CN107618501A - Hybrid vehicle energy management method, terminal equipment, and server - Google Patents

Hybrid vehicle energy management method, terminal equipment, and server Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107618501A
CN107618501A CN 201610561671 CN201610561671A CN107618501A CN 107618501 A CN107618501 A CN 107618501A CN 201610561671 CN201610561671 CN 201610561671 CN 201610561671 A CN201610561671 A CN 201610561671A CN 107618501 A CN107618501 A CN 107618501A
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vehicle
predetermined
speed
road section
traveling
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CN 201610561671
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Chinese (zh)
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刘军
陈宇清
张虎
高帆
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联合汽车电子有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60WCONJOINT CONTROL OF VEHICLE SUB-UNITS OF DIFFERENT TYPE OR DIFFERENT FUNCTION; CONTROL SYSTEMS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR HYBRID VEHICLES; ROAD VEHICLE DRIVE CONTROL SYSTEMS FOR PURPOSES NOT RELATED TO THE CONTROL OF A PARTICULAR SUB-UNIT
    • B60W20/00Control systems specially adapted for hybrid vehicles
    • B60W20/10Controlling the power contribution of each of the prime movers to meet required power demand

Abstract

The invention provides a hybrid vehicle energy management method, terminal equipment and a server and a hybrid vehicle energy management system. An expected value of the vehicle speed at a predetermined time while driving in the predetermined section based on obtaining travel information within a predetermined time is obtained; the energy of the vehicle is distributed according to the expected value of the speed of the vehicle at a predetermined time while driving in the predetermined section of the road; planning the energy of the vehicle from a global perspective greatly improves the fuel efficiency of the vehicle and improves the fuel economy of the vehicle.

Description

混合动力交通工具能量管理方法、终端设备、服务器 Hybrid vehicle energy management method, a terminal device, the server

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及新能源汽车控制领域,尤其是一种混合动力交通工具能量管理方法、 终端设备、服务器以及混合动力交通工具能量管理系统。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of new energy automobile control, in particular for a hybrid vehicle energy management method, a terminal device, a server and a hybrid vehicle energy management system.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 混合动力汽车动力电池容量较大,可以用纯电模式行驶一定里程,在纯电模式下交通工具由电机驱动,消耗动力电池内储存的电能;当电池电量耗尽后再以混合动力模式(以发动机为主)继续行驶,交通工具到达目的地之后还可对交通工具进行外部充电。 [0002] The hybrid vehicle battery larger capacity and to be certain mileage pure electrical mode, the vehicle is driven by the electric-motor mode, the power consumption of the battery energy storage; when the battery runs out before the hybrid mode (the engine based) continues traveling, the vehicle may be externally charged on the vehicle after reaching the destination.

[0003] 然而,当前混合动力汽车的纯电模式行驶里程普遍偏低,以市场认可度较高的比亚迪秦为例,理论纯电行驶里程为70公里,但是随着交通工具的使用,电池损耗加剧,实际行驶里程通常达不到理论里程。 [0003] However, the current pure electric mode the hybrid vehicle mileage is generally low, with a high degree of market acceptance of BYD Qin, for example, the theory of pure electric range of 70 kilometers, but with the use of a vehicle, the battery loss aggravate the actual mileage usually can not reach the theoretical mileage. 如果是在夏天需要开空调或者冬天需要开暖气的情况下, 行驶里程将会更低。 If the case is required in the summer air conditioning or winter heating needs open, mileage will be lower. 但是,在中国,很多人上班的通勤里程往往都超过50公里,甚至更长。 However, in China, many people go to work commutes are often more than 50 kilometers, or even longer. 因此,很多混合动力汽车的车主会遇到不能使用纯电模式完成通勤里程,当交通工具使用一段时间后这种情况更会加剧。 Therefore, many hybrid car owners will not be encountered with pure electric mode complete commuter mileage, vehicle use after a period of time this will aggravate the situation.

[0004] 这种先消耗电池电能,等电池电能耗尽后再以以发动机为主的能量分配测量不能使混合动力交通工具的能量得到优化利用。 [0004] Such prior power consumption of the battery, other battery runs after the main engine in order to measure the energy distribution of the hybrid vehicle can not be energy optimized utilization.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明的目的在于提供一种混合动力交通工具能量管理方法及装置,以优化混合动力交通工具在上班族的通勤里程中的能量分配。 [0005] The object of the present invention is to provide a hybrid energy management method and apparatus for the vehicle, to optimize the hybrid vehicle commuters commutes in energy distribution.

[0006] 为了达到上述目的,本发明提供了一种混合动力交通工具能量管理方法,包括: [0006] To achieve the above object, the present invention provides a hybrid vehicle energy management method, comprising:

[0007] 获取并存储一交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息; [0007] acquire and store the information in a vehicle traveling a predetermined road section;

[0008] 根据一预定时间内所述交通工具的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值;以及 [0008] The acquisition time within a predetermined vehicle traveling information of the expected value of the predetermined time rate when traveling the predetermined road section in the vehicle; and

[0009] 根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 [0009] distribute the energy of said vehicle in accordance with a predetermined desired value of the time when driving the vehicle in a predetermined road speed.

[0010] 优选的,在上述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法中,对所述交通工具的能量进行分配的步骤包括: [0010] Preferably, in the above-described hybrid vehicle energy management method, said step of allocation of the energy of the vehicle comprising:

[0011] 根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力;以及 [0011] The expected value of acquiring a predetermined speed during traveling time at the predetermined road section the vehicle of the vehicle at the predetermined time to achieve a desired value of the power required speed; and

[0012] 根据所需要的动力获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩以对对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 [0012] Gets the vehicle for distribution of energy to the motor vehicle and the torque of the engine torque according to a predetermined time required for the power required.

[0013] 优选的,在上述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法中,采用动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 [0013] Preferably, in the above-described hybrid vehicle energy management method, a dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque of the vehicle at the predetermined required time.

[0014] 优选的,在上述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法中,所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度。 [0014] Preferably, in the above-described hybrid vehicle energy management method, the travel information comprises: a predetermined total length of the link and the speed of operation of the predetermined time when the predetermined road section in the vehicle.

[0015] 优选的,在上述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法中,将所述预定时间内的所有星期N的行驶信息存储于一第N数组中,并根据所述第N数据中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N=l,2,3,4,5,6或7。 [0015] Preferably, in the above-described hybrid vehicle energy management method, the predetermined information is stored with all the time in weeks N in a N-th array, and the N-th data in accordance with the vehicle operation of the predetermined time in the predetermined road section when the vehicle speed obtaining N-week operation of the predetermined time in the predetermined desired value the speed of road section, where, N = l, 2,3,4,5, 6 or 7.

[0016] 优选的,在上述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法中,所述预定时间大于等于14 天。 [0016] Preferably, in the above-described hybrid vehicle energy management method, the predetermined time is not less than 14 days.

[0017] 优选的,在上述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法中,所述混合动力交通工具为一插电式混合动力交通工具。 [0017] Preferably, in the above-described hybrid vehicle energy management method, the hybrid vehicle is a plug-in hybrid vehicle.

[0018] 优选的,在上述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法中,所述混合动力交通工具为一插电式混合动力车辆。 [0018] Preferably, in the above-described hybrid vehicle energy management method, the hybrid vehicle is a plug-in hybrid vehicle.

[0019] 本发明还提供了一种终端设备,放置于一交通工具中, [0019] The present invention further provides a terminal device placed in a vehicle,

[0020] 用于获取所述交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息,并将所述行驶信息发送至一服务器,所述服务器根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,再根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配以及将分配信息发送至所述终端设备,所述终端设备接收所述分配信息并发送至所述交通工具。 [0020] The vehicle for acquiring travel information in a predetermined road section and the travel information to a server, the server acquires the information in accordance with said predetermined time in said vehicle time value preset in the predetermined road section traveling speed, and then distribute the energy of said vehicle speed according to a desired value with a predetermined time when the predetermined road section in the vehicle and transmits the allocation information to the terminal apparatus, the terminal apparatus receives the assignment information and transmitted to the vehicle.

[0021] 优选的,在上述的终端设备中,所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配的过程包括: Process [0021] Preferably, in the aforementioned terminal apparatus, the server is assigned based on the expected value of the vehicle speed when traveling a predetermined time in the predetermined segment of the energy of the vehicle comprising:

[0022] 所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力;以及 [0022] According to the server to obtain a desired value of the predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section the vehicle speed of the vehicle at the predetermined time to achieve a desired value of the power required speed; and

[0023] 所述服务器根据所需要的动力获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩以对对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 [0023] The server acquires the vehicle for distribution of energy to the motor vehicle and the torque of the engine torque according to a predetermined time required for the power required.

[0024] 优选的,在上述的终端设备中,所述服务器采用动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 [0024] Preferably, in the aforementioned terminal apparatus, the server uses the dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque of the vehicle at the predetermined required time.

[0025] 优选的,在上述的终端设备中,所述终端设备获取的所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度。 [0025] Preferably, the above terminal device, the terminal device acquires traveling information comprising: a predetermined total length of the link and the speed of operation of the predetermined time when the predetermined road section in the vehicle.

[0026] 本发明还提供了一种服务器,所述服务器接收一终端设备获取的一交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息,根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,并根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配以及将分配信息发送至所述终端设备。 [0026] The present invention further provides a server that receives a terminal device in a vehicle traveling a predetermined road section information acquired, the acquired according to the vehicle traveling information within the predetermined time predetermined time value preset in the link travel speed, and distribution of energy of the vehicle in accordance with a desired value of the vehicle at predetermined time with the predetermined road section and speed information to the allocated terminal device.

[0027] 优选的,在上述的服务器中,所述终端设备获取的所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度。 [0027] Preferably, in the above-described server, the terminal device acquires traveling information comprising: a predetermined total length of the link and the speed of operation of the predetermined time when the predetermined road section in the vehicle.

[0028] 优选的,在上述的服务器中,所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配的过程包括: Process [0028] Preferably, in the above-described server, the server is assigned based on the expected value of the vehicle speed when traveling a predetermined time in the predetermined segment of the energy of the vehicle comprising:

[0029] 所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力;以及 [0029] According to the server to obtain a desired value of the predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section the vehicle speed of the vehicle at the predetermined time to achieve a desired value of the power required speed; and

[0030] 所述服务器根据所需要的动力获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩以对对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 [0030] The server acquires the vehicle for distribution of energy to the motor vehicle and the torque of the engine torque according to a predetermined time required for the power required.

[0031] 优选的,在上述的服务器中,所述服务器采用动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 [0031] Preferably, in the above-described server, the server uses the dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque of the vehicle at the predetermined required time.

[0032] 优选的,在上述的服务器中,所述服务器根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值的过程包括:将所述预定时间内的所有星期N的行驶信息存储于一第N数组中,并根据所述第N数据中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N= 1,2,3,4,5,6或7。 [0032] Preferably, in the above-described server, the server obtains a desired value of the predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section speed according to the vehicle traveling information within the predetermined time process comprises: the All the information stored weeks with N within a predetermined time, and a predetermined timing in the N-th array in accordance with the vehicle in the N-th data in the predetermined road section running when the vehicle speed obtaining N weeks value preset time when the predetermined road section running speed, where, N = 1,2,3,4,5,6, or 7.

[0033] 本发明更提供了一种混合动力交通工具能量管理系统,包括一终端设备以及一服务器, [0033] The present invention further provides a hybrid vehicle energy management system, comprising a server and a terminal device,

[0034] 所述终端设备用于获取一交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息,并将所述行驶信息发送至所述服务器; [0034] the terminal device is configured to obtain information on a vehicle traveling a predetermined road section and the travel information to the server;

[0035] 所述服务器根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,再根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配以及将分配信息发送至所述终端设备, 所述终端设备接收所述分配信息并发送至所述交通工具。 [0035] The server obtains a desired value of the predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section speed according to the vehicle traveling information within the predetermined time, then in accordance with said predetermined vehicle traveling the predetermined road section is the expected value of the time speed of the vehicle and the energy distribution allocation information to the terminal device, the terminal device receives the assignment information and transmitted to the vehicle.

[0036] 优选的,在上述的混合动力交通工具能量管理系统中,所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配的过程包括: [0036] Preferably, in the above-described hybrid vehicle energy management system, said server allocation in accordance with a desired value of the speed when traveling the predetermined road section at a predetermined timing the vehicle to an energy of the vehicle process includes:

[0037] 所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力;以及 [0037] According to the server to obtain a desired value of the predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section the vehicle speed of the vehicle at the predetermined time to achieve a desired value of the power required speed; and

[0038] 所述服务器根据所需要的动力获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩以对对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 [0038] The server acquires the vehicle for distribution of energy to the motor vehicle and the torque of the engine torque according to a predetermined time required for the power required.

[0039] 优选的,在上述的混合动力交通工具能量管理系统中,所述服务器采用动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 [0039] Preferably, in the above-described hybrid vehicle energy management system, the server uses the dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque of the vehicle at the predetermined required time.

[0040] 优选的,在上述的混合动力交通工具能量管理系统中,所述服务器根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值的过程包括:将所述预定时间内的所有星期N的行驶信息存储于一第N数组中,并根据所述第N数据中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N= 1,2,3,4,5,6或7。 [0040] Preferably, in the above-described hybrid vehicle energy management system, the server obtains the vehicle speed at a predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section in accordance with information of a desired value within the predetermined time the process comprising: obtaining all the information stored weeks with N within the predetermined time, and a predetermined timing in the N-th array in accordance with the vehicle in the N-th data in said predetermined operating speed when the road section timing a predetermined desired value of the vehicle speed N week run when the predetermined road section, where, N = 1,2,3,4,5,6, or 7.

[0041] 优选的,在上述的混合动力交通工具能量管理系统中,所述终端设备获取的所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度。 The total length of the predetermined road section, and the vehicle operating in the predetermined road section: [0041] Preferably, in the above-described hybrid vehicle energy management system, the terminal device acquires traveling information comprises predetermined time speed.

[0042] 优选的,在上述的混合动力交通工具能量管理系统中,所述预定时间大于等于14 天。 [0042] Preferably, in the above-described hybrid vehicle energy management system, the predetermined time is not less than 14 days.

[0043] 本发明还提供了一种终端设备,放置于一交通工具中,所述终端设备用于获取并存储所述交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息,并根据一预定时间内的所有行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,再根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配,并将分配信息发送至所述交通工具。 [0043] The present invention further provides a terminal device placed in a vehicle, the terminal device for obtaining and storing information of the traveling vehicle in a predetermined road section, and all within a predetermined time in accordance with travel information acquisition value preset time when the predetermined road section traveling speed of the vehicle, then the energy of the vehicle according to a predetermined desired value of the time when driving the vehicle in a predetermined road speed distribution and allocation information to the vehicle.

[0044] 优选的,在上述的终端设备中,所述终端设备对所述交通工具的能量进行分配的过程包括:所述终端设备根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值获取所述交通工具要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力,进而获取所述交通工具在该速度的期望值对应的时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩,并将该电机扭矩和发动机扭矩发送至所述交通工具。 [0044] Preferably, in the aforementioned terminal apparatus, the terminal apparatus allocated to the process energy vehicle comprising: the terminal device according to a predetermined timing when the vehicle traveling the predetermined road section obtaining a desired value for the vehicle speed to achieve a desired value of the power required for the velocity, and thus the motor torque and the engine torque obtaining the desired value of the vehicle speed at a time corresponding to the desired, and the motor torque and the engine torque transmitted to the vehicle.

[0045] 优选的,在上述的终端设备中,所述终端设备采用动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具的速度达到一速度的期望值时所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 [0045] Preferably, in the aforementioned terminal apparatus, the terminal apparatus using the dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque when the vehicle speed reaches a desired value a desired speed.

[0046] 优选的,在上述的终端设备中,所述终端设备采用随机动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具的速度达到一速度的期望值时所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 [0046] Preferably, in the aforementioned terminal apparatus, the terminal apparatus using the stochastic dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque when the vehicle speed reaches a desired value a desired speed.

[0047] 优选的,在上述的终端设备中,所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度。 [0047] Preferably, in the aforementioned terminal apparatus, the travel information comprises: a predetermined total length of the link and the speed of operation of the predetermined time when the predetermined road section in the vehicle.

[0048] 优选的,在上述的终端设备中,所述终端设备将所述预定时间内的所有星期N的行驶信息存储于一第N数组中,并根据所述第N数据中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N=l,2,3,4,5,6或7。 All information is stored with the N weeks in [0048] Preferably, in the above terminal device, the terminal device at a time the predetermined N-th array, according to the N-th data traffic a predetermined time in the predetermined road section running tool when said vehicle speed obtaining a desired value of the predetermined time N week run when the speed of the predetermined road section, where, N = l, 2,3,4,5,6 or 7.

[0049] 优选的,在上述的终端设备中,所述预定时间大于等于14天。 [0049] Preferably, in the aforementioned terminal apparatus, the predetermined time is not less than 14 days.

[0050] 在本发明提供的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法、终端设备、服务器以及混合动力交通工具能量管理系统中,根据获取一预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配,从全局的角度对交通工具的能量进行规划,极大的提高了交通工具的燃油利用率,提高了所述交通工具的燃油经济性。 [0050] In the hybrid vehicle of the present invention provides an energy management method, a terminal device, a server and a hybrid vehicle energy management system, obtaining travel information within a predetermined time is acquired according to the vehicle in the predetermined road section timing a predetermined speed during traveling desired value, the allocation of energy in accordance with the vehicle speed desired value predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section in the vehicle, the vehicle planning of energy from the overall perspective, greatly improves the vehicle's fuel efficiency, improved fuel economy of the vehicle.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0051] 图1为本发明实施例一中混合动力交通工具能量管理方法的流程图; [0051] The flowchart in FIG. 1 a hybrid vehicle energy management method of the embodiment of the present invention;

[0052] 图2为本发明实施例一中混合动力交通工具能量管理系统的结构示意图; [0052] In FIG 2 a schematic structural diagram of embodiment hybrid vehicle energy management system embodiment of the present invention;

[0053] 图3为本发明实施例二中混合动力交通工具能量管理方法的流程图。 [0053] Second embodiment FIG. 3 flowchart hybrid vehicle energy management method of the embodiment of the present invention.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0054] 下面将结合示意图对本发明的具体实施方式进行更详细的描述。 [0054] below with reference to a schematic view of the embodiment of the present invention will be described in more detail. 根据下列描述和权利要求书,本发明的优点和特征将更清楚。 The following description and the appended claims, features and advantages of the present invention will be apparent. 需说明的是,附图均采用非常简化的形式且均使用非精准的比例,仅用以方便、明晰地辅助说明本发明实施例的目的。 It should be noted that the drawings are used in a very simplified form and are using a non-precise proportion, only to facilitate, assist clarity purpose of illustrating an embodiment of the present invention.

[0055] 实施例一 [0055] Example a

[0056] 本实施例提供了一种混合动力交通工具能量管理方法,如图1所示,以实现混合动力交通工具的能量优化分配,具体的,包括以下步骤。 [0056] The present embodiment provides a hybrid vehicle energy management method, shown in Figure 1, to implement the hybrid vehicle energy distribution optimization, specifically, includes the following steps.

[0057] 步骤Sll:获取并存储一交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息。 [0057] Step Sll: acquiring and storing the information in a vehicle traveling a predetermined road section.

[0058] 在本实施例中,所述混合动力交通工具为一插电式混合动力交通工具,进一步的, 为一插电式混合动力车辆。 [0058] In the present embodiment, the hybrid vehicle is a plug-in hybrid vehicle, further, as a plug-in hybrid vehicle.

[0059] 所述交通工具上放置有一终端设备,所述终端设备获取所述交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息。 [0059] The apparatus is placed a terminal, the terminal device acquires traveling information of the vehicle in a predetermined road section on the vehicle. 所述预定路段例如是通勤人员在通勤过程中驾驶所述交通工具所行经的固定路段,因此所述预定路段的里程数是固定的。 The predetermined road section, for example, fixed commuters driving road traveled by the vehicle during the commute, so the predetermined mileage segment are fixed. 一般的,通勤人员驾驶所述交通工具行驶的固定路段包括:从所述通勤人员的居住地点到工作地点之间的路段,以及所述通勤人员的工作地点到居住地点之间的路段。 In general, commuters driving the vehicle with a fixed link comprising: a link between the place of residence of the commute from person to work place, and the place of work to commuters link between residence. 当然,所述预定路段也可以是其它经常行驶的路段,譬如外出购物等经常行驶的路段。 Of course, the predetermined road section may also be of other regular road driving, such as driving out shopping and the like are often sections.

[0060]所述终端设备将获取的所述行驶信息发送至一服务器。 The [0060] the terminal device with the acquired information to a server. 所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度。 The travel information includes: a predetermined section of the total length and a predetermined time when the predetermined road section traveling speed of the vehicle. 所述终端设备获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的实时速度,并将该实时速度存储于事实存储单元上。 The terminal apparatus acquires the real vehicle speed is the predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section, and the fact that the real speed is stored on the storage unit. 所述预定时刻为所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶的任意时刻。 The predetermined time is any time the vehicle travels the predetermined road section. [0061 ]步骤S12:获取一预定时间内的所述交通工具的所有行驶信息,并据此获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值。 [0061] Step S12: get all the information with a predetermined time within a vehicle, and accordingly obtain a desired value of the predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section in the vehicle speed.

[0062] 考虑到所述预定路段在工作日和双休日的拥堵程度不同,所述预定时间大于等于14天,从而根据步骤Sl中获取的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的实时速度而获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值。 [0062] In view of the predetermined road section on weekdays and weekends different level of congestion, the predetermined time is not less than 14 days, so that according to step Sl acquired in the vehicle traveling the predetermined road section in a predetermined time acquiring real-time speed value preset time when the predetermined road section traveling speed of the vehicle.

[0063] 所述终端设备获取所述预定时间内所述交通工具的行驶信息,并将所述预定时间内的行驶信息发送至所述服务器,所述服务器存储这些行驶信息,再对存储的所述预定时间内的行驶信息进行处理。 [0063] the terminal device acquires the predetermined time of the vehicle travel information, travel information within the predetermined time and sent to the server, the server stores the travel information, and then stored in the said travel information is processed within a predetermined time. 具体的处理过程如下所述。 The specific process is as follows.

[0064] 首先,所述服务器对所述预定时间内的所有行驶信息进行分类。 [0064] First, the server with all the information within the predetermined time classification. 所述预定时间大于等于14天,例如,可以为30天,也可以是100天,还可以更长,以提高所述交通工具在所述预定路段中预定时刻的速度的期望值的准确性。 The predetermined time is not less than 14 days, for example, 30 days, 100 days may be, may be longer to improve the accuracy of the vehicle in the predetermined time in the predetermined road section speed desired value. 在本实施例中,所述预定时间可以设置为3 个月,将所述预定时间内(即3个月内)的所有行驶信息按照星期来分组。 In the present embodiment, the predetermined time may be set to three months, to within the predetermined time (i.e., within three months) with all the information in the packet weeks. 即,将所述预定时间内的所有星期N的行驶信息存储于一第N数组中,并根据所述第N数据中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N= 1,2,3,4,5,6或7。 That is, all N of the week within the predetermined time with information stored in an N-th array and operating in the predetermined time when the predetermined road section based on the vehicle in the N-th data acquired by the speed said vehicle at a desired value of said predetermined N weeks predetermined operation time when the link speed, where, N = 1,2,3,4,5,6, or 7. 具体而言,将3个月内所有星期一的行驶信息分为一类,存储于一第一数组中,将3个月没所有星期二的行驶信息分为一类, 并存储于一第二数组中。 Specifically, all Mondays travel information within three months divided into a class, in a first storage array, three months Tuesday not all travel information into a class, and stored in a second array in. 同样,将3个月内所有星期三的行驶信息分为一类,存储于一第三数组中,将3个月内所有星期四的行驶信息分为一类,并存储于一第四数组中,将3个月内所有星期五的行驶信息分为一类,并存储于一第五数组中,将3个月内所有星期六的行驶信息分为一类,并存储于一第六数组中,将3个月内所有星期天的行驶信息分为一类,并存储于一第七数数组中。 Similarly, all driving information Wednesday within three months divided into a class, stored in a third array, all of Thursday's travel information within three months divided into a class, and a fourth store in the array, the within three months on Friday, driving all the information into a class, and stored in a fifth array, all of Saturday with the information within three months divided into a class, and stored in a sixth array, the 3 Sunday of the month all travel information into a class, and stored in a seventh number array.

[0065] 然后,所述服务器根据所述第N数组中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时该预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N=l,2,3,4,5,6或7。 [0065] Then, the server operating in the predetermined time in the predetermined road section based on the vehicle when the N-th array acquires the speed of the vehicle at a predetermined time and day of the N predetermined road section running time speed desired value, where, N = l, 2,3,4,5,6 or 7.

[0066] 例如,以星期一的数据为例,由于本实施例中所述预定时间为3个月,因此,在所述第一数组中,对于所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时某一预定时刻有12个速度值,例如,对于第2时刻,就有12个速度值,然后采用统计学计算方法获取这12个数据的期望值作为该第2时刻的速度的期望值,并将该速度的期望值存储于所述第一数组中。 [0066] For example, the data on Monday, for example, therefore, operating in the predetermined road section in said first array with respect to the vehicle because in the present embodiment, the predetermined time is three months, when timing a predetermined speed value 12, e.g., for a second time, there is a velocity value 12, then statistical calculations using this method to obtain a desired value as the expected value data 12 of the second speed time, and the expected value stored in the speed of the first array.

[0067] 步骤S13:根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 [0067] Step S13: distribute the energy of the vehicle in accordance with a desired value of the vehicle at the predetermined time with the predetermined road section speed.

[0068] 首先,所述交通工具获取一定速度是由其电机或发动机为其提供动力才能实现, 为了达到一定的速度,所述交通工具的电机或发动机必须为其提供与该速度想对应的动力才可以。 [0068] First, the vehicle is acquired at a constant speed by a motor or engine for providing power can be achieved, in order to achieve a certain speed, the vehicle engine must be provided with a motor or the like with the power corresponding to the speed can. 因此,根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值可以获取所述交通工具要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力,也就是说,所述服务器获取与所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值所匹配的动力。 Thus, in accordance with a desired value of the speed when traveling the predetermined road section at a predetermined timing the vehicle can get the vehicle to achieve a desired value of the speed of the power required, that is to say, the server acquires the traffic timing a predetermined speed during traveling the predetermined road section that matches the expected value the power tool.

[0069] 然后,所述服务器采用动态规划法或随机动态规划法对所述交通工具的电机和发动机进行规划,即对与所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值所匹配的动力在所述交通工具的电机和发动机之间进行分配。 [0069] Then, the server uses a dynamic programming method or the stochastic dynamic programming method and a motor vehicle engine planning, i.e. the desired value for a predetermined time during running of the vehicle in the predetermined road section speed matched power is distributed between the motor vehicle and the engine.

[0070] 具体而言,接上例,仍一第一数组为例,首先对所述第一数组中的存储的预定时刻的速度的期望值进行采样处理,采样周期可以设置为ls,当然,为了提高精确度,还可以将所述采样周期设置为小于1秒,例如为0.5秒等。 [0070] Specifically, the connected cases, still as an example a first array, the first predetermined time rate expectations the first array stored sampling process, the sampling period can be set as LS, of course, to improve accuracy, the sampling period may also be set to less than 1 second, for example, 0.5 seconds or the like. 然后采用逆向动态求解的方法从最后一时刻向前递推,并确定每一步系统的状态和控制律。 Dynamic then solved using forward backward recursion from the last time, and determine the status and control law system for each step. 在本实施例中,将所述交通工具电池的SOC(StateofCharge,,荷电状态)作为系统的状态,将所述交通工具电机的扭矩作为状态转移的控制律u(i),所述交通工具电池的SOC在第i时刻到下一时刻的递推关系如下所示: In the present embodiment, the SOC (StateofCharge ,, state of charge) of the vehicle battery as a state of the system, the torque of the motor vehicle as the control law u (i) state transition of the vehicle SOC of the battery at the time point i to the next recursion relation in time as follows:

Figure CN107618501AD00101

[0072] 其中,Qbatt动力电池容量,Rbatt为动力电池内阻,Voc为动力电池开路电压,Pe为电机功率,ί = 1,···Μ,Μ为所述第N数组中对所有时刻的速度的期望值进行采样的个数。 [0072] wherein, Qbatt battery capacity, Rbatt internal resistance of battery, Voc is the open circuit voltage of the battery power, Pe is the power of the motor, ί = 1, ··· Μ, Μ said N-th array for all time expectation velocity sampling number.

[0073] 由第i时刻所述控制律u (i)以及所述第i时刻电池SOC的状态SOC (i)所确定的状态转移方程如下所示: [0073] The transformation equation of time by the control law of U i (i) at time i and the SOC of the battery SOC state (i) is determined as follows:

Figure CN107618501AD00102

[0075] 其中,FueI (i)为第i时刻所需要消耗的燃油量,i = 1,- ·Μ,M为所述第N数组中对预定时刻的速度的期望值进行采样的个数。 [0075] wherein, FueI (i) at time i is the amount of fuel consumed, i = 1, - · Μ, M N to the second array, and the number of samples of a desired value of the speed of a predetermined time.

[0076] 所述控制律u( i)以及当前时刻电池SOC的状态S0C( i)需要满足的条件是使得所述交通工具的等效油耗最小,具体如下式: [0076] The control law u (i) the current time and the conditions of the battery SOC state S0C (i) The requirement is equivalent to minimize the fuel consumption of the vehicle, particularly the following formula:

Figure CN107618501AD00103

[0078] 其中,J为目标函数,即当所述目标函数J的值最小时,所述交通工具的等效消耗最小,所述交通工具的等效油耗包括所述交通工具发动机的油耗以及所述交通工具电机的等效油耗。 [0078] wherein, J is the objective function, i.e., when the value of the minimum of the objective function J, the equivalent consumption of the vehicle the minimum, equivalent to the vehicle fuel consumption of the vehicle including the engine and the said motor vehicle fuel equivalent. 结合式1和式3即可获取所述交通工具电机在第i时刻的扭矩,然后,再结合与所述交通工具在第i时刻的速度的期望值所匹配的动力,即可获取所述交通工具发动机在第i时刻的扭矩,从而实现对与所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时第i时刻的速度的期望值所匹配的动力在所述交通工具的电机和发动机之间进行分配。 Formula 1 and Formula 3 in combination to obtain the torque of the motor vehicle at the time i, then, combined power and speed of the vehicle at a desired value at time i being matched, to obtain the vehicle the engine torque at time i, in order to achieve a desired value of the power and speed of the vehicle traveling the predetermined road section at the time of the i-th matching partitioned between the engine and the motor vehicle.

[0079] 步骤S14:将所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩发送至所述交通工具。 [0079] Step S14: the motor vehicle and the engine torque estimated time required to transmit the torque of the vehicle when traveling the predetermined road section.

[0080] 具体而言,所述服务器将所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩发送至所述终端设备,所述终端设备将对所述交通工具的能量的分配信息发送至所述交通工具,由所述交通工具的主控单元控制所述交通工具的电机和发动机,使得所述交通工具的电机和发动机提供各自需要提供的扭矩。 [0080] Specifically, the server sends the vehicle a predetermined time required motor torque and the engine torque transmitted to the terminal device with the predetermined road section, the terminal device of the vehicle will the energy allocation information is transmitted to the vehicle, the main control unit controls the vehicle by the vehicle engine and the motor so that the motor vehicle and a respective engine providing torque to be provided.

[0081] 进一步的,所述行驶信息还包括所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行预定位置时的速度以及所述预定路段中预定位置的海拔高度信息,在本发明的另一实施例中,所述终端设备将所述行驶信息发送至服务器后,所述服务器还可以根据所述行驶信息中包括的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行预定位置时的速度,得到所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行到预定位置时的速度的期望值,然后根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行到预定位置时的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配,具体的分配方法与上述实施例中预定时刻的速度的期望值所对应的能量分配方法相同,在此不再赘述。 [0081] Further, the traveling speed information further comprises a predetermined operating position in the predetermined road section the vehicle altitude information and the predetermined position of the predetermined road section, in another embodiment of the present invention, after the speed of the terminal device with the information to the server, the server may also run at a predetermined position in the predetermined road section based on the vehicle with the information included in the vehicle to obtain the operating in the predetermined road section to a desired value when a predetermined speed position, and then distribute the energy of the vehicle according to the vehicle running speed at a predetermined position in the predetermined road section in a desired value, the specific allocation the same manner as the embodiment described above the expected value of the predetermined time corresponding to the speed of the energy distribution method, not described herein again.

[0082] 在本发明的又一实施例中,还可以根据所述行驶信息中包含的所述预定路段中预定位置的海拔高度信息,使得在计算预定位置的速度的期望值所对应的能量分配时考虑到道路坡度的影响,以提高精确度。 When the [0082] embodiment, also according to the altitude information of a predetermined height with the road section information included in the predetermined position, so that the energy expectation value is calculated in a predetermined position corresponding to the velocity distribution in a further embodiment of the present invention considering the impact of the road slope to improve accuracy.

[0083] 在本实施例中,所述终端设备包括移动终端,例如常用的手机或者能够与服务器进行数据传输的其他移动终端,同时还可以通过所述移动终端的显示屏看到所述交通工具的各种状态数据。 [0083] In the present embodiment, the terminal comprises a mobile terminal apparatus, such as conventional mobile phones or other mobile terminal capable of data transmission with the server, but also can be seen through the display screen of the mobile terminal of the vehicle various status data. 所述服务器包括一云计算平台。 The server includes a cloud computing platform.

[0084] 本发明实施例还提供了一种终端设备,所述终端设备用于获取所述交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息,并将所述行驶信息发送至一服务器,所述服务器根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,再根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配以及将分配信息发送至所述终端设备,所述终端设备接收所述分配信息并发送至所述交通工具。 [0084] Embodiments of the present invention further provides a terminal device, the terminal device is configured to obtain the vehicle in a predetermined road section running information and the running information to a server, the server according to the information in the predetermined travel time to acquire a desired value at predetermined time rate when the vehicle travels the predetermined road section, then the predetermined desired value of the time of their speed when traveling the predetermined road section based on the vehicle said energy of the vehicle and assigning allocation information to the terminal device, the terminal device receives the assignment information and transmitted to the vehicle.

[0085] 其中,所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力,并根据所需要的动力获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩以对对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 [0085] wherein said predetermined server according to the time when the speed of the vehicle traveling the predetermined road section acquires the desired value of the vehicle at a predetermined time to achieve a desired value of the power required speed, and in accordance with the obtaining power requirements of the vehicle at the predetermined time required for the engine torque and motor torque for distribution of energy to the vehicle.

[0086] 进一步的,所述服务器采用动态规划算法或随机动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 [0086] Further, the server uses a dynamic programming algorithm or stochastic dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque of the vehicle at the predetermined required time.

[0087] 本发明实施例又提供了一种服务器,所述服务器接收一终端设备获取的一交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息,根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,并根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配以及将分配信息发送至所述终端设备。 [0087] Embodiments of the present invention further provides a server, the server receives information on a vehicle traveling a predetermined road section acquired by the terminal apparatus acquires the traveling information of the vehicle according to said predetermined time within the the predetermined desired value of the speed when the predetermined road section traveling time, and a predetermined desired value of the speed of the timing when the predetermined road section traveling vehicle according to the allocation of the vehicle and the energy allocation information to the said terminal device.

[0088] 其中,所述终端设备获取的所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度。 [0088] wherein the terminal device acquires traveling information comprising: a predetermined total length of the link and the speed of operation of the predetermined time when the predetermined road section in the vehicle.

[0089] 所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力,并根据所需要的动力获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩以对对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 [0089] The server obtains the vehicle at the predetermined time to achieve a desired value of the speed of the power required according to the desired value of the speed when traveling the predetermined road section at a predetermined timing the vehicle, and according to the required the vehicle power acquired for distribution of energy to the torque of the motor vehicle in the predetermined timing and an engine torque required.

[0090] 进一步的,所述服务器采用动态规划算法或随机动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 [0090] Further, the server uses a dynamic programming algorithm or stochastic dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque of the vehicle at the predetermined required time.

[0091] 所述服务器根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值的过程包括:将所述预定时间内的所有星期N的行驶信息存储于一第N数组中,并根据所述第N数据中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N=l,2,3,4,5,6或7。 [0091] The server obtains a desired value of the predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section speed according to the vehicle traveling information within the predetermined time process comprising: all the week within the predetermined travel time N information storage, and a predetermined timing in the N-th array in accordance with the vehicle in the N-th data link operating at said predetermined speed when the vehicle is acquired when a predetermined N-week run in the predetermined road section expected value of the time rate, where, N = l, 2,3,4,5,6 or 7.

[0092] 本发明实施例更提供了一种混合动力交通工具能量管理系统,如图2所示,包括一终端设备101和一服务器102。 Example [0092] The present invention further provides a hybrid vehicle energy management system, as shown in FIG. 2, comprises a terminal device 101 and a server 102. 所述终端设备101放置于一交通工具103中,用于获取所述交通工具103在一预定路段中的行驶信息,并将所述行驶信息发送至所述服务器102,所述服务器102根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具103在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,再根据所述交通工具103在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具103的能量进行分配以及将分配信息发送至所述终端设备101,所述终端设备101接收所述分配信息并发送至所述交通工具103。 The terminal device 101 is placed in a vehicle 103, the vehicle 103 is configured to obtain information with a predetermined road section and the travel information to the server 102, the server 102 according to the travel information acquired within a predetermined time a predetermined desired value of the speed of travel time 103 when the predetermined road section in the vehicle, and then the predetermined desired value of the time when the speed of travel in the predetermined road section 103 in the vehicle according to the said vehicle 103 and energy allocation information to assign the terminal apparatus 101, the terminal device 101 receives the assignment information and transmitted to the vehicle 103.

[0093] 该系统对所述混合动力交通工具的能量进行管理的具体实现方法如上所述,在此不再赘述。 [0093] The system of the hybrid vehicle energy management specific implementation method described above, are not repeated here.

[0094] 实施例二 [0094] Second Embodiment

[0095] 本实施例提供了一种混合动力交通工具能量管理方法,如图3所示,以实现混合动力交通工具的能量优化分配,具体的,包括以下步骤。 [0095] The present embodiment provides a hybrid vehicle energy management method, shown in Figure 3, in order to realize the energy of the hybrid vehicle optimal allocation, particularly, comprises the following steps.

[0096] 步骤S21:获取并存储一交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息。 [0096] Step S21: acquiring and storing the information in a vehicle traveling a predetermined road section.

[0097] 在本实施例中,所述混合动力交通工具为一插电式混合动力交通工具,进一步的, 为一插电式混合动力车辆。 [0097] In the present embodiment, the hybrid vehicle is a plug-in hybrid vehicle, further, as a plug-in hybrid vehicle.

[0098] 所述交通工具上放置有一终端设备,所述终端设备获取所述交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息。 [0098] The apparatus is placed a terminal, the terminal device acquires traveling information of the vehicle in a predetermined road section on the vehicle. 所述预定路段例如是通勤人员在通勤过程中驾驶所述交通工具所行经的固定路段,因此所述预定路段的里程数是固定的。 The predetermined road section, for example, fixed commuters driving road traveled by the vehicle during the commute, so the predetermined mileage segment are fixed. 一般的,通勤人员驾驶所述交通工具行驶的固定路段包括:从所述通勤人员的居住地点到工作地点之间的路段,以及所述通勤人员的工作地点到居住地点之间的路段。 In general, commuters driving the vehicle with a fixed link comprising: a link between the place of residence of the commute from person to work place, and the place of work to commuters link between residence. 当然,所述预定路段也可以是其它经常行驶的路段,譬如外出购物等经常行驶的路段。 Of course, the predetermined road section may also be of other regular road driving, such as driving out shopping and the like are often sections.

[0099] 所述终端设备具有存储单元,以存储其获取的所述交通工具的行驶信息。 [0099] The terminal device has a storage means to store that acquires travel information of the vehicle. 所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度。 The travel information includes: a predetermined section of the total length and a predetermined time when the predetermined road section traveling speed of the vehicle. 所述终端设备获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的实时速度, 并将该实时速度存储于事实存储单元上。 The terminal apparatus acquires the real vehicle speed is the predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section, and the fact that the real speed is stored on the storage unit.

[0100] 步骤S22:获取一预定时间内的所述交通工具的行驶信息,并据此获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值。 [0100] Step S22: acquiring the time within a predetermined vehicle traveling information, and accordingly obtain a desired value of the predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section in the vehicle speed.

[0101 ]考虑到所述预定路段在工作日和双休日的拥堵程度不同,所述预定时间大于等于14天,从而根据步骤Sl中获取的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的实时速度而获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值。 [0101] In view of the predetermined road section on weekdays and weekends different level of congestion, the predetermined time is not less than 14 days, so that according to step Sl acquired in the vehicle traveling the predetermined road section in a predetermined time acquiring real-time speed value preset time when the predetermined road section traveling speed of the vehicle.

[0102] 所述终端设备获取所述预定时间内所述交通工具的行驶信息,并对这些行驶信息进行处理。 The [0102] the terminal device acquires the predetermined time of the vehicle traveling information, travel information and the process performed.

[0103] 首先,所述终端设备对所述预定时间内的所有行驶信息进行分类。 [0103] First, the terminal device with all information within the predetermined time classification. 所述预定时间大于等于14天,例如,可以为30天,也可以是100天,还可以更长,以提高所述交通工具在所述预定路段中预定时刻的速度的期望值的准确性。 The predetermined time is not less than 14 days, for example, 30 days, 100 days may be, may be longer to improve the accuracy of the vehicle in the predetermined time in the predetermined road section speed desired value. 在本实施例中,所述预定时间可以设置为3个月,将所述预定时间内(S卩3个月内)的所有行驶信息按照星期来分组。 In the present embodiment, the predetermined time may be set to three months, to within the predetermined time (S Jie 3 months) with all the information in the packet weeks. 即,将所述预定时间内的所有星期N的行驶信息存储于一第N数组中,并根据所述第N数据中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N= 1,2,3,4,5,6或7。 That is, all N of the week within the predetermined time with information stored in an N-th array and operating in the predetermined time when the predetermined road section based on the vehicle in the N-th data acquired by the speed said vehicle at a desired value of said predetermined N weeks predetermined operation time when the link speed, where, N = 1,2,3,4,5,6, or 7. 具体而言,将3个月内所有星期一的行驶信息分为一类,存储于一第一数组中,将3个月没所有星期二的行驶信息分为一类,并存储于一第二数组中。 Specifically, all Mondays travel information within three months divided into a class, in a first storage array, three months on Tuesday, did not all travel information into a class, and stored in a second array in. 同样,将3个月内所有星期三的行驶信息分为一类,存储于一第三数组中,将3个月内所有星期四的行驶信息分为一类,并存储于一第四数组中,将3个月内所有星期五的行驶信息分为一类,并存储于一第五数组中,将3个月内所有星期六的行驶信息分为一类,并存储于一第六数组中,将3个月内所有星期天的行驶信息分为一类,并存储于一第七数数组中。 Similarly, all driving information Wednesday within three months divided into a class, stored in a third array, all of Thursday's travel information within three months divided into a class, and a fourth store in the array, the within three months on Friday, driving all the information into a class, and stored in a fifth array, all of Saturday with the information within three months divided into a class, and stored in a sixth array, the 3 Sunday of the month all travel information into a class, and stored in a seventh number array.

[0104] 然后,根据所述第N数组中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N =1,2,3,4,5,6或7〇 [0104] Then, a predetermined running time in said predetermined road section based on the vehicle when the N-th array acquires the vehicle speed a predetermined time in the operating speed N weeks predetermined road section at a desired value where, N = 1,2,3,4,5,6 or 7〇

[0105] 例如,以星期一的数据为例,由于本实施例中所述预定时间为3个月,因此,在所述第一数组中,对于所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻有12个速度值,例如,对于第2时刻,就有12个速度值,然后采用统计学计算方法获取这12个数据的期望值作为该第2时刻的速度的期望值,并将该速度的期望值存储于所述第一数组中。 [0105] For example, the data on Monday for example, therefore, operating in the predetermined road section in said first array with respect to the vehicle because in the present embodiment, the predetermined time is three months, when a predetermined speed value has 12 time, e.g., for a second time, there is a velocity value 12, then statistical calculations using this method to obtain a desired value as the expected value data 12 of the second speed time, and the speed expected value stored in the first array.

[0106] 步骤S23:所述终端设备根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 [0106] Step S23: the terminal device assigned to the vehicle according to the energy value preset time when traveling the predetermined road section in the vehicle speed.

[0107] 首先,所述交通工具获取一定速度是由其电机或发动机为其提供动力才能实现, 为了达到一定的速度,所述交通工具的电机或发动机必须为其提供与该速度想对应的动力才可以。 [0107] First, the vehicle is acquired at a constant speed by a motor or engine for providing power can be achieved, in order to achieve a certain speed, the vehicle engine must be provided with a motor or the like with the power corresponding to the speed can. 因此,所述终端设备根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值可以获取所述交通工具要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力,也就是说,所述终端设备获取与所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值所匹配的动力。 Thus, the terminal device may acquire a desired value according to the speed when traveling the predetermined road section in a predetermined timing the vehicle to the vehicle speed reaches the desired value of the power required, that is, the terminal device Get power and speed desired value predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section matched to the vehicle.

[0108] 然后,所述终端设备采用动态规划法或随机动态规划法对所述交通工具的电机和发动机进行规划,即对与所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值所匹配的动力在所述交通工具的电机和发动机之间进行分配。 [0108] Then, the terminal device using the dynamic programming method or the stochastic dynamic programming method and a motor vehicle engine planning, i.e. the timing when the predetermined running speed of the vehicle in the predetermined road section dynamic matching desired value is distributed between the motor vehicle and the engine.

[0109] 具体而言,接上例,仍一第一数组为例,首先对所述第一数组中的存储的预定时刻的速度的期望值进行采样处理,采样周期可以设置为ls,当然,为了提高精确度,还可以将所述采样周期设置为小于1秒,例如为0.5秒等。 [0109] Specifically, the connected cases, still as an example a first array, the first predetermined time rate expectations the first array stored sampling process, the sampling period can be set as LS, of course, to improve accuracy, the sampling period may also be set to less than 1 second, for example, 0.5 seconds or the like. 然后采用逆向动态求解的方法从最后一时刻向前递推,并确定每一步系统的状态和控制律。 Dynamic then solved using forward backward recursion from the last time, and determine the status and control law system for each step. 在本实施例中,将所述交通工具电池的SOC(StateofCharge,,荷电状态)作为系统的状态,将所述交通工具电机的扭矩作为状态转移的控制律u(i),所述交通工具电池的SOC在第i时刻到下一时刻的递推关系如下所示: In the present embodiment, the SOC (StateofCharge ,, state of charge) of the vehicle battery as a state of the system, the torque of the motor vehicle as the control law u (i) state transition of the vehicle SOC of the battery at the time point i to the next recursion relation in time as follows:

Figure CN107618501AD00141

[0111] 其中,Qbatt动力电池容量,Rbatt为动力电池内阻,Voc为动力电池开路电压,Pe3为电机功率,ί = 1,···Μ,Μ为所述第N数组中对所有时刻的速度的期望值进行采样的个数。 [0111] wherein, Qbatt battery capacity, Rbatt internal resistance of battery, Voc is the open circuit voltage of the battery power, Pe3 motor power, ί = 1, ··· Μ, Μ said N-th array for all time expectation velocity sampling number.

[0112] 由第i时刻所述控制律u(i)以及当前时刻电池SOC的状态SOC(i)所确定的状态转移方程如下所示: [0112] The transformation equation of time by the control law of U i (i) the current time and battery SOC state SOC (i) is determined as follows:

Figure CN107618501AD00142

[0114] 其中,FueI(i)为第i时刻所需要消耗的燃油量,i = 1,'·_Μ,M为所述第N数组中对预定时刻的速度的期望值进行采样的个数。 [0114] wherein, FueI (i) at time i is the amount of fuel consumed, i = 1, '· _Μ, M is the number N of the array of sampling rate expectations predetermined timing.

[0115] 所述控制律u( i)以及当前时刻电池SOC的状态S0C( i)需要满足的条件是使得所述交通工具的等效油耗最小,具体如下式: [0115] The control law u (i) the current time and the conditions of the battery SOC state S0C (i) The requirement is equivalent to minimize the fuel consumption of the vehicle, particularly the following formula:

Figure CN107618501AD00143

[0117] 其中,J为目标函数,即当所述目标函数J的值最小时,所述交通工具的等效消耗最小,所述交通工具的等效油耗包括所述交通工具发动机的油耗以及所述交通工具电机的等效油耗。 [0117] wherein, J is the objective function, i.e., when the value of the minimum of the objective function J, the equivalent consumption of the vehicle the minimum, equivalent to the vehicle fuel consumption of the vehicle including the engine and the said motor vehicle fuel equivalent. 结合式4和式6即可获取所述交通工具电机在第i时刻的扭矩,然后,再结合与所述交通工具在第i时刻的速度的期望值所匹配的动力,即可获取所述交通工具发动机在第i时刻的扭矩,从而实现对与所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时第i时刻的速度的期望值所匹配的动力在所述交通工具的电机和发动机之间进行分配。 Equations 4 and 6 combined to obtain the torque of the motor vehicle at the time i, then, combined power and speed of the vehicle at a desired value at time i being matched, to obtain the vehicle the engine torque at time i, in order to achieve a desired value of the power and speed of the vehicle traveling the predetermined road section at the time of the i-th matching partitioned between the engine and the motor vehicle.

[0118] 步骤S24:所述终端设备将所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩发送至所述交通工具。 [0118] Step S24: the terminal device to the motor vehicle and the engine torque estimated time required to transmit the torque of the vehicle when traveling the predetermined road section.

[0119] 具体而言,所述终端设备将所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩发送至所述交通工具的主控单元,由所述交通工具的主控单元控制所述交通工具的电机和发动机,使得所述交通工具的电机和发动机提供各自需要提供的扭矩。 [0119] Specifically, the terminal device of the motor vehicle and the engine torque estimated time required to transmit the torque of the main control unit of the vehicle when traveling the predetermined road section by the vehicle the main control unit controls the vehicle engine and the motor so that the motor vehicle and a respective engine providing torque to be provided.

[0120] 进一步的,所述行驶信息还包括所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行预定位置时的速度以及所述预定路段中预定位置的海拔高度信息,在本发明的另一实施例中,还可以根据所述行驶信息中包括的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行预定位置时的速度,以得到所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行预定位置时的速度的期望值,然后根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行预定位置时的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配,具体的分配方法与上述实施例中预定时刻的速度的期望值所对应的能量分配方法相同,在此不再赘述。 [0120] Further, the traveling speed information further comprises a predetermined operating position in the predetermined road section the vehicle altitude information and the predetermined position of the predetermined road section, in another embodiment of the present invention, the speed may also run at a predetermined position in the predetermined road section based on the vehicle running information included in the to obtain a desired value of the speed when the vehicle runs a predetermined position in the predetermined road section, and energy allocation method for allocating power in accordance with the vehicle speed at a desired value of the vehicle operating at a predetermined position in the predetermined road section, corresponding to a particular allocation method and speed of the desired value predetermined timing of Example the same, are not repeated here.

[0121] 在本发明的又一实施例中,所述终端设备还可以根据所述行驶信息中包括的所述预定路段中预定位置的海拔高度信息,使得在计算预定时刻的速度的期望值所对应的能量分配时考虑到道路坡度的影响,以提高精确度。 [0121] In a further embodiment of the present invention, the terminal device may further height elevation information of the road section with the predetermined information included in the predetermined position, such that a desired value corresponding to a predetermined timing calculation speed when considering the impact of energy distribution to road grade, in order to improve accuracy.

[0122] 本发明实施例还提供了一种一终端设备,所述终端设备放置于一交通工具中,用于获取并保存所述交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息,根据一预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,然后根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配,并将分配信息发送至所述交通工具的主控单元。 [0122] Embodiments of the present invention further provides a terminal apparatus, the terminal apparatus is placed in a vehicle, for obtaining and storing the information in a vehicle traveling the predetermined road section, according to a predetermined time the travel information acquisition expectations predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section in the vehicle speed, and energy to the vehicle in accordance with a desired value of the predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section the vehicle speed allocation, and allocation information to the main control unit of the vehicle. 通过所述终端设备实现对所述交通工具的能量管理的具体方法如上例所述,在此不再赘述。 DETAILED implemented method of energy management of the vehicle as described above by the embodiment of the terminal device, are not repeated here.

[0123] 综上,在本发明实施例提供的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法、终端设备、服务器以及混合动力交通工具能量管理系统中,根据获取一预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配,从全局的角度对交通工具的能量进行规划,极大的提高了交通工具燃油利用率,提高了交通工具燃油经济性。 [0123] In summary, in the hybrid embodiment of the present invention to provide a vehicle energy management method, a terminal device, a server and a hybrid vehicle energy management system, in accordance with the information acquired within a predetermined acquisition time of the vehicle in the desired value for a predetermined time when the link traveling speed, distribute the energy of said vehicle speed according to a desired value with a predetermined time when the predetermined road section in the vehicle, from the overall perspective of the vehicle energy planning, greatly improves vehicle fuel efficiency, improve vehicle fuel economy.

[0124] 上述仅为本发明的优选实施例而已,并不对本发明起到任何限制作用。 [0124] Preferably, the embodiment of the present invention only it does not play any limiting effect on the present invention. 任何所属技术领域的技术人员,在不脱离本发明的技术方案的范围内,对本发明揭露的技术方案和技术内容做任何形式的等同替换或修改等变动,均属未脱离本发明的技术方案的内容,仍属于本发明的保护范围之内。 Any person skilled in the art, without departing from the aspect of the present invention, the scope of the technical solutions and the technical contents of the present invention disclosure do any kind of equivalent replacement or modification of other variations, are not departing from the technical solution of the present invention content, fall within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (30)

  1. 1. 一种混合动力交通工具能量管理方法,其特征在于,包括: 获取并存储一交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息; 根据一预定时间内所述交通工具的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值;以及根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 1. A hybrid vehicle energy management method, characterized by comprising: obtaining and storing information in a vehicle traveling a predetermined road section; a predetermined time in accordance with the vehicle traveling information acquiring said vehicle time value preset in the road section with the predetermined speed; and distribute the energy of said vehicle speed according to a predetermined desired value of the timing when the predetermined road section traveling in the vehicle.
  2. 2. 如权利要求1所述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法,其特征在于,对所述交通工具的能量进行分配的步骤包括: 根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力;以及根据所需要的动力获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩以对对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 2. The hybrid vehicle according to claim 1, energy management method, wherein said step of allocation of the energy of the vehicle comprising: according to a predetermined timing when the vehicle traveling the predetermined road section obtaining a desired value of the vehicle speed at the predetermined time to achieve a desired value of the speed of the power required; and obtaining the torque of the motor vehicle in the predetermined timing and an engine torque required to power pairs according to the desired said vehicle energy allocation.
  3. 3. 如权利要求2所述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法,其特征在于,采用动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 The hybrid according to claim 2 vehicle energy management method, which is characterized in that a dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque of the vehicle at the predetermined required time.
  4. 4. 如权利要求1所述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法,其特征在于,所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度。 4. The hybrid vehicle according to claim 1, energy management method, wherein said travel information comprises: a predetermined section of the predetermined time and the total length of said predetermined road section running when the vehicle speed.
  5. 5. 如权利要求4所述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法,其特征在于,将所述预定时间内的所有星期N的行驶信息存储于一第N数组中,并根据所述第N数据中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N=1,2,3,4,5,6S7。 5. The hybrid of claim 4, wherein the vehicle energy management method, characterized in that all the week within the predetermined time N in the travel information is stored in an array of N, and the N-th data based timing a predetermined speed acquired for the vehicle operating in the predetermined road section in a desired value when the vehicle runs a predetermined time N in the week when the speed of the predetermined road section, where, N = 1,2,3,4 , 5,6S7.
  6. 6. 如权利要求1所述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法,其特征在于,所述预定时间大于等于14天。 The hybrid of claim 1, the vehicle energy management method, wherein said predetermined time is not less than 14 days.
  7. 7. 如权利要求1所述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法,其特征在于,所述混合动力交通工具为一插电式混合动力交通工具。 7. The hybrid vehicle according to claim 1, energy management method, wherein the hybrid vehicle is a plug-in hybrid vehicle.
  8. 8. 如权利要求7所述的混合动力交通工具能量管理方法,其特征在于,所述混合动力交通工具为一插电式混合动力车辆。 8. The hybrid vehicle according to claim 7, energy management method, wherein the hybrid vehicle is a plug-in hybrid vehicle.
  9. 9. 一种终端设备,放置于一交通工具中,其特征在于, 用于获取所述交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息,并将所述行驶信息发送至一服务器,所述服务器根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,再根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配以及将分配信息发送至所述终端设备,所述终端设备接收所述分配信息并发送至所述交通工具。 A terminal device, placed in a vehicle, wherein the vehicle for acquiring travel information in a predetermined road section and the travel information to a server, the server according to the said travel information within a predetermined time to acquire the timing of the predetermined vehicle speed when traveling the predetermined road section in a desired value, then the speed of the predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section in the desired value of the vehicle energy of the vehicle and allocated to the terminal apparatus transmits allocation information to the terminal device and receives the allocation information transmitted to the vehicle.
  10. 10. 如权利要求9所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配的过程包括: 所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力;以及所述服务器根据所需要的动力获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩以对对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 The terminal apparatus 10. The process according to claim 9, wherein the server allocates the power according to the vehicle speed at a desired value in the predetermined road section with a predetermined timing the vehicle comprises : obtaining by the server according to a predetermined desired value of the time when traveling a predetermined road section the vehicle speed of the vehicle at the predetermined time to achieve a desired value of the speed of the power required; and the server according to the required obtaining the power of the motor vehicle at the predetermined torque and the engine torque required time for the energy to the vehicle allocation.
  11. 11. 如权利要求10所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述服务器采用动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 11. The terminal apparatus according to claim 10, characterized in that said server using dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque of the vehicle at the predetermined required time.
  12. 12. 如权利要求9所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述终端设备获取的所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度。 12. The terminal apparatus according to claim 9, wherein said traveling information acquired by the terminal apparatus comprising: a predetermined total mileage of the vehicle and the road section runs at a predetermined timing when the predetermined road section speed.
  13. 13. —种服务器,其特征在于, 接收一终端设备获取的一交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息,根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,并根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配以及将分配信息发送至所述终端设备。 13. - kind of server, wherein the receiving terminal apparatus acquires travel information of a vehicle in a predetermined road section, and obtains the vehicle traveling the predetermined road section information in accordance with said predetermined time expectation velocity at predetermined time, and distributed according to a predetermined desired value of the speed of the timing when the predetermined road section traveling in the vehicle in the vehicle and energy allocation information is transmitted to the terminal device.
  14. 14. 如权利要求13所述的服务器,其特征在于,所述终端设备获取的所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度。 14. The server according to claim 13, wherein the terminal device acquires traveling information comprising: a predetermined section of the predetermined time and the total length of said predetermined road section running when the vehicle speed.
  15. 15. 如权利要求13所述的服务器,其特征在于,所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配的过程包括: 所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力;以及所述服务器根据所需要的动力获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩以对对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 15. The server according to claim 13, characterized in that said server process according to a desired value of the speed of the vehicle is traveling at a predetermined time in said allocation of the predetermined segment of the energy of the vehicle comprising: the server acquires the traveling speed at a desired value according to the predetermined road section at a predetermined timing the vehicle to the vehicle at the predetermined time to achieve a desired value of the speed of the power required; and the server according to the desired the vehicle power acquired for distribution of energy to the torque of the motor vehicle in the predetermined timing and an engine torque required.
  16. 16. 如权利要求15所述的服务器,其特征在于,所述服务器采用动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 16. The server according to claim 15, characterized in that said server using dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque of the vehicle at the predetermined required time.
  17. 17. 如权利要求13所述的服务器,其特征在于,所述服务器根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值的过程包括:将所述预定时间内的所有星期N的行驶信息存储于一第N数组中,并根据所述第N数据中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N= 1,2,3,4,5,6或7。 17. The server process according to claim 13, wherein the server obtains a desired value of the predetermined timing when the vehicle traveling the predetermined road section according to the traveling speed information within the predetermined time comprises: All week with the information stored in said N predetermined time in a N-th array, and the speed of the vehicle at a predetermined timing in accordance with the acquisition of the N-th vehicle running data when the predetermined road section week time value preset tool operating in the N predetermined speed when the road section, where, N = 1,2,3,4,5,6, or 7.
  18. 18. —种混合动力交通工具能量管理系统,其特征在于,包括一终端设备以及一服务器, 所述终端设备用于获取一交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息,并将所述行驶信息发送至所述服务器; 所述服务器根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,再根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配以及将分配信息发送至所述终端设备,所述终端设备接收所述分配信息并发送至所述交通工具。 18. - kind of hybrid vehicle energy management system comprising a server and a terminal device, the terminal device is configured to obtain information on a vehicle traveling a predetermined road section and the travel information transmitted to the server; the server to obtain the desired value predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section speed according to the vehicle traveling information within the predetermined time, and then the vehicle travels the predetermined road section based on expectation velocity at predetermined time when the vehicle energy distribution and allocation information is transmitted to the terminal device, the terminal device receives the assignment information and transmitted to the vehicle.
  19. 19. 如权利要求18所述的混合动力交通工具能量管理系统,其特征在于,所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配的过程包括: 所述服务器根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力;以及所述服务器根据所需要的动力获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩以对对所述交通工具的能量进行分配。 19. The hybrid vehicle according to claim 18, the energy management system, characterized in that said server energy to the desired value according to the vehicle speed when traveling the predetermined road section at a predetermined timing the vehicle allocation process comprising: a server according to the predetermined vehicle when traveling the predetermined road speed desired value of the moment of obtaining the vehicle at the predetermined time to achieve a desired value of the speed of the power required; and the said server acquiring the vehicle for distribution of energy to the motor vehicle and the torque of the engine torque according to a predetermined time required for the power required.
  20. 20. 如权利要求19所述的混合动力交通工具能量管理系统,其特征在于,所述服务器采用动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具在该预定时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 20. The hybrid according to claim 19, wherein the energy management system of the vehicle, characterized in that said server using dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque of the vehicle at the predetermined required time.
  21. 21. 如权利要求18所述的混合动力交通工具能量管理系统,其特征在于,所述服务器根据所述预定时间内的行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值的过程包括:将所述预定时间内的所有星期N的行驶信息存储于一第N数组中, 并根据所述第N数据中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N=l,2,3,4,5,6 或7。 21. The hybrid vehicle according to claim 18, the energy management system, wherein the server obtains a predetermined timing when the vehicle traveling the predetermined road section according to the traveling speed information within the predetermined time expectations process comprising: N all week traveling information stored within the predetermined time, and a predetermined timing in accordance with the array of N of the N-th vehicle running data when the predetermined road section the speed of obtaining the desired value the speed of the vehicle at predetermined time N week run when the predetermined road section, where, N = l, 2,3,4,5,6 or 7.
  22. 22. 如权利要求18所述的混合动力交通工具能量管理系统,其特征在于,所述终端设备获取的所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度。 22. The hybrid vehicle according to claim 18, the energy management system, wherein the terminal device acquires traveling information comprising: a predetermined total mileage of the vehicle and the road section in said predetermined road section timing a predetermined speed runtime.
  23. 23. 如权利要求18所述的混合动力交通工具能量管理系统,其特征在于,所述预定时间大于等于14天。 Hybrid vehicle energy management system of claim 18 as claimed in claim 23, wherein said predetermined time is not less than 14 days.
  24. 24. —种终端设备,放置于一交通工具中,其特征在于,用于获取并存储所述交通工具在一预定路段中的行驶信息,并根据一预定时间内的所有行驶信息获取所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值,再根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值对所述交通工具的能量进行分配,并将分配信息发送至所述交通工具。 24. - type of terminal equipment, placed in a vehicle, characterized in that, for obtaining and storing information of the traveling vehicle in a predetermined road section, and obtain information in accordance with all of a predetermined time of the traffic timing a predetermined speed during traveling the predetermined road section at a desired value tool, and then allocates the power according to the vehicle speed desired value predetermined timing when traveling the predetermined road section in the vehicle, and the allocation information transmitted to the vehicle.
  25. 25. 如权利要求24所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述终端设备对所述交通工具的能量进行分配的过程包括:所述终端设备根据所述交通工具在所述预定路段中行驶时预定时刻的速度的期望值获取所述交通工具要达到该速度的期望值所需要的动力,进而获取所述交通工具在该速度的期望值对应的时刻所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩,并将该电机扭矩和发动机扭矩发送至所述交通工具。 When the terminal device in accordance with the vehicle traveling the predetermined road section: 25. The terminal device according to claim 24, characterized in that, during the allocation of the terminal device of the vehicle comprises an energy expected value of a predetermined time acquired speed of the vehicle to achieve a desired value of the power required speed, thereby obtaining the motor torque and the engine torque of the vehicle at a time corresponding to a desired value of the speed required, and the motor torque and the engine torque transmitted to the vehicle.
  26. 26. 如权利要求25所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述终端设备采用动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具的速度达到一速度的期望值时所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 26. The terminal apparatus according to claim 25, characterized in that the terminal device uses dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque when the vehicle speed reaches a desired value a desired speed.
  27. 27. 如权利要求25所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述终端设备采用随机动态规划算法来获取所述交通工具的速度达到一速度的期望值时所需要的电机扭矩和发动机扭矩。 27. The terminal apparatus according to claim 25, characterized in that the terminal equipment using the stochastic dynamic programming algorithm to obtain the motor torque and the engine torque when the vehicle speed reaches a desired value a desired speed.
  28. 28. 如权利要求24所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述行驶信息包括:所述预定路段的总里程以及所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度。 28. The terminal apparatus according to claim 24, wherein said travel information comprises: a predetermined total length of the link and the speed of operation of the predetermined time when the predetermined road section in the vehicle.
  29. 29. 如权利要求28所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述终端设备将所述预定时间内的所有星期N的行驶信息存储于一第N数组中,并根据所述第N数据中的所述交通工具在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度获取所述交通工具星期N在所述预定路段中运行时预定时刻的速度的期望值,其中,N=1,2,3,4,5,6S7。 29. The terminal apparatus according to claim 28, characterized in that the terminal device with the information stored in all of the week within a predetermined time N in an N-th array, and based on the first N data the vehicle speed a predetermined time to acquire the vehicle speed a predetermined time N weeks of operation of the predetermined road section at a desired value when the operation of the predetermined road section when, where, N = 1,2,3,4, 5,6S7.
  30. 30. 如权利要求24所述的终端设备,其特征在于,所述预定时间大于等于14天。 30. A terminal device according to claim 24, wherein said predetermined time is not less than 14 days.
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