CN107540493A - Method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene - Google Patents

Method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene Download PDF

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CN107540493A
CN107540493A CN201610495186.1A CN201610495186A CN107540493A CN 107540493 A CN107540493 A CN 107540493A CN 201610495186 A CN201610495186 A CN 201610495186A CN 107540493 A CN107540493 A CN 107540493A
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bed
catalyst
regenerator
methanol
aromatic hydrocarbons
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钟思青
李晓红
齐国祯
金永明
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China Petroleum and Chemical Corp
Sinopec Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical Technology
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China Petroleum and Chemical Corp
Sinopec Shanghai Research Institute of Petrochemical Technology
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P20/00Technologies relating to chemical industry
    • Y02P20/50Improvements relating to the production of bulk chemicals
    • Y02P20/52Improvements relating to the production of bulk chemicals using catalysts, e.g. selective catalysts
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P30/00Technologies relating to oil refining and petrochemical industry
    • Y02P30/20Technologies relating to oil refining and petrochemical industry using bio-feedstock
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P30/00Technologies relating to oil refining and petrochemical industry
    • Y02P30/40Ethylene production

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene, mainly solve that regenerator temperature is higher in production process, make the gradual hydrothermal deactivation of catalyst, aromatics yield reduces, the problem of influenceing device continuous and steady operation.The present invention contacts generation low-carbon alkene and the effluent rich in aromatic hydrocarbons by using recirculating fluidized bed reaction-regeneration system, methanol and/or dimethyl ether by fluidized-bed reactor with one or more metal supported catalysts;The reclaimable catalyst of inactivation first passes through first fluidized bed regenerator (8), control lower temperature mainly completes annealing in hydrogen atmosphere process, then fast bed (16) is sequentially entered again, second fluidized bed regenerator (15) controls higher temperature to complete the technical scheme made charcoal, during methanol or dimethyl ether are preferably resolved for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene the problem of catalyst hydrothermal deactivation, continuous and steady operation, available for by methanol or dimethyl ether in the industrial production of aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene.

Description

Method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene.Specifically, it is related to one Kind is by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and the recirculating fluidized bed reaction-regeneration system of low-carbon alkene.
Background technology
Ethene, propylene and aromatic hydrocarbons (especially triphen, benzene Benzene, toluene Toluene, dimethylbenzene Xylene, i.e. BTX) It is important basic organic synthesis raw material, at present, is mainly produced using petroleum path.In recent years, International Crude Oil is high always Position operation, the production technology to petroleum path bring very big cost pressure.
All the time, coal or producing synthesis gas from natural gas, synthesising gas systeming carbinol and alkene, separation technologies for aromatics have rule Modelling mature experience, but it is the breakpoint and difficult point of this industrial chain by the process of methanol to ethene, propylene and aromatic hydrocarbons, and be somebody's turn to do The solution of key technology can provide a new original to produce basic organic ethene, propylene and aromatic hydrocarbons by non-oil resource Expect route
In various existing methanol, dimethyl ether catalysis transformation technology, the product of methanol/dimethyl ether conversion aromatic hydrocarbons is simultaneously Including ethene, propylene and aromatic hydrocarbons.The technology initially sees Chang of Mobil companies in 1977 et al. (Journal of Catalysis, 1977,47,249) report methanol and its oxygenatedchemicals conversion preparation virtue on ZSM-5 molecular sieve catalyst The method of the hydrocarbons such as hydrocarbon.1985, Mobil companies disclosed first in its United States Patent (USP) applied US1590321 The result of study of methanol, dimethyl ether conversion aromatic hydrocarbons, the research use the phosphorous ZSM-5 molecular sieve for 2.7% (weight) to urge Agent, reaction temperature are 400~450 DEG C, methanol, dimethyl ether air speed 1.3 (Grams Per Hour)/gram catalyst.
The relevant report and patent in the field are more, but the purpose product of most of technologies is aromatic hydrocarbons, ethene, propylene category It is low in accessory substance, yield.Such as the patent in terms of methanol arenes catalytic agent:Chinese patent CN102372535, CN102371176、CN102371177、CN102372550、CN102372536、CN102371178、CN102416342、 CN101550051, United States Patent (USP) US4615995, US2002/0099249A1 etc..Such as in terms of methanol aromatics process Patent:United States Patent (USP) US4686312, Chinese patent ZL101244969, ZL1880288, CN101602646, CN101823929, CN101671226, CN102199069, CN102199446, CN1880288 etc..
In addition, while technology path disclosed in some patents is methanol aromatic hydrocarbons co-producing light olefins, gasoline etc. other Product, such as patent CN102775261, CN102146010, CN102531821, CN102190546, CN102372537.
Wherein, Multi-function methanol processing method disclosed in patent CN102775261 and device utilize methanol production low-carbon alkene Hydrocarbon, gasoline, aromatic hydrocarbons.This method uses two-step method production technology, and first step methanol feedstock produces low under the effect of special-purpose catalyst 1 Carbon olefin, second step by the reaction gas containing low-carbon alkene after heat exchange, chilling, carrying out washing treatment, in the presence of special-purpose catalyst 2 Synthesize aromatic hydrocarbons and/or gasoline.The reactor of two courses of reaction can be fixed bed or fluid bed.This method uses two-step method, technique Flow is complicated.
Patent CN102146010 discloses the work that low-carbon alkene and arene parallel cogeneration gasoline are produced using methanol as raw material Skill.Low-carbon alkene and aromatic hydrocarbons are produced using methanol as raw material and using molecular sieve catalyst through methanol alkylation reaction and aromatization Co-production gasoline.The reactor of methanol alkylation reaction and aromatization is various types of fixed bed reactors, pressure 0.01 ~0.5 MPa, 180~600 DEG C of temperature.Total liquid yield is more than 70 weight %, and triphen yield is more than 90% (weight).This method is also adopted It is complicated with two reactors, technological process.
Patent CN102531821 discloses methanol and the method for the co-feeding production low-carbon alkene of naphtha and/or aromatic hydrocarbons, Using load 2.2~6.0% (weight) La and 1.0~2.8% (weight) P ZSM-5 catalyst, fixed bed reactors can be used Or fluidized-bed reactor.Reaction temperature is 550~670 DEG C, air speed 1.0~5 (Grams Per Hour)/gram catalyst.The triolefin of this method Yield is higher, but BTX yields are low, only 5~17% (weight).
The method that patent CN102372537 and CN102190546 disclose preparing propylene by methanol transformation and aromatic hydrocarbons.This two specially Profit is developed on the basis of preparing propylene by methanol transformation technology, and propylene is main purpose product, and aromatics yield is relatively low.
The above-mentioned existing fluidization that aromatic hydrocarbons is produced using methanol and/or dimethyl ether as raw material all regenerates system using single System carries out catalyst circular response regeneration.For guarantee high activity of catalyst, it is necessary to which the carbon content of regenerated catalyst is as far as possible low, 0.5% (weight) below, therefore unavoidably needs high temperature regeneration, and general regeneration temperature is more than 650 DEG C.Jiao of reclaimable catalyst Hydrogeneous in charcoal, hydrogen and oxygen reaction can produce vapor., can be because dividing under this high temperature, hydro-thermal atmosphere for molecular sieve catalyst Son sieves framework dealumination and loses activity, and this inactivation is permanent and irreversible.For current regenerative system, in order to ensure The reproduction quality of catalyst, residence time of the catalyst in regenerator is longer, causes catalyst hydrothermal deactivation serious, uses the longevity Life reduces, and aromatics yield declines, production cost increase.
The content of the invention
The technical problems to be solved by the invention are that regenerator temperature is higher in the prior art, lose the gradual hydro-thermal of catalyst Living, aromatics yield reduces, the problem of influenceing device continuous and steady operation, there is provided a kind of to produce aromatic hydrocarbons and low by methanol or dimethyl ether The method of carbon olefin.This method is made charcoal using low temperature, incomplete regen-eration annealing in hydrogen atmosphere, higher temperature, oxygen-enriched regeneration completely, is had and protected Hold good catalyst hydrothermal stability simultaneously, obtain the low-carbon regenerative agent of high quality, the advantages of improving aromatics yield.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:It is a kind of standby fragrant by methanol or dimethyl ether The method of hydrocarbon and low-carbon alkene, using recirculating fluidized bed reaction-regeneration system, methanol and/or dimethyl ether pass through fluidized-bed reaction Device contacts generation low-carbon alkene and the effluent rich in aromatic hydrocarbons with one or more metal supported catalysts.It is it is characterized in that used Recirculating fluidized bed reaction-regeneration system include fluidized-bed reactor (1), reactor cyclone (4), reactor heat collector (5), stripper (6), inclined tube (7) to be generated, first fluidized bed regenerator (8), the first regenerator cyclone separator (11), first again Raw device heat collector (12), semi-regeneration stand pipe (13), semi regeneration inclined tube (14), second fluidized bed regenerator (15), fast bed (16), Fast bed external warmer (21), outer circulating tube (22), Second reactivator cyclone separator (20), degassing tank (23), regenerator sloped tube And macroporous plate (17) (24);Decaying catalyst first passes through first fluidized bed regenerator (8), and control lower temperature completes annealing in hydrogen atmosphere mistake Journey, then sequentially enters fast bed (16), second fluidized bed regenerator (15) controls higher temperature to complete to make charcoal again, obtains height The regenerated catalyst of quality.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that metal supported catalyst is silica alumina ratio SiO2/Al2O3At least 10~100 Crystal aluminosilicate.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is highly preferred that catalyst is loaded with least one of Zn, Ag, P, Ga, Cu, Mn and Mg member Element or oxide.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that crystal aluminosilicate is ZSM-5 and/or ZSM-11.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that carried metal is preferably Zn and/or Bi;It is furthermore preferred that Zn and Bi weight ratio For (1:9)~(1:4).
In technical scheme, carried metal mainly exists in the form of the oxide in the catalyst, works as catalyst When being expressed as a%Zn/ZSM-5, the mass percentage content for illustrating Zn elements in catalyst is a%, except Zn or its oxide Remaining is ZSM-5 outside, contains other trace elements in catalyst because raw material or other reasonses ultimately result in preparation process The general component for being not counted in catalyst.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that the regenerated catalyst carbon content is less than 0.1%.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that methanol or dimethyl ether conversion reaction use turbulent fluid bed reactor (1), wrap Emulsion zone (2) and dilute-phase zone (3) are included, methanol or dimethyl ether enter emulsion zone (2) and catalyst from fluidized-bed reactor (1) bottom Contact carries out the reaction generation product such as aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene, the reactor that the product gas of entrained catalyst passes through dilute-phase zone (3) Fluidized-bed reactor (1) is left after cyclone separator (4) progress gas solid separation and enters subsequent separation system, and the catalyst of recovery returns Return emulsion zone (2).
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that fluidized-bed reactor (1) is by setting interior heat collector (5) or external warmer (5) Or set interior heat collector (5) and external warmer (5) to remove heat caused by reaction simultaneously, while control fluidized-bed reactor (1) Reaction temperature.The reclaimable catalyst of fluidized-bed reactor (1) interior carbon deposit is after stripper (6) removes micro hydro carbons, through treating Raw inclined tube (7) enters the emulsion zone (9) of first fluidized bed regenerator (8).
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that catalyst regeneration is regenerated using two device fast beds, first fluidized bed regenerator (8) emulsion zone (9), dilute-phase zone (10), regenerator cyclone separator (11), the first regenerator heat collector (12), semi regeneration are included Standpipe (13), semi regeneration inclined tube (14);Second fluidized bed regenerator (15) includes emulsion zone (18), dilute-phase zone (19), regenerator Cyclone separator (20), degassing tank (23), regenerator sloped tube (24) and fast bed (16), macroporous plate (17), fast bed outside heat removing Device (21), outer circulating tube (22);It is highly preferred that regenerator cyclone separator (11) and (20) are 1-5 levels, generally 2 or 3 grades.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that first fluidized bed regenerator (8) is arranged in juxtaposition with fast bed (16), first-class Change bed regenerator (8) to be connected by semi-regeneration stand pipe (13) and semi regeneration inclined tube (14) with fast bed (16);Second fluidized bed is again In fast bed (16) above, insertion second fluidized bed regenerator (15) bottom at the top of fast bed (16), both pass through raw device (15) Fast bed heat collector (21), outer circulating tube (22) connect with macroporous plate (17).
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that reclaimable catalyst is in first fluidized bed regenerator (8) emulsion zone (9) with coming from The air contact of first fluidized bed regenerator (8) bottom carries out catalyst regeneration.First fluidized bed regenerator (8) using annealing in hydrogen atmosphere as It is main, incomplete regen-eration is carried out using relatively low regeneration temperature and appropriate oxygen content, controls oxygen content in flue gas to be less than 1%;Flue gas of the oxygen content less than 1% carries out gas solid separation by the first regenerator cyclone separator (11) of dilute-phase zone (10) After leave first fluidized bed regenerator (8) and enter subsequent power recovery system;Semi regeneration in first fluidized bed regenerator (8) is urged Agent enters fast bed (16) bottom by semi-regeneration stand pipe (13) and semi regeneration inclined tube (14).
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that the excessive main wind of oxygen content enters from fast bed (16) bottom and semi regeneration is urged Agent contacts under the high temperature conditions, carries out the complete regeneration based on making charcoal;Oxygen content more than 1% fast bed (16) flue gas and The reclaimable catalyst for remaining a small amount of carbon deposit enters second fluidized bed regenerator (15) by macroporous plate (17) at the top of fast bed (16) Emulsion zone (18) with two again main wind mix, further coke burning regeneration.Flue gas of the oxygen content more than 1% passes through dilute-phase zone (19) Second reactivator cyclone separator (20) leaves second fluidized bed regenerator (15) into subsequent power time after carrying out gas solid separation Receipts system.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that the high temperature catalyst in first fluidized bed regenerator (8) passes through in the first regeneration Device external warmer (12) returns to first fluidized bed regenerator (8) emulsion zone (9) after reducing temperature, by controlling catalyst internal circulating load To adjust the regeneration temperature of first fluidized bed regenerator.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that the high temperature catalyst in second fluidized bed regenerator (15) emulsion zone (18) leads to Enter fast bed (16) bottom after crossing fast bed external warmer (21) reduction temperature, burnt by controlling catalyst internal circulating load to adjust Burnt temperature.The catalyst of second fluidized bed regenerator (15) emulsion zone (18) enters fast bed device by outer circulating tube (22) (16) to ensure the density of fast bed device (16) interior catalyst.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that the catalyst in fast bed device (16) passes through macroporous plate with flue gas is burnt (17) second fluidized bed regenerator (15) emulsion zone (18), the catalyst regenerated completely in second fluidized bed regenerator (15) are entered After micro non-hydrocarbon gases by the entrainment of degassing tank (23) Removal of catalyst, into fluidized-bed reactor (1) emulsion zone (2).
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that methanol or 400~550 DEG C of the reaction temperature of dimethyl ether conversion reaction, reaction pressure 0~1.0MPa of power, 200~550 kgs/m of reactor emulsion zone (2) catalyst averag density3, it is empty in fluidized-bed reactor (1) The meter per second of tower linear speed 0.1~1.0.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that 500~600 DEG C of first fluidized bed regenerator regeneration temperature, regeneration pressure 0~ 1.0MPa, 200~550 kgs/m of first fluidized bed reactor emulsion zone (2) catalyst averag density3, first fluidized bed regeneration The average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.1~1.0 in device emulsion zone (9).
In above-mentioned technical proposal, it is preferable that 600~720 DEG C, 0~1.2MPa of regeneration pressure of fast bed (16) regeneration temperature, 30~150 kgs/m of catalyst averag density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 1.0~3.0 in fast bed (16).Second fluidisation 600~720 DEG C, 0~1.0MPa of regeneration pressure of regenerator (15) regeneration temperature of bed, 200~550 kilograms of catalyst averag density/ Rice3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.1~1.0 in second fluidized bed regenerator (15).
For the method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene, it is proposed that recirculating fluidized bed reaction-regeneration System includes fluidized-bed reactor (1), reactor cyclone (4), reactor heat collector (5), stripper (6), it is to be generated tiltedly Manage (7), first fluidized bed regenerator (8), the first regenerator cyclone separator (11), the first external catalyst cooler for regenerator (12), half Standpipe (13), semi regeneration inclined tube (14), second fluidized bed regenerator (15), Second reactivator cyclone separator (20), take off Gas tank (23), regenerator sloped tube (24), fast bed (16), fast bed external warmer (21), semi regeneration outer circulating tube (22) and macropore Sieve plate (17).It is higher regeneration temperature, oxygen-enriched by low regeneration temperature, incomplete regen-eration annealing in hydrogen atmosphere using technical scheme Regeneration is made charcoal completely, is had the catalyst hydrothermal stability for keeping good simultaneously, the low-carbon regenerative agent of high quality is obtained, after regeneration Carbon content is less than 0.1% on catalyst, maintains higher aromatics yield, and the carbon base absorption rate of its aromatic hydrocarbons obtains up to more than 60% Good technique effect.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is recirculating fluidized bed reaction-regeneration system of the present invention (fluidized-bed reactor setting interior heat collector) schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is recirculating fluidized bed reaction-regeneration system of the present invention (fluidized-bed reactor setting external warmer) schematic diagram;
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2,1 is fluidized-bed reactor;2 be reactor emulsion zone;3 be reactor dilute-phase zone;4 be reactor Cyclone separator;5 be reactor heat collector;6 be stripper;7 be inclined tube to be generated;8 be first fluidized bed regenerator;9 be first Fluid bed regenerator emulsion zone;10 be first fluidized bed regenerator dilute-phase zone;11 be first fluidized bed regenerator cyclone separator; 12 be first fluidized bed external catalyst cooler for regenerator;13 be semi-regeneration stand pipe, and 14 be semi regeneration inclined tube, and 15 be that second fluidized bed regenerates Device;16 be fast bed;17 macroporous plates;18 be second fluidized bed regenerator emulsion zone;19 be second fluidized bed regenerator dilute phase Area;20 be second fluidized bed regenerator cyclone separator;21 be fast bed external warmer;22 be outer circulating tube;23 be degassing tank; 24 be regenerator sloped tube;25 be the main wind of first fluidized bed regenerator (main wind again and again);26 be the main wind of fast bed;27 be second fluidized bed The main wind of regenerator (two again main wind).
Below by embodiment, the invention will be further elaborated.
Specific embodiment
【Embodiment 1】
The device of 1800000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 1 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets interior heat collector, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Ag/ZSM-5.Fluid bed is anti- The reaction process condition for answering device is:Reaction temperature is 470 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.2MPa, emulsion zone catalyst averag density 350 Kg/m3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.7.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Again and again temperature be 550 DEG C, one Pressure is 0.2MPa again, again and again 300 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.8 again and again; Quick bed tempertaure is 680 DEG C, and fast bed pressure is 0.21MPa, and quick bed catalyst averag density is 80 kgs/m, fast bed The average meter per second of void tower linear speed 1.2:Two again temperature be 660 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.2MPa, two again emulsion zone catalyst be averaged it is close 450 kgs/m of degree3, two again be averaged the meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.5;Two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, again and again exhanst gas outlet Oxygen content 0.8% (volume), two exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 4.1% (volumes) again, carbon content 0.05% on regenerated catalyst.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, methanol aromatic hydrocarbons and alkene are carried out by method of the present invention, can obtain More satisfactory result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 61.8%, ethene carbon base absorption rate 8.89%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 6.24%.
【Embodiment 2】
The device of 1800000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 1 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets interior heat collector, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Ag/ZSM-5.Fluid bed is anti- The reaction process condition for answering device is:Reaction temperature is 450 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.3MPa, emulsion zone catalyst averag density 300 Kg/m3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.6.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Again and again temperature be 540 DEG C, one Pressure is 0.3MPa again, again and again 400 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.5 again and again; Quick bed tempertaure is 680 DEG C, and fast bed pressure is 0.31MPa, and quick bed catalyst averag density is 50 kgs/m, fast bed The average meter per second of void tower linear speed 1.8:Two again temperature be 690 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.3MPa, two again emulsion zone catalyst be averaged it is close 400 kgs/m of degree3, two again be averaged the meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.6;Two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, again and again exhanst gas outlet Oxygen content 0.4% (volume), two exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 5.8% (volumes) again, carbon content 0.08% on regenerated catalyst.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, methanol aromatic hydrocarbons and alkene are carried out by method of the present invention, can obtain More satisfactory result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 60.86%, ethene carbon base absorption rate 7.89%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 5.42%.
【Embodiment 3】
The device of 1200000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 2 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets external warmer, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Ag/ZSM-5.Fluid bed is anti- The reaction process condition for answering device is:Reaction temperature is 480 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.3MPa, emulsion zone catalyst averag density 380 Kg/m3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.8.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Again and again temperature be 530 DEG C, one Pressure is 0.3MPa again, again and again 350 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.6 again and again; Quick bed tempertaure is 690 DEG C, and fast bed pressure is 0.31MPa, and quick bed catalyst averag density is double centner/rice, fast bed The average meter per second of void tower linear speed 1.1;Two again temperature be 680 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.3MPa;Two again emulsion zone catalyst it is average close 350 kgs/m of degree3, two again be averaged the meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.82;Two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, again and again exhanst gas outlet Oxygen content 0.5% (volume), two exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 3.2% (volumes) again, carbon content 0.04% on regenerated catalyst.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, methanol aromatic hydrocarbons and alkene are carried out by method of the present invention, can obtain More satisfactory result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 62.51%, ethene carbon base absorption rate 8.07%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 6.38%.
【Embodiment 4】
The device of 600000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 2 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets external warmer, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Ag/ZSM-5.Fluid bed is anti- The reaction process condition for answering device is:Reaction temperature is 490 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.2MPa, emulsion zone catalyst averag density 430 Kg/m3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.9.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Again and again temperature be 560 DEG C, one Pressure is 0.2MPa again, again and again 250 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.8 again and again; Quick bed tempertaure is 680 DEG C, and fast bed pressure is 0.21MPa, and quick bed catalyst averag density is 75 kgs/m, fast bed The average meter per second of void tower linear speed 1.5;Two again temperature be 680 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.2MPa, two again emulsion zone catalyst be averaged it is close 380 kgs/m of degree3, two again be averaged the meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.7;Two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, again and again exhanst gas outlet Oxygen content 0.9% (volume), two exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 5.1% (volumes) again, carbon content 0.05% on regenerated catalyst.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, methanol aromatic hydrocarbons and alkene are carried out by method of the present invention, can obtain More satisfactory result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 61.4%, ethene carbon base absorption rate 8.32%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 6.01%.
【Embodiment 5】
The device of 1800000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 2 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets external warmer, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Ag/ZSM-5.Fluid bed is anti- The reaction process condition for answering device is:Reaction temperature is 470 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.5MPa, emulsion zone catalyst averag density 300 Kg/m3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.5.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Again and again temperature be 550 DEG C, one Pressure is 0.5MPa again, again and again 200 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.9 again and again; Quick bed tempertaure is 670 DEG C, and fast bed pressure is 0.51MPa, and quick bed catalyst averag density is 67 kgs/m, average sky The meter per second of tower linear speed 1.6;Two again temperature be 680 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.5MPa, two emulsion zone catalyst averag densities 350,000 again Grams m3, two again be averaged the meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.8;Two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, again and again exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 0.6% (volume), two exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 4.4% (volumes) again, carbon content 0.06% on regenerated catalyst.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, methanol aromatic hydrocarbons and alkene are carried out by method of the present invention, can obtain More satisfactory result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 63.3%, ethene carbon base absorption rate 6.17%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 4.94%.
【Embodiment 6】
The device of 1200000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 1 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets interior heat collector, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Ag/ZSM-5.Fluid bed is anti- The reaction process condition for answering device is:Reaction temperature is 480 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.15MPa, emulsion zone catalyst averag density 480 kgs/m3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.5.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Temperature is 580 again and again DEG C, pressure is 0.15MPa again and again, again and again 320 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, average void tower linear speed 0.7 again and again Meter per second;Quick bed tempertaure is 660 DEG C, and pressure be 0.16MPa to fast bed two again, quick bed catalyst averag density for 92 kilograms/ Rice, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 1.2;Two again temperature be 670 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.15MPa, two again emulsion zone catalyst put down Equal 400 kgs/m of density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.6 again and again;Two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, again and again flue gas Export oxygen content 0.8% (volume), two exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 2% (volumes) again, carbon content 0.07% on regenerated catalyst.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, methanol aromatic hydrocarbons and alkene are carried out by method of the present invention, can obtain More satisfactory result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 60.3%, ethene carbon base absorption rate 9.17%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 7.94%.
【Embodiment 7】
The device of 1800000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 2 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets external warmer, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Ag/ZSM-5.Fluid bed is anti- The reaction process condition for answering device is:Reaction temperature is 500 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.05MPa, emulsion zone catalyst averag density 550 kgs/m3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.9.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Temperature is 550 again and again DEG C, pressure is 0.05MPa again and again, again and again 360 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, average void tower linear speed 0.62 again and again Meter per second;Quick bed tempertaure is 689 DEG C, and pressure be 0.06MPa to fast bed two again, quick bed catalyst averag density for 84 kilograms/ Rice, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 1.4;Two again temperature be 690 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.05MPa, two again emulsion zone catalyst put down Equal 400 kgs/m of density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.6 again and again;Two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, again and again flue gas Export oxygen content 0.7% (volume), two exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 3.9% (volumes) again, carbon content on regenerated catalyst 0.08%.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, methanol aromatic hydrocarbons and alkene are carried out by method of the present invention, can obtain More satisfactory result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 53.83%, ethene carbon base absorption rate 14.02%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 10.17%.
【Embodiment 8】
The device of 1200000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 1 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets interior heat collector, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Ag/MCM-48.Fluid bed is anti- The reaction process condition for answering device is:Reaction temperature is 480 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.15MPa, emulsion zone catalyst averag density 480 kgs/m3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.5.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Temperature is 580 again and again DEG C, pressure is 0.15MPa again and again, again and again 320 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, average void tower linear speed 0.7 again and again Meter per second;Quick bed tempertaure is 660 DEG C, and pressure be 0.16MPa to fast bed two again, quick bed catalyst averag density for 92 kilograms/ Rice, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 1.2;Two again temperature be 670 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.15MPa, two again emulsion zone catalyst put down Equal 400 kgs/m of density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.6 again and again;Two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, again and again flue gas Export oxygen content 0.8% (volume), two exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 2% (volumes) again, carbon content 0.07% on regenerated catalyst.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, methanol aromatic hydrocarbons and alkene are carried out by method of the present invention, can obtain More satisfactory result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 60.0%, ethene carbon base absorption rate 9.20%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 7.5%.
【Embodiment 9】
The device of 1200000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 1 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets interior heat collector, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Rb/ZSM-5.Fluid bed is anti- The reaction process condition for answering device is:Reaction temperature is 480 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.15MPa, emulsion zone catalyst averag density 480 kgs/m3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.5.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Temperature is 580 again and again DEG C, pressure is 0.15MPa again and again, again and again 320 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, average void tower linear speed 0.7 again and again Meter per second;Quick bed tempertaure is 660 DEG C, and pressure be 0.16MPa to fast bed two again, quick bed catalyst averag density for 92 kilograms/ Rice, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 1.2;Two again temperature be 670 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.15MPa, two again emulsion zone catalyst put down Equal 400 kgs/m of density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.6 again and again;Two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, again and again flue gas Export oxygen content 0.8% (volume), two exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 2% (volumes) again, carbon content 0.07% on regenerated catalyst.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, methanol aromatic hydrocarbons and alkene are carried out by method of the present invention, can obtain More satisfactory result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 60.4%, ethene carbon base absorption rate 9.0%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 7.6%.
【Embodiment 10】
The device of 1800000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 2 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets external warmer, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Bi/ZSM-5.Fluid bed is anti- The reaction process condition for answering device is:Reaction temperature is 500 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.05MPa, emulsion zone catalyst averag density 550 kgs/m3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.9.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Temperature is 550 again and again DEG C, pressure is 0.05MPa again and again, again and again 360 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, average void tower linear speed 0.62 again and again Meter per second;Quick bed tempertaure is 689 DEG C, and pressure be 0.06MPa to fast bed two again, quick bed catalyst averag density for 84 kilograms/ Rice, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 1.4;Two again temperature be 690 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.05MPa, two again emulsion zone catalyst put down Equal 400 kgs/m of density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.6 again and again;Two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, again and again flue gas Export oxygen content 0.7% (volume), two exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 3.9% (volumes) again, carbon content on regenerated catalyst 0.08%.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, methanol aromatic hydrocarbons and alkene are carried out by method of the present invention, can obtain More satisfactory result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 60.1%, ethene carbon base absorption rate 12.1%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 9.5%.
【Embodiment 11】
The device of 1800000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 2 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets external warmer, using metal supported catalyst 0.4%Zn/3.6%Bi/ZSM-5.Fluidisation Bed reactor reaction process condition be:Reaction temperature is 500 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.05MPa, and emulsion zone catalyst is average close 550 kgs/m of degree3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.9.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Temperature is 550 again and again DEG C, pressure is 0.05MPa again and again, again and again 360 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, average void tower linear speed 0.62 again and again Meter per second;Quick bed tempertaure is 689 DEG C, and pressure be 0.06MPa to fast bed two again, quick bed catalyst averag density for 84 kilograms/ Rice, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 1.4;Two again temperature be 690 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.05MPa, two again emulsion zone catalyst put down Equal 400 kgs/m of density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.6 again and again;Two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, again and again flue gas Export oxygen content 0.7% (volume), two exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 3.9% (volumes) again, carbon content on regenerated catalyst 0.08%.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, methanol aromatic hydrocarbons and alkene are carried out by method of the present invention, can obtain More satisfactory result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 64.0%, ethene carbon base absorption rate 10.0%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 7.2%.
【Embodiment 12】
The device of 1800000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 2 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets external warmer, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Bi/ZSM-5.Fluid bed is anti- The reaction process condition for answering device is:Reaction temperature is 500 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.05MPa, emulsion zone catalyst averag density 550 kgs/m3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.9.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Temperature is 550 again and again DEG C, pressure is 0.05MPa again and again, again and again 360 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, average void tower linear speed 0.62 again and again Meter per second;Quick bed tempertaure is 689 DEG C, and pressure be 0.06MPa to fast bed two again, quick bed catalyst averag density for 84 kilograms/ Rice, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 1.4;Two again temperature be 690 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.05MPa, two again emulsion zone catalyst put down Equal 400 kgs/m of density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.6 again and again;Two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, again and again flue gas Export oxygen content 0.7% (volume), two exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 3.9% (volumes) again, carbon content on regenerated catalyst 0.08%.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, methanol aromatic hydrocarbons and alkene are carried out by method of the present invention, can obtain More satisfactory result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 64.2%, ethene carbon base absorption rate 9.5%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 7.8%.
【Comparative example 1】
The device of 1800000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene using recirculating fluidized bed as shown in Figure 1 reaction-again Raw system, fluidized-bed reactor sets interior heat collector, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Ag/ZSM-5.Fluid bed is anti- The reaction process condition for answering device is:Reaction temperature is 470 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.5MPa, emulsion zone catalyst averag density 330 Kg/m3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.5.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Again and again temperature be 680 DEG C, one Pressure is 0.5MPa again, again and again 280 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.7 again and again; Two again temperature be 680 DEG C, two again pressure be 0.51MPa, two 310 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density again3, put down again and again The equal meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.8, two main wind oxygen content 21% (volume) again, exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 1.8% (volume) again and again, two Exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 4.1% (volume) again, carbon content 0.08% on regenerated catalyst.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, available operation result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 50.95%, the carbon-based receipts of ethene Rate 13.21%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 9.52%.
【Comparative example 2】
The device of 1800000 tons/year of methanol production aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene uses regular circulation fluidized-bed reaction-regeneration system System, regenerator is one section of regeneration, using metal supported catalyst 1%Zn/3%Ag/ZSM-5.The reaction work of fluidized-bed reactor Skill condition is:Reaction temperature is 470 DEG C, reaction pressure 0.5MPa, 300 kgs/m of emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, put down The equal meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.5.The technological condition of regeneration of fluid bed regenerator is:Temperature is 550 DEG C, regeneration pressure 0.5MPa, 380 kgs/m of regenerator emulsion zone catalyst averag density3, the average meter per second of void tower linear speed 0.6 of regenerator;Main wind oxygen content 21% (volume), exhanst gas outlet oxygen content 0.4% (volume), carbon content 1.8% on regenerated catalyst.
Under conditions above and structural parameters, available operation result, aromatic hydrocarbons carbon base absorption rate 47.71%, the carbon-based receipts of ethene Rate 16.63%, propylene carbon base absorption rate 11.82%.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene, using recirculating fluidized bed reaction-regeneration system, Methanol and/or dimethyl ether contact generation low-carbon alkene and richness by fluidized-bed reactor with one or more metal supported catalysts Effluent containing aromatic hydrocarbons.It is characterized in that recirculating fluidized bed reaction-regeneration system used includes fluidized-bed reactor (1), instead Answer device cyclone separator (4), reactor heat collector (5), stripper (6), inclined tube (7) to be generated, first fluidized bed regenerator (8), First regenerator cyclone separator (11), the first regenerator heat collector (12), semi-regeneration stand pipe (13), semi regeneration inclined tube (14), Second fluidized bed regenerator (15), fast bed (16), fast bed external warmer (21), outer circulating tube (22), Second reactivator rotation Wind separator (20), degassing tank (23), regenerator sloped tube (24) and macroporous plate (17);Decaying catalyst first passes through the first fluidized bed Regenerator (8), control lower temperature complete annealing in hydrogen atmosphere process, then sequentially enter fast bed (16), second fluidized bed regenerator again (15) control higher temperature to complete to make charcoal, obtain the regenerated catalyst of high quality.
2. the method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene according to claim 1, it is characterised in that methanol Or dimethyl ether conversion reaction uses turbulent fluid bed reactor (1), including emulsion zone (2) and dilute-phase zone (3), methanol or dimethyl ether Enter emulsion zone (2) from fluidized-bed reactor (1) bottom and catalyst contact carries out the reaction generation production such as aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene Thing, the product gas of entrained catalyst pass through dilute-phase zone (3) reactor cyclone (4) carry out gas solid separation after leave fluidisation Bed reactor (1) enters subsequent separation system, and the catalyst of recovery returns to emulsion zone (2).
3. the method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene according to claim 1, it is characterised in that fluidisation Bed reactor (1) is by setting interior heat collector (5) or external warmer (5) or setting interior heat collector (5) and external warmer (5) simultaneously Heat caused by reaction is removed, while controls the reaction temperature of fluidized-bed reactor (1);Fluidized-bed reactor (1) interior carbon deposit Reclaimable catalyst enters first fluidized bed regenerator (8) after stripper (6) removes micro hydro carbons, through inclined tube to be generated (7) Emulsion zone (9).
4. the method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene according to claim 1, it is characterised in that catalysis Agent regeneration is regenerated using two device fast beds, and first fluidized bed regenerator (8) includes emulsion zone (9), dilute-phase zone (10), regenerator rotation Wind separator (11), the first regenerator heat collector (12), semi-regeneration stand pipe (13), semi regeneration inclined tube (14);Second fluidized bed is again Raw device (15) includes emulsion zone (18), dilute-phase zone (19), regenerator cyclone separator (20), degassing tank (23), regenerator sloped tube (24) and fast bed (16), macroporous plate (17), fast bed external warmer (21), outer circulating tube (22).
5. the method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first Fluid bed regenerator (8) is arranged in juxtaposition with fast bed (16), and first fluidized bed regenerator (8) passes through semi regeneration with fast bed (16) Standpipe (13) and semi regeneration inclined tube (14) connection;Second fluidized bed regenerator (15) in fast bed (16) above, fast bed (16) Second fluidized bed regenerator (15) bottom is inserted at top, and both pass through fast bed heat collector (21), outer circulating tube (22) and macropore Sieve plate (17) connects.
6. the method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene according to claim 1, it is characterised in that to be generated Catalyst enters in first fluidized bed regenerator (8) emulsion zone (9) and the air contact from first fluidized bed regenerator (8) bottom Row catalyst regenerates;First fluidized bed regenerator (8) is based on annealing in hydrogen atmosphere, using relatively low regeneration temperature and appropriate oxygen content Incomplete regen-eration is carried out, controls oxygen content in flue gas to be less than 1%;Flue gas of the oxygen content less than 1% passes through dilute-phase zone (10) The first regenerator cyclone separator (11) carry out gas solid separation after leave first fluidized bed regenerator (8) into subsequent power return Receipts system;Semi regeneration catalyst in first fluidized bed regenerator (8) passes through semi-regeneration stand pipe (13) and semi regeneration inclined tube (14) Into fast bed (16) bottom.
7. the method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene according to claim 1, it is characterised in that oxygen-containing Measure excessive main wind to contact under the high temperature conditions from fast bed (16) bottom into semi regeneration catalyst, carry out based on making charcoal Complete regeneration;The reclaimable catalyst of fast bed (16) flue gas of the oxygen content more than 1% and surplus a small amount of carbon deposit passes through fast bed (16) top macroporous plate (17) enter second fluidized bed regenerator (15) emulsion zone (18) with two again main wind mix, further burning Jiao's regeneration;Flue gas of the oxygen content more than 1% carries out gas-solid by the Second reactivator cyclone separator (20) of dilute-phase zone (19) Second fluidized bed regenerator (15) is left after separation and enters subsequent power recovery system.
8. the method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene according to claim 1, it is characterised in that first High temperature catalyst in fluid bed regenerator (8) is first-class by being returned after the first external catalyst cooler for regenerator (12) reduces temperature Change bed regenerator (8) emulsion zone (9), the regeneration temperature of first fluidized bed regenerator is adjusted by controlling catalyst internal circulating load.
9. the method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene according to claim 1, it is characterised in that second High temperature catalyst in fluid bed regenerator (15) emulsion zone (18) enters after reducing temperature by fast bed external warmer (21) Fast bed (16) bottom, the temperature burnt is adjusted by controlling catalyst internal circulating load;Second fluidized bed regenerator (15) close phase The catalyst in area (18) enters fast bed device (16) to ensure the close of fast bed device (16) interior catalyst by outer circulating tube (22) Degree.
10. the method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene according to claim 1, it is characterised in that quick Catalyst in bed device (16) enters second fluidized bed regenerator (15) emulsion zone with flue gas is burnt by macroporous plate (17) (18) catalyst, regenerated completely in second fluidized bed regenerator (15) is micro by the entrainment of degassing tank (23) Removal of catalyst After non-hydrocarbon gases, into fluidized-bed reactor (1) emulsion zone (2).
CN201610495186.1A 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 Method by methanol or dimethyl ether for aromatic hydrocarbons and low-carbon alkene Pending CN107540493A (en)

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Application publication date: 20180105