CN107500542A - A kind of pottery sky blue glaze and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

A kind of pottery sky blue glaze and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107500542A
CN107500542A CN201710909708.2A CN201710909708A CN107500542A CN 107500542 A CN107500542 A CN 107500542A CN 201710909708 A CN201710909708 A CN 201710909708A CN 107500542 A CN107500542 A CN 107500542A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
parts
pottery
sky blue
glaze
blue glaze
Prior art date
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Withdrawn
Application number
CN201710909708.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王建伟
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Yuzhou City Longshan Jun Porcelain Culture Co Ltd
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Yuzhou City Longshan Jun Porcelain Culture Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710909708.2A priority Critical patent/CN107500542A/en
Publication of CN107500542A publication Critical patent/CN107500542A/en
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Classifications

    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C03GLASS; MINERAL OR SLAG WOOL
    • C03CCHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES OR VITREOUS ENAMELS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF GLASS; SURFACE TREATMENT OF FIBRES OR FILAMENTS MADE FROM GLASS, MINERALS OR SLAGS; JOINING GLASS TO GLASS OR OTHER MATERIALS
    • C03C8/00Enamels; Glazes; Fusion seal compositions being frit compositions having non-frit additions
    • C03C8/14Glass frit mixtures having non-frit additions, e.g. opacifiers, colorants, mill-additions
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/45Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements
    • C04B41/50Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/5022Coating or impregnating, e.g. injection in masonry, partial coating of green or fired ceramics, organic coating compositions for adhering together two concrete elements with inorganic materials with vitreous materials
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C04CEMENTS; CONCRETE; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES
    • C04BLIME, MAGNESIA; SLAG; CEMENTS; COMPOSITIONS THEREOF, e.g. MORTARS, CONCRETE OR LIKE BUILDING MATERIALS; ARTIFICIAL STONE; CERAMICS; REFRACTORIES; TREATMENT OF NATURAL STONE
    • C04B41/00After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone
    • C04B41/80After-treatment of mortars, concrete, artificial stone or ceramics; Treatment of natural stone of only ceramics
    • C04B41/81Coating or impregnation
    • C04B41/85Coating or impregnation with inorganic materials
    • C04B41/86Glazes; Cold glazes

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of pottery sky blue glaze, and it is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:35 47 parts of melilite, 8 12 parts of quartz, 10 14 parts of calcite, 79 parts of white feldspar, 79 parts of sandstone, 0.8 1.2 parts of black wool soil, 46 parts of antimony stone, 24 parts of iron ore, 1.5 2.5 parts of block tin, 8 12 parts of wood ash.The preparation method of described pottery sky blue glaze, comprises the following steps:(1)Mixing is put into ball mill ball milling after above-mentioned raw materials are crushed, and adds the water of mixed material gross weight 32 35%, wet-milling 12 14 hours, the slurry by wet-milling crosses 200 300 mesh sieves and obtains glaze slip;(2)Base substrate glazing;(3)Burn till, firing temperature is 1,250 1300 DEG C.

Description

A kind of pottery sky blue glaze and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to pottery manufacturing technology field, and in particular to a kind of pottery sky blue glaze and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
Ceramics development and the mankind progress have it is close and remote contact, it be human civilization epoch mark.Pottery Pottery in porcelain experienced Tang, Song, member, bright, the clear years baptism, form uniqueness artistic expression, be referred to as national treasure, Rarity, it is world-famous for the transmutation art of uniqueness, an ancient unit of weight kiln of Countermeasure In Yuzhou City of Henan Province is northern celadon kiln system.Different firing works The glaze colours that skill burns out is also different, and glaze during high-temperature fusion by producing gorgeous color change, and reason is mainly in glaze Formula, an important factor at this moment influenceing pottery finished product exogenic color, while be also cause pottery to enter kiln is of the same colour, kiln discharge ten thousand it is color it is crucial because Element.
The species of existing blue glaze is few, and complex manufacturing, and firing is not easy, and has 70% or so during firing Product can be scrapped, and yield rate is low, therefore the waste to raw material is huge, and cost of manufacture is too high.Moreover, the producer is in order to increase at present High finished product rate, it is general to add such as cupric oxide, iron oxide, tin oxide, zinc oxide chemical stain agent or assistant toner, cause to produce The glaze face color arrived is relatively more unified, and color is too vivid, lacks the sense of reality.
The content of the invention
The invention provides novel pottery sky blue glaze of a kind of raw material and proportioning and preparation method thereof, to solve existing pottery The problem of yield rate is low, cost of manufacture is high and manufacture difficulty is high.
The purpose of the present invention is realized with following technical proposals:
A kind of pottery sky blue glaze, it is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:Melilite 35-47 parts, quartzy 8-12 parts, side Solve stone 10-14 parts, white feldspar 7-9 parts, sandstone 7-9 parts, black wool soil 0.8-1.2 parts, antimony stone 4-6 parts, iron ore 2-4 parts, block tin 1.5-2.5 part, wood ash 8-12 parts.
Preferably, described pottery sky blue glaze, it is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:41 parts of melilite, stone 10 parts of English, 12 parts of calcite, 8 parts of white feldspar, 8 parts of sandstone, 1 part of black wool soil, 5 parts of antimony stone, 3 parts of iron ore, 2 parts of block tin, wood ash 10 parts.
The preparation method of described pottery sky blue glaze, comprises the following steps:
(1)Mixing is put into ball mill ball milling after above-mentioned raw materials are crushed, and adds mixed material gross weight 32-35% water, wet 12-14 hours are ground, the slurry by wet-milling crosses 200-300 mesh sieves and obtains glaze slip;
(2)Base substrate glazing;
(3)Burn till, firing temperature is 1250-1300 DEG C.
Preferably, the preparation method of described pottery sky blue glaze, it is characterised in that step(3)Middle firing process specifically includes Following steps:
1. the base substrate after glazing is put into kiln, fired under oxidizing atmosphere, temperature is ramped up 920-980 in 3-5 hours ℃;
2. under strongly reducing atmosphere, temperature is set to be ramped up 1120-1180 DEG C within 5-7 hours;
3. under weakly reducing atmosphere, temperature is set to be ramped up 1250-1300 DEG C within 3-5 hours;Annealing is cooled to room temperature, makes .
Beneficial effects of the present invention are as follows:
Pottery sky blue glaze in the present invention is introducing the several mineral materials such as iron ore and antimony stone and adjustment proportioning by test of many times After, because iron ore and antimony stone contain various other mineral matters, under high-temperature fusion effect, glaze colours integrally presents sapphire only Special efficacy fruit, naturally, color is beautiful, glaze paint jade-like stone moistens color development, a variety of transmutation colors can be presented, yield rate reaches more than 90%, reduces system Make cost, there is very high artistic value and economic value.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of pottery sky blue glaze, is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:Melilite 35-47 parts, quartzy 8-12 parts, calcite 10-14 parts, white feldspar 7-9 parts, sandstone 7-9 parts, black wool soil 0.8-1.2 parts, antimony stone 4-6 parts, iron ore 2-4 parts, block tin 1.5- 2.5 parts, wood ash 8-12 parts.
The preparation method of above-mentioned pottery sky blue glaze comprises the following steps:
(1)Mixing is put into ball mill ball milling after above-mentioned raw materials are crushed, and adds mixed material gross weight 32-35% water, wet-milling 12-14 hours, the slurry by wet-milling cross 200-300 mesh sieves and obtain glaze slip;
(2)Base substrate glazing;
(3)Burn till, firing temperature is 1250-1300 DEG C.
Step(3)Middle firing process specifically comprises the following steps:
1. the base substrate after glazing is put into kiln, fired under oxidizing atmosphere, temperature is ramped up 920-980 in 3-5 hours ℃;
2. under strongly reducing atmosphere, temperature is set to be ramped up 1120-1180 DEG C within 5-7 hours;
3. under weakly reducing atmosphere, temperature is set to be ramped up 1250-1300 DEG C within 3-5 hours;Annealing is cooled to room temperature, makes .
Melilite, white feldspar, calcite and quartz originate from Yuzhou in the present invention.The present invention is with melilite, white length Stone is primary solvent, and melilite dioxide-containing silica is 77% or so, aluminum oxide 13% or so, iron oxide 0.6%, magnesia 0.16%, for melilite because containing more metal, the uranium face color sent is also more.White Silicon Dioxide In The Feldspar is 67% left The right side, alumina content are 17% or so, and iron oxide content is 0.3% or so, includes the calcium oxide and magnesia of certain content, in vain Feldspar has good hacking effect in this formula.Calcite mainly reduces glaze melting temperature, increase glaze colours glossiness and Transparency.The present invention makees skeleton using part sandstone instead of part quartz, can improve the mobility of glaze, both melt glaze, Sagging will not be produced again.Black wool soil aluminium content is higher, has higher plasticity and caking property, plays suspension effect, can improve The texture of glaze.Wood ash plays milkiness effect.Antimony stone and iron ore play main pigmentation, make sky blue color and luster more natural.Tin Block, which serves, main helps glaze slip color development.By the atmosphere and temperature in rational proportion and control sintering process, an ancient unit of weight prepared Porcelain sky blue glaze is in sapphire unique color, moreover it is possible to the decorative effect of the hackings such as net type line, plum blossom line and line in small, broken bits is presented.
Embodiment 2
A kind of pottery sky blue glaze, is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:41 parts of melilite, quartz 10 parts, 12 parts of calcite, 8 parts of Bai Changshi, 8 parts of sandstone, 1 part of black wool soil, 5 parts of antimony stone, 3 parts of iron ore, 2 parts of block tin, 10 parts of wood ash.
The preparation method of above-mentioned pottery sky blue glaze, comprises the following steps:
(1)Mixing is put into ball mill ball milling after above-mentioned raw materials are crushed, and adds the water of mixed material gross weight 35%, wet-milling 14 Hour, the slurry by wet-milling crosses 250 mesh sieves and obtains glaze slip;
(2)Base substrate glazing;
(3)Burn till, comprise the following steps:
1. the base substrate after glazing is put into kiln, fired under oxidizing atmosphere, temperature was ramped up 950 DEG C at 4 hours;
2. under strongly reducing atmosphere, temperature is set to be ramped up 1150 DEG C in 6 hours;
3. under weakly reducing atmosphere, temperature is set to be ramped up 1280 DEG C in 4 hours;Annealing is cooled to room temperature, is made.
Atmosphere in rational proportion and control sintering process is passed through using the pottery sky blue glaze that said ratio and method obtain And temperature, the meeting prepared produces glaze colours and sapphire effect unique is integrally presented, and high yield rate surface glaze layer is cracking Phenomenon, a variety of hacking lines are formed, add the diversity of sky blue glaze, there is very high artistic value and economic value.
Comparative example 1
A kind of pottery sky blue glaze, is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:41 parts of melilite, quartz 10 parts, 12 parts of calcite, 8 parts of Bai Changshi, 8 parts of sandstone, 1 part of black wool soil, 5 parts of antimony oxide, 3 parts of iron oxide, 2 parts of block tin, 10 parts of wood ash.Preparation method is the same as real Apply example 2.This example is compared with Example 2 compared with instead of antimony stone using antimony oxide, iron ore is instead of using iron oxide.Because of oxidation Antimony is purer with iron oxide, and other tenors are few, therefore the color and luster for the pottery sky blue glaze being fired into is dull, unnatural.
Comparative example 2
A kind of pottery sky blue glaze, is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:41 parts of melilite, quartz 10 parts, 12 parts of calcite, 20 parts of Bai Changshi, 8 parts of sandstone, 1 part of black wool soil, 5 parts of antimony stone, 3 parts of iron ore, 10 parts of wood ash.Preparation method is the same as embodiment 2.This The parts by weight of white feldspar compared with Example 2 compared with being increased 20 parts, and block tin is not used, color helped because of no block tin by example The color and luster for the pottery sky blue glaze that effect is fired into is thin, and glossiness is low, because of excessive, the pottery day being fired into using the amount of white feldspar The hacking of blue glaze is excessive, reduces the yield rate of pottery sky blue glaze, and yield rate only has 85% or so.
Comparative example 3
A kind of pottery sky blue glaze, is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:41 parts of melilite, quartz 10 parts, 12 parts of calcite, Red 8 parts of feldspar, 8 parts of sandstone, 1 part of black wool soil, 5 parts of antimony stone, 1 part of iron ore, 2 parts of block tin, 10 parts of wood ash.Preparation method is the same as implementation Example 2.The parts by weight of iron ore compared with Example 2 compared with being reduced to 1 part, and instead of white feldspar using red feldspar by this example.Make The amount of iron ore is very few, and the blueness that the pottery sky blue glaze being fired into shows is dimer, and the glaze that red feldspar makes relatively holds Easily precipitation, the pottery sky blue glaze texture being fired into is poor and hacking lines is unintelligible, and yield rate only has 80% or so.
The formula for the pottery sky blue glaze that 3-26 of the embodiment of the present invention is provided is shown in Table 1-4, and its preparation method is the same as embodiment 2.
Table 1
Table 2
Table 3
Table 4

Claims (4)

  1. A kind of 1. pottery sky blue glaze, it is characterised in that:It is prepared by the raw material of following parts by weight:Melilite 35-47 parts, Quartzy 8-12 parts, calcite 10-14 parts, white feldspar 7-9 parts, sandstone 7-9 parts, black wool soil 0.8-1.2 parts, antimony stone 4-6 parts, iron ore Stone 2-4 parts, block tin 1.5-2.5 parts, wood ash 8-12 parts.
  2. 2. pottery sky blue glaze according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is by following parts by weight raw material prepare and Into:41 parts of melilite, 10 parts of quartz, 12 parts of calcite, 8 parts of white feldspar, 8 parts of sandstone, 1 part of black wool soil, 5 parts of antimony stone, iron ore 3 Part, 2 parts of block tin, 10 parts of wood ash.
  3. 3. a kind of preparation method of pottery sky blue glaze as claimed in claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
    (1)Mixing is put into ball mill ball milling after above-mentioned raw materials are crushed, and adds mixed material gross weight 32-35% water, wet 12-14 hours are ground, the slurry by wet-milling crosses 200-300 mesh sieves and obtains glaze slip;
    (2)Base substrate glazing;
    (3)Burn till, firing temperature is 1250-1300 DEG C.
  4. 4. the preparation method of pottery sky blue glaze as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that step(3)Middle firing process specifically wraps Include following steps:
    1. the base substrate after glazing is put into kiln, fired under oxidizing atmosphere, temperature is ramped up 920-980 in 3-5 hours ℃;
    2. under strongly reducing atmosphere, temperature is set to be ramped up 1120-1180 DEG C within 5-7 hours;
    3. under weakly reducing atmosphere, temperature is set to be ramped up 1250-1300 DEG C within 3-5 hours;Annealing is cooled to room temperature, makes .
CN201710909708.2A 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 A kind of pottery sky blue glaze and preparation method thereof Withdrawn CN107500542A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710909708.2A CN107500542A (en) 2017-09-29 2017-09-29 A kind of pottery sky blue glaze and preparation method thereof

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Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109369152A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-02-22 福建省德化业美陶瓷有限公司 A kind of high intensity is resistance to fall sky blue glaze ceramic and preparation method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109369152A (en) * 2018-12-12 2019-02-22 福建省德化业美陶瓷有限公司 A kind of high intensity is resistance to fall sky blue glaze ceramic and preparation method thereof

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Application publication date: 20171222