CN107568317B - Clamping device - Google Patents

Clamping device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107568317B
CN107568317B CN201711046812.XA CN201711046812A CN107568317B CN 107568317 B CN107568317 B CN 107568317B CN 201711046812 A CN201711046812 A CN 201711046812A CN 107568317 B CN107568317 B CN 107568317B
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China
Prior art keywords
clamping
rotating
control rod
plate
rotating plate
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CN201711046812.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107568317A (en
Inventor
郑雄胜
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Zhejiang Ocean University ZJOU
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Priority to CN201711046812.XA priority Critical patent/CN107568317B/en
Publication of CN107568317A publication Critical patent/CN107568317A/en
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Publication of CN107568317B publication Critical patent/CN107568317B/en
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Abstract

The invention provides a clamping device, and belongs to the technical field of clamping of fishes for ships. The clamping device comprises a base, wherein a supporting plate is arranged on the base, a rotating plate is arranged on the supporting plate, a clamping mechanism and a rotating mechanism are further arranged on the rotating plate, the rotating mechanism is connected with the clamping mechanism, and when the rotating plate rotates, the rotating mechanism fixed on the rotating plate is driven to act, so that the clamping mechanism connected with the rotating mechanism is driven to act. The fish cargo clamping device is provided with the clamping mechanism and the rotating mechanism, the clamping mechanism can be acted by the rotating mechanism to clamp and fix fish cargo, the fish cargo clamping device is convenient and labor-saving, is suitable for operation on ships, is simple in clamping and releasing mode, is convenient to unload, is convenient for workers to operate, and greatly improves the working efficiency.

Description

Clamping device
Technical Field
The invention relates to a clamping device, and belongs to the technical field of fish clamping for ships.
Background
The fish resource is abundant in our country, it is often huge to catch output at every turn, in order to reduce the storage cost of fishing boat itself, need process the fish of catching on the fishing boat, but because boats and ships are often in the state of rocking on the sea, the processing transportation of fish goods of not using, and fish goods weight is heavier, fix through the manual work, relatively consume physical power, and traditional mode has the requirement to people's position, consequently, need a clamping device that can effectively make things convenient for fixed fish goods.
Disclosure of Invention
In view of the above disadvantages of the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a clamping device, which is provided with a clamping mechanism and a rotating mechanism, and can clamp and fix fish and cargo by using the rotating mechanism to act on the clamping mechanism, so that the clamping device is convenient and labor-saving, is suitable for operations on ships, has a simple clamping and releasing manner, is convenient for unloading, is convenient for workers to operate, and greatly improves the working efficiency.
In order to achieve the purpose, the invention provides a clamping device which comprises a base, wherein a supporting plate is fixedly arranged on the base, a rotating plate is arranged on the supporting plate, a clamping mechanism and a rotating mechanism are also arranged on the rotating plate, the rotating mechanism is connected with the clamping mechanism, and when the rotating plate rotates, the rotating mechanism fixed on the rotating plate is driven to act, so that the clamping mechanism connected with the rotating mechanism is driven to act.
Furthermore, the clamping mechanism comprises a control rod and a clamping block, the control rod is connected with the clamping block, and the clamping block is driven to swing through the action of the control rod.
Furthermore, the clamping mechanism further comprises a support frame fixed on the rotating plate, and a short shaft is arranged in the middle of the clamping block and is hinged with the support frame.
Furthermore, one end of the control rod is provided with a groove-shaped notch, and the lower part of the clamping block is arranged in the groove-shaped notch in a penetrating mode and is hinged to the control rod through a hinge.
Furthermore, a first limit stop and a second limit stop are fixedly arranged at two ends of the groove-shaped notch respectively, a handle is arranged at the other end of the control rod, a supporting block is fixedly arranged on the rotating plate, and the control rod penetrates through the supporting block in a sliding mode.
Furthermore, a fixed seat is fixedly arranged on the rotating plate, and a return spring is arranged between the fixed seat and the second limit stop.
Furthermore, a vertical shaft is fixedly arranged on the supporting plate, and the rotating plate is rotatably sleeved on the vertical shaft.
Further, the rotating mechanism comprises a gear fixedly arranged on the vertical shaft and a rack fixedly arranged on the control rod, and the gear is meshed with the rack.
Furthermore, a boss is fixed on the supporting plate, a groove is formed in the middle of the boss, and the vertical shaft is fixedly inserted in the groove.
Further, a roller is arranged below the rotating plate, and the roller is located on the supporting plate and is in contact with the supporting plate.
As described above, the ship fish processing and conveying device according to the present invention has the following advantages:
set up rotary mechanism on traditional conveyer belt and driven fixture to it is fixed to carry out the centre gripping to fish goods, original manual fixed has been cancelled, the manpower has been saved, simultaneously can be at any position operation rotary mechanism, it is little to adapt to boats and ships space, the straight line direction power of controlling the handle originally through rotary mechanism turns into the revolving force, the artifical hard condition has been reduced, fatigue has been alleviateed, the operation on the suitable boats and ships, and centre gripping release mode is simple, make things convenient for workman's operation, conveying efficiency and work efficiency have been improved greatly.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of the overall structure of the clamping device in the present application.
Fig. 2 is a schematic structural diagram of a clamping mechanism in the present application.
Fig. 3 is a schematic structural diagram of a rotating mechanism in the present application.
Description of the element reference numerals
1. A base; 2. a support plate; 3. a rotating plate; 4. a clamping mechanism; 5. a rotation mechanism; 51. a gear; 52. a rack; 6. a control lever; 7. a clamping block; 8. a support frame; 9. a minor axis; 10. a groove-shaped notch; 11. a first limit stop; 12. a second limit stop; 13. a handle; 14. a support block; 15. a fixed seat; 16. a return spring; 17. a vertical axis; 18. a boss; 19. a groove; 20. a roller; 21. fish goods; 22. a mounting seat;
Detailed Description
The following description of the embodiments of the present invention is provided for illustrative purposes, and other advantages and effects of the present invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the present disclosure.
It should be understood that the structures, proportions, and dimensions shown in the drawings and described herein are for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, which is defined by the claims, but rather by the claims. In addition, the terms such as "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "middle" and "one" used in the present specification are for convenience of description only and are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention, and changes or modifications of the relative relationship thereof may be made without substantial technical changes and modifications.
The application provides a clamping device, especially one kind can adapt to boats and ships and rock under marine environment, can keep the firm and laborsaving clamping device of fish goods. As shown in fig. 1, the device comprises a base 1, a supporting plate 2 and a rotating plate 3, wherein a mounting seat 22 is fixedly arranged on the base 1, a threaded hole is formed in the supporting plate 2, the supporting plate 2 is fixed on the mounting seat 22 through a screw, a boss 18 is fixed in the middle of the supporting plate 2, the boss 18 and the supporting plate 2 can be integrally formed or fixed through a screw, a circular groove 19 is formed in the boss 18, a vertical shaft 17 is fixed in the circular groove 19, the rotating plate 3 is sleeved on the vertical shaft 17 and can rotate around the vertical shaft 17, a roller 20 is arranged below the rotating plate 3, the roller 20 is in contact with the supporting plate 2, the rotation of the rotating plate 3 is facilitated through the arrangement of the roller 20, a clamping mechanism 4 is arranged on the rotating plate 3, and the clamping or releasing of the clamping mechanism 4 is realized, thereby clamping or releasing the fish 21.
As shown in fig. 2, the clamping mechanism 4 includes a clamping block 7, a control rod 6 and a support frame 8 fixed on the rotating plate 3, of course, the support frame 8 may also be integrally formed with the rotating plate 3, a pin hole is opened in the middle of the clamping block 7, a short shaft 9 is installed in the pin hole, two ends of the short shaft 9 are fixed on the support frame 8 to form an axial hinge structure, a groove-shaped notch 10 is opened at one end of the control rod 6 close to the clamping block 7, the lower portion of the clamping block 7 is inserted in the groove-shaped notch 10, and the two are connected by a hinge. Preferably, the upper part of the clamping block 7 is bent inwards.
The two ends of the groove-shaped notch 10 are respectively provided with a first limit stop 11 and a second limit stop 12, the first limit stop 11 and the second limit stop 12 are fixedly mounted on the control rod 6, and the limit stops are used for limiting the swing amplitude of the clamping block 7 and limiting the control rod 6 at the same time so as to prevent the control rod 6 from being separated from the working platform. The rotating plate 3 is further fixedly provided with a fixed seat 15, a through hole is formed in the fixed seat 15, and the control rod 6 penetrates through the through hole in a sliding mode.
A return spring 16 is arranged between the second limit stop 12 and the fixed seat 15, when the control rod 6 applies acting force to make the clamping block 7 in clamping action, the return spring 16 is in a stretching state, and when the control rod applying force is removed, the clamping block 7 is changed into a releasing state from the clamping state under the action of the return spring 16. Here, the return spring 16 may have one end fixed to the second limit stop 12 and the other end abutting against the fixed seat 15, or may have one end fixed to the fixed seat 15 and the other end abutting against the second limit stop 12, and preferably, the return spring 16 is sleeved on the control rod 6.
The rotating plate 3 is also fixedly provided with a supporting block 14, and the supporting block 14 can be fixed on the rotating plate 3 through screws or can be integrally formed with the rotating plate 3. The control rod 6 is close to the one end of supporting shoe 14 still is provided with handle 13, can drive through pulling handle 13 the motion of control rod 6, control rod 6 slidable wears to establish on supporting shoe 14, still be provided with buckle structure on the supporting shoe 14 simultaneously, when control rod 6 moves left, fixes a position through buckle structure, when continuing to move left, and control rod 6 breaks away from in buckle structure, because this buckle structure is prior art, therefore no longer elaborates on in detail. The number of the holding means 4 is preferably two.
As shown in fig. 3, the rotating mechanism 5 includes a gear 51 and a rack 52 engaged therewith, the middle of the gear 51 is sleeved on the vertical shaft 17 and is fixedly mounted by a screw, and the rack 52 is fixedly mounted on the side surface of the control rod 6 and is matched with the gear 51. When a person controls the rotating plate 3 to rotate anticlockwise, the gear 51 is fixedly installed, so that the gear 51 is driven to start to move, the control rod 6 is driven to move, the control rod 6 drives the clamping block 7 to perform clamping action, clamping of the fish 21 is completed, when the rotating plate 3 rotates clockwise, the gear 51 is matched with the gear 52 to drive the control rod 6 to move, the clamping block 7 is driven to perform releasing action, releasing of the fish 21 is completed, and meanwhile, due to rotation of the rotating plate 3, the fish 21 can be conveniently unloaded to the side face of the base 1 without manual unloading. Through rotating rotor plate 3 drives rotary mechanism 5 motion, and then drives fixture 4 centre gripping, has saved the manpower greatly, has improved work efficiency.
The application relates to a clamping device's theory of operation as follows: when needing the centre gripping, place fish goods on the rotor plate, anticlockwise rotation rotor plate, because gear fixed mounting consequently drives rather than the rack of meshing and begins to remove, and then drives fixture carries out the centre gripping action, and then carries out the centre gripping to fish goods.
When the fish cargo is to be released, the rotating plate rotates clockwise, the clamping mechanism is driven to release under the action of the gear and the rack, the fish cargo is released, and meanwhile due to the rotation of the rotating plate, the fish cargo is rotated to the side face of the base, so that the fish cargo is convenient to unload.
In addition, the handle on the control rod can be moved to perform clamping and releasing actions, when the handle on the control rod is pushed leftwards, the control rod is driven to move leftwards, and when the control rod passes through the buckle structure on the supporting block, the control rod is clamped into the buckle structure to be positioned, so that the lower part of the clamping block hinged with the control rod is driven to swing leftwards, the upper part of the clamping block swings rightwards around the shaft hinge in the middle part at the moment, clamping is performed on fish, and the reset spring is in a stretching state at the moment. When will release, continue to promote the handle and move left to make the control lever break away from buckle structure, the control lever moves right under reset spring's effect this moment, thereby drives and swings right with control lever articulated grip block lower part, drives grip block upper portion and swings left around the axle hinge at middle part, releases fish goods.
In conclusion, the clamping device that this application relates to has set up rotary mechanism on traditional conveyer belt and has driven fixture to carry out the centre gripping to fish goods and fix, original manual fixed has been cancelled, the manpower has been saved, simultaneously can be at any position operation rotary mechanism, it is little to adapt to boats and ships space, the straight line direction power of controlling the handle originally through rotary mechanism turns into the revolving force, the artifical hard circumstances has been reduced, fatigue has been alleviateed, be fit for the operation on the boats and ships, and centre gripping release mode is simple, make things convenient for workman's operation, conveying efficiency and work efficiency have been improved greatly.
The foregoing embodiments are merely illustrative of the principles and utilities of the present invention and are not intended to limit the invention. Any person skilled in the art can modify or change the above-mentioned embodiments without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention. Accordingly, it is intended that all equivalent modifications or changes which can be made by those skilled in the art without departing from the spirit and technical spirit of the present invention be covered by the claims of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. The utility model provides a clamping device, includes base (1) fixed backup pad (2) of being provided with on base (1), be provided with rotor plate (3) on backup pad (2), its characterized in that: the rotating plate (3) is further provided with a clamping mechanism (4) and a rotating mechanism (5), the rotating mechanism (5) is connected with the clamping mechanism (4), and when the rotating plate (3) rotates, the rotating mechanism (5) fixed on the rotating plate (3) is driven to act, so that the clamping mechanism (4) connected with the rotating mechanism (5) is driven to act;
the clamping mechanism (4) comprises a control rod (6) and a clamping block (7), the control rod (6) is connected with the clamping block (7), and the clamping block (7) is driven to swing through the action of the control rod (6);
the clamping mechanism (4) further comprises a support frame (8) fixed on the rotating plate (3), and a short shaft (9) is arranged in the middle of the clamping block (7) and is hinged with the support frame (8);
a groove-shaped notch (10) is formed in one end of the control rod (6), the lower portion of the clamping block (7) penetrates through the groove-shaped notch (10), and the clamping block is hinged to the control rod (6) through a hinge;
a first limit stop (11) and a second limit stop (12) are fixedly arranged at two ends of the groove-shaped notch (10) respectively, a handle (13) is arranged at the other end of the control rod (6), a supporting block (14) is fixedly arranged on the rotating plate (3), and the control rod (6) penetrates through the supporting block (14) in a sliding manner;
a fixed seat (15) is fixedly arranged on the rotating plate (3), and a return spring (16) is arranged between the fixed seat (15) and the second limit stop block (12).
2. The clamping device of claim 1, wherein: vertical shafts (17) are fixedly arranged on the supporting plates (2), and the rotating plates (3) are rotatably sleeved on the vertical shafts (17).
3. The clamping device of claim 2, wherein: the rotating mechanism (5) comprises a gear (51) fixedly arranged on the vertical shaft (17) and a rack (52) fixedly arranged on the control rod (6), and the gear (51) is meshed with the rack (52).
4. A clamping device according to claim 3, characterised in that: a boss (18) is fixed on the support plate (2), a groove (19) is formed in the middle of the boss (18), and the vertical shaft (17) is fixedly inserted into the groove (19).
5. The clamping device of claim 4, wherein: the roller (20) is arranged below the rotating plate (3), and the roller (20) is positioned on the supporting plate (2) and is in contact with the supporting plate (2).
CN201711046812.XA 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 Clamping device Active CN107568317B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711046812.XA CN107568317B (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 Clamping device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201711046812.XA CN107568317B (en) 2017-10-31 2017-10-31 Clamping device

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CN107568317A CN107568317A (en) 2018-01-12
CN107568317B true CN107568317B (en) 2020-04-21

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
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Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08281587A (en) * 1995-04-10 1996-10-29 Yaskawa Electric Corp Hand of robot
CN101213985A (en) * 2007-12-29 2008-07-09 张琳 Fish fixing device
CN102390054A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-03-28 董旭 Clamping location pneumatic gripper
CN104646553A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-05-27 中国科学院自动化研究所北仑科学艺术实验中心 Manipulator structure for work-piece clamping carrying
CN205058063U (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-03-02 东南大学 Machinery tongs device
CN105382834A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-09 太原科技大学 Three-freedom-degree controllable mechanical manipulator
CN105619437A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-06-01 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 Modular two-degree-of-freedom gripper
CN205588302U (en) * 2016-05-14 2016-09-21 黄河科技学院 Lead screw gear driven gripper for robot

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPH08281587A (en) * 1995-04-10 1996-10-29 Yaskawa Electric Corp Hand of robot
CN101213985A (en) * 2007-12-29 2008-07-09 张琳 Fish fixing device
CN102390054A (en) * 2011-09-30 2012-03-28 董旭 Clamping location pneumatic gripper
CN105619437A (en) * 2014-10-31 2016-06-01 中国科学院沈阳自动化研究所 Modular two-degree-of-freedom gripper
CN104646553A (en) * 2014-12-11 2015-05-27 中国科学院自动化研究所北仑科学艺术实验中心 Manipulator structure for work-piece clamping carrying
CN205058063U (en) * 2015-10-14 2016-03-02 东南大学 Machinery tongs device
CN105382834A (en) * 2015-11-30 2016-03-09 太原科技大学 Three-freedom-degree controllable mechanical manipulator
CN205588302U (en) * 2016-05-14 2016-09-21 黄河科技学院 Lead screw gear driven gripper for robot

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