CN107535288A - Balloonflower root high yield cultivating method - Google Patents

Balloonflower root high yield cultivating method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107535288A
CN107535288A CN201610476510.5A CN201610476510A CN107535288A CN 107535288 A CN107535288 A CN 107535288A CN 201610476510 A CN201610476510 A CN 201610476510A CN 107535288 A CN107535288 A CN 107535288A
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balloonflower root
seedling
fertilising
liquid
site
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CN201610476510.5A
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申泽民
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申泽民
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Priority to CN201610476510.5A priority Critical patent/CN107535288A/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to Chinese medicine cultivation field, there is provided the cultural method of balloonflower root high yield, can improve balloonflower root per per mu yield, increase economic benefit, to achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:Balloonflower root high yield cultivating method, comprises the following steps, selection of land, site preparation, fertilising, removes subterranean pest-insect, sowing, field management.

Description

Balloonflower root high yield cultivating method
Technical field
The present invention relates to Chinese medicine cultivation field, specifically a kind of balloonflower root cultural method.
Background technology
Balloonflower root belongs to Campanulaceae, and perennial herb, complete stool is smooth, high 40-50 centimetres, has white milk in vivo.Root Loose meat, conico-acuminate or cylinder, crust yellowish-brown or taupe.Stem is upright, top slightly branch.The nearly stockless of leaf, in stem Portion and bottom are given birth to raw or 3-4 impellers, and there is irregular sharp sawtooth at blade ovum shape lanceolar, edge, and upper end leaf is small and narrow, mutually It is raw.Balloonflower root is China's tradition parts of generic medicinal plants, and balloonflower root root effect has the functions such as facilitaing lung, eliminating the phlegm, relieving sore-throat, apocenosis, cures mainly cough The symptoms such as abundant expectoration, abscess of throat, in addition, balloonflower root amount is also very big, it is mainly used in the pickles that lie fallow, is the main medicine of foreign exchange earning One of material.For balloonflower root survival dose about more than 7000 tons, total dosage is close to reach ten thousand tons at present.Balloonflower root is more using kind in production The live cultural method of son, its percentage of seedgermination is low, and the incidence of disease is high in the cultivation of balloonflower root, showing for butt rot easily occurs As shoot survival percent is low, causes balloonflower root to yield poorly, deficiency in economic performance.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide the cultural method of balloonflower root high yield, can improve balloonflower root per per mu yield, increases economic effect Benefit.
To achieve the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:
Balloonflower root high yield cultivating method, comprises the following steps, selection of land, site preparation, fertilising, removes subterranean pest-insect, sows, field management, Harvest and processing:
(1) selection of land, selects that sunny, soil layer is deep, loose fertile, well-drained sand loam, pH value 6-7;
(2) site preparation, fertilising, it is desirable to furrow are done in the thin rake of deep ploughing, leveling, and deep plough soil 50cm, the wide 1.3m of furrow, furrow width 0.3m, every mu 2000-3000kg of farmyard manure, 40-60kg of phosphate fertilizer, 40-50kg of efficient compound fertilizer are applied during site preparation;
(3) subterranean pest-insect is removed, every mu of ground is sprayed while fertilising with 800 times of 1000 times of liquid of orthene, carbendazim liquid Site preparation, while every mu of ground spreads 2kg Furadan pesticide powders in underground;
(4) sow, select the seed of 1-2 years big and full raw balloonflower root knots, autumn sowing carries out  early November knots in 9-October Beam, every mu is had to pass through processing  and is placed in seed in 50 DEG C of warm water with kind of a 1.5kg -1.6kg, artificial direct-seeding, seed, Constantly agitation, and soil, flat son and other impurities are drifted out, after water is cool, then soak 8 hours, wrapped with wet cloth, it is put in 25- 30 DEG C of place, covered with the wet piece of sack above wet cloth, carry out vernalization, filtered once with 35-45 DEG C of warm water punching sooner or later daily, It can be sowed during Seed sprouting after 4-5 days;
(5) field management, it is divided into general management, in good time fertilising and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.
General management, sprayed in after planting 24 hours field mend 1000 times of liquid of herbicide, coordinate standing grain it is resistance to this together, spray front cover grass, When 1 cun of height of seedling, with reference to weeding with a hoe, overstocked seedling is pulled out, when 2 cun of height of seedling, by 2-3 cun of final singlings of spacing in the rows, often in Weeding retentively interior loose no weeds, and play herbicide in time by methods described above, in good time fertilising, balloonflower root are happiness base manure Deep rooted plant, for First Year when 0.5 cun of height of seedling, every mu can apply calcium superphosphate 20kg, ammonium sulfate 12.5kg, and in 7-August part Grow and apply " underground rhizome enlarging agent " imperial 400 times of liquid of wettable powder of biology vigorous season to foliar spray, at interval of spray in 15 days once, It is annual to be no more than three times, Second Year, fertilizer can be imposed within the 3rd year according to the growth of cereal crop seedlings, prevent and treat pest and disease damage, seedling stage main harm is that ground is old Tiger, yellow cutworm, prevented and treated with 90 metrifonate, 1000 times of liquid sprayings during generation;
(6) harvest and process, broadcast rear Second Year, processing can be harvested within the 3rd year, such as doing should sowed then or the using balloonflower root Harvest within 2 years, it is usually to take after 3 years to be such as used for medicinal purpose balloonflower root, and the medicinal content of endoplasm is high, and the excavation time is before spring rudiment or the autumn Season harvests.
Preferably, simple seeder drilling can be used when step (4) is artificial live.
Preferably, the compost of step (4) after planting  sievings or loam cover 1-2cm thickness, light with flat board hoe or plank Pat and beat, make seed solid with soil.
Preferably, in step (5), can be removed in time after emergence according to various regions temperature condition lid straw or sunshade net.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
The present invention improves percentage of seedgermination by carrying out specially treated to seed, effectively clear by the spraying pesticide in site preparation Except subterranean pest-insect and prevent various diseases, such as root rot, shoot survival percent is improved, due to adding cultivation spacing in the rows, and in process In imposed the fertilizer of special preparation, balloonflower root root absorbs that nutrition is more abundant, and balloonflower root root is sturdy, the whole cultivation section of the present invention Learn, be controllable, Chinese medicine GAP related request can be met, the balloonflower root resistance against diseases cultivated is strong, balloonflower root steady quality, and its stem is straight Vertical property is strong, and for every mu of dried food and nuts yield up to 730-780kg, yield is high, has preferable economic benefit.
Embodiment
With reference to specific embodiment, the present invention is further illustrated.
Balloonflower root high yield cultivating method of the present invention, comprises the following steps:
(1) selection of land, selects that sunny, soil layer is deep, loose fertile, well-drained sand loam, pH value 6-7;
(2) site preparation, fertilising, it is desirable to furrow are done in the thin rake of deep ploughing, leveling, and deep plough soil 50cm, the wide 1.3m of furrow, furrow width 0.3m, every mu Farmyard manure 2500kg, phosphate fertilizer 50kg, 40-50kg of efficient compound fertilizer are applied during site preparation;
(3) subterranean pest-insect is removed, every mu of ground is sprayed while fertilising with 800 times of 1000 times of liquid of orthene, carbendazim liquid Site preparation, while every mu of ground spreads 2kg Furadans pesticide powder in underground, can so kill most subterranean pest-insects, can be with Prevent root rot, improve yield;
(4) sow, select the seed of 1-2 years big and full raw balloonflower root knots, autumn sowing is carried out in 9-October, early November Terminate, every mu with kind of a 1.5kg -1.6kg, simple seeder drilling can be used when artificial live.To make emergence neat, seed must Seed must be placed in 50 DEG C of warm water, constantly agitation by processing, and soil, flat son and other impurities are drifted out, treat that water is cool Afterwards, then soak 8 hours, wrapped with wet cloth, be put in 25-30 DEG C of place, covered above wet cloth with the wet piece of sack, carry out vernalization, Filtered once, can be sowed during Seed sprouting after 4-5 days, after planting, with the soil of sieving with 35-45 DEG C of warm water punching sooner or later daily Excrement or loam cover 1-2cm thickness, are gently patted with flat board hoe or plank, make seed solid with soil, improve emergence rate.
(5) field management, it is divided into general management, in good time fertilising and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control.
General management, sprayed in after planting 24 hours field mend 1000 times of liquid of herbicide, coordinate standing grain it is resistance to this together, spray front cover Grass.In order to ensure full stand and healthy seedling, it can in time be removed after emergence according to various regions temperature condition lid straw or sunshade net, treat 1 cun of height of seedling When, with reference to weeding with a hoe, overstocked seedling is pulled out, when 2 cun of height of seedling, by 2-3 cun of final singlings of spacing in the rows, frequent tillage and weeding is protected Loose no weeds in ground are held, and herbicide is played in time by methods described above, artificial input is reduced, reduces production cost.It is suitable When apply fertilizer, balloonflower root is the deep rooted plant for liking base manure, and for First Year when 0.5 cun of height of seedling, every mu can apply calcium superphosphate 20kg, ammonium sulfate 12.5kg, and grown in 7-August part and apply the imperial 400 times of liquid of wettable powder of " underground rhizome enlarging agent " biology vigorous season to blade face Spraying, it is at interval of spray in 15 days once, annual to be no more than three times, Second Year, fertilizer can be imposed according to the growth of cereal crop seedlings within the 3rd year.Prevent and treat disease pest Evil, seedling stage main harm are cutworm, yellow cutworm, are prevented and treated with 90 metrifonate, 1000 times of liquid sprayings during generation.
(6) harvest and process, broadcast rear Second Year, processing can be harvested within the 3rd year.Such as doing should be in sowing then using balloonflower root Or Second Year harvest, because now rhizome is Fresh & Tender in Texture, no lignifying takes pine in good time according to the quality standard of market businessman Producer's scene processing, it is usually to take after 3 years to be such as used for medicinal purpose balloonflower root, and the medicinal content of endoplasm is high, and the excavation time is before spring rudiment Or autumn harvest.
The present invention improves percentage of seedgermination, by the spraying pesticide in site preparation, had by carrying out specially treated to seed Effect removes subterranean pest-insect and prevents various diseases, such as root rot, improves shoot survival percent, due to adding cultivation spacing in the rows, and During imposed the fertilizer of special preparation, balloonflower root root absorbs that nutrition is more abundant, and balloonflower root root is sturdy, and the present invention entirely cultivated It is Cheng Kexue, controllable, Chinese medicine GAP related request can be met, the balloonflower root resistance against diseases cultivated is strong, balloonflower root steady quality, its Stem orthostatic is strong, and for every mu of dried food and nuts yield up to 730-780kg, yield is high, has preferable economic benefit.

Claims (1)

1. balloonflower root high yield cultivating method, it is characterized in that comprising the following steps, selection of land, site preparation, fertilising, subterranean pest-insect is removed, is sowed, Field management, harvest and processing:
(1) selection of land, selects that sunny, soil layer is deep, loose fertile, well-drained sand loam, pH value 6-7;
(2) site preparation, fertilising, it is desirable to furrow are done in the thin rake of deep ploughing, leveling, and deep plough soil 50cm, the wide 1.3m of furrow, furrow width 0.3m, every mu 2000-3000kg of farmyard manure, 40-60kg of phosphate fertilizer, 40-50kg of efficient compound fertilizer are applied during site preparation;
(3) subterranean pest-insect is removed, every mu of ground is sprayed while fertilising with 800 times of 1000 times of liquid of orthene, carbendazim liquid Site preparation, while every mu of ground spreads 2kg Furadan pesticide powders in underground;
(4) sow, select the seed of 1-2 years big and full raw balloonflower root knots, autumn sowing carries out  early November knots in 9-October Beam, every mu is had to pass through processing  and is placed in seed in 50 DEG C of warm water with kind of a 1.5kg -1.6kg, artificial direct-seeding, seed, Constantly agitation, and soil, flat son and other impurities are drifted out, after water is cool, then soak 8 hours, wrapped with wet cloth, it is put in 25- 30 DEG C of place, covered with the wet piece of sack above wet cloth, carry out vernalization, filtered once with 35-45 DEG C of warm water punching sooner or later daily, It can be sowed during Seed sprouting after 4-5 days;
(5) field management, it is divided into general management, in good time fertilising and the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, 
General management, sprayed in after planting 24 hours field mend 1000 times of liquid of herbicide, coordinate standing grain it is resistance to this together, spray front cover grass, When 1 cun of height of seedling, with reference to weeding with a hoe, overstocked seedling is pulled out, when 2 cun of height of seedling, by 2-3 cun of final singlings of spacing in the rows, often in Weeding retentively interior loose no weeds, and play herbicide in time by methods described above, in good time fertilising, balloonflower root are happiness base manure Deep rooted plant, for First Year when 0.5 cun of height of seedling, every mu can apply calcium superphosphate 20kg, ammonium sulfate 12.5kg, and in 7-August part Grow and apply " underground rhizome enlarging agent " imperial 400 times of liquid of wettable powder of biology vigorous season to foliar spray, at interval of spray in 15 days once, It is annual to be no more than three times, Second Year, fertilizer can be imposed within the 3rd year according to the growth of cereal crop seedlings, prevent and treat pest and disease damage, seedling stage main harm is that ground is old Tiger, yellow cutworm, prevented and treated with 90 metrifonate, 1000 times of liquid sprayings during generation.
CN201610476510.5A 2016-06-27 2016-06-27 Balloonflower root high yield cultivating method Pending CN107535288A (en)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108094097A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-06-01 界首市果子林电子商务有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for Plain campanulaceae
CN109429928A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-03-08 山东中医药大学 A kind of cultivation management method for reducing campanulaceae pest and disease damage and occurring

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108094097A (en) * 2017-12-15 2018-06-01 界首市果子林电子商务有限公司 A kind of implantation methods for Plain campanulaceae
CN109429928A (en) * 2018-12-13 2019-03-08 山东中医药大学 A kind of cultivation management method for reducing campanulaceae pest and disease damage and occurring

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Application publication date: 20180105