CN107478783A - A kind of below properties study equipment - Google Patents

A kind of below properties study equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107478783A
CN107478783A CN201710858685.7A CN201710858685A CN107478783A CN 107478783 A CN107478783 A CN 107478783A CN 201710858685 A CN201710858685 A CN 201710858685A CN 107478783 A CN107478783 A CN 107478783A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
base
plant
root system
planting tube
chassis
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710858685.7A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
何光熊
张梦寅
史亮涛
方海东
闫帮国
范建成
孙毅
樊博
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL ECO-AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES YUNAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Original Assignee
RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL ECO-AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES YUNAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL ECO-AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES YUNAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES filed Critical RESEARCH INSTITUTE OF TROPICAL ECO-AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES YUNAN ACADEMY OF AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
Priority to CN201710858685.7A priority Critical patent/CN107478783A/en
Publication of CN107478783A publication Critical patent/CN107478783A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G7/00Botany in general
    • A01G7/06Treatment of growing trees or plants, e.g. for preventing decay of wood, for tingeing flowers or wood, for prolonging the life of plants
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers
    • A01G9/028Multi-compartmented pots
    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01NINVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
    • G01N33/00Investigating or analysing materials by specific methods not covered by groups G01N1/00 - G01N31/00
    • G01N33/0098Plants or trees

Abstract

The invention belongs to plant characteristics research field, more particularly to a kind of below properties study equipment, including chassis, base, planting tube, transparent pipe and scanner, base on the chassis, the planting tube lower end is fixedly installed in base, transparent pipe is provided with the planting tube, scanner is provided with transparent pipe.Energy regularization guiding root system of plant of the invention grows downwards, avoids root system of plant from spreading, facilitates root system to observe and study;Root system of plant can be scanned in growing process, realizes the remote observation of root system of plant dynamic growth and research;Plant growth place can be conveniently and efficiently moved, meets environment and extraneous factor needed for plant growth, ensures the good upgrowth situation of plant.

Description

A kind of below properties study equipment
Technical field
The invention belongs to plant characteristics research field, and in particular to a kind of below properties study equipment.
Background technology
Below properties study is mainly reflected in the research of root system of plant dynamic growth, because root system of plant to be studied is hidden Underground is hidden in, its root system produces irregular diffusion, is unfavorable for the observation of root system dynamic growth and research.And to being hidden in underground Root system of plant is observed and identification is difficult to directly carry out, and cautious need to be moved to root system of plant outside soil, or by without earth culture Foster mode is observed.And the measure of the morphological configurations and each biomass for root system requires that root system must be complete, so root Tying up to take out in soil course should keep indeformable, not shift, to ensure the integrality of root system.But traditional plant root system took out Cheng Zhong, exist and be easily damaged root system, it is difficult to ensure root system of plant it is indeformable, undesirable element and the difficulty such as do not shift, it is impossible to The shortcomings that going out accurate observation result.Observation of plant root system dynamic growth process is cumbersome simultaneously, operating difficulties, easily damages plant, Plant growth characteristics are influenceed, so as to deviate below properties study accuracy.
The content of the invention
To solve the problems, such as that above technology is present, the present invention provides a kind of below properties study equipment, can guide plant Thing root system is grown downwards, and root system of plant is scanned in growing process, realizes that root system of plant dynamic growth is studied.
Its technical scheme is:
A kind of below properties study equipment, including chassis, base, planting tube, transparent pipe and scanner, the chassis upper tube Seat, the planting tube lower end is fixedly installed in base, transparent pipe is provided with the planting tube, scanning is provided with transparent pipe Instrument.
Further, it is articulated to include fixed semicanal, movable semicanal and connection sheet, described fixed semicanal one end for the planting tube The other end of one end of movable semicanal, the fixed semicanal and movable semicanal is correspondingly arranged on planting tube connection sheet.
Further, the base is arranged to spacer screen with chassis contact surface, and planting tube lower end contacts with spacer screen.
Further, the base is consolidated including fixing half base, movable half base and base connection sheet, half base of fixing Surely it is arranged on chassis, described one end for fixing articulated movable half base in half base one end is described to fix half base and activity The other end of half base is correspondingly arranged on base connection sheet.
Further, transparent base is provided with the chassis in the middle part of the base, the transparent pipe lower end is arranged on transparent pipe In seat.
Further, transparent base is provided with the spacer screen middle part in the base, the transparent pipe lower end is arranged on transparent In base.
Further, it is connected to catch bar above the scanner.
Further, it is provided with universal wheel below the chassis.
Further, framework is provided with the chassis, handle is provided with the framework.
Beneficial effects of the present invention:
(1)Energy regularization guiding root system of plant of the invention grows downwards, avoids root system of plant from spreading, facilitates root system to observe and grind Study carefully;
(2)The present invention can scan root system of plant in growing process, realize the observation of remote root system of plant dynamic growth and Research;
(3)The present invention can conveniently and efficiently move plant growth place, meet environment and extraneous factor needed for plant growth, protect Demonstrate,prove the good upgrowth situation of plant;
(4)When the present invention takes out root system of plant in soil, it can keep that root system is indeformable, does not shift, to ensure the integrality of root system, Facilitate follow-up correlative study.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of below properties study equipment;
Wherein, 1- chassis, 2- universal wheels, 3- frameworks, 4- spacer screens, the transparent bases of 5-, 6- bases, 601- fix half base, 602- Movable half base, 603- base connection sheets, 7- planting tubes, 701- fix semicanal, 702- activity semicanals, the connection of 703- planting tubes Piece, 8- transparent pipes, 9- scanners, 10- catch bars, 11- handles.
Embodiment
As shown in figure 1, a kind of below properties study equipment, including chassis 1, base 6, planting tube 7, the and of transparent pipe 8 Scanner 9, base 6 on the chassis 1, the lower end of planting tube 7 is fixedly installed in base 6, is provided with the planting tube 7 Transparent pipe 8, scanner 9 is provided with transparent pipe 8.
When equipment operates, soil matrix is placed with planting tube 7, transparent pipe 8 is in soil matrix, root system of plant plantation In soil matrix.Planting tube 7 is pvc tubing, and its cross-sectional area is smaller, limits the space of root system of plant horizontal proliferation, from And guide root system of plant to be grown downwards along transparent pipe 8, increase the scope of the scanning root system of plant in transparent pipe 8 of scanner 9 And effect.
The planting tube 7 includes fixed semicanal 701, movable semicanal 702 and connection sheet 703, described fixed one end of semicanal 701 One end of articulated movable semicanal 702, the other end of the fixed semicanal 701 and movable semicanal 702 are correspondingly arranged on planting tube Connection sheet 703.
Soil matrix is placed with planting tube 7, lower end is fixedly mounted in base 6.Treat that the root system of plant in planting tube 7 moves After state observation on Growth terminates, planting tube 7, and opening activity semicanal 702 are removed, plant and soil matrix is taken out, gently removes soil base Matter, can keep that root system of plant is indeformable, does not shift, and improve follow-up root system research quality.
The base 6 is arranged to spacer screen 4 with the contact surface of chassis 1, and the lower end of planting tube 7 contacts with spacer screen 4.
After being drenched to the plant watering in planting tube 7 or by rainwater, unnecessary moisture can discharge from spacer screen 4, avoid planting The internal water accumulation of pipe 7, influences plant normal growth.
The base 6 includes fixing half base 601, movable half base 602 and base connection sheet 603, the fixed semicanal Seat 601 is fixedly installed on chassis 1, and described one end for fixing articulated movable half base 602 in the one end of half base 601 is described solid The other end of fixed half base 601 and movable half base 602 is correspondingly arranged on base connection sheet 603.
The base 602 of activity half on base 6 according to circumstances can be opened or closed, so as to easily and effectively fix or remove Planting tube 7.
Transparent base 5 is provided with the chassis 1 at the middle part of base 6, the lower end of transparent pipe 8 is arranged on transparent base 5 It is interior.
Transparent base 5 is provided with the middle part of spacer screen 4 in the base 6, the lower end of transparent pipe 8 is arranged on transparent base In 5.
The lower end of transparent pipe 8 is inserted in transparent base 5, conveniently fixs or removes transparent pipe 8.
The top of scanner 9 is connected to catch bar 10.
Scanner 9 can be controlled by catch bar 10 and moved up and down, and facilitate root system to scan.
The lower section of chassis 1 is provided with universal wheel 2.
Framework 3 is provided with the chassis 1, handle 11 is provided with the framework 3.
Handle 11 on framework 3 is promoted, the environment needed for plant growth and the external world can be met by the mobile device of universal wheel 2 Factor.
Operation principle:
When equipment operates, soil matrix is placed with planting tube 7, transparent pipe 8 is in soil matrix, and root system of plant is planted in soil In earth matrix.Scanner 9 is moved up and down by the control of catch bar 10, and root system of plant is scanned through transparent pipe 8, scanning knot Fruit is shown on computer by remote transmission, facilitates root system to observe and study.Plant growth promotes framework 3 on research equipment Upper handle 11, the environment and extraneous factor needed for plant growth can be met by the mobile device of universal wheel 2.Treat in planting tube 7 After the observation of root system of plant dynamic growth terminates, planting tube 7, and opening activity semicanal 702 are removed, takes out plant and soil matrix, Soil matrix gently is gone, can keep that root system of plant is indeformable, does not shift, improves follow-up root system research quality.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of below properties study equipment, it is characterised in that including chassis(1), base(6), planting tube(7), it is transparent Pipe(8)And scanner(9), the chassis(1)Upper base(6), the planting tube(7)Lower end is fixedly installed on base(6)It is interior, institute State planting tube(7)Inside it is provided with transparent pipe(8), transparent pipe(8)Inside it is provided with scanner(9).
A kind of 2. below properties study equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the planting tube(7)Bag Include fixed semicanal(701), movable semicanal(702)And connection sheet(703), the fixed semicanal(701)The articulated activity half in one end Pipe(702)One end, the fixed semicanal(701)With movable semicanal(702)The other end be correspondingly arranged on planting tube connection sheet (703).
A kind of 3. below properties study equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the base(6)The bottom of with Frame(1)Contact surface is arranged to spacer screen(4), planting tube(7)Lower end and spacer screen(4)Contact.
A kind of 4. below properties study equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the base(6)Including Fix half base(601), movable half base(602)With base connection sheet(603), it is described to fix half base(601)Fixed setting In chassis(1)On, it is described to fix half base(601)Articulated movable half base in one end(602)One end, it is described to fix half base (601)With movable half base(602)The other end be correspondingly arranged on base connection sheet(603).
A kind of 5. below properties study equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the base(6)Middle part Chassis(1)On be provided with transparent base(5), the transparent pipe(8)Lower end is arranged on transparent base(5)It is interior.
A kind of 6. below properties study equipment according to claim 4, it is characterised in that the base(6)Interior Spacer screen(4)Transparent base is provided with middle part(5), the transparent pipe(8)Lower end is arranged on transparent base(5)It is interior.
A kind of 7. below properties study equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the scanner(9)On Side is connected to catch bar(10).
A kind of 8. below properties study equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the chassis(1)Lower section It is provided with universal wheel(2).
A kind of 9. below properties study equipment according to claim 8, it is characterised in that the chassis(1)On set It is equipped with framework(3), the framework(3)On be provided with handle(11).
CN201710858685.7A 2017-09-21 2017-09-21 A kind of below properties study equipment Pending CN107478783A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710858685.7A CN107478783A (en) 2017-09-21 2017-09-21 A kind of below properties study equipment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710858685.7A CN107478783A (en) 2017-09-21 2017-09-21 A kind of below properties study equipment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107478783A true CN107478783A (en) 2017-12-15

Family

ID=60585593

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201710858685.7A Pending CN107478783A (en) 2017-09-21 2017-09-21 A kind of below properties study equipment

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN107478783A (en)

Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203661692U (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-06-25 河南省农业科学院植物营养与资源环境研究所 Crop root growth observing system
CN204968831U (en) * 2015-06-15 2016-01-20 中国林业科学研究院林业新技术研究所 A fixing device for showy plant roots of normal position monitoring
CN205103235U (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-03-23 华中农业大学 Survey test device is observed to soil body plant roots angle
CN205175920U (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-04-20 上海泽泉科技股份有限公司 Device that real -time supervision plant roots grows
CN205232920U (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-05-18 葛强林 Pin -connected panel removes plant case
WO2017015549A1 (en) * 2015-07-22 2017-01-26 UHV Technologies, Inc. X-ray imaging and chemical analysis of plant roots
CN106688666A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-24 暨南大学 Plant rhizosphere box and application thereof in micro-domain research of wet land plant rhizosphere
WO2017091622A1 (en) * 2015-11-24 2017-06-01 Hi Fidelity Genetics Llc Method and device for non-invasive root phenotyping
CN107064437A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-08-18 河海大学 A kind of assembled plant root growth and moisture absorption quantitative measurement device

Patent Citations (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203661692U (en) * 2013-12-24 2014-06-25 河南省农业科学院植物营养与资源环境研究所 Crop root growth observing system
CN204968831U (en) * 2015-06-15 2016-01-20 中国林业科学研究院林业新技术研究所 A fixing device for showy plant roots of normal position monitoring
WO2017015549A1 (en) * 2015-07-22 2017-01-26 UHV Technologies, Inc. X-ray imaging and chemical analysis of plant roots
CN205103235U (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-03-23 华中农业大学 Survey test device is observed to soil body plant roots angle
CN205175920U (en) * 2015-11-17 2016-04-20 上海泽泉科技股份有限公司 Device that real -time supervision plant roots grows
WO2017091622A1 (en) * 2015-11-24 2017-06-01 Hi Fidelity Genetics Llc Method and device for non-invasive root phenotyping
CN205232920U (en) * 2015-12-09 2016-05-18 葛强林 Pin -connected panel removes plant case
CN106688666A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-05-24 暨南大学 Plant rhizosphere box and application thereof in micro-domain research of wet land plant rhizosphere
CN107064437A (en) * 2017-06-21 2017-08-18 河海大学 A kind of assembled plant root growth and moisture absorption quantitative measurement device

Non-Patent Citations (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
邢军等: "氮磷肥对旱地小麦土壤水分与根系特性的影响", 《中国农学通报》 *

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Application publication date: 20171215

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication