CN107507120A - A kind of shared bicycle monitoring and managing method based on block chain - Google Patents

A kind of shared bicycle monitoring and managing method based on block chain Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN107507120A
CN107507120A CN201710746320.5A CN201710746320A CN107507120A CN 107507120 A CN107507120 A CN 107507120A CN 201710746320 A CN201710746320 A CN 201710746320A CN 107507120 A CN107507120 A CN 107507120A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
car
block chain
private key
bicycle
transaction
Prior art date
Application number
CN201710746320.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
阚海斌
张弘弛
文捷
刘百祥
向望
华正皓
吴小川
Original Assignee
复旦大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 复旦大学 filed Critical 复旦大学
Priority to CN201710746320.5A priority Critical patent/CN107507120A/en
Publication of CN107507120A publication Critical patent/CN107507120A/en

Links

Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q50/00Systems or methods specially adapted for specific business sectors, e.g. utilities or tourism
    • G06Q50/30Transportation; Communications
    • GPHYSICS
    • G06COMPUTING; CALCULATING; COUNTING
    • G06QDATA PROCESSING SYSTEMS OR METHODS, SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES; SYSTEMS OR METHODS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR ADMINISTRATIVE, COMMERCIAL, FINANCIAL, MANAGERIAL, SUPERVISORY OR FORECASTING PURPOSES, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • G06Q30/00Commerce, e.g. shopping or e-commerce
    • G06Q30/06Buying, selling or leasing transactions
    • G06Q30/0645Rental, i.e. leasing
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H04ELECTRIC COMMUNICATION TECHNIQUE
    • H04LTRANSMISSION OF DIGITAL INFORMATION, e.g. TELEGRAPHIC COMMUNICATION
    • H04L9/00Cryptographic mechanisms or cryptographic arrangements for secret or secure communication
    • H04L9/32Cryptographic mechanisms or cryptographic arrangements for secret or secure communication including means for verifying the identity or authority of a user of the system or for message authentication, e.g. authorization, entity authentication, data integrity or data verification, non-repudiation, key authentication or verification of credentials
    • H04L9/3236Cryptographic mechanisms or cryptographic arrangements for secret or secure communication including means for verifying the identity or authority of a user of the system or for message authentication, e.g. authorization, entity authentication, data integrity or data verification, non-repudiation, key authentication or verification of credentials using cryptographic hash functions

Abstract

The invention belongs to technical field of distributed memory, specially a kind of shared bicycle monitoring and managing method based on block chain.The substance of the present invention:Block platform chain is built by operator, is responsible for generation block chain;One private key is set to each car, forms an account;This private key HASH public keys generated are attached on shared bicycle, are combined with the Quick Response Code of existing payment;By means of garage it is to form a special transaction for barcode scanning each time, the transaction is present in block chain;Record and can be found by the private key of oneself for being hired a car by means of car person;Rental history for each bicycle is found by private key unblock corresponding to the bicycle.The inventive method, which can preferably track and disclose whole bicycle, uses process, it is ensured that shared bicycle is parked in place, and management is monitored to malicious user.

Description

A kind of shared bicycle monitoring and managing method based on block chain

Technical field

The invention belongs to technical field of distributed memory, and in particular to a kind of shared bicycle monitoring party based on block chain Method.

Background technology

Distributed memory system, it is to disperse to be stored in more independent equipment by data.Block chain, it is a kind of computer The fusion product in each field, mainly distributed memory system merge with cryptography.So-called block chain, refers to certain data Block is deposited within a block with tree structure, and then block forms chain and is distributed on more autonomous devices.Wherein data block, block The product that unblock has used cryptography is formed, enhances security performance.

And shared bicycle enters the people visual field also less than 1 year, domestic tens cities are spread all over, also in geometric Expansion.《Shared bicycle market intelligence in 2016》It has been shown that, ended for the end of the year 2016, the shared bicycle market entirety number of users of China Amount has reached 18,860,000, it is contemplated that this year, this numeral was up to 50,000,000.

Gone on a journey using shared bicycle, both low-carbon environment-friendly, but it is convenient cheap.But many problems also occurs in shared bicycle, disorderly Stop leaving about, directly ride go home and and many uncivil phenomenons such as destroyed also emerge in an endless stream.So need the prison for more having dynamics Pipe.

The content of the invention

It is an object of the invention to the confusion for current shared bicycle, there is provided one kind can be to cash pledge, use and position The shared bicycle monitoring and managing method effectively supervised.

Shared bicycle monitoring and managing method provided by the invention, it is based on block chain technology, i.e., for sharing leasing for bicycle Record and cash pledge etc., are managed using block chain technology, will each time be leased and be regarded a transaction as and be stored in block chain.Borrow The technical advantage of block chain, for sharing the cash pledge of bicycle, being supervised using with position.

Using block chain technology, the service life of each car can be easily recorded, and record security is convenient, will not be by Stranger distorts easily.Compared to prior art, the more efficient security for ensuring shared bicycle, prevent from being tampered, in addition can be with The behavior of Normalization rule person.

Shared bicycle monitoring and managing method proposed by the present invention based on block chain, its basic step include:(1)By operator structure Block platform chain is built, is responsible for generation block chain,(2)One private key is set to each car, forms an account;(3)By this The public key of private key HASH generations is attached on shared bicycle, is combined with the Quick Response Code of existing payment;(4)Borrowed for barcode scanning each time Garage is to form a special transaction, and the transaction is present in block chain;(5)For oneself can be passed through by means of car person record of hiring a car Private key find;(6)Rental history for each bicycle is found by private key unblock corresponding to the bicycle.

Specific manipulation flow is as follows:

(1)First, block platform chain is built by operator, is responsible for generation block chain, safeguards and generate new block;What is generated is new Block is sent in whole network, and the network is P2P frameworks, and each node is a collection program, is used wherein including when merchandising Public key sets and routing program, part also include block chain data set;Then these identical nodes connect to form the network; Operator can be referred to as bicycle address, private key is managed by operator oneself to private key corresponding to the generation of each bicycle simultaneously;

(2)Each user's registration forms a private key in use, corresponding to the account of oneself, and private key is stored in local off-network, from Net is separated from above-mentioned network, only oneself visible storage point, by being put into again in network node after encrypting generation public key;

(3)For hiring a car, user carries out unlocking request, and address public key is generated by private key, and then user will hire a car request to hand over Easy form is sent to block chain network, allows other users checking to merchandise and be stored in respective block, the witness as transaction; The information so entirely hired a car just is stored among whole block chain network, it is ensured that account data safety;

(4)For car locking, a confirmation message is reissued by vehicle each time comprising a sequence shows that car locking is grasped Make, and the gps positioning of the car, block chain network is sent in the form of transaction, whether checking gps positioning meets code requirement; If not meeting, so record is appointed in transaction, but can be identified, and the trade fair of the mark records as the separated letter of the user.And Rear vehicle can not lock, or the user account can not carry out transaction of hiring a car again, deduct penalty etc..

Shared bicycle monitoring and managing method based on block chain, wherein:

(1)The Transaction Information being stored on block chain is disclosed, so can also be integrated for the transaction record entirely hired a car Get up, facilitate user to check the position of car.It can be taken out corresponding vehicle by the private key of corresponding vehicle and come to car for operator State, service condition.And disclosed information can then bring the site figure as shared bicycle, and recommend etc..

(2)For parking via step for vehicle(4), it can be found that the use to this user, can play control about Shu Zuoyong.Accordingly for those malicious users, it can be traced by behavior and find its trace.Blacklist is formed, helps company Aspect effectively supervises customer group.

The present invention supervises shared bicycle using block chain, and its advantage may be summarized to be:

(1)It can preferably track and disclose whole bicycle and use process;

(2)It may insure that shared bicycle is parked in place;

(3)Management can be monitored to malicious user.

Embodiment

In this embodiment, programming language Java, block chain are the super account books of IBM(hyperledger).Specific implementation is such as Under:

The present invention needs to develop three parts, operating service business, user side and shared bicycle port.

For user, original APP can be used, add the wallet of a storage private key.It is then responsible for providing public key signature i.e. Can.

For sharing bicycle, simply a simple SPV wallet.It mainly deposits key by a light weight wallet, then One routing node is responsible for being connected into entirely shared bicycle network and the various Transaction Informations of generation.

The operating service business of bicycle provides a block platform chain, and dimension is provided by operator substantially for block chain node Shield.The platform can use hyperledger, and a process layer established between block chain and front end is taken with java.It has Body implementation process is as follows.

Car process is borrowed to realize for user:

1st, each bicycle user rents bicycle by the Quick Response Code of the APP scanning bicycles on mobile phone.When scanning through Quick Response Code When, the message is sent to service provider, and service provider first verifies the user dependability, and this needs to use cryptographic verifications.So Afterwards according in block chain the registration confirmed user prestige degree.If trusted users.Service provider return password and A transaction unconfirmed is generated, the public key of the public key and corresponding vehicle that are sended over to storing user in should merchandising.And by this Individual transaction transmission is given in whole network, but each node is not to be immediately stored in node in chain completely, but is put into and is treated Pond is verified, waits further information authentication.If not receiving within 5 minutes checking so abandons the transaction.If can not credit household so Refusal payment, and return and prompt in violation of rules and regulations.

2nd, when bicycle user unlocks corresponding vehicle with password, vehicle sends a confirmation message, and this message has one The information such as mark of driving sequence, the public key above generated comprising bicycle in addition, time, gps positioning.It is propagate directly to network In, when whole network node receives the message, corresponding transaction is searched in pond to be verified, unlocks the transaction simultaneously completion friendship Easily.Then one copy of the transaction creation is written in corresponding block chain by node.

Realized for the car locking process of user:

1st, when bicycle user's car locking, vehicle reissues a confirmation message, and this message has a car locking mark sequence, together Sample includes the information such as the newly-generated public key of bicycle, time, gps positioning.It is propagated among whole network.

2nd, when whole network node receives the message.First have to verify the gps location informations in message, if legal position Put.Search Transactions, and a copy is generated to the transaction, the public key of corresponding user is included, adds this newly-generated bicycle Public key generate a new transaction be then stored into block chain network.Show that a seeervice cycle of this car terminates.If Illegal position, then a record transaction in violation of rules and regulations is generated, is dispersed into whole block chain network and records.

3rd, when user does not have car locking, after 30 minutes usage times.One message of generation is sent to entirely Among network, the record transaction in violation of rules and regulations of generation one, is dispersed into whole during other node verifications that the message package makes containing illegal field Recorded in individual block chain network.

Operating service business is realized to bicycle management process:

The part is mainly that the application on prior art framework is handled.

1st, because company administers the private key of bicycle, corresponding included transaction can be unlocked with private key for block chain, this A little transaction can be by ensuring authenticity with surroundings nodes contrast.And its result is a series of Transaction Informations, for each Bicycle client public key its have the transaction block for having tandem on two times.And can be to determine by the time sequencing of transaction The use experience of one car, by place, rearmost position etc..

2nd, the damage situation for bicycle, it can be the discovery that the user of what public key finally rents by consulting this chain transaction Vehicle is borrowed, then the damage of vehicle, waited just to connect with user in violation of rules and regulations and play supervision effect.And these information are to be difficult to Modification, it is reliable that each transaction suffers from backup confirmation on each node.For example make for some statistical informations of vehicle Dosage, it can also be obtained from region to the transfer amount in another region by this transaction, obtain the behavior of some people indirectly Information.

By above-mentioned specific steps, we can clearly find out.The maximum advantage of block chain is to trace and information collection Experience card.It serves good effect of contraction firstly for the specification of parking of car, when vehicle is to be parked in correct position just In one pairs trade record of generation and block chain.If there is unpaired process in the whole usage record of a car, then exist User.Accordingly for a user, there is a record transaction in violation of rules and regulations in it.Illustrate that it has violation operation to shared bicycle.Remove Outside these points, block chain has good trackability also to carry out checking confirmation for message long ago.And collective If checking then ensure that information security can not change fake whole network is modified.

And the subject matter of shared bicycle is exactly increasing number, disorderly stops to leave about, not by regulation road driving.

In addition in terms of this scheme can be with continuation to credit acquisition.By the record to conventional information of people and retrospect come Evaluate the credit grade of a people.

Claims (2)

  1. A kind of 1. shared bicycle monitoring and managing method based on block chain, it is characterised in that:
    (1)Block platform chain is built by operator, is responsible for generation block chain;
    (2)One private key is set to each car, forms an account;
    (3)This private key HASH public keys generated are attached on shared bicycle, are combined with the Quick Response Code of existing payment;
    (4)By means of garage it is to form a special transaction for barcode scanning each time, the transaction is present in block chain;
    (5)Record and can be found by the private key of oneself for being hired a car by means of car person;
    (6)Rental history for each bicycle is found by private key unblock corresponding to the bicycle.
  2. 2. the shared bicycle monitoring and managing method based on block chain according to claim, it is characterised in that concrete operation step:
    (1)Block platform chain is built by operator, is responsible for generation block chain, safeguards and generate new block;The new block of generation It is sent in whole network, the network is P2P frameworks, and each node is a collection program, wherein including public affairs when merchandising Key collection and routing program, part also include block chain data set;Then these identical nodes connect to form the network;Simultaneously Operator is managed by operator oneself private key, referred to as bicycle address, private key corresponding to the generation of each bicycle;
    (2)Each user's registration forms a private key in use, corresponding to the account of oneself, and private key is stored in local off-network, from Net is separated from above-mentioned network, only oneself visible storage point, by being put into again in network node after encrypting generation public key;
    (3)For hiring a car, user carries out unlocking request, and address public key is generated by private key, and then user will hire a car request to hand over Easy form is sent to block chain network, allows other users checking to merchandise and be stored in respective block, the witness as transaction; The information so entirely hired a car just is stored among whole block chain network, it is ensured that account data safety;
    (4)For car locking, a confirmation message is reissued by vehicle each time comprising a sequence shows that car locking is grasped Make, and the gps positioning of the car, block networking network is sent in the form of transaction, whether checking gps positioning meets code requirement; If not meeting, so record is appointed in transaction, but can be identified, and the trade fair of the mark records as the separated letter of the user.And Rear vehicle can not lock, or the user account can not carry out transaction of hiring a car again, deduct penalty.
CN201710746320.5A 2017-08-26 2017-08-26 A kind of shared bicycle monitoring and managing method based on block chain CN107507120A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710746320.5A CN107507120A (en) 2017-08-26 2017-08-26 A kind of shared bicycle monitoring and managing method based on block chain

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710746320.5A CN107507120A (en) 2017-08-26 2017-08-26 A kind of shared bicycle monitoring and managing method based on block chain

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107507120A true CN107507120A (en) 2017-12-22

Family

ID=60692891

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710746320.5A CN107507120A (en) 2017-08-26 2017-08-26 A kind of shared bicycle monitoring and managing method based on block chain

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107507120A (en)

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108154704A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-12 武汉邮电科学研究院 Wisdom shutdown system and method based on block chain
CN108183959A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-19 深圳市轱辘车联数据技术有限公司 A kind of vehicle sharing method, server and readable storage medium storing program for executing based on block chain
CN108335425A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-07-27 深圳市轱辘车联数据技术有限公司 A kind of information of vehicles processing method and server based on block chain
CN108540483A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-09-14 北京云图科瑞科技有限公司 A kind of apparatus monitoring method and device based on block chain
CN108766020A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-11-06 深圳拍物联科技有限公司 A kind of parking stall sharing method and system based on block chain
CN108846720A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-20 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 For usage record processing method, device, system and the equipment of shared air-conditioning
CN109146618A (en) * 2018-07-30 2019-01-04 杭州复杂美科技有限公司 A kind of collaborative share method and system, computer equipment and storage medium
CN109377434A (en) * 2018-09-11 2019-02-22 厦门城联科技有限公司 A kind of shared bicycle management system based on block chain
CN109461230A (en) * 2018-10-01 2019-03-12 北京洛必达科技有限公司 A kind of block chain information processing system and method
WO2020000685A1 (en) * 2018-06-28 2020-01-02 北京大码技术有限公司 Digital currency payment system, payment method and payment apparatus

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105959387A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-09-21 杭州金通公共自行车科技股份有限公司 Method for public bike system to share network of mobile terminal
CN106846642A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-06-13 深圳欧米智能科技有限公司 Shared bicycle intelligent bicycle lock application method and lock based on designated area parking
CN107010152A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-08-04 罗轶 It is public voluntarily to wrap
CN107045650A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-08-15 罗轶 Net based on block chain about car
CN107093159A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-25 合肥民众亿兴软件开发有限公司 A kind of management system for being used to share bicycle

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105959387A (en) * 2016-06-08 2016-09-21 杭州金通公共自行车科技股份有限公司 Method for public bike system to share network of mobile terminal
CN107045650A (en) * 2016-10-25 2017-08-15 罗轶 Net based on block chain about car
CN107010152A (en) * 2016-11-25 2017-08-04 罗轶 It is public voluntarily to wrap
CN106846642A (en) * 2017-01-23 2017-06-13 深圳欧米智能科技有限公司 Shared bicycle intelligent bicycle lock application method and lock based on designated area parking
CN107093159A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-25 合肥民众亿兴软件开发有限公司 A kind of management system for being used to share bicycle

Cited By (10)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108154704A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-06-12 武汉邮电科学研究院 Wisdom shutdown system and method based on block chain
CN108183959A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-19 深圳市轱辘车联数据技术有限公司 A kind of vehicle sharing method, server and readable storage medium storing program for executing based on block chain
CN108335425A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-07-27 深圳市轱辘车联数据技术有限公司 A kind of information of vehicles processing method and server based on block chain
CN108540483A (en) * 2018-04-23 2018-09-14 北京云图科瑞科技有限公司 A kind of apparatus monitoring method and device based on block chain
CN108846720A (en) * 2018-05-31 2018-11-20 广东美的制冷设备有限公司 For usage record processing method, device, system and the equipment of shared air-conditioning
CN108766020A (en) * 2018-06-04 2018-11-06 深圳拍物联科技有限公司 A kind of parking stall sharing method and system based on block chain
WO2020000685A1 (en) * 2018-06-28 2020-01-02 北京大码技术有限公司 Digital currency payment system, payment method and payment apparatus
CN109146618A (en) * 2018-07-30 2019-01-04 杭州复杂美科技有限公司 A kind of collaborative share method and system, computer equipment and storage medium
CN109377434A (en) * 2018-09-11 2019-02-22 厦门城联科技有限公司 A kind of shared bicycle management system based on block chain
CN109461230A (en) * 2018-10-01 2019-03-12 北京洛必达科技有限公司 A kind of block chain information processing system and method

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
EP3257191B1 (en) Registry and automated management method for blockchain-enforced smart contracts
Gatteschi et al. To blockchain or not to blockchain: That is the question
US20180234433A1 (en) Systems and methods for managing digital identities
Hammi et al. Bubbles of Trust: A decentralized blockchain-based authentication system for IoT
Singh et al. Branch based blockchain technology in intelligent vehicle
Miller et al. Nonoutsourceable scratch-off puzzles to discourage bitcoin mining coalitions
CN104823221B (en) Key technology of sharing based on near-field communication
CN105931485B (en) A kind of shared parking stall reservation uses service system
EP2695354B1 (en) Method and system for authenticating entities by means of terminals
Troncoso et al. Pripayd: Privacy-friendly pay-as-you-drive insurance
CN102307185B (en) Data isolation method used in storage cloud
CN102750494B (en) The method of protected data
CN109417549A (en) The method and apparatus of information proof is provided using centralization or distributed ledger
KR100336259B1 (en) A smartcard adapted for a plurality of service providers and for remote installation of same
US6070171A (en) Method and system for copy-tracking distributed software featuring tokens containing a key field and a usage field
LoPucki Human identification theory and the identity theft problem
CN105612543A (en) Methods and systems for provisioning mobile devices with payment credentials
CN106652232A (en) Bike sharing method and system
CN107622385A (en) A kind of copyright distributing method based on block chain intelligence contract
Zheng et al. An overview on smart contracts: Challenges, advances and platforms
CN101390085B (en) DRM interoperable system
CN103745397A (en) System and method for realizing electronic transaction risk control based on position scene identification
CN103473844B (en) Public affairs are rented a house intelligent control method and system
CN109417479A (en) The rewritable block chain of cryptologic
JP2018055203A (en) Data management system, information processing device, program, data management method, and data structure

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
PB01 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination