CN107484683A - The method of northern area kind hippocampus overwintering culture a kind of and kind hippocampus survive the winter RAS systems - Google Patents

The method of northern area kind hippocampus overwintering culture a kind of and kind hippocampus survive the winter RAS systems Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107484683A
CN107484683A CN201710757795.4A CN201710757795A CN107484683A CN 107484683 A CN107484683 A CN 107484683A CN 201710757795 A CN201710757795 A CN 201710757795A CN 107484683 A CN107484683 A CN 107484683A
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hippocampus
winter
pond
bait
pipe
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孙金辉
雍朋政
谢尚端
黄佳欣
邵蓬
杨燕菁
乔秀亭
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Tianjin Agricultural University
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Tianjin Agricultural University
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • A01K61/10Culture of aquatic animals of fish
    • A01K61/13Prevention or treatment of fish diseases
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/003Aquaria; Terraria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/045Filters for aquaria
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/06Arrangements for heating or lighting in, or attached to, receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/065Heating or cooling devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/10Animal feeding-stuffs obtained by microbiological or biochemical processes
    • A23K10/16Addition of microorganisms or extracts thereof, e.g. single-cell proteins, to feeding-stuff compositions
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K10/00Animal feeding-stuffs
    • A23K10/20Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin
    • A23K10/22Animal feeding-stuffs from material of animal origin from fish
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A23FOODS OR FOODSTUFFS; TREATMENT THEREOF, NOT COVERED BY OTHER CLASSES
    • A23KFODDER
    • A23K50/00Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals
    • A23K50/80Feeding-stuffs specially adapted for particular animals for aquatic animals, e.g. fish, crustaceans or molluscs
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The present invention provides method for strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus in the overwintering culture of northern area, by to the selecting of kind of the hippocampus that survives the winter, plant hippocampus the survive the winter control of density, the kind hippocampus of the structure of RAS systems, kind hippocampus that survive the winter and survive the winter four aspects of reinforcing of bait, to meet requirement of the strain line hippocampus to various winter conditions, strain line hippocampus is reduced in the death caused by morbidity or environment discomfort during surviving the winter, kind of hippocampus is set successfully to be survived the winter in northern area, it is final to provide health high-quality kind hippocampus for the artificial breeding of next year strain line hippocampus and cultivation.The method can effectively solve current northern area strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus and survive the winter problem, and forming large-scale cultivation in northern area for strain line hippocampus provides high-quality kind of hippocampus.

Description

The method of northern area kind hippocampus overwintering culture a kind of and kind hippocampus survive the winter RAS systems
Technical field
The invention is related to ocean medicine source animal-breeding technology, and in particular to a kind of northern area strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus The method of overwintering culture.
Background technology
Hippocampus is under the jurisdiction of Syngnathidae (Syngnathinae), Hippocampus (Hippocampus), is a kind of rare ocean medicine Source animal, there is high economic value and economic benefit.Strain line hippocampus (Hippocampus erectus) is from 2009 by me After state scholar introduces from the U.S., because it has the characteristics that strong stress resistance, the speed of growth are fast, survival rate is high, just developing rapidly turns into The principal item of China's sea horse cultivation.
Strain line hippocampus (Hippocampus erectus) culturing area is mainly distributed on Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan etc. The coastal south.But influenceed, caused in recent years, with the deterioration of breeding environment and by the coastal south continuous high temperature weather Strain line hippocampus disease in breeding process takes place frequently, and constrains the health and sustainable development of hippocampus industry to a certain extent.
Due to the problems that strain line hippocampus faces in southern breeding process, therefore in recent years, domestic strain line hippocampus Cultivation start to show the trend of " northization ".The optimum growth temperature of strain line hippocampus is between 24-30 DEG C, Northern Coastal Region Area's summer is more southern short, and no continuous high temperature weather influences, therefore the cultivation of suitable strain line hippocampus.2015,2016, strain line sea The cultivation and nursery of horse successively succeed in the Jiaodong Areas of north of China, Efficiency in Buildings in Tianjin Area.
Northern area climate influences, and temperature just persistently drops after annual October, gos up again to temperature in April in next year, Generally reach minimum in December end temperature, temperature is below 0 DEG C.For northern area uniqueness climatic environment, generally formulate every The large-scale cultivation plan in year two seasons, the first season start breeding and seedling in April, and the second season starts breeding and seedling in July, and two Ji Junke will form listing in the end of the year in this year.
To complete cultivation plan then in northern area, overwintering culture need to be carried out to strain line hippocampus kind horse.Northern area kind The cultivation of horse generally starts in the second season (July), terminates to April in next year, kind of a horse will be faced in cultivating process and survives the winter this Problem, the success or not of overwintering culture will directly affect the breeding production work of next year hippocampus.Therefore, strain line hippocampus will be in the north Area forms large-scale cultivation, it is necessary to solves the problem that strain line hippocampus kind horse survives the winter.
The content of the invention
At present, it is also first public without special method, the invention to be directed to northern area kind hippocampus overwintering culture A kind of method of northern area strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus overwintering culture.
This method, mainly include the following steps that:
(1) survive the winter the selecting of kind of hippocampus:Kind of hippocampus female-male proportion of surviving the winter is 1:(1~2);
(2) survive the winter the dispensing of kind of hippocampus:Kind hippocampus male and female in step (1) are separately launched in wintering pond, launch temperature Spend for 23~26 °, throw-in density is 80~120 tails/m3
(3) survive the winter the feeding of bait:Bait feeding of surviving the winter is carried out to the kind hippocampus in step (2), bait of surviving the winter is selected No. III Mysid II, Artemia frost bait;Wherein, No. II bait main component of Mysid is body length between 8000- The 10000um new oppossum shrimp of dark brown;No. III bait main component of Artemia is adult good year of the body length between 8000-10000um Worm.
Further, survive the winter bait strengthening process it is as follows:Mixed using Artemia comprehensive nutrient hardening agents with chlorella powder According to 1:The ratio of (20~30) is strengthened to fairy shrimp, is collected after strengthening 8-12h, and carries out quick freeze, is made ArtemiaⅢ+Number bait.
Further, when strengthening to fairy shrimp, it is 10inds/mL to control fairy shrimp density.
Further, when strengthening to fairy shrimp, Artemia comprehensive nutrient hardening agents usage amount is 50mg/L;
Wherein, Artemia comprehensive nutrients hardening agent by fish oil, lecithin, B family vitamin and E family vitamins according to 100: 5:1:1 proportioning, is made through high-speed homogenization.
Further, when selecting kind of the hippocampus that survives the winter, criteria for selection is as follows:Male hippocampus, monthly age 5-6, the long 14- of body 16cm, body weight 20-24g;Female hippocampus monthly age 4-5, body long 12-14cm, body weight 17-21g.
In addition, the invention also resides in and discloses a kind hippocampus and survive the winter RAS systems, some RAS systems are located at workshop master In vivo;
Each RAS systems include some wintering ponds, the water process for handling cultivation water in some wintering ponds Unit and pipe-line cell;
Physical filtering pond that the unit for treating water includes sequentially connecting, Protein Skimmer, biofilter, water quality are automatic Monitoring unit, the Protein Skimmer are connected with ozone generator, and filter screen is provided with the physical filtering pond;
The pipe-line cell include oral siphon road unit, water return pipeline unit and heating pipe-line cell, it is described enter water unit Connected with the automatic water quality monitoring unit, the outlet pipeline unit connects with the physical filtering pond.
Further, the filter screen is sieve bend.
Further, the heating pipe-line cell includes the main heating tube above wintering pond and the U in wintering pond Type heating tube, the main heating tube connect with the U-shaped heating tube in each wintering pond.
Further, the attached crop of several hippocampus is radially placed in the wintering pond.
Further, pipe-line cell is additionally provided with, oral siphon road unit includes main oral siphon, enters pond pipe, the outlet pipe Road unit includes that backwater is responsible for and return pipe, the main oral siphon connects with automatic water quality monitoring unit, the backwater be responsible for and Physical filtering pond connection, one is equipped with each wintering pond and enters pond pipe, it is some it is described enter Chi Guanyu described in it is main enter water Pipe is connected, and a return pipe is equipped with each wintering pond, and some return pipes connect with backwater supervisor.Enter one Step, the return pipe are located in the middle part of the wintering pond, and the wintering pond bottom surface is sunk structure around the return pipe mouth of pipe.
Further, workshop body span 8-14m, length 65-90m;Two sets of RAS systems are set in workshop, often covering system includes 12-15 wintering pond, workshop main body exterior wall thickness >=24cm, workshop body height≤3m.
To sum up, the technical scheme of the invention can be subdivided into following aspect:
Survive the winter the selecting of kind of hippocampus:
Pick out high-quality kind hippocampus and carry out overwintering culture, next year hippocampus breeding and seedling can be worked and establish important germplasm Basis.It should select that build is full, body surface is without hindering, ingest actively, to the rapid healthy strain line of extraneous stimulate the reaction when selecting For hippocampus as kind of a hippocampus, kind of the hippocampus female-male proportion of surviving the winter picked out is 1:1.5 left and right.Kind of hippocampus enters before system of surviving the winter can be with Body surface sterilization (Chinese gall, coptis etc.) and expelling parasite (sweet wormwood, polygonum flaccidum etc.) processing are carried out to it using Chinese herbal medicine.Specifically to kind of surviving the winter Hippocampus criteria for selection is shown in Table 1.
Table 1 is survived the winter the criteria for selection of kind of hippocampus
Kind of hippocampus survives the winter the structures of RAS systems:
The system of surviving the winter of northern area kind hippocampus mainly uses industrial circulating water (Recirculating Aquaculture Syetem, RAS) breeding way.RAS cultivating systems are with machinery, electronics, chemistry, automated information skill The advanced technologies such as art and industrialization means, control the living environment of cultured fishes, recycle breeding water body, reach water saving, Save land, save, increasing high cultivation density, the quickening cultured fishes speed of growth, the purpose increased economic efficiency.More than having because of it Feature, so the system of surviving the winter of kind hippocampus mainly uses RAS cultivating systems.Kind of hippocampus RAS systems of surviving the winter are located in the main body of workshop, Often set RAS systems mainly include wintering pond, unit for treating water and pipe-line cell.
Workshop main body:Kind of hippocampus RAS systems workshop size of surviving the winter depends mainly on the quantity for kind of the hippocampus that survives the winter and can be used Place size.Common Species hippocampus survives the winter RAS systems workshop span 8-14m, length 65-90m;Two sets of RAS systems are set in workshop, often 12-15 wintering pond of set system.For northern area because winter temperature is relatively low, RAS systems workshop exterior wall thickness is generally higher than 24cm, Within the high 3m in workshop, to strengthen the heat-insulating property of workshop main body.Kind of hippocampus survives the winter RAS systems workshop ceiling generally use depressed arch circle Arc top, it is desirable to which ceiling has good heat-insulating property, and its heat insulation effect will influence workshop totality heat insulating ability.Kind of hippocampus survives the winter RAS System workshop ceiling carries out isothermal holding using light-duty polystyrene thermal insulation plate, waterproof cloth, heat-preservation cotton, rock wool, non-woven fabrics etc..
Wintering pond:Wintering pond is designed using fillet type, and the radius of corner of fillet type wintering pond is more than the 1/ of wintering pond radius 2, wintering pond bottom uses " the bottom of a pan " shape, and the return pipe mouth of pipe is located at " the bottom of a pan " central lowest part, and " the bottom of a pan " uses 1:10 gradient structure Make, in favor of the discharge of bottom of pond dirt.Wintering pond is typically sized to 1.5-2.5m, depth 60-150cm.It should be brushed inside wintering pond Culturing pool special coating, make wintering pond inner wall smooth, reduce bacterium and multiply.Radially placed around the return pipe mouth of pipe in wintering pond 8 attached crops of kind hippocampus, the kind attached crop length of hippocampus is 0.5m.
Unit for treating water:Kind of hippocampus RAS systems mid-water process craft of surviving the winter mainly includes physical treatment and biological treatment two Part.Wherein physical treatment uses sieve bend of the screen slot for 0.25mm, and the particle diameter that sieve bend can effectively remove about 80% is more than 70 μ The solid suspension matter such as m residual bait, excrement, floccule;Cultivation water after sieve bend by entering in Protein Skimmer, protein Separator, which not only can be removed effectively, is less than 30um micro-solids in breeding water body, while it can also decompose the ammonia in water body Nitrogen, nitrite, remove CO2Deng pernicious gas, water PH value, the Protein Skimmer in kind of a hippocampus survives the winter RAS systems are lifted 18 are combined with ozone generator, and cultivation water can be carried out disinfection;Water outlet is transferred directly in three-level biofilter, is gone in water removal Ammonia nitrogen;Remove the cultivation water after ammonia nitrogen and enter automatic water quality monitoring unit real time on-line monitoring water quality condition;After the completion of processing Cultivation water wintering pond is entered by oral siphon road unit.Unit for treating water accounts for kind of hippocampus and survived the winter the 15% left of RAS system areas It is right.
Kind of hippocampus survives the winter the control of density:
In aquaculture, the growth of cultivation density and cultured fishes, survival rate are negatively correlated, i.e., the growth of cultured fishes, Survival rate reduces as cultivation density raises.In order to neither cause the waste of culture resources, while it can also obtain preferable life Long and survival rate, therefore the density of surviving the winter of kind of hippocampus should be controlled rationally.By largely testing, in the RAS cultivating systems In, planting the density of surviving the winter of hippocampus should control in 100 tails/m3Within.
Kind of hippocampus survives the winter the reinforcing of bait:
The fresh and alive oppossum shrimp of traditional sea horse cultivation mode generally use, main bait of the fairy shrimp as hippocampus.But due to the north Regional winter lacks fresh food, so kind of the hippocampus that can only be survived the winter using frost bait feeding.Frost bait generally has part Nutritional ingredient is lost, it is impossible to meet growth and the sexal maturity demand of kind of hippocampus, it is therefore necessary to frost bait is carried out selection and Strengthen.
Bait of surviving the winter selects:From the bait of surviving the winter of No. III Mysid II, Artemia frost bait as kind of hippocampus. No. II bait main component of Mysid is dark brown new oppossum shrimp (Neomysis of the body length between 8000-10000um Awatschensis), its nutritive value is high, and protein content accounts for the 70% of dry weight, is high-quality protein source, can promote Hippocampus increases weight.No. III bait main component of Artemia is adult fairy shrimp of the body length between 8000-10000um, and its nutrition is equal Weighing apparatus, soft texture, moisture are higher than No. II bait of Mysid, and protein content is less than No. II bait of Mysid, can promote hippocampus Digestion and excretion.
Survive the winter the reinforcing of bait:Fairy shrimp is a kind of preferably reinforcing agent carrier as non-selective filter feeder.Use Artemia comprehensive nutrient hardening agents are mixed according to 1 with chlorella powder:24 ratio is strengthened to fairy shrimp, strengthens 8-12h Afterwards, collect quick freeze and Artemia III is made+Number bait.
When strengthening to fairy shrimp, it is 10inds/mL to control fairy shrimp density.
When strengthening to fairy shrimp, Artemia comprehensive nutrient hardening agents usage amount is 50mg/L.
Artemia comprehensive nutrients hardening agent is by fish oil, lecithin, B family vitamin and E family vitamins according to 100:5:1:1 Proportioning, is made through high-speed homogenization.
The invention provides method for strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus in the overwintering culture of northern area, by kind of a sea of surviving the winter The selecting of horse, plant hippocampus the survive the winter control of density, the kind hippocampus of the structure of RAS systems, kind hippocampus that survive the winter and survive the winter the reinforcing four of bait Individual aspect, to meet requirement of the strain line hippocampus to various winter conditions, strain line hippocampus is reduced during surviving the winter because of morbidity or environment It is dead caused by discomfort, kind of hippocampus is successfully survived the winter in northern area, final artificial breeding and cultivation for next year strain line hippocampus There is provided health high-quality kind hippocampus.The method can effectively solve current northern area strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus and survive the winter problem, be line Line hippocampus forms large-scale cultivation in northern area and provides high-quality kind of hippocampus.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. a kind hippocampus survives the winter RAS systems workshop main body schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 kind hippocampus survives the winter RAS system wintering pond schematic diagrames;
Fig. 3 kind hippocampus survives the winter RAS system water treatment process schematic diagrames.
In figure:1st, workshop exterior wall, 2, dome, 3, Anti-fogging Film, 4, rock wool, 5, felt, 6, waterproof cloth, 7, blower fan, 8, more Winter pond, 9, main oral siphon, 10, enter pond pipe, 11, return pipe, 12, passageway, 13, backwater supervisor, 14, main heating tube, 15, it is U-shaped plus Wen Guan, 16, the kind attached crop of hippocampus, 17, sieve bend, 18, Protein Skimmer, 19, ozone generator, 20, biofilter, 21, Automatic monitoring system.
Embodiment
In order to understand the invention, the invention is further illustrated with embodiment below, but does not limit wound of the present invention Make.1 kind of hippocampus of embodiment survives the winter the structures of RAS systems
The system of surviving the winter of northern area kind hippocampus mainly uses industrial circulating water (Recirculating Aquaculture Syetem, RAS) breeding way.RAS cultivating systems are with machinery, electronics, chemistry, automated information skill The advanced technologies such as art and industrialization means, control the living environment of cultured fishes, recycle breeding water body, reach water saving, Save land, save, increasing high cultivation density, the quickening cultured fishes speed of growth, the purpose increased economic efficiency.More than having because of it Feature, so the system of surviving the winter of kind hippocampus mainly uses RAS cultivating systems.Kind of hippocampus survive the winter RAS systems mainly by workshop main body, Wintering pond, unit for treating water three parts composition.
Workshop main body:Kind of hippocampus survives the winter RAS systems workshop span 8m, length 70m.The thickness of RAS systems workshop exterior wall 1 24cm, the high 3m in workshop.Kind of hippocampus RAS systems workshop ceiling of surviving the winter use depressed arch dome 2, the use internal layer Anti-fogging Film of dome 2 3rd, middle level rock wool 4, outer layer felt 5, the mode etc. of outermost layer waterproof cloth 6 carry out isothermal holding, and unpowered wind is installed in dome 2 Machine 7 is to ensure air circulation in workshop.Each side a set of RAS systems in workshop, often cover system vertical array 12 and survive the winter Pond 8.Pipe-line cell is made up of oral siphon road unit, water return pipeline unit, heating pipe-line cell 3 part in workshop.Enter in workshop Water lines unit is by main oral siphon 9 and enters pond pipe 10 and forms, and the main diameter 250mm of oral siphon 9 is located at wintering pond Chi Tai, enters pond pipe 10 Diameter 90mm is located on the right side of wintering pond pool wall.Water return pipeline unit by the return pipe 11 positioned at wintering pond bottom and is located in workshop The composition of backwater supervisor 13 in the middle part of workshop under passageway 12.Pipe-line cell is heated in workshop by the main heating tube positioned at middle part passageway 12 14 and the U-shaped heating tube 15 in wintering pond 8 form.With specific reference to Fig. 1.
Wintering pond:For wintering pond 8 using the design of fillet type, the radius of corner of fillet type wintering pond is more than the 1/ of wintering pond radius 2, the bottom of wintering pond 8 uses " the bottom of a pan " shape, and the mouth of pipe of return pipe 11 is located at " the bottom of a pan " central lowest part, and " the bottom of a pan " uses 1:10 gradient Construction, in favor of the discharge of bottom of pond dirt.Wintering pond internal diameter 2m, depth 80cm.The inside of wintering pond 8 uses the special painting of culturing pool Material.The attached crop 16 of 8 kind hippocampus is radially placed around the mouth of pipe of return pipe 11 in wintering pond 8, the kind attached length of crop 16 of hippocampus is 0.5m.With specific reference to Fig. 2.
Unit for treating water:Kind of hippocampus RAS systems mid-water process craft of surviving the winter mainly includes physical treatment and biological treatment two Part.Wherein physical treatment uses sieve bend 17 of the screen slot for 0.25mm, and the particle diameter that sieve bend 17 can effectively remove about 80% is big In the solid suspension matter such as 70 μm of residual bait, excrement, floccule;Cultivation water is by entering Protein Skimmer 18 after sieve bend 17 In, Protein Skimmer 18, which not only can be removed effectively, is less than 30um micro-solids in breeding water body, while it can also be decomposed Ammonia nitrogen, nitrite, removal CO in water body2Deng pernicious gas, water PH value, the egg in kind of a hippocampus survives the winter RAS systems are lifted White matter separator 18 is combined with ozone generator 19, and cultivation water can be carried out disinfection;Water outlet is transferred directly to three-level biological filter In pond 20, go water removal in ammonia nitrogen;Remove the cultivation water after ammonia nitrogen and enter the real time on-line monitoring water of automatic water quality monitoring unit 21 Matter state;Cultivation water after the completion of processing enters wintering pond 8 by oral siphon road unit.Unit for treating water accounts for kind of a hippocampus and survived the winter 15% or so of RAS systems.Kind of hippocampus RAS system water quality index situations of surviving the winter are shown in Table 2.Kind of hippocampus survives the winter unit for treating water, tool Body is with reference to figure 3.
2 kinds of hippocampus of table survive the winter RAS system water quality index situations
2 kinds of hippocampus of embodiment survive the winter and bait experiment
Survive the winter the selecting of kind of hippocampus:Pick out high-quality kind hippocampus and carry out overwintering culture, can be to next year hippocampus breeding and seedling Important Germplasm Bases are established in work.It should select that build is full, body surface is without hindering, ingest actively, to environmental stimuli when selecting Willing healthy strain line hippocampus picks out the male kind tail of hippocampus 1200, the female kind tail of hippocampus 800 as kind of a hippocampus.Male Hippocampus criteria for selection is the 5-6 monthly ages, the long 14-16cm of body, body weight 20-24g, and permanent lateral body is wide:Body is grown between 0.18-0.2, abdomen Capsule:Tail length is between 0.3-0.32.The criteria for selection of male and female hippocampus is the 4-5 monthly ages, the long 12-14cm of body, body weight 17-21g, permanent side Body is wide:Body is grown between 0.18-0.2.Kind hippocampus enters before RAS systems of surviving the winter using Chinese gall 20ppm and sweet wormwood 15ppm to kind Hippocampus carries out body surface sterilization and expelling parasite processing.
Kind of hippocampus survives the winter density:Neither to cause the waste of culture resources, while it can also obtain and preferably grow and survive Rate, by kind hippocampus density domination in 100 tails/m3Within.A set of RAS systems of surviving the winter are opened, using another set of system as standby.Will 2000 tail kind hippocampus are uniformly put into 10 wintering ponds, reserve 2 wintering pond use of falling pond.The isolation of hippocampus male and female is planted in wintering pond.
Kind of hippocampus survives the winter bait experiment:Select 4 all-male wintering ponds at random in same RAS systems of surviving the winter and 4 complete female Wintering pond is tested, and feeding for bait is freezed after tradition frost bait is respectively adopted and strengthens.Experiment set altogether 2 test groups and 2 control groups, each group sets a parallel group.No. III Mysid II, Artemia bait feeding male hippocampus are control group 1, put down Row group 1;No. III Mysid II, Artemia bait feeding female hippocampus are control group 2, parallel group 2;Mysid Ⅱ、Artemia Ⅲ+Number bait feeding male hippocampus is test group 1, parallel group 1;Mysid Ⅱ、ArtemiaⅢ+Number bait feeding female hippocampus is Test group 2, parallel group 2.Bait is fed during experiment daily 3 times, respectively 7 points, 12 points, 17 points, by bait concentrate feed in At wintering pond one, to observe the situation of ingesting.RAS systems are closed during bait feeding, after 1h or bait ingested after can open Open RAS systems.
The winter test of strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus is carried out according to the method described above, on November 20th, 2016 starts to test, extremely Completion was survived the winter and terminated to test on March 22nd, 2017.Specific winter test the results are shown in Table 3.
3 kinds of hippocampus winter test results of table
Kind of a hippocampus survival rate 14% of surviving the winter can be improved using the frost bait after reinforcing (by test group and corresponding parallel group Summation average-control group and corresponding parallel group summation average to obtain);Improve male kind hippocampus rate of body weight gain 11.4%, female hippocampus growth rate 13.3%.
Using the invention method, can reduce kind of hippocampus during surviving the winter caused by morbidity or environment discomfort it is dead, Kind of hippocampus is set successfully to be survived the winter in northern area, it is final to provide health high-quality kind sea for the artificial breeding of next year hippocampus and cultivation Horse.The method can effectively solve current northern area strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus and survive the winter problem, be strain line hippocampus in northern area shape The cultivation of established practice modelling provides high-quality kind of hippocampus.
The preferred embodiment of the invention is the foregoing is only, is not intended to limit the invention creation, it is all at this Within the spirit and principle of innovation and creation, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., the invention should be included in Protection domain within.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. method of northern area strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus overwintering culture, it is characterised in that mainly include the following steps that:
    (1) survive the winter the selecting of kind of hippocampus:Kind of hippocampus female-male proportion of surviving the winter is 1:(1~2);
    (2) survive the winter the dispensing of kind of hippocampus:Kind hippocampus male and female in step (1) are separately launched in the wintering pond of RAS systems, thrown Temperature is put as 23~26 °, throw-in density is 80~120 tails/m3
    (3) survive the winter the feeding of bait:Bait feeding of surviving the winter is carried out to the kind hippocampus in step (2), bait of surviving the winter selects Mysid IIth, No. III frost bait of Artemia;Wherein, No. II bait main component of Mysid is body length between the dark brown of 8000-10000um The new oppossum shrimp of color;No. III bait main component of Artemia is adult fairy shrimp of the body length between 8000-10000um.
  2. A kind of 2. method of northern area strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus overwintering culture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that Survive the winter bait strengthening process it is as follows:Mixed using Artemia comprehensive nutrient hardening agents with chlorella powder according to 1:(20~30) Ratio fairy shrimp is strengthened, collected after strengthening 8-12h, and carry out quick freeze, Artemia III is made+Number bait.
  3. A kind of 3. method of northern area strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus overwintering culture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that When strengthening to fairy shrimp, it is 10inds/mL to control fairy shrimp density.
  4. A kind of 4. method of northern area strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus overwintering culture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that When strengthening to fairy shrimp, Artemia comprehensive nutrient hardening agents usage amount is 50mg/L;
    Wherein, Artemia comprehensive nutrients hardening agent by fish oil, lecithin, B family vitamin and E family vitamins according to 100:5:1:1 Proportioning, is made through high-speed homogenization.
  5. A kind of 5. method of northern area strain line hippocampus kind hippocampus overwintering culture according to claim 1, it is characterised in that When selecting kind of the hippocampus that survives the winter, criteria for selection is as follows:Male hippocampus, monthly age 5-6, body long 14-16cm, body weight 20-24g; Female hippocampus monthly age 4-5, body long 12-14cm, body weight 17-21g.
  6. The RAS systems 6. the kind hippocampus applied in the breeding method described in claim 1-5 survives the winter, it is characterised in that some RAS systems are located in the main body of workshop;
    Each RAS systems include some wintering ponds, the unit for treating water for handling cultivation water in some wintering ponds And pipe-line cell;
    The unit for treating water include sequentially connect physical filtering pond, Protein Skimmer, biofilter, automatic water quality monitoring Unit, the Protein Skimmer are connected with ozone generator, and filter screen is provided with the physical filtering pond;
    The pipe-line cell include oral siphon road unit, water return pipeline unit and heating pipe-line cell, it is described enter water unit and institute The connection of automatic water quality monitoring unit is stated, the outlet pipeline unit connects with the physical filtering pond.
  7. The RAS systems 7. a kind hippocampus according to claim 6 survives the winter, it is characterised in that the filter screen is arc Sieve.
  8. The RAS systems 8. a kind hippocampus according to claim 6 survives the winter, it is characterised in that the heating pipe-line cell bag Include the main heating tube above the wintering pond and the U-shaped heating tube in wintering pond, the main heating tube with each wintering pond U-shaped heating tube connection.
  9. The RAS systems 9. a kind hippocampus according to claim 6 survives the winter, it is characterised in that in radiation in the wintering pond Shape places the several attached crop of hippocampus.
  10. The RAS systems 10. a kind hippocampus according to claim 6 survives the winter, it is characterised in that be additionally provided with pipe-line cell, institute Stating oral siphon road unit includes main oral siphon, enters pond pipe, and the outlet pipeline unit includes backwater supervisor and return pipe, the master Oral siphon connects with automatic water quality monitoring unit, and the backwater supervisor connects with the physical filtering pond, each wintering pond Inside be equipped with one and enter pond pipe, it is some it is described enter main oral siphon connection described in Chi Guanyu, be all provided with once in each wintering pond Water pipe, some return pipes connect with backwater supervisor.
    The return pipe is located in the middle part of the wintering pond, and the wintering pond bottom surface is sunk structure around the return pipe mouth of pipe.
    Workshop body span 8-14m, length 65-90m;Two sets of RAS systems are set in workshop, system is often covered and is survived the winter including 12-15 Pond, workshop main body exterior wall thickness >=24cm, workshop body height≤3m.
CN201710757795.4A 2017-08-29 2017-08-29 The method of northern area kind hippocampus overwintering culture a kind of and kind hippocampus survive the winter RAS systems Pending CN107484683A (en)

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CN1379974A (en) * 2001-04-09 2002-11-20 中山大学 Youngling of large sea horse and artificial cultivating method of commodity sea horse and its equipment
CN102144584A (en) * 2011-03-07 2011-08-10 宁波大学 Method for breeding hippocampi over winter
CN102754610A (en) * 2012-04-24 2012-10-31 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Method for improving hippocampus kelloggi fry cultivating rate
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CN104431506A (en) * 2014-11-28 2015-03-25 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Method for preparing frozen sea horse feed
CN204540380U (en) * 2015-01-20 2015-08-12 青岛市蓝色海洋科学研究院 A kind of hippocampus parent raising device
CN105532527A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-05-04 东山县益澳水产养殖有限公司 Ecological breeding method for Hippocampus erectus
CN106577372A (en) * 2016-11-04 2017-04-26 宁波大学 Syngnathus overwintering and artificial reproduction method

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1379974A (en) * 2001-04-09 2002-11-20 中山大学 Youngling of large sea horse and artificial cultivating method of commodity sea horse and its equipment
CN102144584A (en) * 2011-03-07 2011-08-10 宁波大学 Method for breeding hippocampi over winter
CN102754610A (en) * 2012-04-24 2012-10-31 中国科学院南海海洋研究所 Method for improving hippocampus kelloggi fry cultivating rate
CN103548725A (en) * 2013-10-18 2014-02-05 福建港德水产有限公司 Hippocampus kelloggi artificial breeding method
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CN105532527A (en) * 2015-12-14 2016-05-04 东山县益澳水产养殖有限公司 Ecological breeding method for Hippocampus erectus
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