CN107616089A - A kind of artificial pollination method for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit - Google Patents

A kind of artificial pollination method for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107616089A
CN107616089A CN201711095092.6A CN201711095092A CN107616089A CN 107616089 A CN107616089 A CN 107616089A CN 201711095092 A CN201711095092 A CN 201711095092A CN 107616089 A CN107616089 A CN 107616089A
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China
Prior art keywords
flower
percentage
kiwi berry
artificial pollination
fruit
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CN201711095092.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张望舒
汪国云
周超超
陈均魁
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Ningbo Haofeng Agricultural Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Ningbo Haofeng Agricultural Science & Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201711095092.6A priority Critical patent/CN107616089A/en
Publication of CN107616089A publication Critical patent/CN107616089A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of artificial pollination method for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit, comprise the following steps:1st, flower gathers:Win white petal male flower in full bloom;2nd, flower collection post processing:100 200 parts of flowers are washed by rubbing with the hands in 500 parts of water by mass fraction to rub and rotten are bleached taking-up flower slag to column cap;3rd, pollen liquid is configured:Add 0.1 0.15% borax, 0.1 0.15% honey by mass percentage in liquid made from step 2;4th, sprinkling pollination:Pollen liquid is placed in sprayer be aligned female chapiter be sprayed to column cap moistening.The pollinating method carries out artificial pollination, time and labour saving, and efficiency high, improves percentage of fertile fruit and fruit quality, effectively reduces malformed fruit rate.

Description

A kind of artificial pollination method for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit
Technical field
The invention belongs to Kiwifruit Culture method and technology field, specifically a kind of artificial pollination for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit Method.
Background technology
Kiwi berry nutritious abundant, rich in vitamin C and various trace elements, its pulp is delicate, gives off a strong fragrance, sweet mouthfeel Clearly, acidity is extremely low, has " title of magical delicious fruit ".In recent years, the development speed of China's Kiwi berry was very fast, at present whole nation kind Area is planted up to more than 500,000 mus.Current existing Kiwi berry is male and female plant mixed culture pattern, i.e. is conventional crop field frame Cultivation.
Because Kiwi berry is dioecian plant, want to obtain higher yield and high-quality fruit in production, manually Pollination is requisite measure, and the time at florescence of especially Kiwi berry is short, by open-pollinated it is difficult to ensure that good quality and high output.Flower thinning is strengthened Pollination improves percentage of fertile fruit, is to ensure Kiwi berry high yield, high-quality important measure.But existing artificial pollination method seat Fruit rate is not still high, and because uneven malformed fruit rate of pollinating is high.
The content of the invention
The present invention in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, providing a kind of artificial pollination method for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit, award by this kind Powder method can improve the percentage of fertile fruit of Kiwi berry, reduce malformed fruit rate.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the present invention is addressed by following technical proposals:One kind improves Kiwi berry seat The artificial pollination method of fruit rate, comprises the following steps:1st, flower gathers:Win white petal male flower in full bloom;2nd, after flower collection Processing:100-200 parts flower washed by rubbing with the hands in 500 parts of water by mass fraction to rub and rotten is bleached taking-up flower slag to column cap;3rd, configuration flower Powder liquid:Add 0.1-0.15% boraxs, 0.1-0.15% honey by mass percentage in liquid made from step 2;4th, sprinkling is awarded Powder:Pollen liquid is placed in sprayer be aligned female chapiter be sprayed to column cap moistening.The pollinating method carries out artificial pollination, time saving Saving of labor, and efficiency high, percentage of fertile fruit and fruit quality are improved, effectively reduces malformed fruit rate.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferred that in step 2, the temperature of water is 25-28 DEG C.Pollen Activity is high at this temperature, has Beneficial to raising percentage of fertile fruit and reduce malformed fruit rate.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferred that in step 3, the mass percent of the borax is 0.1%.The mass percent Borax cause the percentage of fertile fruit highest of Kiwi berry.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferred that in step 3, the mass percent of the honey is 0.1%.The mass percent Honey cause the percentage of fertile fruit highest of Kiwi berry.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferred that step 4 is in morning of the fine temperature less than 35 DEG C or carries out at dusk.
The present invention compared with prior art, has the advantages that:The pollinating method carries out artificial pollination, time saving province Work, and efficiency high, percentage of fertile fruit and fruit quality are improved, effectively reduces malformed fruit rate.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further detail with reference to embodiment, a kind of people for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit Work pollinating method, comprises the following steps:1st, flower gathers:Win white petal male flower in full bloom(The pollen of white petal male flower is lived Power is most strong, if petal jaundice can not be used for pollinating,);2nd, flower collection post processing:By mass fraction by 100-200 part flowers Washed by rubbing with the hands in 500 parts of water rub it is rotten bleach taking-up flower slag to column cap, the temperature of water is 25-28 DEG C;3rd, pollen liquid is configured:In step 2 0.1-0.15% boraxs, 0.1-0.15% honey are added in obtained liquid by mass percentage;4th, sprinkling pollination:Fine Temperature less than 35 DEG C morning or at dusk enter to be about to pollen liquid be placed in sprayer be aligned female chapiter be sprayed to column cap moistening.
Embodiment 1, artificial pollination method, comprises the following steps:1st, flower gathers:Win white petal male flower in full bloom;2、 Flower collection post processing:100g flowers are washed by rubbing with the hands in 500g water rub it is rotten bleach taking-up flower slag to column cap, the temperature of water is 25-28 ℃;3rd, pollen liquid is configured:Add 0.1% borax, 0.1% honey by mass percentage in liquid made from step 2;4th, sprinkling is awarded Powder:In morning of the fine temperature less than 35 DEG C or enter to be about to pollen liquid at dusk and be placed in sprayer to be directed at the sprinkling of female chapiter Moistened to column cap.
Embodiment 2, artificial pollination method, comprises the following steps:1st, flower gathers:Win white petal male flower in full bloom;2、 Flower collection post processing:200g flowers are washed by rubbing with the hands in 500g water rub it is rotten bleach taking-up flower slag to column cap, the temperature of water is 25-28 ℃;3rd, pollen liquid is configured:Add 0.15% borax, 0.15% honey by mass percentage in liquid made from step 2;4th, spray Pollination:In morning of the fine temperature less than 35 DEG C or enter to be about to pollen liquid at dusk and be placed in sprayer to be directed at the spray of female chapiter Spill to column cap and moisten.
Embodiment 3, artificial pollination method, comprises the following steps:1st, flower gathers:Win white petal male flower in full bloom;2、 Flower collection post processing:150g flowers are washed by rubbing with the hands in 500g water rub it is rotten bleach taking-up flower slag to column cap, the temperature of water is 25-28 ℃;3rd, pollen liquid is configured:Add 0.12% borax, 0.12% honey by mass percentage in liquid made from step 2;4th, spray Pollination:In morning of the fine temperature less than 35 DEG C or enter to be about to pollen liquid at dusk and be placed in sprayer to be directed at the spray of female chapiter Spill to column cap and moisten.
Comparative example 1, artificial pollination method, comprises the following steps:1st, flower gathers:Win white petal male flower in full bloom;2、 Flower collection post processing:80g flowers are washed by rubbing with the hands in 500g water rub it is rotten bleach taking-up flower slag to column cap, the temperature of water is 25-28 ℃;3rd, pollen liquid is configured:Add 0.1% borax, 0.1% honey by mass percentage in liquid made from step 2;4th, sprinkling is awarded Powder:In morning of the fine temperature less than 35 DEG C or enter to be about to pollen liquid at dusk and be placed in sprayer to be directed at the sprinkling of female chapiter Moistened to column cap.
Comparative example 2, artificial pollination method, comprises the following steps:1st, flower gathers:Win white petal male flower in full bloom;2、 Flower collection post processing:200g flowers are washed by rubbing with the hands in 500g water rub it is rotten bleach taking-up flower slag to column cap, the temperature of water is 25-28 ℃;3rd, pollen liquid is configured:Add 0.3% borax, 0.1% honey by mass percentage in liquid made from step 2;4th, sprinkling is awarded Powder:In morning of the fine temperature less than 35 DEG C or enter to be about to pollen liquid at dusk and be placed in sprayer to be directed at the sprinkling of female chapiter Moistened to column cap.
Comparative example 3, artificial pollination method, comprises the following steps:1st, flower gathers:Win white petal male flower in full bloom;2、 Flower collection post processing:200g flowers are washed by rubbing with the hands in 500g water rub it is rotten bleach taking-up flower slag to column cap, the temperature of water is 25-28 ℃;3rd, pollen liquid is configured:Add 0.1% honey by mass percentage in liquid made from step 2;4th, sprinkling pollination:In weather Enter to be about to pollen liquid and be placed in sprayer to be directed at female chapiter to be sprayed to column cap wet in the morning of the sunny temperature less than 35 DEG C at dusk Profit.
Comparative example 4, artificial pollination method, comprises the following steps:1st, flower gathers:Win white petal male flower in full bloom;2、 Flower collection post processing:200g flowers are washed by rubbing with the hands in 500g water rub it is rotten bleach taking-up flower slag to column cap, the temperature of water is 25-28 ℃;3rd, pollen liquid is configured:Add 0.1% borax by mass percentage in liquid made from step 2;4th, sprinkling pollination:In weather Enter to be about to pollen liquid and be placed in sprayer to be directed at female chapiter to be sprayed to column cap wet in the morning of the sunny temperature less than 35 DEG C at dusk Profit.
To above-mentioned 3 embodiments and 4 comparative examples are cultivated and gathered data obtains following table:
Test flower number(Piece) Fruit setting number(It is individual) Percentage of fertile fruit(%) Malformed fruit rate(%) Average fruit single fruit weight(g)
Embodiment 1 2000 1960 98.0 6.0 72.59
Embodiment 2 2000 1934 96.7 7.2 71.67
Embodiment 3 2000 1922 96.1 6.8 72.21
Comparative example 1 2000 1952 97.6 25.6 49.50
Comparative example 2 2000 1634 81.7 6.1 72.11
Comparative example 3 2000 1458 72.9 8.2 71.94
Comparative example 4 2000 1852 92.6 8.6 66.24

Claims (5)

  1. A kind of 1. artificial pollination method for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:1st, flower gathers: Win white petal male flower in full bloom;2nd, flower collection post processing:100-200 parts flower is rubbed with the hands in 500 parts of water by mass fraction Wash rub it is rotten to column cap bleach taking-up flower slag;3rd, pollen liquid is configured:Add 0.1- by mass percentage in liquid made from step 2 0.15% borax, 0.1-0.15% honey;4th, sprinkling pollination:Pollen liquid is placed in sprayer and is directed at female chapiter and is sprayed to column cap Moistening.
  2. A kind of 2. artificial pollination method for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step 2, The temperature of water is 25-28 DEG C.
  3. A kind of 3. artificial pollination method for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step 3, The mass percent of the borax is 0.1%.
  4. A kind of 4. artificial pollination method for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:In step 3, The mass percent of the honey is 0.1%.
  5. A kind of 5. artificial pollination method for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Step 4 exists Carried out in the morning of the fine temperature less than 35 DEG C at dusk.
CN201711095092.6A 2017-11-09 2017-11-09 A kind of artificial pollination method for improving Kiwi berry percentage of fertile fruit Pending CN107616089A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110012832A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-07-16 云南省热带作物科学研究所 A method of Queensland nut percentage of fertile fruit is improved by artificial supplementary pollination

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110012832A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-07-16 云南省热带作物科学研究所 A method of Queensland nut percentage of fertile fruit is improved by artificial supplementary pollination

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