vehicle every time,
So as to avoid repetitive endowment.
A kind of embodiment (not shown in accompanying drawing) of vehicle according to the invention shared system, it includes：
Cloud server, including the first wagon control sent in response to vehicle driver terminal instruct, cloud server
Matching checking is carried out with the instruction of the first wagon control to the identity of vehicle driver with reference to authorization message, and after being verified,
The instruction of the second wagon control is sent to corresponding vehicle so that vehicle performs the second vehicle corresponding to being instructed with the first wagon control
Vehicle, vehicle is established with cloud server and communicated, including vehicle-carrying communication unit and vehicular control unit, vehicle-carrying communication
Unit is used for the wagon control instruction for receiving cloud server transmission, instruction of the vehicular control unit in response to vehicle-carrying communication unit
To perform wagon control instruction.
Specifically, wagon control instruction for car door unlock instruction, car door lock instruction, vehicle launch is instructed, boot is opened
Open instruction and boot lock instruction one of.The extent of competence of wagon control instruction is determined by car owner when authorizing.
Specifically, vehicle-carrying communication unit also includes timing unit, is instructed in response to the wagon control that cloud server is sent,
Timing unit works and is not receiving beyond preset duration and the corresponding with wagon control instruction of vehicle driver and perform behaviour
When making, forbid responding wagon control instruction.
The other guide of vehicle shared system, including cloud server instruct to wagon control and carry out the references such as verification mode
Previous embodiment, here is omitted.
It will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that all or part of step in the various methods of above-described embodiment is to lead to
Programmed instruction is crossed by the hardware of correlation to complete, the program can be stored in a computer-readable recording medium, storage medium
It can include：ROM, RAM, disk or CD etc..
Although the present invention is disclosed as above with preferred embodiment, the present invention is not limited to this.Any art technology
Personnel, the various changes made without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention and modification, the protection model of the present invention all should be included
In enclosing, therefore protection scope of the present invention should be defined by claim limited range.