CN107595554A - A kind of hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs - Google Patents

A kind of hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107595554A
CN107595554A CN201711031067.1A CN201711031067A CN107595554A CN 107595554 A CN107595554 A CN 107595554A CN 201711031067 A CN201711031067 A CN 201711031067A CN 107595554 A CN107595554 A CN 107595554A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
massage
cylinder
walking
limbs
leg
Prior art date
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CN201711031067.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张桂华
Original Assignee
张桂华
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Application filed by 张桂华 filed Critical 张桂华
Priority to CN201711031067.1A priority Critical patent/CN107595554A/en
Publication of CN107595554A publication Critical patent/CN107595554A/en

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Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs, including walking mechanism, the load carrier being arranged in walking mechanism, it is arranged on the load carrier and positioned at the backrest at rear portion, it is arranged on the load carrier and positioned at anterior modularization massage mechanism, the thigh support mechanism for being arranged on the load carrier and being engaged with the modularization massage mechanism, the both ends of the modularization massage mechanism set drying mechanism, and it is arranged in the walking mechanism and is used to control the walking mechanism, load carrier, backrest, modularization massage mechanism, the controlling organization of drying mechanism and thigh support mechanism;Patient can not only be caused in ride comfort thereon, and massaging and physiotherapeutical can be carried out to patient so that patient body is loosened and accelerates to recover, while the sweat of massage part is evaporated, and greatly alleviates the operating pressure of health care workers.

Description

A kind of hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs

Technical field

The present invention relates to medical nursing equipment technical field, and in particular to a kind of hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs.

Background technology

China is a populous nation, and the quantity of corresponding patient is very more, and medical resource per capita is seldom, is being undergone After serious disease, patient substantially spends in subsequent rehabilitation period on one's sick bed, and self-care ability is poor, handicapped, and after rehabilitation Phase due to patient the ward time too long, can feel very oppressive, it is therefore desirable to often go to open air to be breathed freely, but per capita Medical resource is less so that and hospital is also less to the nursing time of single patient, and many work are required for family members to complete, and Human body is stiff after bed confined to bed long by patient, blood flow not smooth, leg muscle pain etc., it is necessary to carry out massaging and physiotherapeutical to patient, It is a very big expense again if please accompany and attend to;And when breathing freely out of doors, if massaging and physiotherapeutical can not be continued, cause Ventilative while, body cannot loosen, it is therefore desirable to a kind of not only ride comfort, and can carry out massage reason to patient Treat so that while patient body is loosened and accelerates to recover, also greatly alleviate the operating pressure of health care workers.And And patient understands sweating in massage by massage part, is extremely easily suffered from cold after massage, the sick patient's resistance of hospital is all It is weaker, easily cause other illnesss, therefore be also required to solve this problem.

The content of the invention

In view of this, purpose provided by the invention is in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, there is provided a kind of hospital patient lower limb health Apparatus for coating, patient can not only make it that in ride comfort thereon, and massaging and physiotherapeutical can be carried out to patient so that patient body Loosened and accelerate to recover, while the sweat of massage part is evaporated, greatly alleviate the work of health care workers Pressure.

In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is:

A kind of hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs, including walking mechanism, the load carrier being arranged in walking mechanism, are arranged on institute State on load carrier and positioned at the backrest at rear portion, be arranged on the load carrier and positioned at anterior modularization massager Structure, the thigh support mechanism for being arranged on the load carrier and being engaged with the modularization massage mechanism, the modularization The both ends of massage mechanism set drying mechanism, and are arranged in the walking mechanism and are used to control the walking mechanism, carrying Mechanism, backrest, modularization massage mechanism, the controlling organization of drying mechanism and thigh support mechanism.

The walking mechanism includes walking support frame, sets multiple road wheels on the walking support frame bottom surface, sets On the walking support frame and the Auxiliary support module that is engaged with the load carrier, the walking support frame the is arranged on The handrail of side, the auxiliary fixing module being arranged on walking support frame;

The load carrier includes the first carrier module being arranged on the walking support frame, and is arranged on the walking support The second carrier module being engaged on frame and with first carrier module.

First carrier module includes two first vertical supporting bars being arranged on the walking support frame, and is arranged on The first loading plate on the first vertical supporting bar;

Second carrier module includes being arranged on multiple parallel grooves on the walking support frame, matches with the parallel groove The parallel sliding track of conjunction, the second transverse support bar being connected with the parallel sliding track, it is arranged in second transverse support bar Cross-brace plate, two second vertical supporting bars being arranged on cross-brace plate, be arranged on the second vertical supporting bar Two loading plates, and it is arranged on multiple road wheels of the parallel orbit end.

The thigh support mechanism includes being arranged on the side of cross-brace plate first and the horizontal slide rail on the second side, if The two leg transverse support bars at the horizontal slide rail both ends are put, the leg for being arranged on the leg cross-brace boom end is erected To support bar, the leg vertical supporting bar upper end, and the leg neck being connected by tumbler are arranged on.

The Auxiliary support module includes being arranged on the walking support frame and matched with second transverse support bar The auxiliary telescopic bar of conjunction.

Positioned at the side of cross-brace plate second and the two vertical translation expansion links that are arranged on the outside of horizontal slide rail, it is arranged on The mobile supporting plate of vertical translation expansion link upper end, the translation mechanism being arranged in the mobile supporting plate, it is arranged on described flat The modularization massage mechanism on telephone-moving structure.

The backrest includes the backrest axostylus axostyle being connected with the walking support frame, is arranged on the backrest axostylus axostyle Multiple axle sleeves, the backboard being arranged on the axle sleeve, the steering support bar being arranged on the backrest axostylus axostyle, it is arranged on described The steering expansion link on support bar is turned to, the steering assistance bar being arranged on axle sleeve is described to turn to telescopic rod end and described turn It is flexibly connected to auxiliary boom end.

The auxiliary fixing module includes the auxiliary transverse bar being arranged on walking support frame, is arranged on the auxiliary laterally Auxiliary on bar fixes expansion link, is arranged on the fixed supporting foot of the fixed telescopic rod end of the auxiliary.

The modularization massage mechanism includes the cylinder being arranged on translation mechanism, and the both ends of the inside of the cylinder are set The swivelling chute of annular, the inner barrel set massage cylinder, and the massage cylinder is arranged on the rotation by the fixed block of annular On groove, the massage cylinder is corresponded on the cylinder rotating mechanism is set, air bag is set in the massage cylinder, the inside air bag exists Pressure relief mechanism is set on the massage cylinder, the first telescoping mechanism is set on the pressure relief mechanism, before first telescoping mechanism End setting is cut somebody's hair.

The drying mechanism includes several air admission holes and the end of the cylinder second that the cylinder first end is set Several ventholes that portion is set, the air admission hole are connected by air induction hose and the heating cavity being arranged on the outside of the cylinder It is logical, resistive heater is set in the heating cavity, and the heating cavity connects with the first air pump, and the venthole and outlet are soft Pipe connects, and the air-out hose connects with the second air pump being disposed in the outdoor.

The rotating mechanism includes the avoiding hollow groove set on the cylinder, and the lateral surface of the massage cylinder sets a circle Driven gear, the driven gear are engaged with the avoiding hollow groove, and the outside of the cylinder sets the first motor, and described the The avoiding hollow groove is corresponded on one motor the driving gear being engaged with the driven gear is set.

The pressure relief mechanism includes the sealing drum set in the massage cylinder, is set in the sealing drum axially vertical with it Piston plate, the piston plate is connected one end connection of massage cylinder by compression spring with the sealing drum, on the piston plate Guide rod is set, and the guide rod stretches out the pilot hole of the sealing drum end set, described in the end set of the guide rod First telescoping mechanism, the central shaft extended line of the sealing drum intersect with the central axis of the massage cylinder, the piston plate Upper setting opening, the sealing drum is interior to set damping fluid, and the guide rod is corresponded in the pilot hole and sets sealing ring.

Described cut somebody's hair includes the connection batten of the first telescoping mechanism end set, the connection batten end set peace Fill ring, rotating shaft be set in the mounting ring, the both ends of the rotating shaft set hemispheric elastomer block, the elastomer block with described turn Axle is bonded, and the reserved rotation seam of the connection batten is corresponded between two elastomer blocks.

The translation mechanism includes symmetrically arranged mounting blocks in the mobile supporting plate, passes through bearing in the mounting blocks Horizontally disposed leading screw, one end of the leading screw and the second motor being arranged in the mobile supporting plate are connected, institute The lead that setting is parallel with the leading screw on mounting blocks is stated, translation base, the translation are set on the leading screw and lead Column is set on base, hydraulic push rod, down-set second telescopic machine in hydraulic push rod end are horizontally disposed with the column Structure, the second telescoping mechanism lower end set the modularization massage mechanism by angle adjusting mechanism.

The angle adjusting mechanism includes the L-type support that the second telescoping mechanism lower end is set, under the L-type support End sets swivel bearing, sets semicircular rotating disk on the swivel bearing, latch, institute are set in the cambered surface of the rotating disk Axial direction of the bottom of rotating disk along the cylinder to be stated to be connected with the cylinder, the L-type support top sets the 3rd motor, The disk gear being engaged with the latch is set on the 3rd motor.

The controlling organization includes the microcontroller being arranged on the walking support frame, is connected with described for microcontroller The controller for connecing and being arranged on first loading plate, balance module on the walking support frame is arranged on, is arranged on walking The power supply being connected on support frame and with the microcontroller.

The balance module includes MEMS accelerometer and MEMS gyroscope.

A kind of method of work of hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs:

S1, patient is placed on the first carrier module, then passes through the angle and the first carrier module that controller adjusts backrest Height, and by the second carrier module by being stretched out in carrier, and the leg of patient is put into the neck of leg, and make it that second holds Support plate and the first loading plate are same level;

S2 and then need to control the distance between the height of leg neck and two necks and frequency according to patient, realize Lift leg action to act with folding leg, and the present apparatus will be moved to the region of spaciousness by family numbers of patients by handrail, then pass through The extension of the fixed expansion link of auxiliary causes fixed supporting foot to be contacted with ground, realizes and fixes;

It is real by the lifting of huckle and the leg neck of calf when S3 and then patient are massaged leg as needed Leg action is now lifted, then by controller come the position that controls needs to massage, and fulcrum is used as by leg neck, it is ensured that module Specified location can smoothly be reached by changing massage mechanism;

S4, in massage processes, open the first air pump, the second air pump and resistive heater so that hot gas slave module massager Passed through inside structure, sweat caused by patient's lower limb is dried;

S5, after massage, modularization massage mechanism is resetted by translation mechanism, and backrest is realized by controller The batch (-type) angle adjustment of plate, and the height back and forth of two first loading plates switch;Ensure the blood circulation of patient's buttocks, and it is right The activity of cervical vertebra and lumbar vertebrae;

S6, during patient takes, can be according to flat if it is mobile when causing present apparatus centre-of gravity shift thereon to occur patient The data point reuse for the module that weighs corresponds to the angle of the first loading plate, the second loading plate, leg neck and backboard, and realization ensures this dress Put the stability of operation.

The present invention for it is existing in the prior art due to severe case in rehabilitation course, it is necessary to carry out activity or carry out family When outer ventilative, still need by manually carrying out massaging and physiotherapeutical so that movable or ventilative while, cannot get putting for body Pine, and a kind of not only ride comfort provided, and massaging and physiotherapeutical can be carried out to patient, to cause patient to obtain comfort Meanwhile also greatly alleviate the hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs of the operating pressure of health care workers;Use walking mechanism for Matrix, the load carrier carried to patient is provided for thereon, in order to ensure patient can enter when taking to back Row support, backrest is set at load carrier rear portion, it is comfortable in order to ensure seating for being supported to patient back Property, come to carry out patient massaging and physiotherapeutical, while modularization massage mechanism in the anterior setup module massage mechanism of load carrier Upper setting drying mechanism, the sweat heating, drying that patient's lower limb can occur in massage, avoids massage from terminating rear patient's leg Portion is upset, and the load carrier set can be when carrying out massaging and physiotherapeutical or leg rotates, there is provided seldom support and work Action is used, it is ensured that massage and the stability of leg movements;And by the coordination control action of controlling organization, pair it can cause patient In ventilative or indoor activity, whole body can be loosened.

In addition, the walking mechanism used includes walking support frame, it is used as matrix, sets multiple road wheels in bottom surface Ensure that the present apparatus can be moved freely, and the Auxiliary support mould being engaged with load carrier is set on walking support frame Block, to realize to the flexible adjustment inside load carrier, and the handrail of walking support frame first side is arranged on, can realized by family Belong to and carry out operation movement, and the auxiliary fixing module on the walking support frame set, setting position can be moved in the present apparatus Afterwards, the present apparatus is fixed by controlling organization, so as to avoid occurring sliding the event toppled over generation;

And the load carrier used includes the first carrier module being arranged on walking support frame, and it is arranged on the walking support The second carrier module being engaged on frame and with first carrier module;The first carrier module used enters to the buttocks of patient Row support, the second carrier module of use can be supported and activity after unfolding to patient legs;And first used is held Carry the two first vertical supporting bars that module includes being arranged on walking support frame, and first be arranged on the first vertical supporting bar Loading plate;Two first vertical supporting bars being correspondingly arranged can set the first loading plate thereon, and the first loading plate it is corresponding with The buttocks side of human body, the supporting construction that two boards form one piece of entirety are supported to buttocks, while can be in the first loading plate The upper setting ornament materials such as air-permeable panel, it is more comfortable during causing patient to take, while two first can be toggled and carried The height of plate, to reduce the support of side buttocks, so as to realize intermittently and locally's compressing to buttocks, it is ensured that the blood of buttocks follows Ring;And the second carrier module used includes and is arranged on multiple parallel grooves on the walking support frame, and set in parallel groove The parallel sliding track being matched therewith, the second transverse support bar being connected with the parallel sliding track, then in the second cross-brace Set cross-brace plate that two second vertical supporting bars are being set thereon, on the second vertical supporting bar as bearing substrate on bar Second loading plate is set, and for being supported to the leg of patient, and two boards are separate moves up and down, it is ensured that by the While two carrier modules are unfolded, realize to two legs each progress lift leg activity up and down, and in parallel orbit end The multiple road wheels set, it can be ensured that the effect of walking and support can be obtained after the second carrier module is unfolded, and is adopted Auxiliary support module includes being arranged on the auxiliary being engaged on the walking support frame and with second transverse support bar Expansion link;By auxiliary telescopic bar realize the second transverse support bar stretch out with shrink realize the second carrier module unfold with it is multiple Position.

In addition, the thigh support mechanism used includes being arranged on the side of cross-brace plate first and the transverse direction on the second side is sliding Rail, i.e., set positioned at the both sides of the second vertical supporting bar, be arranged on the two leg transverse support bars at the horizontal slide rail both ends, The leg vertical supporting bar of the leg cross-brace boom end is arranged on, is arranged on the leg vertical supporting bar upper end, and The leg neck being connected by tumbler;So that leg is put into the neck of leg by patient, and pass through leg vertical supporting bar Move up and down realize to leg lift and reset function, be easy to the normal use of modularization massage mechanism, and it is horizontal to pass through leg The folding of two legs is realized to support bar, realizes the function of freely activity.

In addition, in order to preferably massage patient, positioned at the side of cross-brace plate second and horizontal slide rail is being arranged on The vertical translation expansion link of the two of outside, the mobile supporting plate of vertical translation expansion link upper end is arranged on, is arranged on the mobile branch Translation mechanism on fagging, the modularization massage mechanism being arranged on the translation mechanism;Can be more by translation mechanism Good realizes comprehensive massage positioning, is realized and massaged by modularization massage mechanism;In addition, backrest includes and walking branch The backrest axostylus axostyle that support is connected, is arranged on multiple axle sleeves on the backrest axostylus axostyle, the backboard being arranged on the axle sleeve, from And backboard is rotated by axle sleeve on backrest axostylus axostyle, and axial support bar is set on the gap between axle sleeve, And the steering expansion link on support bar is turned to, the steering assistance bar being arranged on axle sleeve, the steering telescopic rod end and institute State the flexible connection of steering assistance boom end;And then can be by turning to the flexible rotation for realizing backboard of expansion link, Jin Ershi Now to the rotation at patient back so that patient's vertebra can realize activity, avoid cervical vertebra caused by keeping a position for a long time and Lumbar vertebrae problem;In addition, the auxiliary fixing module used includes the auxiliary transverse bar being arranged on walking support frame, it is arranged on described Aid in the auxiliary on transverse bar to fix expansion link, be arranged on the fixed supporting foot of the fixed telescopic rod end of the auxiliary;By auxiliary The flexible of fixed expansion link is helped to realize that fixation of the fixed supporting foot to ground is fixed with releasing;And the first vertical supporting used Bar, the second vertical supporting bar, leg vertical supporting bar, auxiliary telescopic bar, translate expansion link vertically, to turn to expansion link, auxiliary solid It is electric expansion bar to determine expansion link.

In addition, the modularization massage mechanism used includes the cylinder being arranged on translation mechanism, the both ends of the inside of cylinder The swivelling chute of annular is set, and inner barrel sets massage cylinder, and massage cylinder is arranged on swivelling chute by the fixed block of annular, cylinder Upper corresponding massage cylinder sets rotating mechanism, and air bag is set in massage cylinder, and inside air bag sets pressure relief mechanism, pressure release on massage cylinder First telescoping mechanism is set in mechanism, and the front end of the first telescoping mechanism, which is set, cuts somebody's hair.Massage cylinder passes through fixed block and swivelling chute energy It is enough after the leg of such patient is stretched into massage cylinder, massage cylinder to be rotated by rotating mechanism in cylinder internal rotation, can be with The angle of the mechanism of massage is adjusted, so as to massage any position of leg.Massage is by cutting somebody's hair come real It is existing, air bag will cut somebody's hair be wrapped in, it is on the one hand dust-proof, on the other hand also function to the effect of resilient protection.First telescoping mechanism is set Put and drive extruding leg of cutting somebody's hair to realize massage on pressure relief mechanism, pressure relief mechanism can ensure the pressure of massage and can avoid pressing Power crosses macrolesion leg, and the stroke of the first telescoping mechanism can be controlled by controlling organization, before massage by thigh circumference and Calf circumference is measured, and data are sent into controlling organization, and such controlling organization controls the first telescoping mechanism according to the fat or thin of people Elongation, however, to ensure that the dynamics of massage, it is still necessary to which larger extruding force, this just needs pressure relief mechanism to protect leg Shield, while a massage pressure time can be extended.

In addition, what several air admission holes and cylinder the second end that drying mechanism is set including cylinder first end were set Several ventholes, air admission hole are connected by air induction hose with the heating cavity being arranged on the outside of cylinder, are set in heating cavity Resistive heater, heating cavity connect with the first air pump, venthole connects with air-out hose, air-out hose and are disposed in the outdoor Second air pump connects.Drying mechanism be responsible for being dried during patient's leg massage, cylinder as modularization massage mechanism most Outside, its first end set air admission hole, and hot gas is sent into by the first air pump and resistive heater collective effect, and the second end passes through Second air pump is evacuated so that the hot gas of cylinder first end passes through out of massage cylinder, can so cause hot gas to patient leg heat Treat, while the sweat of patient leg can also be evaporated, avoid massage from terminating rear patient leg and suffer from cold, cause flu or arteriosclerosis and obstruction of lower limbs.

In addition, the rotating mechanism used includes the avoiding hollow groove set on cylinder, the lateral surface for massaging cylinder sets a circle Driven gear, driven gear are engaged with avoiding hollow groove, and the outside of cylinder sets the first motor, is corresponded on the first motor Avoiding hollow groove sets the driving gear being engaged with driven gear;First motor driving driving gear rotates, and driving gear It is ratcheting with driven gear to stretch into avoiding hollow groove, can so drive driven gear to rotate, so as to drive massage cylinder to rotate.

In addition, the pressure relief mechanism used includes the sealing drum set in massage cylinder, set in sealing drum axially vertical with it Piston plate, piston plate is connected one end connection of massage cylinder with sealing drum by compression spring, sets guide rod on piston plate, lead The pilot hole of sealing drum end set, the telescoping mechanism of end set first of guide rod are stretched out to bar, the central shaft of sealing drum prolongs Long line intersects with massaging the central axis of cylinder, sets opening on piston plate, sets damping fluid in sealing drum, in pilot hole Corresponding guide rod sets sealing ring;Damping fluid can use gel or the water with certain viscosity, and the first telescoping mechanism is stretched When long, cut somebody's hair and be expressed to leg, piston plate can be wanted to massage the direction motion of cylinder, and damping fluid slowly flows to piston plate from opening Opposite side, appropriate pressure can be ensured so during massage, pressure is excessive, and damping fluid flow velocity can add if running into It hurry up.Whole massage track is that translation machine drives cylinder translation, and a line of leg can be massaged, in a massage row Cheng Hou, piston plate are moved to the side of sealing drum, and the first telescoping mechanism is withdrawn, and translation mechanism drives cylinder to return to original position, Piston plate also returns to original position in the presence of compression spring, then starts next massage track.Existing technology is most The pressure of massage is detected using pressure sensor, but electronic device is because vulnerability causes security to decline, and controls journey Sequence is extremely complex, and effect is simultaneously bad, and the structure causes moderate pressure in the stroke of massage, safe, coordinates with translation mechanism Using effect is very good.

In addition, in order to coordinate with translation mechanism, cutting somebody's hair includes the connection batten of the first telescoping mechanism end set, connection strap Plate end set mounting ring, mounting ring is interior to set rotating shaft, and the both ends of rotating shaft set hemispheric elastomer block, and elastomer block is glued with rotating shaft Connect, the corresponding reserved rotation seam of connection batten between two elastomer blocks.Rotation seam can be minimized using connection batten, will not Massage is impacted, rotating shaft can be in mounting ring internal rotation, and when translation mechanism drives cylinder translation, elastomer block ensures pressure While it is in rotary moving in leg.

In addition, the translation mechanism used includes symmetrically arranged mounting blocks in mobile supporting plate, pass through bearing in mounting blocks Horizontally disposed leading screw, one end of leading screw and the second motor being arranged in mobile supporting plate are connected, and are set on mounting blocks The lead parallel with leading screw is put, translation base is set on leading screw and lead, translates and column is set on base, it is horizontal on column Hydraulic push rod is set, and down-set second telescoping mechanism in hydraulic push rod end, the second telescoping mechanism lower end passes through angular adjustment machine Structure setup module massage mechanism.On the one hand translation mechanism coordinates with the mechanism in massage cylinder, complete a massage track, another Massage mechanism can be moved to other positions by aspect, will not take the space in bed body.Band of the leading screw in the second motor It is dynamic lower to rotate, can be with X-axis position of the adjusting module massage mechanism in bed body, and hydraulic push rod adjusting module massage mechanism Y-axis position, any position on two legs can so be massaged.Angle adjusting mechanism can be to the axial angle of cylinder Degree is adjusted, and is adapted to the different positions of patient, more convenient.

In addition, the angle adjusting mechanism used includes the L-type support that the second telescoping mechanism lower end is set, under L-type support End sets swivel bearing, sets semicircular rotating disk on swivel bearing, sets latch in the cambered surface of rotating disk, under rotating disk Portion is connected along the axial direction of cylinder with cylinder, the 3rd motor of L-type support top setting, setting and latch on the 3rd motor The disk gear being engaged.The band Moving plate gear rotation of 3rd motor, disk gear drive semicircular rotating disk to rotate, can be with The cylinder that rotating disk bottom is installed carries out angular adjustment, and control is very convenient.

In addition, the controlling organization used includes the microcontroller being arranged on the walking support frame, pass through microcontroller Fixed program can be set wherein so that when patient or family numbers of patients are controlled by the button on controller, energy It is enough orderly to be controlled, it is ensured that the co-ordination of the device, and balance module is set on walking support frame, can to realize pair The dynamic monitoring of the present apparatus, the first loading plate, the height of the second loading plate can be dynamically adjusted, the angle of backboard, is avoided Patient takes uncomfortable phenomenon and occurred, and sets power supply on walking support frame, and the power supply used is chargeable lithium electricity Pond, light quality and endurance is strong, stable energy output is provided for the normal work of the present apparatus, and the balance module used Including MEMS accelerometer and MEMS gyroscope;So as to the dynamic regulation for the present apparatus, there is provided a stable monitoring modular.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the overlooking the structure diagram of the present invention;

Fig. 3 is the side structure schematic diagram at the load carrier of the present invention;

Fig. 4 is the overlooking the structure diagram at the load carrier of the present invention;

Fig. 5 is the structural representation of modularization massage mechanism of the present invention;

Fig. 6 is pressure relief mechanism of the present invention and the structural representation cut somebody's hair;

Fig. 7 is the structural representation of translation mechanism of the present invention;

Fig. 8 is the structural representation of angle adjusting mechanism of the present invention;

Fig. 9 is the structural representation of drying mechanism of the present invention.

Embodiment

To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention Accompanying drawing 1-9, the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.Obviously, described embodiment is this The part of the embodiment of invention, rather than whole embodiments.Based on described embodiments of the invention, the common skill in this area The every other embodiment that art personnel are obtained, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.

Embodiment one

A kind of hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs, including walking mechanism, the load carrier being arranged in walking mechanism, are arranged on institute State on load carrier and positioned at the backrest at rear portion, be arranged on the load carrier and positioned at anterior modularization massager Structure 11, the thigh support mechanism for being arranged on the load carrier and being engaged with the modularization massage mechanism 11, the mould The both ends of block massage mechanism set drying mechanism 100, and are arranged in the walking mechanism and are used to control the vehicle with walking machine Structure, load carrier, backrest, modularization massage mechanism, the controlling organization of drying mechanism 100 and thigh support mechanism;

The walking mechanism includes walking support frame 1, sets multiple road wheels 6 on walking support frame 1 bottom surface, is arranged on On the walking support frame 1 and the Auxiliary support module that is engaged with the load carrier, the walking support frame 1 the is arranged on The handrail 9 of side, the auxiliary fixing module being arranged on walking support frame 1.

The load carrier includes the first carrier module being arranged on the walking support frame 1, and is arranged on the row The second carrier module walked on support frame 1 and be engaged with first carrier module.

First carrier module includes two first vertical supporting bars 2 being arranged on the walking support frame 1, and sets The first loading plate 69 on the first vertical supporting bar 2;

Second carrier module includes being arranged on multiple parallel grooves 49 on the walking support frame 1, with the parallel groove 49 parallel sliding tracks 13 being engaged, the second transverse support bar 48 being connected with the parallel sliding track 13, are arranged on described second Cross-brace plate 50 in transverse support bar 48, two second vertical supporting bars 54 being arranged on cross-brace plate 50, set the The second loading plate 55 on two vertical supporting bars 54, and it is arranged on multiple road wheels 6 of the end of flat pattern slide rail 13.

The thigh support mechanism includes being arranged on the side of cross-brace plate 50 first and the horizontal slide rail on the second side 67, the two leg transverse support bars 51 at the both ends of horizontal slide rail 67 are arranged on, are arranged on the leg transverse support bar 51 The leg vertical supporting bar 52 of end, the upper end of leg vertical supporting bar 52 is arranged on, and be connected by tumbler 64 Leg neck 53.

The Auxiliary support module include be arranged on it is described walking support frame 1 on and with the phase of the second transverse support bar 48 The auxiliary telescopic bar 10 of cooperation.

Positioned at the side of cross-brace plate 50 second and it is arranged on the two vertical translation expansion links 66 in the outside of horizontal slide rail 67, It is arranged on the mobile supporting plate 65 of vertical translation expansion link 66 upper end, the translation mechanism being arranged in the mobile supporting plate 65 12, the modularization massage mechanism 11 being arranged on the translation mechanism 12.

The backrest includes the backrest axostylus axostyle 57 being connected with the walking support frame 1, is arranged on the backrest axle Multiple axle sleeves 59 on bar 57, the backboard 58 being arranged on the axle sleeve 59, the steering branch being arranged on the backrest axostylus axostyle 57 Strut 62, the steering expansion link 61 being arranged on the steering support bar 62, the steering assistance bar 60 being arranged on axle sleeve 59, institute The steering end of expansion link 61 is stated to be flexibly connected with the end of steering assistance bar 60.

The auxiliary fixing module includes the auxiliary transverse bar 3 being arranged on walking support frame 1, and it is horizontal to be arranged on the auxiliary Expansion link 4 is fixed to the auxiliary on bar 3, is arranged on the fixed supporting foot 5 of the fixed end of expansion link 4 of the auxiliary.

The parallel sliding track used in the embodiment, for rectangle slide rail and rectangle sliding groove structure, can and be set with parallel groove Parallel sliding track length be longer than the length of cross-brace plate, and then be able to ensure that after the second carrier module is unfolded, smooth slide rail Also there is a big chunk length to be joined with parallel groove, it is ensured that the stability after unfolding, the leg neck used for The semicircle slot structure being engaged with leg, and be provided with air-vent wherein, so that it is guaranteed that aeration, in the winter time when can be thereon It is provided with for warming heat-preservation cotton.

In addition, the road wheel used for universal wheel, can obtain while support very well is obtained and turn to effect well Fruit, the backboard used for the compact globoidal structure of human body, and be provided with air-vent, can avoid back by The phenomenon that the skin of back caused by poor air permeability damages occurs, and also can have disposed thereon fastening straps to avoid showing for patient's landing As occurring;And the parallel orbit positioned at walking carrier bottom be gate frame, it can be ensured that structural stability, and the of use Bridging bar between two transverse support bars and two parallel orbits is attached, it is ensured that the stability of structure.

Embodiment two

The difference of itself and embodiment one is:The controlling organization includes the microcontroller being arranged on the walking support frame 1 8, it is connected for microcontroller 8 with described and is arranged on the controller 56 on first loading plate 63, is arranged on the walking Balance module 9 on support frame 1, it is arranged on the power supply 7 being connected on walking support frame 1 and with the microcontroller 8.

The balance module 9 includes MEMS accelerometer and MEMS gyroscope.

The MEMS accelerometer and MEMS gyroscope used in the embodiment can be stablized and quickly to the steady of the present apparatus Property be monitored, it is ensured that the stability of present apparatus operation, and can quickly be adjusted when detecting that the present apparatus shifts Whole, the phenomenon for avoiding toppling over occurs, it is ensured that the safety of patient, decreases the nursing difficulty of nursing staff or family members;And adopt Controller is conventional key control panel, can also be that smart mobile phone APP is controlled certainly.

Embodiment three

The difference of itself and embodiment two is:The modularization massage mechanism 11 includes the cylinder being arranged on the translation mechanism 12 Body 14, the both ends of the inside of the cylinder 14 set the swivelling chute 15 of annular, and the inside of cylinder 14 sets massage cylinder 17, described Massage cylinder 17 is arranged on the swivelling chute 15 by the fixed block 16 of annular, and the massage cylinder 17 is corresponded on the cylinder 14 and is set Rotating mechanism is put, air bag 68 is set in the massage cylinder 17, pressure release machine is set on the massage cylinder 17 inside the air bag 68 Structure 21, sets the first telescoping mechanism 23 on the pressure relief mechanism 21, and the front end of first telescoping mechanism 23, which is set, cuts somebody's hair 24.

The drying mechanism includes several air admission holes 109 and the cylinder 14 that the first end of cylinder 14 is set Several ventholes 103 that the second end is set, the air admission hole 109 is by air induction hose 108 and is arranged on the cylinder 14 The heating cavity 104 in outside connects, and sets resistive heater 106 in the heating cavity 104, the heating cavity 104 and the One air pump 107 connects, and the venthole 103 connects with air-out hose 102, the air-out hose 102 and be disposed in the outdoor the Two air pumps 101 connect.

The rotating mechanism includes the avoiding hollow groove 18 set on the cylinder 14, and the lateral surface of the massage cylinder 17 is set A circle driven gear 20 is put, the driven gear 20 is engaged with the avoiding hollow groove 18, and the outside of the cylinder 14 sets first Motor 22, the avoiding hollow groove 18 is corresponded on first motor 22 master being engaged with the driven gear 20 is set Moving gear 19.

The pressure relief mechanism 21 includes the sealing drum 26 set in the massage cylinder 17, set in the sealing drum 26 and its Axially vertical piston plate 27, the piston plate 27 are connected one end of massage cylinder 17 by compression spring 25 with the sealing drum 26 Connect, guide rod 29 is set on the piston plate 27, the guide rod 29 stretches out the pilot hole of the end set of sealing drum 26 30, the first telescoping mechanism 23 described in the end set of the guide rod 29, the central shaft extended line of the sealing drum 26 with it is described The central axis of massage cylinder 17 intersects, and opening 28 is set on the piston plate 27, damping fluid is set in the sealing drum 26 Body, the guide rod 29 is corresponded in the pilot hole 30 sealing ring is set.

The 24 connection battens 31 for including the end set of the first telescoping mechanism 23 of cutting somebody's hair, connection batten 31 end Portion sets mounting ring 33, and rotating shaft 34 is set in the mounting ring 33, and the both ends of the rotating shaft 34 set hemispheric elastomer block 35, The elastomer block 35 is be bonded with the rotating shaft 34, and the reserved rotation seam of the connection batten 31 is corresponded between two elastomer blocks 35 32。

The translation mechanism 12 includes symmetrically arranged mounting blocks 67 in the mobile supporting plate 65, in the mounting blocks 67 Leading screw 40, one end of the leading screw 40 and the second driving electricity being arranged in the mobile supporting plate 65 are horizontally disposed with by bearing Machine 36 is connected, and the lead 41 parallel with the leading screw 40, the leading screw 40 and lead are set on the mounting blocks 67 Translation base 38 is set on 41, column 37 is set on the translation base 38, hydraulic push rod 39 is horizontally disposed with the column 37, Down-set second telescoping mechanism 42 in the end of hydraulic push rod 39, the lower end of the second telescoping mechanism 42 passes through angular adjustment machine Structure sets the modularization massage mechanism 11.

The angle adjusting mechanism includes the L-type support 43 that the lower end of the second telescoping mechanism 42 is set, the L-type support 43 lower end sets swivel bearing 47, and semicircular rotating disk 46, the arc of the rotating disk 46 are set on the swivel bearing 47 Latch is set on face, and the axial direction of the bottom of the rotating disk 46 along the cylinder 14 is connected with the cylinder 14, the L-type support 43 tops set the 3rd motor 44, and the disk gear 45 being engaged with the latch is set on the 3rd motor 44.

The modularization massage mechanism used in the embodiment efficiently can carry out massaging and physiotherapeutical to the leg of patient so that Loosened well the leg of patient, it is ensured that the comfortableness that patient takes, can be obtained while being breathed freely very well Efficiently loosen.And sweat caused by patient can be dried among massage, patient suffers from cold after avoiding massage, safety Property is higher.

Example IV

A kind of method of work of hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs:

S1, patient is placed on the first carrier module, then passes through the angle and the first carrier module that controller adjusts backrest Height, and by the second carrier module by being stretched out in carrier, and the leg of patient is put into the neck of leg, and make it that second holds Support plate and the first loading plate are same level;

S2 and then need to control the distance between the height of leg neck and two necks and frequency according to patient, realize Lift leg action to act with folding leg, and the present apparatus will be moved to the region of spaciousness by family numbers of patients by handrail, then pass through The extension of the fixed expansion link of auxiliary causes fixed supporting foot to be contacted with ground, realizes and fixes;

It is real by the lifting of huckle and the leg neck of calf when S3 and then patient are massaged leg as needed Leg action is now lifted, then by controller come the position that controls needs to massage, and fulcrum is used as by leg neck, it is ensured that module Specified location can smoothly be reached by changing massage mechanism;

S4, in massage processes, open the first air pump, the second air pump and resistive heater so that hot gas slave module massager Passed through inside structure, sweat caused by patient's lower limb is dried;

S5, after massage, modularization massage mechanism is resetted by translation mechanism, and backrest is realized by controller The batch (-type) angle adjustment of plate, and the height back and forth of two first loading plates switch;Ensure the blood circulation of patient's buttocks, and it is right The activity of cervical vertebra and lumbar vertebrae;

S6, during patient takes, can be according to flat if it is mobile when causing present apparatus centre-of gravity shift thereon to occur patient The data point reuse for the module that weighs corresponds to the angle of the first loading plate, the second loading plate, leg neck and backboard, and realization ensures this dress Put the stability of operation.

Described above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those skilled in the art For, on the premise of principle of the present invention is not departed from, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications It should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs, it is characterised in that:Including walking mechanism, the carrying being arranged in walking mechanism Mechanism, it is arranged on the load carrier and positioned at the backrest at rear portion, is arranged on the load carrier and positioned at front portion Modularization massage mechanism, the thigh support machine for being arranged on the load carrier and being engaged with the modularization massage mechanism Structure, the both ends of the modularization massage mechanism set drying mechanism, and are arranged in the walking mechanism described for controlling Walking mechanism, load carrier, backrest, modularization massage mechanism, the controlling organization of drying mechanism and thigh support mechanism.
  2. 2. hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The walking mechanism includes walking branch Support, multiple road wheels on the walking support frame bottom surface are set, be arranged on the walking support frame and with the carrying The Auxiliary support module that mechanism is engaged, the handrail of walking support frame first side is arranged on, is arranged on walking support frame Auxiliary fixing module;
    The load carrier includes the first carrier module being arranged on the walking support frame, and is arranged on the walking support The second carrier module being engaged on frame and with first carrier module.
  3. 3. hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:First carrier module includes setting The two first vertical supporting bars on the walking support frame are put, and the first carrying being arranged on the first vertical supporting bar Plate;
    Second carrier module includes being arranged on multiple parallel grooves on the walking support frame, matches with the parallel groove The parallel sliding track of conjunction, the second transverse support bar being connected with the parallel sliding track, it is arranged in second transverse support bar Cross-brace plate, two second vertical supporting bars being arranged on cross-brace plate, be arranged on the second vertical supporting bar Two loading plates, and it is arranged on multiple road wheels of the parallel orbit end.
  4. 4. hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The thigh support mechanism includes setting The horizontal slide rail on the side of cross-brace plate first and the second side is put, is arranged on two legs at the horizontal slide rail both ends Transverse support bar, the leg vertical supporting bar of the leg cross-brace boom end is arranged on, the leg is arranged on and vertically props up Strut upper end, and the leg neck being connected by tumbler.
  5. 5. hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:Positioned at the cross-brace plate second Side and two vertical translation expansion links being arranged on the outside of horizontal slide rail, are arranged on the mobile support of vertical translation expansion link upper end Plate, the translation mechanism being arranged in the mobile supporting plate, the modularization massage mechanism being arranged on the translation mechanism.
  6. 6. hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The backrest include with it is described The backrest axostylus axostyle that walking support frame is connected, is arranged on multiple axle sleeves on the backrest axostylus axostyle, is arranged on leaning on the axle sleeve Backboard, the steering support bar being arranged on the backrest axostylus axostyle, the steering expansion link being arranged on the steering support bar, set Steering assistance bar on axle sleeve, the steering telescopic rod end are flexibly connected with the steering assistance boom end.
  7. 7. hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The modularization massage mechanism includes The cylinder being arranged on translation mechanism, the both ends of the inside of the cylinder set the swivelling chute of annular, and the inner barrel is set Cylinder is massaged, the massage cylinder is arranged on the swivelling chute by the fixed block of annular, and the massage cylinder is corresponded on the cylinder Rotating mechanism is set, air bag is set in the massage cylinder, and the inside air bag sets pressure relief mechanism on the massage cylinder, described First telescoping mechanism is set on pressure relief mechanism, and the front end of first telescoping mechanism, which is set, cuts somebody's hair.
  8. 8. hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that:The rotating mechanism includes the cylinder The avoiding hollow groove set on body, the lateral surface of the massage cylinder set a circle driven gear, and the driven gear is kept away with described Dead slot is engaged, and the outside of the cylinder sets the first motor, and corresponding to the avoiding hollow groove on first motor sets Put the driving gear being engaged with the driven gear.
  9. 9. hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs as claimed in claim 8, it is characterised in that:The pressure relief mechanism includes described press The interior sealing drum set of the cylinder that rubs, the sealing drum is interior to set the piston plate axially vertical with it, and the piston plate is by compressing bullet Spring is connected one end connection of massage cylinder with the sealing drum, and guide rod is set on the piston plate, described in the guide rod stretches out The pilot hole of sealing drum end set, the first telescoping mechanism described in the end set of the guide rod, the center of the sealing drum Axle extended line intersects with the central axis of the massage cylinder, and opening is set on the piston plate, is set in the sealing drum Damping fluid, the guide rod is corresponded in the pilot hole sealing ring is set.
  10. 10. hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that:The drying mechanism includes described Several ventholes that several air admission holes and the cylinder the second end that cylinder first end is set are set, the air inlet Hole is connected by air induction hose with the heating cavity being arranged on the outside of the cylinder, and adding thermal resistance is set in the heating cavity Silk, the heating cavity connect with the first air pump, and the venthole connects with air-out hose, and the air-out hose is with being arranged on room Outer the second air pump connection.
CN201711031067.1A 2017-10-29 2017-10-29 A kind of hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs CN107595554A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711031067.1A CN107595554A (en) 2017-10-29 2017-10-29 A kind of hospital patient recovery set for lower limbs

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109966073A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-07-05 宋爱菊 A kind of nursing bed and the conveyer based on the nursing bed

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CN202158129U (en) * 2011-07-22 2012-03-07 天津市泓锋泰汽车改装有限公司 Novel double-rod hydraulic type vehicle damper
CN203841872U (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-09-24 李科 Lumbar vertebra and cervical vertebra comprehensive physiotherapy recovery bed
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CN204562610U (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-08-19 张树立 A kind of Medical orthopedic recovery chair
CN205053410U (en) * 2015-08-14 2016-03-02 包文波 Chair
EP3064187A1 (en) * 2015-03-06 2016-09-07 ArjoHuntleigh AB Patient transfer and training aid
CN106178177A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-12-07 洪明 A kind of for the interim massage armchair of having an injection having a rest
CN205832135U (en) * 2016-06-19 2016-12-28 徐志华 A kind of lower limb exercise masseur
CN206151829U (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-05-10 浙江豪中豪健康产品有限公司 Differential flexible low limbs massager
CN206540370U (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-10-03 绍兴雄劲针织有限公司 A kind of convenient and practical Eider down processing drying unit

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202158129U (en) * 2011-07-22 2012-03-07 天津市泓锋泰汽车改装有限公司 Novel double-rod hydraulic type vehicle damper
CN203841872U (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-09-24 李科 Lumbar vertebra and cervical vertebra comprehensive physiotherapy recovery bed
CN204106374U (en) * 2014-08-15 2015-01-21 吴淑瑶 A kind of wheelchair with foot massage
EP3064187A1 (en) * 2015-03-06 2016-09-07 ArjoHuntleigh AB Patient transfer and training aid
CN204562610U (en) * 2015-03-10 2015-08-19 张树立 A kind of Medical orthopedic recovery chair
CN205053410U (en) * 2015-08-14 2016-03-02 包文波 Chair
CN205832135U (en) * 2016-06-19 2016-12-28 徐志华 A kind of lower limb exercise masseur
CN106178177A (en) * 2016-07-19 2016-12-07 洪明 A kind of for the interim massage armchair of having an injection having a rest
CN206151829U (en) * 2016-08-12 2017-05-10 浙江豪中豪健康产品有限公司 Differential flexible low limbs massager
CN206540370U (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-10-03 绍兴雄劲针织有限公司 A kind of convenient and practical Eider down processing drying unit

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109966073A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-07-05 宋爱菊 A kind of nursing bed and the conveyer based on the nursing bed

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