CN107624520A - A kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings - Google Patents

A kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107624520A
CN107624520A CN201710742872.9A CN201710742872A CN107624520A CN 107624520 A CN107624520 A CN 107624520A CN 201710742872 A CN201710742872 A CN 201710742872A CN 107624520 A CN107624520 A CN 107624520A
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soil
liquid
parts
seed
days
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潘明辉
陈运良
王江波
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GUIZHOU PROVINCE ZIYUN AUTONOMOUS COUNTY LYUHONG AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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GUIZHOU PROVINCE ZIYUN AUTONOMOUS COUNTY LYUHONG AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710742872.9A priority Critical patent/CN107624520A/en
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Abstract

The invention belongs to vegetable cultivation field, more particularly to a kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings, comprise the following steps:Build canopy, seedbed preparation, nursery, seedling management.The present invention is by the management of science, and the plant extraction liquid particularly added is preferable to the nutritional ingredient effect for improving soil fertilizer, so as to meet the nutritional need of broccoli seedling growth course.In addition, in seed germination, the foreign ivy extract solution of the invention extracted is added in the growth-promoting media of sprinkling so that germination speed and germination percentage increase, wherein percentage of seedgermination increase by 10 13.2%, so as to cause per mu yield to improve 1.8 2.5 ten thousand plants/acre, seedling growth cycle accelerates 5 10 days.

Description

A kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings
Technical field
The invention belongs to vegetable cultivation field, more particularly to a kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings.
Background technology
Broccoli, also known as broccoli, it is the raw herbaceous plant of 1-2.Nutritional ingredient in broccoli, not only content is high, and And very comprehensively, according to analysis, in the bouquet of every 100 grams of fresh broccolis, 3.5g-4.5g containing protein, be cauliflower 3 times, kinds 4 times of eggplant.In addition, broccoli mineral composition is than other vegetables more comprehensively, calcium, phosphorus, iron, potassium, zinc, manganese equal size are all very rich Richness, the cabbage rolls than belonging to Cruciferae are higher by a lot, are described as " vegetables imperial crown ".The bud green tender and crisp quality of broccoli and clear Agreeable to the taste flavor of feeling well is recognized by consumers in general, and the consumption impetus increasingly rises, and cultivated area is increasing, therefore it provides The broccoli seedling of high quality is to ensure that broccoli meets the premise in market.
The content of the invention
The present invention is in order to solve the above technical problems, provide broccoli seeding cultivating method, particular by following technical side Case is realized:
A kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings, comprises the following steps:
1) canopy is built:Select physical features, ground difference is smaller, leeward draining is good on the sunny side, and it is convenient to irrigate, communications and transportation for flat slope Convenient soil is with building canopy, it is 3.5- that greenhouse, which is opened to as north-south, long 70-100m, wide 16-17m, high 3-4m, canopy spacing, 4.5m, steel skeleton gap are 1.2-1.5m, be 0.8-1mm from thickness, white, anti-drip subtract mist film;
2) seedbed preparation:Take the soil texture excellent, no weeds seed, the field from which wheat has been reaped topsoil of non agricultural chemical residuum, as matrix Soil, substrate soil is sieved and cleaned, sterilized, substrate soil and soil fertilizer 10-20 in mass ratio:1 mixing, nursery soil is obtained, by nursery soil Load nursery bowl, nursery bowl specification is diameter 8cm × high 8cm, and nursery bowl, which is put, embarks on journey, and each greenhouse puts 7 rows, line width 1.35m, from canopy film side 40-50cm, line space 30-40cm;
3) nursery:Early April, every batch was a date of seeding every 7-10 days, and seed is carried out into screening rejects mould grain, flat Presprouting of seeds is carried out after grain, worm grain, is sowed when 20% seed germination, the nursery bowl for installing nursery soil waters before sowing, broadcast Equably the thick fine earths of 0.8-1cm, watering, covering mulch film insulation, mu sowing 15-20g dry seedses are spread after kind with dusting cover;
4) seedling management:
Temperature:After planting 7-10 days, temperature of shed daytime was 20-25 DEG C, at 15-16 DEG C of night, emerges and is taken off immediately up to 30% Mulch film is removed, after planting 11-17 days, 18-23 DEG C of daytime, 13-15 DEG C of night, after planting 18-27 days, 20-25 DEG C of daytime, night 14-16 DEG C, after planting 28-35 days, 18-23 DEG C of daytime, 12-15 DEG C of night;
Moisture:A water, each nursery bowl 1-1.5L were poured every 3-5 days;
Seedling separation:Broadcast latter 15-17 days, seedling grow to 4 leaves wholeheartedly when proceed by seedling separation, seedling separation the previous day, first seedling is irrigated Water, then transplant seedlings and be completely cured, restrain the growth of seedlings, so as to nurturing staff and Qi Miao, the sun-proof cooling of sunshade net is taken after seedling separation, at the same pour it is permeable, one As seedling grown 30-35 days in greenhouse, growth of seedling reaches 6 leaves wholeheartedly, both planting stock;
Weeding:At after planting 2-3 days, cut weeds once, after planting 7-10 days, seedling grew into the weeding of the leaf of true leaf 1 wholeheartedly Once, after planting 11-15 days, weeding was once;
Prevent and treat pest and disease damage:At after planting 2-3 days, sprinkling prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid 1 time, after planting 20-35 days, pest and disease damage is sprayed Prevent and treat liquid 1 time, each prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid mu dosage 70-100L.
Further, described sterilization, including moise-heat sterilization, prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid disinfectant, are passed through 70-80 DEG C of steam, continue 6-7h, prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid will be then sprayed into nursery soil, 1 ton of soil sprays 100-150L, and land used membrane cover lives to have sprayed disease The soil of pest control liquid, place 1-2 days at 40-50 DEG C.
Further, described soil fertilizer, including following mass parts raw material:Straw 100-150 parts, tea seed 80-120 parts, apricot Benevolence shell 60-110 parts, walnut green grass or young crops shell 50-80 parts, pumpkin seeds 30-60 parts, inorganic salts 30-60 parts, Tabasheer 20-50, leavening 10-20 parts.
Further, described soil fertilizer, including following preparation process:
1) straw, tea seed, Pericarppium Armeniacae Amarum, walnut green grass or young crops shell, pumpkin seeds, Tabasheer are crushed, powder and plant extraction liquid press matter Amount compares 20-30:1 mixing, control powder moisture is in 30-40%, 50-60 DEG C, places 7-8h, obtains material 1, wherein plant extraction liquid For aloe, pot marigold chopping mixing, 30-40 DEG C of hot-water soak 3-4h, 65-70 DEG C of heating extraction 4-7h, filtering, filtrate 1 is obtained, is added Enter the 0.5mol/L sodium hydroxide solutions of 1 times of mass of filtrate 1, stand 1-1.5h, filtering, obtain filtrate 2, both obtain plant extraction liquid;
2) will expect 1 and leavening mixing, 28-35 DEG C, fermentation 12-14h, fermentation material to be dried, obtains material 2;
3) 2 and inorganic salts mixing will be expected, both obtain soil fertilizer.
Further, described inorganic salts, it is potassium dihydrogen phosphate, magnesium sulfate monohydrate, cobaltous sulfate, Potassiumiodate and manganese sulfate monohydrate In one or more.
Further, the no leavening, it is acetic acid bacterium solution, 1-2 mass parts Bifidobacteriums liquid, 1 mass of 2-3 mass parts Part pectin enzyme mixation, wherein acetic acid bacterium solution and Bifidobacterium liquid living bacteria count >=25,000,000,000/ml.
Further, described vernalization, comprise the following steps and seed be put into 30-40 DEG C of warm water immersion 20-30min, filter, Seed is immersed in 4-5 DEG C of frozen water 15-20min, is immersed in 1-2h in prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid after drying seed, taking-up is washed with clear water Only, wrapped after with wet cloth, be placed on vernalization at 20 DEG C -25 DEG C, rinsed with clear water once spray growth-promoting media afterwards daily.
Further, described growth-promoting media, including following mass parts raw material:Foreign ivy extract solution 7-8 parts, ethylenediamine tetrem Acid disodium 3-4 parts, gibberellin 1-3 parts, heteroauxin 0.5-1 parts, clear water 2000-3000 parts, wherein foreign ivy extract solution, is Foreign ivy is soaked in 5-6h in the pH=6.5 aqueous solution, filters out medicinal material, adds the water of 2-3 times of medicinal material amount, 55-60 DEG C is decocted 1-2h is boiled, is filtered, both.
Further, described prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid, the raw material of following mass parts is included:50-60 part Dipels are wettable 800 times of liquid of property pulvis, 70% copper hydroxide wettable powder of 30-40 parts, 600 times of liquid, 500 times of 60% Mancozeb of 20-30 parts Liquid, 10-20 parts 5% UC 62644 missible oil, 1000 times of liquid.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:The soil fertilizer handled according to the present invention, the plant extraction liquid particularly added is to improving The nutritional ingredient of soil fertilizer is especially effective, so as to meet the nutritional need of broccoli seedling growth course.In addition, in germination During, the foreign ivy extract solution of the invention extracted is added in the growth-promoting media of sprinkling so that germination speed and germination Rate increases, wherein percentage of seedgermination 10-13.2%, so as to cause per mu yield to improve ten thousand plants/acre of 1.8-2.5, seedling growth Cycle accelerates 5-10 days.
Embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is described in further detail below, but the invention is not limited in these realities Mode is applied, any improvement or replacement on the present embodiment essence spirit, it is claimed to still fall within the claims in the present invention Scope.
Embodiment 1
A kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings, comprises the following steps:
1) canopy is built:Select physical features, ground difference is smaller, leeward draining is good on the sunny side, and it is convenient to irrigate, communications and transportation for flat slope Canopy is with being built in convenient soil, and greenhouse is opened to as north-south, long 70m, wide 16m, high 3m, and canopy spacing is 3.5m, steel skeleton gap For 1.2m, from thickness be 0.8mm, white, anti-drip subtract mist film;
2) seedbed preparation:Take the soil texture excellent, no weeds seed, the field from which wheat has been reaped topsoil of non agricultural chemical residuum, as matrix Soil, substrate soil is sieved and cleaned, sterilized, substrate soil and soil fertilizer in mass ratio 10:1 mixing, nursery soil is obtained, nursery soil is loaded Nursery bowl, nursery bowl specification are diameter 8cm × high 8cm, and nursery bowl, which is put, embarks on journey, and each greenhouse puts 7 rows, line width 1.35m, from Canopy film side 40cm, line space 30cm;
3) nursery:Early April, every batch was a date of seeding every 7 days, and seed is carried out into screening rejects mould grain, flat grain, worm Presprouting of seeds is carried out after grain, is sowed when 20% seed germination, the nursery bowl for installing nursery soil is watered before sowing, after planting Evenly the thick fine earths of 0.8cm, watering, covering mulch film insulation, mu sowing 15g dry seedses are spread with dusting cover;
4) seedling management:
Temperature:After planting 7 days, temperature of shed daytime was 20 DEG C, at 16 DEG C of night, emerges and throws off mulch film immediately up to 30%, broadcast 11 days after kind, 18 DEG C of daytime, 15 DEG C of night, after planting 18 days, 20 DEG C of daytime, 14 DEG C of night, after planting 28 days, 18 DEG C of daytime, 15 DEG C of night;
Moisture:A water, each nursery bowl 1L were poured every 3 days;
Seedling separation:15 days after broadcasting, seedling grow to 4 leaves wholeheartedly when proceed by seedling separation, seedling separation the previous day, first seedling is poured it is permeable, Then transplant seedlings and be completely cured, restrain the growth of seedlings, so as to nurturing staff and Qi Miao, the sun-proof cooling of sunshade net is taken after seedling separation, while pour permeable, general children Seedling grows 30-35 days in greenhouse, and growth of seedling reaches 6 leaves wholeheartedly, both obtains planting stock;
Weeding:At after planting 2 days, cut weeds once, after planting 7 days, seedling grew into the weeding of the leaf of true leaf 1 wholeheartedly once, After planting 11 days, weeding was once;
Prevent and treat pest and disease damage:At after planting 2 days, sprinkling prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid 1 time, after planting 20 days, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is sprayed Liquid 1 time, each prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid mu dosage 70L.
Described sterilization, including moise-heat sterilization, prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid disinfectant, are passed through 70 DEG C of steam, continue 6h, then will be to Prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid is sprayed in nursery soil, 1 ton of soil sprays 100L, and land used membrane cover lives to have sprayed the soil of prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid, Placed 1 day at 40 DEG C.
Described soil fertilizer, including following mass parts raw material:Straw 100kg, tea seed 80kg, Pericarppium Armeniacae Amarum 60kg, walnut are blue or green Shell 50kg, pumpkin seeds 30kg, inorganic salts 30kg, Tabasheer 20kg, leavening 10kg.
Described soil fertilizer, including following preparation process:
1) by straw 100kg, tea seed 80kg, Pericarppium Armeniacae Amarum 60kg, walnut green grass or young crops shell 50kg, pumpkin seeds 30kg, Tabasheer 20kg Crush, powder and plant extraction liquid in mass ratio 20:1 mixing, control powder moisture place 7h, obtain material 1 at 30%, 50 DEG C, Wherein plant extraction liquid is aloe, pot marigold chopping mixing, 30 DEG C of hot-water soaks 3h, 65 DEG C of heating extraction 4h, filtering, obtains filtrate 1, the 0.5mol/L sodium hydroxide solutions of 1 times of mass of filtrate 1 are added, 1h is stood, filtering, obtains filtrate 2, both obtain plant extraction liquid;
2) 1 and 10kg of material leavenings are mixed, 28 DEG C, fermentation 12h, fermentation material is dried, obtains material 2;
3) 2 and 30kg of material inorganic salts are mixed, has both obtained soil fertilizer.
Described inorganic salts, it is the quality such as potassium dihydrogen phosphate, magnesium sulfate monohydrate, cobaltous sulfate, Potassiumiodate and manganese sulfate monohydrate Mixed-powder.
It is described without leavening, the acetic acid bacterium solution for being 2kg, 1kg Bifidobacteriums liquid, wherein 1kg pectin enzyme mixations, acetic acid Bacterium solution and Bifidobacterium liquid living bacteria count >=25,000,000,000/ml.
Described vernalization, comprise the following steps and seed is put into 30 DEG C of warm water immersion 20min, filtering, seed is immersed in 4 DEG C frozen water 15min, 1h in prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid is immersed in after drying seed, and taking-up is cleaned with clear water, after wrapped with wet cloth, be placed on Vernalization at 20 DEG C, rinsed with clear water once spray growth-promoting media afterwards daily.
Described growth-promoting media, including following mass parts raw material:Foreign ivy extract solution 7kg, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 3kg, gibberellin 1kg, heteroauxin 0.5kg, clear water 2000kg, wherein foreign ivy extract solution, is to be soaked in foreign ivy 5h in the pH=6.5 aqueous solution, medicinal material is filtered out, add the water of 2 times of medicinal material amounts, 55 DEG C of decoction 1h, filtering, both obtained.
Described prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid, include the raw material of following mass parts:800 times of 50kg Dipels wettable powder Liquid, 70% copper hydroxide wettable powders of 30kg, 600 times of liquid, 60% Mancozebs of 20kg, 500 times of liquid, the UC 62644s of 10kg 5% 1000 times of liquid of missible oil.
Embodiment 2
A kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings, comprises the following steps:
1) canopy is built:Select physical features, ground difference is smaller, leeward draining is good on the sunny side, and it is convenient to irrigate, communications and transportation for flat slope Canopy is with being built in convenient soil, and greenhouse is opened to as north-south, long 75m, wide 16.2m, high 3.2m, and canopy spacing is 3.5-4.5m, steel Skeleton gap is 1.2m, be 0.8mm from thickness, white, anti-drip subtract mist film;
2) seedbed preparation:Take the soil texture excellent, no weeds seed, the field from which wheat has been reaped topsoil of non agricultural chemical residuum, as matrix Soil, substrate soil is sieved and cleaned, sterilized, substrate soil and soil fertilizer in mass ratio 12:1 mixing, nursery soil is obtained, nursery soil is loaded Nursery bowl, nursery bowl specification are diameter 8cm × high 8cm, and nursery bowl, which is put, embarks on journey, and each greenhouse puts 7 rows, line width 1.35m, from Canopy film side 42cm, line space 32cm;
3) nursery:Early April, every batch was a date of seeding every 7 days, and seed is carried out into screening rejects mould grain, flat grain, worm Presprouting of seeds is carried out after grain, is sowed when 20% seed germination, the nursery bowl for installing nursery soil is watered before sowing, after planting Evenly the thick fine earths of 0.8cm, watering, covering mulch film insulation, mu sowing 16g dry seedses are spread with dusting cover;
4) seedling management:
Temperature:After planting 8 days, temperature of shed daytime was 21 DEG C, at 16 DEG C of night, emerges and throws off mulch film immediately up to 30%, broadcast 12 days after kind, 19 DEG C of daytime, 14 DEG C of night, after planting 199 days, 21 DEG C of daytime, 15 DEG C of night, after planting 29 days, 19 DEG C of daytime, 13 DEG C of night;
Moisture:A water, each nursery bowl 1.1L were poured every 4 days;
Seedling separation:16 days after broadcasting, seedling grow to 4 leaves wholeheartedly when proceed by seedling separation, seedling separation the previous day, first seedling is poured it is permeable, Then transplant seedlings and be completely cured, restrain the growth of seedlings, so as to nurturing staff and Qi Miao, the sun-proof cooling of sunshade net is taken after seedling separation, while pour permeable, general children Seedling grows 31 days in greenhouse, and growth of seedling reaches 6 leaves wholeheartedly, both obtains planting stock;
Weeding:At after planting 2 days, cut weeds once, after planting 8 days, seedling grew into the weeding of the leaf of true leaf 1 wholeheartedly once, After planting 12 days, weeding was once;
Prevent and treat pest and disease damage:At after planting 3 days, sprinkling prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid 1 time, after planting 22 days, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is sprayed Liquid 1 time, each prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid mu dosage 80L.
Described sterilization, including moise-heat sterilization, prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid disinfectant, are passed through 72 DEG C of steam, continue 6.2h, then will Prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid is sprayed into nursery soil, 1 ton of soil sprays 110L, and land used membrane cover lives to have sprayed the soil of prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid Earth, place 1 day at 42 DEG C.
Described soil fertilizer, including following mass parts raw material:Straw 110kg, tea seed 85kg parts, Pericarppium Armeniacae Amarum 70kg, walnut Blue or green shell 55kg, pumpkin seeds 35kg, inorganic salts 35kg, Tabasheer 25kg, leavening 12kg.
Described soil fertilizer, including following preparation process:
1) by straw 110kg, tea seed 85kg parts, Pericarppium Armeniacae Amarum 70kg, walnut green grass or young crops shell 55kg, pumpkin seeds 35kg, Tabasheer 25kg co-grindings, powder and plant extraction liquid in mass ratio 22:1 mixing, control powder moisture are placed at 32%, 52 DEG C 7.2h, obtains material 1, and wherein plant extraction liquid is aloe, pot marigold chopping mixing, 32 DEG C of hot-water soak 3.2h, 66 DEG C of heating extractions 4.5h, filtering, filtrate 1 is obtained, add the 0.5mol/L sodium hydroxide solutions of 1 times of mass of filtrate 1, stood 1.1h, filtering, obtain filtrate 2, both obtain plant extraction liquid;
2) will expect 1 and leavening mixing, 29 DEG C, fermentation 12.5h, fermentation material to be dried, obtains material 2;
3) 2 and 35kg of material inorganic salts are mixed, has both obtained soil fertilizer.
Described inorganic salts, it is the mass mixing bodies such as potassium dihydrogen phosphate, magnesium sulfate monohydrate.
It is described without leavening, be 2.2kg acetic acid bacterium solution, 1.2kg Bifidobacteriums liquid, wherein 1kg pectin enzyme mixations, vinegar Sour bacterium solution and Bifidobacterium liquid living bacteria count >=25,000,000,000/ml.
Described vernalization, comprise the following steps and seed is put into 32 DEG C of warm water immersion 22min, filtering, seed is immersed in 4 DEG C frozen water 16min, 1.2h in prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid is immersed in after drying seed, and taking-up is cleaned with clear water, after wrapped with wet cloth, put The vernalization at 21 DEG C, rinsed with clear water once spray growth-promoting media afterwards daily.
Described growth-promoting media, including following mass parts raw material:Foreign ivy extract solution 7kg, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 3.2kg, gibberellin 1.4kg, heteroauxin 0.6kg, clear water 2200kg, wherein foreign ivy extract solution, is to soak foreign ivy The 5.2h in the pH=6.5 aqueous solution is steeped, filters out medicinal material, the water of 2.2 times of medicinal material amounts is added, 57 DEG C of decoction 1.2h, filters, both .
Described prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid, include the raw material of following mass parts:800 times of 52kg Dipels wettable powder Liquid, 600 times of liquid of 32kg70% copper hydroxide wettable powders, 500 times of liquid of 22kg60% Mancozebs, 12kg5% UC 62644s breast Oily 1000 times of liquid.
Embodiment 3
A kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings, comprises the following steps:
1) canopy is built:Select physical features, ground difference is smaller, leeward draining is good on the sunny side, and it is convenient to irrigate, communications and transportation for flat slope Canopy is with being built in convenient soil, and greenhouse is opened to as north-south, long 80m, wide 16.4m, high 3.4m, and canopy spacing is 3.9m, steel skeleton Gap is 1.2m, be 1mm from thickness, white, anti-drip subtract mist film;
2) seedbed preparation:Take the soil texture excellent, no weeds seed, the field from which wheat has been reaped topsoil of non agricultural chemical residuum, as matrix Soil, substrate soil is sieved and cleaned, sterilized, substrate soil and soil fertilizer in mass ratio 14:1 mixing, nursery soil is obtained, nursery soil is loaded Nursery bowl, nursery bowl specification are diameter 8cm × high 8cm, and nursery bowl, which is put, embarks on journey, and each greenhouse puts 7 rows, line width 1.35m, from Canopy film side 44cm, line space 34cm;
3) nursery:Early April, every batch was a date of seeding every 9 days, and seed is carried out into screening rejects mould grain, flat grain, worm Presprouting of seeds is carried out after grain, is sowed when 20% seed germination, the nursery bowl for installing nursery soil is watered before sowing, after planting Evenly the thick fine earths of 0.9cm, watering, covering mulch film insulation, mu sowing 17g dry seedses are spread with dusting cover;
4) seedling management:
Temperature:After planting 8 days, temperature of shed daytime was 23 DEG C, at 16 DEG C of night, emerges and throws off mulch film immediately up to 30%, broadcast 13 days after kind, 20 DEG C of daytime, 14 DEG C of night, after planting 20 days, 23 DEG C of daytime, 14 DEG C of night, after planting 31 days, 20 DEG C of daytime, 13 DEG C of night;
Moisture:A water, each nursery bowl 1.3L were poured every 3 days;
Seedling separation:16 days after broadcasting, seedling grow to 4 leaves wholeheartedly when proceed by seedling separation, seedling separation the previous day, first seedling is poured it is permeable, Then transplant seedlings and be completely cured, restrain the growth of seedlings, so as to nurturing staff and Qi Miao, the sun-proof cooling of sunshade net is taken after seedling separation, while pour permeable, general children Seedling grows 33 days in greenhouse, and growth of seedling reaches 6 leaves wholeheartedly, both obtains planting stock;
Weeding:At after planting 2 days, cut weeds once, after planting 8 days, seedling grew into the weeding of the leaf of true leaf 1 wholeheartedly once, After planting 13 days, weeding was once;
Prevent and treat pest and disease damage:At after planting 2 days, sprinkling prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid 1 time, after planting 26 days, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is sprayed Liquid 1 time, each prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid mu dosage 85L.
Described sterilization, including moise-heat sterilization, prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid disinfectant, are passed through 74 DEG C of steam, continue 6.5h, then will Prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid is sprayed into nursery soil, 1 ton of soil sprays 130L, and land used membrane cover lives to have sprayed the soil of prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid Earth, place 1 day at 44 DEG C.
Described soil fertilizer, including following preparation process:
1) by straw 130kg, tea seed 100kg, Pericarppium Armeniacae Amarum 80kg, walnut green grass or young crops shell 60kg, pumpkin seeds 40kg, Tabasheer 35kg Co-grinding, powder and plant extraction liquid in mass ratio 26:1 mixing, control powder moisture are placed 7h, obtained at 36%, 56 DEG C Material 1, wherein plant extraction liquid are aloe, pot marigold chopping mixing, 36 DEG C of hot-water soaks 3h, 68 DEG C of heating extraction 6h, filtering, are obtained Filtrate 1, the 0.5mol/L sodium hydroxide solutions of 1 times of mass of filtrate 1 are added, stand 14h, filtering, obtain filtrate 2, both obtained plant and carried Take liquid;
2) will expect 1 and leavening mixing, 33 DEG C, fermentation 12.5h, fermentation material to be dried, obtains material 2;
3) 2 and 40kg of material inorganic salts are mixed, has both obtained soil fertilizer.
Described inorganic salts, it is potassium dihydrogen phosphate, magnesium sulfate monohydrate, cobaltous sulfate, Potassiumiodate and the medium matter of manganese sulfate monohydrate Measure mixture.
It is described without leavening, the acetic acid bacterium solution for being 2.6kg, 1.6kg Bifidobacteriums liquid, 1kg pectin enzyme mixations, wherein Acetic acid bacterium solution and Bifidobacterium liquid living bacteria count >=25,000,000,000/ml.
Described vernalization, comprise the following steps and seed is put into 36 DEG C of warm water immersion 26min, filtering, seed is immersed in 5 DEG C frozen water 18min, 2h in prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid is immersed in after drying seed, and taking-up is cleaned with clear water, after wrapped with wet cloth, be placed on Vernalization at 24 DEG C, rinsed with clear water once spray growth-promoting media afterwards daily.
Described growth-promoting media, including following mass parts raw material:Foreign ivy extract solution 7.8kg, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 3.6kg, gibberellin 2.5kg, heteroauxin 0.8kg, clear water 2800kg, wherein foreign ivy extract solution, is to soak foreign ivy The 5.6h in the pH=6.5 aqueous solution is steeped, filters out medicinal material, the water of 3 times of medicinal material amounts is added, 58 DEG C of decoction 2h, filtering, both obtained.
Described prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid, include the raw material of following mass parts:800 times of 58kg Dipels wettable powder Liquid, 70% copper hydroxide wettable powders of 38kg, 600 times of liquid, 500 times of liquid of 28kg60% Mancozebs, 18kg5% UC 62644s breast Oily 1000 times of liquid.
Embodiment 4
A kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings, comprises the following steps:
1) canopy is built:Select physical features, ground difference is smaller, leeward draining is good on the sunny side, and it is convenient to irrigate, communications and transportation for flat slope Canopy is with being built in convenient soil, and greenhouse is opened to as north-south, long 100m, wide 17m, high 4m, and canopy spacing is 4.5m, steel skeleton gap For 1.5m, from thickness be 1mm, white, anti-drip subtract mist film;
2) seedbed preparation:Take the soil texture excellent, no weeds seed, the field from which wheat has been reaped topsoil of non agricultural chemical residuum, as matrix Soil, substrate soil is sieved and cleaned, sterilized, substrate soil and soil fertilizer in mass ratio 20:1 mixing, nursery soil is obtained, nursery soil is loaded Nursery bowl, nursery bowl specification are diameter 8cm × high 8cm, and nursery bowl, which is put, embarks on journey, and each greenhouse puts 7 rows, line width 1.35m, from Canopy film side 50cm, line space 40cm;
3) nursery:Early April, every batch was a date of seeding every 7-10 days, and seed is carried out into screening rejects mould grain, flat Presprouting of seeds is carried out after grain, worm grain, is sowed when 20% seed germination, the nursery bowl for installing nursery soil waters before sowing, broadcast Equably the thick fine earths of 1cm, watering, covering mulch film insulation, mu sowing 20g dry seedses are spread after kind with dusting cover;
4) seedling management:
Temperature:After planting 10 days, temperature of shed daytime was 25 DEG C, at 16 DEG C of night, emerges and throws off mulch film immediately up to 30%, broadcast 17 days after kind, 23 DEG C of daytime, 13 DEG C of night, after planting 27 days, 25 DEG C of daytime, 16 DEG C of night, after planting 35 days, 23 DEG C of daytime, 12 DEG C of night;
Moisture:A water, each nursery bowl 1.5L were poured every 5 days;
Seedling separation:17 days after broadcasting, seedling grow to 4 leaves wholeheartedly when proceed by seedling separation, seedling separation the previous day, first seedling is poured it is permeable, Then transplant seedlings and be completely cured, restrain the growth of seedlings, so as to nurturing staff and Qi Miao, the sun-proof cooling of sunshade net is taken after seedling separation, while pour permeable, general children Seedling grows 35 days in greenhouse, and growth of seedling reaches 6 leaves wholeheartedly, both obtains planting stock;
Weeding:At after planting 3 days, cut weeds once, after planting 10 days, seedling grew into the weeding of the leaf of true leaf 1 wholeheartedly once, After planting 15 days, weeding was once;
Prevent and treat pest and disease damage:At after planting 2-3 days, sprinkling prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid 1 time, after planting 35 days, sprinkling pest and disease damage was prevented Control liquid 1 time, each prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid mu dosage 100L.
Further, described sterilization, including moise-heat sterilization, prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid disinfectant, are passed through 80 DEG C of steam, continue 7h, Prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid will be then sprayed into nursery soil, 1 ton of soil sprays 150L, and land used membrane cover lives to have sprayed prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid Soil, place 2 days at 50 DEG C.
Described soil fertilizer, including following preparation process:
1) by straw 150kg, tea seed 120kg, Pericarppium Armeniacae Amarum 110kg, walnut green grass or young crops shell 80kg, pumpkin seeds 60kg, Tabasheer 50kg co-grindings, powder and plant extraction liquid in mass ratio 30:1 mixing, control powder moisture are placed at 40%, 60 DEG C 8h, obtains material 1, and wherein plant extraction liquid is aloe, pot marigold chopping mixing, 40 DEG C of hot-water soak 4h, 70 DEG C of heating extraction 7h, mistake Filter, filtrate 1 is obtained, add the 0.5mol/L sodium hydroxide solutions of 1 times of mass of filtrate 1, stood 1.5h, filtering, obtain filtrate 2, both Plant extraction liquid;
2) 1 and 20kg of material leavenings are mixed, 28-35 DEG C, fermentation 12-14h, fermentation material is dried, obtains material 2;
3) 2 and 60kg of material inorganic salts are mixed, has both obtained soil fertilizer.
Described inorganic salts, it is the mass mixing bodies such as potassium dihydrogen phosphate, magnesium sulfate monohydrate, cobaltous sulfate.
It is described without leavening, be 3kg acetic acid bacterium solution, 2kg Bifidobacteriums liquid, wherein 1kg pectin enzyme mixations, acetic acid bacteria Liquid and Bifidobacterium liquid living bacteria count >=25,000,000,000/ml.
Described vernalization, comprise the following steps and seed is put into 40 DEG C of warm water immersion 30min, filtering, seed is immersed in 5 DEG C frozen water 20min, 2h in prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid is immersed in after drying seed, and taking-up is cleaned with clear water, after wrapped with wet cloth, be placed on Vernalization at 25 DEG C, rinsed with clear water once spray growth-promoting media afterwards daily.
Described growth-promoting media, including following mass parts raw material:Foreign ivy extract solution 8kg, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 4kg, gibberellin 3kg, heteroauxin 1kg, clear water 3000kg, wherein foreign ivy extract solution, is that foreign ivy is soaked in into pH 6h in=6.5 aqueous solution, medicinal material is filtered out, add the water of 3 times of medicinal material amounts, 60 DEG C of decoction 2h, filtering, both obtained.
Described prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid, include the raw material of following mass parts:800 times of 60kg Dipels wettable powder Liquid, 70% copper hydroxide wettable powders of 40kg, 600 times of liquid, 500 times of liquid of 30kg60% Mancozebs, the UC 62644s of 20kg 5% 1000 times of liquid of missible oil.
Embodiment 5
A kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings, comprises the following steps:
1) canopy is built:Select physical features, ground difference is smaller, leeward draining is good on the sunny side, and it is convenient to irrigate, communications and transportation for flat slope Canopy is with being built in convenient soil, and greenhouse is opened to as north-south, long 90m, wide 16.8m, high 3.8m, and canopy spacing is 4.2m, steel skeleton Gap is 1.5m, be 1mm from thickness, white, anti-drip subtract mist film;
2) seedbed preparation:Take the soil texture excellent, no weeds seed, the field from which wheat has been reaped topsoil of non agricultural chemical residuum, as matrix Soil, substrate soil is sieved and cleaned, sterilized, substrate soil and soil fertilizer in mass ratio 18:1 mixing, nursery soil is obtained, nursery soil is loaded Nursery bowl, nursery bowl specification are diameter 8cm × high 8cm, and nursery bowl, which is put, embarks on journey, and each greenhouse puts 7 rows, line width 1.35m, from Canopy film side 48cm, line space 38cm;
3) nursery:Early April, every batch was a date of seeding every 9 days, and seed is carried out into screening rejects mould grain, flat grain, worm Presprouting of seeds is carried out after grain, is sowed when 20% seed germination, the nursery bowl for installing nursery soil is watered before sowing, after planting Evenly the thick fine earths of 1cm, watering, covering mulch film insulation, mu sowing 18g dry seedses are spread with dusting cover;
4) seedling management:
Temperature:After planting 9 days, temperature of shed daytime was 24 DEG C, at 16 DEG C of night, emerges and throws off mulch film immediately up to 30%, broadcast 15 days after kind, 20 DEG C of daytime, 13 DEG C of night, after planting 24 days, 24 DEG C of daytime, 15 DEG C of night, after planting 30 days, 20 DEG C of daytime, 12 DEG C of night;
Moisture:A water, each nursery bowl 1.4L were poured every 4 days;
Seedling separation:16 days after broadcasting, seedling grow to 4 leaves wholeheartedly when proceed by seedling separation, seedling separation the previous day, first seedling is poured it is permeable, Then transplant seedlings and be completely cured, restrain the growth of seedlings, so as to nurturing staff and Qi Miao, the sun-proof cooling of sunshade net is taken after seedling separation, while pour permeable, general children Seedling grows 33 days in greenhouse, and growth of seedling reaches 6 leaves wholeheartedly, both obtains planting stock;
Weeding:At after planting 3 days, cut weeds once, after planting 10 days, seedling grew into the weeding of the leaf of true leaf 1 wholeheartedly once, After planting 14 days, weeding was once;
Prevent and treat pest and disease damage:At after planting 3 days, sprinkling prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid 1 time, after planting 30 days, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control is sprayed Liquid 1 time, each prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid mu dosage 90L.
Described sterilization, including moise-heat sterilization, prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid disinfectant, are passed through 78 DEG C of steam, continue 7h, then will be to Prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid is sprayed in nursery soil, 1 ton of soil sprays 140L, and land used membrane cover lives to have sprayed the soil of prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid, Placed 2 days at 48 DEG C.
Described soil fertilizer, including following preparation process:Straw 140kg, tea seed 110kg, Pericarppium Armeniacae Amarum 100kg, walnut are blue or green Shell 70kg, pumpkin seeds 50kg, Tabasheer 40kg, leavening 18kg mixing, it is 35% to control powder moisture, in 33 DEG C, fermentation 13h, fermentation material is dried, obtain material 2;
3) 2 and 50kg of material inorganic salts are mixed, has both obtained soil fertilizer.
Described inorganic salts, it is potassium dihydrogen phosphate, cobaltous sulfate, Potassiumiodate and manganese sulfate monohydrate mean quality mixed-powder.
It is described without leavening, the acetic acid bacterium solution for being 2.5kg, 1.8kg Bifidobacteriums liquid, 1kg pectin enzyme mixations, wherein Acetic acid bacterium solution and Bifidobacterium liquid living bacteria count >=25,000,000,000/ml.
Described vernalization, comprise the following steps and seed is put into 38 DEG C of warm water immersion 28min, filtering, seed is immersed in 5 DEG C frozen water 18min, 2h in prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid is immersed in after drying seed, and taking-up is cleaned with clear water, after wrapped with wet cloth, be placed on Vernalization at 24 DEG C, rinsed with clear water once spray growth-promoting media afterwards daily.
Described growth-promoting media, including following mass parts raw material:Disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 3.8kg, gibberellin 2.6kg, Yin Indolylbutyric acid 1kg, clear water 2800kg.
Described prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid, include the raw material of following mass parts:800 times of 58kg Dipels wettable powder Liquid, 70% copper hydroxide wettable powders of 38kg, 600 times of liquid, 60% Mancozebs of 28kg, 500 times of liquid, the UC 62644s of 18kg 5% 1000 times of liquid of missible oil.
Experimental example
1st, broccoli seedling viability study
, ground difference is smaller, leeward draining is good on the sunny side, and it is convenient to irrigate, communications and transportation for flat slope for 5 mu of selection physical features of selection Convenient soil, planted by embodiment 1-5 method, each embodiment plants 1 mu, respectively to 5 mu of ground broccoli seedling survival rates Statistics, as a result as shown in table 1.Soil fertilizer raw material is simply carried out fermentation process not by planting by embodiment 5 as can be seen from Table 1 The processing of thing extract solution, growth-promoting media do not add foreign ivy extract solution so that and percentage of seedgermination is low compared with embodiment 1-4, so that Broccoli seedling mu survival rate it is relatively low, rising trend is also slower.Thus illustrate, the soil fertilizer handled according to the present invention, particularly add The plant extraction liquid entered is especially effective to the nutritional ingredient for improving soil fertilizer, so as to meet the nutrition of broccoli seedling growth course Need.The foreign ivy extract solution that the present invention extracts is added in addition, in seed germination, in the growth-promoting media of sprinkling so that Obtain germination speed and germination percentage increases, wherein percentage of seedgermination adds 10-13.2%, so as to cause per mu yield to carry High ten thousand plants/acre of 1.8-2.5, seedling growth cycle accelerates 5-10 days.
The broccoli seedling survival rate statistical result of table 1

Claims (9)

1. a kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
1) canopy is built:Select physical features, ground difference is smaller, leeward draining is good on the sunny side, and it is convenient to irrigate, communications and transportation facility for flat slope Soil for building canopy, greenhouse is opened to as north-south;
2) seedbed preparation:Take the soil texture excellent, no weeds seed, the field from which wheat has been reaped topsoil of non agricultural chemical residuum is right as substrate soil Substrate soil sieving removal of impurities, sterilization, substrate soil and soil fertilizer 10-20 in mass ratio:1 mixing, nursery soil is obtained, nursery soil is loaded and educated Seedling bowl, is placed in greenhouse;
3) nursery:Seed is subjected to screening vernalization, sowed when 20% seed germination, the nursery bowl of nursery soil will be installed before sowing Watering, the thick fine earths of 0.8-1cm equably after planting are spread with dusting cover, then permeable, covering mulch film insulation, dry kind of mu sowing 15-20g Son;
4) seedling management.
2. broccoli method for culturing seedlings as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described sterilization, including moise-heat sterilization, disease pest Evil preventing and treating liquid disinfectant, is passed through 70-80 DEG C of steam, continues 6-7h, then to sprinkling prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid, 1 ton of matrix in substrate soil Soil sprinkling 100-150L, land used membrane cover are lived to have sprayed the soil of prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid, placed 1-2 days at 40-50 DEG C.
3. broccoli method for culturing seedlings as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described soil fertilizer, including following mass parts Raw material:Straw 100-150 parts, tea seed 80-120 parts, Pericarppium Armeniacae Amarum 60-110 parts, walnut green grass or young crops shell 50-80 parts, pumpkin seeds 30-60 parts, Inorganic salts 30-60 parts, Tabasheer 20-50, leavening 10-20 parts.
4. broccoli method for culturing seedlings as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that described soil fertilizer, including following prepare walk Suddenly:
1) straw, tea seed, Pericarppium Armeniacae Amarum, walnut green grass or young crops shell, pumpkin seeds, Tabasheer are crushed, powder and plant extraction liquid are in mass ratio 20-30:1 mixing, control powder moisture is in 30-40%, 50-60 DEG C, places 7-8h, obtains material 1, wherein plant extraction liquid is reed Luxuriant growth, pot marigold chopping mixing, 30-40 DEG C of water soak 3-4h, 65-70 DEG C of heating extraction 4-7h, filtering, obtain filtrate 1, add 1 times The sodium hydroxide solution of the mass of filtrate 1,1-1.5h is stood, filtering, obtains filtrate 2, both obtains plant extraction liquid;
2) will expect 1 and leavening mixing, 28-35 DEG C, fermentation 12-14h, fermentation material to be dried, obtains material 2;
3) 2 and inorganic salts mixing will be expected, both obtain soil fertilizer.
5. broccoli method for culturing seedlings as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that described inorganic salts, be potassium dihydrogen phosphate, one One or more in water magnesium sulfate, cobaltous sulfate, Potassiumiodate and manganese sulfate monohydrate.
6. broccoli method for culturing seedlings as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the no leavening, be 2-3 mass parts Acetic acid bacterium solution, 1-2 mass parts Bifidobacteriums liquid, 1 mass parts pectin enzyme mixation, wherein acetic acid bacterium solution and Bifidobacterium liquid are effective Viable count >=25,000,000,000/ml.
7. described broccoli method for culturing seedlings as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described vernalization, comprise the following steps: Seed is put into 30-40 DEG C of water immersion 20-30min, filtering, seed is immersed in 4-5 DEG C of water 15-20min, soaked after drying seed 1-2 h, taking-up are cleaned with clear water in prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid, after wrapped with wet cloth, be placed on vernalization at 20 DEG C -25 DEG C, daily use Clear water rinses once sprays growth-promoting media afterwards.
8. described broccoli method for culturing seedlings as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that described growth-promoting media, including following matter Measure part raw material:Foreign ivy extract solution 7-8 parts, disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate 3-4 parts, gibberellin 1-3 parts, heteroauxin 0.5-1 Part, clear water 2000-3000 parts, wherein foreign ivy extract solution, is that foreign ivy is soaked in into 5- in the pH=6.5 aqueous solution 6h, medicinal material is filtered out, add the water of 2-3 times of medicinal material amount, 55-60 DEG C of decoction 1-2h, filtering, both obtained.
9. described broccoli method for culturing seedlings as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that described prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control liquid, including The raw material of following mass parts:800 times of liquid of 50-60 part Dipels wettable powder, the Kocide SD wettable of 30-40 parts 70% 600 times of liquid of pulvis, 60% Mancozeb of 20-30 parts, 500 times of liquid, 10-20 parts 5% UC 62644 missible oil, 1000 times of liquid.
CN201710742872.9A 2017-08-25 2017-08-25 A kind of broccoli method for culturing seedlings Pending CN107624520A (en)

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Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103392488A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-20 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 Method for raising seedlings of broccoli by cutting
CN104335801A (en) * 2014-08-25 2015-02-11 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 Method for increasing seed production yield of sterile line of broccoli
CN106305375A (en) * 2015-06-17 2017-01-11 冒玉兰 Broccoli seedling cultivation medium
CN106538179A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-29 大丰市刘庄镇云溪居委会蔬菜种植专业技术协会 A kind of implantation methods of organic Herba Astragali Sinici
CN106613071A (en) * 2016-09-24 2017-05-10 安徽省拓谷平川农业综合开发有限公司 High-yield cultivation method for organic broccoli
CN107027466A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-08-11 吕强 It is a kind of to prevent and treat the method for culturing seedlings that broccoli sticks up pin seedling
CN107306654A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-11-03 习水福贵农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cauliflower

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103392488A (en) * 2013-08-13 2013-11-20 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 Method for raising seedlings of broccoli by cutting
CN104335801A (en) * 2014-08-25 2015-02-11 镇江瑞繁农艺有限公司 Method for increasing seed production yield of sterile line of broccoli
CN106305375A (en) * 2015-06-17 2017-01-11 冒玉兰 Broccoli seedling cultivation medium
CN106613071A (en) * 2016-09-24 2017-05-10 安徽省拓谷平川农业综合开发有限公司 High-yield cultivation method for organic broccoli
CN106538179A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-29 大丰市刘庄镇云溪居委会蔬菜种植专业技术协会 A kind of implantation methods of organic Herba Astragali Sinici
CN107027466A (en) * 2017-02-28 2017-08-11 吕强 It is a kind of to prevent and treat the method for culturing seedlings that broccoli sticks up pin seedling
CN107306654A (en) * 2017-08-15 2017-11-03 习水福贵农业发展有限公司 A kind of implantation methods of cauliflower

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Application publication date: 20180126