CN107572851A - It can realize that quantity-produced regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping device - Google Patents

It can realize that quantity-produced regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107572851A
CN107572851A CN201711015361.3A CN201711015361A CN107572851A CN 107572851 A CN107572851 A CN 107572851A CN 201711015361 A CN201711015361 A CN 201711015361A CN 107572851 A CN107572851 A CN 107572851A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
screening
regeneration aggregate
strengthened
plastic section
cylinder
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Pending
Application number
CN201711015361.3A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
汤寄予
高丹盈
李庆斌
何国建
李趁趁
曹明兰
杨淑慧
吕铭艳
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Zhengzhou University
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Zhengzhou University
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Priority to CN201711015361.3A priority Critical patent/CN107572851A/en
Publication of CN107572851A publication Critical patent/CN107572851A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

It can realize that quantity-produced regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping device the present invention relates to one kind, the shaping cylinder drive mechanism that the regeneration aggregate arranged including low dip after preceding height strengthens shaping cylinder and drives regeneration aggregate to strengthen the rotation of shaping cylinder, regeneration aggregate is strengthened is provided with charging aperture on shaping cylinder, the cylinder that regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping cylinder includes the screening reinforcing plastic section that at least two-stage is sequentially arranged along the longitudinal direction, each screening, which is strengthened, is provided with screening hole in plastic section, adjacent two-stage screening is strengthened in plastic section, the size that the screening hole of plastic section is strengthened in the screening of position rearward is more than the size that the screening hole of plastic section is strengthened in the forward screening in position.Regeneration aggregate classification separation can be realized the invention provides one kind and can realize that quantity-produced regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping device.

Description

It can realize that quantity-produced regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping device
Technical field
The present invention relates to can realize in green building mechanical field, quantity-produced regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping device.
Background technology
China is currently under the foundation engineering large-scaled construction period, to consume substantial amounts of concrete material every year, roughly Estimation, concrete Year's consumption is up to 3,000,000,000 cubes.The exploitation of concrete raw material has made natural resources face exhaustion, because of forest Natural calamity caused by vegetation wrecks takes place frequently.And the manufacture of cement as concrete gel material will not only consume largely Natural resources and the energy, the toxic and harmful gas such as substantial amounts of dust and carbon dioxide, sulfur dioxide are also given off, and cause temperature Room effect and the main contributor for forming haze weather.Meanwhile with the acceleration of new Development of China's Urbanization, cities and towns transformation and enlarging institute Caused building waste quantity also constantly increases.According to《The industry development of Chinese architecture garbage as resource is reported(2014 years)》's Measuring and calculating, China is every year because building waste caused by newly-built, dismounting, finishing etc. is about hundred million tons of 15.5-24.In these building wastes In, discarded concrete accounts for 41%, and masonry, dregs account for 40%.Construction refuse regenerated utilize such as discarded concrete and building block is given birth to Concrete, masonry mortar or building block etc. are produced, can break away from Concrete Industry and natural resources are depended on unduly, realize coagulation The harmonious development of local products industry, environment and natural resources.For transformation town and country construction pattern and construction industry development mode conscientiously, money is improved Source utilization ratio.But the resource rate of current China building waste is still less than 10%, far below the developed countries such as America and Europe more than 75% Recycling it is horizontal.Reason is many, in addition to the restraining factors such as management system is unsound, industrial policy imperfection, building Not high garbage as resource technical merit is basic reason.Construction refuse resource continues to use traditional mechanism sand using enterprise substantially at present The production technology and the processing regenerated aggregate of equipment, the regeneration aggregate surface adhesion produced of stone the loose porous mortar of quality Layer, the regeneration concrete mixture workability of preparation is poor, and maturing density is mixed relative to the natural aggregate of identical match ratio Solidifying soil is small, and mechanical property and endurance quality significantly reduce so that regeneration aggregate is difficult in concrete works practicality and natural Aggregate forms competitive advantage, lacks in mainly current regeneration aggregate production procedure and carries out reinforcing processing to regeneration aggregate surface Technique and equipment.
To solve the above problems, scientific research personnel is carrying out the research and development of relevant device, Chinese patent always CN106582999A discloses " a kind of environment-friendly type regeneration aggregate is strengthened and powder integrated system processed ", and the powder integrated system processed mainly wraps Particle shaping strengthening device system, pulverized coal preparation system and regulating system are included, it is strong that particle shaping strengthening device system includes particle shaping Change equipment, motor, blower fan, ribbon conveyer, lock wind button bag, lock wind counterweight valve, supporting airduct and matched bracket, pulverized coal preparation system Raymond mill, cyclone cylinder, supporting airduct, matched bracket including repacking, gather dust and Wind-pressure adjusting system, Wind-pressure adjusting system include Pressure type filter bag type dust-precipitator, partial pressure valve, matched bracket.Although the invention passes through effectively by recycled aggregate of waste concrete powder Broken, shaping is strengthened, powder processed and collecting method technique are integrated, can prepare regeneration concrete regeneration aggregate, regenerative micro powder, and Effectively reduce dust emission.Problems with the prior art be present:After particle shaping strengthening device, powder may be with warp The aggregate for crossing shaping reinforcing is discharged by the discharging opening of particle shaping strengthening device together, and powder can not with particle shaping strengthening device Realization is kept completely separate, in addition powder also easy dusting polluting environment;In addition use and broken class are strengthened in the shaping to regeneration aggregate Identical equipment, due to carrying out active force needed for broken and shaping reinforcing to regeneration aggregate in load mode, effect size and holding There is larger difference in continuous time etc., this is just determined will not by shaping reinforcing use and broken identical equipment and technique Ideal effect is obtained, can be to regeneration aggregate internal structure band according to intensive treatment is carried out to particle with broken identical active force To damage, conversely, being difficult to regenerate the abundant crushing of regeneration concrete progress using with intensive treatment identical active force Aggregate.On the other hand, aggregate production should meet continuous and mass operation needs, but prior art does not possess, therefore must Process equipment must be strengthened to regeneration aggregate and carry out new improvement.
The content of the invention
It can realize that aggregate separates with powder and can realize that quantity-produced regenerates it is an object of the invention to provide one kind Aggregate strengthens shaping device.
In order to solve the above technical problems, technical scheme is as follows:
It can realize that quantity-produced regeneration aggregate strengthens the regeneration aggregate reinforcing of low dip arrangement after shaping device, including preceding height Shaping cylinder and driving regeneration aggregate strengthen the shaping cylinder drive mechanism that shaping cylinder rotates, and regeneration aggregate is strengthened to be provided with shaping cylinder Charging aperture, the cylinder that regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping cylinder include the screening reinforcing shaping that at least two-stage is sequentially arranged along the longitudinal direction Section, each screening, which is strengthened, is provided with screening hole in plastic section, adjacent two-stage screening is strengthened in plastic section, and the screening of position rearward is strong The size for changing the screening hole of plastic section is more than the size that the screening hole of plastic section is strengthened in the forward screening in position.
The rear port closure of the cylinder, the front port of cylinder form the charging aperture.
The periphery that plastic section is strengthened in screening is covered with backgauge room, and backgauge room is separated into by dividing plate strengthens plastic section level with sieving Feed bin corresponding to number.
The front end of plastic section is strengthened in most front side screening, the rear end of plastic section and adjacent two neighboring sieve are strengthened in most rear side screening The annular striker plate coordinated with corresponding dividing plate rotary seal is provided with the cylinder divided between reinforcing plastic section.
The shape of cross section that plastic section is strengthened in the screening is ellipse.
The periphery of backgauge room is covered with dust-proof storehouse, and regeneration aggregate is strengthened shaping cylinder and is arranged in dust-proof storehouse, and dust-proof storehouse is removed Dirt mouth is connected with dust purification system.
Dust-proof storehouse is arranged in soundproof room, and the sound insulation locular wall of soundproof room is made up of Sound insulation material flitch.
The drive mechanism is servomotor drive mechanism.
The drive mechanism is controlled by control system.
Control system is by manipulating screen, controller etc. forms, controller by cable respectively with conveying motor and reinforcing shaping Motor connection, controller is integrated with the hardware and software for meeting controlled motor rotating speed requirement, and can be included by manipulating screen The setting of the parameters such as rotating speed, run time, real-time display and monitoring running status, also can be whole by setting up Sensor monitoring reinforcing Full material degree in shape cylinder and feed bin.
Beneficial effects of the present invention are:In the use of the present invention, the regeneration aggregate of preliminary working enters Regenerated Bone through charging aperture Material strengthens shaping cylinder, and regeneration aggregate is strengthened shaping cylinder and is rotated by drive mechanism, and regeneration aggregate moves backwards on one side, on one side Shaping is reinforced, is walked because strengthening the screened hole separation of particle caused by shaping, the particle of different-grain diameter is strong in screening not at the same level Change and separated in plastic section, the screening hole that maximum particle diameter regeneration aggregate strengthens plastic section through the screening of position rearward is isolated, and is realized While aggregate separates with classification, the continuous production of regeneration aggregate can also be realized.
Further, the regeneration aggregate of different-grain diameter is respectively fallen in corresponding feed bin, avoids secondary pollution to each other.
Further, abrasive material rack can improve the abrasive material effect to regeneration aggregate surface mortar weak floor.
Further, when strengthening shaping to regeneration aggregate, strengthened by changing the rotating speed of shaping motor and conveying motor come The reinforcing abrasion to regeneration aggregate are realized, cylinder rotates under suitable frequency, and the mortar for effectively abrading regeneration aggregate surface is thin Weak layer, in addition elliptoid structure also will not to regeneration aggregate produce excess force that, prevent regeneration aggregate from crushing, make reinforcing whole Regeneration aggregate particle after shape close to square circular, obtain it is good strengthen shaping effect while also farthest reduce pair The damage that aggregate internal structure is brought, applicability is respectively provided with to the regeneration aggregate in different performance and source.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is can to realize that quantity-produced regeneration aggregate strengthens the structural representation of the embodiment of shaping device in the present invention Figure;
Fig. 2 is Fig. 1 A-A to sectional view;
Fig. 3 is Fig. 1 B-B direction sectional view.
Embodiment
Regeneration aggregate strengthens the implementation of shaping device for example shown in Fig. 1 ~ 3:Strengthen shaping including feeding mechanism, regeneration aggregate Cylinder, denoising device and dust purification system, regeneration aggregate, which strengthens shaping cylinder, includes the cylinder 38 with plastic section and charging aperture, cylinder Low after preceding height in such as Fig. 1 of body 38 to be obliquely installed, the front end of plastic section is provided with support tube of the cross section for cylinder, shaping The rear end of section is provided with the support shaft being coaxially set with support tube, and supporting part is provided with support tube and support shaft, supports Supporting part on cylinder coordinates with the rotational support of race ring 3 in second base 20, the supporting part in support shaft and first base 28 On the rotational support of active bearings 29 coordinate.Regeneration aggregate, which strengthens shaping device, also includes drive mechanism, is driven in the present embodiment Mechanism includes the shaping motor 30 that is connected with support shaft coaxial transmission, and shaping motor 30 is the adjustable servomotor of rotating speed, shaping The motor cabinet of motor is arranged in first base 28.
The front port of support tube forms charging aperture, feeding mechanism is provided with charging aperture, feeding mechanism includes material-conveying belt 1 With feed hopper 2, the conveying motor 19 being connected with material-conveying belt 1 is provided with first base 20, conveying motor in the present embodiment 19 be servomotor, and conveying motor 19 passes through driving chain(Or transmission belt)It is connected with material-conveying belt 1.In use, Regenerated Bone Material is delivered in cylinder through material-conveying belt, and the cylinder 38 being obliquely installed can ensure that regeneration aggregate is transported from front to back under gravity Dynamic, plastic section is divided into circumferentially closed full plastic section 4 along the regeneration aggregate direction of motion and is provided with the screening in screening hole 27 Strengthen plastic section, in the present embodiment, plastic section is strengthened in screening multistage, and adjacent two-stage screening is strengthened in plastic section, along Regenerated Bone Material the direction of motion is upper rest against after the size in the screening screening hole 27 of strengthening plastic section be more than the forward screening in position and strengthen shaping The size in the screening hole of section, the axial length of full plastic section will be longer than the axial length that plastic section is strengthened in single-stage screening.Per one-level Screening reinforcing plastic section sieves hole group including multiple along cylinder is axially spaced apart, and each Kong Zujun that sieves is including multiple along week It is each to sieve the Kong Juncheng enlarging shapes that sectional dimension becomes larger from the inside to the outside to the spaced apart screening hole 27, so It is not easy buildup, avoids sieving hole plug.More are provided with along the circumferentially spaced abrasive material of cylinder on the inwall of full plastic section Rack 33, the length bearing of trend of each abrasive material rack 33 and the axial direction of cylinder are consistent, except afterbody sieves in the present embodiment Strengthen outside plastic section, others screening, which is strengthened, is also equipped with more abrasive material racks on plastic section inwall, abrasive material rack can with cylinder Tear connection open, be convenient for changing, corresponding screening hole is arranged between two neighboring abrasive material rack.Fig. 1 middle terms 7 represent first order screening Strengthen plastic section;Item 8 represents that plastic sections are strengthened in second level screening;Item 9 represents that plastic sections are strengthened in penultimate stages screening;10 tables of item Show that plastic section is strengthened in afterbody screening.
The peripheral closure that plastic section is strengthened in screening is provided with backgauge room 6, and backgauge room 6 is separated into by dividing plate strengthens plastic section with sieving Feed bin 23,24,25 and 26 corresponding to series, the screening hole that plastic section is strengthened in each screening is corresponding with corresponding feed bin respectively, every It is provided with plate and is provided with and backgauge room every hole, the cylinder periphery that adjacent two-stage screening is strengthened between plastic section for what cylinder passed through The annular striker plate 5 that coordinates of dividing plate rotary seal, every the aperture in hole along between front and rear two neighboring annular striker plate, this Sample can avoids the pollution each other between feed bin.Dust-proof storehouse 12 is covered with outside cylinder and backgauge room, dust staticizes equipment and is connected to The discharge outlet in dust-proof storehouse 12.Dust purification system includes dust collection pipe 13, air exhauster 17, water inlet pipe 18, wet electrostatic and removed Dirt main frame 31, heavy slurry delivery pipe 32 etc., caused dust enters wet method electrostatic collector by dust collection pipe 13 in dust-proof storehouse 12 In main frame 31, returned greatly by purification air discharge duct 16 under the drive of air exhauster 17 after carrying the purified separation of air of dust In gas, dust granules combine to form dirt pulp-water with water under electrostatic interaction and sink in wet method electrostatic collector main frame 31 bottom of pond set, Discharged through dirt slurry delivery pipe 32, utilization can be collected using prior art, the primary water after precipitation process can be by water inlet pipe 18 recycle in the present system.Fig. 1 middle terms 11 represent dust-proof bulkhead.
Denoising device surrounds feeding mechanism by sound insulation locular wall 14, regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping cylinder, powder purification apparatus is formed Soundproof room 15 form.Sound insulation locular wall 14 is made up of Sound insulation material flitch.Regeneration aggregate, which strengthens shaping device, also includes control system, Control system is made up of manipulation screen 21, controller 22 etc., and controller 22 is connected with conveying motor and shaping motor respectively by cable Connect, controller is integrated with the hardware and software for meeting controlled motor rotating speed requirement, and can by manipulate screen 21 include rotating speed, The setting of the parameters such as run time, real-time display and monitoring running status etc., also can by set up Sensor monitoring shaping cylinder and Full material degree in feed bin etc..Realize that the reinforcing to regeneration aggregate is ground by changing the rotating speed of shaping motor and conveying motor Consumption, applicability is respectively provided with to the regeneration aggregate in different performance and source.
In use, regeneration aggregate is delivered in the plastic section of cylinder through feeding unit, then under gravity by it is preceding extremely After move, regeneration aggregate fully after abrasion, strengthens plastic section, oval plastic section has in full plastic section subsequently into screening Beneficial to circumnutation amplitude and frequency of the increase inwall to the impulsive contact force and particle of particle in cylinder.Abrasive material rack is used to improve Abrasion and shaping efficiency to particle, in the motion process of regeneration aggregate from front to back, sieved step by step, such as in this implementation The screening hole aperture of first order screening reinforcing plastic section can be set to 0.075mm in example, and the powder screened out can be also collected, finally The particulate material that plastic section is used to screen out maximum one-level is strengthened in one-level screening, realizes the continuous shaping of regeneration aggregate.
In other embodiments of the invention:Abrasive material rack can also be set by sieving reinforcing plastic section in afterbody;Mill Material rack can not also be set;Screening strengthen plastic section series can also be configured as needed, such as two-stage, three-level, Level Four or other series.

Claims (9)

1. it can realize that quantity-produced regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping device, it is characterised in that:Arranged including low dip after preceding height Regeneration aggregate strengthen shaping cylinder and drive regeneration aggregate to strengthen the shaping cylinder drive mechanism that shaping cylinder rotates, regeneration aggregate is strengthened Charging aperture is provided with shaping cylinder, the cylinder that regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping cylinder includes what at least two-stage was sequentially arranged along the longitudinal direction Plastic section is strengthened in screening, and each screening, which is strengthened, is provided with screening hole in plastic section, adjacent two-stage screening is strengthened in plastic section, position The size that the screening hole of plastic section is strengthened in screening rearward is more than the size that the screening hole of plastic section is strengthened in the forward screening in position.
2. regeneration aggregate according to claim 1 strengthens shaping device, it is characterised in that:The rear port envelope of the cylinder Stifled, the front port of cylinder forms the charging aperture.
3. regeneration aggregate according to claim 1 or 2 strengthens shaping device, it is characterised in that:Plastic section is strengthened in screening Periphery is covered with backgauge room, and backgauge room is separated into feed bin corresponding with screening reinforcing plastic section series by dividing plate.
4. regeneration aggregate according to claim 3 strengthens shaping device, it is characterised in that:Plastic section is strengthened in most front side screening Front end, most rear side screening strengthen plastic section rear end and it is adjacent it is two neighboring screening strengthen plastic section between cylinder on set There is the annular striker plate coordinated with corresponding dividing plate rotary seal.
5. the regeneration aggregate according to claim requirement 3 strengthens shaping device, it is characterised in that:Shaping is strengthened in the screening The shape of cross section of section is ellipse.
6. regeneration aggregate according to claim 3 strengthens shaping device, it is characterised in that:The periphery of backgauge room is covered with anti- Dirt storehouse, regeneration aggregate are strengthened shaping cylinder and are arranged in dust-proof storehouse, and the dust removal port in dust-proof storehouse is connected with dust purification system.
7. regeneration aggregate according to claim 6 strengthens shaping device, it is characterised in that:Dust-proof storehouse is arranged at soundproof room Interior, the sound insulation locular wall of soundproof room is made up of Sound insulation material flitch.
8. regeneration aggregate according to claim 1 strengthens shaping device, it is characterised in that:The drive mechanism is servo electricity Machine drive mechanism.
9. regeneration aggregate according to claim 1 strengthens shaping device, it is characterised in that:The drive mechanism is by control system System is controlled.
CN201711015361.3A 2017-10-26 2017-10-26 It can realize that quantity-produced regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping device Pending CN107572851A (en)

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CN201711015361.3A CN107572851A (en) 2017-10-26 2017-10-26 It can realize that quantity-produced regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711015361.3A CN107572851A (en) 2017-10-26 2017-10-26 It can realize that quantity-produced regeneration aggregate strengthens shaping device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112521037A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-19 扬州大学 Equipment for high-temperature cooperative reinforcement of recycled aggregate and use method

Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20020060435A (en) * 2001-01-11 2002-07-18 홍성평 Reforming Process and System for Recycled Aggregate
CN206356229U (en) * 2016-11-08 2017-07-28 深圳市鸿生建材有限公司 A kind of aggregate separated machine

Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20020060435A (en) * 2001-01-11 2002-07-18 홍성평 Reforming Process and System for Recycled Aggregate
CN206356229U (en) * 2016-11-08 2017-07-28 深圳市鸿生建材有限公司 A kind of aggregate separated machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112521037A (en) * 2020-12-11 2021-03-19 扬州大学 Equipment for high-temperature cooperative reinforcement of recycled aggregate and use method

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