CN107641539A - A kind of biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107641539A
CN107641539A CN201711005017.6A CN201711005017A CN107641539A CN 107641539 A CN107641539 A CN 107641539A CN 201711005017 A CN201711005017 A CN 201711005017A CN 107641539 A CN107641539 A CN 107641539A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wood chip
parts
biomass granule
granule fuel
redwood
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201711005017.6A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
苏明文
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
TAISHAN CITY HELI BIOMASS TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Original Assignee
TAISHAN CITY HELI BIOMASS TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by TAISHAN CITY HELI BIOMASS TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd filed Critical TAISHAN CITY HELI BIOMASS TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
Priority to CN201711005017.6A priority Critical patent/CN107641539A/en
Publication of CN107641539A publication Critical patent/CN107641539A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Classifications

    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/10Biofuels, e.g. bio-diesel
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E50/00Technologies for the production of fuel of non-fossil origin
    • Y02E50/30Fuel from waste, e.g. synthetic alcohol or diesel

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of biomass granule fuel, and it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:40 50 parts of stalk powder, 40 50 parts of branch leaf powder, 20 30 parts of Larch wood chip, 10 20 parts of redwood wood chip, 20 30 parts of hardwood wood chip, 8 15 parts of sulphur-fixing agent, 5 10 parts of lubricant, 48 parts of raising agent.The invention further relates to the preparation method of the biomass granule fuel.Biomass granule fuel of the present invention, it has the advantages of calorific value is high, combustion utilization efficiency is high, environmental pollution is small, can promote the development of new energy, for providing life and producting energy for rural area.

Description

A kind of biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to new energy fuel technical field, more particularly to a kind of biomass granule fuel and its preparation side Method.
Background technology
As global economy continues to develop, the mankind are continuously increased to the demand of the energy, and oil, natural gas, coal etc. can not be again The total amount of the raw energy is constantly reduced, therefore the exploitation of regenerative resource is paid close attention to by the people of the world, especially for development It is significant for middle country.
Biomass energy is a kind of regenerative resource, is the energy shape that solar energy is stored in the form of chemical energy in biomass Formula, i.e., the energy using biomass as carrier, it directly or indirectly derives from the photosynthesis of green plants, can be converted into routine Solid-state, liquid and fuel gas, it is inexhaustible, nexhaustible.And to be a kind of typical biomass consolidate biomass granule fuel Body formed fuel, have the advantages that efficient, clean, igniting is easy, the fossil fuel such as carbon monoxide zero-emission, alternative coal is answered For the industrial circle such as the civil areas such as cooking, heating and boiler combustion, generating.
Biomass granule fuel is made using wastes of crops such as the stem of plant, leaf, branch, bark, stalks, is both promoted The development of new energy, decrease the pollution of natural environment.However, made of single plant granular fuel often burning-point it is low, Ash content is high, caused flue gas is big for environment pollution, and can not reach abundant burning even if taking the Screening Treatment of high cost, profit It is relatively low with rate.In addition, rural area produce granular fuel when often directly by a variety of different crops waste materials mix into Prepared by row, unreasonable due to being formulated, gained fuel is actually difficult to reach good combustion efficiency.
Therefore, lived to preferably be provided for rural area with producting energy, it is necessary to change to biological granular fuel Enter, to improve the calorific value of fuel and combustion utilization efficiency, pollution when reducing burning to environment.
The content of the invention
Based on this, it is an object of the present invention to provide a kind of biomass granule fuel, and it has, and calorific value is high, burning utilizes The advantages of rate is high, environmental pollution is small.
The technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of biomass granule fuel, it is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Stalk powder 40-50 parts, branch leaf powder Last 40-50 parts, Larch wood chip 20-30 parts, redwood wood chip 10-20 parts, hardwood wood chip 20-30 parts, sulphur-fixing agent 8-15 parts, Lubricant 5-10 parts, raising agent 4-8 parts.
The present invention is compounded by the different plant waste of reasonable selection, and it is high particularly to add oiliness fiber content Pine, redwood and hardwood waste material, each raw material is played the effect of coordinated, improve the overall heat of biomass granule fuel Value and combustion utilization efficiency are high, reduce ash content, and by adding appropriate additive, further increase the effect of fuel combustion And stability, and pollution when reducing fuel combustion to environment.
Existing calorific value be 3200-3700 kilocalories/kilogram biomass granule fuel compare, granular fuel of the invention Combustion heat value up to 4100-4700 kilocalories/kilogram, combustion utilization efficiency is high, and ash content is only 1.5-2.2%, and oxygen when burning Change carbon emission amount and be less than 1200ppm, sulfur-containing oxide discharge capacity is less than 5.5ppm, and the corrosion to combustion apparatus is small, dirty to environment Contaminate small.
Further, the hardwood wood chip is willow Eucalyptus wood chip, Eucalyptus wood chip, toothed oak wood wood chip, birch wood chip, elm wood One or more in bits, jujube wood wood chip, content of lignin is high, is advantageous to improve fuel value.
Further, the sulphur-fixing agent is one or both of calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate, can be reacted with the sulfur in fuel Calcium sulfate or magnesium sulfate are generated, prevents sulfurous gas from discharging and polluting to air.
Further, the lubricant is gutter oil, and gutter oil can reduce between biological particles and raw as lubricant Friction between material grainses and facility for granulating, beneficial to the efficiency and effect of raising granulation, while also there is combustion-supporting work to fuel With.
Further, the raising agent is the one or more in diatomite, bentonite, cocoanut active charcoal.
Further, the water content of the biomass granule fuel is 6-10%.
Further, the biomass granule fuel is diameter 6-30 millimeters, the cylinder particle of long 10-60 millimeters, or Person is the cubic granules that the length of side is 30-70 millimeters.
The present invention also provides the preparation method of above-mentioned biomass granule fuel, and the preparation method comprises the following steps:
(1) dry:Stalk, branch leaf, Larch waste material, redwood waste material and hardwood waste material are dried or dried naturally It is dry;
(2) crush:Dried stalk, branch leaf, Larch waste material, redwood waste material, hardwood waste material are entered respectively Row crushes, and obtains stalk powder, branch leaf powder, Larch wood chip, redwood wood chip, hardwood wood chip;
(3) sieve:Respectively to crushing the stalk powder of gained, branch leaf powder, Larch wood chip, redwood wood chip, hard Weedtree wood chip is sieved;
(4) dispensing:By proportioning will sieve stalk powder, branch leaf powder, Larch wood chip, redwood wood chip, firmly Weedtree wood chip mixes, and adds desulfurizing agent, lubricant and raising agent and be well mixed, and obtains compound;
(5) pelletize:The extruding of gained compound is turned into graininess, obtains the biomass granule fuel.
Further, in step (3), sieved with the screen cloth that specification is 20-60 mesh.
Further, in step (4), the condition that extrudes granulation is pressure 50-200MPa, 80-120 DEG C of temperature.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
It is as follows that the present embodiment prepares the step of biomass granule fuel:
(1) dry:Stalk, branch leaf, Larch waste material, redwood waste material and elm waste material are dried naturally.
(2) crush:Dried stalk, branch leaf, Larch waste material, redwood waste material, elm waste material are carried out respectively Crush, obtain stalk powder, branch leaf powder, Larch wood chip, redwood wood chip, elm wood chip.
(3) sieve:With the screen cloth that specification is 40 mesh respectively to the stalk powder, branch leaf powder, larch of crushing gained Wood chip, redwood wood chip, elm wood chip are sieved.
(4) dispensing:By 50 parts of the stalk powder sieved, 45 parts of branch leaf powder, 26 parts of Larch wood chip, redwood wood 30 parts of 12 parts of bits, elm wood chip mixing, and add 5 parts of 9 parts of calcium carbonate, 8 parts of gutter oil and bentonite and be well mixed with mixer, Obtain the compound that water content is 10-20%.
(5) pelletize:Gained compound at pressure 120MPa, 100 DEG C of temperature is squeezed into diameter 20 with pelletizing forming machine Millimeter, long 50 millimeters cylinder particle, biomass granule fuel is obtained after cooling.
Embodiment 2
It is as follows that the present embodiment prepares the step of biomass granule fuel:
(1) dry:Stalk, branch leaf, Larch waste material, redwood waste material and Liu An waste logs are dried naturally.
(2) crush:Dried stalk, branch leaf, Larch waste material, redwood waste material, Liu An waste logs are entered respectively Row crushes, and obtains stalk powder, branch leaf powder, Larch wood chip, redwood wood chip, willow Eucalyptus wood chip.
(3) sieve:With the screen cloth that specification is 50 mesh respectively to the stalk powder, branch leaf powder, larch of crushing gained Wood chip, redwood wood chip, willow Eucalyptus wood chip are sieved.
(4) dispensing:By 42 parts of the stalk powder sieved, 48 parts of branch leaf powder, 30 parts of Larch wood chip, redwood wood 23 parts of 19 parts of bits, willow Eucalyptus wood chip mixing, and add 7 parts of 8 parts of magnesium carbonate, 10 parts of gutter oil and diatomite and mixed with mixer It is even, obtain the compound that water content is 10-20%.
(5) pelletize:Gained compound is squeezed into the milli of diameter 15 at pressure 180MPa, 90 DEG C of temperature with pelletizing forming machine Rice, long 40 millimeters cylinder particle, biomass granule fuel is obtained after cooling.
Embodiment 3
It is as follows that the present embodiment prepares the step of biomass granule fuel:
(1) dry:Stalk, branch leaf, Larch waste material, redwood waste material and birch waste material are dried at 60 DEG C.
(2) crush:Dried stalk, branch leaf, Larch waste material, redwood waste material, birch waste material are carried out respectively Crush, obtain stalk powder, branch leaf powder, Larch wood chip, redwood wood chip, birch wood chip;
(3) sieve:With the screen cloth that specification is 60 mesh respectively to the stalk powder, branch leaf powder, larch of crushing gained Wood chip, redwood wood chip, birch wood chip are sieved.
(4) dispensing:By 47 parts of the stalk powder sieved, 50 parts of branch leaf powder, 22 parts of Larch wood chip, redwood wood 25 parts of 15 parts of bits, birch wood chip mixing, and add 6 parts of 13 parts of calcium carbonate, 8 parts of gutter oil and bentonite and mixed with mixer It is even, obtain the compound that water content is 10-20%.
(5) pelletize:It is 50 that gained compound is squeezed into the length of side at pressure 75MPa, 110 DEG C of temperature with pelletizing forming machine The cubic granules of millimeter, biomass granule fuel is obtained after cooling.
Embodiment 4
It is as follows that the present embodiment prepares the step of biomass granule fuel:
(1) dry:Stalk, branch leaf, Larch waste material, redwood waste material and Eucalyptus waste material are dried at 55 DEG C.
(2) crush:Dried stalk, branch leaf, Larch waste material, redwood waste material, Eucalyptus waste material are carried out respectively Crush, obtain stalk powder, branch leaf powder, Larch wood chip, redwood wood chip, Eucalyptus wood chip;
(3) sieve:With the screen cloth that specification is 30 mesh respectively to the stalk powder, branch leaf powder, larch of crushing gained Wood chip, redwood wood chip, Eucalyptus wood chip are sieved.
(4) dispensing:By 43 parts of the stalk powder sieved, 50 parts of branch leaf powder, 29 parts of Larch wood chip, redwood wood 30 parts of 10 parts of bits, Eucalyptus wood chip mixing, and add 5 parts of 15 parts of magnesium carbonate, 6 parts of gutter oil and cocoanut active charcoal and mixed with mixer Uniformly, the compound that water content is 10-20% is obtained.
(5) pelletize:It is 60 that gained compound is squeezed into the length of side at pressure 200MPa, 95 DEG C of temperature with pelletizing forming machine The cubic granules of millimeter, biomass granule fuel is obtained after cooling.
Combustibility detection is carried out to the biomass granule fuel of the present invention, it is 1.5-2.2% to measure its ash content, the combustion heat Be worth for 4100-4700 kilocalories/kilogram, combustion product gases temperature reaches more than 180 DEG C, and carbon monoxide is arranged in HPLC detection combustion product gases High-volume it is less than 1200ppm, sulfur-containing oxide discharge capacity is less than 5.5ppm.
Embodiment described above only expresses the several embodiments of the present invention, and its description is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Can not therefore it be construed as limiting the scope of the patent.It should be pointed out that come for one of ordinary skill in the art Say, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to the protection of the present invention Scope.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. biomass granule fuel, it is characterised in that:It is made up of the raw material of following parts by weight:Stalk powder 40-50 parts, Branch leaf powder 40-50 parts, Larch wood chip 20-30 parts, redwood wood chip 10-20 parts, hardwood wood chip 20-30 parts, solid sulphur Agent 8-15 parts, lubricant 5-10 parts, raising agent 4-8 parts.
  2. 2. biomass granule fuel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The hardwood wood chip is willow Eucalyptus wood One or more in bits, Eucalyptus wood chip, toothed oak wood wood chip, birch wood chip, elm wood chip, jujube wood wood chip.
  3. 3. biomass granule fuel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The sulphur-fixing agent is calcium carbonate, magnesium carbonate One or both of.
  4. 4. biomass granule fuel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The lubricant is gutter oil.
  5. 5. biomass granule fuel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The raising agent be diatomite, bentonite, One or more in cocoanut active charcoal.
  6. 6. biomass granule fuel according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The water content of the biomass granule fuel For 6-10%.
  7. 7. according to the biomass granule fuel described in claim any one of 1-6, it is characterised in that:The biomass granule fuel It is the cubic granules that diameter 6-30 millimeters, the cylinder particle of long 10-60 millimeters, or the length of side are 30-70 millimeters.
  8. 8. the preparation method of the biomass granule fuel described in claim any one of 1-7, it is characterised in that:Including following step Suddenly:
    (1) dry:Stalk, branch leaf, Larch waste material, redwood waste material and hardwood waste material are dried or dried naturally;
    (2) crush:Powder is carried out to dried stalk, branch leaf, Larch waste material, redwood waste material, hardwood waste material respectively It is broken, obtain stalk powder, branch leaf powder, Larch wood chip, redwood wood chip, hardwood wood chip;
    (3) sieve:Respectively to the stalk powder of crushing gained, branch leaf powder, Larch wood chip, redwood wood chip, hardwood Wood chip is sieved;
    (4) dispensing:Stalk powder, branch leaf powder, Larch wood chip, redwood wood chip, the hardwood that will have been sieved by proportioning Wood chip mixes, and adds desulfurizing agent, lubricant and raising agent and be well mixed, and obtains compound;
    (5) pelletize:The extruding of gained compound is turned into graininess, obtains the biomass granule fuel.
  9. 9. the preparation method of biomass granule fuel according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:In step (3), specification is used Screen cloth for 20-60 mesh is sieved.
  10. 10. the preparation method of biomass granule fuel according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:In step (4), extruding The condition of granulation is pressure 50-200MPa, 80-120 DEG C of temperature.
CN201711005017.6A 2017-10-25 2017-10-25 A kind of biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof Pending CN107641539A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711005017.6A CN107641539A (en) 2017-10-25 2017-10-25 A kind of biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711005017.6A CN107641539A (en) 2017-10-25 2017-10-25 A kind of biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107641539A true CN107641539A (en) 2018-01-30

Family

ID=61123304

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201711005017.6A Pending CN107641539A (en) 2017-10-25 2017-10-25 A kind of biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107641539A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108546578A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-09-18 蒙城县鑫瑞新能源科技有限公司 A kind of porous type efficient burning biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof
CN108774559A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-09 合肥市晶谷农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of preparation method of moistureproof and mildewproof biomass granule fuel
CN109022090A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-18 临沂环创新能源有限公司 A kind of biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof
CN110467956A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-11-19 南通汉森农业科技有限公司 Stalk semi-coke fuel combination and preparation method thereof
CN110467954A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-11-19 南通汉森农业科技有限公司 Stalk fuel combination and preparation method thereof

Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102329675A (en) * 2011-09-07 2012-01-25 曹其宽 Environment-friendly biomass granular fuel and preparation method thereof
CN103992835A (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-08-20 德清富森利节能科技有限公司 Biomass wood sawdust pellet fuel and preparation method thereof
CN105001934A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-10-28 孝昌县鑫波农业发展有限公司 Preparation method for biomass fuel

Patent Citations (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102329675A (en) * 2011-09-07 2012-01-25 曹其宽 Environment-friendly biomass granular fuel and preparation method thereof
CN103992835A (en) * 2014-05-28 2014-08-20 德清富森利节能科技有限公司 Biomass wood sawdust pellet fuel and preparation method thereof
CN105001934A (en) * 2015-07-17 2015-10-28 孝昌县鑫波农业发展有限公司 Preparation method for biomass fuel

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108546578A (en) * 2018-04-04 2018-09-18 蒙城县鑫瑞新能源科技有限公司 A kind of porous type efficient burning biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof
CN108774559A (en) * 2018-07-03 2018-11-09 合肥市晶谷农业科技开发有限公司 A kind of preparation method of moistureproof and mildewproof biomass granule fuel
CN109022090A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-18 临沂环创新能源有限公司 A kind of biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof
CN110467956A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-11-19 南通汉森农业科技有限公司 Stalk semi-coke fuel combination and preparation method thereof
CN110467954A (en) * 2019-07-03 2019-11-19 南通汉森农业科技有限公司 Stalk fuel combination and preparation method thereof

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN107641539A (en) A kind of biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof
CN101307266A (en) Biomass solid fuel and processing method
CN101899345A (en) Biomass molding fuels
CN101134920B (en) Biomass coal adhesive and biomass coal prepared by the same
CN103343026B (en) Process method and process system for preparing solid fuel through biomass and sludge
CN109022090A (en) A kind of biomass granule fuel and preparation method thereof
CN103666626A (en) Anti-sintering biomass fuel particle and preparation method thereof
CN107418647A (en) A kind of ecological, environmental protective high fever biomass energy-saving smokeless fuel and preparation method thereof
CN105925336A (en) Biomass composite fuel with high combustion efficiency and a preparation method thereof
CN101935568B (en) High-temperature biomass micron fuel
CN101812345A (en) Sludge composite fuel and processing method
CN108865314A (en) A kind of resistance to burning biomass particle of novel environment friendly and preparation method thereof
CN105542870B (en) It is a kind of to carry out charcoal, air-liquid, the system and production method of oily coproduction using biomass
CN102093923B (en) Biomass reducing agent and preparation method thereof
CN105316057A (en) Biomass coal briquette by use of anthracite coal and carbonized biomass fuel as base materials
CN108329970A (en) A kind of environment-friendly biomass fuel and preparation method
CN105349203A (en) Coal briquette using anthracite and carbonized biomass fuel as substrate
CN107129167B (en) A kind of suspension catalysis oxidation flameless combustion process of the fuel containing wet biomass
CN109266416A (en) A kind of compound biomass granular fuel and its preparation method and application
CN108048150A (en) A kind of sawdust biological particles
CN1800323A (en) Stalk forming charcoal for boiler
CN101659892A (en) Biofuel and preparing method thereof
CN105349206A (en) Biomass coal briquette
CN107056106A (en) A kind of suspension catalysis oxidation flameless combustion equipment of the fuel containing wet biomass
CN107557102A (en) A kind of environment-friendly type Wooden Biomass granular fuel and preparation method thereof

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication
RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication

Application publication date: 20180130