CN107543415A - One kind filtering gas smelting furnace - Google Patents

One kind filtering gas smelting furnace Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107543415A
CN107543415A CN201710802325.5A CN201710802325A CN107543415A CN 107543415 A CN107543415 A CN 107543415A CN 201710802325 A CN201710802325 A CN 201710802325A CN 107543415 A CN107543415 A CN 107543415A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
combustion chamber
flues
turning collar
rotating ball
furnace
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Pending
Application number
CN201710802325.5A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
诸葛明
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诸葛明
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Priority to CN201710802325.5A priority Critical patent/CN107543415A/en
Publication of CN107543415A publication Critical patent/CN107543415A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The present invention relates to one kind to filter gas smelting furnace, including vertical furnace, the combustion chamber that multilayer is laminated vertically is provided with the vertical furnace, multiple first jets for being used to inject coal gas and multiple second nozzles for being used to inject air are provided with a side wall of each layer of combustion chamber;Multiple smelt is provided with each layer combustion chamber to fill;The tank mouth filled of smelting is arranged on the outer wall of the vertical furnace, two flues is additionally provided with the vertical furnace, two flues are respectively at the both ends of combustion chamber described in multilayer, and both ends of two flues with combustion chamber described in multilayer connect;Two flues and the connectivity part of each layer combustion chamber are provided with magnetic valve.Compared with the prior art, the present invention can control flue gas discharge capacity, flue gas be purified, energy-conserving and environment-protective, ensure the operation of present apparatus steady ordered.

Description

One kind filtering gas smelting furnace
Technical field
The present invention relates to technical field of smelting, and in particular to one kind filtering gas smelting furnace.
Background technology
In the prior art, the smelting process of metallic zinc is broadly divided into two kinds of wet method and pyrogenic process, and the investment of hydrometallurgy is huge, Wastewater treatment is difficult, selectively strong to raw material;Pyrometallurgical smelting has perpendicular tank smelting, blast furnace smelting and electric furnace smelting etc., pyrogenic process smelting It is uneven to there is fuel mixing in refining smelting process, causes ignition temperature to be difficult to control, smelts low precision, the wasting of resources etc. and lacks Point.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide one kind to filter gas smelting furnace, and technical problem to be solved is:Fuel mixes not Uniformly, cause ignition temperature to be difficult to control, smelt low precision, the wasting of resources.
The technical scheme that the present invention solves above-mentioned technical problem is as follows:One kind filtering gas smelting furnace, including vertical furnace, The combustion chamber that multilayer is laminated vertically is provided with the vertical furnace, multiple be used for is provided with a side wall of each layer of combustion chamber Inject the first jet of coal gas and multiple second nozzles for being used to inject air;It is provided with each layer combustion chamber multiple Smelt and fill;The tank mouth filled of smelting is arranged on the outer wall of the vertical furnace, and two are additionally provided with the vertical furnace Individual flue, two flues are respectively at the both ends of combustion chamber described in multilayer, and two flues described in multilayer with burning The both ends connection of room;Two flues and the connectivity part of each layer combustion chamber are provided with magnetic valve;
Correspond in each layer of combustion chamber and be provided with each described first jet and second nozzle to coal gas and air Carry out well mixed evenly mixing device;
The evenly mixing device includes retainer plate, turning collar and rotating ball, and the turning collar is rotatably placed in the retainer plate Interior, the both ends of the turning collar are connected by rotary shaft with the inwall of the retainer plate respectively;The rotating ball is rotatably put In in the turning collar;The both ends of the rotating ball are connected by rotary shaft with the turning collar respectively;The turning collar Multiple pectinid blades are provided with outer shroud and rotating ball;
It is provided with runner where the vertical furnace and the first jet and second nozzle on the outer wall of side wall, described turn Wheel is provided with multiple magnet pieces, the magnetic field cause not of uniform size of multiple magnet pieces along its edge;
The upper end of the vertical furnace is provided with pneumatic filter, the air inlet of the pneumatic filter respectively with two institutes The gas outlet connection of flue is stated, the pneumatic filter carries out filtering discharge to the air-flow in two flues.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:It can realize that burning indoor highly effective is smelted, and can will produce unnecessary high temperature Flue gas is conveyed to other combustion chambers by flue, and energy consumption is also reduced while ensureing and smelting efficient;Made by evenly mixing device Multiple points of air-flows are obtained uniformly to be mixed to different directions so that gas-fired is more abundant, and ignition temperature control is more accurate, Precision is smelted in lifting, reduces the wasting of resources;Suction compression can be carried out to the air-flow in two flues by pneumatic filter Storage, is easy to filter the air-flow containing coal gas, coal gas that can be effectively in filtered airflow, ensures the safety for discharging gas Property, avoid influenceing operating environment.
On the basis of above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention can also do following improvement.
Further, the magnetic valve is gas solenoid valve.
It is using the above-mentioned further beneficial effect of scheme:Gas solenoid valve is easy to control flow of flue gas direction and flowing Amount.
Further, the retainer plate, turning collar and rotating ball are that ferrous material is made.
Further, the rotating ball is hollow ball.
It is using the above-mentioned further beneficial effect of scheme:Hollow rotating ball can reduce weight so that and it is more convenient for rotating, Lift gas mixture homogeneity.
Further, the rotation direction of the rotating ball is vertical with the rotation direction of the turning collar.
It is using the above-mentioned further beneficial effect of scheme:Rotating ball and turning collar are rotated in different directions, are made Obtain multiple points of air-flows to be flowed to different directions, lift gas mixture homogeneity.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation for filtering gas smelting furnace of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of evenly mixing device of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the front view of evenly mixing device of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of vertical furnace of the present invention, runner and magnet piece;
Fig. 5 is runner of the present invention and magnet piece structural representation.
In accompanying drawing, the list of parts representated by each label is as follows:
1st, vertical furnace, 2, combustion chamber, 3A, first jet, 3B, second nozzle, 4, smelt and fill, 5, flue, 6, magnetic valve;
7th, evenly mixing device, 701, retainer plate, 702, turning collar, 703, rotating ball, 704, pectinid blade;
8th, runner, 9, magnet piece, 10, pneumatic filter.
Embodiment
The principle and feature of the present invention are described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the given examples are served only to explain the present invention, and It is non-to be used to limit the scope of the present invention.
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, it is a kind of to filter gas smelting furnace, including vertical furnace 1, it is provided with the vertical furnace 1 The combustion chamber 2 that multilayer is laminated vertically, multiple first jets for being used to inject coal gas are provided with a side wall of each layer of combustion chamber 2 3A and multiple second nozzle 3B for being used to inject air;Multiple smelt is provided with each layer combustion chamber 2 and fills 4;It is described The tank mouth for smelting filling 4 is arranged on the outer wall of the vertical furnace 1, and two flues 5 are additionally provided with the vertical furnace 1, Two flues 5 are respectively at the both ends of combustion chamber 2 described in multilayer, two flues 5 with combustion chamber described in multilayer 2 Both ends connect;Two flues 5 and the connectivity part of each layer combustion chamber 2 are provided with magnetic valve 6;
Corresponded in each layer of combustion chamber 2 be provided with each described first jet 3A and second nozzle 3B to coal gas and Air carries out well mixed evenly mixing device 7;
The evenly mixing device 7 includes retainer plate 701, turning collar 702 and rotating ball 703, and the turning collar 702 is rotatably put In in the retainer plate 701, the both ends of the turning collar 702 are connected by rotary shaft with the inwall of the retainer plate 701 respectively; The rotating ball 703 is rotatably placed in the interior of the turning collar 702;The both ends of the rotating ball 703 pass through rotary shaft respectively It is connected with the turning collar 702;Multiple pectinid blades 704 are provided with the outer shroud and rotating ball 703 of the turning collar 702; The both ends of retainer plate 701 are fixedly connected by fix bar with first jet 3A or second nozzle 3B both ends respectively.
Runner 8 is provided with the vertical furnace 1 and the outer wall of the first jet 3A and second nozzle 3B place side wall, The runner 8 is provided with multiple magnet pieces 9, the magnetic field cause not of uniform size of multiple magnet pieces 9 along its edge.
Vertical furnace 1 is injected separately into coal gas and air to combustion chamber by multiple first jet 3A and multiple second nozzle 3B In 2, coal gas and air mixing are burnt, and the smelting to combustion chamber 2 fills 4 and heated, and are realized and are entered to smelting the crude zinc in filling 4 Row is smelted;Caused high-temperature flue gas can be flowed by flue 5 in smelting process in combustion chamber 2, and can pass through electromagnetism Valve 6 controls flow, can realize and efficiently be smelted in combustion chamber 2, it is defeated by flue 5 that and can will produce unnecessary high-temperature flue gas Other combustion chambers 2 are given, energy consumption is also reduced while ensureing and smelting efficient.
Multiple first jet 3A and multiple second nozzle 3B are injected separately into coal gas and air into the internal procedure of combustion chamber 2, more When coal gas and air that individual first jet 3A and multiple second nozzle 3B are injected separately into, Gas Flow and air flow hits are to mixing dress To put on 7, air-flow drives turning collar 702 and rotating ball 703 to be rotated, in turning collar 702 and the rotation process of rotating ball 703, point Its multiple pectinid blade 704 connected is not driven to be rotated, in multiple rotation processes of pectinid blade 704 so that air-flow is carried out Be separated into multiple points of air-flows so that multiple points of air-flows are flowed to different directions so that multiple first jet 3A injection with Coal gas and the air of multiple second nozzle 3B injections are uniformly mixed so that gas-fired is more abundant, ignition temperature control More precisely, precision is smelted in lifting, reduces the wasting of resources.
By rotating wheel 8, runner 8 multiple magnet pieces 9 at its edge can also be driven to be rotated, multiple magnet The magnetic field cause not of uniform size of block 9 so that the magnetic field size that turning collar 702, rotating ball 703 and multiple pectinid blades 704 are subject to is not Unanimously, turning collar 702 and rotating ball 703 is driven to be rotated, so as to drive multiple pectinid blades 704 to rotate so that air-flow enters Row is separated into multiple points of air-flows so that multiple points of air-flows are flowed to different directions, and realization manually changes airflow direction.
The upper end of the vertical furnace 1 is provided with pneumatic filter 10, the air inlet of the pneumatic filter 10 respectively with The gas outlet connection of two flues 5, the pneumatic filter 10 carry out filtering row to the air-flow in two flues 5 Go out;
By pneumatic filter 10 air-flow in two flues 5 can be carried out suction compression storage, be easy to containing The air-flow of coal gas is filtered, coal gas that can be effectively in filtered airflow, is ensured the security of discharge gas, is avoided influenceing operation ring Border.
In above-described embodiment, the magnetic valve 6 is gas solenoid valve.Gas solenoid valve be easy to control flow of flue gas direction and Amount of flow.
In above-described embodiment, the retainer plate 701, turning collar 702 and rotating ball 703 are that ferrous material is made.It is multiple Pectinid blade 704 and ferrous material are made, and adapt to smelting temperature needs.
In above-described embodiment, the rotating ball 703 is hollow ball.Hollow rotating ball 703 can reduce weight so that it is more just In rotation, lift gas mixture homogeneity.
In above-described embodiment, the rotation direction of the rotating ball 703 is vertical with the rotation direction of the turning collar 702.Turn Dynamic ball 703 and turning collar 702 are rotated in different directions so that multiple points of air-flows are flowed to different directions, lifting The gas mixing uniformity.
The foregoing is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, be not intended to limit the invention, it is all the present invention spirit and Within principle, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included in the scope of the protection.

Claims (5)

1. one kind filtering gas smelting furnace, including vertical furnace (1), it is characterised in that:It is provided with the vertical furnace (1) more The combustion chamber (2) that is laminated vertically of layer, multiple the first sprays for being used to inject coal gas are provided with a side wall of each layer of combustion chamber (2) Mouth (3A) and multiple second nozzles (3B) for being used to inject air;Multiple smeltings are provided with each layer combustion chamber (2) Fill (4);The tank mouth for smelting filling (4) is arranged on the outer wall of the vertical furnace (1), in the vertical furnace (1) also Two flues (5) are provided with, two flues (5) are respectively at the both ends of combustion chamber described in multilayer (2), two flues (5) both ends with combustion chamber described in multilayer (2) connect;Two flues (5) and the connection of each layer combustion chamber (2) Place is provided with magnetic valve (6);
Each described first jet (3A) is corresponded in each layer of combustion chamber (2) and second nozzle (3B) place is provided with to coal gas Well mixed evenly mixing device (7) is carried out with air;
The evenly mixing device (7) includes retainer plate (701), turning collar (702) and rotating ball (703), and the turning collar (702) can Rotation is placed in the retainer plate (701), and the both ends of the turning collar (702) pass through rotary shaft and the retainer plate respectively (701) inwall connection;The rotating ball (703) is rotatably placed in the interior of the turning collar (702);The rotating ball (703) both ends are connected by rotary shaft with the turning collar (702) respectively;The outer shroud and rotating ball of the turning collar (702) (703) multiple pectinid blades (704) are provided with;
The vertical furnace (1) on the outer wall of side wall where the first jet (3A) and second nozzle (3B) with being provided with runner (8), the runner (8) is provided with multiple magnet pieces (9), the magnetic field cause not of uniform size of multiple magnet pieces (9) along its edge;
The upper end of the vertical furnace (1) is provided with pneumatic filter (10), the air inlet difference of the pneumatic filter (10) Connected with the gas outlet of two flues (5), the pneumatic filter (10) is carried out to the air-flow in two flues (5) Filtering discharge.
A kind of 2. filtering gas smelting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The magnetic valve (6) is gas electromagnetism Valve.
A kind of 3. filtering gas smelting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The retainer plate (701), turning collar (702) and rotating ball (703) is that ferrous material is made.
A kind of 4. filtering gas smelting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The rotating ball (703) is hollow ball.
A kind of 5. filtering gas smelting furnace according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The rotation side of the rotating ball (703) To vertical with the rotation direction of the turning collar (702).
CN201710802325.5A 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 One kind filtering gas smelting furnace Pending CN107543415A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710802325.5A CN107543415A (en) 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 One kind filtering gas smelting furnace

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710802325.5A CN107543415A (en) 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 One kind filtering gas smelting furnace

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107543415A true CN107543415A (en) 2018-01-05

Family

ID=60958558

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710802325.5A Pending CN107543415A (en) 2017-09-07 2017-09-07 One kind filtering gas smelting furnace

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107543415A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB190421776A (en) * 1904-10-10 1904-11-17 Charles Cleveland Dodge Gas and Air Mixing Apparatus.
CN201269521Y (en) * 2008-08-06 2009-07-08 吕世光 Dimethyl ether gas-fired boiler
CN105002373A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-10-28 龙桂山 Energy-saving crude zinc smelting furnace
CN105018743A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-04 龙桂山 Safe spelter smelting furnace
CN105170005A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-12-23 重庆市富环建筑材料有限责任公司 Magnetic stirring and mixing device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB190421776A (en) * 1904-10-10 1904-11-17 Charles Cleveland Dodge Gas and Air Mixing Apparatus.
CN201269521Y (en) * 2008-08-06 2009-07-08 吕世光 Dimethyl ether gas-fired boiler
CN105002373A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-10-28 龙桂山 Energy-saving crude zinc smelting furnace
CN105018743A (en) * 2015-07-31 2015-11-04 龙桂山 Safe spelter smelting furnace
CN105170005A (en) * 2015-09-18 2015-12-23 重庆市富环建筑材料有限责任公司 Magnetic stirring and mixing device

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Application publication date: 20180105

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication