CN107539142A - A kind of liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells type charging station - Google Patents

A kind of liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells type charging station Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107539142A
CN107539142A CN201710589266.8A CN201710589266A CN107539142A CN 107539142 A CN107539142 A CN 107539142A CN 201710589266 A CN201710589266 A CN 201710589266A CN 107539142 A CN107539142 A CN 107539142A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
liquid metal
carbon fuel
battery
kind
connected
Prior art date
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CN201710589266.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李丽
贝绍轶
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江苏理工学院
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Priority to CN201710589266.8A priority Critical patent/CN107539142A/en
Publication of CN107539142A publication Critical patent/CN107539142A/en

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • Y02T10/7011Lithium ion battery
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7005Batteries
    • Y02T10/7016Lead acid battery
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/70Energy storage for electromobility
    • Y02T10/7072Electromobility specific charging systems or methods for batteries, ultracapacitors, supercapacitors or double-layer capacitors
    • Y02T10/7088Charging stations
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02TCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO TRANSPORTATION
    • Y02T10/00Road transport of goods or passengers
    • Y02T10/60Other road transportation technologies with climate change mitigation effect
    • Y02T10/72Electric energy management in electromobility
    • Y02T10/7208Electric power conversion within the vehicle
    • Y02T10/7241DC to AC or AC to DC power conversion

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells type charging station, including air feeder, SOFC battery piles, liquid metal storage device, liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus, solid carbon fuel supply system, booster, battery, direct-current charging post, inverter and alternating-current charging pile.The present invention is by the use of solid carbon as fuel, than gas or liquid fuel, without reforming auxiliary equipment and fuel handling safe ready.

Description

A kind of liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells type charging station

Technical field

The present invention relates to fuel cell charging technique field, more particularly to a kind of liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells Type charging station.

Background technology

With continuous aggravation the problems such as environmental pollution, energy crisis, have the electric automobile of environmental protection and energy saving advantage into For the Main way of future automobile field development.For the Basel Ⅱ Accord immediately following development of automobile industry, Chinese Government advises in " 13 " The year two thousand twenty whole nation electric car recoverable amount is proposed up to the target of 5,000,000 in drawing, and as important support equipment, charging station is built It is located at most important in electric automobile popularization.

Current charging station generally use national grid is as power source, due to needing wink during electric vehicle rapid charging Shi Qiang great power power, with the continuous growth of electric automobile quantity, the quick charge simultaneously of a large amount of electric automobiles will be to power network Cause enormous impact.In addition, on highway, country road, remote mountain areas and other places, power grid construction is not perfect, electric automobile Charge requirement hardly result in satisfaction, to solve the problems, such as charging electric vehicle difficulty, exploitation off-grid type charging station has important meaning Justice.

Fuel cell is a kind of TRT that the chemical energy being stored in fuel directly can be converted into electric energy, and energy turns Efficiency high is changed, it is environment-friendly.With the gradual maturation of fuel cell industrialization technology, fuel cell will turn into off-grid type charging station Preferable power source, it is domestic at present to have developed a variety of off-grid type charging stations based on fuel cell, such as patent (CN 104022545 A) a kind of fuel cell mobile charging device based on methanol is provided, patent (A of CN 105553044) provides A kind of integrated gas-filling station based on natural gas provides a kind of diesel oil with charging station arrangement, patent (A of CN 104466208) Type SOFC charging station, patent (A of CN 104485711) provide a kind of liquefied petroleum gas type solid oxidation Thing fuel cell charging station.But methanol, natural gas, diesel oil, liquefied petroleum gas etc. are required to extra reformation auxiliary equipment, otherwise The problems such as catalyst poisoning, anode carbon distribution easily occurs, causes battery pile to fail, in addition, these fuel are deposited in storage is transported In safety issue.

The content of the invention

In order to solve the above technical problems, the invention provides a kind of liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells charging station, Power network need not be accessed, avoids impacting power network;Directly using wide material sources, energy density is high and storage Transport Safety is high Solid carbon fuel be used as energy source, solve that existing fuel cell charging station is fuel used to be needed to reform auxiliary equipment and storage Deposit transport and the problem of potential safety hazard be present;From liquid metal anode, effectively solves solid carbon fuel with being contacted between solid state electrode The problem of deficiency causes the power of battery to be limited, meet the electrical energy demands of off-grid type charging station.

To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:A kind of liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells Type charging station, including air feeder, SOFC battery piles, liquid metal storage device, liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus, Solid carbon fuel supply system, booster, battery, direct-current charging post, inverter and alternating-current charging pile;

The outlet of the air feeder is connected to the cathode inlet of SOFC battery piles, the liquid metal storage device Outlet be connected to the anode inlets of SOFC battery piles, the anode export of the SOFC battery piles is connected to liquid metal oxide The entrance of reduction apparatus, simultaneously provided with the outlet with solid carbon fuel supply system on the liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus Connected entrance, the outlet of the liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus are connected to the entrance of liquid metal storage device;

The electric energy output end of the SOFC battery piles and the input of booster connect, the output end and storage of the booster The input connection of battery, the output end of the battery and the input of direct-current charging post connect, the output of the booster End is connected by the input of inverter and alternating-current charging pile simultaneously.

Preferably, the liquid metal in the liquid metal storage device is the one or more in lead, antimony, tin, bismuth.

Preferably, the solid carbon fuel in the solid carbon fuel supply system be active coke powder, graphite, carbon black, One or more in coal, biomass carbon.

Preferably, the battery is one kind in lithium battery, lead-acid battery, nickel-zinc cell.

Preferably, the liquid metal oxide in the liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus is reduced to by solid carbon fuel Liquid metal, the solid carbon fuel consumed during this pass through solid carbon fuel supply system regular replenishment.

Preferably, slag-drip opening is provided with the liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus, for removing solid carbon fuel consumption During the impurity such as caused slag, avoid these impurity from being produced during liquid metal recycles to SOFC battery piles Adverse effect.

Pass through above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention provide a kind of direct carbon solid oxide fuel cell of liquid metal anode and filled Power station, it need not access civil power, avoid impacting power network;By using solid carbon as fuel, compared to using methanol, bavin Oil, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas etc. are used as fuel, without reforming auxiliary equipment and storage transportation safety conveniently;Using liquid gold Category is used as anode, effectively solves the problems, such as that solid carbon fuel causes the power of battery limited with contacting deficiency between solid state electrode, battery Performance is good.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structured flowchart of the present invention;

In figure:1st, air feeder;2nd, SOFC battery piles;3rd, liquid metal storage device;4th, liquid metal oxide Reduction apparatus;5th, solid carbon fuel supply system;6th, booster;7th, battery;8th, direct-current charging post;9th, inverter;10th, exchange Charging pile.

Embodiment

Below in conjunction with the brief description of the drawings in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear Chu, it is fully described by, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments. Based on the embodiment in the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained all under the premise of creative work is not made Other embodiment, belong to the scope of protection of the invention.

Referring to Fig. 1, the present invention provides a kind of technical scheme:A kind of liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells type charging Stand, including it is air feeder 1, SOFC battery piles 2, liquid metal storage device 3, liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus 4, solid State carbon fuel supply system 5, booster 6, battery 7, direct-current charging post 8, inverter 9 and alternating-current charging pile 10;

The outlet of the air feeder 1 is connected to the cathode inlet of SOFC battery piles 2, the liquid metal storage dress The outlet for putting 3 is connected to the anode inlets of SOFC battery piles 2, and the anode export of the SOFC battery piles 2 is connected to liquid metal The entrance of oxide reduction apparatus 4, is provided with the liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus 4 simultaneously and the supply of solid carbon fuel fills The entrance that 5 outlet is connected is put, the outlet of the liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus 4 is connected to liquid metal storage device 3 Entrance;

The electric energy output end of the SOFC battery piles 2 is connected with the input of booster 6, the output end of the booster 6 It is connected with the input of battery 7, the output end of the battery 7 is connected with the input of direct-current charging post 8, the booster 6 output end is connected by inverter 9 with the input of alternating-current charging pile 10 simultaneously.

Liquid metal in the liquid metal storage device 3 is lead, the one or more in antimony, tin, bismuth, the solid-state Solid carbon fuel in carbon fuel supply system 5 is active coke powder, graphite, carbon black, coal, one kind in biomass carbon or more Kind, the battery 7 is lithium battery, one kind in lead-acid battery, nickel-zinc cell, the liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus 4 In liquid metal oxide liquid metal is reduced to by solid carbon fuel, the solid carbon fuel consumed during this passes through solid The regular replenishment of state carbon fuel supply system 5, slag-drip opening is provided with the liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus 4, it is solid for removing The impurity such as caused slag in state carbon fuel consumption, avoids these impurity right during liquid metal recycles SOFC battery piles have a negative impact.

The operation principle of the present invention:

During the charging station work, air feeder 1 supplies air, liquid metal storage to the negative electrode of SOFC battery piles 2 Anode supply liquid metal of the cryopreservation device 3 to SOFC battery piles 2;Liquid metal is oxidized to liquid in the anode of SOFC battery piles 2 Liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus 4 is flowed into after state metal oxide;In liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus 4, liquid Metal oxide is reduced to liquid metal by solid carbon fuel;Liquid metal after reduction flows into liquid metal storage device 3 and entered And recycled by SOFC battery piles 2;Direct current caused by SOFC battery piles 2 can be stored in battery 7 after the supercharging of booster 6 It is middle to be used for direct-current charging post 8, it can also be used after inverter 9 is converted into alternating current for alternating-current charging pile 10.

The solid carbon fuel supply system 5 periodically supplements solid carbon fuel to liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus 4, Gu Caused slag is discharged by slag-drip opening set on liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus 4 after state carbon fuel consumption.

Although an embodiment of the present invention has been shown and described, for the ordinary skill in the art, can be with A variety of changes, modification can be carried out to these embodiments, replace without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention by understanding And modification, the scope of the present invention is defined by the appended.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells type charging station, it is characterised in that including air feeder (1), SOFC battery piles (2), liquid metal storage device (3), liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus (4), solid carbon fuel supply dress Put (5), booster (6), battery (7), direct-current charging post (8), inverter (9) and alternating-current charging pile (10);
    The outlet of the air feeder (1) is connected to the cathode inlet of SOFC battery piles (2), the liquid metal storage dress The outlet for putting (3) is connected to the anode inlet of SOFC battery piles (2), and the anode export of the SOFC battery piles (2) is connected to liquid The entrance of state metal oxide reduction apparatus (4), is provided with the liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus (4) and solid carbon simultaneously The entrance that the outlet of fuel supply system (5) is connected, the outlet of the liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus (4) is connected to liquid The entrance of metal storage devices (3);
    The electric energy output end of the SOFC battery piles (2) is connected with the input of booster (6), the output of the booster (6) End is connected with the input of battery (7), and the output end of the battery (7) is connected with the input of direct-current charging post (8), institute State the output end of booster (6) while be connected by inverter (9) with the input of alternating-current charging pile (10).
  2. A kind of 2. liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells type charging station according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute The liquid metal stated in liquid metal storage device (3) is lead, the one or more in antimony, tin, bismuth.
  3. A kind of 3. liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells type charging station according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute The solid carbon fuel stated in solid carbon fuel supply system (5) is active coke powder, in graphite, carbon black, coal, biomass carbon It is one or more.
  4. A kind of 4. liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells type charging station according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute Battery (7) is stated as one kind in lithium battery, lead-acid battery, nickel-zinc cell.
  5. A kind of 5. liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells type charging station according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute The liquid metal oxide stated in liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus (4) is reduced to liquid metal by solid carbon fuel, this mistake The solid carbon fuel consumed in journey passes through solid carbon fuel supply system (5) regular replenishment.
  6. A kind of 6. liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells type charging station according to claim 1, it is characterised in that institute State in liquid metal oxide reduction apparatus (4) and be provided with slag-drip opening.
CN201710589266.8A 2017-07-19 2017-07-19 A kind of liquid metal anode Direct Carbon Fuel Cells type charging station CN107539142A (en)

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102170009A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-08-31 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Solid oxide direct carbon fuel cell stack of tablet bubbling bed
CN102185149A (en) * 2011-04-01 2011-09-14 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Compact flat-plate solid oxide direct carbon fuel cell stack
CN104022545A (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-09-03 沈阳德邦仪器有限公司 Mobile fuel cell charging device
CN104393626A (en) * 2014-07-16 2015-03-04 苏州华清京昆新能源科技有限公司 Distributed solid oxide fuel cell charging station
CN105047969A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-11-11 华中科技大学 Antimony anode direct carbon solid oxide fuel cell stack and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102170009A (en) * 2011-03-29 2011-08-31 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Solid oxide direct carbon fuel cell stack of tablet bubbling bed
CN102185149A (en) * 2011-04-01 2011-09-14 中国华能集团清洁能源技术研究院有限公司 Compact flat-plate solid oxide direct carbon fuel cell stack
CN104022545A (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-09-03 沈阳德邦仪器有限公司 Mobile fuel cell charging device
CN104393626A (en) * 2014-07-16 2015-03-04 苏州华清京昆新能源科技有限公司 Distributed solid oxide fuel cell charging station
CN105047969A (en) * 2015-09-01 2015-11-11 华中科技大学 Antimony anode direct carbon solid oxide fuel cell stack and preparation method thereof

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