CN107637561A - Fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function - Google Patents

Fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107637561A
CN107637561A CN201610547636.7A CN201610547636A CN107637561A CN 107637561 A CN107637561 A CN 107637561A CN 201610547636 A CN201610547636 A CN 201610547636A CN 107637561 A CN107637561 A CN 107637561A
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China
Prior art keywords
water
breeding pool
pond
unit
supply line
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CN201610547636.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何文辉
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Shanghai Kai Tai Fish Culture Development Co Ltd
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Shanghai Kai Tai Fish Culture Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610547636.7A priority Critical patent/CN107637561A/en
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Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function, and pond system comprises at least:Breeding pool and the aeration unit being arranged on breeding pool and purification of water quality unit, purification of water quality unit include clear water feed unit, common water supplying unit and drainage cell;Aeration unit includes air pump and aeration head, and aeration head is evenly distributed in breeding pool;Clear water feed unit includes the first water pump, cistern and the first water supply line;Common water supplying unit includes the second water pump and the second water supply line;Drainage cell includes L-shaped drainage pipeline, the water inlet connection discharge outlet of drainage pipeline, and the level height of the delivery port of drainage pipeline is less than the pond face level height of breeding pool.Can economic, convenient, the accurate oxygen content for purifying water and controlling water body using the present invention.

Description

Fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function, cultivation is primarily adapted for use in Shrimp.
Background technology
As the improvement of people's living standards, the agricultural byproducts such as fishery are increasingly liked by consumers in general, especially It is shrimps, its species is various, and delicious meat, nutritive value is higher, particularly Penaeus Vannmei, and Macrobrachium rosenbergii.The life of shrimp Length is influenceed by various environmental factors, such as the cleannes of the dissolved oxygen amount of water body, water quality, the temperature of water and bait composition etc. Deng.Practical experience shows that shrimp only could rapidly be grown in suitable environment, and its meat can be just improved, and more be accorded with Close liking for consumer groups.
Use in the artificial cultivating method of shrimps in more or pond or cultivated in river at present, so cultivation side Method yield is relatively low, and be unfavorable for improve shrimp meat, itself main reason is that, in the cleanliness factor and water of breeding pool reclaimed water Oxygen part can not accurately control.
A few days ago, increasing breeding enterprise starts to use ecological efficient cultural technique, and it mainly utilizes cleanliness factor phase Shrimp is cultivated to higher fresh water, its effect is preferable, but this method also not simultaneously imperfection, therefore, in order to better improve The yield of fishery, while meet consumer demand, it is very necessary to design a kind of new breeding pool.
The content of the invention
In view of the above the shortcomings that prior art, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of efficient, economy, easily have There is the fishery cultivating pond system of oxygen supply and water quality purification function, the oxygen content of purification and water for water quality can be accurately Control.
In order to achieve the above objects and other related objects, a kind of complete subject name 1 of present invention offer, one kind, which have, supplies The fishery cultivating pond system of oxygen and water quality purification function, it is characterised in that the pond system comprises at least:Breeding pool with And be arranged on aeration unit and purification of water quality unit on breeding pool, the purification of water quality unit include clear water feed unit, Common water supplying unit and drainage cell;
The aeration unit includes air pump and aeration head, and the aeration head connects air pump, institute by air duct State aeration head to be evenly distributed in breeding pool, the distance between described aeration head is 0.5-5m;
The clear water feed unit includes cistern and the first water supply line, and the outside water supply line of clear water source first connects Lead to the cistern and breeding pool, first water supply line is provided with foster for the clear water in outside clear water source to be pumped into Grow first water pump in pond;
The common water supplying unit includes the second water pump and the second water supply line, outside common water source second water supply line Breeding pool is connected, second water supply line, which is provided with, to be used to the water in outside common water source being pumped into the second of breeding pool Water pump;
The drainage cell includes L-shaped drainage pipeline, and the L-shaped drainage pipeline includes the horizontal branch pipe of connection and vertical branch Pipe, the free-end of the horizontal branch pipe be water inlet, and the free-end of the branch pipe vertically is delivery port, the bottom of the breeding pool Portion is provided with discharge outlet, and the water inlet of the drainage pipeline connects the discharge outlet, and the level of the delivery port of the drainage pipeline is high Pond face level height of the degree less than breeding pool.
Preferably, pasture and water are additionally provided with the cistern and breeding pool.
Preferably, any one of the pasture and water in hornwort, hydrilla verticillata and waterweed.
Preferably,:Pasture and water in the breeding pool account for the 30%-50% of water surface area in breeding pool.
Preferably, the area of the breeding pool is 16-80 ㎡, and the breeding pool reclaimed water tank depth is 0.3-0.8m, The two neighboring aeration head the distance between be 0.5-2.5m, each aeration head distance supports the pool side distance in shrimp pond Both greater than 0.5m.
Preferably, the level height of the delivery port of the drainage pipeline is less than the pond face level height 3- of breeding pool 20cm。
Preferably, the bottom surface of the breeding pool is arc-shaped concave, and the discharge outlet is arranged on the minimum point of arc-shaped concave.
Preferably, the delivery port of first water supply line is located at the top of breeding pool.
Preferably, the delivery port of second water supply line is located at the top of breeding pool.
As described above, the complete denomination of invention of the present invention, has the advantages that:
Aeration head is uniformly reasonably distributed in pond so that when the temperature of pond reclaimed water is 20-30 DEG C, the molten amount of water can To reach 7-10mg/L, meet high density and support the demand of shrimp, while reach the purpose for mixing water quality;Using clear water source and light water Source Liang Zhong water sources supply water, and have saved cost, convenient material drawing, and different water sources are also beneficial to stimulate the growth of shrimp;Two kinds of water sources use Independent acquisition system, it is easy to control and accurate;On the one hand setting up for cistern ensure that clear water can in breeding pool is entered With sufficient dissolved oxygen, water temperature also have adjusted;The plantation of pasture and water is advantageous to the evolution of water quality, the photosynthesis of pasture and water in breeding pool It is also beneficial to the increase of the dissolved oxygen amount of water quality;The drainpipe of L-shaped so that breeding pool is formed with drainpipe and connected, and works as cultivation water After new water water increase in pond, old water can be automatically drained out, and ensure that the water in pond is constant;The discharge outlet of breeding pool is set The bottom surface of breeding pool is arranged in the bottom of breeding pool and discharge outlet, the new water being just pumped into is avoided and is not mixing also In the case of just discharge, promote the mixing of Xin Shui and old water.Shrimp is supported using this pond, can be caught at any time, it is necessary to catch Amount is also easily controlled, and because sump area is smaller, therefore is caught conveniently, without spending big manpower.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is shown as the invention purification of water quality cellular construction schematic diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is shown as the aeration unit structural representation of the present invention.
Wherein, 1, breeding pool, the 2, second water supply line, 3, drainage pipeline, 4, cistern, the 5, first water supply line, 6, Well, 7, air pump, 8, hornwort, the 21, second water pump, the 51, first water pump, 71, aeration head, 72, air duct.
Embodiment
Embodiments of the present invention are illustrated by particular specific embodiment below, those skilled in the art can be by this explanation Content disclosed by book understands other advantages and effect of the present invention easily.
Fig. 1 is referred to Fig. 2.It should be clear that structure, ratio, size depicted in this specification institute accompanying drawings etc., only to Coordinate the content disclosed in specification, so that those skilled in the art understands and reads, being not limited to the present invention can be real The qualifications applied, therefore do not have technical essential meaning, the tune of the modification of any structure, the change of proportionate relationship or size It is whole, in the case where not influenceing the effect of present invention can be generated and the purpose that can reach, all should still fall in disclosed skill Art content is obtained in the range of covering.Meanwhile in this specification it is cited as " on ", " under ", "left", "right", " centre " and The term of " one " etc., understanding for narration is merely convenient to, and is not used to limit the enforceable scope of the present invention, its relativeness It is altered or modified, in the case where changing technology contents without essence, when being also considered as the enforceable category of the present invention.
The invention discloses a kind of pond system for fishery cultivating, cultivation Penaeus Vannmei is mainly used in, mainly Using freshwater aquiculture technology.The pond system comprises at least:Breeding pool 1 and the aeration list being arranged on breeding pool 1 Member and purification of water quality unit, the purification of water quality unit include clear water feed unit, light water feed unit and drainage cell. Breeding pool be area 20 ㎡'s and with regular texture.Certainly, in actual cultivation, the structure of breeding pool 1 is probably not Rule, also tend to have multiple, but the specific setting for being specific to each breeding pool 1 is similar.
Referring to Fig. 1, for water purification system structural representation in the present invention, purification of water quality unit includes but is not limited to:With In the clear water feed unit and common feed unit that are supplied water to breeding pool 1, for the drainage cell to the draining of breeding pool 1.
Clear water feed unit includes the first water pump 51, clear water source, the water supply line 5 of cistern 4 and first, outside clear water Source, cistern 4 and breeding pool 1 pass sequentially through the first water supply line 5 and connected, and first water pump 51 connects the first feed pipe Road 5, the clear water in outside clear water source is pumped into breeding pool 1;Outside clear water source uses well depth as the well water in 80m well 6, The delivery port of first water supply line 5 is arranged on the top of breeding pool 1.Because breeding pool 1 has multiple be arranged in practice Together, for the convenience of water supply, many apopore conducts are provided with first water supply line 5 on each top of breeding pool 1 Delivery port, so both realized the purpose that water pipe supplies multiple breeding pools 1, also allow clear water sufficiently with cultivation The purpose that water in pond 1 mixes.
For further optimizing design scheme, hornwort (not shown) is additionally provided with cistern 4 in the present embodiment, Reach the purpose of further evolution water quality by photosynthesis.Certainly, other pasture and water, such as waterweed or wheel blade also may be selected Black algae.Clear water is not to flow directly into breeding pool 1 after entering cistern 4, but is just put into after placing the time of 2 days or so foster Pond 1 is grown, has reached regulation water temperature and the purpose of abundant dissolved oxygen.
Common water supplying unit includes the second water pump 21 and the second water supply line 2, and outside common water source passes through the second feed pipe Road 2 connects breeding pool, and the second water pump 21 connects the second water supply line 2, and the water in outside common water source is pumped into breeding pool 1;Outside common water source can also use river certainly using natural pool water.The delivery port of second water supply line 2 is also provided with Purpose on the top of breeding pool 1, further mixing water quality.
The first water pump 51 and the second water pump 21, those skilled in the art in above-described embodiment can obtain from the market .
Drainage cell includes L-shaped drainage pipeline 3, and L-shaped drainage pipeline 3 includes the horizontal branch pipe interconnected and vertical branch Pipe, the free-end of the horizontal branch pipe is water inlet, and the free-end of the vertical branch pipe is delivery port, the breeding pool 1 Bottom is provided with discharge outlet, the water inlet connection discharge outlet of the drainage pipeline 3, the level height of the delivery port of the drainage pipeline 3 Degree is less than the pond face level height of breeding pool 1, in the present embodiment less than the pond face 5cm of breeding pool 1.In general can be with low In 3-20cm, preferably 3-10cm.The level height of normal conditions lower outlet is preferably provided and the water surface in breeding pool 1 It is highly consistent, and the height of the water surface of breeding pool 1 is slightly below the pond face about 3-10cm of breeding pool 1.So, when the new water of supplement When, the old water in breeding pool 1 can be automatically drained out, and form automatic cyclic process.It is described for further optimizing design scheme The bottom surface of breeding pool 1 is symmetrical arc-shaped concave, and the discharge outlet is arranged on the minimum point of arc-shaped concave, because so can be with So that draining more determines.
Referring to Fig. 2, for the aeration unit structural representation of the present invention, the size in pond is 20 ㎡, and pond is the vertical of rule Cube structure, two length of sides are respectively short side 4m and long side 5m, depth of water 0.5m.Air pump 8 is to buy from the market, aeration head 1 One shares 4, is all disposed within using pore type, each aeration head 71 at pond short side 1m, long side 1.25m.Air The air that pump 7 bloats passes through air duct 72, soluble in water eventually through aeration head 71.
Hornwort 8 is additionally provided with pond, pasture and water account for the area 42% of the water surface.
After measured, when water temperature is 25 DEG C, the dissolved oxygen amount in water is 7.5mg/L.
So the present invention effectively overcomes various shortcoming of the prior art and has high industrial utilization.
The above-described embodiments merely illustrate the principles and effects of the present invention, not for the limitation present invention.It is any ripe Know the personage of this technology all can carry out modifications and changes under the spirit and scope without prejudice to the present invention to above-described embodiment.Cause This, those of ordinary skill in the art is complete without departing from disclosed spirit and institute under technological thought such as Into all equivalent modifications or change, should by the present invention claim be covered.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function, it is characterised in that the pond system is extremely Include less:Breeding pool and the aeration unit being arranged on breeding pool and purification of water quality unit, the purification of water quality unit Including clear water feed unit, common water supplying unit and drainage cell;
The aeration unit includes air pump and aeration head, and the aeration head connects air pump, the exposure by air duct Gas head is evenly distributed in breeding pool, and the distance between described aeration head is 0.5-5m;
The clear water feed unit includes cistern and the first water supply line, and the outside water supply line of clear water source first connects institute Cistern and breeding pool are stated, first water supply line, which is provided with, to be used to the clear water in outside clear water source being pumped into cultivation water First water pump in pond;
The common water supplying unit includes the second water pump and the second water supply line, outside common water source second water supply line connection Breeding pool, second water supply line are provided with the second water for being used for that the water in outside common water source to be pumped into breeding pool Pump;
The drainage cell includes L-shaped drainage pipeline, and the L-shaped drainage pipeline includes the horizontal branch pipe of connection and vertical branch pipe, The free-end of the horizontal branch pipe is water inlet, and the free-end of the vertical branch pipe is delivery port, the bottom of the breeding pool Provided with discharge outlet, the water inlet of the drainage pipeline connects the discharge outlet, the level height of the delivery port of the drainage pipeline Less than the pond face level height of breeding pool.
2. the fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: Pasture and water are additionally provided with the cistern and breeding pool.
3. the fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: Any one of the pasture and water in hornwort, hydrilla verticillata or waterweed.
4. the fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: Pasture and water in the breeding pool account for the 30%-50% of water surface area in breeding pool.
5. the fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The area of the breeding pool is 16-80 ㎡, and the breeding pool reclaimed water tank depth is 0.3-0.8m, the two neighboring aeration Head the distance between be 0.5-2.5m, each aeration head distance supports the pool side in shrimp pond apart from both greater than 0.5m.
6. the fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The level height of the delivery port of the drainage pipeline is less than the pond face level height 3-20cm of breeding pool.
7. the fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The bottom surface of the breeding pool is arc-shaped concave, and the discharge outlet is arranged on the minimum point of arc-shaped concave.
8. the fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The delivery port of first water supply line is located at the top of breeding pool.
9. the fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: The delivery port of second water supply line is located at the top of breeding pool.
CN201610547636.7A 2016-07-13 2016-07-13 Fishery cultivating pond system with oxygen supply and water quality purification function Pending CN107637561A (en)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111374076A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-07-07 上海开太鱼文化发展有限公司 Penaeus vannamei feeding method

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111374076A (en) * 2020-05-09 2020-07-07 上海开太鱼文化发展有限公司 Penaeus vannamei feeding method

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