CN107472821A - A kind of logistics sorting equipment and its driving method - Google Patents

A kind of logistics sorting equipment and its driving method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107472821A
CN107472821A CN201710626181.2A CN201710626181A CN107472821A CN 107472821 A CN107472821 A CN 107472821A CN 201710626181 A CN201710626181 A CN 201710626181A CN 107472821 A CN107472821 A CN 107472821A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drive block
delivery board
axis drive
roller tooth
axis
Prior art date
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CN201710626181.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107472821B (en
Inventor
朱海华
王旭
唐敦兵
王盈聪
陈鸣
Original Assignee
南京航空航天大学
南京航空航天大学无锡研究院
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Priority to CN201710626181.2A priority Critical patent/CN107472821B/en
Publication of CN107472821A publication Critical patent/CN107472821A/en
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Publication of CN107472821B publication Critical patent/CN107472821B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B65CONVEYING; PACKING; STORING; HANDLING THIN OR FILAMENTARY MATERIAL
    • B65GTRANSPORT OR STORAGE DEVICES, e.g. CONVEYORS FOR LOADING OR TIPPING, SHOP CONVEYOR SYSTEMS OR PNEUMATIC TUBE CONVEYORS
    • B65G23/00Driving gear for endless conveyors; Belt- or chain-tensioning arrangements
    • B65G23/22Arrangements or mountings of driving motors

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of logistics sorting equipment, including delivery board and supporting plate, the bottom of delivery board is provided with several delivery board roller tooths, X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block are provided with supporting plate, X-axis drive block connects drive device with Y-axis drive block by transmission component, and several driving roller tooths are provided with X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block, drive roller tooth identical with delivery board roller tooth structure, and the spacing of two neighboring roller tooth can at least hold single roller tooth, when driving delivery board, the driving roller tooth of X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block is selected one and is meshed with delivery board roller tooth, and delivery board is driven to be moved along X-axis or Y-axis in units of the distance of single roller tooth.The present invention coordinates transmission by the roller tooth between drive block and delivery board, complete the purpose of sorting conveying, there is simple in construction, accurate positioning, strong applicability, operation quick and stable, different material pipelines can also be combined into, meet different operating environmental requirement.

Description

A kind of logistics sorting equipment and its driving method

Technical field

The invention belongs to Sorting Technique field, quick logistics sorting equipment and its drive more particularly, to a kind of transmission of roller tooth Dynamic method.

Background technology

Along with the fast development of e-business, supporting logistic storage industry and related logistics transportation, sorting, storage facilities Increasing concern is obtained, quick, flexible, high accuracy is newly wanting of being proposed to storage facilities of modern logistics storage sector Ask.

Product stream center can receive thousands of suppliers daily or the owner of cargo is sent not by various forms of transport With goods or commodity, these commodity are unloaded within the most short time and carried out by range of goods, the owner of cargo, storage space or transmission place Rapidly and accurately classify, and by these commodity transportings to appointed place (shelf, machining area, the shipment platform such as specified) It is required for quick logistics sorting equipment and system.Meanwhile when supplier or the owner of cargo notify logistics center by dispatching instruction delivery When, sorting system, which is also required to deposit from huge high-rise goods within the most short time, accurately finds the business for wanting outbound in frame storage system Product position, and requirement outbound is pressed, the commodity of the varying number taken out from different storage spaces are transported by dispatching place Concentrated to different tally regions or dispatching platform, so that entrucking dispenses.

The existing sorting device of logistics both at home and abroad mainly adds the combination of free degree manipulator using material conveyer belt, needs Substantial amounts of sensor device is aided in realize the positioning of transmitting procedure, meanwhile, working space environment once changes, it is necessary to supporting volume Outer ancillary transmission equipment completes the sorting of goods or commodity.Meanwhile above-mentioned logistics sorting device also generally existing craft flexibility Difference, cost is high, the defects such as reliability is low.

Therefore, it is necessary to a kind of new logistics sorting equipment, to meet the needs of this area.

The content of the invention

It is complicated, suitable to solve sorting device in the prior art it is an object of the invention to propose a kind of logistics sorting equipment With the problem such as property is low, cost is high, reliability is low.

Another object of the present invention is to propose a kind of driving method of logistics sorting equipment, realize conveying thing in above-mentioned thing Accurately, rapidly, continuously, smoothly conveyed on stream sorting equipment.

For the above-mentioned purpose, the present invention uses following technical scheme:

A kind of logistics sorting equipment, including delivery board and supporting plate, the bottom of delivery board are provided with several delivery board rollers Tooth, X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block can be movably provided with supporting plate, X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block pass through biography Dynamic component connection drive device, and several driving roller tooths are provided with X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block, driving roller tooth with Delivery board roller tooth structure is identical, and the spacing of two neighboring roller tooth can at least hold single roller tooth, when driving delivery board, X-axis The driving roller tooth of drive block and Y-axis drive block is selected one and is meshed with delivery board roller tooth, and drives delivery board along X-axis or Y-axis with list The distance of individual roller tooth moves for unit.

Wherein, transmission component includes positioning guide rail and screw mandrel, and positioning guide rail is arranged in supporting plate, and screw mandrel is led along positioning Rail is set, and drive device drives X-axis drive block or Y-axis drive block to be translated along positioning guide rail by screw mandrel.

Wherein, X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block are sheathed on corresponding screw mandrel, and it is equal to correspond to screw mandrel on two drive blocks Offer internal thread, X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block with positioning guide rail smooth contact.Ensure drive block along positioning guide rail Normal movement.

Wherein, drive device can use a servomotor, and servomotor passes through one end of shaft coupling connection wire rod, silk The other end of bar is arranged on positioning guide rail by bearing block.

Wherein, drive device can also use two servomotors, and two servomotors pass through shaft coupling connecting filament respectively The both ends of bar, two motors synchronously rotate in same direction.

Wherein, X-axis drive block has two, and horizontally-parallel is intervally arranged;Y-axis drive block has two, and parallel longitudinal Every arrangement.

Wherein, it is terrace with edge, prism or any shape of pyramid to drive roller tooth and delivery board roller tooth.Preferably truncated rectangular pyramids knot Structure, when this structure make it that the driven roller cingulum of X-axis drive block moves delivery board movement, drive of the delivery board roller tooth to Y-axis drive block Dynamic roller tooth is without influence;It is conversely, as the same.

Wherein, the both ends of supporting plate are correspondingly arranged on link slot, and supporting plate passes through link slot and the branch of other same apparatus Fagging is connected, and forms different transporting patterns, meets the requirement of different material sorting environment, any shape, position are extended to this The delivery platform put.

A kind of driving method of logistics sorting equipment, logistics sorting equipment is above-mentioned logistics sorting equipment, with single roller The distance of tooth is reference axis scale division value, and two-dimensional coordinate system is established with plane where delivery board;

Delivery board initial position co-ordinates are set as (X0, Y0), the delivery board position to be moved to is (X1, Y1), controller Calculate delivery board X-direction and want displacement Δ X, Y direction wants displacement Δ Y, and controls corresponding servomotor to turn Dynamic respective angles, driving delivery board reach displacement;

When delivery board is driven, it can only select one along X-direction or Y direction and move.

Wherein, when the X-axis drive block driving delivery board of logistics sorting equipment moves along the x-axis, its Y-axis drive block is static, and Y The driving roller tooth of axle drive block staggers with the delivery board roller tooth;The Y-axis drive block of logistics sorting equipment drives delivery board along Y-axis When mobile, its X-axis drive block is static, and the driving roller tooth of X-axis drive block staggers with the delivery board roller tooth.Avoid the occurrence of latch Situation so that transmission process is steadily carried out.

To sum up, logistics sorting equipment and its driving method provided by the invention, pass through the roller between drive block and delivery board Tooth coordinates transmission, completes the purpose of sorting conveying, has simple in construction, accurate positioning, strong applicability, operation quick and stable etc. excellent Point, different material pipelines can also be combined into, meets different operating environmental requirement.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of logistics sorting equipment provided in an embodiment of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is drive block provided in an embodiment of the present invention in the location map in supporting plate;

Fig. 3 is the drive mechanism schematic diagram of drive block provided in an embodiment of the present invention.

In figure:

1- delivery boards;11- delivery board roller tooths;2- supporting plates;21- link slots;3- drive blocks;31- drives roller tooth;4- is driven Component;41- positioning guide rails;42- screw mandrels;5- servomotors.

Embodiment

Further illustrate technical scheme below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings and by embodiment.

Referring to Fig. 1-2, a kind of logistics sorting equipment, including delivery board 1, supporting plate 2, delivery board 1 are present embodiments provided Bottom be provided with some delivery board roller tooths 11, delivery board roller tooth 11 is truncated rectangular pyramids shape and proper alignment side by side, in supporting plate 2 X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block are provided with, the structure of two drive blocks 3 is identical, connects drive device by transmission component 4, And several driving roller tooths 31 are provided with drive block 3, driving roller tooth 31 is identical with the structure of delivery board roller tooth 11, and adjacent two The spacing of individual roller tooth can at least hold single roller tooth, when driving delivery board 1, the driving roller tooth of X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block 31 select one is meshed with delivery board roller tooth 11, and drives delivery board 1 to be carried out along X-axis or Y-axis in units of the distance of single roller tooth It is mobile.

In the present embodiment, as shown in figure 3, transmission component 4 includes positioning guide rail 41, screw mandrel 42, positioning guide rail 41 is fixed on In supporting plate 2, screw mandrel 42 is set along positioning guide rail 41, and drive device uses two servomotors 5, and two servomotors 5 are set The both ends of positioning guide rail 41 are placed in, are connected respectively by shaft coupling with the both ends of screw mandrel 42, and synchronously rotate in same direction drive screw 42 rotations, drive block 3 are sheathed on screw mandrel 42, screw mandrel 42 are corresponded on drive block 3 and offers internal thread, drive block 3 is led with positioning The smooth contact of rail 41 is set so that the driving of screw mandrel 42 that drive block 3 is rotated can translate along positioning guide rail 41.

X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block have two respectively, and respective parallel interval sets and is distributed in the surrounding of supporting plate 2. Because driving roller tooth 31 is truncated rectangular pyramids shape, delivery board roller tooth 11 is the shape of falling truncated rectangular pyramids, and the driven roller cingulum of X-axis drive block moves When delivery board 1 moves, delivery board roller tooth 11 can be from the driven roller backlash of Y-axis drive block by so as to Y-axis drive block Without influence;It is conversely, as the same.

This external support board 2 is provided at both ends with link slot 21, and supporting plate 2 passes through link slot 21 and the branch of other same apparatus Fagging is connected, and can be extended to any shape, the delivery platform of position, be formed different transporting patterns, meets different material point Pick the requirement of environment.

During the specifically used device, above-mentioned supporting plate can be connected and integrate a large-scale delivery platform, several are defeated Plate is sent quickly to move the purpose for completing logistics sorting on the delivery platform.When driving whole system, with single roller tooth Distance be reference axis scale division value, two-dimensional coordinate system is established with plane where delivery board, can be in place with delivery board central point institute Put the real-time coordinates point as delivery board.When needing to be conveyed, at system interaction interface, input delivery board to be moved to Target location (X1, Y1), position (X0, Y0) and target location when controller terminates to stop according to the last motion of delivery board (X1, Y1), calculate delivery board needs mobile displacement Δ X and Δ Y in the x-direction and the z-direction, according to the single roller tooth of movement The angle to be rotated apart from motor, control the servomotor of X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block to rotate respective amount, make Obtain delivery board and reach target location in a manner of right angle cabling.

It should be noted that X-direction amount of movement can be completed first, Y-direction amount of movement can also be first completed, but both are only An action can be selected, it is not possible to both direction is moved simultaneously, in order to avoid there is latch problem.Because the roller tooth of truncated rectangular pyramids structure, one While the engagement of individual direction, the roller tooth in another direction just staggers, and only guaranteed roller tooth staggers the drive block non-displacement in direction, The drive block for engaging direction could the action of driven delivery board.

The logistics sorting equipment and its driving method that the embodiment passes through, pass through the cooperation between gear unit and delivery board Unique texture, complete sorting conveying purpose, the effect of the quick movement of delivery board and even running can be reached, there is structure Simply, the advantages that accurate positioning, strong applicability, operation quick and stable, different material pipelines can also be combined into, is met not Same operating environment requirements.

Above content is only presently preferred embodiments of the present invention, for one of ordinary skill in the art, according to the present invention's Thought, there will be changes, this specification content should not be construed as to the present invention in specific embodiments and applications Limitation.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of logistics sorting equipment, it is characterised in that including delivery board and supporting plate, if the bottom of the delivery board is provided with A delivery board roller tooth is done, X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block, the X-axis drive block can be movably provided with the supporting plate Drive device is connected by transmission component with Y-axis drive block, and if being provided with the X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block Dry driving roller tooth, the driving roller tooth is identical with the delivery board roller tooth structure, and the spacing of two neighboring roller tooth at least can Single roller tooth is enough held, when driving delivery board, the driving roller tooth of the X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block selects one and the conveying Plate roller tooth is meshed, and drives the delivery board to be moved along X-axis or Y-axis in units of the distance of single roller tooth.
2. logistics sorting equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The transmission component includes positioning guide rail and silk Bar, the positioning guide rail are arranged in the supporting plate, and the screw mandrel is set along the positioning guide rail, and the drive device is led to Crossing the screw mandrel drives the X-axis drive block or Y-axis drive block to be translated along the positioning guide rail.
3. logistics sorting equipment according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The X-axis drive block and Y-axis drive block cover On corresponding screw mandrel, the screw mandrel is corresponded on two drive blocks and offers internal thread, and the X-axis drive block and Y-axis Drive block with corresponding positioning guide rail smooth contact.
4. logistics sorting equipment according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The drive device uses a servo electricity Machine, the servomotor connect one end of the screw mandrel by shaft coupling, and the other end of the screw mandrel is arranged at by bearing block On the positioning guide rail.
5. logistics sorting equipment according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The drive device uses two servo electricity Machine, two servomotors connect the both ends of the screw mandrel by shaft coupling respectively, and two motors are synchronously in the same direction Rotate.
6. logistics sorting equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The X-axis drive block has two, and laterally flat Between-line spacing is arranged;The Y-axis drive block has two, and parallel longitudinal is intervally arranged.
7. logistics sorting equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The driving roller tooth and the delivery board roller tooth For terrace with edge, prism or any shape of pyramid.
8. logistics sorting equipment according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The both ends of the supporting plate are correspondingly arranged on company Access slot, the supporting plate are connected by the link slot with the supporting plate of other same apparatus, form different transporting patterns, full The requirement of sufficient different material sorting environment.
9. a kind of driving method of logistics sorting equipment, the logistics sorting equipment is the thing described in claim any one of 1-8 Flow sorting equipment, it is characterised in that using the distance of single roller tooth as reference axis scale division value, two dimension is established with plane where delivery board Coordinate system;
Delivery board initial position co-ordinates are set as (X0, Y0), the delivery board position to be moved to is (X1, Y1), and controller calculates Delivery board X-direction wants displacement Δ X, and Y direction wants displacement Δ Y, and controls corresponding servomotor to rotate phase Angle is answered, driving delivery board reaches displacement;
During the delivery board driving, it can only select one along X-direction or Y direction and move.
10. the driving method of logistics sorting equipment according to claim 9, it is characterised in that:The logistics sorting equipment X-axis drive block driving delivery board when moving along the x-axis, its Y-axis drive block is static, and the driving roller tooth of Y-axis drive block with it is described The delivery board roller tooth of delivery board staggers;
The Y-axis drive block of the logistics sorting equipment drive delivery board along Y-axis move when, its X-axis drive block is static, and X-axis is driven The driving roller tooth of motion block staggers with the delivery board roller tooth of the delivery board.
CN201710626181.2A 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 A kind of logistics sorting equipment and its driving method CN107472821B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710626181.2A CN107472821B (en) 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 A kind of logistics sorting equipment and its driving method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710626181.2A CN107472821B (en) 2017-07-27 2017-07-27 A kind of logistics sorting equipment and its driving method

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CN107472821A true CN107472821A (en) 2017-12-15
CN107472821B CN107472821B (en) 2019-10-22

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1296039A (en) * 1969-01-25 1972-11-15
CN102849423A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-01-02 厦门思尔特机器人系统有限公司 Heavy type free shuttling trolley with tracks
CN104627673A (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-05-20 海宁飞戎工业设计咨询有限公司 Station switching device of plate workpiece
CN104709685A (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-06-17 上海理工大学 NC automation right-angle track
CN106970629A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-07-21 北京京东尚科信息技术有限公司 The control method and device of automatic guided vehicle

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB1296039A (en) * 1969-01-25 1972-11-15
CN102849423A (en) * 2012-09-29 2013-01-02 厦门思尔特机器人系统有限公司 Heavy type free shuttling trolley with tracks
CN104627673A (en) * 2015-01-16 2015-05-20 海宁飞戎工业设计咨询有限公司 Station switching device of plate workpiece
CN104709685A (en) * 2015-01-19 2015-06-17 上海理工大学 NC automation right-angle track
CN106970629A (en) * 2017-05-22 2017-07-21 北京京东尚科信息技术有限公司 The control method and device of automatic guided vehicle

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