CN107588919B - Crash tests system and crash tests method - Google Patents

Crash tests system and crash tests method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107588919B
CN107588919B CN201710673821.5A CN201710673821A CN107588919B CN 107588919 B CN107588919 B CN 107588919B CN 201710673821 A CN201710673821 A CN 201710673821A CN 107588919 B CN107588919 B CN 107588919B
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testee
equipment
crash
control
crash tests
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CN107588919A (en
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陈瑶
刘璐
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Tencent Technology Shenzhen Co Ltd
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Tencent Technology Shenzhen Co Ltd
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Abstract

The embodiment of the invention discloses a kind of crash tests system and a kind of crash tests methods, wherein, crash tests system includes at least two testees to be tested, control equipment and the track equipment being laid in advance, collision of the two or more testees (such as intelligent carriage) on planned orbit is realized by the track equipment being laid in advance, automation control is carried out to entire collision process by control equipment and crash tests are analyzed, effectively promote testing efficiency, test result is more accurate, and expense cost is low, and practicability is higher.

Description

Crash tests system and crash tests method
Technical field
The present invention relates to Internet technical field more particularly to internet gaming technical field more particularly to a kind of collisions Test macro and a kind of crash tests method.
Background technique
Collision is a kind of special attack pattern, is widely used in the intelligent games scene such as intelligent carriage, intelligent toy, Achieve the effect that attack by directly hitting, meets intuitive visual experience.Crash tests refer to as desired to testee The accuracy and validity of the collision of (such as intelligent carriage) are tested, further, under multiple, frequent collision, moreover it is possible to test Demonstrate,prove robustness, the crash-worthiness at each position of testee.In the prior art, crash tests scheme mainly has following three kinds, the first It is the mode of manual testing;Angle, direction and speed by manually adjusting two or more testees bring it about collision, Again by manually analyzing collision result;This mode takes time and effort, and there is shortcoming on the precision of the point of impingement (being difficult to reach expected angle, direction and speed by way of hand-guided), accurate testing degree is lower.Second is image Know otherwise, the angle of testee and direction are identified by camera, are then dispatched to testee default Position, then downloading speed instruction, complete the collision of predetermined angle and speed;This mode can be due to illumination, image procossing precision Etc. extraneous factors influence the accuracy of crash tests result, practicability is lower.The third mode is using high-precision technical grade Orbital fashion, and the accurately technical grade test equipment such as be equipped with laser, are controlled and are analyzed to the collision process of testee, This mode precision is higher, but expense cost is higher, and practicability is lower.
Summary of the invention
The embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of crash tests system and a kind of crash tests method, is able to carry out touching for automation Test is hit, promotes testing efficiency and accurate testing degree, and cost is relatively low, practicability is higher.
On the one hand, the embodiment of the present invention provides a kind of crash tests system, executes at least two measured objects of crash tests Body, control equipment and the track equipment being laid in advance;Wherein,
The control equipment is connected with the track equipment and the testee respectively;The track equipment with it is described Testee is connected, and drives the testee operation of the running track provided by the track equipment;
When executing crash tests, the control equipment according to the test request of pre-configuration respectively to the track equipment and The testee issues crash tests instruction;The track equipment adjusts the quilt under the control that the crash tests instruct The operating parameter of object is surveyed to meet the test request of the pre-configuration, and drives the testee according to operation adjusted Parameter executes collision;The testee acquires crash data under the control that the crash tests instruct, and by the collision Data report to the control equipment and carry out analysis acquisition test result.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, two or more testee (such as intelligence are realized by the track equipment being laid in advance Can trolley) collision on planned orbit, automation control is carried out to entire collision process by control equipment and collision is surveyed Examination analysis, the drawbacks of avoiding manual testing from bringing, effectively promotes testing efficiency, simultaneously as the extraneous factors such as not being illuminated by the light It influences, test result is more accurate, and without configuring the industrial instrumentations such as laser, reduces expense cost, practicability It is higher.
As a kind of possible embodiment, the track equipment includes sliding rail, and the sliding rail is able to carry out 360 degree of rotations Turn;
The sliding rail is equipped at least two driving motors and at least two steering-engines, and a driving motor and one turn A testee is corresponded to jointly to steering engine;
The track equipment provides running track by the sliding rail for the testee, is driven by the driving motor The testee operation is moved, and adjusts the operating parameter of the testee by the steering-engine, the operation ginseng Number includes operation angle and traffic direction.
In the above-described embodiment, track equipment include can 360 degree rotation sliding rail, then during crash tests lead to Crossing the rotation of sliding rail all angles, all angles, all directions are comprehensive to hit to guarantee to be able to carry out between testee It hits, so that crash tests system can satisfy various testing requirements, promotes measuring accuracy, and practicability is high.
As alternatively possible embodiment, the testee includes pedestal and electrode;The pedestal is for carrying The testee, the electrode are used to provide driving power for the operation of the testee;
One driving motor and a steering-engine correspond in a testee jointly, corresponding relationship are as follows:
Driving motor is connected with the electrode of corresponding testee, and keeps with the electrode of corresponding testee Driving synchronizes;And steering-engine is connected with the pedestal of corresponding testee.
In the above-described embodiment, the connection between testee and track equipment is realized by corresponding relationship, favorably In adjusting and driving of the track equipment to testee during crash tests, guarantee the reliability of crash tests.
As another possible embodiment, the control equipment includes at least one network module, the measured object Body is equipped with gateway;The network module and the gateway wirelessly establish communication connection;And
It is described control equipment respectively in the track equipment driving motor and steering-engine by wired mode foundation Communication connection.
In the above-described embodiment, wireless mode can refer to wifi (wireless fidelity, Wireless Fidelity), bluetooth Etc. modes, wired mode can refer to the modes such as cable, optical fiber;Wirelessly connected between control equipment and testee It connects, not only facilitated control but also does not limit the operation of testee, and assemble simple;And it controls equipment and track equipment and passes through wired side Formula connection, can guarantee connective stability, guarantee the reliability of instruction transmission.
As another possible embodiment, the test request of the pre-configuration include: measured position, tested speed, Tested angle and tested direction;The crash tests instruction includes regulating command and driving instruction;
When executing crash tests, control equipment tested angle according to included by the test request of the pre-configuration Regulating command is generated with tested direction, and the regulating command is issued to the steering-engine in the track equipment;And institute It states control equipment measured position according to included by the test request of the pre-configuration and tested speed generates driving instruction, and will The driving instruction is issued to the driving motor in the testee and the track equipment respectively.
In the above-described embodiment, crash tests instruction is targetedly issued by control equipment, triggering can either be played The effect of crash tests process, and entire crash tests process can be coordinated and be controlled, be conducive to promote crash tests Accuracy and validity.
As another possible embodiment, the control of steering-engine in the track equipment in the regulating command The lower operation angle by the testee is adjusted to tested angle, and the traffic direction of the testee is adjusted to tested Direction;
Driving motor in the track equipment drives the measured object adjusted under the control of the driving instruction Body runs to measured position according to sliding rail of the tested speed in the track equipment and executes crash tests.
As another possible embodiment, acquisition equipment is equipped in the testee, the acquisition equipment includes Following at least one: gyroscope, acceleration transducer, gravity sensor;
The testee starts acquisition equipment acquisition crash data under the control of the driving instruction, and by institute It states crash data and reports to the control equipment.
In the above-described embodiment, track equipment and testee respond crash tests instruction execution corresponding operating respectively, It ensure that going on smoothly for entire crash tests process.
As another possible embodiment, the crash data carries acquisition time;
The acquisition time that the control equipment is carried according to the crash data screens the crash data, removes Invalid data;Analysis is carried out based on effective collision data again and obtains test result, and the test result is for reflecting the collision Whether the test request of pre-configuration is met.
In the above-described embodiment, control equipment can obtain test result by screening and analysis to crash data, To realize the judgement to the accuracy and validity of collision process.
As another possible embodiment, after obtaining test result, the control equipment is respectively to the quilt It surveys object and the track equipment sends reset command, control of the steering-engine in the track equipment in the reset command The lower operation angle and traffic direction being adjusted to the operation angle of the testee and traffic direction before crash tests, it is described Driving motor in track equipment drives the testee along the track equipment under the control of the reset command Sliding rail is run to the position before execution crash tests, and the testee sets the acquisition under the control of the reset command It is standby to restore to the state before crash tests.
In the above-described embodiment, the testee after completion crash tests is restored to original state, it is ensured that next Secondary crash tests are gone on smoothly, and avoid having an impact the accuracy and validity of crash tests next time.
On the other hand, the embodiment of the present invention also provides a kind of crash tests method, applied to described in the embodiment of the present invention In crash tests system, the crash tests method includes:
The control equipment is issued to the track equipment and the testee respectively according to the test request of pre-configuration Crash tests instruction;
The track equipment adjusts the operating parameter of the testee under the control that the crash tests instruct with full The test request of the foot pre-configuration, and the testee is driven to execute collision according to operating parameter adjusted;
The testee acquires crash data under the control that the crash tests instruct, and will be on the crash data Report to the control equipment carries out analysis and obtains test result.
In the above-mentioned technical solutions, two or more testee (such as intelligence are realized by the track equipment being laid in advance Can trolley) collision on planned orbit, automation control is carried out to entire collision process by control equipment and collision is surveyed Examination analysis, the drawbacks of avoiding manual testing from bringing, effectively promotes testing efficiency, simultaneously as the extraneous factors such as not being illuminated by the light It influences, test result is more accurate, and without configuring the industrial instrumentations such as laser, reduces expense cost, practicability It is higher.
As a kind of possible embodiment, the test request of the pre-configuration includes: measured position, tested speed, quilt Measuring angle and tested direction;The crash tests instruction includes regulating command and driving instruction;
It is described when executing crash tests, the control equipment is set to the track respectively according to the test request of pre-configuration The standby and described testee issues crash tests instruction, comprising:
When executing crash tests, control equipment tested angle according to included by the test request of the pre-configuration Regulating command is generated with tested direction;
The regulating command is issued to the steering-engine in the track equipment;
Driving instruction is generated according to measured position included by the test request of the pre-configuration and tested speed;And
The driving instruction is issued to the driving motor in the testee and the track equipment respectively.
In the above-described embodiment, crash tests instruction is targetedly issued by control equipment, triggering can either be played The effect of crash tests process, and entire crash tests process can be coordinated and be controlled, be conducive to promote crash tests Accuracy and validity.
As alternatively possible embodiment, the track equipment adjusts institute under the control that the crash tests instruct The operating parameter of testee is stated to meet the test request of the pre-configuration, and drives the testee according to adjusted Operating parameter executes collision, comprising:
Steering-engine in the track equipment is under the control of the regulating command by the operation angle of the testee Degree is adjusted to tested angle, and the traffic direction of the testee is adjusted to tested direction;And
Driving motor in the track equipment drives the measured object adjusted under the control of the driving instruction Body runs to measured position according to sliding rail of the tested speed in the track equipment and executes crash tests;
The testee acquires crash data under the control that the crash tests instruct, and will be on the crash data Report to the control equipment carries out analysis and obtains test result, specifically: control of the testee in the driving instruction The lower starting acquisition equipment acquires crash data, and the crash data is reported to the control equipment;And
The crash data carries acquisition time;The acquisition time pair that the control equipment is carried according to the crash data The crash data is screened, and invalid data is removed;Analysis, which is carried out, based on effective collision data again obtains test result, it is described Test result is used to reflect the test request for colliding and whether meeting pre-configuration.
In the above-described embodiment, track equipment and testee respond crash tests instruction execution corresponding operating respectively, It ensure that going on smoothly for entire crash tests process;Crash data is screened and is analyzed by control equipment again and is tested As a result, to realize the judgement of accuracy and validity to collision test process.
As another possible embodiment, the crash tests method further include:
After obtaining test result, the control equipment sends to the testee and the track equipment multiple respectively Order of the bit, by the steering-engine in the track equipment by the operation angle of the testee under the control of the reset command Degree and traffic direction are adjusted to operation angle and traffic direction before crash tests, are existed by the driving motor in the track equipment Sliding rail of the testee in the track equipment is driven to run to execution crash tests under the control of the reset command Preceding position is restored the acquisition equipment to crash tests under the control of the reset command by the testee State.
In the above-described embodiment, the testee after completion crash tests is restored to original state, it is ensured that next Secondary crash tests are gone on smoothly, and avoid having an impact the accuracy and validity of crash tests next time.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technical description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with It obtains other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is a structural schematic diagram of crash tests system provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of control equipment provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is another structural schematic diagram of crash tests system provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is a kind of flow chart of crash tests method provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the flow chart of another crash tests method provided in an embodiment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is another structural schematic diagram of crash tests system provided in an embodiment of the present invention.
Specific embodiment
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation description.
Collision is a kind of special attack pattern, achievees the effect that attack by directly hitting, meets intuitive vision body It tests, can be applied in the scene of game such as intelligent carriage, intelligent toy, such as: two or more intelligent carriages in certain scene of game Between collide;Alternatively, in certain scene of game certain intelligent toy to other intelligent toys initiate collision attack;Etc..Collision It is all-dimensional multi-angle, by taking the collision between two intelligent carriages as an example, the point of impingement can be located at each of intelligent carriage car body A position, and collision course may come from all directions except intelligent carriage;Therefore, for the correctness of collision and effectively The judgement of property be it is very necessary, this relates to crash tests.Crash tests refer to as desired to testee (as intelligence is small Vehicle) collision accuracy and validity tested, such as: it is required that two intelligent carriages are held in target position along target direction Row is greater than the collision of target dynamics, then, the purpose of crash tests is exactly to judge whether the collision process of two intelligent carriages is quasi- Effect is truly had, that is, judges whether collision process meets the requirements.Further, under multiple, frequent crash tests, moreover it is possible to verify Robustness, the crash-worthiness at each position of testee.
The embodiment of the present invention devises a crash tests system, which includes to be tested at least two Testee, the track equipment for controlling equipment and being laid in advance, wherein two are realized by the track equipment being laid in advance Or collision of multiple testees (such as intelligent carriage) on planned orbit, entire collision process is carried out certainly by control equipment The drawbacks of control of dynamicization and crash tests are analyzed, manual testing avoided to bring, effectively promotes testing efficiency, simultaneously as The extraneous factors such as not being illuminated by the light influences, and test result is more accurate, and without configuring the industrial instrumentations such as laser, reduces Expense cost, practicability are higher.
Based on foregoing description, the embodiment of the invention discloses a kind of crash tests systems, referring to Figure 1, the crash tests System executes at least two testees, control equipment and the track equipment being laid in advance of crash tests;Wherein, control is set Back-up is not connected with track equipment and testee;Track equipment is connected with testee, and drives testee edge The operation of running track provided by the track equipment.Each equipment in crash tests system shown in FIG. 1 is carried out below detailed It is thin to introduce:
(1) control equipment: control equipment described in the embodiment of the present invention includes but is not limited to such as PC (Personal Computer, personal computer), with touch sensitive surface (for example, touch-screen display and/or touch tablet) mobile electricity The equipment of words, laptop computer or tablet computer etc.Please also refer to Fig. 2, the internal structure of the control equipment is at least Including processor, user interface and computer storage medium.Wherein, processor, user interface and the computer in equipment are controlled Storage medium can be connected by bus or other modes, in Fig. 2 for being connected by bus.
User interface is the medium realizing user and control equipment and interacting with information exchange, and concrete embodiment can wrap Include the display screen (Display) for output and keyboard (Keyboard) for input etc., it should be noted that herein Keyboard both can be physical keyboard, or touch screen dummy keyboard can also be key of the entity in conjunction with touch screen virtualphase Disk.It is to be understood, however, that user interface can also include one or more of the other object of such as mouse and/or control-rod Manage user interface facilities.Processor (or CPU (Central Processing Unit, central processing unit)) is control equipment Calculating core and control core, be adapted for carrying out one or one or more instruction, be particularly adapted to load and execute one or One or more instruction is to realize correlation method process or corresponding function;Such as: CPU can be used for parsing user to control equipment Transmitted switching on and shutting down instruction, and control control equipment and carry out switching on and shutting down operation;For another example: CPU can be in control equipment internal junction All kinds of interaction datas, etc. are transmitted between structure.Network module is to make to control the medium that equipment has access internet function, network Module can be wired network adapter, wireless network card, wireless networking component etc.;Controlling equipment may include one or more network moulds Block.Computer storage medium (Memory) is the memory device controlled in equipment, for storing program and data.It is understood that It is that computer storage medium herein both may include the built-in storage medium for controlling equipment, naturally it is also possible to set including control The standby expansion storage medium supported.Computer storage medium provides memory space, which stores control equipment Operating system.Also, it also houses and is suitable for by processor loads and executes one or more than one in the memory space Instruction, these instructions can be one or more computer program (including program code).It should be noted that herein Computer storage medium can be high speed RAM memory, be also possible to non-labile memory (non-volatile Memory), a for example, at least magnetic disk storage;It optionally can also be that at least one is located remotely from the calculating of aforementioned processor Machine storage medium.
Also it should be strongly noted that control equipment supports various application programs, such as one of the following or multiple: drawing Figure application program, demonstration applications, word-processing application, website create application program, disk imprinting application program, electronics Table application program, game application, telephony application, videoconference application, email application, immediately Messaging applications, photo management application program, digital camera application program, digital camera application program, web-browsing Application program, digital music player application and/or video frequency player application program.It can hold on the control device At least one public physical user-interface device of such as touch sensitive surface can be used in capable various application programs.It can be Adjust between application program and/or in corresponding application programs and/or change touch sensitive surface one or more functions and The corresponding information shown in control equipment.In this way, the public physical structure (for example, touch sensitive surface) of control equipment can prop up Hold the various application programs with user interface intuitive and transparent for a user.
In embodiments of the present invention, processor load and execute one stored in computer storage medium or one or more Instruction can be realized the whole control to collision test process, such as: crash tests, which are issued, to track equipment or testee refers to It enables, collects crash data and analyze etc..
(2) testee: testee described in the embodiment of the present invention can be intelligent carriage, intelligent toy etc., Testee has the ability run in running track, and is able to carry out mutual collision.Please also refer to Fig. 3, quilt Surveying object includes pedestal and electrode, and pedestal is for carrying testee, and electrode is used to provide driving for the operation of testee Power supply;And be equipped in testee for acquiring equipment, acquisition equipment herein may include but be not limited to following at least one Kind: gyroscope, acceleration transducer, gravity sensor;In the embodiment of the present invention, the mesh of setting acquisition equipment in testee Be during crash tests, testee can by the acquisition equipment in it acquire crash data, by the collision Data report to control equipment.Further, gateway is additionally provided on testee, gateway herein may include but unlimited In: wireless router, interchanger etc..
(3) track equipment: track equipment described in the embodiment of the present invention can be laid in advance, and its object is to make measured object Body collides in planned orbit, to guarantee the controllability of crash tests process and the accuracy of crash tests result.Please Together referring to Fig. 3, track equipment includes sliding rail, which is able to carry out 360 degree rotation, and track equipment is tested by the sliding rail Object provides running track;Herein it is understood that since sliding rail is able to carry out 360 degree of rotation, then in crash tests It is comprehensive by being able to carry out all angles, all directions between the certifiable testee of the rotation of sliding rail all angles in the process Shock promote measuring accuracy, and practicability is high so that crash tests system can satisfy various testing requirements.Into one For step referring to Fig. 3, sliding rail is equipped at least two driving motors and at least two steering-engines, a driving motor and a steering Steering engine corresponds to a testee, corresponding relationship herein specifically: the electricity of driving motor and corresponding testee jointly Pole is connected, and keeps driving synchronous with the electrode of corresponding testee;And steering-engine and corresponding measured object The pedestal of body is connected.Above-mentioned corresponding relationship realizes the connection between testee and track equipment, is conducive to colliding Adjusting and driving of the test process middle orbit equipment to testee, guarantee the reliability of crash tests.In the embodiment of the present invention, The mode that driving motor is connected with the electrode of corresponding testee is specific as follows: the electrode of testee includes a plurality of company Wiring can separate a connecting line from this plurality of connecting line and be connected to driving motor, keep driving motor and corresponding quilt The electrode for surveying object is homologous, to guarantee that driving motor remains that driving is synchronous with the electrode of corresponding testee.It needs Illustrate, track equipment drives the testee operation by the driving motor, and passes through the steering-engine tune The operating parameter of the whole testee, the operating parameter include operation angle and traffic direction.
In the embodiment of the present invention, the network module for controlling equipment can be with the gateway on testee wirelessly Communication connection is established, so that establishing wireless communication connection between control equipment and testee.Wireless communication herein connects Connecing may include but be not limited to: wifi connection, bluetooth connection etc.;The company of carrying out wireless communication between control equipment and testee It connects, not only facilitated control but also does not limit the operation of testee, and assemble simple.In addition, control equipment is respectively and in track equipment Driving motor and steering-engine established and communicated to connect by wired mode, wired mode herein can refer to cable, optical fiber etc. Mode is connected between control equipment and track equipment by wire communication, can guarantee connective stability, guarantees instruction transmission Reliability.
Two or more testees can be collided using the crash tests system of the embodiment of the present invention Test, needs to carry out initialization preparation before crash tests, comprising: laying track equipment first, then according to Fig. 1 or Fig. 3 Shown structure is attached equipment, at least two testees and track equipment is controlled;Again, control equipment side according to Actual demand is pre-configured with test request, and actual demand herein can include but is not limited to: needing to hold which testee Row crash tests need to collide in which location point, need to collide from which angle and direction, and need with what Kind speed completes collision etc.;So, the test request of pre-configuration includes: measured position, tested speed, tested angle and is tested Direction.The crash tests system that the embodiment of the present invention can be used after completing above-mentioned initialization and preparing executes crash tests stream Journey, comprising: when executing crash tests, from control equipment according to the test request of pre-configuration respectively to track equipment and measured object Body issues crash tests instruction;The operating parameter of testee is adjusted under the control that crash tests instruct by track equipment with full The test request being pre-configured enough, and testee is driven to execute collision according to operating parameter adjusted;Testee is colliding It tests under the control of instruction and acquires crash data, and crash data is reported into control equipment and carries out analysis acquisition test result.
Further, above-mentioned crash tests process can be refined, is specifically included:
Firstly, controlling equipment measured angle according to included by the test request of the pre-configuration when executing crash tests Degree and tested direction generate regulating command, and the regulating command is issued to the steering-engine in the track equipment;So, The operation angle of the testee is adjusted to tested angle under the control of regulating command by the steering-engine in track equipment, And the traffic direction of the testee is adjusted to tested direction.
Secondly, measured position included by test request of the control equipment also according to the pre-configuration and tested speed generate Driving instruction, and the driving instruction is issued to the driving motor in the testee and the track equipment respectively.That , the driving motor in track equipment drives the testee adjusted according to tested speed under the control of driving instruction Sliding rail in the track equipment runs to measured position and executes crash tests.Testee opens under the control of driving instruction Dynamic acquisition equipment acquires crash data, and the crash data is reported to the control equipment.
In the above process, crash tests instruction is targetedly issued by control equipment, triggering collision can either be played and surveyed The effect of process is tried, and entire crash tests process can be coordinated and be controlled, is conducive to promote the accurate of crash tests Property and validity.Crash tests instruction execution corresponding operating is responded by track equipment and testee respectively, ensure that and entirely touch Hit going on smoothly for test process.
Finally, control equipment analyzes the crash data reported to obtain test result, test result herein is used for Reflect collision process whether accurate and effective, i.e. whether reflection collision process meet the test request of pre-configuration.Optionally, it is obtaining After test result, control equipment can also send reset command to the testee and the track equipment respectively, by rail The operation angle of testee and traffic direction are adjusted to by the steering-engine in road equipment under the control of the reset command Operation angle and traffic direction before crash tests drive quilt under the control of reset command by the driving motor in track equipment Sliding rail of the object in the track equipment is surveyed to run to the position before execution crash tests, by the testee described multiple The acquisition equipment is restored into the state to crash tests under the control of order of the bit.With the suitable of the crash tests of guarantee next time Benefit carries out, and avoids having an impact the accuracy and validity of crash tests next time.
The description of embodiment based on above-mentioned crash tests system, the embodiment of the invention also provides a kind of crash tests sides Method, the crash tests method can be applied in Fig. 1 or crash tests system shown in Fig. 3, i.e., the crash tests method be by It interacts and realizes between each equipment that Fig. 1 or crash tests system shown in Fig. 3 include.Fig. 4 is referred to, which surveys Method for testing includes the following steps S101- step S103:
S101 controls equipment according to the test request of pre-configuration and issues crash tests to track equipment and testee respectively Instruction.
The test request of pre-configuration includes: measured position, tested speed, tested angle and tested direction.Wherein, measured position It sets expression collision and position occurs, that is, testee is required to carry out crash tests at measured position.Tested speed indicates collision speed Degree requires testee to reach tested speed in the speed of service for carrying out the crash tests moment.Tested angle indicates impingement angle Degree requires testee to be exactly tested angle in the operation angle for carrying out the crash tests moment.Tested direction indicates collision Direction requires testee to be exactly tested direction in the traffic direction for carrying out the crash tests moment.It should be noted that by Occur between two or more testees in collision, therefore, the quantity of above-mentioned tested speed can be greater than or equal to 1, Such as: tested speed can be one or more, if the quantity of tested speed is 1, show two or more measured objects Body is collided with identical tested speed;If the quantity of tested speed is greater than 1, then tested speed also carries instruction letter Breath, the instruction information are used to indicate the corresponding tested speed of testee, such as: it is directed to testee A and testee B, The tested speed for seeking testee A is a, may include the mark of testee A in instruction information;It is required that the quilt of testee B Degree of testing the speed is b, may include the mark of testee B in instruction information.Similarly, above-mentioned tested angle, tested direction number Amount can be greater than or equal to 1.
The crash tests instruction that control equipment issues can either be played the role of triggering crash tests process, and can control Crash tests are completed in track equipment and testee collaboration, so that control equipment be enable to assist entire crash tests process It reconciles and controls.
S102, track equipment adjust the operating parameter of testee under the control that the crash tests instruct to meet The test request of pre-configuration is stated, and the testee is driven to execute collision according to operating parameter adjusted.
S103, the testee acquire crash data under the control that the crash tests instruct, and by the collision Data report to the control equipment and carry out analysis acquisition test result.
In step S102-S103, the crash tests issued in response to control equipment are instructed, and track equipment is needed to tested The operating parameter of object is adjusted to meet the test request being pre-configured, and operating parameter herein includes operation angle and operation Direction, and testee is driven to be collided.And the crash tests that testee is issued in response to control equipment instruct, using it Built-in gyroscope, acceleration transducer, gravity sensor etc. acquire equipment and acquire crash data, certainly, Collision Number herein According to may include but be not limited to: gyro data, acceleration transducer data, gravity sensor data etc..Testee passes through With control equipment between wireless communication protocol, such as: Wifi agreement, Bluetooth protocol etc. beat collected crash data Encapsulation, and encapsulation of data is reported into control equipment.Equipment is controlled based on wireless communication protocol to received encapsulation number Crash data is obtained according to decapsulation is carried out, then to crash data acquisition test result for statistical analysis, it is to be understood that this The test result at place for reflect collision process whether accurate and effective, i.e. whether reflection collision process meet the test of pre-configuration and want It asks.Concrete analysis process may comprise steps of:
(1) crash data reported is screened, removes invalid data;Invalid data herein includes but is not limited to: Non-collision moment collected shake data, data etc. of jolting, in the specific implementation, crash data carries acquisition time, one In kind embodiment, since collision is usually what moment completed, whether control equipment can be generation according to acquisition time The time of collision is screened, if the acquisition time that the crash data received carries is the time to collide, The crash data is valid data, is otherwise invalid data;Such as: assuming that the time to collide is 11:00:00, measured object The acquisition time that the crash data m that body A is reported is carried is 11:00:00, and the acquisition time that crash data n is carried is 10:55:00, So crash data m is valid data, and crash data n is invalid data.In another embodiment, since collision is to occur Between two or more testees, therefore control what equipment can be carried according to the crash data that each testee reports Whether acquisition time, which synchronizes, is screened, and is carried in case of the crash data that two or more testees of collision report Acquisition time it is synchronous, be otherwise invalid data then the crash data is valid data;Such as: assuming that testee A and B It colliding, testee A reports two crash datas altogether, and the acquisition time that respectively crash data m is carried is 11:00:00, The acquisition time that crash data n is carried is 10:55:00;Testee B report a crash data p carry acquisition time be 11:00:00, then crash data m and crash data p is valid data, crash data n is invalid data.
(2) it is analyzed to obtain test result based on effective crash data.In one embodiment, control equipment can The term of reference for determining the crash data in the case where meeting the test request being pre-configured based on practical experience, if effective collision Data are within the term of reference, it is determined that this collision process accurate and effective, otherwise in vain.In another embodiment, Control equipment can determine the reference value of the crash data in the case where meeting the test request being pre-configured based on practical experience, if The actual value of effective collision data is equal with reference value, it is determined that this collision entirely accurate is effective, otherwise, according to effective collision The measure of accuracy of this collision is calculated as a result, such as 50%, 90% in difference between the actual value and reference value of data.
The crash tests method of the embodiment of the present invention is realized two or more tested by the track equipment being laid in advance Collision of the object (such as intelligent carriage) on planned orbit carries out automation control to entire collision process by control equipment And crash tests analysis, the drawbacks of avoiding manual testing from bringing, testing efficiency is effectively promoted, simultaneously as not being illuminated by the light Extraneous factor influences, and test result is more accurate, and without configuring the industrial instrumentations such as laser, reduce expense at This, practicability is higher.
The description of embodiment based on above-mentioned crash tests system, the embodiment of the invention also provides another crash tests Method, the crash tests method can be applied in Fig. 1 or crash tests system shown in Fig. 3, i.e., the crash tests method is It interacts and realizes between each equipment for including by Fig. 1 or crash tests system shown in Fig. 3.In the embodiment of the present invention, The test request of pre-configuration includes: measured position, tested speed, tested angle and tested direction.Crash tests instruction includes adjusting Section instruction and driving instruction.Fig. 5 is referred to, this method specifically includes following steps S201- step S208:
S201, when executing crash tests, control equipment tested angle according to included by the test request of pre-configuration and Tested direction generates regulating command.
The regulating command is issued to the steering-engine in the track equipment by S202, control equipment.
S203, the steering-engine in the track equipment is under the control of the regulating command by the fortune of the testee Row angle is adjusted to tested angle, and the traffic direction of the testee is adjusted to tested direction.
S204, controls equipment measured position according to included by the test request of the pre-configuration and tested speed is generated and driven Dynamic instruction.
The driving instruction is issued to the drive in the testee and the track equipment by S205, control equipment respectively Dynamic motor.
S206, the driving motor in the track equipment drive the quilt adjusted under the control of the driving instruction Object is surveyed to run according to sliding rail of the tested speed in the track equipment to measured position execution crash tests.
S207, the testee start the acquisition equipment acquisition crash data under the control of the driving instruction, And the crash data is reported into the control equipment.
In crash tests process shown in step S201-S207, crash tests are targetedly issued by control equipment and are referred to Enable, specifically, issue regulating command from control equipment to steering-engine first, control steering-engine adjust the testee with Meet the requirement of tested angle and tested direction;Secondly, issuing driving instruction, control driving from control equipment to driving motor again Motor driven testee is reached measured position and is collided with tested speed;Also, under from control equipment to testee Driving instruction is sent out, control testee voluntarily acquires and reports crash data.Above-mentioned entire crash tests process is by control equipment Automation is uniformly coordinated and control, is conducive to the accuracy and validity that promote crash tests.
S208, control equipment carry out analysis according to the crash data reported and obtain test result.
Test result herein for reflect collision process whether accurate and effective, i.e., reflection collision process whether meet it is prewired The test request set.Concrete analysis process may comprise steps of:
(1) crash data reported is screened, removes invalid data;Invalid data herein includes but is not limited to: Non-collision moment collected shake data, data etc. of jolting, in the specific implementation, crash data carries acquisition time, one In kind embodiment, since collision is usually what moment completed, whether control equipment can be generation according to acquisition time The time of collision is screened, if the acquisition time that the crash data received carries is the time to collide, The crash data is valid data, is otherwise invalid data;Such as: assuming that the time to collide is 11:00:00, measured object The acquisition time that the crash data m that body A is reported is carried is 11:00:00, and the acquisition time that crash data n is carried is 10:55:00, So crash data m is valid data, and crash data n is invalid data.In another embodiment, since collision is to occur Between two or more testees, therefore control what equipment can be carried according to the crash data that each testee reports Whether acquisition time, which synchronizes, is screened, and is carried in case of the crash data that two or more testees of collision report Acquisition time it is synchronous, be otherwise invalid data then the crash data is valid data;Such as: assuming that testee A and B It colliding, testee A reports two crash datas altogether, and the acquisition time that respectively crash data m is carried is 11:00:00, The acquisition time that crash data n is carried is 10:55:00;Testee B report a crash data p carry acquisition time be 11:00:00, then crash data m and crash data p is valid data, crash data n is invalid data.(2) based on effective Crash data obtains test result.In one embodiment, control equipment can determine based on practical experience is meeting pre-configuration Test request in the case where crash data term of reference, if effectively crash data within the term of reference, it is determined that This collision process accurate and effective, otherwise in vain.In another embodiment, control equipment can determine based on practical experience The reference value of crash data in the case where the test request that satisfaction is pre-configured, if the actual value and reference value of effectively crash data It is equal, it is determined that this collision entirely accurate is effective, otherwise, according to the difference between the actual value and reference value of effective collision data The different measure of accuracy that this collision is calculated is as a result, such as 50%, 90%.
S209, after obtaining test result, control equipment is sent to the testee and the track equipment respectively Reset command.
S210, the steering-engine in the track equipment is under the control of the reset command by the fortune of the testee Row angle and traffic direction are adjusted to operation angle and traffic direction before crash tests.
S211, the driving motor in the track equipment drive the testee edge under the control of the reset command Sliding rail in the track equipment is run to the position before execution crash tests.
S212, the testee restore the acquisition equipment to crash tests under the control of the reset command State.
Testee can be restored the state to crash tests by reseting procedure shown in step S209-S212 can guarantee Crash tests next time are gone on smoothly, and avoid having an impact the accuracy and validity of crash tests next time.
For the clearer crash tests scheme for illustrating the embodiment of the present invention, said below in conjunction with specific example It is bright.
Fig. 6 is referred to, testee includes intelligent carriage A and intelligent carriage B, and intelligent carriage A is equipped with router one, intelligence Energy trolley B is equipped with router two.Network interface card one and network interface card two are equipped on control equipment PC, network interface card one and router one establish nothing Line communication connection is so that PC is able to carry out Wifi with intelligent carriage A communicates;Network interface card two and router two, which are established, to be wirelessly communicated Connection is so that PC is able to carry out Wifi with intelligent carriage B communicates.Track equipment includes the cunning for being able to carry out 360 degree rotation Rail, sliding rail are equipped with steering-engine a1 and driving motor a2 and steering-engine b1 and driving motor b2;Wherein, steering-engine A1 is connected to the pedestal of intelligent carriage A, and the electrode of intelligent carriage A separates a connecting line and is connected to driving motor a2, also, drives Dynamic motor a2 and the electrode of intelligent carriage A are homologous.Steering-engine b1 is connected to the pedestal of intelligent carriage B, the electrode of intelligent carriage B It separates a connecting line and is connected to driving motor b2, also, driving motor b2 and the electrode of intelligent carriage B are homologous.
PC can receive the test request being pre-configured, and the test request of the pre-configuration includes: measured position M, intelligent carriage A Tested angle ra, intelligent carriage B tested angle rb, intelligent carriage A tested direction pa, intelligent carriage B tested direction pb、 The tested speed v of intelligent carriage Aa, intelligent carriage B tested speed vb.PC is according to the tested angle r of the intelligent carriage AaWith The tested direction p1 of intelligent carriage A generates the first regulating command, which is sent to steering-engine a1, by turning to The operation angle of intelligent carriage A is adjusted to r by steering engine a1a, and the traffic direction of intelligent carriage A is adjusted to pa;Meanwhile PC root According to the tested angle r of the intelligent carriage BbWith the tested direction p of intelligent carriage BbThe second regulating command is generated, this second is adjusted Section instruction is sent to steering-engine b1, and the operation angle of intelligent carriage B is adjusted to r by steering-engine b2b, by intelligent carriage B Traffic direction be adjusted to pb.Later, PC is according to the tested speed v of measured position M and intelligent carriage AaThe first driving is generated to refer to Enable, which is sent to intelligent carriage A and driving motor a2, by driving motor a2 driving intelligent carriage A according to vaAt operation to M;PC is according to the tested speed v of measured position M and intelligent carriage BbThe second driving instruction is generated, this second is driven Dynamic instruction is sent to intelligent carriage B and driving motor b2, by driving motor b2 driving intelligent carriage B according to vbAt operation to M;? Intelligent carriage A and intelligent carriage B collide at M, and intelligent carriage A acquires the crash data of itself and reports to PC, and intelligence is small Vehicle B acquires the crash data of itself and reports to PC;Crash data analyzes the standard of this collision process to PC based on the received True property and validity, obtain test result.Later, PC is sent multiple respectively to intelligent carriage A, steering-engine a1 and driving motor a2 Order of the bit, control intelligent carriage A restore the state to collision;Meanwhile PC is electric to intelligent carriage B, steering-engine b1 and driving Machine b1 sends reset command respectively, and control intelligent carriage B restores the state to collision.
The crash tests method of the embodiment of the present invention is realized two or more tested by the track equipment being laid in advance Collision of the object (such as intelligent carriage) on planned orbit carries out automation control to entire collision process by control equipment And crash tests analysis, the drawbacks of avoiding manual testing from bringing, testing efficiency is effectively promoted, simultaneously as not being illuminated by the light Extraneous factor influences, and test result is more accurate, and without configuring the industrial instrumentations such as laser, reduce expense at This, practicability is higher.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " example ", " specifically show The description of example " or " some examples " etc. means specific features, structure, material or spy described in conjunction with this embodiment or example Point is included at least one embodiment or example of the invention.In the present specification, schematic expression of the above terms are not It must be directed to identical embodiment or example.Moreover, particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described can be in office It can be combined in any suitable manner in one or more embodiment or examples.In addition, without conflicting with each other, the skill of this field Art personnel can tie the feature of different embodiments or examples described in this specification and different embodiments or examples It closes and combines.
In addition, term " first ", " second " are used for descriptive purposes only and cannot be understood as indicating or suggesting relative importance Or implicitly indicate the quantity of indicated technical characteristic.Define " first " as a result, the feature of " second " can be expressed or Implicitly include at least one this feature.In the description of the present invention, the meaning of " plurality " is at least two, such as two, three It is a etc., unless otherwise specifically defined.
Any process described otherwise above or method description are construed as in flow chart or herein, and expression includes It is one or more for realizing specific logical function or process the step of executable instruction code module, segment or portion Point, and the range of embodiments of the present invention includes other realization, wherein sequence shown or discussed, packet can not be pressed Include according to related function by it is basic simultaneously in the way of or in the opposite order, Lai Zhihang function, this should be by reality of the invention A person of ordinary skill in the field is applied to be understood.
It should be appreciated that each section of the invention can be realized with hardware, software, firmware or their combination.Above-mentioned In embodiment, software that multiple steps or method can be executed in memory and by suitable instruction execution system with storage Or firmware is realized.It, and in another embodiment, can be under well known in the art for example, if realized with hardware Any one of column technology or their combination are realized: having a logic gates for realizing logic function to data-signal Discrete logic, with suitable combinational logic gate circuit specific integrated circuit, programmable gate array (PGA), scene Programmable gate array (FPGA) etc..It is handled in addition, each functional unit in each embodiment of the present invention can integrate at one In module, it is also possible to each unit and physically exists alone, can also be integrated in two or more units in a module. Above-mentioned integrated module both can take the form of hardware realization, can also be realized in the form of software function module.It is described If integrated module is realized and when sold or used as an independent product in the form of software function module, also can store In a computer readable storage medium.
The above disclosure is only the preferred embodiments of the present invention, cannot limit the right model of the present invention with this certainly It encloses, therefore equivalent changes made in accordance with the claims of the present invention, is still within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (12)

1. a kind of crash tests system, which is characterized in that the crash tests system includes execute crash tests at least two Testee, control equipment and the track equipment being laid in advance;Wherein,
The control equipment is connected with the track equipment and the testee respectively;The track equipment is tested with described Object is connected, and drives the testee operation of the running track provided by the track equipment;
When executing crash tests, the control equipment is according to the test request of pre-configuration respectively to the track equipment and described Testee issues crash tests instruction;The track equipment adjusts the measured object under the control that the crash tests instruct The operating parameter of body drives the testee according to operating parameter adjusted to meet the test request of the pre-configuration Execute collision;The testee acquires crash data under the control that the crash tests instruct, and by the crash data It reports to the control equipment and carries out analysis acquisition test result;
The track equipment includes sliding rail, and the sliding rail is able to carry out 360 degree rotation;
The sliding rail is equipped at least two driving motors and at least two steering-engines, a driving motor and a steering rudder Machine corresponds to a testee jointly;
The track equipment provides running track by the sliding rail for the testee, drives institute by the driving motor Testee operation is stated, and adjusts the operating parameter of the testee, the operating parameter packet by the steering-engine Include operation angle and traffic direction.
2. crash tests system as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the testee includes pedestal and electrode;Institute It states pedestal and is used to provide driving power for the operation of the testee for carrying the testee, the electrode;
One driving motor and a steering-engine correspond in a testee jointly, corresponding relationship are as follows:
Driving motor is connected with the electrode of corresponding testee, and keeps driving with the electrode of corresponding testee It is synchronous;And steering-engine is connected with the pedestal of corresponding testee.
3. crash tests system as claimed in claim 1 or 2, which is characterized in that the control equipment includes at least one net Network module, the testee are equipped with gateway;The network module is wirelessly established with the gateway Communication connection;And
It is described control equipment respectively in the track equipment driving motor and steering-engine by wired mode establish communicate Connection.
4. crash tests system as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that the test request of the pre-configuration includes: tested Position, tested speed, tested angle and tested direction;The crash tests instruction includes regulating command and driving instruction;
When executing crash tests, control equipment tested angle according to included by the test request of the pre-configuration and by It surveys direction and generates regulating command, and the regulating command is issued to the steering-engine in the track equipment;And the control Control equipment measured position according to included by the test request of the pre-configuration and tested speed generate driving instruction, and will be described Driving instruction is issued to the driving motor in the testee and the track equipment respectively.
5. crash tests system as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that the steering-engine in the track equipment is described The operation angle of the testee is adjusted to tested angle under the control of regulating command, and by the operation of the testee Direction is adjusted to tested direction;
Driving motor in the track equipment drives the testee adjusted to press under the control of the driving instruction It runs according to sliding rail of the tested speed in the track equipment to measured position and executes crash tests.
6. crash tests system as claimed in claim 4, which is characterized in that be equipped with acquisition equipment, institute in the testee It states acquisition equipment to comprise at least one of the following: gyroscope, acceleration transducer, gravity sensor;
The testee starts the acquisition equipment acquisition crash data under the control of the driving instruction, and touches described It hits data and reports to the control equipment.
7. crash tests system as claimed in claim 6, which is characterized in that the crash data carries acquisition time;
The acquisition time that the control equipment is carried according to the crash data screens the crash data, and removal is invalid Data;Analysis is carried out based on effective collision data again and obtains test result, and whether the test result is for reflecting the collision Meet the test request of pre-configuration.
8. crash tests system as claimed in claim 3, which is characterized in that after obtaining test result, the control is set Back-up does not send reset command to the testee and the track equipment, and the steering-engine in the track equipment is described The operation angle of the testee and traffic direction are adjusted to the operation angle before crash tests under the control of reset command And traffic direction, the driving motor in the track equipment drive the testee along institute under the control of the reset command The sliding rail in track equipment is stated to run to the position before execution crash tests, control of the testee in the reset command It is lower that acquisition equipment is restored into the state to crash tests.
9. a kind of crash tests method is applied to as in the described in any item crash tests systems of claim 1-8, feature exists In the crash tests method includes:
The control equipment issues collision to the track equipment and the testee respectively according to the test request of pre-configuration Test instruction;
The track equipment adjusts the operating parameter of the testee under the control that the crash tests instruct to meet The test request of pre-configuration is stated, and the testee is driven to execute collision according to operating parameter adjusted;
The testee acquires crash data under the control that the crash tests instruct, and the crash data is reported to The control equipment carries out analysis and obtains test result.
10. crash tests method as claimed in claim 9, which is characterized in that the test request of the pre-configuration includes: tested Position, tested speed, tested angle and tested direction;The crash tests instruction includes regulating command and driving instruction;
It is described when executing crash tests, the control equipment according to the test request of pre-configuration respectively to the track equipment and The testee issues crash tests instruction, comprising:
When executing crash tests, control equipment tested angle according to included by the test request of the pre-configuration and by It surveys direction and generates regulating command;
The regulating command is issued to the steering-engine in the track equipment;
Driving instruction is generated according to measured position included by the test request of the pre-configuration and tested speed;And
The driving instruction is issued to the driving motor in the testee and the track equipment respectively.
11. crash tests method as claimed in claim 10, which is characterized in that the track equipment refers in the crash tests The operating parameter of the testee is adjusted under the control of order to meet the test request of the pre-configuration, and is driven described tested Object executes collision according to operating parameter adjusted, comprising:
Steering-engine in the track equipment is under the control of the regulating command by the operation angle tune of the testee Whole is tested angle, and the traffic direction of the testee is adjusted to tested direction;And
Driving motor in the track equipment drives the testee adjusted to press under the control of the driving instruction It runs according to sliding rail of the tested speed in the track equipment to measured position and executes crash tests;
The testee acquires crash data under the control that the crash tests instruct, and the crash data is reported to The control equipment carries out analysis and obtains test result, specifically: the testee opens under the control of the driving instruction Dynamic acquisition equipment acquires crash data, and the crash data is reported to the control equipment;And
The crash data carries acquisition time;The acquisition time that the control equipment is carried according to the crash data is to described Crash data is screened, and invalid data is removed;Analysis, which is carried out, based on effective collision data again obtains test result, the test As a result for reflecting whether the collision meets the test request of pre-configuration.
12. crash tests method as described in claim 10 or 11, which is characterized in that the crash tests method further include:
After obtaining test result, the control equipment is sent to the testee and the track equipment respectively resets life Enable, by the steering-engine in the track equipment under the control of the reset command by the operation angle of the testee and Traffic direction is adjusted to operation angle and traffic direction before crash tests, by the driving motor in the track equipment described Sliding rail of the testee in the track equipment is driven to run to before executing crash tests under the control of reset command Acquisition equipment is restored the state to crash tests under the control of the reset command by the testee by position.
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CN109001576B (en) * 2018-08-09 2020-09-15 北汽福田汽车股份有限公司 Vehicle collision simulation test method and device

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CN101430251A (en) * 2008-12-25 2009-05-13 中南大学 Vehicle component real object collision test method and tester
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KR20150036860A (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-04-08 김영구 Sled test apparatus
CN105092199A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-11-25 长沙立中汽车设计开发股份有限公司 Clash type trolley test apparatus

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CN101430251A (en) * 2008-12-25 2009-05-13 中南大学 Vehicle component real object collision test method and tester
CN103959034A (en) * 2012-01-26 2014-07-30 三菱重工业株式会社 Automobile crash simulation test apparatus, and method of controlling automobile crash simulation test
KR20150036860A (en) * 2013-09-30 2015-04-08 김영구 Sled test apparatus
CN105092199A (en) * 2015-08-31 2015-11-25 长沙立中汽车设计开发股份有限公司 Clash type trolley test apparatus

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