CN107555934A - A kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology - Google Patents

A kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107555934A
CN107555934A CN201710799960.2A CN201710799960A CN107555934A CN 107555934 A CN107555934 A CN 107555934A CN 201710799960 A CN201710799960 A CN 201710799960A CN 107555934 A CN107555934 A CN 107555934A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
kaolin
stirring
added dropwise
construction material
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CN201710799960.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
吕月林
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Wuhu Woods One Electronic Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Wuhu Woods One Electronic Science And Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710799960.2A priority Critical patent/CN107555934A/en
Publication of CN107555934A publication Critical patent/CN107555934A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology, its raw material includes by weight:60 70 parts of cement, 40 50 parts of industrial silt, 30 40 parts of shraff, 10 20 parts of kaolin compound, 30 40 parts of inserts, 6 12 parts of magnesia, 24 parts of aluminum sulfate, 1.5 2.5 parts of sodium phosphate, 15 25 parts of binding agent, 12 parts of water reducer, 60 80 parts of water.Kaolin compound is prepared using following technique:Lauryl sodium sulfate, ammonium acetate, kaolin, water, mannitol are mixed, heated up, stirring, it is added dropwise in stirring n-hexane, tetrachloro silicane, tetraethyl orthosilicate stirring are added after being added dropwise completely, is washed with n-hexane, vacuum freeze drying obtains kaolin compound.

Description

A kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology
Technical field
The present invention relates to three-dimensional printing technology field, more particularly to a kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology.
Background technology
Three-dimensional printing technology is also known as 3D printing technique, is a kind of rapid shaping technique.It is one kind with mathematical model file Based on, pass through the technology by way of successively printing come constructed object material.
In building field, due to the generation of 3D printing technique, construction material is printed as being built into order to quickly build A direction, and most important of which is that construction material.Common buildings material can not be used as 3D printing materials'use, work(at present Can be more single, its easy fracture, heat endurance are poor, and cost is high, is unfavorable for modern architecture demand.
The content of the invention
Based on technical problem existing for background technology, the present invention proposes a kind of Building wood for three-dimensional printing technology Material, not only fillibility is good, makes construction material more closely knit, and thermal stability is extremely excellent, and cost is extremely low, it is more pressure-resistant and Folding, pressure-resistant degree everywhere is homogeneous, is not susceptible to crack or phenomenon of rupture.
A kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology proposed by the present invention, its raw material include by weight:Cement 60- 70 parts, industrial silt 40-50 parts, shraff 30-40 parts, kaolin compound 10-20 parts, inserts 30-40 parts, magnesia 6-12 parts, aluminum sulfate 2-4 parts, sodium phosphate 1.5-2.5 parts, binding agent 15-25 parts, water reducer 1-2 parts, water 60-80 parts.
Preferably, kaolin compound is prepared using following technique:By lauryl sodium sulfate, ammonium acetate, kaolin, Water, mannitol mixing, are heated up, stirring, are added dropwise in stirring n-hexane, and tetrachloro silicane, silicic acid four are added after being added dropwise completely Ethyl ester stirs, and is washed with n-hexane, vacuum freeze drying obtains kaolin compound.
Preferably, kaolin compound is prepared using following technique:By weight by 2-4 parts lauryl sodium sulfate, 2-4 Part ammonium acetate, 30-50 parts kaolin, 30-40 parts water, the mixing of 50-60 parts mannitol, heat up, stirring, are added dropwise to stirring In 250-350 part n-hexanes, addition 2-4 parts tetrachloro silicane, the stirring of 2-4 parts tetraethyl orthosilicate, washing, vacuum are cold after being added dropwise completely Jelly is dried to obtain kaolin compound.
Preferably, kaolin compound is prepared using following technique:By weight by 2-4 parts lauryl sodium sulfate, 2-4 Part ammonium acetate, 30-50 parts kaolin, 30-40 parts water, the mixing of 50-60 parts mannitol, are warming up to 80-90 DEG C, stir 20- 40min, mixing speed 1600-1800rpm, it is added dropwise in stirring 250-350 part n-hexanes, 2- is added after being added dropwise completely 4 parts of tetrachloro silicanes, 2-4 parts tetraethyl orthosilicate stirring 40-60min, are washed, vacuum freeze drying obtains kaolin and answered with n-hexane Compound.
Preferably, inserts includes by weight:White lime 6-12 parts, gangue 4-8 parts, shale 8-16 parts.
Preferably, binding agent includes by weight:Makrolon 2-4 parts, epoxy resin 4-8 parts, sodium metasilicate 10-20 parts.
Material provided by the invention is easily constructed, and realizes printing speed and shaping, and the construction wall after shaping is closely knit, stable Property it is high, pressure-resistant and folding quality is excellent, is not susceptible to crack or phenomenon of rupture;And material is prepared simply, suitable for pushing away extensively Wide application, while solve industrial silt, shraff recovery problem, energy and material is greatlyd save, it is green.
For the present invention using cement, industrial silt, shraff, kaolin compound as aggregate, not only cost is extremely low, and fills out Filling property is good, is matched by adjusting between each component, can ensure it is well mixed in the case of, construction material can be made more closely knit; ,, can sweet dew because the intercalation of interlayer hydrophobic chain under certain condition using ammonium acetate to kaolin intercalation in kaolin compound Alcohol can enter in interlayer structure, and further by interfacial polymerization, Surface coating is carried out using silica, and moisture removal is removed in freezing, Not only heat endurance is good, and excellent in compatibility with curing agent, and sodium metasilicate therein can be wrapped up, and pattern is excellent, chi It is very little homogeneous, the high rigidity feature of silicate is not only remained, and can be molded by kaolin compound, stability significantly carries Height, further coordinate cement effect, after construction material solidification, overall more closely knit, thermal stability is extremely excellent, without to slurry Material, which applies excessive pressure, can make sizing material forming;Sodium metasilicate further coordinates with makrolon, epoxy resin, can effectively strengthen Adhesive property, the mechanical property of construction material is effectively improved, make it more pressure-resistant and folding, pressure-resistant degree everywhere is homogeneous, no Crack or phenomenon of rupture easily occurs.
Embodiment
Below, technical scheme is described in detail by specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
A kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology, its raw material include by weight:60 parts of cement, industrial silt 50 Part, 30 parts of shraff, 20 parts of kaolin compound, 30 parts of inserts, 12 parts of magnesia, 2 parts of aluminum sulfate, 2.5 parts of sodium phosphate, 15 parts of binding agent, 2 parts of water reducer, 60 parts of water.
Embodiment 2
A kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology, its raw material include by weight:70 parts of cement, industrial silt 40 Part, 40 parts of shraff, 10 parts of kaolin compound, 40 parts of inserts, 6 parts of magnesia, 4 parts of aluminum sulfate, 1.5 parts of sodium phosphate, 25 parts of binding agent, 1 part of water reducer, 80 parts of water.
Kaolin compound is prepared using following technique:By lauryl sodium sulfate, ammonium acetate, kaolin, water, mannitol Mixing, heat up, stirring, be added dropwise in stirring n-hexane, tetrachloro silicane, tetraethyl orthosilicate stirring are added after being added dropwise completely, Washed with n-hexane, vacuum freeze drying obtains kaolin compound.
Embodiment 3
A kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology, its raw material include by weight:62 parts of cement, industrial silt 48 Part, 33 parts of shraff, 18 parts of kaolin compound, 32 parts of inserts, 10 parts of magnesia, 2.5 parts of aluminum sulfate, sodium phosphate 2.2 Part, 18 parts of binding agent, 1.8 parts of water reducer, 65 parts of water.
Inserts includes by weight:6 parts of white lime, 8 parts of gangue, 8 parts of shale.Binding agent includes by weight:It is poly- 4 parts of carbonic ester, 4 parts of epoxy resin, 20 parts of sodium metasilicate.Kaolin compound is prepared using following technique:By weight by 3 part ten Sodium dialkyl sulfate, 3 parts of ammonium acetates, 40 parts of kaolin, 35 parts of water, 55 parts of mannitol mixing, heat up, stirring, are added dropwise to stirring In 300 parts of n-hexanes of state, 3 parts of tetrachloro silicanes, 3 parts of tetraethyl orthosilicate stirrings, washing are added after being added dropwise completely, vacuum refrigeration is done It is dry to obtain kaolin compound.
Embodiment 4
A kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology, its raw material include by weight:68 parts of cement, industrial silt 42 Part, 37 parts of shraff, 12 parts of kaolin compound, 38 parts of inserts, 8 parts of magnesia, 3.5 parts of aluminum sulfate, sodium phosphate 1.8 Part, 22 parts of binding agent, 1.2 parts of water reducer, 75 parts of water.
Inserts includes by weight:12 parts of white lime, 4 parts of gangue, 16 parts of shale.Binding agent includes by weight: 2 parts of makrolon, 8 parts of epoxy resin, 10 parts of sodium metasilicate.Kaolin compound is prepared using following technique:By weight by 2 parts Lauryl sodium sulfate, 4 parts of ammonium acetates, 30 parts of kaolin, 40 parts of water, 50 parts of mannitol mixing, are warming up to 80 DEG C, stirring 40min, mixing speed 1600rpm, it is added dropwise in 350 parts of n-hexanes of stirring, 2 parts of tetrachloro silicon is added after being added dropwise completely Alkane, 4 parts of tetraethyl orthosilicate stirring 40min, are washed, vacuum freeze drying obtains kaolin compound with n-hexane.
Embodiment 5
A kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology, its raw material include by weight:65 parts of cement, industrial silt 45 Part, 35 parts of shraff, 15 parts of kaolin compound, 35 parts of inserts, 9 parts of magnesia, 3 parts of aluminum sulfate, 2 parts of sodium phosphate, glue Tie 20 parts of agent, 1.5 parts of water reducer, 70 parts of water.
Inserts includes by weight:9 parts of white lime, 6 parts of gangue, 12 parts of shale.Binding agent includes by weight:It is poly- 3 parts of carbonic ester, 6 parts of epoxy resin, 15 parts of sodium metasilicate.Kaolin compound is prepared using following technique:By weight by 4 part ten Sodium dialkyl sulfate, 2 parts of ammonium acetates, 50 parts of kaolin, 30 parts of water, 60 parts of mannitol mixing, are warming up to 90 DEG C, stir 20min, Mixing speed is 1800rpm, is added dropwise in 250 parts of n-hexanes of stirring, and 4 parts of tetrachloro silicanes, 2 parts of silicon are added after being added dropwise completely Sour tetra-ethyl ester stirs 60min, is washed with n-hexane, vacuum freeze drying obtains kaolin compound.
The foregoing is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, but protection scope of the present invention be not limited thereto, Any one skilled in the art the invention discloses technical scope in, technique according to the invention scheme and its Inventive concept is subject to equivalent substitution or change, should all be included within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology, it is characterised in that its raw material includes by weight:Cement 60-70 Part, industrial silt 40-50 parts, shraff 30-40 parts, kaolin compound 10-20 parts, inserts 30-40 parts, magnesia 6- 12 parts, aluminum sulfate 2-4 parts, sodium phosphate 1.5-2.5 parts, binding agent 15-25 parts, water reducer 1-2 parts, water 60-80 parts.
2. it is used for the construction material of three-dimensional printing technology according to claim 1, it is characterised in that kaolin compound uses It is prepared by following technique:Lauryl sodium sulfate, ammonium acetate, kaolin, water, mannitol are mixed, heated up, stirring, is added dropwise to and stirs Mix in state n-hexane, tetrachloro silicane, tetraethyl orthosilicate stirring are added after being added dropwise completely, is washed with n-hexane, vacuum refrigeration is done It is dry to obtain kaolin compound.
3. the construction material according to claim 1 or claim 2 for three-dimensional printing technology, it is characterised in that kaolin compound Prepared using following technique:By weight by 2-4 parts lauryl sodium sulfate, 2-4 parts ammonium acetate, 30-50 parts kaolin, 30- 40 parts of water, the mixing of 50-60 parts mannitol, heat up, stirring, are added dropwise in stirring 250-350 part n-hexanes, after being added dropwise completely 2-4 parts tetrachloro silicane, the stirring of 2-4 parts tetraethyl orthosilicate, washing are added, vacuum freeze drying obtains kaolin compound.
4. it is used for the construction material of three-dimensional printing technology according to claim any one of 1-3, it is characterised in that kaolin is multiple Compound is prepared using following technique:By weight by 2-4 parts lauryl sodium sulfate, 2-4 parts ammonium acetate, 30-50 parts kaolin, 30-40 parts water, the mixing of 50-60 parts mannitol, are warming up to 80-90 DEG C, stir 20-40min, mixing speed 1600- 1800rpm, it is added dropwise in stirring 250-350 part n-hexanes, 2-4 parts tetrachloro silicane, 2-4 part silicic acid is added after being added dropwise completely Tetra-ethyl ester stirs 40-60min, is washed with n-hexane, vacuum freeze drying obtains kaolin compound.
5. it is used for the construction material of three-dimensional printing technology according to claim any one of 1-4, it is characterised in that inserts is pressed Parts by weight include:White lime 6-12 parts, gangue 4-8 parts, shale 8-16 parts.
6. it is used for the construction material of three-dimensional printing technology according to claim any one of 1-5, it is characterised in that binding agent is pressed Parts by weight include:Makrolon 2-4 parts, epoxy resin 4-8 parts, sodium metasilicate 10-20 parts.
CN201710799960.2A 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 A kind of construction material for three-dimensional printing technology Withdrawn CN107555934A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102002141A (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-04-06 安徽大学 Preparation method of polyurethane-nano kaolin composite material
CN103359753A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-10-23 中国矿业大学(北京) Preparation method of kaolin-silane embedded intercalating modified complex
CN104891891A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-09-09 同济大学 3D printing cement-based material and preparation method thereof
CN105645923A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-06-08 成都新柯力化工科技有限公司 Filamentous clay material for 3D printing and preparation method thereof
CN106904924A (en) * 2017-03-17 2017-06-30 山东大学 The system and method for 3D printing material is built using municipal waste and Industrial Solid Waste

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102002141A (en) * 2010-11-19 2011-04-06 安徽大学 Preparation method of polyurethane-nano kaolin composite material
CN103359753A (en) * 2013-07-05 2013-10-23 中国矿业大学(北京) Preparation method of kaolin-silane embedded intercalating modified complex
CN104891891A (en) * 2015-05-06 2015-09-09 同济大学 3D printing cement-based material and preparation method thereof
CN105645923A (en) * 2015-12-24 2016-06-08 成都新柯力化工科技有限公司 Filamentous clay material for 3D printing and preparation method thereof
CN106904924A (en) * 2017-03-17 2017-06-30 山东大学 The system and method for 3D printing material is built using municipal waste and Industrial Solid Waste

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
白春华: "《非金属矿物基二氧化钛制备改性及废水处理技术》", 31 December 2015, 中国矿业大学出版社 *

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