CN107571359B - A kind of production method of improved wood - Google Patents

A kind of production method of improved wood Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107571359B
CN107571359B CN201710816749.7A CN201710816749A CN107571359B CN 107571359 B CN107571359 B CN 107571359B CN 201710816749 A CN201710816749 A CN 201710816749A CN 107571359 B CN107571359 B CN 107571359B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
timber
cylinder
push
rod
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710816749.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN107571359A (en
Inventor
杨志刚
Original Assignee
海宁恒森家具有限公司
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Priority to CN201710816749.7A priority Critical patent/CN107571359B/en
Publication of CN107571359A publication Critical patent/CN107571359A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107571359B publication Critical patent/CN107571359B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K3/00Impregnating wood, e.g. impregnation pretreatment, for example puncturing; Wood impregnation aids not directly involved in the impregnation process
    • B27K3/02Processes; Apparatus
    • B27K3/08Impregnating by pressure, e.g. vacuum impregnation
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B29/00Machines or devices for polishing surfaces on work by means of tools made of soft or flexible material with or without the application of solid or liquid polishing agents
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B47/00Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor
    • B24B47/10Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces
    • B24B47/12Drives or gearings; Equipment therefor for rotating or reciprocating working-spindles carrying grinding wheels or workpieces by mechanical gearing or electric power
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B24GRINDING; POLISHING
    • B24BMACHINES, DEVICES, OR PROCESSES FOR GRINDING OR POLISHING; DRESSING OR CONDITIONING OF ABRADING SURFACES; FEEDING OF GRINDING, POLISHING, OR LAPPING AGENTS
    • B24B55/00Safety devices for grinding or polishing machines; Accessories fitted to grinding or polishing machines for keeping tools or parts of the machine in good working condition
    • B24B55/06Dust extraction equipment on grinding or polishing machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K3/00Impregnating wood, e.g. impregnation pretreatment, for example puncturing; Wood impregnation aids not directly involved in the impregnation process
    • B27K3/02Processes; Apparatus
    • B27K3/08Impregnating by pressure, e.g. vacuum impregnation
    • B27K3/10Apparatus
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K3/00Impregnating wood, e.g. impregnation pretreatment, for example puncturing; Wood impregnation aids not directly involved in the impregnation process
    • B27K3/52Impregnating agents containing mixtures of inorganic and organic compounds
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K2240/00Purpose of the treatment
    • B27K2240/20Removing fungi, molds or insects
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B27WORKING OR PRESERVING WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIAL; NAILING OR STAPLING MACHINES IN GENERAL
    • B27KPROCESSES, APPARATUS OR SELECTION OF SUBSTANCES FOR IMPREGNATING, STAINING, DYEING, BLEACHING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS, OR TREATING OF WOOD OR SIMILAR MATERIALS WITH PERMEANT LIQUIDS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL TREATMENT OF CORK, CANE, REED, STRAW OR SIMILAR MATERIALS
    • B27K2240/00Purpose of the treatment
    • B27K2240/30Fireproofing

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of production methods of improved wood.The technical problems such as it is excessively complicated that it solves the step of existing preparation method, needs to spend a large amount of preparation time, and preparation speed is slow.The production method of person's character timber, comprise the following steps that a, by timber be 50~60 DEG C in temperature at dry 6~10h;B, timber is sawed into strip according to production requirement, wood surface is polished by burnishing device;C, timber is put into the vacuum tank of dipping systems, vacuumizing makes in vacuum tank vacuum degree in -0.06~-0.1MPa, after keeping 20~40min, then Wooden modifying liquid injected in vacuum tank, and Wooden modifying liquid is made to flood timber completely, then vacuum is released, apply 0.8~1.6MPa air pressure into vacuum tank, after keeping 1~3h, pressure relief, remaining Wooden modifying liquid is discharged, takes out timber;D, timber is air-dried to surface and is remained without obvious water mark, then moved to dry kiln and dried.The present invention has the advantages that production is quick.

Description

A kind of production method of improved wood
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of production methods of improved wood.
Background technique
Timber and its product are widely used in interior decoration, office furniture, house construction and indoor decoration, but it exists easily Rotten, easy to change, the problems such as easily catching fire, directly affects the using effect of its product and with field.Timber is changed as a result, Property processing be constantly subjected to extensive concern for a long time.
Through retrieving, as Chinese patent literature disclose a kind of nano-titanium dioxide timber preparation method [application number: 201510721359.2].Although preparation method wide adaptation range disclosed in the patent, the mistake the step of preparation method In complexity, need to spend a large amount of preparation time, preparation speed is slow, and therefore, the production method for designing a kind of improved wood is It is necessary to.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of the present invention is there is the above problem in view of the prior art, a kind of producer of improved wood is proposed Method, the production method have the characteristics that production is quick.
Object of the invention can be realized by the following technical scheme: a kind of production method of improved wood, feature exist In, comprise the following steps that a, by timber be 50~60 DEG C in temperature at dry 6~10h, make the moisture content 12~16% of timber; B, timber is sawed into strip according to production requirement, wood surface is polished by burnishing device;C, timber is put into Into the vacuum tank of dipping systems, vacuumizing makes vacuum degree in vacuum tank keep 20~40min in -0.06~-0.1MPa Afterwards, then by Wooden modifying liquid it injects in vacuum tank, and Wooden modifying liquid is made to flood timber completely, vacuum is then released, to vacuum Apply 0.8~1.6MPa air pressure in tank, after keeping 1~3h, remaining Wooden modifying liquid is discharged in pressure relief, takes out timber;d, Timber is air-dried to surface and is remained without obvious water mark, dry kiln is then moved to and is dried, first with temperature be 60~70 DEG C dry 1~ 3h, then with temperature be 90~100 DEG C of dry 3~5h is finally 130~140 DEG C of dry 1~2h to get to moisture content with temperature For 5~8% improved wood.
Using this method, by the way that timber is put into the vacuum tank of dipping systems, in vacuum and the environment of pressurization into Row dipping, the time impregnated needed for being substantially shorter, production is quick.
Wooden modifying liquid in the step c includes following component by weight: 30~50 parts of phosphoric acid, titanium dioxide 3~6 parts of particle, 8~12 parts of urea, 0.3~0.5 part of catalyst, 1~2 part of nano-tourmaline powder, tetrakis hydroxymetyl phosphonium sulfuric 3~ 10 parts, 2~5 parts of aluminium triphosphate, 3~6 parts of magnesium chloride, 2~4 parts of sodium carbonate, 4~6 parts of borax, 0.4~1.2 part of silicone oil, water 40~60 parts.
It can make Wooden modifying liquid that there is preferable fire-retardant, acid and alkali-resistance and corrosion resistant performance.
Dipping systems in the step c include rack, and mounting rack is fixed in rack, is fixed in a ring on mounting rack Sliding rail, be provided with several slides on sliding rail, the driving mechanism that slide can drive it to move back and forth with one is connected, fixed on slide There is push-rod electric machine one, straight down, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine one is connected the push rod of push-rod electric machine one with lifting disk, lifting disk On be fixed with decelerating motor, the output of decelerating motor straight down, the output shaft end of decelerating motor and conveying in a circular table shape Cylinder is connected, and has the positioning mechanism that can position timber on transport tube, is also disposed in rack for timber feeding Feeding device, for timber impregnate infuser device and for the blanking device of wood blanking.
The working principle of dipping systems is as follows: driving slide to move back and forth along sliding rail by driving mechanism, slide drives Transport tube moves back and forth, and the push rod of control push-rod electric machine one drives lifting disk to move up and down, and lifting disk drives and moves down on transport tube It is dynamic, transport tube can be made to be located at required position, timber is transported at transport tube by feeding device, by positioning mechanism by timber It is located on transport tube, liquid medicine is impregnated to the timber on transport tube by infuser device, it will be at transport tube by blanking device Timber is removed, and is worked continuously to can realize, impregnating speed is fast;Can also be as needed, the output shaft for controlling decelerating motor drives Transport tube rotation, transport tube drive timber rotation.
The driving mechanism includes that gear ring, several driving motors and several driving wheels, gear ring are fixed on mounting rack, and tooth Circle is located on the inside of sliding rail, and driving motor is fixed on slide, and the output shaft of driving motor is vertically arranged, and driving wheel is fixed on driving The output shaft end of motor, and driving wheel is meshed with gear ring.
When that slide need to be made to move back and forth, control driving motor output shaft drive driving wheel rotation, driving wheel gradually with Gear ring, which is meshed, moves back and forth slide along sliding rail, so as to move back and forth slide.
The transport tube side offers several through-holes one, and transport tube lower part is fixed with the collecting board being resilient, collecting board On offer several through-holes two, and the aperture of through-hole two is less than the aperture of through-hole one, is connected with delivery pipe in the middle part of collecting board, discharges Solenoid valve one is provided on pipe.
Using the structure, since transport tube is in a circular table shape, when impregnating operation, the impurity of bulky grain is entered from through-hole one It in transport tube, and cannot be discharged from through-hole two, be collected by collecting board.
Vibrating motor is further fixed on by spring on the collecting board.
Using the structure, so that collecting board is generated vibration by vibrating motor, can avoid through-hole two and block.
The positioning mechanism includes mounting ring one and mounting ring two, and mounting ring one is fixed on transport tube top, mounting ring one On be provided with several driving shafts, the rotating electric machine that driving shaft upper end can drive it to rotate with one is connected, driving shaft lower end and finger Cylinder one is connected, and transport tube can be fixed on for the fixture block one that timber one end positions, mounting ring two by being fixed in finger cylinder one Lower part is provided with several driven shafts in mounting ring two, and driven shaft upper end is connected with finger cylinder two, is fixed in finger cylinder two It can be by fixture block two that the timber other end positions.
When timber need to be located on transport tube, controls finger cylinder one and finger cylinder two acts, fixture block one will be wooden Material one end positions, and fixture block two positions the timber other end, so as to which timber to be located on transport tube;It can also be according to need It wants, the output shaft for controlling rotating electric machine drives driving shaft rotation, and driving shaft drives finger cylinder one to rotate, makes the wood on transport tube Material rotation.
The feeding device includes feeding seat, push-rod electric machine two, discharge plate, shaft and support ring one, and feeding seat is fixed on In rack, push-rod electric machine two is fixed on feeding seat, the push rod of push-rod electric machine two straight up, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine two It is connected with lifter plate, shaft is vertically arranged on lifter plate, and the power motor that shaft lower end can drive it to rotate with one is connected, and is turned Axis upper end is connected with discharge plate, offered on discharge plate it is several can make the tilted-putted trough of timber, support ring one passes through company Bar one is fixed on feeding seat, and support ring one is located at the surface of discharge plate, is fixed with several push-rod electric machines in support ring one Three, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine three is towards the center of support ring one, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine three and finger cylinder three-phase Even, the fixture block three that fixation can position the timber on discharge plate in finger cylinder three.
When timber need to be transported at transport tube, the output shaft for controlling power motor drives shaft rotation, and shaft drives Discharge plate rotation, timber is inserted into placing groove one by one, and after piling, the push rod of control push-rod electric machine two drives lifter plate upward Mobile, lifter plate drives discharge plate to move up;The push rod for controlling push-rod electric machine three stretches out, and the push rod band of push-rod electric machine three is started Refer to that cylinder three is mobile, fixture block three positions the timber on discharge plate;The push rod of control push-rod electric machine two, which moves down, makes blowing Disk resets;Transport tube is set to be located at the surface of support ring one, the push rod of control push-rod electric machine one drives lifting disk to move down, rises Drop disk drives transport tube to move down, and is located at transport tube in support ring one;The push rod of control push-rod electric machine three continues to stretch out, and pushes away The push rod of bar motor three drives finger cylinder three to continue to move to, and timber is transported at transport tube by fixture block three, and feeding is convenient.
Be additionally provided on the feeding seat can to discharge plate convey timber feeding machanism, feeding machanism include manipulator, Conveyer belt, internal dedusting plate, collecting bag and the aspiration pump with cavity, conveyer belt are arranged on feeding seat, and it is fixed that dedusting plate passes through Position bar is fixed on feeding seat, and dedusting plate is located at the surface of conveyer belt, and is had between dedusting plate and conveyer belt logical for timber The gap crossed offers several dedusting holes being connected with cavity on dedusting plate, and dedusting hole is downward, and the cavity of dedusting plate passes through Connecting tube is connected with aspiration pump, and collecting bag is arranged in connecting tube, and manipulator one end is fixed on feeding seat, and manipulator is another The clamping jaw that timber can be clamped is fixed on end.
Using the structure, timber is put on conveyer belt one by one, opens aspiration pump, by connecting tube by the sky at dedusting plate Gas is taken away, and the dust on timber is collected into collecting bag with air-flow;Manipulator behavior is controlled, clamping jaw is by the wood on conveyer belt It after material is clamped, is put into the trough of discharge plate, to can realize that it is fed operation.
Guide plate is further fixed on the conveyer belt.
Also there are several idler wheels on the guide plate.
The infuser device includes impregnating seat and vacuum tank, and vacuum tank, which is fixed on, to be impregnated on seat, and vacuum tank top, which has, to be taken Mouth is put, picks and places and is provided with sealing ring at mouth, and sealing ring can lean with lifting disk, also there is vacuum mechanism on vacuum tank and is added Press mechanism, vacuum tank lower part are connected by grug transportation tube with liquid medicine case, and delivery pump one and solenoid valve two are provided on grug transportation tube, leaching The chemical supply machine structure that liquid medicine can be conveyed to liquid medicine case is additionally provided on bubble seat.
When liquid medicine need to be impregnated to the timber on transport tube, transport tube is made to be located at the surface of vacuum tank, control push rod electricity The push rod of machine one drives lifting disk to move down, and lifting disk drives transport tube to move down, and is located at transport tube in vacuum tank;It opens Delivery pump one is opened, the liquid medicine of liquid medicine case is transported in vacuum tank by grug transportation tube, so as to be impregnated to the timber on transport tube Liquid medicine, it is convenient to impregnate.
The chemical supply machine structure includes compounding bin and communicating pipe, and compounding bin, which is fixed on, to be impregnated on seat, and compounding bin top, which has, to be added Material mouth is connected with charge pipe at feed opening, is provided with delivery pump two, check valve one and solenoid valve three on charge pipe, under Scatula Portion is connected by medicine supplying pipe with liquid medicine upper box part, and delivery pump three, check valve two and solenoid valve four are provided on medicine supplying pipe, is made up a prescription Several diversion pipes one and several diversion pipes two, diversion pipe one and the distribution of the equal circular array of diversion pipe two are vertically arranged in bucket, And diversion pipe one is located at two outside of diversion pipe, the upper end of diversion pipe one is closed end, and the lower end of diversion pipe one is connected with water pump one, Several deflector holes one are offered on diversion pipe one, and deflector hole one is twist distributed, the lower end of diversion pipe two is closed end, is led The upper end of flow tube two is connected with water pump two, several deflector holes two is offered on diversion pipe two, and deflector hole two is twist distributed, Demarcation plate is also arranged on diversion pipe one and diversion pipe two, demarcation plate will be separated into upper cavity and lower chamber inside compounding bin, point Partition with one can drive thereon the lower lifting structure gone up and down be connected, communicating pipe upper end be connected with the upper box part that makes up a prescription, under communicating pipe End is connected with compounding bin lower part.
Using the structure, delivery pump two is opened, all kinds of raw materials are added in Scatula by charge pipe;Open water pump one With water pump two, the raw material of compounding bin lower part is delivered up by diversion pipe one, and is exported from deflector hole one, spiral liquid is formed Stream, is conveyed downwards the raw material on compounding bin top by diversion pipe two, and export from deflector hole two, forms spiral liquid flow, together When, drive demarcation plate to move down by lifting structure, demarcation plate pressurizes to lower chamber, and communicating pipe is by compounding bin lower part Raw material is delivered up, and drives demarcation plate to move up by lifting structure, demarcation plate pressurizes to upper cavity, and communicating pipe will match The raw material on explosive barrel top conveys downwards, and raw material is stirred evenly, and significantly less can make up a prescription the required time, speed of making up a prescription is fast;It opens Delivery pump three is opened, the liquid medicine in Scatula is transported in liquid medicine case by medicine supplying pipe.
The lifting structure includes push-rod electric machine four, guide rail, sliding block, support frame and elevating lever, and support frame is fixed on immersion On seat, guide rail is fixed vertically, and sliding block is arranged on guide rail on the support frame, and push-rod electric machine four is fixed on the support frame, push rod electricity Straight down, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine four is connected the push rod of machine four with sliding block, and elevating lever upper end passes through compounding bin and sliding block It is connected, elevating lever lower end is connected by connection frame with demarcation plate.
Agitating shaft is also vertically arranged on the demarcation plate, agitating shaft upper end is located in upper cavity, agitating shaft upper end and stirs Mix piece one be connected, agitating shaft lower end is located in lower chamber, and agitating shaft lower end is connected with stirring sheet two, agitating shaft lower end also with an energy The rotary electric machine for driving it to rotate is connected.
Interstage sleeve one is fixed with by connecting rod one on the demarcation plate, and interstage sleeve one is slidably arranged on diversion pipe one and energy Deflector hole one is sheltered from.
When demarcation plate moves up and down, demarcation plate drives interstage sleeve one to move up and down, and interstage sleeve one hides corresponding deflector hole one It blocks, the pressure at the deflector hole one for keeping its adjacent increases, to be partially formed irregular liquid stream.
Interstage sleeve two is fixed with by connecting rod two on the demarcation plate, and interstage sleeve two is slidably arranged on diversion pipe two and energy Deflector hole two is sheltered from.
When demarcation plate moves up and down, demarcation plate drives interstage sleeve two to move up and down, and interstage sleeve two hides corresponding deflector hole two It blocks, the pressure at the deflector hole two for keeping its adjacent increases, to be partially formed irregular liquid stream.
Flow control valve is additionally provided on the communicating pipe.
The blanking device includes blanking seat, support ring two, flexible stop collar, air bag one annular in shape and movement Plate, blanking seat are fixed on the rack, and support ring two is fixed on blanking seat by connecting rod two, and several push away is fixed in support ring two Bar motor five, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine five is towards the center of support ring two, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine five and finger gas Cylinder four is connected, the fixture block four that fixation can have the timber on transport tube to position in finger cylinder four, and movable plate is arranged in blanking seat On, the mobile mechanism that movable plate can drive it to move back and forth with one is connected, and push-rod electric machine six, push-rod electric machine are fixed on movable plate Straight up, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine six is connected six push rod with mounting plate, and servo motor one is fixed on mounting plate, is watched The output shaft for taking motor one is horizontally disposed, and the output shaft end of servo motor one is connected with rotating turret, and stop collar setting is rotating On frame, stop collar side is connected with the push-rod electric machine seven that one can drive it to move back and forth, and the stop collar other side and one can drive it The push-rod electric machine eight moved back and forth is connected, and air bag one is set in stop collar, and air bag one is connected by connecting rope with stop collar, With several for placing the placing groove of timber on air bag one, air bag one is connected by appendix one with air pump one, rotating turret On be additionally provided with the location structure that the timber in placing groove can be positioned.
When the timber at transport tube need to be removed, transport tube is made to be located at the surface of support ring two, controls push-rod electric machine One push rod drives lifting disk to move down, and lifting disk drives transport tube to move down, and is located at transport tube in support ring two;Control The push rod of push-rod electric machine five processed stretches out, and the push rod of push-rod electric machine five drives finger cylinder four mobile, and fixture block four will be on transport tube Timber positions, meanwhile, it controls finger cylinder one and finger cylinder two is unclamped;The pusher retracted of push-rod electric machine five is controlled, meanwhile, Control push-rod electric machine one moves up;Drive movable plate close to support ring two by mobile mechanism, movable plate is located at stop collar The push rod of the surface of support ring two, control push-rod electric machine six drives mounting plate to move down, and mounting plate drives rotating turret downward Mobile, rotating turret drives stop collar to move down, and stop collar drives air bag one to move down, and is nested into the timber on fixture block four In corresponding placing groove, the timber in placing groove is positioned by location structure, control finger cylinder four is unclamped;Control servo The output shaft of motor one drives rotating turret rotation, and rotating turret drives stop collar rotation, and stop collar drives air bag one to rotate, makes air bag Timber on one is horizontal positioned;Control the push rod retraction of push-rod electric machine seven, the push rod of push-rod electric machine seven drive one side of stop collar to Outer movement, meanwhile, the push rod retraction of control push-rod electric machine eight, the push rod of push-rod electric machine eight drives the stop collar other side to be moved out It is dynamic, so that air bag one is formed the structure of "-" type, timber level is stacked, blanking is convenient.
The location structure includes several in block-like air bag two, and air bag two is fixed on the inner wall of placing groove, air bag two It is connected to by appendix two with air pump two-phase.
Using the structure, air pump two is opened, ambient atmos are transported in air bag two by appendix two or from air bag two It is middle that gas is discharged to the external world, timber can be positioned or unclamp timber, positioning is quick.
The moving structure includes positioning strip, gear, rack gear, servo motor two, guide rod and guide sleeve, and positioning strip level is fixed On blanking seat, guide rod is horizontally fixed on positioning strip, is led and is set on guide rod, and rack gear is horizontally fixed on positioning strip, and Rack gear is parallel to each other with guide rod, and servo motor two is fixed on guide sleeve, and the output shaft of servo motor two is horizontally disposed, and gear is fixed In the output shaft end of servo motor two, and wheel and rack is meshed, and movable plate is fixed on guide sleeve.
Stacking mechanism is additionally provided on the blanking seat, stacking mechanism includes tray, pressing plate, swingle and push-rod electric machine Nine, swingle is vertically arranged on blanking seat, and the servo motor three that swingle lower end can drive it to rotate with one is connected, swingle Upper end is connected with tray, and column is fixed on blanking seat, and push-rod electric machine nine is fixed on column, and the push rod of push-rod electric machine nine is perpendicular Straight downward, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine nine is connected with pressing plate, and pressing plate can lean with tray.
When need to staggeredly stack the timber of adjacent two layers, the output shaft of control servo motor one drives rotating turret rotation, Keep the timber on air bag one horizontal positioned;The push rod retraction of push-rod electric machine seven is controlled, the push rod of push-rod electric machine seven drives stop collar Side is displaced outwardly, meanwhile, the push rod retraction of control push-rod electric machine eight, the push rod of push-rod electric machine eight drives stop collar another lateral Outer movement makes air bag one form the structure of "-" type;The push rod band dynamic pressure plate for controlling push-rod electric machine nine moves down, and pressing plate is by gas Timber at capsule one is pushed down, by air bag one and wood seperation;The output shaft for controlling servo motor three drives swingle rotation, rotation Bar drives tray rotation, so that tray is rotated 90 degree, repeats the above steps, and can staggeredly stack the timber of adjacent two layers, behaviour Make laborsaving.
Burnishing device in the step b includes pedestal, and turn-over positioning mechanism and polishing mechanism are provided on the pedestal, Turn-over positioning mechanism includes bracket one, bracket two, rotation axis, overturning motor, movable block, fixed block, cylinder one, cylinder two and support Plate, bracket one are fixed on pedestal one end, and overturning motor is fixed on bracket one, and the output shaft for overturning motor is horizontally disposed, overturning The output shaft end of motor is connected with fixed block, and having on fixed block can be by the locating slot one that timber one end positions, bracket two It is fixed on the pedestal other end, rotation axis one end is arranged on bracket two, and the rotation axis other end is connected with cylinder one, the work of cylinder one Stopper rod is horizontally disposed, and the piston rod end of cylinder one is connected with movable block, and the timber other end can be positioned by having on movable block Locating slot two, cylinder two is fixed on the base, and straight up, supporting plate is fixed on the piston rod of cylinder two to the piston rod of cylinder two End has the limiting slot that can limit timber on supporting plate.
The working principle of burnishing device is as follows: positioning one end of timber by the locating slot one of fixed block, controls gas The piston rod of cylinder one drives movable block close to fixed block, is positioned the other end of timber by the locating slot two of movable block, controls The piston rod of cylinder two processed drives supporting plate to move upwards, and the limiting slot on supporting plate limits the bottom of timber, passes through polishing machine Structure polishes the surface of timber;After the completion of polishing, the output shaft of control overturning motor drives fixed block rotation, turns over timber Face repeats above-mentioned movement, four faces of timber is polished, and is not necessarily to artificial turn-over, and polishing is convenient.
The polishing mechanism includes locating rack, cylinder three, elevation base plate, Mobile base, polishing wheel and stepper motor one, positioning Frame is fixed on the base, and cylinder three is fixed on locating rack, the piston rod of cylinder three straight down, the piston rod end of cylinder three It is connected with elevation base plate, Mobile base is arranged in elevation base plate, the driving structure phase that Mobile base can drive it to move back and forth with one Even, stepper motor one is fixed on Mobile base, and the output shaft of stepper motor one is horizontally disposed, and polishing wheel is fixed on stepper motor one Output shaft end, and polishing wheel is located at the surface of supporting plate.
When that need to polish to timber, the output shaft of control stepper motor one drives polishing wheel rotation, controls cylinder three Piston rod drive elevation base plate move down, elevation base plate drive Mobile base move down, make the polishing wheel operated with Wood surface contact, moves back and forth Mobile base by driving structure, and Mobile base drives polishing wheel to move back and forth, so as to wood Material is polished.
The driving structure include mounting bar, guide rod, guide block, stepper motor two, main synchronizing wheel, from synchronizing wheel with it is synchronous Band, mounting bar are fixed in elevation base plate, and guide rod is horizontally fixed on mounting bar, and main synchronization on the guide bar is arranged in guide block Wheel is arranged by connecting shaft one in mounting bar one end, and the end of connecting shaft one is connected with stepper motor two, passes through connecting shaft two from synchronizing wheel It is arranged in the mounting bar other end, synchronous belt is set in main synchronizing wheel with outside synchronizing wheel, and Mobile base is connected with guide block.
The material of the fixed block and movable block is polyurethane.
It is further fixed on barrier cover on the Mobile base, obstructs the opening down of cover, barrier cover top passes through sweep-up pipe and pumping Blower is connected, and filter bag is provided on sweep-up pipe.
Observation panel is offered on the barrier cover, transparent organic plates are provided at observation panel.
Compared with prior art, the production method of this improved wood has the advantages that this:
By the way that timber to be put into the vacuum tank of dipping systems, impregnated in vacuum and the environment of pressurization, it can be big Big to shorten the required time impregnated, production is quick.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the schematic perspective view of dipping systems.
Fig. 2 is the partial enlarged view in Fig. 1 at A.
Fig. 3 is the planar structure schematic diagram of transport tube.
Fig. 4 is the schematic perspective view of feeding device.
Fig. 5 is the schematic perspective view of feeding machanism in feeding device.
Fig. 6 is the schematic perspective view of infuser device.
Fig. 7 is the planar structure schematic diagram of chemical supply machine structure in infuser device.
Fig. 8 is the schematic perspective view of blanking device.
Fig. 9 is the planar structure schematic diagram of moving structure in blanking device.
Figure 10 is the planar structure schematic diagram of stacking mechanism in blanking device.
Figure 11 is the planar structure schematic diagram of burnishing device.
In figure, 1, rack;2, feeding seat;3, mounting rack;5, seat is impregnated;6, blanking seat;7, gear ring;8, sliding rail;9, it drives Wheel;11, driving motor;12, slide;13, push-rod electric machine one;14, decelerating motor;15, lifting disk;16, rotating electric machine;17, pacify Fill ring one;18, driving shaft;19, finger cylinder one;20, transport tube;20a, through-hole one;21, refer to cylinder two;22, driven shaft;23, Mounting ring two;24, vibrating motor;25, spring;26, collecting board;26a, through-hole two;27, solenoid valve one;28, delivery pipe;29, turn Axis;30, push-rod electric machine two;31, lifter plate;32, connecting rod one;33, discharge plate;33a, trough;34, support ring one;35, push rod Motor three;36, finger cylinder three;37, locating rod;38, connecting tube;39, collecting bag;41, aspiration pump;42, conveyer belt;43, it removes Dirt plate;44, guide plate;45, idler wheel;46, manipulator;47, clamping jaw;48, vacuum tank;49, grug transportation tube;51, solenoid valve two;52, Delivery pump one;53, liquid medicine case;54, compounding bin;55, solenoid valve four;56, check valve two;57, delivery pump three;58, medicine supplying pipe; 59, rotary electric machine;61, stirring sheet two;62, agitating shaft;63, demarcation plate;65, interstage sleeve two;66, diversion pipe two;66a, deflector hole Two;67, water pump two;68, charge pipe;69, delivery pump two;71, check valve one;72, solenoid valve three;73, stirring sheet one;74, even Connect frame;75, push-rod electric machine four;76, support frame;77, guide rail;78, sliding block;79, elevating lever;81, interstage sleeve one;83, communicating pipe; 84, flow control valve;85, diversion pipe one;85a, deflector hole one;86, water pump one;87, support ring two;88, connecting rod two;89, it moves Movable plate;91, push-rod electric machine seven;92, push-rod electric machine six;93, mounting plate;94, servo motor one;95, appendix one;96, air pump One;97, stop collar;98, rotating turret;99, push-rod electric machine eight;101, air bag one;101a, placing groove;102, connecting rope;103, hand Refer to cylinder four;104, push-rod electric machine five;105, positioning strip;106, guide rod;107, guide sleeve;108, servo motor two;109, rack gear; 111, gear;112, servo motor three;113, column;114, push-rod electric machine nine;115, pressing plate;116, tray;117, it rotates Bar;121, pedestal;122, cylinder two;123, bracket one;124, supporting plate;126, fixed block;127, motor is overturn;128, it polishes Wheel;129, stepper motor one;130, barrier cover;131, Mobile base;132, mounting bar;133, stepper motor two;134, main synchronization Wheel;135, guide rod;136, synchronous belt;137, cylinder three;138, guide block;139, elevation base plate;140, from synchronizing wheel;142, mistake Filter bag;143, sweep-up pipe;144, exhaust fan;145, movable block;146, cylinder one;147, rotation axis;148, bracket two;149, fixed Position frame.
Specific embodiment
The production method of this improved wood, comprise the following steps that a, by timber be 50~60 DEG C in temperature at dry 6~ 10h makes the moisture content 12~16% of timber;In the present embodiment, by timber be 55 DEG C in temperature at dry 8h, make timber Moisture content is 14%;B, timber is sawed into strip according to production requirement, wood surface is polished by burnishing device; C, timber is put into the vacuum tank of dipping systems, vacuumizing protects vacuum degree in vacuum tank in -0.06~-0.1MPa After holding 20~40min, then Wooden modifying liquid injected in vacuum tank, and Wooden modifying liquid is made to flood timber completely, then released Vacuum applies 0.8~1.6MPa air pressure into vacuum tank, and after keeping 1~3h, remaining Wooden modifying liquid is discharged in pressure relief, Take out timber;In the present embodiment, timber is put into the vacuum tank of dipping systems, vacuumizing makes vacuum degree in vacuum tank It is injected in vacuum tank after -0.08MPa, holding 30min, then by Wooden modifying liquid, and Wooden modifying liquid is made to flood timber completely, Then vacuum is released, applies 1.2MPa air pressure into vacuum tank, after keeping 2h, remaining Wooden modifying liquid is discharged in pressure relief, Take out timber;D, timber is air-dried to surface and is remained without obvious water mark, then moved to dry kiln and dried, first with temperature be 60~ 70 DEG C of dry 1~3h, then with temperature be 90~100 DEG C of dry 3~5h, finally with temperature for 130~140 DEG C of dry 1~2h, i.e., Obtain the improved wood that moisture content is 5~8%;In the present embodiment, timber is air-dried to surface and is remained without obvious water mark, then moved Dried to dry kiln, first with temperature be 63 DEG C of dry 2h, then with temperature be 95 DEG C of dry 4h, finally use temperature be 138 DEG C Dry 1h is to get the improved wood for being 6% to moisture content.
Wooden modifying liquid in step c includes following component by weight: 30~50 parts of phosphoric acid, TiO 2 particles 3~6 parts, 8~12 parts of urea, 0.3~0.5 part of catalyst, 1~2 part of nano-tourmaline powder, 3~10 parts of tetrakis hydroxymetyl phosphonium sulfuric, 2~5 parts of aluminium triphosphate, 3~6 parts of magnesium chloride, 2~4 parts of sodium carbonate, 4~6 parts of borax, 0.4~1.2 part of silicone oil, water 40~60 Part;According to the actual situation, can also use this kind of embodiment, the Wooden modifying liquid in step c include by weight as Lower component: 0 part of phosphatase 24,4 parts of TiO 2 particles, 9 parts of urea, 0.4 part of catalyst, 1 part of nano-tourmaline powder, tetra methylol 5 parts of sulfuric acid phosphorus, 4 parts of aluminium triphosphate, 4 parts of magnesium chloride, 3 parts of sodium carbonate, 5 parts of borax, 0.7 part of silicone oil, 50 parts of water.
As shown in Fig. 1-Figure 10, the dipping systems in step c include rack 1, and mounting rack 3, rack 1 are fixed in rack 1 On be fixed with mounting rack 3 by welding;It is fixed with sliding rail 8 in a ring on mounting rack 3, passes through bolt on mounting rack 3 The mode of connection is fixed with sliding rail 8;Several slides 12 are provided on sliding rail 8, the quantity of slide 12 is six;Slide 12 and an energy The driving mechanism for driving it to move back and forth is connected, and push-rod electric machine 1 is fixed on slide 12, is bolted on slide 12 Mode be fixed with push-rod electric machine 1;The push rod of push-rod electric machine 1 straight down, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine 1 and Lifting disk 15 is connected, and the push rod end of push-rod electric machine 1 is connected with lifting disk 15 by bolted connection;Lifting disk 15 On be fixed with decelerating motor 14, be fixed with decelerating motor 14 by bolted connection on lifting disk 15;Decelerating motor 14 Straight down, the output shaft end of decelerating motor 14 is connected with transport tube 20 in a circular table shape for output;The material of transport tube 20 is Stainless steel;There is the positioning mechanism that can position timber on transport tube 20, be also disposed in rack 1 for timber feeding Feeding device, for timber impregnate infuser device and for the blanking device of wood blanking.
Driving mechanism includes gear ring 7, several driving motors 11 and several driving wheels 9, and the quantity of driving motor 11 is six, The quantity of driving wheel 9 is six;Gear ring 7 is fixed on mounting rack 3, and gear ring 7 is fixed on mounting rack 3 by bolted connection On;And gear ring 7 is located at 8 inside of sliding rail, driving motor 11 is fixed on slide 12, and driving motor 11 is by bolted connection It is fixed on slide 12;The output shaft of driving motor 11 is vertically arranged, and driving wheel 9 is fixed on the output shaft end of driving motor 11 Portion, and driving wheel 9 is meshed with gear ring 7.
20 side of transport tube offers several one 20a of through-hole, and the quantity of one 20a of through-hole is 50;20 lower part of transport tube It is fixed with the collecting board 26 being resilient, collecting board 26 is using the existing product that can be bought in the market;It is offered on collecting board 26 The quantity of several two 26a of through-hole, two 26a of through-hole are 30;And the aperture of two 26a of through-hole is less than the aperture of one 20a of through-hole, receives It is connected with delivery pipe 28 in the middle part of collection plate 26, solenoid valve 1 is provided on delivery pipe 28;It is also solid by spring 25 on collecting board 26 Surely there is vibrating motor 24.
Positioning mechanism includes mounting ring 1 and mounting ring 2 23, and mounting ring 1 is fixed on 20 top of transport tube, installation Ring 1 is fixed on 20 top of transport tube by welding;Several driving shafts 18, driving shaft are provided in mounting ring 1 18 quantity is ten;18 upper end of driving shaft with one can drive its rotate rotating electric machine 16 be connected, every driving shaft 18 all with One rotating electric machine 16 is connected;18 lower end of driving shaft is connected with finger cylinder 1, and being fixed in finger cylinder 1 can will be wooden The fixture block one that material one end positions, mounting ring 2 23 are fixed on 20 lower part of transport tube, are provided in mounting ring 2 23 several driven Axis 22, the quantity of driven shaft 22 are ten;22 upper end of driven shaft is connected with finger cylinder 2 21, is fixed in finger cylinder 2 21 It can be by fixture block two that the timber other end positions.
Feeding device includes feeding seat 2, push-rod electric machine 2 30, discharge plate 33, shaft 29 and support ring 1, feeding seat 2 It is fixed in rack 1, feeding seat 2 is fixed on by welding in rack 1;Push-rod electric machine 2 30 is fixed on feeding seat 2, Push-rod electric machine 2 30 is fixed on by bolted connection on feeding seat 2;The push rod of push-rod electric machine 2 30 straight up, push rod The push rod end of motor 2 30 is connected with lifter plate 31, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine 2 30 by bolted connection and rise Plate 31 is dropped to be connected;Shaft 29 is vertically arranged on lifter plate 31, the power motor phase that 29 lower end of shaft can drive it to rotate with one Even, 29 upper end of shaft is connected with discharge plate 33, and 29 upper end of shaft is connected with discharge plate 33 by welding;On discharge plate 33 Offer it is several can make the tilted-putted trough 33a of timber, the quantity of trough 33a is ten;Support ring 1 passes through company Bar 1 is fixed on feeding seat 2, and support ring 1 is located at the surface of discharge plate 33, is fixed in support ring 1 several Push-rod electric machine 3 35, the quantity of push-rod electric machine 3 35 are ten;The push rod end of push-rod electric machine 3 35 is towards support ring 1 The push rod end at center, push-rod electric machine 3 35 is connected with finger cylinder 3 36, and fixation can be by discharge plate 33 in finger cylinder 3 36 On the fixture block three that positions of timber.
Be additionally provided on feeding seat 2 can to discharge plate 33 convey timber feeding machanism, feeding machanism include manipulator 46, Conveyer belt 42, internal dedusting plate 43, collecting bag 39 and the aspiration pump 41 with cavity, conveyer belt 42 are arranged on feeding seat 2, remove Dirt plate 43 is fixed on feeding seat 2 by locating rod 37, and dedusting plate 43 is located at the surface of conveyer belt 42, and dedusting plate 43 with it is defeated Sending has the gap passed through for timber between band 42, offer several dedusting holes being connected with cavity, dedusting on dedusting plate 43 The quantity in hole is 16;And dedusting hole is downward, the cavity of dedusting plate 43 is connected by connecting tube 38 with aspiration pump 41, is collected Bag 39 is arranged in connecting tube 38, and 46 one end of manipulator is fixed on feeding seat 2, and being fixed on 46 other end of manipulator can will be wooden The clamping jaw 47 that material is clamped, clamping jaw 47 is using the existing product that can be bought in the market;Guide plate 44 is further fixed on conveyer belt 42; Also there are several idler wheels 45, the quantity of idler wheel 45 is 12 on guide plate 44.
Infuser device includes impregnating seat 5 and vacuum tank 48, and vacuum tank 48, which is fixed on, to be impregnated on seat 5,48 top of vacuum tank tool There is pick-and-place mouth, picks and places and be provided with sealing ring at mouth, and sealing ring can lean with lifting disk 15, also there is vacuum on vacuum tank 48 Mechanism and pressing mechanism, vacuum mechanism and pressing mechanism are using the prior art;48 lower part of vacuum tank passes through 49 He of grug transportation tube Liquid medicine case 53 is connected, and delivery pump 1 and solenoid valve 2 51 is provided on grug transportation tube 49, being additionally provided on immersion seat 5 can be to medicine The chemical supply machine structure of the conveying liquid medicine of water tank 53.
Chemical supply machine structure includes compounding bin 54 and communicating pipe 83, and compounding bin 54, which is fixed on, to be impregnated on seat 5, and compounding bin 54 passes through weldering The mode connect, which is fixed on, impregnates on seat 5;54 top of compounding bin has feed opening, is connected with charge pipe 68, charge pipe at feed opening Delivery pump 2 69, check valve 1 and solenoid valve 3 72 are provided on 68, the lower box part that makes up a prescription passes through medicine supplying pipe 58 and liquid medicine case 53 Top is connected, and delivery pump 3 57, check valve 2 56 and solenoid valve 4 55 are provided on medicine supplying pipe 58, is set vertically in compounding bin 54 It is equipped with several diversion pipes 1 and several diversion pipes 2 66, the quantity of diversion pipe 1 is eight, and the quantity of diversion pipe 2 66 is Eight;Diversion pipe 1 and the distribution of the equal circular array of diversion pipe 2 66, and diversion pipe 1 is located at 2 66 outside of diversion pipe, leads The upper end of flow tube 1 is closed end, and the lower end of diversion pipe 1 is connected with water pump 1, and the quantity of water pump 1 is eight;It leads Several one 85a of deflector hole are offered in flow tube 1, one 85a of deflector hole is 18;And one 85a of deflector hole twist divides The lower end of cloth, diversion pipe 2 66 is closed end, and the upper end of diversion pipe 2 66 is connected with water pump 2 67, and the quantity of water pump 2 67 is eight It is a;Several two 66a of deflector hole are offered on diversion pipe 2 66, discharge orifice two is 18;And two 66a of deflector hole twist divides Demarcation plate 63 is also arranged on cloth, diversion pipe 1 and diversion pipe 2 66, demarcation plate 63 will be separated into epicoele inside compounding bin 54 Body and lower chamber, demarcation plate 63 with one can drive thereon the lower lifting structure gone up and down be connected, communicating pipe 83 upper end and Scatula on Portion is connected, and communicating pipe, 83 lower end was connected with 54 lower part of compounding bin;Flow control valve 84 is additionally provided on communicating pipe 83.
Lifting structure includes push-rod electric machine 4 75, guide rail 77, sliding block 78, support frame 76 and elevating lever 79, and support frame 76 is solid It is scheduled on and impregnates on seat 5, support frame 76 is fixed on by welding to be impregnated on seat 5;Guide rail 77 is fixed on support frame 76 vertically On, guide rail 77 is fixed on by bolted connection on support frame 76;Sliding block 78 is arranged on guide rail 77, push-rod electric machine 4 75 It is fixed on support frame 76, push-rod electric machine 4 75 is fixed on by bolted connection on support frame 76;Push-rod electric machine 4 75 Push rod straight down, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine 4 75 is connected with sliding block 78,79 upper end of elevating lever pass through compounding bin 54 with Sliding block 78 is connected, and 79 lower end of elevating lever is connected by connection frame 74 with demarcation plate 63.
Agitating shaft 62 is also vertically arranged on demarcation plate 63,62 upper end of agitating shaft is located in upper cavity, 62 upper end of agitating shaft It is connected with stirring sheet 1,62 lower end of agitating shaft is located in lower chamber, and 62 lower end of agitating shaft is connected with stirring sheet 2 61, agitating shaft The rotary electric machine 59 that 62 lower ends can also drive it to rotate with one is connected.
Interstage sleeve 1 is fixed with by connecting rod one on demarcation plate 63, and interstage sleeve 1 is slidably arranged on diversion pipe 1 And one 85a of deflector hole can be sheltered from;Interstage sleeve 2 65 is fixed with by connecting rod two on demarcation plate 63, and the sliding of interstage sleeve 2 65 is set It sets on diversion pipe 2 66 and two 66a of deflector hole can be sheltered from.
Blanking device includes blanking seat 6, support ring 2 87, flexible stop collar 97, one 101 and of air bag annular in shape Movable plate 89, blanking seat 6 are fixed in rack 1, and blanking seat 6 is fixed on by welding in rack 1;Support ring 2 87 is logical It crosses connecting rod 2 88 to be fixed on blanking seat 6, several push-rod electric machines 5 104 is fixed in support ring 2 87, push-rod electric machine 5 104 Quantity is ten;The push rod end of push-rod electric machine 5 104 is towards the center of support ring 2 87, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine 5 104 Portion is connected with finger cylinder 4 103, the fixture block four that fixation can have the timber on transport tube 20 to position in finger cylinder 4 103, Movable plate 89 is arranged on blanking seat 6, and the mobile mechanism that movable plate 89 can drive it to move back and forth with one is connected, on movable plate 89 It is fixed with push-rod electric machine 6 92, is fixed with push-rod electric machine 6 92 by bolted connection on movable plate 89;Push-rod electric machine six Straight up, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine 6 92 is connected 92 push rod with mounting plate 93, and servo electricity is fixed on mounting plate 93 Machine 1 is fixed with servo motor 1 on mounting plate 93 by bolted connection;The output shaft water of servo motor 1 Flat setting, the output shaft end of servo motor 1 are connected with rotating turret 98, and stop collar 97 is arranged on rotating turret 98, stop collar 97 sides are connected with the push-rod electric machine 7 91 that one can drive it to move back and forth, and 97 other side of stop collar can drive it to move back with one Dynamic push-rod electric machine 8 99 is connected, and air bag 1 is set in stop collar 97, and air bag 1 passes through connecting rope 102 and limit Ring 97 is connected, and with several for placing the placing groove 101a of timber on air bag 1, the quantity of placing groove 101a is ten; Air bag 1 is connected by appendix 1 with air pump 1, and being additionally provided on rotating turret 98 can will be in placing groove 101a The location structure that timber positions.
Location structure includes several in block-like air bag two, and the quantity of air bag two is ten;Air bag two is fixed on placing groove On the inner wall of 101a, air bag two is connected to by appendix two with air pump two-phase.
Moving structure includes positioning strip 105, gear 111, rack gear 109, servo motor 2 108, guide rod 106 and guide sleeve 107, Positioning strip 105 is horizontally fixed on blanking seat 6, and positioning strip 105 is fixed on by welding on blanking seat 6;106 water of guide rod Flat to be fixed on positioning strip 105, guide rod 106 is fixed on by bolted connection on positioning strip 105;The setting of guide sleeve 107 exists On guide rod 106, rack gear 109 is horizontally fixed on positioning strip 105, and rack gear 109 is fixed on positioning strip by bolted connection On 105;And rack gear 109 is parallel to each other with guide rod 106, servo motor 2 108 is fixed on guide sleeve 107, and servo motor 2 108 is logical Bolted mode is crossed to be fixed on guide sleeve 107;The output shaft of servo motor 2 108 is horizontally disposed, and gear 111, which is fixed on, to be watched The output shaft end of motor 2 108 is taken, and gear 111 is meshed with rack gear 109, movable plate 89 is fixed on guide sleeve 107.
Stacking mechanism is additionally provided on blanking seat 6, stacking mechanism includes tray 116, pressing plate 115, swingle 117 and pushes away Bar motor 9 114, swingle 117 are vertically arranged on blanking seat 6, the servo that 117 lower end of swingle can drive it to rotate with one Motor 3 112 be connected, 117 upper end of swingle is connected with tray 116,117 upper end of swingle by welding and store Disk 116 is connected;Column 113 is fixed on blanking seat 6, and column 113 is fixed on by welding on blanking seat 6;Push rod electricity Machine 9 114 is fixed on column 113, and push-rod electric machine 9 114 is fixed on by bolted connection on column 113;Push rod electricity Straight down, the push rod end of push-rod electric machine 9 114 is connected the push rod of machine 9 114 with pressing plate 115, and pressing plate 115 can be with storage Disk 116 leans.
The working principle of dipping systems is as follows: the output shaft of control driving motor 11 drives driving wheel 9 to rotate, driving wheel 9 Gradually being meshed with gear ring 7 moves back and forth slide 12 along sliding rail 8, and slide 12 drives transport tube 20 to move back and forth, and control pushes away The push rod of bar motor 1 drives lifting disk 15 to move up and down, and lifting disk 15 drives transport tube 20 to move up and down, and makes transport tube 20 Positioned at required position;The output shaft for controlling power motor drives shaft 29 to rotate, and shaft 29 drives discharge plate 33 to rotate;By timber It is put on conveyer belt 42 one by one, control manipulator 46 acts, and after clamping jaw 47 clamps the timber on conveyer belt 42, is put into blowing In the trough 33a of disk 33;After piling, the push rod of control push-rod electric machine 2 30 drives lifter plate 31 to move up, lifter plate 31 Discharge plate 33 is driven to move up;The push rod for controlling push-rod electric machine 3 35 stretches out, and the push rod of push-rod electric machine 3 35 drives finger gas Cylinder 3 36 is mobile, and fixture block three positions the timber on discharge plate 33;The push rod of control push-rod electric machine 2 30, which moves down, to be made to put Charging tray 33 resets;Transport tube 20 is set to be located at the surface of support ring 1, the push rod of control push-rod electric machine 1 drives lifting disk 15 move down, and lifting disk 15 drives transport tube 20 to move down, and are located at transport tube 20 in support ring 1;Control push rod electricity The push rod of machine 3 35 continues to stretch out, and the push rod of push-rod electric machine 3 35 drives finger cylinder 3 36 to continue to move to, and fixture block three is by timber It is transported at transport tube 20;It controls finger cylinder 1 and finger cylinder 2 21 acts, fixture block one positions timber one end, presss from both sides Block two positions the timber other end, and timber is located on transport tube 20, meanwhile, control finger cylinder 3 36 is unclamped;Make defeated The push rod of the surface for sending cylinder 20 to be located at vacuum tank 48, control push-rod electric machine 1 drives lifting disk 15 to move down, lifting disk 15 drive transport tubes 20 move down, and are located at transport tube 20 in vacuum tank 48;Delivery pump 1 is opened, it will by grug transportation tube 49 The liquid medicine of liquid medicine case 53 is transported in vacuum tank 48, impregnates liquid medicine to the timber on transport tube 20;Transport tube 20 is set to be located at support The push rod of the surface of ring 2 87, control push-rod electric machine 1 drives lifting disk 15 to move down, and lifting disk 15 drives transport tube 20 move down, and are located at transport tube 20 in support ring 2 87;The push rod for controlling push-rod electric machine 5 104 stretches out, push-rod electric machine five 104 push rod drives finger cylinder 4 103 mobile, and fixture block four positions the timber on transport tube 20, meanwhile, control finger gas Cylinder 1 and finger cylinder 2 21 are unclamped;Control push-rod electric machine 5 104 pusher retracted, meanwhile, control push-rod electric machine 1 to Upper movement;The output shaft driven gear 111 for controlling servo motor 2 108 rotates, gear 111 with rack gear 109 is progressively engaged makes to lead Set 107 moves back and forth along guide rod 106, and guide sleeve 107 drives movable plate 89 to move back and forth, and stop collar 97 is made to be located at support ring 2 87 Surface, the push rod of control push-rod electric machine 6 92 drives mounting plate 93 to move down, and mounting plate 93 drives rotating turret 98 downward Mobile, rotating turret 98 drives stop collar 97 to move down, and stop collar 97 drives air bag 1 to move down, and makes on fixture block four Timber is nested into corresponding placing groove 101a;Air pump two is opened, ambient atmos are transported in air bag two by appendix two, Timber is positioned, control finger cylinder 4 103 is unclamped;The output shaft for controlling servo motor 1 drives rotating turret 98 to rotate, Rotating turret 98 drives stop collar 97 to rotate, and stop collar 97 drives air bag 1 to rotate, and puts the timber level on air bag 1 It sets;The push rod retraction of push-rod electric machine 7 91 is controlled, the push rod of push-rod electric machine 7 91 drives 97 side of stop collar to be displaced outwardly, together When, the push rod retraction of control push-rod electric machine 8 99, the push rod of push-rod electric machine 8 99 drives 97 other side of stop collar to be displaced outwardly, makes The structure of the formation "-" type of air bag 1;The push rod band dynamic pressure plate 115 for controlling push-rod electric machine 9 114 moves down, pressing plate 115 Timber at air bag 1 is pushed down, air pump two is opened, gas is discharged to from air bag two by the external world by appendix two, by gas Capsule 1 and wood seperation;The output shaft for controlling servo motor 3 112 drives swingle 117 to rotate, and the drive of swingle 117 is deposited 116 rotation of sale at reduced prices, makes tray 116 rotate 90 degree, repeats the above steps, and the timber of adjacent two layers is staggeredly stacked.
As shown in figure 11, the burnishing device in step b includes pedestal 121, be provided on pedestal 121 turn-over positioning mechanism and Polishing mechanism, turn-over positioning mechanism include bracket 1, bracket 2 148, rotation axis 147, overturning motor 127, movable block 145, Fixed block 126, cylinder 1, cylinder 2 122 and supporting plate 124, bracket 1 are fixed on 121 one end of pedestal, and bracket 1 is logical The mode for crossing welding is fixed on 121 one end of pedestal, and overturning motor 127 is fixed on bracket 1, overturns the output of motor 127 Axis is horizontally disposed, and the output shaft end of overturning motor 127 is connected with fixed block 126, and having on fixed block 126 can be by timber one end The locating slot one positioned, locating slot one are square aperture, and bracket 2 148 is fixed on 121 other end of pedestal, and bracket 2 148 is logical The mode for crossing welding is fixed on 121 other end of pedestal, and 147 one end of rotation axis is arranged on bracket 2 148, and rotation axis 147 is another End is connected with cylinder 1, and the piston rod of cylinder 1 is horizontally disposed, the piston rod end of cylinder 1 and movable block 145 It is connected, having on movable block 145 can be square aperture, cylinder two by the locating slot two that the timber other end positions, locating slot two 122 are fixed on pedestal 121, and straight up, supporting plate 124 is fixed on the tailpiece of the piston rod of cylinder 2 122 to the piston rod of cylinder 2 122 Portion has the limiting slot that can limit timber on supporting plate 124, and limiting slot is square three-way groove, fixed block 126 and movable block 145 Material be polyurethane.
Polishing mechanism includes locating rack 149, cylinder 3 137, elevation base plate 139, Mobile base 131, polishing wheel 128 and stepping Motor 1, locating rack 149 are fixed on pedestal 121, and locating rack 149 is fixed on by welding on pedestal 121, gas Cylinder 3 137 is fixed on locating rack 149, the piston rod of cylinder 3 137 straight down, the piston rod end of cylinder 3 137 and liter Drop substrate 139 be connected, Mobile base 131 be arranged in elevation base plate 139, Mobile base 131 and one it can be driven to move back and forth drive Dynamic structure is connected, and stepper motor 1 is fixed on Mobile base 131, and the output shaft of stepper motor 1 is horizontally disposed, polishing Wheel 128 is fixed on the output shaft end of stepper motor 1, and polishing wheel 128 is located at the surface of supporting plate 124.
Driving structure include mounting bar 132, guide rod 135, guide block 138, stepper motor 2 133, main synchronizing wheel 134, from Synchronizing wheel 140 and synchronous belt 136, mounting bar 132 are fixed in elevation base plate 139, and guide rod 135 is horizontally fixed on mounting bar On 132, guide block 138 is arranged on guide rod 135, and main synchronizing wheel 134 is arranged by connecting shaft one in 132 one end of mounting bar, connecting shaft One end is connected with stepper motor 2 133, is arranged from synchronizing wheel 140 by connecting shaft two in 132 other end of mounting bar, synchronous belt 136 are set in main synchronizing wheel 134 with outside synchronizing wheel 140, and Mobile base 131 is connected with guide block 138.
It is further fixed on barrier cover 130 on Mobile base 131, offers observation panel on barrier cover 130, is provided at observation panel Bright organic plates obstruct the opening down of cover 130, and barrier 130 tops of cover are connected by sweep-up pipe 143 with exhaust fan 144, dust suction Filter bag 142 is provided on pipe 143.
The working principle of burnishing device is as follows: positioning one end of timber by fixed block 126, controls cylinder 1 Piston rod drive movable block 145 close to fixed block 126, the other end of timber is positioned by movable block 145, control cylinder 2 122 piston rod drives supporting plate 124 to move upwards, and supporting plate 124 limits the bottom of timber, controls stepper motor 1 Output shaft drive polishing wheel 128 rotate, control cylinder 3 137 piston rod drive elevation base plate 139 move down, go up and down base Plate 139 drives Mobile base 131 to move down, and contacts the polishing wheel operated 128 with wood surface, controls stepper motor two 133 output shaft drives main synchronizing wheel 134 to rotate, and main synchronizing wheel 134 drives synchronous belt 136 to rotate, and synchronous belt 136 drives guide block 138 move back and forth, and guide block 138 drives Mobile base 131 to move back and forth, and Mobile base 131 drives polishing wheel 128 to move back and forth, to wood The surface of material is polished;After the completion of polishing, the output shaft of control overturning motor 127 drives fixed block 126 to rotate, and turns over timber Face repeats above-mentioned movement, four faces of timber is polished.
In the present embodiment, timber is rectangular parallelepiped structure, and section is square;Liquid medicine is Wooden modifying liquid.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of production method of improved wood, which is characterized in that comprise the following steps that a, by timber temperature be 50~60 DEG C 6~10h of lower drying makes the moisture content 12~16% of timber;B, timber is sawed into strip according to production requirement, passes through throwing Electro-optical device polishes wood surface;Burnishing device in the step b includes pedestal, and it is fixed that turn-over is provided on the pedestal Position mechanism and polishing mechanism, turn-over positioning mechanism include bracket one, bracket two, rotation axis, overturning motor, movable block, fixed block, Cylinder one, cylinder two and supporting plate, bracket one are fixed on pedestal one end, and overturning motor is fixed on bracket one, overturn the defeated of motor Shaft is horizontally disposed, and the output shaft end for overturning motor is connected with fixed block, and timber one end can be positioned by having on fixed block Locating slot one, bracket two is fixed on the pedestal other end, and rotation axis one end is arranged on bracket two, the rotation axis other end and cylinder One is connected, and the piston rod of cylinder one is horizontally disposed, and the piston rod end of cylinder one is connected with movable block, and having on movable block can incite somebody to action The locating slot two that the timber other end positions, cylinder two are fixed on the base, and the piston rod of cylinder two straight up, fix by supporting plate In the piston rod end of cylinder two, there is the limiting slot that can limit timber on supporting plate;The polishing mechanism include locating rack, Cylinder three, elevation base plate, Mobile base, polishing wheel and stepper motor one, locating rack is fixed on the base, and cylinder three is fixed on positioning On frame, straight down, the piston rod end of cylinder three is connected the piston rod of cylinder three with elevation base plate, and Mobile base setting is being gone up and down On substrate, the driving structure that Mobile base can drive it to move back and forth with one is connected, and stepper motor one is fixed on Mobile base, stepping The output shaft of motor one is horizontally disposed, and polishing wheel is fixed on the output shaft end of stepper motor one, and polishing wheel is located at supporting plate Surface;C, timber is put into the vacuum tank of dipping systems, vacuumize make in vacuum tank vacuum degree -0.06~- 0.1MPa after keeping 20~40min, then Wooden modifying liquid is injected in vacuum tank, and Wooden modifying liquid is made to flood timber completely, Then vacuum is released, applies 0.8~1.6MPa air pressure into vacuum tank, after keeping 1~3h, remaining wood is discharged in pressure relief Material modification liquid takes out timber;Wooden modifying liquid in the step c includes following component by weight: phosphoric acid 30~50 Part, 3~6 parts of TiO 2 particles, 8~12 parts of urea, 0.3~0.5 part of catalyst, 1~2 part of nano-tourmaline powder, four hydroxyl first 3~10 parts of base sulfuric acid phosphorus, 2~5 parts of aluminium triphosphate, 3~6 parts of magnesium chloride, 2~4 parts of sodium carbonate, 4~6 parts of borax, silicone oil 0.4 ~1.2 parts, 40~60 parts of water;D, timber is air-dried to surface and is remained without obvious water mark, then moved to dry kiln and dried, first used Temperature be 60~70 DEG C of dry 1~3h, then with temperature be 90~100 DEG C of dry 3~5h, finally use temperature for 130~140 DEG C do Dry 1~2h is to get the improved wood for being 5~8% to moisture content.
2. the production method of improved wood according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the driving structure includes installation Item, guide rod, guide block, stepper motor two, main synchronizing wheel, from synchronizing wheel and synchronous belt, mounting bar is fixed in elevation base plate, is led It being horizontally fixed on mounting bar to bar, guide block is arranged on the guide bar, and main synchronizing wheel is arranged by connecting shaft one in mounting bar one end, The end of connecting shaft one is connected with stepper motor two, is arranged from synchronizing wheel by connecting shaft two in the mounting bar other end, synchronous belt is arranged In main synchronizing wheel with outside synchronizing wheel, Mobile base is connected with guide block.
3. the production method of improved wood according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the material of the fixed block and movable block Material is polyurethane.
4. the production method of improved wood according to claim 1, which is characterized in that be further fixed on resistance on the Mobile base Every cover, the opening down of cover is obstructed, barrier cover top is connected by sweep-up pipe with exhaust fan, and filter bag is provided on sweep-up pipe.
5. the production method of improved wood according to claim 4, which is characterized in that offer observation on the barrier cover Mouthful, transparent organic plates are provided at observation panel.
CN201710816749.7A 2017-09-12 2017-09-12 A kind of production method of improved wood CN107571359B (en)

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CN109228087A (en) * 2018-11-21 2019-01-18 钱盛 A kind of production method and device of high molecular polythene plastic gloves
CN109655326A (en) * 2018-11-27 2019-04-19 中国科学院合肥物质科学研究院 A kind of soil extract method
CN110065116A (en) * 2019-05-22 2019-07-30 磐安西昂电子有限公司 A kind of flexible gardens anticorrosive wood preparation system
CN111331488A (en) * 2020-03-25 2020-06-26 耿荣 Steel pipe recycling device

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CN104859011A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-08-26 王玉燕 Nano alumina-containing modified wood production method
CN104858949A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-08-26 王玉燕 Titanium dioxide/wood composite material making method

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JPH0373304A (en) * 1989-05-09 1991-03-28 Ain:Kk Lumber having deodorizing property, antibacterial property, far infrared rays radiative property and antistatic effect
CN103722600A (en) * 2013-12-20 2014-04-16 北京林业大学 Timber modifier and preparation method thereof
CN104859010A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-08-26 王玉燕 Nano titanium dioxide modified wood production method
CN104859011A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-08-26 王玉燕 Nano alumina-containing modified wood production method
CN104858949A (en) * 2014-12-25 2015-08-26 王玉燕 Titanium dioxide/wood composite material making method

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