CN107472992A - A kind of waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device - Google Patents

A kind of waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107472992A
CN107472992A CN201710688876.3A CN201710688876A CN107472992A CN 107472992 A CN107472992 A CN 107472992A CN 201710688876 A CN201710688876 A CN 201710688876A CN 107472992 A CN107472992 A CN 107472992A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
base
waste
wheel
engaged
guiding
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Granted
Application number
CN201710688876.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107472992B (en
Inventor
裴天锋
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
NANTONG DONGFENG SPECIAL CABLE Co.,Ltd.
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裴天锋
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201710688876.3A priority Critical patent/CN107472992B/en
Publication of CN107472992A publication Critical patent/CN107472992A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN107472992B publication Critical patent/CN107472992B/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H54/00Winding, coiling, or depositing filamentary material
    • B65H54/70Other constructional features of yarn-winding machines
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H57/00Guides for filamentary materials; Supports therefor
    • B65H57/14Pulleys, rollers, or rotary bars
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B15/00Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H01BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS
    • H01BCABLES; CONDUCTORS; INSULATORS; SELECTION OF MATERIALS FOR THEIR CONDUCTIVE, INSULATING OR DIELECTRIC PROPERTIES
    • H01B15/00Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables
    • H01B15/005Apparatus or processes for salvaging material from cables by cutting
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G1/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines
    • H02G1/12Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof
    • H02G1/1202Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof by cutting and withdrawing insulation
    • H02G1/1248Machines
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02GINSTALLATION OF ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES, OR OF COMBINED OPTICAL AND ELECTRIC CABLES OR LINES
    • H02G1/00Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines
    • H02G1/12Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof
    • H02G1/1202Methods or apparatus specially adapted for installing, maintaining, repairing or dismantling electric cables or lines for removing insulation or armouring from cables, e.g. from the end thereof by cutting and withdrawing insulation
    • H02G1/1248Machines
    • H02G1/127Features relating to cutting elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65HHANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL, e.g. SHEETS, WEBS, CABLES
    • B65H2701/00Handled material; Storage means
    • B65H2701/30Handled filamentary material
    • B65H2701/34Handled filamentary material electric cords or electric power cables
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/82Recycling of waste of electrical or electronic equipment [WEEE]

Abstract

The present invention provides a kind of waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device, including base, the rolling-up mechanism being arranged on base, some threading mechanisms for being arranged on base and being engaged with rolling-up mechanism, the peeling procedure for being arranged on base and being engaged with some threading mechanisms, the guiding mechanism for being arranged on base and being engaged with peeling procedure, be arranged on the shut-off mechanism on base and between peeling procedure and guiding mechanism, and be arranged on base side be used for coordinate control the controlling organization of rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism, peeling procedure, guiding mechanism and shut-off mechanism;Using setting rolling-up mechanism on base, some threading mechanisms and shut-off mechanism, in order to avoid unstable phenomenon occurs in peeling, in peeling procedure front end, guiding mechanism is set, coordinated by controlling organization to realize the mutual collaborative work between each component, realize and preferably carry out quick separating and cut-out so that metal is each stored with crust, and then realizes the re-using of waste.

Description

A kind of waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device
Technical field
The present invention relates to waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device technical field, and in particular to a kind of waste and old cable material point From retracting device.
Background technology
Under the continuous development of national economy and the vigorously advocating of environmental protection, the machine using coal and oil as raw material Tool equipment is gradually being replaced by electrical equipment, such as electric boiler, electric automobile etc., such shift in product mix it is invisible it In cause rapidly to increase the demand of electric power, so the related enterprise of electric power develops various high load capacities, the transmission of high electricity is set It is standby to meet needed for present situation, wherein overhead transmission line collocation insulated cable is promoted the use of, and effectively prevent common power transmission line The problems such as road failure is more, energy loss is big, improve the reliability of power supply so that after circuit upgrades erection again, can produce Many waste and old cables, if orderly recovery can not be carried out, otherwise it is still suspended on original circuit, or by miscellaneous Random recovery is placed in outdoor stock ground, no matter wind and weather, it is that processing cost is too high and do not set suitably to trace it to its cause It is standby.
Authorization Notice No. CN205159943U discloses a kind of cable skinning machine, including support and two semi-circular plates, support by Two pieces of risers being placed in parallel and a transverse slat composition, the lower end of two pieces of risers are connected with transverse slat, shape between two pieces of risers Into workplace;Two pieces of transverse slats are provided with screw, the connecting rod through screw are additionally provided with transverse slat, between connecting rod and screw It is connected through a screw thread;Mounting groove is provided with the semi-circular plate, connecting rod is stretched into one end insertion mounting groove of workplace and supported Then the bottom of mounting groove, the groove of semicircular in shape is provided with the middle part of two semi-circular plates, when two grooves are stitched together The rounded through hole for being used for cable and passing through of Formation cross-section;The cutter in pyramid shape is provided with through hole;
Authorization Notice No. CN 202487960U disclose a kind of cable insulation device for peeling, including connection main body annular in shape, described Connection main body in there is positioning port, the detent mechanism that cable can be positioned on positioning port is provided with main body is connected, Peeling mechanism is additionally provided with connection main body.
Above two structure is disadvantageous in that:In use, need to realize that cable is exhausted by manually pulling cooperation The cutting of edge skin, being completely separated for cable conductor and cable insulation wrapper can not be realized, and manually pull cable conductor can be right The hand of operating personnel damages;And online peeling can not be realized, add workload during recovery.
The content of the invention
In view of this, purpose provided by the invention is in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, there is provided a kind of waste and old cable material point From retracting device, quickly crust can not only be separated with metal core, and is stored back into respectively by winding wheel Receive, and automatically cutting off for waste and old cable can be realized.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the technical solution used in the present invention is:
A kind of waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device, including base, the rolling-up mechanism being arranged on base, are arranged on the bottom Some threading mechanisms being engaged on seat and with the rolling-up mechanism, be arranged on the base and with some threading mechanisms The peeling procedure being engaged, the guiding mechanism for being arranged on the base and being engaged with the peeling procedure, it is arranged on described Shut-off mechanism on base and between the peeling procedure and the guiding mechanism, and be arranged on the base side and use In the controlling organization for coordinating the control rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism, peeling procedure, guiding mechanism and the shut-off mechanism;
The rolling-up mechanism includes the rotary shaft being arranged on the base, sets rotatable platform on the rotating shaft, is arranged on Multiple winding modules on the rotatable platform, it is engaged and is arranged on the rotatable platform for driving with the winding module The transmission mechanism of the dynamic winding module;
The threading mechanism includes the lead wire lever being arranged on the base, is arranged on the lead wire lever upper end and is used to clamp and lead The leadthrough module drawn, one end are connected with lead wire lever, the auxiliary telescopic bar that the other end is flexibly connected with the base;
The guiding mechanism includes the guiding bar being arranged on the base, is arranged on the guiding bar upper end and is used to enter cable The guide wheel group of row guiding, and the first motor being engaged with the guide wheel group;
The shut-off mechanism includes being arranged on the base and between the peeling procedure and the guiding mechanism Line bracket is held in the palm, the cable inlet bracket of the support line bracket upper end is arranged on, is arranged on the base and is located at by automatic lifting bar The 4th motor immediately below the cable inlet bracket, and the cutter plate being arranged in the 4th driving motor output shaft, The cable inlet bracket upper surface offers the elongated slot being engaged with waste and old cable along its length, is opened up on the cable inlet bracket so that institute The first breach of the waste and old cable in the elongated slot can be cut off by stating cutter plate top, on the cable inlet bracket and be located at institute The tension disc for rotating and being provided with for compressing waste and old cable by the first breach is stated, the movable end of the tension disc passes through buckle structure It is detachable to be fixed on the cable inlet bracket, can be stretched out for the cutter plate top is offered on the tension disc Two breach.
The rotary shaft is fixedly installed on the base by bearing, and the second motor is set on the base, and The output shaft of second motor is fixedly connected with the rotary shaft.
The transmission mechanism includes the 3rd motor being arranged on the rotatable platform, is arranged on the 3rd driving Main driving wheel on motor, multiple first driven pulleys for being arranged on the rotatable platform and being engaged with the main driving wheel, Multiple second driven pulleys being engaged with first driven pulley, in the centrally disposed transmission tube of second driven pulley, if The first tumbler put on the transmission tube and be engaged with the rotatable platform.
The winding module includes winding wheel, is arranged on winding wheel lower end and is used for the winding bar of winding wheel described in support rotating, It is described winding bar be connected by the second tumbler with rotatable platform, and be arranged on it is described winding bar lower end and described second from The linking module that driving wheel is engaged.
The linking module includes the friction plug being movably arranged on the winding bar, is fixedly installed in the transmission tube Drag ring on wall, it is arranged on the friction plug lower surface and the first expansion link being engaged with the winding bar.
The winding bar is round tube, and axially disposed fitting recess on the winding bar side wall, the friction plug includes setting The T-shaped pole in the fitting recess is put, is set in the friction sleeve being engaged on the winding bar and with the T-shaped pole.
First expansion link is Pneumatic extension bar or electric expansion bar, and sets and rotate in the Pneumatic extension bar bottom Joint, the electric expansion bar lower end set brush.
The guide wheel group includes guiding wheel support, the fixed roll wheel being arranged on the guiding wheel support, passes through elastic component It is movably arranged on the dynamic disk roller being engaged on guiding wheel support and with the fixed roll wheel, the fixed roll wheel and the described first driving electricity The output shaft of machine is fixedly connected.
The leadthrough module includes the wire leading wheel for being arranged on the lead wire lever upper end, is connected and sets with the lead wire lever Lead frame above the wire leading wheel, two second expansion link on lead frame is oppositely arranged on, it is flexible to be arranged on two described second The pressure strip of bar front end.
The lead wire lever upper semisection sets the 3rd expansion link.
The tension disc top is provided for temporarily being fixed the lever of waste and old cable close to the guiding mechanism position Cylinder.
The peeling procedure includes the peeling pole being arranged on the base, the annular being arranged on the peeling pole Knife rest, the toolbox for being used for peeling on annular knife rest is arranged on, and is arranged on the annular knife rest and is used to guide crust Directing plate.
The annular knife rest is located at toolbox cutting porch and sets peeling supplementary module;
The peeling supplementary module includes the first auxiliary rod being fixedly connected by auxiliary stand with the annular knife rest, is arranged on The first auxiliary disk roller on first auxiliary rod, the second help roll being movably arranged on by the second auxiliary rod on annular knife rest Wheel, elastic component is set between second auxiliary rod and the first auxiliary rod.
The toolbox includes the clamping plate groove being arranged on the annular knife rest, the peeling being arranged in the clamping plate groove Knife, it is arranged on the screwed hole of the clamping plate groove sidewall, the hold-down bolt being arranged in the screwed hole.
The present invention uses base as matrix, rolling-up mechanism is set thereon, and set and the rolling-up mechanism phase thereon Some threading mechanisms coordinated, and the peeling procedure being engaged with threading mechanism is provided in side, and in order to avoid shelling Unstable phenomenon occurs during skin, guiding mechanism is set in peeling procedure front end, coordinated by controlling organization to realize Mutual collaboration between each component, quick separating is preferably carried out with this, and metal core and crust are distinguished Storage, the scene that can directly remove waste and old cable again directly carry out ON-LINE SEPARATION, reduce the difficulty of work, and realize pair The recovery of waste and old cable, it is easy to be re-used it, reduces occupying and pollute to environment, also avoid due to being difficult to back The wasting of resources caused by receipts, while after the meeting can be by shut-off mechanism certainly when being wrapped over metal core or crust on rolling-up mechanism The dynamic cut-out for realizing waste and old cable, the metal core and crust that are wound into are removed so as to convenient.
In addition, the rolling-up mechanism used includes the rotary shaft being arranged on base, rotary shaft is used to be passed through for matrix Bearing is arranged on base, and rotatable platform is then set in its upper end, and is setting winding module thereon, in order to reduce electric energy Consumption, use single actuating unit to provide power for winding module, and use transmission mechanism dynamic for multiple winding module transmission Power, it is ensured that the stability of present apparatus operation;And in order to realize the rotation of rotatable platform, the second driving electricity is directly set in base Machine is coupled, and the second motor used herein is reducing motor, and its main motor is stepper motor, can Strengthen moment of torsion, and the control to rotational angle can be strengthened, realize threading mechanism with this and wind the excellent fit between module Close control;And the transmission mechanism used includes the 3rd motor being arranged on the rotatable platform, its 3rd drive used Dynamic motor is conventional motor, and it is as winding module winding crust or the power source of metal core;And it is arranged on motor Main driving wheel, four the first driven pulleys for being arranged on the rotatable platform and being engaged with the main driving wheel are and described Multiple second driven pulleys that first driven pulley is engaged, being transferred to step by step on each winding wheel for power, and second can be realized The centrally disposed transmission tube of driven pulley, and transmission tube is arranged on rotatable platform by the first tumbler, and first turn used Moving part is roller bearing or roller bearing.
In addition, the shut-off mechanism used includes being arranged on the support on base and between peeling procedure and guiding mechanism Line bracket, it is arranged on support line bracket upper end and is used to lift the cable inlet bracket for supporting waste and old cable, bottom is arranged on by automatic lifting bar The 4th motor on seat and immediately below cable inlet bracket, and the cutter being arranged in the 4th driving motor output shaft Disk, and offer the elongated slot being engaged with waste and old cable along its length in cable inlet bracket upper surface, while opened up on cable inlet bracket Cutter plate top is enabled to cut off the first breach of the waste and old cable in elongated slot, so when need not be to waste and old cable Automatic lifting bar is in contraction state so as to drive cutter plate to be in the lower section of the first breach, and now when carrying out cut-out operation 4th motor is in halted state, and when needing to carry out cut-out operation to waste and old cable automatic lifting bar stretch out upwards with Cutter plate is driven to enter in the first breach, and now the 4th driving electric motor starting is realized to waste and old with driving cutter plate to rotate The cut-out operation of cable, while in order to ensure that cutter plate will not arch upward shadow upwards when carrying out cut-out operation to waste and old cable upwards Cut-out effect is rung, rotates on cable inlet bracket and by the first breach the tension disc being provided with for compressing waste and old cable, and The movable end of tension disc needs to cut waste and old cable by detachable be fixed on cable inlet bracket of buckle structure to ensure to work as Tension disc is pressed on by waste and old cable top by buckle structure during disconnected operation, so as to provide the efficiency of cutter plate cutting, institute State the second breach that offers on tension disc and can be stretched out for the cutter plate top.
In addition, the winding module used includes winding wheel, the receipts that winding wheel lower end is used for support rotating winding wheel are arranged on Roll bar, winding bar are connected by the second tumbler with rotatable platform so that and it is non-interference between winding bar and the second driven pulley, And mutually freely it can be rotated on rotatable platform;And it is provided for realization in the lower end of winding bar and rotates coaxially and control turn The linking module of speed;And the linking module used includes the friction plug being movably arranged on the winding bar, the biography is arranged on Drag ring on dynamic inside pipe wall, it is arranged on the friction plug lower surface and the first expansion link being engaged with the winding bar;It is logical Cross unfolding for the first expansion link and realize that friction plug contacts with drag ring realization, and then cause the second driven pulley that power is transferred into receipts In roll bar, and then winding wheel is rotated, and can be by controlling the contact area of friction plug and drag ring to be received with dynamics to control The rotating speed of roll bar;And the winding bar used is round tube, and the assembling of rectangle is opened up in the side wall of winding bar in the axial direction Groove so that friction plug can move axially along fitting recess, and can pass through friction when friction plug is in contact with drag ring Plug is transmitted power, and the friction plug used includes the T-shaped pole being arranged in the fitting recess, is set in the winding The friction sleeve being engaged on bar and with the T-shaped pole;So that when setting expansion link on winding bar central axis, can receive Roll bar inwall is controlled, and the first expansion link used herein is Pneumatic extension bar or electric expansion bar, and in order to ensure electricity The supply stability of energy or source of the gas, swivel joint is set in Pneumatic extension bar lower end, and electric expansion bar lower end sets brush to enter Row power supply.
In addition, the threading mechanism used includes the lead wire lever being arranged on the base, the lead wire lever upper end is arranged on For the leadthrough module for clamping and drawing, one end is flexibly connected with lead wire lever, the auxiliary telescopic that the other end is movably connected with the base Bar;And the auxiliary telescopic bar used is electric expansion bar, flexible by electric expansion bar realizes that lead wire lever is swung, and realizes The crust of stripping and metal core are pulled and are fixed on the pneumatic-finger to winding wheel, can also be used certainly common Electromagnetic clamp, then reset after can play a part of guiding support;And the leadthrough module used includes being arranged on the lead The wire leading wheel of bar upper end, row line guiding can be entered thereon, and lead frame is set at an upper portion thereof, can be oppositely arranged thereon Two second expansion links, and pressure strip is set in the front end of expansion link, to realize to crust and metal-cored clamping;Also can simultaneously Realization carries out orderly winding on winding wheel, and when interruption is rewound, can carry out linking and continue to wind;In order to true Protect leadthrough module and obtain fine lead effect, in the position-limited wheel that lead frame upper end is provided for being engaged with the wire leading wheel, come Ensure arbitrarily adjust the position that crust and metal core are wound on winding wheel when winding wheel is wound.
In addition, the guiding mechanism used includes the guiding bar being arranged on the base, the guiding bar upper end is arranged on Guide wheel group, and the first motor being engaged with the guide wheel group;Support function is realized by guiding bar, passed through Guide wheel group realizes the compression and orderly conveying to wire, and the guide wheel group used includes guiding wheel support, is arranged on described The fixed roll wheel on wheel support is guided, is movably arranged on guiding wheel support and is engaged with the fixed roll wheel dynamic by elastic component Disk roller, the fixed roll wheel are fixedly connected with the output shaft of first motor;And annular knurl, energy are set on the fixed roll wheel used Enough increasing friction forces ensure the stability of circuit conveying, while play a part of guiding;And the first motor used is step Stepper motor, can be by obtaining the length and speed of its rotation on controlling organization, and then can obtain the length for peeling crust, makes Two second expansion links can realize to crust or metal core clamping when, can be reserved with end for pneumatic-finger or electromagnetism The length of clamping.
In addition, the peeling procedure used includes the peeling pole being arranged on the base, the peeling pole is arranged on On annular knife rest, be arranged on the toolbox for being used for peeling on annular knife rest, and be arranged on the annular knife rest and be used for Guide the directing plate of crust;Also cable has been carried out while realization to cable peeling by annular knife rest spacing to avoid cable The phenomenon of disengaging, while in order to avoid occurring the phenomenon for deviateing blade in peeling process, it is located at the cutter group in annular knife rest Part cutting porch sets peeling supplementary module, it is ensured that the phenomenon of cable deviation will not occur during peeling, while in order to adapt to not With the cable of model, the toolbox of use includes the clamping plate groove being arranged on the annular knife rest, is arranged on the clamping plate groove Interior bark knife, it is arranged on the screwed hole of the clamping plate groove sidewall, the hold-down bolt being arranged in the screwed hole;So that entering Only need to adjust the position of bark knife during row adjustment, and the effect that can ensure that peeling is compressed using hold-down bolt, while in order to Ensure the effect of peeling, upper and lower bark knife most short air gap is less than metal-cored diameter.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of guide wheel group of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the overlooking the structure diagram of rotating mechanism of the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the structure enlargement diagram at A of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the positive structure schematic of friction plug of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of leadthrough module of the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the side structure schematic diagram of peeling procedure of the present invention;
Fig. 8 is the positive structure schematic of peeling procedure of the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the overall overlooking the structure diagram of the present invention;
Figure 10 is the structural representation of present invention winding module;
Figure 11 is the overall another structural representation of the present invention;
Figure 12 is the structure enlargement diagram at B of the present invention;
Figure 13 is the side structure schematic diagram of friction plug of the present invention.
Embodiment
To make the purpose, technical scheme and advantage of the embodiment of the present invention clearer, below in conjunction with the embodiment of the present invention Accompanying drawing 1-13, the technical scheme of the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described.Obviously, described embodiment is The part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments.It is common based on described embodiments of the invention, this area The every other embodiment that technical staff is obtained, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment one
A kind of waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device, including base 1, the rolling-up mechanism being arranged on base 1, it is arranged on described Three threading mechanisms being engaged on base 1 and with the rolling-up mechanism, be arranged on the base 1 and with three leads The peeling procedure that mechanism is engaged, the guiding mechanism being engaged on the base 1 and with the peeling procedure is arranged on, is arranged on On the base 1 and the shut-off mechanism between the peeling procedure and the guiding mechanism, and it is arranged on the base Side is used to coordinate to control the rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism, peeling procedure, guiding mechanism and the controlling organization for cutting off structure 26;
The rolling-up mechanism is including the rotary shaft 4 being arranged on the base 1, the rotatable platform 21 being arranged in rotary shaft 4, if Multiple winding modules on the rotatable platform 21 are put, is engaged with the winding module and is arranged on the rotatable platform 21 On driving it is described winding module transmission mechanism;
The threading mechanism includes the lead wire lever 11 being arranged on the base, is arranged on the upper end of lead wire lever 11 and is used to clamp With the leadthrough module 10 of traction, one end is connected with lead wire lever 11, the auxiliary telescopic bar that the other end is flexibly connected with the base 1 2;
The guiding mechanism includes the guiding bar 15 being arranged on the base, is arranged on the upper end of guiding bar 15 and is used for electricity The guide wheel group 14 that cable guides, and the first motor 145 being engaged with the guide wheel group 14.
The shut-off mechanism includes being arranged on the base 1 and between the peeling procedure and the guiding mechanism Support line bracket 32, be arranged on the cable inlet bracket 33 of support line bracket 32 upper end, be arranged on by automatic lifting bar 34 described The 4th motor 35 on base 1 and immediately below the cable inlet bracket 33, and it is arranged on the 4th motor 35 Cutter plate 36 on output shaft, the upper surface of cable inlet bracket 33 offer the elongated slot being engaged with waste and old cable along its length 37, open up on the cable inlet bracket 33 and enable the top of cutter plate 36 to cut off the waste and old cable in the elongated slot 37 The first breach 38, rotate on the cable inlet bracket 33 and positioned at the side of the first breach 38 and be provided with for compressing waste and old cable Tension disc 39, the movable end of the tension disc 39 are fixed on the cable inlet bracket 33 by the way that buckle structure is detachable, the pressure The second breach 40 that can be stretched out for the top of cutter plate 36 is offered on line plate 39.
The rotary shaft 4 is fixedly installed on the base 1 by bearing 5, and the second motor is set on the base 1 3, and the output shaft of the second motor 3 is fixedly connected with the rotary shaft 4.
The transmission mechanism includes the 3rd motor 6 being arranged on the rotatable platform 21, is arranged on the described 3rd Main driving wheel 8 on motor 6, four for being arranged on the rotatable platform 21 and being engaged with the main driving wheel 8 One driven pulley 9, multiple second driven pulleys 19 being engaged with first driven pulley 9, at the center of second driven pulley 19 The transmission tube 17 of setting, the first tumbler 20 for being arranged on the transmission tube 17 and being engaged with the rotatable platform 21.
The winding module includes winding wheel 7, is arranged on the lower end of winding wheel 7 and for the winding bar of winding wheel described in support rotating 18, the winding bar 18 is connected by the second tumbler 24 with rotatable platform 21, and is arranged on winding bar 18 lower end The linking module being engaged with second driven pulley.
The linking module includes the friction plug 25 being movably arranged on the winding bar 18, is arranged on the transmission tube 17 Drag ring 16 on inwall, first for being fixedly installed on the lower surface of friction plug 25 and being engaged with the winding bar 18 are flexible Bar 22.
The winding bar 18 is round tube, axially disposed fitting recess in the winding side wall of bar 18, the friction plug 25 Including the T-shaped pole 252 being arranged in the fitting recess, it is set on the winding bar 18 and matches with the T-shaped pole 252 The friction sleeve 251 of conjunction.
The expansion link 22 is the Pneumatic extension bar that bottom sets swivel joint 23.
The guide wheel group 14 includes guiding wheel support 142, the fixed roll wheel 143 being arranged on the guiding wheel support 142, The dynamic disk roller 141 being engaged on guiding wheel support 142 and with the fixed roll wheel 143 is movably arranged on by elastic component 146, it is described Fixed roll wheel 143 is fixedly connected with the output shaft of first motor 145.
The leadthrough module includes the wire leading wheel 101 for being arranged on the upper end of lead wire lever 11, is connected with the lead wire lever 11 Connect and be arranged on the lead frame 102 of the top of wire leading wheel 101, be oppositely arranged on two second expansion link 103 on lead frame 102, It is arranged on the pressure strip 104 of two front ends of second expansion link 103.
The peeling procedure includes the peeling pole 13 being arranged on the base 1, is arranged on the peeling pole 13 Annular knife rest 124, be arranged on the toolbox for being used for peeling on annular knife rest 124, the annular knife rest 124 is located at the knife Have component cutting porch and peeling supplementary module is set, the peeling supplementary module includes fixing with the annular knife rest 124 and connected The first auxiliary rod 128 connect, the first auxiliary disk roller 127 being arranged on first auxiliary rod 128, passes through the second auxiliary rod 126 are movably arranged on the second auxiliary disk roller 125 on annular knife rest 124, the auxiliary rod 128 of the second auxiliary rod 126 and first Between set elastic component 130.
The toolbox includes the clamping plate groove 123 being arranged on the annular knife rest, is arranged in the clamping plate groove 123 Bark knife 122, be arranged on the screwed hole of the side wall of clamping plate groove 123, the hold-down bolt 121 being arranged in the screwed hole.
Base is arranged on automobile or sets wheel in bottom surface in the embodiment, freely moving for the present apparatus can be realized It is dynamic, enhance flexibility;And in order to ensure the intellectuality of the present apparatus, the controlling organization used can also use individual certainly for PLC Computer is controlled, and in the embodiment using electric energy can be the generator or external 220V that carry or 380V power supply, can also be the battery carried;The intelligent control to the system can be realized by controlling organization;
In addition, programmable controllers of the PLC used in the embodiment for routine, the angle that each motor can be controlled to rotate The data such as degree and rotating speed, the stroke of expansion link, travel switch keying, its specific control mode is conventional control mode, this Invention repeats no more;
In addition, the threading mechanism used in this embodiment is three, and when it controls the lead wire lever to tilt by auxiliary telescopic bar, It can be drawn with by two crusts and metal core to corresponding winding wheel, three used in the present embodiment threading mechanism is simultaneously Row is set, three threading mechanisms that can also use three angles at 45 ° to set certainly.
Embodiment two
The difference of itself and embodiment one is:
It is arranged on and is used for the directing plate 129 for guiding crust on the annular knife rest 124.
The upper semisection of lead wire lever 11 sets the 3rd expansion link.
The expansion link 22 is the electric expansion bar that bottom sets swivel joint 23, and the electric expansion bar lower end is set Brush.
The top of tension disc 39 is provided for temporarily being fixed the thick stick of waste and old cable close to the guiding mechanism position Bar cylinder 41.
For rectangular channel, it can be controlled the crust cut the directing plate used in the embodiment well, be avoided Unordered phenomenon, realize that more accurately length controls, the 3rd expansion link used can be realized in lead for electric expansion bar During winding, pass through the position of extension and contraction control crust or metal the core winding of the 3rd expansion link, it is ensured that the maximization profit of winding wheel With reducing the frequency of unloading, improve operating efficiency.In addition, in order to avoid shut-off mechanism by after waste and old cable cutting not by The waste and old cable of peeling comes off under the pulling force effect that self gravitation is formed from guiding mechanism, on tension disc top close to guiding Mechanism position is provided for temporarily being fixed the lever cylinder of waste and old cable, the thick stick so before shut-off mechanism cuts off waste and old cable Bar cylinder is compressed waste and old cable close to guiding mechanism side, so as to avoid the generation of cable obscission after cutting off.
Embodiment three
As shown in figs. 10-12:The difference of itself and embodiment two is:The bottom of base 1 is provided with road wheel 27, the rotation Four the first positioning convex 28 for being used to position are set on platform 21, and sets on base 1 and matches with the described first projection 28 The first position-sensing switch 31 closed, and first position-sensing switch 31 interconnects with the signal of controlling organization 26;
Four the second positioning convex 29 for being used to position are set on the winding wheel lower surface, and set on the rotatable platform 21 Put the second position-sensing switch 30 being engaged with second positioning convex 29, and second position-sensing switch 30 and the control machine The signal of structure 26 interconnects.
The first positioning convex and the second positioning convex used in the embodiment is truncated rectangular pyramids;And the first positioning used Projection can also be provided on rotatable platform, and the projection is located at the rotatable platform side position corresponding with winding wheel, and set The first position-sensing switch be arranged on the base on peeling procedure and rotary shaft central junction line, and then when realizing that turning to this goes out Trigger switch and cut off the electricity supply realize positioning phenomenon;And the first position-sensing switch used and the second position-sensing switch are existing Travel switch.
Example IV
The difference of itself and embodiment three is:Multiple be used for and wiring machine is set on the winding support bar 75 on the winding wheel 7 The pneumatic-finger 71 that structure is coordinated, the pneumatic-finger 71 pass through pneumatic tube 74 and the swivel joint 72 being arranged on winding bar It is connected, the swivel joint 72 is connected by the main tracheae 76 that side wall is set with the small air pump 73 being arranged on rotatable platform 21 It is logical, magnetic valve is set on the pneumatic tube.
The winding wheel used in the embodiment quickly can remove material for common detachable winding disk roller, and by Easily occur the phenomenon being broken when peeling, when leadthrough module clamps crust, drive lead wire lever to enter by auxiliary telescopic bar Line tilt, and slowly to tilt, the phenomenon for pulling apart crust is avoided, and because lead wire lever top is expansion link, can pass through Controlling organization realizes the control to the length of telescopic bar, enabling is coordinated with the pneumatic-finger of different height, is come with this Realize and the continued access for interrupting crust is wound, and the cooperation of the drag ring and friction plug due to setting, it can realize and winding is rotated The control of speed, can realize asynchronous rotation, this operation can both be operated by manual control controlling organization, and can also increased If sensor is operated.
The operation principle of the present invention:The present apparatus is moved at the circuit for needing to reclaim, and cable is assessed, if Need to be separated after confirming as recovery, then cable is passed through into guiding mechanism, and the thickness of cable sheath is measured, with this To adjust the gap between two bark knife blades;Then the front end of cable is put into auxiliary stand, then passes through guide wheel group On motor cable is advanced automatically, and by annular knife rest carry out peeling, and by controlling organization control draw The cable skin peeled is clamped and determines to peel crust according to the rotating speed of the motor in guide wheel group by wire module Length, when then length can be coordinated with the pneumatic-finger on winding wheel, crust is pulled to pneumatic-finger, Ran Houqi Finger of starting is clamped, and unclamps leadthrough module so that it resets and plays a part of Auxiliary support;
Then corresponding winding wheel is controlled to be operated, by controlling the contact surface between friction plug and drag ring, to realize Control to winding wheel speed, as the carry out winding wheel top of winding is rolling completely, sufficient application is obtained, will have been drawn Line bar retracted downward, and then so that winding wheel, the drum for being allowed to be formed are equal corresponding to crust and metal the core winding peeled is full For closely knit drum, by non-stop run, not only old circuit is transformed, and waste and old cable can have been carried out point Class is reclaimed so that it can directly be recycled, and avoided and first wound waste and old circuit, in the phenomenon reclaimed, be simplified Technological process, improves operating efficiency.Meanwhile automatic lifting bar is stretched upwards when needing to carry out cut-out operation to waste and old cable Go out to drive cutter plate to enter in the first breach, and now the 4th drive electric motor starting to drive cutter plate rotation realization pair The cut-out operation of waste and old cable, and when cut-out operation need not be carried out to waste and old cable automatic lifting bar be in contraction state from And drive cutter plate to be in the lower section of the first breach, and now the 4th motor is in halted state, it is waste and old so as to realize Operation is automatically cut off during cable material separation and recovery, substantially increases automatization level.
Described above is the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for those skilled in the art For, on the premise of principle of the present invention is not departed from, some improvements and modifications can also be made, these improvements and modifications It should be regarded as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

  1. A kind of 1. waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device, it is characterised in that:Including base, the winder being arranged on base Structure, some threading mechanisms for being arranged on the base and being engaged with the rolling-up mechanism, be arranged on the base and with The peeling procedure that some threading mechanisms are engaged, the guiding for being arranged on the base and being engaged with the peeling procedure Mechanism, the shut-off mechanism on the base and between the peeling procedure and the guiding mechanism is arranged on, and set It is used to coordinate to control rolling-up mechanism, threading mechanism, peeling procedure, guiding mechanism and the cutting machine in the base side The controlling organization of structure;
    The rolling-up mechanism includes the rotary shaft being arranged on the base, sets rotatable platform on the rotating shaft, is arranged on Multiple winding modules on the rotatable platform, it is engaged and is arranged on the rotatable platform for driving with the winding module The transmission mechanism of the dynamic winding module;
    The threading mechanism includes the lead wire lever being arranged on the base, is arranged on the lead wire lever upper end and is used to clamp and lead The leadthrough module drawn, one end are connected with lead wire lever, the auxiliary telescopic bar that the other end is flexibly connected with the base;
    The guiding mechanism includes the guiding bar being arranged on the base, is arranged on the guiding bar upper end and is used to enter cable The guide wheel group of row guiding, and the first motor being engaged with the guide wheel group;
    The shut-off mechanism includes being arranged on the base and between the peeling procedure and the guiding mechanism Line bracket is held in the palm, the cable inlet bracket of the support line bracket upper end is arranged on, is arranged on the base and is located at by automatic lifting bar The 4th motor immediately below the cable inlet bracket, and the cutter plate being arranged in the 4th driving motor output shaft, The cable inlet bracket upper surface offers the elongated slot being engaged with waste and old cable along its length, is opened up on the cable inlet bracket so that institute The first breach of the waste and old cable in the elongated slot can be cut off by stating cutter plate top, on the cable inlet bracket and be located at institute The tension disc for rotating and being provided with for compressing waste and old cable by the first breach is stated, the movable end of the tension disc passes through buckle structure It is detachable to be fixed on the cable inlet bracket, can be stretched out for the cutter plate top is offered on the tension disc Two breach.
  2. 2. waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The rotary shaft passes through bearing Be fixedly installed on the base, the second motor be set on the base, and the output shaft of the second motor with it is described Rotary shaft is fixedly connected.
  3. 3. waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that:The transmission mechanism includes setting The 3rd motor on the rotatable platform is put, the main driving wheel being arranged on the 3rd motor, is arranged on institute Two first driven pulleys stated on rotatable platform and be engaged with the main driving wheel, it is engaged with first driven pulley multiple Second driven pulley, in the centrally disposed transmission tube of second driven pulley, be arranged on the transmission tube and with the rotation The first tumbler that platform is engaged.
  4. 4. waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The winding module includes receiving Rolling wheel, it is arranged on winding wheel lower end and is rotated for the winding bar of winding wheel described in support rotating, the winding bar by second Part is connected with rotatable platform, and the linking module for setting the winding bar lower end to be engaged with second driven pulley.
  5. 5. waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:The linking module includes living The dynamic friction plug being arranged on the winding bar, the drag ring being fixedly installed on the transmission inside pipe wall, is arranged on described rub Wipe plug lower surface and the first expansion link being engaged with the winding bar.
  6. 6. waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:The winding bar is circle Pipe, described to wind axially disposed fitting recess on bar side wall, the friction plug includes the T-shaped branch being arranged in the fitting recess Bar, it is set in the friction sleeve being engaged on the winding bar and with the T-shaped pole.
  7. 7. waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The guide wheel group includes drawing Wheel bracket, be arranged on it is described guiding wheel support on fixed roll wheel, by elastic component be movably arranged on guiding wheel support on and with The dynamic disk roller that the fixed roll wheel is engaged, the fixed roll wheel are fixedly connected with the output shaft of first motor;
    The leadthrough module includes being arranged on the wire leading wheel of the lead wire lever upper end, is connected with the lead wire lever and is arranged on institute The lead frame above wire leading wheel is stated, is oppositely arranged on two second expansion link on lead frame, before being arranged on two second expansion links The pressure strip at end.
  8. 8. waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The tension disc top is close The guiding mechanism position is provided for temporarily being fixed the lever cylinder of waste and old cable.
  9. 9. waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The peeling procedure includes setting The peeling pole on the base is put, the annular knife rest being arranged on the peeling pole, is arranged on annular knife rest and is used for The toolbox of peeling, and be arranged on and be used for the directing plate for guiding crust on the annular knife rest.
  10. 10. waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device as claimed in claim 9, it is characterised in that:The annular knife rest is located at The toolbox cutting porch sets peeling supplementary module;
    The peeling supplementary module includes the first auxiliary rod being fixedly connected by auxiliary stand with the annular knife rest, is arranged on The first auxiliary disk roller on first auxiliary rod, the second help roll being movably arranged on by the second auxiliary rod on annular knife rest Wheel, elastic component is set between second auxiliary rod and the first auxiliary rod.
CN201710688876.3A 2017-08-13 2017-08-13 A kind of waste and old cable material separating and reclaiming device Active CN107472992B (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108147208A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-06-12 金世杰 A kind of automatic winding device
CN109036736A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-18 国网河北省电力有限公司沧州供电分公司 Waste and old cable recovery system
CN109799584A (en) * 2019-03-28 2019-05-24 广东亨通光电科技有限公司 A kind of stripping cable unit and with scale label cable stripping device
CN110071454A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-07-30 北京国电富通科技发展有限责任公司 Drainage thread clamps line leading device
CN110329838A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-10-15 芜湖航天特种电缆厂股份有限公司 The auxiliary wrap-up of light-duty Anti-interference cable
CN110660538A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-01-07 安徽国信电缆科技股份有限公司 Cable stripping equipment
CN110942869A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-03-31 无棣县余泽网具加工经营部 Environment-friendly waste collecting device for electric power construction
CN111214920A (en) * 2018-11-26 2020-06-02 裴天锋 High-efficient purifier in pig farm
CN111952018A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-11-17 朱立怀 Waste power line separating and recycling machine

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KR20100105101A (en) * 2009-03-20 2010-09-29 하나검사기술 주식회사 Rad waste cable stripper
CN204156433U (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-02-11 国家电网公司 A kind of waste and old cable peeling device
CN105098666A (en) * 2015-08-23 2015-11-25 春宾电缆集团有限公司 Operation method of wire stripping device for recovery and reuse of waste cable core
CN106300154A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-01-04 无锡华能电缆有限公司 A kind of Automatic continuous cable peeling segregation apparatus and separation method
CN206164015U (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-05-10 河南华通电缆股份有限公司 Electronic device of skinning of old and useless cable protection sinle silk

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20100105101A (en) * 2009-03-20 2010-09-29 하나검사기술 주식회사 Rad waste cable stripper
CN204156433U (en) * 2014-09-30 2015-02-11 国家电网公司 A kind of waste and old cable peeling device
CN105098666A (en) * 2015-08-23 2015-11-25 春宾电缆集团有限公司 Operation method of wire stripping device for recovery and reuse of waste cable core
CN206164015U (en) * 2016-09-14 2017-05-10 河南华通电缆股份有限公司 Electronic device of skinning of old and useless cable protection sinle silk
CN106300154A (en) * 2016-10-27 2017-01-04 无锡华能电缆有限公司 A kind of Automatic continuous cable peeling segregation apparatus and separation method

Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108147208A (en) * 2017-12-21 2018-06-12 金世杰 A kind of automatic winding device
CN109036736A (en) * 2018-08-24 2018-12-18 国网河北省电力有限公司沧州供电分公司 Waste and old cable recovery system
CN111214920A (en) * 2018-11-26 2020-06-02 裴天锋 High-efficient purifier in pig farm
CN109799584A (en) * 2019-03-28 2019-05-24 广东亨通光电科技有限公司 A kind of stripping cable unit and with scale label cable stripping device
CN110071454A (en) * 2019-04-09 2019-07-30 北京国电富通科技发展有限责任公司 Drainage thread clamps line leading device
CN110329838A (en) * 2019-06-18 2019-10-15 芜湖航天特种电缆厂股份有限公司 The auxiliary wrap-up of light-duty Anti-interference cable
CN110660538A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-01-07 安徽国信电缆科技股份有限公司 Cable stripping equipment
CN111952018A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-11-17 朱立怀 Waste power line separating and recycling machine
CN110942869A (en) * 2019-12-20 2020-03-31 无棣县余泽网具加工经营部 Environment-friendly waste collecting device for electric power construction

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