CN107484510A - A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan - Google Patents

A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan Download PDF

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CN107484510A
CN107484510A CN201710691350.0A CN201710691350A CN107484510A CN 107484510 A CN107484510 A CN 107484510A CN 201710691350 A CN201710691350 A CN 201710691350A CN 107484510 A CN107484510 A CN 107484510A
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parts
selenium
balsam pear
ruan
big
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不公告发明人
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Foshan Kai Kai Institute Of Agriculture (general Partnership)
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Foshan Kai Kai Institute Of Agriculture (general Partnership)
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G24/00Growth substrates; Culture media; Apparatus or methods therefor
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C1/00Apparatus, or methods of use thereof, for testing or treating seed, roots, or the like, prior to sowing or planting
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01CPLANTING; SOWING; FERTILISING
    • A01C21/00Methods of fertilizing, sowing or planting
    • A01C21/005Following a specific plan, e.g. pattern
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05BPHOSPHATIC FERTILISERS
    • C05B7/00Fertilisers based essentially on alkali or ammonium orthophosphates
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05CNITROGENOUS FERTILISERS
    • C05C9/00Fertilisers containing urea or urea compounds
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G3/00Mixtures of one or more fertilisers with additives not having a specially fertilising activity
    • CCHEMISTRY; METALLURGY
    • C05FERTILISERS; MANUFACTURE THEREOF
    • C05GMIXTURES OF FERTILISERS COVERED INDIVIDUALLY BY DIFFERENT SUBCLASSES OF CLASS C05; MIXTURES OF ONE OR MORE FERTILISERS WITH MATERIALS NOT HAVING A SPECIFIC FERTILISING ACTIVITY, e.g. PESTICIDES, SOIL-CONDITIONERS, WETTING AGENTS; FERTILISERS CHARACTERISED BY THEIR FORM
    • C05G5/00Fertilisers characterised by their form
    • C05G5/20Liquid fertilisers
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/20Reduction of greenhouse gas [GHG] emissions in agriculture, e.g. CO2
    • Y02P60/21Dinitrogen oxide [N2O], e.g. using aquaponics, hydroponics or efficiency measures

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan, tank farming is employed, utilizes clinker:Maize straw:Chicken manure=2:2:1 is made seedling medium, and seed is sown into seedling medium and germinateed, then by seedling replanting into the cultivating bag containing matrix and base manure, by supplementing fertilizer outside root in the growth period of balsam pear, foliar fertilizer, promote plant growth, the nutriment needed for plant is provided, so as to obtain selenium-rich balsam pear.

Description

A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan
Technical field
The present invention relates to vegetables and fruits planting technology field, and in particular to a kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan.
Background technology
Du's Ruan's balsam pear is Jiangmen City of Guangdong Province Pengjiang District Du Ruanzhen special product.Du Ruan is big, and top balsam pear (also known as balsam pear) feature is Melon type is loose, is similar to pawpaw, and flat-top grain is thick, and meat thickness color is green, mildly bitter flavor and sweet, sharp and clear no slag, type U.S. of fine quality are famous, be other productions The balsam pear on ground is unrivaled.Ruan's balsam pear of shutting out is national agricultural product geographical indication protection product.
Contain a kind of glucoside in the nutritional ingredient and food medicine value balsam pear fruit of balsam pear, there is special bitter taste, so grieving Melon.Balsam pear is nutritious for vegetable consumption, and it is rich in protein, carbohydrate, phosphorus, calcium, iron, potassium, carrotene, thiamine, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin A, dietary fiber and various bioactive ingredients etc., balsam pear also contain 8 kinds of amino acid necessary to human body, Recorded according to Baidu library, it is necessary to amino acid content 38%, approached with the content of ganoderma lucidum brocade cream powder, the content of wherein tyrosine is special Height, total amino acid content are even above wild ginseng and American Ginseng.The medical value of balsam pear is also very high,《Compendium of Materia Medica》Record, balsam pear Except heat symptoms caused by an exopathgen, solution is tired, clear away heart-fire improving eyesight, bitter melon seed QI invigorating establishing-Yang.Modern medicine research thinks that balsam pear is cold in nature cold, have clearing heat-fire, Removing toxic substances, improving eyesight, gas essence filling, the effect of relieving summer heat etc. of quenching the thirst.Charantin and bitter principle in balsam pear can increase appetite, spleen benefiting and stimulating the appetite, Its contained alkaloids substance " quinine " has the effect of bringing down a fever etc. of diuresis anti inflammatory blood quickening.
Chinese patent《A kind of implantation methods of balsam pear》(number of patent application:CN201610454941.1 a kind of hardship) is disclosed The implantation methods of melon, mainly include seed and soak, nursery, transplant, fertilising, deinsectization, harvesting.This implantation methods is simple, uses kind Son carries out nursery, and the bud ratio of seed is high, and the survival rate after seedling replanting is high, and resistance against diseases is strong, greatly improves balsam pear plantation Economic value, carry out top dressing in florescence in later stage, the yield of balsam pear can be significantly improved.But with the raising of people's lives, Balsam pear demand increases increasingly, not only needs year-round supply, and needs pollution-free product, safety, health.
The content of the invention
In order to solve the above problems, the invention provides a kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan, planted using without soil Training mode, accomplish that product is pollution-free and yield is high, quality better, moreover it is possible to save water, fertilizer, reduce labor intensity, do not planted by soil Control.
The present invention can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan, comprise the following steps:
(1) seed treatment:With 1000 times of liquid seed soaking 30-60min of formalin, then bound up with gauze with moistening, in 20-30 Vernalization 18-24h at DEG C;
(2) substrate seedling:Seed is sown into the hole tray equipped with seedling medium, then one layer of seedling medium of lid, daily with educating Seedling nutrient solution wetting seedling medium 1 time;
(3) seedling replanting:Seedling replanting to cultivating bag is colonized, plantation matrix uses base manure volume with plantation in cultivating bag Than for 2-3:1, matrix is soaked with clear water after field planting, plantation Solution culture method is used to before blooming after transplanting 20d, Post flowering is used plus selenium Solution culture method;
(4) foliage fertilization:
A. melon seedling take out it is climing before, the boron fertilizer per 7-10d foliage-sprays 0.05%-0.1%, spray 3-5 times altogether;
B. Post flowering, per 6-8d foliage-spray 0.2-0.4% sodium selenites, 0.03-0.05% humic acid, 0.1-0.3% Urea mixed solution fertilizer;
C. fruit expanding period, per 3-4d foliage-spray 0.2-0.6% urea, 0.1-0.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 0.4- 0.6% sodium selenite mixing liquid fertilizer;
D. take out the climing phase, the time of infertility, per 5-10d, garlic liquid was sprayed to melon is climing;
(5) pluck:Substantially expanded when sugar-preserved gourd grows to strumae, when top is shinny, you can harvesting.
Upper step (2) nursery nutrient solution is:Calcium nitrate 378-567mg/L, potassium nitrate 242.8-364.2mg/L, ammonium phosphate 46-69mg/L, magnesium sulfate 194.2-295.8mg/L;The nursery nutrient solution pH is 5.5-6.5.
Upper step (3) base manure is:Seaweed organism fertilizer 30-40 parts, EM organic bio-fertilizer 15-25 parts, humic acid 6-12 parts, nitre Sour calcium 6-8 parts, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 3-4 parts, potassium nitrate 3-4 parts, micro- agent 4-6 parts, ethene 4-7 parts, abscisic acid 4-7 parts.
The EM organic bio-fertilizers are freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement to be added to the fermentation of EM bacteria agent stoste after separation of solid and liquid odorless grain dress is made Fertilizer.
The seaweed organism fertilizer is:Take algae solution 6000r/min to centrifuge 8min, remove supernatant addition sterilized water and shake up, Centrifugation obtains algal gel again, and 80% ethanol is added into algal gel, is put into ultrasonic wave ice bath and crushes 15min, then shakes broken Broken liquid 1h, 15min is centrifuged with 8000r/min again, take supernatant to be evaporated under reduced pressure and remove ethanol, obtain extract solution mother liquor.
The micro- agent is:Fe-EDTA 300-400 parts, boric acid 40-60 parts, borax 30-40 parts, manganese sulfate 25- 30 parts, copper sulphate 1-1.2 parts, zinc sulfate 4.2-5.4 parts, ammonium molybdate 4.2-5.4 parts.
Upper step (3) matrix is clinker:Maize straw:Chicken manure=2:2:1, sterilized using preceding with 1-3% pulverized limestones, sprinkling Sterilized after 2-4% powder of carbendazim with 0.1% potassium permanganate.
Upper step (3) plants nutrient solution:Calcium nitrate 380-570mg/L, potassium nitrate 324-486mg/L, magnesium nitrate 200- 300mg/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 62-93mg/L;The plantation nutrient solution pH is 5.5-6.5.
Step (3) plus selenium nutrient solution are:Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 93-139.5mg/L, calcium nitrate 570-855mg/L, potassium nitrate 486-729mg/L, magnesium nitrate 300-500mg/L, Fe-EDTA15-25mg/L, manganese sulfate 1.6-2.4mg/L, zinc sulfate 0.18- 0.26mg/L, copper sulphate 0.03-0.07mg/L, boric acid 2.4-3.6mg/L, ammonium molybdate 0.01-0.03mg/L, sodium selenate 1.2- 1.8mg/L;Described plus selenium nutrient solution pH is 5.5-6.5.
The present invention possesses following characteristics:
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present invention, strict control training is carried out to the big top balsam pear of Du Ruan The soilless culture for the condition of supporting, the big top balsam pear root system environment substitution soil environment of Du Ruan is manually created, effectively solves conventional soil The natural obstruction to the big top balsam pear plantation of Du Ruan is cultivated, so as to obtain clean hygienic, pollution-free, nuisanceless, quality better Du Ruan Big top balsam pear product.
The conventional inorganic matrix of present invention improvement coordinates the soilless culture method of nutrient solution, manure use and inorganic nutrients Liquid mixes organic substrate in suitable ratio and provides nutrition for the big top balsam pear of Du Ruan, plays the advantages of organic fertilizer slowly-releasing is long-acting, matches somebody with somebody The advantages of inorganic fertilizer effect is quantitative accurate soon is closed, more preferably more suitably nutrition is provided for the big top balsam pear of Du Ruan, significantly improves Du Ruan The quality and yield of big top balsam pear.
The present invention manually carries out the big top optimum environment of balsam pear root system of Ruan of shutting out according to the growth cycle of the big top balsam pear of Du Ruan The setting of condition, add stable selenate and the selenite being be easily moved respectively outside base manure and root so that present invention kind The big top balsam pear of Du Ruan of plant can accumulate more selenium compared to what conventional method was planted, so as to which selenium-rich Du Ruan for obtaining high-quality is big Push up balsam pear product.
Soilless culture is not have to natural soil, but crop-planting in certain container, timing, quantitatively supply battalion Nutrient solution, coordinate the administrative skill of science, enable raise crop normal growth, obtain the cultivation technique of good quality and high output.Planted without soil Training can be accomplished to be monitored and regulate and control according to the needs of crop growth from cultivating facility to environmental Kuznets Curves, with traditional soil Earth cultivation, which is compared, has plant growth fast, and yield is high, quality better;Exempt the continuous cropping obstacle of soil cultivation;Water-saving, save fertilizer, saving of labor; Make full use of space;The advantages that realizing arable farming automation, management modernization.A kind of selenium-rich Du Ruan great Ding of the present invention Balsam pear implantation methods, by studying the influence to quantity production of bitter melon such as planting environment, planting type, nutrient specification, sum up a set of The cultivation technique without soil of the high-quality big top balsam pear of selenium-rich Du Ruan of more ripe acquisition.
Soilless culture is that solve soil in protected field continuous cropping barrier, improve the effective ways that cultivable land does not utilize, most of nothings Soil cultivation is slot type, and the correlative study and report that pocket type soilless culture is used in balsam pear plantation are very few, but bag training simplifies The fertilising of soil cultivation, plough, the link such as site preparation and ridging, reduce labor intensity, improve efficiency, while its matrix Dosage is few, convenient transportation, is easy to standardized production and management, is the important development of following China's vegetables in day-light greenhouse cultivation mode Direction.
Embodiment
In order that the technical means, the inventive features, the objects and the advantages of the present invention are easy to understand, tie below Specific embodiment is closed, the present invention is expanded on further.
Embodiment 1
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, comprise the following steps:
(1) seed treatment:With 1000 times of liquid seed soaking 45min of formalin, then bound up with gauze with moistening, urged at 25 DEG C Bud 21h;
(2) substrate seedling:Seed is sown into the hole tray equipped with seedling medium, then one layer of seedling medium of lid, matrix use It is preceding to be moistened with clear water, soak seedling medium 1 time with nursery nutrient solution daily;
(3) seedling replanting:When seedling is grown to 31 heart of leaf, transplant to cultivating bag and be colonized, plantation matrix and kind in cultivating bag Plant base manure volume ratio is 5:2, matrix is soaked with clear water after field planting, plantation Solution culture method is used to before blooming after transplanting 20d, is opened Hua Houyong adds selenium nutrient solution culture;
(4) foliage fertilization:
A. melon seedling take out it is climing before, per the boron fertilizer of 8d foliage-sprays 0.075%, spray 4 times altogether;
B. Post flowering is fertile per the sodium selenite of 7d foliage-sprays 0.3%, 0.04% humic acid, 0.2% urea mixed solution;
C. fruit expanding period, mixed per the urea of 4d foliage-sprays 0.4%, 0.3% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.5% sodium selenite Liquid fertilizer;
D. take out the climing phase, the time of infertility, per 7d, garlic liquid was sprayed to melon is climing;
(5) pluck:Substantially expanded when sugar-preserved gourd grows to strumae, when top is shinny, you can harvesting.
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, the nursery nutrient solution described in step (2) are:Calcium nitrate 472.5mg/L, potassium nitrate 303.5mg/L, ammonium phosphate 57.5mg/L, magnesium sulfate 245mg/L;The nursery nutrient solution pH is 6.0.
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, the plantation described in step (3) are with base manure:Marine alga gives birth to It is 35 parts of thing fertilizer, 20 parts of EM organic bio-fertilizers, 9 parts of humic acid, 7 parts of calcium nitrate, 3.5 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 3.5 parts of potassium nitrate, micro- 5 parts of secondary element agent, 5.5 parts of ethene, 5.5 parts of abscisic acid;The EM organic bio-fertilizers are to add freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement after separation of solid and liquid Odorless grain dress fertilizer is made in the fermentation of EM bacteria agent stoste.
Above-mentioned seaweed organism fertilizer is:Take the algae solution 100mL that growth conditions are good, with 6000r/min centrifuge 8min, remove on Clear liquid, add sterilized water and shake up, centrifugation again, obtain algal gel 2 times repeatedly, 80% ethanol is added into algal gel, is put into super Sonication instrument, ice bath crush 15min, then shake broken liquid 1h, centrifuge 15min with 8000r/min again, take supernatant to subtract Ethanol is distilled off in pressure, obtains extract solution mother liquor.
Above-mentioned micro- agent is:350 parts of Fe-EDTA, 50 parts of boric acid, 35 parts of borax, 27.5 parts of manganese sulfate, copper sulphate 1.1 parts, 4.8 parts of zinc sulfate, 4.8 parts of ammonium molybdate.
A kind of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment is big to push up balsam pear implantation methods, and the plantation described in step (3) is clinker with matrix:It is beautiful Rice stalk:Chicken manure=2:2:1, in matrix before use, being sterilized with 2% pulverized limestone, then 3% powder of carbendazim is sprayed, finally used 0.1% potassium permanganate sterilizes.
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, the plantation nutrient solution described in step (3) are:Calcium nitrate 475mg/L, potassium nitrate 405mg/L, magnesium nitrate 250mg/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 72.5mg/L;The plantation nutrient solution pH is 6.0.
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, the selenium nutrient solution that adds described in step (3) are:Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium 116.5mg/L, calcium nitrate 712.5mg/L, potassium nitrate 607.5mg/L, magnesium nitrate 400mg/L, Fe-EDTA20mg/L, sulphur Sour manganese 2.0mg/L, zinc sulfate 0.22mg/L, copper sulphate 0.05mg/L, boric acid 3.0mg/L, ammonium molybdate 0.02mg/L, sodium selenate 1.5mg/L;Described plus selenium nutrient solution pH is 6.0.
Embodiment 2
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, comprise the following steps:
(1) seed treatment:With 1000 times of liquid seed soaking 30min of formalin, then bound up with gauze with moistening, urged at 20 DEG C Bud 18h;
(2) substrate seedling:Seed is sown into the hole tray equipped with seedling medium, then one layer of seedling medium of lid, matrix use It is preceding to be moistened with clear water, soak seedling medium 1 time with nursery nutrient solution daily;
(3) seedling replanting:When seedling is grown to 31 heart of leaf, transplant to cultivating bag and be colonized, plantation matrix and kind in cultivating bag Plant base manure volume ratio is 2:1, matrix is soaked with clear water after field planting, plantation Solution culture method is used to before blooming after transplanting 20d, is opened Hua Houyong adds selenium nutrient solution culture;
(4) foliage fertilization:
A. melon seedling take out it is climing before, per the boron fertilizer of 7d foliage-sprays 0.05%, spray 3 times altogether;
B. Post flowering is fertile per the sodium selenite of 6d foliage-sprays 0.2%, 0.03% humic acid, 0.1% urea mixed solution;
C. fruit expanding period, mixed per the urea of 3d foliage-sprays 0.2%, 0.1% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.4% sodium selenite Liquid fertilizer;
D. take out the climing phase, the time of infertility, per 5d, garlic liquid was sprayed to melon is climing;
(5) pluck:Substantially expanded when sugar-preserved gourd grows to strumae, when top is shinny, you can harvesting.
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, the nursery nutrient solution described in step (2) are:Calcium nitrate 378mg/L, potassium nitrate 242.8mg/L, ammonium phosphate 46mg/L, magnesium sulfate 194.2mg/L;The nursery nutrient solution pH is 5.5.
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, the plantation described in step (3) are with base manure:Marine alga gives birth to 30 parts of thing fertilizer, 15 parts of EM organic bio-fertilizers, 6 parts of humic acid, 6 parts of calcium nitrate, 3 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 3 parts of potassium nitrate, micro member Plain 4 parts of agent, 4 parts of ethene, 4 parts of abscisic acid;The EM organic bio-fertilizers are that freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement is added to EM bacteria agent original after separation of solid and liquid Odorless grain dress fertilizer is made in liquid fermentation.
Above-mentioned seaweed organism fertilizer is:Take the algae solution 100mL that growth conditions are good, with 6000r/min centrifuge 8min, remove on Clear liquid, add sterilized water and shake up, centrifugation again, obtain algal gel 2 times repeatedly, 80% ethanol is added into algal gel, is put into super Sonication instrument, ice bath crush 15min, then shake broken liquid 1h, centrifuge 15min with 8000r/min again, take supernatant to subtract Ethanol is distilled off in pressure, obtains extract solution mother liquor.
Above-mentioned micro- agent is:300 parts of Fe-EDTA, 40 parts of boric acid, 30 parts of borax, 25 parts of manganese sulfate, copper sulphate 1 Part, 4.2 parts of zinc sulfate, 4.2 parts of ammonium molybdate.
A kind of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment is big to push up balsam pear implantation methods, and the plantation described in step (3) is clinker with matrix:It is beautiful Rice stalk:Chicken manure=2:2:1, in matrix before use, being sterilized with 1% pulverized limestone, then 2% powder of carbendazim is sprayed, finally used 0.1% potassium permanganate sterilizes.
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, the plantation nutrient solution described in step (3) are:Calcium nitrate 380mg/L, potassium nitrate 324mg/L, magnesium nitrate 200mg/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 62mg/L;The plantation nutrient solution pH is 5.5.
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, the selenium nutrient solution that adds described in step (3) are:Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium 93mg/L, calcium nitrate 570mg/L, potassium nitrate 486mg/L, magnesium nitrate 300mg/L, Fe-EDTA15mg/L, manganese sulfate 1.6mg/L, zinc sulfate 0.18mg/L, copper sulphate 0.03mg/L, boric acid 2.4mg/L, ammonium molybdate 0.01mg/L, sodium selenate 1.2mg/ L;Described plus selenium nutrient solution pH is 5.5.
Embodiment 3
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, comprise the following steps:
(1) seed treatment:With 1000 times of liquid seed soaking 60min of formalin, then bound up with gauze with moistening, urged at 30 DEG C Bud 24h;
(2) substrate seedling:Seed is sown into the hole tray equipped with seedling medium, then one layer of seedling medium of lid, matrix use It is preceding to be moistened with clear water, soak seedling medium 1 time with nursery nutrient solution daily;
(3) seedling replanting:When seedling is grown to 31 heart of leaf, transplant to cultivating bag and be colonized, plantation matrix and kind in cultivating bag Plant base manure volume ratio is 3:1, matrix is soaked with clear water after field planting, plantation Solution culture method is used to before blooming after transplanting 20d, is opened Hua Houyong adds selenium nutrient solution culture;
(4) foliage fertilization:
A. melon seedling take out it is climing before, per the boron fertilizer of 10d foliage-sprays 0.1%, spray 5 times altogether;
B. Post flowering is fertile per the sodium selenite of 8d foliage-sprays 0.4%, 0.05% humic acid, 0.3% urea mixed solution;
C. fruit expanding period, mixed per the urea of 4d foliage-sprays 0.6%, 0.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 0.6% sodium selenite Liquid fertilizer;
D. take out the climing phase, the time of infertility, per 10d, garlic liquid was sprayed to melon is climing;
(5) pluck:Substantially expanded when sugar-preserved gourd grows to strumae, when top is shinny, you can harvesting.
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, the nursery nutrient solution described in step (2) are:Calcium nitrate 567mg/L, potassium nitrate 364.2mg/L, ammonium phosphate 69mg/L, magnesium sulfate 295.8mg/L;The nursery nutrient solution pH is 6.5.
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, the plantation described in step (3) are with base manure:Marine alga gives birth to 40 parts of thing fertilizer, 25 parts of EM organic bio-fertilizers, 12 parts of humic acid, 8 parts of calcium nitrate, 4 parts of potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 4 parts of potassium nitrate, micro member Plain 6 parts of agent, 7 parts of ethene, 7 parts of abscisic acid;The EM organic bio-fertilizers are that freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement is added to EM bacteria agent original after separation of solid and liquid Odorless grain dress fertilizer is made in liquid fermentation.
Above-mentioned seaweed organism fertilizer is:Take the algae solution 100mL that growth conditions are good, with 6000r/min centrifuge 8min, remove on Clear liquid, add sterilized water and shake up, centrifugation again, obtain algal gel 2 times repeatedly, 80% ethanol is added into algal gel, is put into super Sonication instrument, ice bath crush 15min, then shake broken liquid 1h, centrifuge 15min with 8000r/min again, take supernatant to subtract Ethanol is distilled off in pressure, obtains extract solution mother liquor.
Above-mentioned micro- agent is:Fe-EDTA400 parts, 60 parts of boric acid, 40 parts of borax, 30 parts of manganese sulfate, copper sulphate 1.2 Part, 5.4 parts of zinc sulfate, 5.4 parts of ammonium molybdate.
A kind of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment is big to push up balsam pear implantation methods, and the plantation described in step (3) is clinker with matrix:It is beautiful Rice stalk:Chicken manure=2:2:1, in matrix before use, being sterilized with 3% pulverized limestone, then 4% powder of carbendazim is sprayed, finally used 0.1% potassium permanganate sterilizes.
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, the plantation nutrient solution described in step (3) are:Calcium nitrate 570mg/L, potassium nitrate 486mg/L, magnesium nitrate 300mg/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 93mg/L;The plantation nutrient solution pH is 6.5.
A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan of the present embodiment, the selenium nutrient solution that adds described in step (3) are:Di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium 139.5mg/L, calcium nitrate 855mg/L, potassium nitrate 729mg/L, magnesium nitrate 500mg/L, Fe-EDTA25mg/L, manganese sulfate 2.4mg/L, zinc sulfate 0.26mg/L, copper sulphate 0.07mg/L, boric acid 3.6mg/L, ammonium molybdate 0.03mg/L, sodium selenate 1.8mg/ L;Described plus selenium nutrient solution pH is 6.5.
Comparative example 1
Difference with embodiment 1 is that after transplanting plus selenium nutrient solution concentration is 1.1mg/L.
Comparative example 2
Difference with embodiment 1 is that after transplanting plus selenium nutrient solution concentration is 1.9mg/L.
Comparative example 3
Difference with embodiment 1 is, sodium selenate is not included in the nutrient solution cultivated after transplanting.
Comparative example 4
Difference with embodiment 1 is, the potash fertilizer of equivalent is replaced into sodium selenite and selenous acid during foliage fertilization.
Comparative example 5
Difference with embodiment 1 is, in Cultivate administration, Post flowering is used per 2d plus selenium nutrient solution wetting cultivation bag as substrate 1 It is secondary.
Comparative example 6
Difference with embodiment 1 is, in Cultivate administration, Post flowering is used per 6d plus selenium nutrient solution wetting cultivation bag as substrate 1 It is secondary.
Comparative example 7
Difference with embodiment 1 is that whole process does not apply any selenous acid, sodium selenite and sodium selenate.
Compliance test result
Planted respectively according to the method for above-described embodiment 1~3 and comparative example 1~7, the big top balsam pear of obtained Du Ruan can Carry out Quality Identification.
As a result it is as follows:
As seen from the above table, the plantation product of embodiment is more dominant than the index of quality of comparative example, illustrates that inorganic matrix is matched somebody with somebody The soilless culture method and manure use for managing nutrient solution jointly can be cool for the big top of Du Ruan by suitable, complete step with inorganic nutrient solution Melon provides nutrition, plays the advantages of organic fertilizer slowly-releasing is long-acting, coordinates inorganic fertilizer effect to quantify the advantages of accurate soon, more preferably more suitable Ground provides nutrition for the big top balsam pear of Du Ruan, can significantly improve the quality of the big top balsam pear of Du Ruan.
Embodiment described above only expresses the several embodiments of the present invention, and its description is more specific and detailed, but simultaneously Therefore the limitation to the scope of the claims of the present invention can not be interpreted as.It should be pointed out that for one of ordinary skill in the art For, without departing from the inventive concept of the premise, various modifications and improvements can be made, these belong to the guarantor of the present invention Protect scope.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan, it is characterised in that comprise the following steps:
(1) seed treatment:With 1000 times of liquid seed soaking 30-60min of formalin, then bound up with gauze with moistening, at 20-30 DEG C Vernalization 18-24h;
(2) substrate seedling:Seed is sown into the hole tray equipped with seedling medium, then one layer of seedling medium of lid, sought daily with nursery Nutrient solution wetting seedling medium 1 time;
(3) seedling replanting:Seedling replanting to cultivating bag is colonized, in cultivating bag plantation be with base manure volume ratio with plantation with matrix 2-3:1, matrix is soaked with clear water after field planting, plantation Solution culture method is used to before blooming after transplanting 20d, Post flowering is used plus selemium nutrition Liquid culture;
(4) foliage fertilization:
A. melon seedling take out it is climing before, the boron fertilizer per 7-10d foliage-sprays 0.05%-0.1%, spray 3-5 times altogether;
B. Post flowering, per 6-8d foliage-spray 0.2-0.4% sodium selenites, 0.03-0.05% humic acid, 0.1-0.3% urea Mix liquid fertilizer;
C. fruit expanding period, every 3-4d foliage-spray 0.2-0.6% urea, 0.1-0.5% potassium dihydrogen phosphates, 0.4-0.6% are sub- Sodium selenate mixing liquid fertilizer;
D. take out the climing phase, the time of infertility, per 5-10d, garlic liquid was sprayed to melon is climing;
(5) pluck:Substantially expanded when sugar-preserved gourd grows to strumae, when top is shinny, you can harvesting.
A kind of 2. big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step (2) Nursery nutrient solution is:Calcium nitrate 378-567mg/L, potassium nitrate 242.8-364.2mg/L, ammonium phosphate 46-69mg/L, magnesium sulfate 194.2-295.8mg/L;The nursery nutrient solution pH is 5.5-6.5.
A kind of 3. big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step (3) Base manure is:Seaweed organism fertilizer 30-40 parts, EM organic bio-fertilizer 15-25 parts, humic acid 6-12 parts, calcium nitrate 6-8 parts, di(2-ethylhexyl)phosphate Hydrogen potassium 3-4 parts, potassium nitrate 3-4 parts, micro- agent 4-6 parts, ethene 4-7 parts, abscisic acid 4-7 parts.
A kind of 4. big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the organic lifes of EM Thing fertilizer is freshly-slaughtered poultry excrement to be added to the fermentation of EM bacteria agent stoste after separation of solid and liquid odorless grain dress fertilizer is made.
A kind of 5. big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the seaweed bio Fertilizer is:Taking algae solution 6000r/min to centrifuge 8min, remove supernatant addition sterilized water and shake up, centrifugation again obtains algal gel, 80% ethanol is added into algal gel, ultrasonic wave ice bath is put into and crushes 15min, broken liquid 1h is then shaken, uses 8000r/min again 15min is centrifuged, takes supernatant to be evaporated under reduced pressure and removes ethanol, obtain extract solution mother liquor.
A kind of 6. big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the trace element Agent is:Fe-EDTA 300-400 parts, boric acid 40-60 parts, borax 30-40 parts, manganese sulfate 25-30 parts, copper sulphate 1-1.2 parts, sulphur Sour zinc 4.2-5.4 parts, ammonium molybdate 4.2-5.4 parts.
7. being shut out according to a kind of selenium-rich according to claim 1, Ruan is big to push up balsam pear implantation methods, it is characterised in that the step (3) matrix is clinker:Maize straw:Chicken manure=2:2:1, sterilized using preceding with 1-3% pulverized limestones, spray 2-4% carbendazim powders Sterilized after agent with 0.1% potassium permanganate.
A kind of 8. big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step (3) Planting nutrient solution is:Calcium nitrate 380-570mg/L, potassium nitrate 324-486mg/L, magnesium nitrate 200-300mg/L, potassium dihydrogen phosphate 62-93mg/L;The plantation nutrient solution pH is 5.5-6.5.
A kind of 9. big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the step (3) The selenium nutrient solution is added to be:Potassium dihydrogen phosphate 93-139.5mg/L, calcium nitrate 570-855mg/L, potassium nitrate 486-729mg/L, nitric acid Magnesium 300-500mg/L, Fe-EDTA15-25mg/L, manganese sulfate 1.6-2.4mg/L, zinc sulfate 0.18-0.26mg/L, copper sulphate 0.03-0.07mg/L, boric acid 2.4-3.6mg/L, ammonium molybdate 0.01-0.03mg/L, sodium selenate 1.2-1.8mg/L;Described plus selenium Nutrient solution pH is 5.5-6.5.
CN201710691350.0A 2017-08-12 2017-08-12 A kind of big top balsam pear implantation methods of selenium-rich Du Ruan Pending CN107484510A (en)

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Application publication date: 20171219