CN107509486A - A kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking - Google Patents

A kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107509486A
CN107509486A CN201710860058.7A CN201710860058A CN107509486A CN 107509486 A CN107509486 A CN 107509486A CN 201710860058 A CN201710860058 A CN 201710860058A CN 107509486 A CN107509486 A CN 107509486A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
cabinet
servomotor
straw
transfer roller
crusher
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710860058.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
姜斌
Original Assignee
姜斌
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 姜斌 filed Critical 姜斌
Priority to CN201710860058.7A priority Critical patent/CN107509486A/en
Publication of CN107509486A publication Critical patent/CN107509486A/en

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/005Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like for disintegrating and cutting up bales of hay, straw or fodder
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01FPROCESSING OF HARVESTED PRODUCE; HAY OR STRAW PRESSES; DEVICES FOR STORING AGRICULTURAL OR HORTICULTURAL PRODUCE
    • A01F29/00Cutting apparatus specially adapted for cutting hay, straw or the like
    • A01F29/09Details

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking, including cabinet, the both sides top of the cabinet is respectively equipped with the first servomotor and the second servomotor, and first servomotor and the second servomotor be electrically connected with dsp controller, the madial wall of the output shaft of first servomotor and the second servomotor through cabinet has been respectively fixedly connected with the first transfer roller and the second transfer roller, the both sides bottom of the cabinet is fixedly connected with the 3rd servomotor and the 4th servomotor respectively, the madial wall of the output shaft of 3rd servomotor and the 4th servomotor through cabinet has been fixedly connected with bull stick, the end of the bull stick is fixedly connected on the inwall of cabinet by ball bearing, fixed block is fixedly connected with the bull stick, cutter are threaded with the fixed block;A kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking proposed by the present invention, effectively can carry out crushing cutting to forage.

Description

A kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking
Technical field
The invention belongs to livestock-raising technical field, and in particular to a kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking.
Background technology
Cultivation includes livestock culturing, poultry farming, aquaculture, several major classes of special cultivation.Defined in feeding standard dynamic Thing is under certain condition (growth phase, growing environment, physiological status, level of production etc.) to the requirement of various nutriments. Its expression way is represented with the quantity of the various nutriments supplied needed for daily every animal, or is existed with various nutriments Concentration in Unit Weight represents.It is the important parameter for coordinating livestock and poultry balanced ration and science raising livestock and poultry.In feed Listed by component list is the content of various nutriments in the feeding raw material of variety classes.In order to ensure feeding that animal is searched for food Expect the complete nutrients quality containing defined in feeding standard, just feeding raw material must be carried out to select and arrange in pairs or groups accordingly, That is ration formulation or diet.
As new energy is continually developed, straw utilization turns into one of new project, and boiler spray is right, straw vaporization, at fermentation Reason, straw board, straw-returning, Cao Lei processing enterprises, feed manufacturing family, straw feed factory, pellet processing family, biological electricity Factory, cowboying, sheep raising raising family, straw carbon factory, density board, stalk make the multiple fields such as door, straw charcoal, straw board, feed.Straw Stalk utilizes and huge development potentiality has been shown in many projects.Double-grade disintegrating mill technology, can be quickly by various crops straw Stalk, branch, cotton stalk, corn stalk, wheat straw, straw, peanut seedling, melon seedling corn, sorghum, dried sweet potato, broken soya-bean cake, the nothing such as dry beanstalk Material must manually be embraced;Artificial preprocessing does not need more machine hand to overcome the difficult danger of conventional pulverizer feeding in charging aperture hand feeding Danger, labour cost need only be chosen the shortcomings of too high efficiency is low with rod;Wooden fork turns over mechanical hay grabbing machine entire bundle feeding, mechanization Belt Conveying Machine conveying etc. is various artificial;The material of entire bundle is directly put into cracking cabin outside one meter away from the special coarse crushing storehouse of hedge, passes through stalk Automatic feed, after roughing automatically into pulverizing chamber carry out separating twice range of work 1-30 millimeters, raw material length not by Limitation, it is current domestic state-of-the-art chaff powder process equipment.
The crushing of feedstuff is a very important link in feed manufacturing, can increase unit mass original by crushing Expect the big total surface area of particle, increase solubility of the feed nutrient in animal digestive juice, improve the digestibility of animal;Meanwhile The small complexity and final product quality on subsequent handling (such as pelletizing) for crushing raw material granularity suffers from very important influence. Moreover, the size of grinding particle size directly affects production cost, when producing powdery compound feed, the power consumption of pulverizing process is about The 50%~70% of total power consumption.Grinding particle size is smaller, is more advantageous to animal digestion absorption, is also more advantageous to pelletize, but simultaneously electric Consumption can accordingly increase, and vice versa.The annual crushing and processing total amount in China is up to more than 200,000,000 tons.Feed grinder is as feed industry Main equipment, the formation to feeding quality, the price of deed, feed manufacturing cost is a key factor.So rightly grasp Crushing technology, from appropriate mill type it is the problem of Feed Manufacturing is very important.
At present, feed used in livestock-raising is mostly the forages such as agricultural crop straw and herbage, and forage is being used it It is preceding to need to carry out pulverization process to material the crusher for straw, it is necessary to special.But there is existing materials pulverizer rotor to turn Speed is low, it is easy block, the defects of function is single, so substantially reduce the crush efficiency of forage cutting, not only taken but also laborious.Patent is public Cloth number is the A of CN 104907130 invention, discloses a kind of cylindrical crusher for straw, but complicated, costly, And not easy cleaning.
The content of the invention
The invention aims to solve shortcoming present in prior art, and a kind of forage for avoiding blocking proposed Pulverizer.
To achieve the above object, present invention employs following technical scheme:A kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking, including Cabinet, the outside of the cabinet control provided with DSP, and the top of the cabinet is provided with charging aperture, and the upper end of the charging aperture passes through Articulated elements is hinged with capping, and the both sides top of the cabinet is respectively equipped with the first servomotor and the second servomotor, and first Servomotor and the second servomotor are electrically connected with dsp controller, first servomotor and the second servomotor The madial wall of output shaft through cabinet has been respectively fixedly connected with the first transfer roller and the second transfer roller, the both sides bottom difference of the cabinet The 3rd servomotor and the 4th servomotor are fixedly connected with, and the 3rd servomotor and the 4th servomotor control with DSP Device is electrically connected with, and the madial wall of output shaft through the cabinet of the 3rd servomotor and the 4th servomotor has been fixedly connected with Bull stick, the end of the bull stick are fixedly connected on the inwall of cabinet by ball bearing, fixation are fixedly connected with the bull stick Block, cutter are threaded with the fixed block, water pump, and water pump and dsp controller electricity are fixedly connected with the cabinet Property connection, the middle part of the cabinet is provided with shower nozzle, and the outlet part of shower nozzle is through the madial wall of cabinet, the water entering section of the shower nozzle Pipe joint is fixedly connected with, the pipe joint is connected by connecting tube with water pump, and the bottom of the cabinet is provided with feed opening, described The bottom of feed opening is hinged with baffle plate, and the lower end of the cabinet is fixedly connected with support.
Preferably, buckle is provided between the baffle plate and feed opening.
Preferably, the position for cutter being corresponded on the cabinet is hinged with switch gate.
Preferably, double wedge has been fixedly connected with it on first transfer roller and the second transfer roller.
Preferably, first transfer roller and the second transfer roller be in laterally disposed, and between the first transfer roller and the second transfer roller away from From for 5-8cm.
Preferably, handle has been fixedly connected with it on the capping and baffle plate.
Preferably, the cabinet is matrix made of stainless steel material.
Preferably, the water entering section of the shower nozzle is provided with screen pack.
The technique effect and advantage of the present invention:A kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking proposed by the present invention, can be effective Crushing cutting is carried out to forage, and forage can be avoided to be blocked in crushing process, equipment cleaning is simple, cutter Convenient disassembly, the efficiency of increase forage cutting cutting;The present invention is reasonable in design, and simple in construction, cost is cheap, suitable for producing and pushing away Wide application.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the front view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the transfer roller portion top view of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the circuit link block schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure:1 cabinet, 2 charging apertures, 3 cappings, 4 first servomotors, 5 second servomotors, 6 first transfer rollers, 7 second Transfer roller, 8 the 3rd servomotors, 9 the 4th servomotors, 10 bull sticks, 11 ball bearings, 12 fixed blocks, 13 cutter, 14 water pumps, 15 shower nozzles, 16 pipe joints, 17 connecting tubes, 18DSP controllers, 19 feed openings, 20 baffle plates, 21 supports, 22 buckles, 23 switch gates, 24 double wedges, 25 handles.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiment is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.Herein Described specific embodiment only to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, The every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to this hair The scope of bright protection.
The invention provides a kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking as Figure 1-4, including cabinet 1, the cabinet 1 Outside be provided with DSP control 18, the top of the cabinet 1 is provided with charging aperture 2, and the upper end of the charging aperture 2 is cut with scissors by articulated elements Capping 3 is connected to, the both sides top of the cabinet 1 is respectively equipped with the first servomotor 4 and the second servomotor 5, and the first servo The servomotor 5 of motor 4 and second is electrically connected with dsp controller 18, the servomotor 5 of the first servomotor 4 and second The madial wall of output shaft through cabinet 1 be respectively fixedly connected with the first transfer roller 6 and the second transfer roller 7, under the both sides of the cabinet 1 Portion is fixedly connected with the 3rd servomotor 8 and the 4th servomotor 9 respectively, and the 3rd servomotor 8 and the 4th servomotor 9 are equal It is electrically connected with dsp controller 18, the output shaft of the 3rd servomotor 8 and the 4th servomotor 9 passes through the inner side of cabinet 1 Wall has been fixedly connected with bull stick 10, and the end of the bull stick 10 is fixedly connected on the inwall of cabinet 1 by ball bearing 11, described Fixed block 12 is fixedly connected with bull stick 10, is threaded with cutter 13 on the fixed block 12, it is fixed on the cabinet 1 to connect Water pump 14 being connected to, and water pump 14 is electrically connected with dsp controller 18, the middle part of the cabinet 1 is provided with shower nozzle 15, and shower nozzle 15 Outlet part passes through the madial wall of cabinet 1, and the water entering section of the shower nozzle 15 is fixedly connected with pipe joint 16, and the pipe joint 16 passes through Connecting tube 17 is connected with water pump 14, and the bottom of the cabinet 1 is provided with feed opening 19, and the bottom of the feed opening 19 is hinged with baffle plate 20, the lower end of the cabinet 1 is fixedly connected with support 21.
Specifically, being provided with buckle 22 between the baffle plate 20 and feed opening 19, it is easy to fixed dam 20.
Specifically, the position that cutter 13 are corresponded on the cabinet 1 is hinged with switch gate 23, it is convenient to clean inside cabinet 1.
Specifically, the transfer roller 7 of the first transfer roller 6 and second is in laterally disposed, and between the first transfer roller 6 and the second transfer roller 7 Distance be 5-8cm, be fixedly connected with double wedge 24 on the transfer roller 7 of the first transfer roller 6 and second, be easy to extrude forage.
Specifically, being fixedly connected with handle 25 on the capping 3 and baffle plate 20, it is easy to open.
Specifically, the cabinet 1 is matrix made of stainless steel material, avoid getting rusty.
Specifically, the water entering section of the shower nozzle 15 is provided with screen pack, debris is avoided enter into.
Operation principle:When in use, forage is put into from the charging aperture 2 of cabinet 1, starts the first servomotor 4 and second Servomotor 5 drives the first transfer roller 6 and the second transfer roller 7 to rotate, and forage is extruded so that forage structure becomes soft, just In follow-up cutting, the forage by extruding turns into feed, cutter 13 and the spiral shell of fixed block 12 after the cutting of cutter 13 Line is connected, and easy to disassemble and cleaning, while being cut, water pump 14 is operated, and water is sprayed into cabinet 1 by shower nozzle 15 Portion, avoid causing forage to block, and can clean inside cabinet 1, it is convenient and practical.
Finally it should be noted that:The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, Although the present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for those skilled in the art, it still may be used To be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or equivalent substitution is carried out to which part technical characteristic, Within the spirit and principles of the invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included in the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking, including cabinet (1), it is characterised in that:The outside of the cabinet (1) is provided with DSP controls (18), and the top of the cabinet (1) is provided with charging aperture (2), and the upper end of the charging aperture (2) is hinged by articulated elements There is capping (3), the both sides top of the cabinet (1) is respectively equipped with the first servomotor (4) and the second servomotor (5), and One servomotor (4) and the second servomotor (5) are electrically connected with dsp controller (18), first servomotor (4) and The madial wall of the output shaft of second servomotor (5) through cabinet (1) has been respectively fixedly connected with the first transfer roller (6) and the second transfer roller (7), the both sides bottom of the cabinet (1) is fixedly connected with the 3rd servomotor (8) and the 4th servomotor (9), and respectively Three servomotors (8) and the 4th servomotor (9) are electrically connected with dsp controller (18), the 3rd servomotor (8) and The madial wall of the output shaft of 4th servomotor (9) through cabinet (1) has been fixedly connected with bull stick (10), the bull stick (10) End is fixedly connected on the inwall of cabinet (1) by ball bearing (11), and fixed block is fixedly connected with the bull stick (10) (12) cutter (13), are threaded with the fixed block (12), water pump (14) is fixedly connected with the cabinet (1), and Water pump (14) and dsp controller (18) are electrically connected with, the middle part of the cabinet (1) is provided with shower nozzle (15), and shower nozzle (15) go out Water portion passes through the madial wall of cabinet (1), and the water entering section of the shower nozzle (15) is fixedly connected with pipe joint (16), the pipe joint (16) it is connected by connecting tube (17) with water pump (14), the bottom of the cabinet (1) is provided with feed opening (19), the feed opening (19) bottom is hinged with baffle plate (20), and the lower end of the cabinet (1) is fixedly connected with support (21).
A kind of 2. crusher for straw for avoiding blocking according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The baffle plate (20) and under Buckle (22) is provided between material mouth (19).
A kind of 3. crusher for straw for avoiding blocking according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cabinet (1) on pair The position of cutter (13) is answered to be hinged with switch gate (23).
A kind of 4. crusher for straw for avoiding blocking according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First transfer roller (6) With double wedge (24) has been fixedly connected with the second transfer roller (7).
A kind of 5. crusher for straw for avoiding blocking according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First transfer roller (6) It is in laterally disposed with the second transfer roller (7), and the distance between the first transfer roller (6) and the second transfer roller (7) are 5-8cm.
A kind of 6. crusher for straw for avoiding blocking according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The capping (3) and gear Handle (25) has been fixedly connected with plate (20).
A kind of 7. crusher for straw for avoiding blocking according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cabinet (1) is not Become rusty matrix made of Steel material.
A kind of 8. crusher for straw for avoiding blocking according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Shower nozzle (15) are entered Water portion is provided with screen pack.
CN201710860058.7A 2017-09-21 2017-09-21 A kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking CN107509486A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710860058.7A CN107509486A (en) 2017-09-21 2017-09-21 A kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710860058.7A CN107509486A (en) 2017-09-21 2017-09-21 A kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107509486A true CN107509486A (en) 2017-12-26

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ID=60725898

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710860058.7A CN107509486A (en) 2017-09-21 2017-09-21 A kind of crusher for straw for avoiding blocking

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107509486A (en)

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108200813A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-26 宜昌市汇宜兴新能源科技有限公司 A kind of modified livestock-raising device
CN109168676A (en) * 2018-08-28 2019-01-11 京山俊平机电科技有限公司 A kind of secondary forming machine of environment-friendly type stalk crushing
CN109618694A (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-04-16 钱巍 A kind of efficient herbage pulverizer
CN111038702A (en) * 2020-01-14 2020-04-21 聂章银 Solar energy power generation formula agricultural sprinkling irrigation unmanned aerial vehicle

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108200813A (en) * 2018-01-10 2018-06-26 宜昌市汇宜兴新能源科技有限公司 A kind of modified livestock-raising device
CN109168676A (en) * 2018-08-28 2019-01-11 京山俊平机电科技有限公司 A kind of secondary forming machine of environment-friendly type stalk crushing
CN109618694A (en) * 2018-12-04 2019-04-16 钱巍 A kind of efficient herbage pulverizer
CN111038702A (en) * 2020-01-14 2020-04-21 聂章银 Solar energy power generation formula agricultural sprinkling irrigation unmanned aerial vehicle

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