CN107476230A - Riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail - Google Patents

Riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107476230A
CN107476230A CN201710803967.7A CN201710803967A CN107476230A CN 107476230 A CN107476230 A CN 107476230A CN 201710803967 A CN201710803967 A CN 201710803967A CN 107476230 A CN107476230 A CN 107476230A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning vehicle
brush
guardrail
autoguide
cleaning
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Granted
Application number
CN201710803967.7A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107476230B (en
Inventor
王文林
田君
周梓荣
尹玲
曹晓畅
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Dongguan University of Technology
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Dongguan University of Technology
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Priority to CN201710803967.7A priority Critical patent/CN107476230B/en
Publication of CN107476230A publication Critical patent/CN107476230A/en
Application granted granted Critical
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Classifications

    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01HSTREET CLEANING; CLEANING OF PERMANENT WAYS; CLEANING BEACHES; DISPERSING OR PREVENTING FOG IN GENERAL CLEANING STREET OR RAILWAY FURNITURE OR TUNNEL WALLS
    • E01H1/00Removing undesirable matter from roads or like surfaces, with or without moistening of the surface
    • E01H1/005Mobile installations, particularly for upkeeping in situ road or railway furniture, for instance road barricades, traffic signs; Mobile installations particularly for upkeeping tunnel walls

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail, cleaning vehicle includes control cabinet, water tank, brush adjusting apparatus and battery case, wherein control cabinet is arranged on cleaning vehicle upper end, for being controlled to cleaning vehicle, water tank is arranged on the both sides of cleaning vehicle, battery case is arranged on the bottom of cleaning vehicle, and cleaning vehicle also includes autoguide, and autoguide includes directive wheel, crawler belt, installing plate and adjustable spring.The present invention use riding type cleaning device, occupies little space, round the clock all can operation, it is efficiently convenient for traffic impact very little, realize whole-course automation and clean.

Description

Riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cleaning of guardrail on road, more particularly, to one kind on road riding type self- steering battery Drive cleaning vehicle.
Background technology
The work of existing cleaning guardrail is often carried out at dead of night except artificial cleaning not influence traffic, labor strength Height, working environment is dangerous, generally use mechanized cleaning, and cleaning device is typically arranged on the special engineering with water tank Che Shang, cleaning way mainly include three kinds of forms:(1) disc brush formula:Its brush diameter parallel in ground and perpendicular to guardrail plane, Brush face is parallel with guardrail face, is drenched disc brush bristle using the water in water tank, and in rotary manner by water from above-below direction Throw away, cleaned up the foul on guardrail by the bristle in disc brush, cleaning height by disc brush diameter restrict, water consumption compared with Greatly, to driver requested higher;(2) roller brush type:Its round brush rotation axis is in vertical direction, is brushed perpendicular to ground, during rotation Hair and guardrail tangential motion, are first drenched bristle with water, then in rotary manner by the bristle on round brush by guardrail Foul cleans up, but complicated, and bristle wear is fast, and water consumption is big, to driver requested height;(3) high-pressure wash:Directly profit Guardrail is wrapped with multigroup water jets under high pressure, rinsed well the booty on guardrail in a manner of flushing, cleaning performance is good, without easily Part is damaged, speed is fast, but guardrail is discontinuous face, and a large amount of water are wasted in gap location, and water smoke is big, requires high to water retaining cover, cost is high.
Therefore, there is water consumption is big, driver requested higher, cost in being cleaned the invention solves existing guardrail High, complicated and poor automatization level technical problem.
The content of the invention
The present invention based on brush formula, is improved design, due to existing according to the advantage and disadvantage of above-mentioned several wiper mechanisms Some guard bar washing devices are all above large-scale sanitation cart, therefore the requirement for road traffic is higher, and the present invention uses Riding type cleaning device, occupies little space, round the clock all can operation, it is efficiently convenient for traffic impact very little.
This problem of traffic is had a strong impact on during it is an object of the invention to solve cleaning guardrail, while need not artificially be done In advance, can voluntarily complete road cleaning, and can all weather operations in 24 hours, high-efficiency environment friendly noiseless.
The invention provides a kind of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail, the cleaning vehicle include control cabinet, Water tank, brush adjusting apparatus and battery case, wherein control cabinet are arranged on cleaning vehicle upper end, for being controlled to cleaning vehicle, institute The both sides that water tank is arranged on the cleaning vehicle are stated, the battery case is arranged on the bottom of the cleaning vehicle, and cleaning vehicle also includes Autoguide, the autoguide include directive wheel, crawler belt, installing plate and adjustable spring.
On the other hand, brush adjusting apparatus includes three brushs of every side all finished product shape distributions in both sides, is respectively Upper brush positioned at cleaning vehicle top, the middle brush at middle part and and bottom lower brush, using motor as power source progress Transmission.
On the other hand, brush adjusting apparatus is Height Adjustable.
On the other hand, brush adjusting apparatus includes locking device, arc chute, vertical chute, upper support bar, lower support bar And fixed rotating shaft, one end of upper support bar are arranged in arc chute, the other end is arranged in vertical chute, the one of lower support bar End is connected rotating shaft, and the other end is arranged in vertical chute, wherein lower brush keeps fixing, by the release of locking device and Lock the position adjustment to upper brush and middle brush.
On the other hand, crawler belt is enclosed on directive wheel in autoguide, and directive wheel and jackshaft are that empty set.
On the other hand, autoguide also includes connecting rod, the cylindrical hole being arranged in connecting rod, and is arranged on cylindrical hole In swinging support cylinder, adjustable spring sets and is connected on a mounting board and with swinging support cylinder, when crawler belt by from During the active force of guardrail, autoguide can deflect around the swinging support cylinder.
On the other hand, the crawler belt on directive wheel is two and is elastomeric material.
The cleaning vehicle of the present invention is advanced along guardrail using riding type-ride on guardrail, and lateral dimension is small, small volume, only The position of guardrail both sides small range is taken, very little is influenceed on vehicle normal pass;It is axially in parallel using brush tray type structure, its brush In ground, great purge disk can be filled, higher line speed, linear velocity and rotating speed and disk can be reached in the case where rotating speed is less high Diameter is directly proportional, and cleaning performance is good;On the other hand, brush axial dimension is smaller than roller brush type, and roller brush type is in order to reach higher Linear velocity, the diameter of round brush can not be too small, and vehicle lateral dimension can be made small, compact-sized, and it is minimum to take path space;Using two Group lithium battery driving, one group of walking for being used for car, one group is used for brush cleaning guardrail, green, without engine noise, electricity Pond can as electric bicycle quick-replaceable;By cistern water supply, water is thrown away with vaporific from brush, drenches brush bristle, is used Water is few, compares saving.In addition, water tank fast changeable or artificial direct water filling, are readily transported and are worked with transition, efficiency It is high;Using self- steering device, cleaning vehicle is according to the direction of travel for moving towards adjust automatically car of guardrail;Round-the-clock cleaning, automation Degree is high, while network remote can be used to control, and monitors its handling situations in real time;City guardrail is various informative, just differs, This Cleaning vehicle for guardrail can adjust the working depth of brush according to the height of work-yard guardrail, height between 800~1200mm Guardrail can once be cleaned and finished.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail cleaning process;
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail;
Fig. 3 is the schematic diagram of the brush adjusting apparatus of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail;
Fig. 4 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment one of self- steering device;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the embodiment two of self- steering device.
Embodiment
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail cleaning process, and referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 is to ride The structure diagram of formula self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail, the cleaning vehicle 1 include setting framework 2, are arranged on the top of framework 2 Controller 3, and the water tank 4 being hung on the both sides of framework 2, the bottom of framework 2 are provided with supporting plate, are easy to hold water tank 4, are arranged on Brush adjusting apparatus 5 in framework 2, in the self- steering device 6 that the bottom of framework 2 is set, relatively heavy battery case (not shown) Matching motor is arranged on the bottom of water tank 4 so that machine gravity is relatively low, it is difficult to overturns.In some cases, can be with Sun-shading rainproof plate is installed at the top of cleaning vehicle, is easy to work under different weather conditions.
Referring to Fig. 3, the brush adjusting apparatus 5 of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail is shown, the device 5 Height is adjustable, and the brush adjusting apparatus 5 includes three brushs of every side all finished product shape distributions in both sides, is respectively Upper brush 7 positioned at cleaning vehicle top, the middle brush 8 at middle part and and bottom lower brush 9, each brush includes bearing (not shown), and both sides are both provided with locking device (not shown), the arc of brush 8 in brush adjusting apparatus 5, in addition to pinning Shape chute 10, vertical chute 11, upper support bar 12, lower support bar 13 and fixed rotating shaft 14, one end of upper support bar 12 are arranged on In fixed arc chute 10 on the frame 2, the other end is arranged in fixed vertical chute 11 on the frame 2, lower support bar 13 one end is connected rotating shaft 14, and the other end is arranged in vertical chute 11, wherein lower brush 9 keeps fixing, passes through locking Position adjustment of the release and locking of device to upper brush and middle brush, to adapt to different guardrail heights.
The method of adjustment of the brush adjusting apparatus 5 is:First, locking device is unclamped;Then, the bearing of middle brush 8 can be by Lower support bar 13 leads that arcuately chute 10 moves around fixed rotating shaft 14, and at the same time the bearing of top brush is by upper support bar 12 Constrain and moved along vertical chute 11, when being moved to correct position, each brush is locked after reaching new position, finally, can Restart work.
Three brushs per side are mounted on sprocket wheel behind, are power source by a motor, using chaindriven method Drive simultaneously, Chain conveyer is also equipped with tensioning apparatus.
Referring to Fig. 4, the first embodiment of self- steering device is shown, the self- steering device 6 includes directive wheel 15, crawler belt 16 And connecting rod 17, the cylindrical hole being arranged in connecting rod 17, the swinging support cylinder 18 with cylindrical hole socket, adjustable spring 19 and installing plate 20, the crawler belt 16 be enclosed on directive wheel 15, directive wheel 15 is connected in connecting rod 17 by jackshaft, be oriented to Wheel 15 and wherein countershaft are that empty set.Adjustable spring 19 is arranged on installing plate 20 and is connected with swinging support cylinder 18, When crawler belt 16 is by active force from guardrail, self- steering device 6 can deflect around swinging support cylinder 18.
What is contacted with steel-guardrail is the crawler belt 16 of quality of rubber materials, and flexible crawler belt 16 can effectively reduce steel surface enamelled coating Abrasion.
Because crawler belt is enclosed on directive wheel, directive wheel and jackshaft are that empty set, and can be rotated freely, so as to reduce Relative slip between crawler belt and steel guard rail, one has contact to rotate.
Crawler belt is set to withstand guardrail by elastic force caused by this each spring, spring force can adjust, and be unlikely to push up to obtain tension aggravation With the friction of guardrail, meanwhile, if meeting larger side force in the course of work by chance, for example when turning, spring can be made a concession, and be unlikely to rigidity Dieback guardrail;What rear side is fitted with guider on front side of cleaning vehicle, so that car can be two to forward or backwards, motion is right Guardrail is implemented to clean back and forth.
Referring to Fig. 5, the second embodiment of self- steering device is shown, the self- steering device includes directive wheel 15, crawler belt 16, Different with the whole piece crawler belt of first embodiment, the crawler belt in second embodiment is two fillets, can reduce cost, and mitigates weight Amount, two directive wheels 15 are all connected by expansion link 21, and expansion link 21 is socketed with the bearing pin 23 on bearing 22, is set on expansion link 21 Adjustable spring 19 is equipped with, directive wheel presses to guardrail contact surface by this spring, and thrust can be changed by adjusting spring force, If running into larger resistance simultaneously, it can be shunk along spring direction, wherein directive wheel 15, crawler belt 16 and expansion link 21, flexible bullet Spring 19 can be considered an entirety, can also be swung around the bearing pin 23 on bearing, bearing 22 links together with installing plate 20, installing plate 20 are used to self- steering device with the framework 2 of cleaning vehicle being connected.The device can carry out self-conductance by swing around bearing pin 23 etc. To effect.
The cleaning vehicle of the present invention front and rear can be walked, and casing is oriented to before and after using, and two self- steering devices use crawler type, simultaneously Ensure that two-wheeled longitudinal length is more than width between two railings.The framework of whole casing can use panel method to design, and be divided into left and right And upper end plate, brush position is adjusted according to guardrail height, by the position of Reasonable adjustment plate, to ensure to be arranged on plate On brush normal work.
Whole cleaning vehicle is driven using lithium battery motor, environmental protection and noise is small, and use toothed belt transmission, ensure to scrub and Motion, and the drive device that its driving base advanced rotates relative to brush is independent.
Water tank can by monitoring worker's water filling, also can integral replacing water tank, it is more convenient succinct to make to change water.
The cleaning vehicle of the present invention uses adjustable brush tray type structure, and its brush is axially parallel to ground, can fill big Disk is cleaned, it is directly proportional in the case where rotating speed is less high, can to reach the diameter of higher line speed, linear velocity and rotating speed and disk, clearly It is good to wash effect;Driven using two groups of lithium batteries, one group of walking for being used for car, one group is used for brush cleaning guardrail, green, does not have There is engine noise;By cistern water supply, water is thrown away with vaporific from brush, drenches brush bristle, and water consumption is few, compares section About.In addition, water tank fast changeable or artificial direct water filling, are readily transported and are worked with transition, efficiency high;Filled using self- steering To put, cleaning vehicle realizes the whole-course automation of cleaning according to the direction of travel for moving towards adjust automatically car of guardrail, and cleaning efficiency is high, Due to that only with cleaning vehicle automatic guide, cost can be greatly lowered, round-the-clock cleaning can be achieved, automaticity is high.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail, the cleaning vehicle includes control cabinet, water tank, brush adjustment dress Put and battery case, wherein the control cabinet is arranged on cleaning vehicle upper end, for being controlled to cleaning vehicle, the water tank is arranged on The both sides of the cleaning vehicle, the battery case are arranged on the bottom of the cleaning vehicle, it is characterised in that the cleaning vehicle is also wrapped Autoguide is included, the autoguide includes directive wheel, crawler belt, installing plate and adjustable spring.
2. cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the brush adjusting apparatus is included in every side in both sides All three brushs of finished product shape distribution, the respectively upper brush positioned at cleaning vehicle top, the middle brush at middle part and and bottom Lower brush, it is driven using motor as power source.
3. cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that affiliated brush adjusting apparatus it is Height Adjustable.
4. cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that the brush adjusting apparatus includes locking device, arc is slided Groove, vertical chute, upper support bar, lower support bar and fixed rotating shaft, one end of the upper support bar are arranged on the arc chute Interior, the other end is arranged in the vertical chute, and one end of the lower support bar connects the fixed rotating shaft, and the other end is arranged on In the vertical chute, wherein the lower brush keeps fixing, by the release of the locking device and locking to upper brush and The position adjustment of middle brush.
5. cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that crawler belt is enclosed on the directive wheel described in the autoguide On, directive wheel and jackshaft are that empty set.
6. cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that the autoguide also includes connecting rod, is arranged on connection Cylindrical hole on bar, and the swinging support cylinder being arranged in the cylindrical hole, the adjustable spring are arranged on the installation It is connected on plate and with the swinging support cylinder, when the crawler belt is by active force from guardrail, the autoguide It can be deflected around the swinging support cylinder.
7. cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that the crawler belt on the directive wheel is two and is rubber material Material.
8. cleaning vehicle as claimed in claim 7, it is characterised in that the autoguide also includes expansion link, bearing and pin Axle, the bearing pin are arranged in the pin shaft hole above bearing, and one end of the expansion link is connected with bearing pin, and the other end passes through flexible Bar is connected on the directive wheel.
CN201710803967.7A 2017-09-08 2017-09-08 Riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail Active CN107476230B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710803967.7A CN107476230B (en) 2017-09-08 2017-09-08 Riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710803967.7A CN107476230B (en) 2017-09-08 2017-09-08 Riding type self- steering battery power Cleaning vehicle for guardrail

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CN107476230A true CN107476230A (en) 2017-12-15
CN107476230B CN107476230B (en) 2018-09-18

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110080140A (en) * 2019-05-13 2019-08-02 李召 A kind of municipal works Multifunctional road guard fence cleaning device
CN110387847A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-10-29 褚宇为 A kind of municipal administration road surface isolation guardrail cleaning device
CN110700160A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-01-17 济南圆纯设计有限公司 Crossing type dead-angle-free cleaning machine for road isolation fence
CN110984018A (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-04-10 宁波诠航机械科技有限公司 Guardrail inspection device
CN111663480A (en) * 2020-06-12 2020-09-15 温州市框恒智能科技有限公司 Road surface washing and washing integrated device capable of advancing along self-steering direction of road rail

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030023909A (en) * 2001-09-14 2003-03-26 일산건설 주식회사 Apparatus for cleaning tunnel
CN201314035Y (en) * 2008-11-04 2009-09-23 重庆市安洁环境绿化工程有限公司 Road guardrail cleaning device
CN101608436A (en) * 2009-06-11 2009-12-23 浙江大学 Automatic cleaning device for highway guardrail
CN106223238A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-14 杨嘉灏 Tunnel wall surface cleaning vehicle
CN107059714A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-08-18 广州展亚土木工程技术有限公司 A kind of freeway guardrail cleaning device

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20030023909A (en) * 2001-09-14 2003-03-26 일산건설 주식회사 Apparatus for cleaning tunnel
CN201314035Y (en) * 2008-11-04 2009-09-23 重庆市安洁环境绿化工程有限公司 Road guardrail cleaning device
CN101608436A (en) * 2009-06-11 2009-12-23 浙江大学 Automatic cleaning device for highway guardrail
CN106223238A (en) * 2016-07-25 2016-12-14 杨嘉灏 Tunnel wall surface cleaning vehicle
CN107059714A (en) * 2017-06-20 2017-08-18 广州展亚土木工程技术有限公司 A kind of freeway guardrail cleaning device

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110080140A (en) * 2019-05-13 2019-08-02 李召 A kind of municipal works Multifunctional road guard fence cleaning device
CN110387847A (en) * 2019-06-28 2019-10-29 褚宇为 A kind of municipal administration road surface isolation guardrail cleaning device
CN110700160A (en) * 2019-10-18 2020-01-17 济南圆纯设计有限公司 Crossing type dead-angle-free cleaning machine for road isolation fence
CN110700160B (en) * 2019-10-18 2021-05-07 湖南碧泰环保科技有限公司 Crossing type dead-angle-free cleaning machine for road isolation fence
CN110984018A (en) * 2019-12-18 2020-04-10 宁波诠航机械科技有限公司 Guardrail inspection device
CN111663480A (en) * 2020-06-12 2020-09-15 温州市框恒智能科技有限公司 Road surface washing and washing integrated device capable of advancing along self-steering direction of road rail

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