CN107494126A - A kind of cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae - Google Patents

A kind of cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107494126A
CN107494126A CN201710760905.2A CN201710760905A CN107494126A CN 107494126 A CN107494126 A CN 107494126A CN 201710760905 A CN201710760905 A CN 201710760905A CN 107494126 A CN107494126 A CN 107494126A
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Prior art keywords
plant
parts
fructus akebiae
greenhouse
soil
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CN201710760905.2A
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Inventor
吴长国
方松
段达祥
张功燕
伍朝友
施永斌
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PUDING COUNTY LYUYUAN SEEDING DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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PUDING COUNTY LYUYUAN SEEDING DEVELOPMENT Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201710760905.2A priority Critical patent/CN107494126A/en
Publication of CN107494126A publication Critical patent/CN107494126A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/005Cultivation methods
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/04Supports for hops, vines, or trees
    • A01G17/06Trellis-work
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D1/00Fertilisers containing potassium
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05DINORGANIC FERTILISERS NOT COVERED BY SUBCLASSES C05B, C05C; FERTILISERS PRODUCING CARBON DIOXIDE
    • C05D9/00Other inorganic fertilisers
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • A01G24/20Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material
    • A01G24/22Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor based on or containing natural organic material containing plant material
    • A01G24/23Wood, e.g. wood chips or sawdust

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae, comprise the following steps:Selection of land is prepared with processing, built, greenhouse seedbed, skewer cuttings selects and processing, hardening, seedling replanting, rich water quality management, pruning promote fruit, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control, harvesting and management with promoting flower;The present invention uses rectangle concrete column to set up melon post setting for material, effectively improves the service life of melon frame, and combines the rich water quality management method of science and promote flower and promote fruit means, effectively improves the fruit bearing rate and fruit quality of Fructus Akebiae;Every branches and tendrils leave 2~3 melons and fruits after Fructus Akebiae fruit harvesting terminates, effectively improve the fruit bearing rate of Fructus Akebiae Second Year, and the plant division of time in the early spring transplants 2 years raw old plant roots above and sprouts the new plant, unnecessary plant is cleaned out while planting range is improved, it ensure that the clear air in plantation is convenient with passing through, promote the good growth of old plant;Implantation methods are efficient and rational, simple and easy, are worthy to be popularized.

Description

A kind of cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae
Technical field
The present invention relates to melon and fruit planting technology field, and in particular to a kind of cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae.
Background technology
Fructus Akebiae also known as August fry, Chinese medicine title " Akebia Fruit ".Belong to the fruit of threeleaf akebia, wild fruit.Because of fruit in August It is ripe cracking and gain the name.Fruit shape is like banana, rich in sugar, vitamin C and 12 kinds of amino acid, and human body can not synthesize figured silk fabrics base acid, Methionine, isoleucine, phenylalanine, lysine etc..Fruity is fragrant and sweet, is free of contamination pollution-free food, the title for having " native banana ". Guizhou, a Hunan generation are distributed in, wherein, lunar calendar Fructus Akebiae ripe opening in the majority with Tongren district Guizhou Province, Hunan Zhangjiajie Mt. Tianzi scenic spot, Wild resource enriches in the foot of a mountain such as Suoxi Valley, Yang Jia circle valley floor, border bushes.For superior wild fruit, scanty drak urine, leaching are cured mainly Turbid, oedema, arthralgia pain due to rheumatism, traumatic injury, alactation, hernia pain, the prolapse of uterus, orchitis, have clearing heat and promoting diuresis, promoting blood circulation logical Arteries and veins, promoting qi circulation and relieving pain and other effects.
Existing Fructus Akebiae is mostly wild fruit, although its value is abundant, yield is seriously low, and supply falls short of demand, existing Some planting technologies not yet provide specific, the efficient a wide range of artificial method for planting of Fructus Akebiae.
The content of the invention
For overcome the deficiencies in the prior art, the artificial growth yield of Fructus Akebiae is improved, the invention provides a kind of August The cuttage implantation methods of melon.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions.
A kind of cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae, comprise the following steps:
A, selection of land and processing:Selection soil layer is deep, fertile, irrigation and drainage are convenient, faintly acid soil on the sunny side makees plantation, the first year Winter falls 30~40cm of soil deeptillage before frost, goes to cut weeds, tree root, spreads the thick sterilizing humus of 2~3cm of last layer;
B, built:In the time early spring in the coming year, 30~40cm is ploughed deeply into soil again, in small, broken bits to level land, excavation specification is 40 ×40×30cm3Pitting, every mu of 400 holes, hole bottom application puts the thick rape cake powder of one layer of 1cm, and hole is other to use cuboid-type Concrete column carries out built, pillar height 2.0m, and post top uses the diameter 1.5cm horizontal and vertical carry out built of coating steel pipe, formed The Fructus Akebiae growing frame of one network structure;
C, prepared by greenhouse seedbed:Be material from galvanized steel, in ventilation, on the sunny side, in smooth vacant lot framework nursery it is big Canopy, canopy is interior to be provided with temperature controller and moisturizing device, and seedbed is provided with greenhouse, and one layer of seedling culture medium is laid on seedbed Matter, 3~5cm of matrix laying depth;Greenhouse is completely covered using plastic sheeting, and at the top of greenhouse and is surrounded by sunshade net, The long 5m of canopy, wide 4m, high 3m;
D, skewer cuttings selects and processing:Growth selection stalwartness, semi-lignified, 1~2 year of no disease and pests harm raw Fructus Akebiae branch It is climing, the branch of 10~12cm length is cut into, is placed in taking root liquid after soaking 12~24h and is dried with aseptic filter paper, by its cuttage Into seedling culture matrix, cuttage 5~7cm of spacing in the rows, humidity 65~80% in greenhouse, 20~25 DEG C of temperature, in bright spring day are kept 5 points to afternoon of at 10 points in the morning pulls on sunshade net, does not need sunshade rainy days;
E, hardening:Hardening treatment is carried out after the survival of skewer cuttage rooting is stable, 1~5d of hardening is first by humid control in greenhouse 50~80%, 20~25 DEG C of temperature, 5~10d of hardening by humid control in greenhouse 40~90%, temperature control 15~ 30 DEG C, the 10d of hardening entirely removes the shade net on greenhouse later, opens greenhouse ventilating opening, keeps clear air in canopy, note Meaning prevents seedling from wrecking;
F, seedling replanting:Fine earth after 5kg organic mixed fertilizers, then one layer of 1cm of bedding first is put in each hole bottom application before transplanting, is treated Fructus Akebiae seedling grow to 20~25cm it is high when transplant into hole, soil will be dug out and backfilled, soil covering seedling root during transplanting 3~5cm of the above, be sure not it is buried, field planting terminate after pour it is permeable;
G, rich water quality management:Seedling survival situation is checked after being colonized 10d, it is found that dead plant is removed and mends cultivation in time, works as children When seedling grows young sprout, it is gently sought connections with melon frame at dusk, and every plant of release rotted pig manure water 1kg, every 4 weeks later are one In the cycle, rotted pig manure water is periodically discharged, depending on watering situation is weather, it is 25~40% to keep plantation soil moisture;
H, pruning promotees fruit with promoting flower:Trimming cuts deadwood, thin and weak branch based on pruning off, allows branches and tendrils climbing to arrive melon frame On, clear air is kept under frame with current convenient, branches and tendrils bloom long fruit when remove unnecessary melon and fruit, every flower stays 2 fruits, and imposes Every plant of 1kg of phosphorus potash fertilizer;
I, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Coordinate tobacco leaf to decoct water spray preventing and treating disease pest with wormwood during dendritic growth and gnaw tender leaf;
J, harvesting and management:It can be plucked when Fructus Akebiae length is ripe to eight to nine points, every plant after annual last time harvesting Retain 2~3 melons and fruits on tendril, and more than 2 years raw plant roots are sprouted to the shoot gone out in the time in the early spring and carry out plant division, move Plant, increase planting range.
Preferably, the humus is the fertile soil and the mixture of humic leaf under the spinney of remote mountains.
Preferably, the seedling culture medium includes 20~25 parts of perlite, 15~20 parts of pine tree sawdust, fertile soil 30~35 Part, 20~25 parts of decomposed cow dung mud.
Further, the seedling culture medium includes 21 parts of perlite, 15 parts of pine tree sawdust, 30 parts of fertile soil, decomposed ox Copropel starches 23 parts.
Preferably, the taking root liquid is that ABT2 root-inducing powders press 1 with sterile clear water:7 ratio is made.
Preferably, the organic mixed fertilizer include 30~35 parts of decomposed dung, 25~30 parts of human and animal excreta, plant ash 15~ 23~27 parts 20 parts, sterilization of fertile soil.
Further, the organic mixed fertilizer includes 35 parts of decomposed dung, 27 parts of human and animal excreta, 15 parts of plant ash, sterilization 25 parts of fertile soil.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:The invention provides a kind of cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae, using life before cuttage Root liquid soaks cuttage fringe, while prepares special seedling culture matrix and cultivate cuttage fringe, improves cuttage survival rate and definite value survival rate; Secondly melon post setting uses rectangle concrete column as material, effectively improves the service life of melon frame, and combine the rich water pipe of science Reason method and rush flower promote fruit means, effectively improve the fruit bearing rate and fruit quality of Fructus Akebiae;After Fructus Akebiae fruit harvesting terminates Every branches and tendrils leave 2~3 melons and fruits, effectively improve the fruit bearing rate of Fructus Akebiae Second Year, and life in 2 years is transplanted in the plant division of time in the early spring The new plant is sprouted in old plant root above, cleans out unnecessary plant while planting range is improved, ensure that kind The clear air in plant garden is convenient with passing through, and promotes the good growth of old plant.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1
A kind of cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae, comprise the following steps:
A, selection of land and processing:Selection soil layer is deep, fertile, irrigation and drainage are convenient, faintly acid soil on the sunny side makees plantation, the first year Winter falls soil deeptillage 38cm before frost, goes to cut weeds, tree root, spreads the thick sterilizing humus of last layer 28cm;
B, built:In the time early spring in the coming year, 38cm is ploughed deeply into soil again, in small, broken bits to level land, excavation specification is 40 × 40 ×30cm3Pitting, every mu of 400 holes, hole bottom application puts the thick rape cake powder of one layer of 1cm, and hole is other to use cuboid-type cement Post carries out built, pillar height 2.0m, and post top uses the diameter 1.5cm horizontal and vertical carry out built of coating steel pipe, forms one The Fructus Akebiae growing frame of network structure;
C, prepared by greenhouse seedbed:Be material from galvanized steel, in ventilation, on the sunny side, in smooth vacant lot framework nursery it is big Canopy, canopy is interior to be provided with temperature controller and moisturizing device, and seedbed is provided with greenhouse, and one layer is laid on seedbed by perlite 21 Seedling culture matrix prepared by 23 parts of part, 15 parts of pine tree sawdust, 30 parts of fertile soil, decomposed cow dung mud hybrid process, matrix paving If thickness 3.5cm;Greenhouse is completely covered using plastic sheeting, and at the top of greenhouse and is surrounded by sunshade net, the long 5m of canopy, width 4m, high 3m;
D, skewer cuttings selects and processing:Growth selection stalwartness, semi-lignified, 2 years of no disease and pests harm raw Fructus Akebiae branches and tendrils, The branch of 10cm length is cut into, is placed on ABT2 root-inducing powders with sterile clear water by 1:Soaked in taking root liquid made of 7 ratio Dried after 12h with aseptic filter paper, by its cuttage into seedling culture matrix, cuttage spacing in the rows 5cm, keep humidity 75% in greenhouse, 25 DEG C of temperature, pull on sunshade net at 5 points to afternoon at 10 points in morning bright spring day, do not need sunshade rainy days;
E, hardening:Hardening treatment is carried out after the survival of skewer cuttage rooting is stable, hardening 1d to 5d is first by humidity in greenhouse Control is 50% to 80%, 20 DEG C to 25 DEG C of temperature, hardening 5d to 10d by humid control in greenhouse 40% to 90%, At 15 DEG C to 30 DEG C, the 10d of hardening entirely removes the shade net on greenhouse temperature control later, opens greenhouse ventilating opening, protects Clear air in canopy is held, pays attention to preventing seedling from wrecking;
F, seedling replanting:5kg first is put by 35 parts of decomposed dung, 27 parts of human and animal excreta, vegetation in each hole bottom application before transplanting Fine earth after organic mixed fertilizer, then one layer of 1cm of bedding made of 15 parts of ash, sterilization 25 parts of hybrid process of fertile soil, treats Fructus Akebiae children Seedling grow to 20cm it is high when transplant into hole, soil will be dug out and backfilled, soil covering seedling root above 5cm, is sure not during transplanting Buried, field planting is poured permeable after terminating;
G, rich water quality management:Seedling survival situation is checked after being colonized 10d, it is found that dead plant is removed and mends cultivation in time, works as children When seedling grows young sprout, it is gently sought connections with melon frame at dusk, and every plant of release rotted pig manure water 1kg, every 4 weeks later are one In the cycle, rotted pig manure water is periodically discharged, depending on watering situation is weather, it is 35% to keep plantation soil moisture;
H, pruning promotees fruit with promoting flower:Trimming cuts deadwood, thin and weak branch based on pruning off, allows branches and tendrils climbing to arrive melon frame On, clear air is kept under frame with current convenient, branches and tendrils bloom long fruit when remove unnecessary melon and fruit, every flower stays 2 fruits, and imposes Every plant of 1kg of phosphorus potash fertilizer;
I, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Coordinate tobacco leaf to decoct water spray preventing and treating disease pest with wormwood during dendritic growth and gnaw tender leaf;
J, harvesting and management:It can be plucked when Fructus Akebiae length is ripe to eight to nine points, every plant after annual last time harvesting Retain 2 melons and fruits on tendril, and more than 2 years raw plant roots sprouted to the shoot gone out in the time in the early spring and carry out plant division, transplant, Increase planting range.
Embodiment 2
A kind of cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae, comprise the following steps:
A, selection of land and processing:Selection soil layer is deep, fertile, irrigation and drainage are convenient, faintly acid soil on the sunny side makees plantation, the first year Winter falls soil deeptillage 40cm before frost, goes to cut weeds, tree root, spreads the thick sterilizing humus of last layer 3cm;
B, built:In the time early spring in the coming year, 40cm is ploughed deeply into soil again, in small, broken bits to level land, excavation specification is 40 × 40 ×30cm3Pitting, every mu of 400 holes, hole bottom application puts the thick rape cake powder of one layer of 1cm, and hole is other to use cuboid-type cement Post carries out built, pillar height 2.0m, and post top uses the diameter 1.5cm horizontal and vertical carry out built of coating steel pipe, forms one The Fructus Akebiae growing frame of network structure;
C, prepared by greenhouse seedbed:Be material from galvanized steel, in ventilation, on the sunny side, in smooth vacant lot framework nursery it is big Canopy, canopy is interior to be provided with temperature controller and moisturizing device, and seedbed is provided with greenhouse, and one layer is laid on seedbed by perlite 25 Part, 20 parts of pine tree sawdust, 35 parts of fertile soil, seedling culture matrix made of 25 parts of hybrid process of decomposed cow dung mud, matrix paving If thickness 5cm;Greenhouse is completely covered using plastic sheeting, and at the top of greenhouse and is surrounded by sunshade net, the long 5m of canopy, wide 4m, High 3m;
D, skewer cuttings selects and processing:Growth selection stalwartness, semi-lignified, 2 years of no disease and pests harm raw Fructus Akebiae branches and tendrils, The branch of 12cm length is cut into, is placed on ABT2 root-inducing powders with sterile clear water by 1:Soaked in taking root liquid made of 7 ratio Dried after 15h with aseptic filter paper, by its cuttage into seedling culture matrix, cuttage spacing in the rows 7cm, keep humidity 80% in greenhouse, 23 DEG C of temperature, pull on sunshade net at 5 points to afternoon at 10 points in morning bright spring day, do not need sunshade rainy days;
E, hardening:Hardening treatment is carried out after the survival of skewer cuttage rooting is stable, hardening 1d to 5d is first by humidity in greenhouse Control is 50% to 80%, 20 DEG C to 25 DEG C of temperature, hardening 5d to 10d by humid control in greenhouse 40% to 90%, At 15 DEG C to 30 DEG C, the 10d of hardening entirely removes the shade net on greenhouse temperature control later, opens greenhouse ventilating opening, protects Clear air in canopy is held, pays attention to preventing seedling from wrecking;
F, seedling replanting:5kg first is put by 35 parts of decomposed dung, 30 parts of human and animal excreta, vegetation in each hole bottom application before transplanting Fine earth after organic mixed fertilizer, then one layer of 1cm of bedding made of 20 parts of ash, sterilization 27 parts of hybrid process of fertile soil, treats Fructus Akebiae children Seedling grow to 22cm it is high when transplant into hole, soil will be dug out and backfilled, soil covering seedling root above 5cm, is sure not during transplanting Buried, field planting is poured permeable after terminating;
G, rich water quality management:Seedling survival situation is checked after being colonized 10d, it is found that dead plant is removed and mends cultivation in time, works as children When seedling grows young sprout, it is gently sought connections with melon frame at dusk, and every plant of release rotted pig manure water 1kg, every 4 weeks later are one In the cycle, rotted pig manure water is periodically discharged, depending on watering situation is weather, it is 40% to keep plantation soil moisture;
H, pruning promotees fruit with promoting flower:Trimming cuts deadwood, thin and weak branch based on pruning off, allows branches and tendrils climbing to arrive melon frame On, clear air is kept under frame with current convenient, branches and tendrils bloom long fruit when remove unnecessary melon and fruit, every flower stays 2 fruits, and imposes Every plant of 1kg of phosphorus potash fertilizer;
I, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Coordinate tobacco leaf to decoct water spray preventing and treating disease pest with wormwood during dendritic growth and gnaw tender leaf;
J, harvesting and management:It can be plucked when Fructus Akebiae length is ripe to eight to nine points, every plant after annual last time harvesting Retain 3 melons and fruits on tendril, and more than 2 years raw plant roots sprouted to the shoot gone out in the time in the early spring and carry out plant division, transplant, Increase planting range.
The above described is only a preferred embodiment of the present invention, not making any formal limitation to the present invention, appoint Without departing from technical solution of the present invention content, what the technical spirit according to the present invention was made to above example any simply repaiies for what Change, equivalent variations and modification, in the range of still falling within technical solution of the present invention.

Claims (7)

1. the cuttage implantation methods of a kind of Fructus Akebiae, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
A, selection of land and processing:Selection soil layer is deep, fertile, irrigation and drainage are convenient, faintly acid soil on the sunny side makees plantation, winter in the first year Fall 30~40cm of soil deeptillage before frost, go to cut weeds, tree root, spread the thick sterilizing humus of 2~3cm of last layer;
B, built:In the time early spring in the coming year, 30~40cm is ploughed deeply into soil again, in small, broken bits to level land, excavation specification is 40 × 40 ×30cm3Pitting, every mu of 400 holes, hole bottom application puts the thick rape cake powder of one layer of 1cm, and hole is other to use cuboid-type cement Post carries out built, pillar height 2.0m, and post top uses the diameter 1.5cm horizontal and vertical carry out built of coating steel pipe, forms one The Fructus Akebiae growing frame of network structure;
C, prepared by greenhouse seedbed:It is material from galvanized steel, in ventilation, faces south, framework seedling raising greenhouse in smooth vacant lot, canopy It is interior to be provided with temperature controller and moisturizing device, and seedbed is provided with greenhouse, one layer of seedling culture matrix, matrix are laid on seedbed 3~5cm of laying depth;Greenhouse is completely covered using plastic sheeting, and at the top of greenhouse and is surrounded by sunshade net, the long 5m of canopy, Wide 4m, high 3m;
D, skewer cuttings selects and processing:Growth selection stalwartness, semi-lignified, 1~2 year of no disease and pests harm raw Fructus Akebiae branches and tendrils, The branch of 10~12cm length is cut into, is placed in taking root liquid after soaking 12~24h and is dried with aseptic filter paper, by its cuttage to children In seedling culture matrix, cuttage 5~7cm of spacing in the rows, humidity 65~80% in greenhouse, 20~25 DEG C of temperature, in morning bright spring day are kept 10 points to afternoon 5 points pull on sunshade net, do not need sunshade rainy days;
E, hardening:Hardening treatment is carried out after the survival of skewer cuttage rooting is stable, 1~5d of hardening is first by humid control in greenhouse 50 ~80%, 20~25 DEG C of temperature, 5~10d of hardening is by humid control in greenhouse 40~90%, and temperature control is 15~30 DEG C, the 10d of hardening entirely removes the shade net on greenhouse later, opens greenhouse ventilating opening, keeps clear air in canopy, pays attention to Prevent seedling from wrecking;
F, seedling replanting:Fine earth after 5kg organic mixed fertilizers, then one layer of 1cm of bedding first is put in each hole bottom application before transplanting, treats August Melon seedling grow to 20~25cm it is high when transplant into hole, soil will be dug out and backfilled, during transplanting more than soil covering seedling root 3 ~5cm, be sure not it is buried, field planting terminate after pour it is permeable;
G, rich water quality management:Seedling survival situation is checked after being colonized 10d, it is found that dead plant is removed and mends cultivation in time, when seedling grows When going out young sprout, it is gently sought connections with melon frame at dusk, and every plant of release rotted pig manure water 1kg, every 4 weeks are a week later Phase, rotted pig manure water is periodically discharged, depending on watering situation is weather, it is 25~40% to keep plantation soil moisture;
H, pruning promotees fruit with promoting flower:Trimming cuts deadwood, thin and weak branch based on pruning off, allows branches and tendrils to climb onto melon frame, frame Lower holding clear air with current convenient, branches and tendrils bloom long fruit when remove unnecessary melon and fruit, every flower stays 2 fruits, and imposes phosphorus potassium Every plant of 1kg of fertilizer;
I, the prevention and control of plant diseases, pest control:Coordinate tobacco leaf to decoct water spray preventing and treating disease pest with wormwood during dendritic growth and gnaw tender leaf;
J, harvesting and management:It can be plucked when Fructus Akebiae length is ripe to eight to nine points, every plant of tendril after annual last time is plucked 2~3 melons and fruits of upper reservation, and more than 2 years raw plant roots are sprouted to the shoot gone out in the time in the early spring and carry out plant division, transplant, Increase planting range.
A kind of 2. cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (a), the corruption Matter is grown for the fertile soil and the mixture of humic leaf under the spinney of remote mountains.
A kind of 3. cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (c), the children Seedling culture medium includes 20~25 parts of perlite, 15~20 parts of pine tree sawdust, 30~35 parts of fertile soil, decomposed cow dung mud 20~25 Part.
A kind of 4. cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae according to claim 3, it is characterised in that the seedling culture medium bag Include 21 parts of perlite, 15 parts of pine tree sawdust, 30 parts of fertile soil, 23 parts of decomposed cow dung mud.
A kind of 5. cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae according to claim 1, it is characterised in that in step (d), the life Root liquid is that ABT2 root-inducing powders press 1 with sterile clear water:7 ratio is made.
6. the cuttage implantation methods of a kind of Fructus Akebiae according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described to have in step (f) Machine mixed fertilizer includes 30~35 parts of decomposed dung, 25~30 parts of human and animal excreta, 15~20 parts of plant ash, sterilization fertile soil 23~27 Part.
A kind of 7. cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the organic mixed fertilizer bag Include 25 parts 35 parts of decomposed dung, 27 parts of human and animal excreta, 15 parts of plant ash, sterilization of fertile soil.
CN201710760905.2A 2017-08-30 2017-08-30 A kind of cuttage implantation methods of Fructus Akebiae Pending CN107494126A (en)

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CN108967016A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-11 紫云自治县红华种植农民专业合作社 A kind of pseudo-wild cultivating method of Stauntonia latifolia
CN109006350A (en) * 2018-08-15 2018-12-18 柳州市合联农业有限公司 A kind of passion fruit cuttage and seedling culture matrix and preparation method thereof
CN109005977A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-12-18 紫云自治县红华种植农民专业合作社 A kind of underground layering mating system of Stauntonia latifolia
CN109089574A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-28 安龙县欣蔓生物科技有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of aobvious arteries and veins Inula britannica chinensis
CN109105015A (en) * 2018-08-10 2019-01-01 紫云自治县红华种植农民专业合作社 A kind of cuttage breeding method of Stauntonia latifolia
CN109169032A (en) * 2018-08-09 2019-01-11 紫云自治县红华种植农民专业合作社 A kind of Stauntonia latifolia divides root mating system
CN111011017A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-17 福建山瓜瓜农业发展有限公司 Cutting propagation method of holboellia latifolia
CN112237116A (en) * 2020-10-26 2021-01-19 昆明学院 Seedless cultivation method of holboellia latifolia

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CN109089574A (en) * 2018-07-26 2018-12-28 安龙县欣蔓生物科技有限责任公司 A kind of implantation methods of aobvious arteries and veins Inula britannica chinensis
CN109005977A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-12-18 紫云自治县红华种植农民专业合作社 A kind of underground layering mating system of Stauntonia latifolia
CN109169032A (en) * 2018-08-09 2019-01-11 紫云自治县红华种植农民专业合作社 A kind of Stauntonia latifolia divides root mating system
CN108967016A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-11 紫云自治县红华种植农民专业合作社 A kind of pseudo-wild cultivating method of Stauntonia latifolia
CN109105015A (en) * 2018-08-10 2019-01-01 紫云自治县红华种植农民专业合作社 A kind of cuttage breeding method of Stauntonia latifolia
CN109006350A (en) * 2018-08-15 2018-12-18 柳州市合联农业有限公司 A kind of passion fruit cuttage and seedling culture matrix and preparation method thereof
CN111011017A (en) * 2019-12-31 2020-04-17 福建山瓜瓜农业发展有限公司 Cutting propagation method of holboellia latifolia
CN112237116A (en) * 2020-10-26 2021-01-19 昆明学院 Seedless cultivation method of holboellia latifolia

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