CN107593239A - A kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium - Google Patents

A kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium Download PDF

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CN107593239A
CN107593239A CN201711044805.6A CN201711044805A CN107593239A CN 107593239 A CN107593239 A CN 107593239A CN 201711044805 A CN201711044805 A CN 201711044805A CN 107593239 A CN107593239 A CN 107593239A
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tea
raw
culture medium
management
cultivation
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张士康
张海华
朱跃进
刘均
潘俊娴
吕杨俊
蒋玉兰
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HANGZHOU TEA INST ALL-CHINA SUPPLY AND MARKETING GENERAL COOPERATIVE
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HANGZHOU TEA INST ALL-CHINA SUPPLY AND MARKETING GENERAL COOPERATIVE
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium, comprise the following steps:(a) tea based raw material collection management;(b) tea based raw material management processing;(c) domestomycetes strain selection management;(d) tea base culture medium dispensing management;(e) culture medium raw material mixes;(f) culture medium inoculated management;(g) domestomycetes bacterium germination management;(h) tea place cultivation and management of producing mushroom.The tea bush trimmer branch domestomycetes tea place interaction ecological circulation cultivation mode that the present invention uses can not only realize that tea resource increases the attached output value as base-material culturing edible fungus, and the small molecule nutriment that tea branch time soil is formed under the comprehensive function of domestomycetes and edaphon can also provide nutrient so as to promote growth of tea plant to tea tree, form a complete ecological circulation process, both tea tree and edible mushroom interaction are realized, increases the ecological effect and economic benefit in tea place.

Description

A kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium, belong to ecology The tea of circular agriculture transboundary application field.
Background technology
China's Tea Production has strong seasonality, the tea area especially based on Famous High-quality Tea, time tea place intermittent phase length (8- 9 months), during which tea garden management needs periodically to trim tea tree, and trimming branch length can reach 30-100cm, generate huge The tea bush trimmer branch of amount, it is discarded not utilize;Tea bush trimmer branch is because wood fibre content is high, not perishable degraded, and level land tea Garden can also be because being tea tree bad root phenomenon caused by water acts on.Tea bush trimmer branch, which abandons, not to be had to or burns not only cause resource wave Take, but also destroy ecological environment.At present with regard to how using Pruning Away Branches resource and how to improve the economic benefit in tea place be tea The problem of garden manager's urgent need to resolve.
The comprehensive utilization of tea processing/deep processing is using tealeaves as raw material, and developing suitable need product and improve tea to greatest extent The added value of leaf, such as using first tea making leaf or fresh tea passes as raw material, from simple such as instant tea, the tea paste and various of being reprocessed into Cakes and sweetmeats product etc., to such as be esterified using chemical method, derivative to functional components progress structure of modification in tealeaves, and by the work( Energy property composition is applied to food and other field, such as fine chemistry industry, the deep development of field of medicaments.Exemplified by 2016, we Tea yield exceedes 2,300,000 tons, and the tealeaves for accounting for total output 1/3 is used for deep processing, and about 70% is left as a considerable number of Deep processing accessory substance-tea dust, tea stalk and tea grounds etc., it is significant wastage to the part tea resource to abandon or pass into disuse.
At the same time, China or Edible Fungi and consumption big country, because fruit body of edible fungi it is delicious it is fresh and tender, nutrition is rich Fu Shen is liked by consumers in general, and is goed deep into research work, and new varieties are constantly found, and become increasingly abundant China's food With bacterium quality resource base resource.Edible mushroom mainly includes straw rotting fungus and domestomycetes, and wherein domestomycetes cultivation is more with wood chip, cotton seed hulls For base-material culture, the digestive enzymes such as polyphenol oxidase are produced because domestomycetes can secrete, and it is slightly fine using this enzyme as catalyst degradation Dimension, so as to efficiently utilize crude fibre, especially lignin.With implementing for forest conservation system, the wood needed for Edible Fungi Matter raw material supply is very nervous, and cost constantly rises, and benefit space is constantly extruded, and directly affects and restricts mushroom industry Development.
Application number CN2016107081600 Chinese patent application discloses edible fungi complex ecological under a kind of natural forests and planted Culture method, include the selection in forest land, planting season arranges, edible fungus culturing, daily management and harvesting step.Referred in this application Main purpose is to reduce mushroom house to build cost, using sylvan life soil, but to cultivating rate, it is not specific to the impact effect of soil Explanation.
The content of the invention
In view of the shortcomings of the prior art, the purpose of the present invention is to propose to a kind of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium Ecological interaction cultivation mode, the wide static land resource in tea place can either be taken full advantage of, can also promote tea based raw material In the nutrition of tea base reduction maintain Tea Garden Soil Fertility;Both the labour of worker in factory had been taken full advantage of, has also increased that tea place is non-to adopt Pluck the income of phase;Both promoted the exploitation transboundary of summer and autumn tea resource, full price utilizes, and can enough accomplish it is economic and environment-friendly, therefore With good social benefit.
The present invention solves the technical scheme that its technical problem uses:
A kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium, comprises the following steps:(a) tea Based raw material collection management:Tea based raw material is collected, is stored in stand-by at aeration-drying after drying, wherein tea based raw material is tea bush trimmer Branch, instant tea, Tea Polyphenols production and processing accessory substance tea grounds or the tea dust in tea processing, the one or more in tea stalk;
(b) tea based raw material management processing:Pulverize and sieve, mesh size 5-15mm, be placed in after packed collection at aeration-drying Preserve stand-by;
(c) domestomycetes strain selection management:Select the domestomycetes suitably grown in wooden base-material;
(d) tea base culture medium dispensing management:Weigh culture medium for cultivating raw material, the culture medium raw material include Cultivation use, Cultivation auxiliary material, tea based raw material, nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical and pH adjusting agent, wherein Cultivation use account for culture medium raw material mass percent 40-65%, cultivation auxiliary material account for the 15-25% of culture medium raw material mass percent, and tea based raw material accounts for culture medium raw material quality percentage The 5-40% of ratio, nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical account for the 1-5% of culture medium raw material mass percent, and pH adjusting agent accounts for culture medium raw material quality hundred Divide the 1-5% of ratio;
(e) culture medium raw material mixes:Each raw material in step (d) is mixed and stirred for, while stirring plus water mixes, will be aqueous Amount is adjusted to 50-60%, and mixing after fermentation prepares culture medium;
(f) culture medium inoculated management:Domestomycetes is seeded to culture medium obtained by step (e), culture medium in an aseptic environment Mass ratio with strain is 100:5-10;
(g) domestomycetes bacterium germination management:Control bacterium germination condition promotes bacterium bag bacterium germination;
(h) tea place cultivation and management of producing mushroom:Bacterium bag is taken off into bag soil covering culture in tea place, utilizes seasonal climate and tea The temperature and humidity condition of garden sprinkling irrigation equipment control tea garden soil carries out management of producing mushroom, and collects fresh mushroom.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the application, in the step (a), tea based raw material drying process process is as follows: According to tea place trimming program trimming tea tree branch, rejecting is gone mouldy rotten leaf, remaining tea limb it is dry to solid aqueous amount be 16-20%, It is stored in stand-by at aeration-drying;Instant tea, Tea Polyphenols production and processing accessory substance tea grounds, by mechanical presses or are dried to solid Water content 20-30%, it is stored in stand-by at aeration-drying;Tea dust, tea stalk in tea processing, dry to moisture 7- 10%, it is stored in stand-by at aeration-drying.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the application, in the step (a), trim control branch length in program and exist 30-100cm, drying mode are natural air drying or heated-air drying.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the application, in the step (c), domestomycetes is selected from mushroom, long root mushroom, flat One or more in mushroom, White mushroom, ganoderma lucidum, elegant precious mushroom, asparagus, coprinus comatus and agaric.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the application, in the step (d), Cultivation use includes 15-30% mass hundred Divide the wood chip of ratio, the cotton seed hulls of 25-45% mass percents, cultivate the wheat bran that auxiliary material is 15-25% mass percents, tea base The mass percent of material is 10-30%, and nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical includes the glucose of 1-2% mass percents, and pH adjusting agent includes The calcium superphosphate or calcium carbonate of 1-2% mass percents.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the application, in the step (f), bacteria stick will pass through sterilization treatment before inoculation.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the application, in the step (g), described bacterium germination condition is:Temperature 20-30 DEG C, humidity 65-75%.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme of the application, in step (h) the tea place cultivation and management of producing mushroom, including it is as follows Step:
(h1) after mycelium germination is covered with bacterium bag, 15-25 DEG C preserves 1-2 months;
(h2) deep 30cm, wide 30cm bar ditch are excavated away from tea tree root 20cm in tea place, ted 2-3 days;
(h3) the bacteria stick transversely compact proper alignment of de- bag, earthing are filled up into gap, earthing thickness 10-20cm and smooth table Face, pour water;
(h4) tea garden environment parameter is controlled using tea place sprinkling irrigation equipment and sun-shading equipment, after mushroom body is formed and is harvested, Soil moisture is kept using spray irrigation system.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the advantages that:
(1) tea bush trimmer branch resource is ecological, sustainable circulating resources, and tea bush trimmer branch resource is produced to edible mushroom Industry converts, by the ability of domestomycetes efficient degradation lignocellulosic and the comprehensive function of edaphon, by tea bush trimmer The wood fibre of difficult degradation is converted into the absorbable small molecule nutriment of tea tree in branch, so as to promote growth of tea plant, improve tea Leaf quality, tea bush trimmer branch-edible mushroom-tea place can form a complete ecological recycle system, realize tea tree and edible mushroom Both ecological interactions, add the ecological effect and economic benefit in tea place.
(2) cultivation mode that uses of the present invention, cultivating rate improve more than 5%, add yield, the phenols in tea based raw material Material can also reduce edible mushroom contamination rate, reduce Edible Fungi cost, waste edible fungus bacteria stick, bacteria residue after harvest can also back feedings Tea place, reduction fertilizer cost about 10%.
(3) the tea based raw material of the selection of the present invention, wide material sources and cheap are implemented, and tea tree gap is idle space Filling, it is used without paying extra charge.
Embodiment
The present invention is described in further details with reference to embodiments.Unreceipted particular technique or condition in embodiment Person, carried out according to the technology described by document in the art or condition.The unreceipted factory of raw materials used or instrument and equipment Business's, it is accordingly to be regarded as the conventional products that can be bought by market.
Embodiment 1
A kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium, comprises the following steps:
(a) tea based raw material collection management, according to tea place trimming program trimming tea tree branch, trim in program and control branch length In 30-100cm, the rotten leaf that goes mouldy is rejected, remaining tea branch heated-air drying to solid aqueous amount is 16%, is stored in aeration-drying It is stand-by in warehouse;
(b) tea based raw material management processing, branch being crushed, tea dust of the mesh size control after 10mm, crushing is packed stand-by, Room ventilation is kept to dry.
(c) domestomycetes strain selection management, from Genus Oudeman Siella Spec edible mushroom --- long root mushroom;
(d) tea base culture medium dispensing management, weigh culture medium for cultivating raw material, the culture medium raw material include Cultivation use, Auxiliary material, tea based raw material, nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical and pH adjusting agent are cultivated, wherein Cultivation use is wood chip and cotton seed hulls, and wood chip accounts for culture Based raw material mass percent 30%, cotton seed hulls account for the 35% of culture medium raw material mass percent, cultivation auxiliary material is wheat bran, accounts for training The 20% of based raw material mass percent is supported, tea based raw material accounts for the 5% of culture medium raw material mass percent, and nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical is sugar, It is calcium carbonate to account for the 5% of culture medium raw material mass percent, pH adjusting agent, accounts for the 5% of culture medium raw material mass percent;
(e) culture medium raw material is mixed, and each raw material in step (d) is mixed and stirred for, and while stirring plus water mixes, will be aqueous Amount is adjusted to 50%, and mixing after fermentation prepares culture medium;
(f) culture medium inoculated management, domestomycetes is seeded to culture medium obtained by step (e), culture medium in an aseptic environment Mass ratio with strain is 100:5;
(g) domestomycetes bacterium germination management, bacterium germination condition are:20-30 DEG C, humidity 65-75%;
(h) tea place cultivation and management of producing mushroom comprise the following steps that:
(h1) after mycelium germination is covered with bacterium bag, 15-25 DEG C preserves 1-2 and promotes mycelia to accumulate nutrition in individual month;
(h2) soil covering culture management of producing mushroom is carried out in the 6-7 months according to the habit of long root mushroom, in tea place away from tea tree root 20cm excavates deep 30cm, wide 30cm bar ditch, teds 2-3 days;
(h3) the bacteria stick transversely compact proper alignment of de- bag, earthing are filled up into gap, earthing thickness 10-20cm and smooth table Face, pour water;
(h4) tea place sprinkling irrigation equipment and sun-shading equipment control tea garden environment parameter are utilized:30-35 DEG C of temperature, humidity 75- 80 DEG C, 25-30 DEG C of earthing temperature, light transmittance is less than 30%, after mushroom body is formed and is harvested, keeps soil wet using spray irrigation system Degree.
Embodiment 2
A kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium, comprises the following steps:(a) tea Based raw material collection management, from tea bush trimmer branch and production of instant tea processing byproduct tea grounds as tea based raw material, drying process Process is as follows:According to tea place trimming program trimming tea tree branch, trim control branch length in program and gone mouldy in 30-100cm, rejecting Rot leaf, and remaining tea branch heated-air drying to solid aqueous amount is 18%, is stored in stand-by in the warehouse of aeration-drying;Instant tea is given birth to Processing byproduct tea grounds is produced, by mechanical presses or dries to solid aqueous amount 20%, is stored in stand-by at aeration-drying;
(b) tea based raw material management processing, sieving, mesh size 5mm, is placed in aeration-drying warehouse after packed collection and preserves It is stand-by;
(c) domestomycetes strain selection management, selects Lentinus edible mushroom-mushroom;
(d) tea base culture medium dispensing management, weigh culture medium for cultivating raw material, the culture medium raw material include Cultivation use, Auxiliary material, tea based raw material, nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical and pH adjusting agent are cultivated, wherein Cultivation use is wood chip and cotton seed hulls, and wood chip accounts for culture Based raw material mass percent 15%, cotton seed hulls account for culture medium raw material mass percent 25% cultivation auxiliary material be wheat bran, account for training The 15% of based raw material mass percent is supported, tea based raw material accounts for the 40% of culture medium raw material mass percent, and nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical is sugar, The 1% of culture medium raw material mass percent is accounted for, pH adjusting agent is calcium carbonate, accounts for the conditioning agent of culture medium raw material mass percent 1%;
(e) culture medium raw material is mixed, and each raw material in step (d) is mixed and stirred for, and while stirring plus water mixes, will be aqueous Amount is adjusted to 60%, and mixing after fermentation prepares culture medium;
(f) culture medium inoculated management, domestomycetes is seeded to culture medium obtained by step (e), culture medium in an aseptic environment Mass ratio with strain is 100:10;
(g) domestomycetes bacterium germination management, bacterium germination condition are 22-26 DEG C, humidity 65-75%;
(h) tea place cultivation and management of producing mushroom comprise the following steps that:
(h1) after mycelium germination is covered with bacterium bag, 15-25 DEG C preserves 1-2 months;
(h2) soil covering culture management of producing mushroom is carried out in the 8-9 months according to the habit of mushroom, in tea place away from tea tree root 20cm excavates deep 30cm, wide 30cm bar ditch, teds 2-3 days;
(h3) the bacteria stick transversely compact proper alignment of de- bag, earthing are filled up into gap, earthing thickness 10-20cm and smooth table Face, pour water;
(h4) tea place sprinkling irrigation equipment and sun-shading equipment control tea garden environment parameter are utilized:18-25 DEG C of temperature, humidity 55- 70%th, 20-25 DEG C of earthing temperature, light transmittance are less than 30%, after mushroom body is formed and is harvested, keep soil wet using spray irrigation system Degree.
Embodiment 3
A kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium, comprises the following steps:
(a) tea based raw material collection management, the tea dust produced and processed from Tea Polyphenols in accessory substance tea grounds and tea processing are made For tea based raw material;Tea based raw material drying process process is as follows:Tea Polyphenols produces and processes accessory substance tea grounds, passes through mechanical presses or dry It is dry to solid aqueous amount 30%, be stored in stand-by at aeration-drying;Tea dust in tea processing, dry to moisture 7%, protect It is stored in stand-by at aeration-drying.
(b) tea based raw material management processing, branch being crushed, tea dust of the mesh size control after 15mm, crushing is packed stand-by, Room ventilation is kept to dry.
(c) domestomycetes strain selection management, from flat mushroom category edible mushroom-flat mushroom;
(d) tea base culture medium dispensing management, weigh culture medium for cultivating raw material, the culture medium raw material include Cultivation use, Auxiliary material, tea based raw material, nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical and pH adjusting agent are cultivated, wherein Cultivation use is wood chip and cotton seed hulls, and wood chip accounts for culture Based raw material mass percent 15%, cotton seed hulls account for the 45% of culture medium raw material mass percent, cultivation auxiliary material is wheat bran, accounts for training The 25% of based raw material mass percent is supported, tea based raw material accounts for the 10% of culture medium raw material mass percent, and nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical is sugar, It is calcium carbonate to account for the 2% of culture medium raw material mass percent, pH adjusting agent, accounts for the 3% of culture medium raw material mass percent;
(e) culture medium raw material is mixed, and each raw material in step (d) is mixed and stirred for, and while stirring plus water mixes, will be aqueous Amount is adjusted to 50%, and mixing after fermentation prepares culture medium;
(f) culture medium inoculated management, domestomycetes is seeded to culture medium obtained by step (e), culture medium in an aseptic environment Mass ratio with strain is 100:7;
(g) domestomycetes bacterium germination management, bacterium germination condition are:20-30 DEG C, humidity 65-75%;
(h) tea place cultivation and management of producing mushroom comprise the following steps that:
(h1) after mycelium germination is covered with bacterium bag, 15-25 DEG C preserves 1-2 and promotes mycelia to accumulate nutrition in individual month;
(h2) soil covering culture management of producing mushroom is carried out in early October according to the habit of long root mushroom, in tea place away from tea root Portion 20cm excavates deep 30cm, wide 30cm bar ditch, teds 2-3 days;
(h3) the bacteria stick transversely compact proper alignment of de- bag, earthing are filled up into gap, earthing thickness 10-20cm and smooth table Face, pour water;
(h4) tea place sprinkling irrigation equipment and sun-shading equipment control tea garden environment parameter are utilized:20-25 DEG C of temperature, humidity 50- 55 DEG C, 20-25 DEG C of earthing temperature, light transmittance is less than 30%, after mushroom body is formed and is harvested, keeps soil wet using spray irrigation system Degree.
Embodiment 4
A kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium, comprises the following steps:
(a) tea based raw material collection management, tea based raw material are the tea stalk in tea bush trimmer branch or tea processing;Tea based raw material is done Dry processing procedure is as follows:According to tea place trimming program trimming tea tree branch, trim and control branch length to pick in 30-100cm in program Except the rotten leaf that goes mouldy, remaining tea branch heated-air drying to solid aqueous amount is 18%, is stored in stand-by in the warehouse of aeration-drying;Tea Tea stalk in leaf processing, dries to moisture 10%, is stored in stand-by at aeration-drying;
(b) tea based raw material management processing, branch being crushed, tea dust of the mesh size control after 10mm, crushing is packed stand-by, Room ventilation is kept to dry.
(c) domestomycetes strain selection management, from Auricularia edible mushroom-agaric;
(d) tea base culture medium dispensing management, weigh culture medium for cultivating raw material, the culture medium raw material include Cultivation use, Auxiliary material, tea based raw material, nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical and pH adjusting agent are cultivated, wherein Cultivation use is wood chip and cotton seed hulls, and wood chip accounts for culture The 22% of based raw material mass percent, cotton seed hulls account for the 30% of culture medium raw material mass percent, and cultivation auxiliary material is wheat bran, accounts for training The 18% of based raw material mass percent is supported, tea based raw material accounts for the 23% of culture medium raw material mass percent, and nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical is sugar, It is calcium carbonate to account for the 3% of culture medium raw material mass percent, pH adjusting agent, accounts for the 2% of culture medium raw material mass percent;
(e) culture medium raw material is mixed, and each raw material in step (d) is mixed and stirred for, and while stirring plus water mixes, will be aqueous Amount is adjusted to 50%, and mixing after fermentation prepares culture medium;
(f) culture medium inoculated management, domestomycetes is seeded to culture medium obtained by step (e), culture medium in an aseptic environment Mass ratio with strain is 100:5;
(g) domestomycetes bacterium germination management, bacterium germination condition are:20-30 DEG C, humidity 65-75%;
(h) tea place cultivation and management of producing mushroom comprise the following steps that:
(h1) after mycelium germination is covered with bacterium bag, 15-25 DEG C preserves 1-2 and promotes mycelia to accumulate nutrition in individual month;
(h2) soil covering culture management of producing mushroom is carried out in the 6-7 months according to the habit of long root mushroom, in tea place away from tea tree root 20cm excavates deep 30cm, wide 30cm bar ditch, teds 2-3 days;
(h3) the bacteria stick transversely compact proper alignment of de- bag, earthing are filled up into gap, earthing thickness 10-20cm and smooth table Face, pour water;
(h4) tea place sprinkling irrigation equipment and sun-shading equipment control tea garden environment parameter are utilized:30-35 DEG C of temperature, humidity 75- 80 DEG C, 25-30 DEG C of earthing temperature, light transmittance is less than 30%, after mushroom body is formed and is harvested, keeps soil wet using spray irrigation system Degree.
Control group 1
Contrasted with embodiment 1, the thalline through tea bush trimmer branch culture is not planted in control group tea place, conventionally Tea place is safeguarded, plantation Second Year August takes its soil in trial zone and the sample of check plot two using multidraw method respectively Sample carries out soil moisture content and the measure of soil nutrient and the content of organic matter, and test plot is compared with control group, soil moisture content 16.81% is improved, the soil organism improves 36.56%, and full nitrogen, full phosphorus improve 23.84% and 23.93%, fast nitrogen, fast phosphorus and speed Potassium improves 20.56%, 9.24% and 29.02%.As shown in table 1.
The soil nutrient of table 1 and measurement of water-content coefficient compare
Control group 2
Being contrasted with embodiment 1, the bacterial strain after tea bush trimmer branch culture is conventionally cultivated, embodiment 1 The long root mushroom cultivating rate arrived improves 10.21% compared with conventional method, and specific yield improves 8.71%.
The protection content of the present invention is not limited to above example.Under the spirit and scope without departing substantially from inventive concept, this Art personnel it is conceivable that change and advantage be all included in the present invention, and using appended claim as protection Scope.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium, it is characterised in that including as follows Step:
(a) tea based raw material collection management:Tea based raw material is collected, stand-by at aeration-drying, wherein tea based raw material is stored in after drying For tea bush trimmer branch, instant tea, Tea Polyphenols production and processing accessory substance tea grounds or the tea dust in tea processing, one kind in tea stalk or It is a variety of;
(b) tea based raw material management processing:Pulverize and sieve, mesh size 5-15mm, be placed at aeration-drying and preserve after packed collection It is stand-by;
(c) domestomycetes strain selection management:Select the domestomycetes suitably grown in wooden base-material;
(d) tea base culture medium dispensing management:Culture medium for cultivating raw material is weighed, the culture medium raw material includes Cultivation use, cultivation Auxiliary material, tea based raw material, nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical and pH adjusting agent, wherein Cultivation use account for the 40- of culture medium raw material mass percent 65%, cultivation auxiliary material accounts for the 15-25% of culture medium raw material mass percent, and tea based raw material accounts for culture medium raw material mass percent 5-40%, nutritious supplementary pharmaceutical account for the 1-5% of culture medium raw material mass percent, and pH adjusting agent accounts for culture medium raw material mass percent 1-5%;
(e) culture medium raw material mixes:Each raw material in step (d) is mixed and stirred for, while stirring plus water is mixed, and water content is adjusted Whole to arrive 50-60%, mixing after fermentation prepares culture medium;
(f) culture medium inoculated management:Domestomycetes is seeded to culture medium obtained by step (e), culture medium and bacterium in an aseptic environment The mass ratio of kind is 100:5-10;
(g) domestomycetes bacterium germination management:Control bacterium germination condition promotes bacterium bag bacterium germination;
(h) tea place cultivation and management of producing mushroom:Bacterium bag is taken off into bag soil covering culture in tea place, sprayed using seasonal climate and tea place The temperature and humidity condition for filling equipment control tea garden soil carries out management of producing mushroom, and collects fresh mushroom.
2. a kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium as claimed in claim 1, its It is characterised by, in the step (a), tea based raw material drying process process is as follows:According to tea place trimming program trimming tea tree branch, pick Except the rotten leaf that goes mouldy, dry remaining tea limb to solid aqueous amount is 16-20%, is stored in stand-by at aeration-drying;Instant tea, tea Polyphenol produces and processes accessory substance tea grounds, by mechanical presses or dries to solid aqueous amount 20-30%, is stored at aeration-drying It is stand-by;Tea dust, tea stalk in tea processing, dry to moisture 7-10%, be stored in stand-by at aeration-drying.
3. a kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium as claimed in claim 2, its Be characterised by, in the step (a), trim and branch length is controlled in program in 30-100cm, drying mode be natural air drying or Heated-air drying.
4. a kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium as described in claims 1 or 2, Characterized in that, in the step (c), domestomycetes is selected from mushroom, long root mushroom, flat mushroom, White mushroom, ganoderma lucidum, elegant precious mushroom, acupuncture needle One or more in mushroom, coprinus comatus and agaric.
5. a kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium as described in claims 1 or 2, Characterized in that, in the step (d), Cultivation use includes the wood chip of 15-30% mass percents, 25-45% mass percentages The cotton seed hulls of ratio, cultivation auxiliary material are the wheat bran of 15-25% mass percents, and the mass percent of tea based raw material is 10-30%, battalion Supporting replenishers includes the glucose of 1-2% mass percents, calcium superphosphate of the pH adjusting agent including 1-2% mass percents or Calcium carbonate.
6. a kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium as described in claims 1 or 2, Characterized in that, in the step (f), bacteria stick will pass through sterilization treatment before inoculation.
7. a kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium as described in claims 1 or 2, Characterized in that, in the step (g), described bacterium germination condition is:20-30 DEG C of temperature, humidity 65-75%.
8. a kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium as described in claims 1 or 2, Characterized in that, in step (h) the tea place cultivation and management of producing mushroom, comprise the following steps:
(h1) after mycelium germination is covered with bacterium bag, 15-25 DEG C preserves 1-2 months;
(h2) deep 30cm, wide 30cm bar ditch are excavated away from tea tree root 20cm in tea place, ted 2-3 days;
(h3) by the bacteria stick transversely compact proper alignment of de- bag, earthing fills up gap, earthing thickness 10-20cm and flat surface, pours Sufficient water;
(h4) using tea place sprinkling irrigation equipment and sun-shading equipment control tea garden environment parameter, after mushroom body is formed and is harvested, utilize Spray irrigation system keeps soil moisture.
CN201711044805.6A 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 A kind of ecological interaction cultivation mode of small shrub type tea place set plant tea sill corruption bacterium Pending CN107593239A (en)

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CN111034536A (en) * 2019-10-30 2020-04-21 辽宁省杨树研究所 Lysimachia hirsuta strain and under-forest cultivation method thereof
CN112189498A (en) * 2020-10-12 2021-01-08 福鼎市显然堂茶业有限公司 Organic tea garden interplanting method

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CN112189498A (en) * 2020-10-12 2021-01-08 福鼎市显然堂茶业有限公司 Organic tea garden interplanting method

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Application publication date: 20180119