CN107512971A - A kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material - Google Patents

A kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107512971A
CN107512971A CN201710822773.1A CN201710822773A CN107512971A CN 107512971 A CN107512971 A CN 107512971A CN 201710822773 A CN201710822773 A CN 201710822773A CN 107512971 A CN107512971 A CN 107512971A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
biomass carbon
bacteria residue
vermiculite
rice
raw
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710822773.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
白怀瑾
付兴国
田然
张晓楠
张少明
李永杰
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Beijing Three Green Energy Technology Co Ltd
Beijing SJ Environmental Protection and New Material Co Ltd
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Beijing Three Green Energy Technology Co Ltd
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201710822773.1A priority Critical patent/CN107512971A/en
Publication of CN107512971A publication Critical patent/CN107512971A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • C05G3/60Biocides or preservatives, e.g. disinfectants, pesticides or herbicides; Pest repellants or attractants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The present invention relates to soilless culture field, a kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material is disclosed, including volume ratio is 67:1:23 bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite, in addition to account for 0.8 1.5% pyrolkigneous liquid of the bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite gross mass.The preparation method using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as the rice matrix of raw material is additionally provided simultaneously.The present invention solves nursery in the prior art or cultivation matrix because chemical fertilizer fertility is larger, easily cause seedling growth slowly, yellow leaf, wilt even " burn seedlings " the defects of.The rice base starting material wide material sources of the present invention, it is cheap, easily obtain, manufacture craft is simple, easily implements, while can significantly improve the height of seedling of rice shoot, and stem foot is wide and radical amount, promotes the development of rice shoot.

Description

A kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material
Technical field
The present invention relates to soilless culture field, and in particular to a kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material.
Background technology
Rice occupies extremely important status in China's Farming system, and its cultivated area and total output account for three respectively The 38% and 45% of big staple food crop (rice, wheat and corn).In recent years, with the progress of science and technology and the leather of technology Newly, rice mechanization seedling-cultivation technique has obtained a wide range of under the joint efforts of National agricultural department and regional technology centre for spreading Application.
Pipeline system hard disk seedling planting is the core technology of raising rice seedlings machineryization, and the conventional method of raising seedling of machine transplanting of rice rice is To be cultivated using the table soil of curing as bed soil for raising seedlings, bed soil consumption is big, and general every mu of rice shoot needs 100kg bed soil, The table soil taken will also by mechanical crushing, sieve, could be used after the processing such as foster and apply fertilizer, operation link labor intensity is big, operates It is lack of standardization, hamper the popularization of new technology.
With the factors such as adjustment of the agricultural sector of China to pattern of farming and the transformation of people's lives mode, agricultural wastes Increasingly increase, but the cycling and reutilization rate of discarded object is not high, causes the problem of disharmony of rural area, agricultural, resource and environment It is on the rise.For example, the development of scale and the batch production with edible mushroom industry, causes the quantity of bacteria residue also to increased dramatically, The not scientific application of bacteria residue resource and discarding, cause the wasting of resources, environmental pollution, influence the physical and mental health of people.Equally, exist Agriculturally, the quantity of agricultural crop straw is similarly huge, is generally all to carry out burning electricity generation on the problem of handling stalk, or The Zhe Cun sides edge of a field arbitrarily abandons, and very little part is used as the feed of cattle and sheep.These processing methods all less rationally, are burned substantially Generate electricity and arbitrarily abandon the pollution that can all cause environment, makees feed again using few.
Chinese patent CN103130548A discloses one kind using antibiotic bacterium dregs production nursery or cultivation matrix and preparation Method, its primary raw material include bacteria residue fermentate, chemical fertilizer, turf and vermiculite or perlite.Specific preparation method includes the first step Bacteria residue is fermented, and second step is matched above-mentioned bacteria residue fermentate, turf, chemical fertilizer and perlite or vermiculite by certain volume, adjusts PH It is worth for 6.9-7.4, obtains nursery or cultivation matrix.
Generally it is to provide nutrient by adding chemical fertilizer for the growth of plant in agricultural production, but plant growth initial stage The more ripe plant of seedling it is fragile, the fertility of traditional fertilizer is higher, easily cause seedling growth slowly, yellow leaf, wilting Even " burn seedlings ", so as to have a strong impact on the growth rate of rice shoot and survival rate.Other turf belongs to non-renewable resources and by ground Domain limits, and adds the cost for preparing matrix.
The content of the invention
Therefore, the technical problem to be solved in the present invention be nursery in the prior art or cultivation matrix because chemical fertilizer fertility is larger, Easily cause seedling growth slowly, yellow leaf, wilt even " burn seedlings " the defects of.And then provide a kind of rice shoot survival rate it is high and Economic and practical seedling medium.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, including volume ratio is 6-7:1:2-3 bacteria residue, biology Matter charcoal and vermiculite, in addition to account for the 0.8-1.5% of the bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite gross mass pyrolkigneous liquid.
Preferably, the volume ratio of the bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite is 7:1:2.
Preferably, the pyrolkigneous liquid accounts for the 1.0% of the bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite gross mass.
Preferably, the solid product that the biomass carbon is generated by stalk after hot cracked.
Preferably, the liquid product that the pyrolkigneous liquid is generated by stalk after hot cracked.
Preferably, the vermiculite is gardening vermiculite.
Preferably, the vermiculite particle diameter is 2-5mm.
Preferably, the preparation method using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as the rice matrix of raw material comprises the following steps:
(1) waste mushroom stick dries after removing polybag, and it is 10%-15% to make its water content, and it is 1-3mm to be crushed to particle diameter, makees It is standby for bacteria residue.
(2) bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite of the step (1) are pressed into required volume proportion to mix, adds aequum Pyrolkigneous liquid be well mixed, be made the rice matrix.
The above-mentioned technical proposal of the present invention has advantages below compared with prior art:
The rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material described in the embodiment of the present invention, including bacteria residue, biomass carbon, Vermiculite and pyrolkigneous liquid.The collective effect of bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite provides the organic matter needed for growth to rice culture, micro- Secondary element.The raw materials used wide material sources of rice matrix are made using bacteria residue and biomass carbon, it is cheap, easily obtain, make work Skill is simple, easily implements.The growth of rice, while nematode, disease effectively in control incubation can be effectively facilitated using pyrolkigneous liquid Opportunistic pathogen and it is viral must endanger, our experiments show that, the matrix for being formulated to obtain using the application can significantly improve the height of seedling of rice shoot, Stem foot is wide and radical amount, promotes the development of rice shoot.
Embodiment
In order that the object, technical solutions and advantages of the present invention are clearer, the reality below in conjunction with accompanying drawing to the present invention The mode of applying is described in further detail.
The present invention can be embodied in many different forms, and should not be construed as limited to embodiment set forth herein. Conversely, there is provided these embodiments so that the disclosure will be thorough and complete, and the design of the present invention will be fully conveyed to Those skilled in the art, the present invention will only be defined by the appended claims.
Bacteria residue, biomass carbon, vermiculite and the pyrolkigneous liquid used in the application formula can also can be showed to be commercially available by use There is technique to be prepared, for ease of comparing, the bacteria residue be culturing edible fungus after caused waste bacterial slag, the biomass carbon It is made with pyrolkigneous liquid by stalk is hot cracked;In addition, the gardening vermiculite that it is 2-5mm that the vermiculite, which is particle diameter,.
Embodiment 1
The present embodiment provides a kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, including 70m3Bacteria residue, 10m3's Biomass carbon and 20m3Vermiculite, and account for the pyrolkigneous liquid of the bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite gross mass 1%.
The preparation method of rice matrix includes in the present embodiment,
(1) waste mushroom stick dries after removing polybag, and it is 13% to make its water content, and it is 1-3mm to be crushed to particle diameter, as bacteria residue It is standby.
(2) bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite of the step (1) are pressed into required volume proportion to mix, adds aequum Pyrolkigneous liquid be well mixed, be made the rice matrix.
Embodiment 2
The present embodiment provides a kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, including 70m3Bacteria residue, 10m3's Biomass carbon and 20m3Vermiculite, and account for the pyrolkigneous liquid of the bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite gross mass 1.5%.
The preparation method of rice matrix includes in the present embodiment,
(1) waste mushroom stick dries after removing polybag, and it is 13% to make its water content, and it is 1-3mm to be crushed to particle diameter, as bacteria residue It is standby.
(2) bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite of the step (1) are pressed into required volume proportion to mix, adds aequum Pyrolkigneous liquid be well mixed, be made the rice matrix.
Embodiment 3
The present embodiment provides a kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, including 70m3Bacteria residue, 10m3's Biomass carbon and 20m3Vermiculite, and account for the pyrolkigneous liquid of the bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite gross mass 0.8%.
The preparation method of rice matrix includes in the present embodiment,
(1) waste mushroom stick dries after removing polybag, and it is 13% to make its water content, and it is 1-3mm to be crushed to particle diameter, as bacteria residue It is standby.
(2) bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite of the step (1) are pressed into required volume proportion to mix, adds aequum Pyrolkigneous liquid be well mixed, be made the rice matrix.
Embodiment 4
The present embodiment provides a kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, including 60m3Bacteria residue, 10m3's Biomass carbon and 30m3Vermiculite, and account for the pyrolkigneous liquid of the bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite gross mass 1%.
The preparation method of rice matrix includes in the present embodiment,
(1) waste mushroom stick dries after removing polybag, and it is 13% to make its water content, and it is 1-3mm to be crushed to particle diameter, as bacteria residue It is standby.
(2) bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite of the step (1) are pressed into required volume proportion to mix, adds aequum Pyrolkigneous liquid be well mixed, be made the rice matrix.
Embodiment 5
The present embodiment provides a kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, including 60m3Bacteria residue, 10m3's Biomass carbon and 30m3Vermiculite, and account for the pyrolkigneous liquid of the bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite gross mass 1.5%.
The preparation method of rice matrix includes in the present embodiment,
(1) waste mushroom stick dries after removing polybag, and it is 13% to make its water content, and it is 1-3mm to be crushed to particle diameter, as bacteria residue It is standby.
(2) bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite of the step (1) are pressed into required volume proportion to mix, adds aequum Pyrolkigneous liquid be well mixed, be made the rice matrix.
Embodiment 6
The present embodiment provides a kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, including 60m3Bacteria residue, 10m3's Biomass carbon and 30m3Vermiculite, and account for the pyrolkigneous liquid of the bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite gross mass 0.8%.
The preparation method of rice matrix includes in the present embodiment,
(1) waste mushroom stick dries after removing polybag, and it is 13% to make its water content, and it is 1-3mm to be crushed to particle diameter, as bacteria residue It is standby.
(2) bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite of the step (1) are pressed into required volume proportion to mix, adds aequum Pyrolkigneous liquid be well mixed, be made the rice matrix.
Experimental example 1
The rice matrix that this experimental example is selected in embodiment 1-6 successively and the rice dedicated substrate plantation water bought on the market Rice, sunshine, water source and management mode all same between planting season.Height of seedling, the stem foot of every group of matrix are wide, radical is with every 50 plants of rice shoots Mean value calculation, the rice seedling growing state at 25 days length of time rice seedlings grow are as shown in table 1.
Table 1
It is significant as the rice matrix of raw material using bacteria residue and biomass carbon that the present invention is can be seen that from the experimental data of table 1 Improve the height of seedling of rice shoot, stem foot is wide and radical amount, improves the speed of growth of rice shoot, promotes the development of rice shoot.
Obviously, above-described embodiment is only intended to clearly illustrate example, and is not the restriction to embodiment.It is right For those of ordinary skill in the art, can also make on the basis of the above description it is other it is various forms of change or Change.There is no necessity and possibility to exhaust all the enbodiments.And the obvious change thus extended out or Among changing still in the protection domain of the invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, it is characterised in that including volume ratio be 6-7:1:2-3's Bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite, in addition to account for the 0.8-1.5% of the bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite gross mass pyrolkigneous liquid.
2. the rice matrix according to claim 1 using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, it is characterised in that the bacterium The volume ratio of slag, biomass carbon and vermiculite is 7:1:2.
3. the rice matrix according to claim 1 using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, it is characterised in that the wooden vinegar Liquid accounts for the 1.0% of the bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite gross mass.
4. the rice matrix according to claim 1 using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, it is characterised in that the biology The solid product that matter charcoal is generated by stalk after hot cracked.
5. the rice matrix according to claim 1 using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, it is characterised in that the wooden vinegar The liquid product that liquid is generated by stalk after hot cracked.
6. the rice matrix according to claim 1 using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, it is characterised in that the vermiculite For gardening vermiculite.
7. the rice matrix according to claim 7 using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material, it is characterised in that the vermiculite Particle diameter is 2-5mm.
8. included according to any described preparation methods using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as the rice matrix of raw material of claim 1-7 Following steps:
(1) waste mushroom stick dries after removing polybag, and it is 10%-15% to make its water content, and it is 1-3mm to be crushed to particle diameter, as bacterium Slag is standby.
(2) bacteria residue, biomass carbon and vermiculite of the step (1) are pressed into required volume proportion to mix, adds the desired amount of wood Vinegar liquid is well mixed, and the rice matrix is made.
CN201710822773.1A 2017-09-13 2017-09-13 A kind of rice matrix using bacteria residue and biomass carbon as raw material Pending CN107512971A (en)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108990757A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-12-14 安徽袁粮水稻产业有限公司 A kind of excellent rice seedling raising ground substance of anti-rice seedling blight
CN109197512A (en) * 2018-10-17 2019-01-15 四川鹤岛农业科技有限公司 A kind of organic culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN110452708A (en) * 2019-09-10 2019-11-15 佛山科学技术学院 A kind of soil conditioner and its preparation method

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CN101926278A (en) * 2010-07-20 2010-12-29 山东农业大学 Formula of grass carbon-substituted type medium for culturing solanaceous fruit vegetable seedlings
CN103168668A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-06-26 王立华 Fruit and vegetable seedling culturing substrate prepared by utilizing agricultural wastes
CN103319251A (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-09-25 贵州省土壤肥料研究所 Spent mushroom substrate tobacco seedling nursery substrate and preparation method thereof
CN103772026A (en) * 2014-01-13 2014-05-07 陈温福 Charcoal-based rice seedling substrate and preparation method thereof
CN104860739A (en) * 2014-02-26 2015-08-26 上海孚祥生物科技有限公司 Biomass charcoal-based soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
CN104860738A (en) * 2014-02-26 2015-08-26 上海孚祥生物科技有限公司 Biomass charcoal-based seedling growing matrix and preparation method thereof
CN105924268A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-09-07 中国水稻研究所 Carbon-based rice seedling raising substrate for rice and preparation method thereof
CN107021829A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-08-08 安徽梅兰园林景观工程有限公司 A kind of succulent improvement matrix and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101926278A (en) * 2010-07-20 2010-12-29 山东农业大学 Formula of grass carbon-substituted type medium for culturing solanaceous fruit vegetable seedlings
CN103168668A (en) * 2012-11-12 2013-06-26 王立华 Fruit and vegetable seedling culturing substrate prepared by utilizing agricultural wastes
CN103319251A (en) * 2013-06-27 2013-09-25 贵州省土壤肥料研究所 Spent mushroom substrate tobacco seedling nursery substrate and preparation method thereof
CN103772026A (en) * 2014-01-13 2014-05-07 陈温福 Charcoal-based rice seedling substrate and preparation method thereof
CN104860739A (en) * 2014-02-26 2015-08-26 上海孚祥生物科技有限公司 Biomass charcoal-based soil conditioner and preparation method thereof
CN104860738A (en) * 2014-02-26 2015-08-26 上海孚祥生物科技有限公司 Biomass charcoal-based seedling growing matrix and preparation method thereof
CN105924268A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-09-07 中国水稻研究所 Carbon-based rice seedling raising substrate for rice and preparation method thereof
CN107021829A (en) * 2017-05-10 2017-08-08 安徽梅兰园林景观工程有限公司 A kind of succulent improvement matrix and preparation method thereof

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108990757A (en) * 2018-07-19 2018-12-14 安徽袁粮水稻产业有限公司 A kind of excellent rice seedling raising ground substance of anti-rice seedling blight
CN109197512A (en) * 2018-10-17 2019-01-15 四川鹤岛农业科技有限公司 A kind of organic culture substrate and preparation method thereof
CN110452708A (en) * 2019-09-10 2019-11-15 佛山科学技术学院 A kind of soil conditioner and its preparation method

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Application publication date: 20171226