CN107461217B - Utilize the device and method of hydrogen sulfide in waterfall type ventilating door purification mine air - Google Patents

Utilize the device and method of hydrogen sulfide in waterfall type ventilating door purification mine air Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107461217B
CN107461217B CN201710767315.2A CN201710767315A CN107461217B CN 107461217 B CN107461217 B CN 107461217B CN 201710767315 A CN201710767315 A CN 201710767315A CN 107461217 B CN107461217 B CN 107461217B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
spray
spray unit
air door
unit
hydrogen sulfide
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CN201710767315.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN107461217A (en
Inventor
陆伟
李金亮
程卫民
陈连军
王刚
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山东科技大学
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Priority to CN201710767315.2A priority Critical patent/CN107461217B/en
Publication of CN107461217A publication Critical patent/CN107461217A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F5/00Means or methods for preventing, binding, depositing, or removing dust; Preventing explosions or fires
    • E21F5/02Means or methods for preventing, binding, depositing, or removing dust; Preventing explosions or fires by wetting or spraying
    • E21F5/04Spraying barriers
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21FSAFETY DEVICES, TRANSPORT, FILLING-UP, RESCUE, VENTILATION, OR DRAINING IN OR OF MINES OR TUNNELS
    • E21F1/00Ventilation of mines or tunnels; Distribution of ventilating currents
    • E21F1/10Air doors

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of device and methods using hydrogen sulfide in waterfall type ventilating door purification mine air, belong to Safety of Coal Mine Production technical field.It includes air door, spray unit, feed unit and packing layer, air door is mounted in coal mine down-hole tunnel, air door is divided into front and back two layers, inner hollow, preceding air door and rear air door shape are lattice-shaped, spray unit includes the first spray unit and the second spray unit, first spray unit is used to remove the dust in mine air, second spray unit is used to remove the hydrogen sulfide in mine air, first spray unit, second spray unit includes spray tube and atomizer, spray tube is S-shaped from inside the preceding air door or rear air door to be arranged into multilayered structure, described filler layer is filled between the adjacent spray tube of the second spray unit, for increasing gas liquid interfacial area.Apparatus of the present invention have the function of purifying the distinguished and admirable middle hydrogen sulfide gas of coal mine, can improve mine working environment, eliminate safe hidden trouble.

Description

Utilize the device and method of hydrogen sulfide in waterfall type ventilating door purification mine air

Technical field

The present invention relates to Safety of Coal Mine Production technical fields, and in particular to a kind of device for purifying hydrogen sulfide in mine air And method.

Background technique

With the progress of coal mining process, containing the vulcanization in the hydrogen sulfide gas invested in coal seam, especially high-sulfur coal layer Hydrogen can then be gushed out,, can be to this to coalman since hydrogen sulfide is one of coal mine toxic and harmful gas in distinguished and admirable The personal safety and health for making personnel produce great harm, or even cause personnel death, and China's coal-mine is every year because of hydrogen sulfide The case being poisoned to death happens occasionally.Nearly four during the last ten years China occur high-content hydrogen sulfide successively (relative to safe concentration) Mine, to safety in production threaten it is very big.

In order to solve above-mentioned the technical problems existing in the prior art, there are researchers to hydrogen sulfide Prevention Technique in coal mine It is studied, as patent CN102357333A discloses, " a kind of quick removal high sulfur coal mine underground hydrogen sulfide gas is set It is standby ", equipment includes hydrogen sulfide sensor, four part of inductive switch, warning device and atomizing sprayer, with the equipment to the sulphur of underground Change hydrogen to be purged, CN1022786049A discloses " a kind of for handling the medicament of hydrogen sulfide and side in Technique of Coal Mine Drainage Method ", CN101440713A disclose " administering coal mine hydrogen sulfide technology using high-voltage pulse liquid injection ".

However, above-mentioned patent is administered mainly for the enrichment extremely of hydrogen sulfide gas in coal seam, without considering mine The improvement of distinguished and admirable middle pernicious gas hydrogen sulfide.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of the present invention is to provide it is a kind of using waterfall type ventilating door purification mine air in hydrogen sulfide device and Method has the function of purifying hydrogen sulfide gas in coal mine, improves mine work in the case where not influencing mine normal production Make environment, eliminates safe hidden trouble.

One of task of the invention is to provide a kind of dress using hydrogen sulfide in waterfall type ventilating door purification mine air It sets.

The device of hydrogen sulfide in a kind of purification mine air comprising air door, spray unit, feed unit and packing layer, The air door is mounted in coal mine down-hole tunnel, and the air door is divided into front and back two layers, inner hollow, preceding air door and rear air door shape It is lattice-shaped, the forward and backward air door offers walking passageway;

The spray unit includes the first spray unit and the second spray unit, and first spray unit is for removing mine Dust during well is distinguished and admirable, second spray unit are used to remove the hydrogen sulfide in mine air;

First spray unit, the second spray unit include spray tube and atomizer, and the spray tube is described It is S-shaped in preceding air door or rear air door to be arranged into multilayered structure, it is filled out described in filling between the adjacent spray tube of the second spray unit The bed of material, described filler layer is for increasing gas liquid interfacial area;

The spray tube of first spray unit is connected with water supplying unit;

The feed unit is located at air door side in tunnel comprising medicine-chest, liquidometer, explosive box and circulating pump, it is described Liquidometer is located in the medicine-chest, and the explosive box is for providing catalyst liquid, the catalyst liquid into the medicine-chest For converting sulphur for hydrogen sulfide gas, the medicine-chest is connect by pipeline with the spray tube of second spray unit, and to Catalyst liquid is provided in the spray tube of second spray unit, the circulating pump is located at the medicine-chest and second spray Between the spray tube of unit.

As a preferred solution of the present invention, medical fluid accumulator tank is additionally provided at air door bottom in tunnel, is used for back The catalyst liquid is received, the medical fluid accumulator tank is connected in the medicine-chest by pipeline.

As another preferred embodiment of the invention, described filler layer is rectangle reticular structure, and internal filling is spherical Pull ring.

Another task of the invention is to provide a kind of method for purifying hydrogen sulfide in mine air.

A kind of method of hydrogen sulfide in purification mine air, used device includes air door, spray unit, for material list Member and packing layer, the air door are divided into front and back two layers, and inner hollow, preceding air door and rear air door shape are lattice-shaped, before described, Air door offers walking passageway afterwards;

The spray unit includes the first spray unit and the second spray unit, first spray unit, the second spray Unit includes spray tube and atomizer, and the spray tube is S-shaped in the preceding air door or rear air door to be arranged into multilayer knot Structure fills described filler layer between adjacent spray tube;

The feed unit is located at air door side in tunnel comprising medicine-chest, liquidometer, explosive box and circulating pump, it is described Liquidometer is located in the medicine-chest, and the medicine-chest is connect by pipeline with the spray tube of second spray unit,

The circulating pump is between the medicine-chest and the spray tube of second spray unit;

The method successively the following steps are included:

Firstly, the spray tube of the first spray unit and water supplying unit are connected, the spray tube and medicine-chest of the second spray unit It connects, water is injected into the spray tube of the first spray unit by the water supplying unit, by medicine-chest to the second spray unit Injecting catalyst liquid in spray tube;

Secondly, opening the atomizer of the first spray unit and the second spray unit, the first spray unit removes method of Mine Ventilation Dust in stream, the second spray unit remove the hydrogen sulfide in mine air, and packing layer can increase gas liquid interfacial area;

Finally, when the catalyst liquid in medicine-chest lower than setting level value when, liquidometer incude and pass through explosive box to Catalyst liquid is wherein filled into, the catalyst liquid for having neither part nor lot in reaction flows into the medical fluid accumulator tank recycling of air door bottom.

Preferably, above-mentioned catalyst liquid is made of iron chloride and metal chelating agent, and it can be used repeatedly for catalyst.

Advantageous effects brought by the present invention are as follows:

(1) air door of the present invention is lattice-shaped structure, is divided into front and back two layers, inner hollow is additionally provided with logical on the air door Road, the air door can be convenient opening, not influence mine normal production operation.

(2) Multi-layer sprinkling pipe is all set on the first spray unit and the second spray unit, and Multi-layer sprinkling pipe is conducive to liquid It is uniformly dispersed, while reducing loss of liquid.Atomizer increases gas-liquid contact chance, sufficiently connects conducive to catalyst liquid with distinguished and admirable Touching enhances treatment effect.

(3) packing layer is rectangle reticular structure, and centre is filled primarily with spherical pull ring, and spherical pull ring is hollow porous knot Structure can increase gas liquid interfacial area, enhance treatment effect.

(4) liquid catalyst is made of iron chloride and metal chelating agent, and catalyst can at normal temperature convert hydrogen sulfide For sulphur, catalyst can dioxygen oxidation through the air by activation of catalyst, to realize that catalyst is recycled.

The first spray unit is arranged in the front of air door in the present invention, the second spray unit is arranged at the rear of air door, the Under the synergistic effect of one spray unit and the second spray unit, the hydrogen sulfide gas in mine air can be removed, and reduce Dust in mine air substantially improves the production environment of mine.

Detailed description of the invention

The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing:

Fig. 1 is the agent structure schematic diagram of ventilating door of the present invention;

Fig. 2 is the positive structure schematic of ventilating door of the present invention;

In figure, 1, packing layer, 2, driving channel, 3, walkway, 4, atomizer, 5, spray tube, 6, medical fluid accumulator tank, 7, medicine-chest, 8, explosive box, 9, liquidometer, 10, circulating pump.

Specific embodiment

The invention discloses it is a kind of using waterfall type ventilating door purification mine air in hydrogen sulfide device and method, in order to Keep advantages of the present invention, technical solution clearer, clear, elaborates combined with specific embodiments below to the present invention.

Referring to figs. 1 and 2, a kind of dress using hydrogen sulfide in waterfall type ventilating door purification mine air of the present invention It sets comprising air door, the air door main body are lattice structure, are divided into forward and backward two layers, front layer air door and mine air direction phase Right, major design design is the dust removed in mine air by front layer air door, is removed in mine air by rear layer air door Hydrogen sulfide gas, this in the prior art remove hydrogen sulfide technical concept it is entirely different, as background technique is made referrals to The prior art is usually to administer to the enrichment extremely of hydrogen sulfide gas in coal seam, and this patent is mainly in mine air Hydrogen sulfide gas is administered.

Driving channel 2 and walkway 3 are opened up in the air door main body, to guarantee mine normal production, in front layer air door The first spray unit is installed above main body, the first spray unit mainly sprays water, to remove the dust in mine air, the first spray Drenching the specific structure of unit comprising spray tube 5 and atomizer 4, spray tube 5 are circled back and forth in air door main body, Shape is approximately continuous S type arrangement, can increase gas-liquid contact chance by atomizer 4, come into full contact with conducive to water with distinguished and admirable, increase The effect of strength reason dust.

Spray tube 5 connects water supplying unit (not shown), conveys water thereto by water supplying unit.

Second spray unit, that is, the spray unit being located on rear layer air door, main function are sprinkling catalyst liquid, spray The specific location of shower pipe and atomizer on rear layer air door and above-mentioned first spray unit are essentially identical, unlike, it is located at Spray tube on second spray unit needs jet catalyst liquid, therefore, the spray tube and feed unit of the second spray unit Connection, feed unit are located at air door side in tunnel comprising medicine-chest 7, liquidometer 9, explosive box 8 and circulating pump 10, liquidometer 9 In medicine-chest 7, medicine-chest 7 is connect by pipeline with the spray tube of the second spray unit, and circulating pump is located at medicine-chest 7 and the second spray Between the spray tube of unit.

Packing layer 1 is filled between the adjacent spray tube of above-mentioned second spray unit, preferred filler layer is that rectangle is netted Structure, centre are filled primarily with spherical pull ring, and spherical pull ring is hollow porous structure, increase gas liquid interfacial area, enhancing processing effect Fruit.

Above-mentioned catalyst liquid is made of iron chloride and metal chelating agent, and catalyst liquid can be at normal temperature by hydrogen sulfide Be converted into sulphur, catalyst liquid can dioxygen oxidation through the air by activation of catalyst, to realize that catalyst is repeatedly sharp With.

In order to save raw material, it is preferred that the above-mentioned catalyst liquid for having neither part nor lot in reaction flows into the medical fluid recycling of air door bottom Slot recycles, and specifically such as connects medical fluid accumulator tank 6 and medicine-chest 7, and unreacted catalyst liquid continues to be passed through medicine-chest utilization, When the elemental sulfur in medicine-chest adds up to a certain amount of or catalyst to lose activity, discharged it by sewage draining exit.

The specifically used method of above-mentioned apparatus:

Firstly, the spray tube of the first spray unit and water supplying unit are connected, spray tube and the medicine-chest of the second spray unit are connect It is logical, water is injected into the spray tube of the first spray unit by the water supplying unit, the spray by medicine-chest to the second spray unit Injecting catalyst liquid in shower pipe;

Secondly, opening the atomizer of the first spray unit and the second spray unit, the first spray unit is removed in distinguished and admirable Dust, the second spray unit removes the hydrogen sulfide in distinguished and admirable, and packing layer can increase gas liquid interfacial area;

Finally, when the catalyst liquid in medicine-chest lower than setting level value when, liquidometer incude and pass through explosive box to Catalyst liquid is wherein filled into, the medical fluid accumulator tank recycling benefit in the catalyst liquid inflow air door bottom tunnel of reaction is had neither part nor lot in With.

It should be noted that any equivalent way that those skilled in the art are made under the introduction of this specification, or Obvious variant should all be within the scope of the present invention.

Claims (5)

1. the device of hydrogen sulfide in a kind of purification mine air comprising air door, spray unit, feed unit and packing layer, institute Air door is stated to be mounted in coal mine down-hole tunnel, it is characterised in that:
The air door is divided into front and back two layers, inner hollow, and preceding air door and rear air door shape are lattice-shaped, the forward and backward air door Offer walking passageway;
The spray unit includes the first spray unit and the second spray unit, and first spray unit is for removing method of Mine Ventilation Dust in stream, second spray unit are used to remove the hydrogen sulfide in mine air;
First spray unit, the second spray unit include spray tube and atomizer, the spray of first spray unit Shower pipe is S-shaped in the preceding air door to be arranged into multilayered structure, and the spray tube of second spray unit is in the rear air door It is S-shaped to be arranged into multilayered structure, described filler layer is filled between the adjacent spray tube of the second spray unit, described filler layer is used In increase gas liquid interfacial area;
The spray tube of first spray unit is connected with water supplying unit;
The feed unit is located at air door side in tunnel comprising medicine-chest, liquidometer, explosive box and circulating pump, the liquid level Meter is located in the medicine-chest, and for providing catalyst liquid into the medicine-chest, the catalyst liquid is used for the explosive box Sulphur is converted by hydrogen sulfide gas, and the medicine-chest is connect by pipeline with the spray tube of second spray unit, and to described Catalyst liquid is provided in the spray tube of second spray unit, the circulating pump is located at the medicine-chest and second spray unit Spray tube between.
2. the device of hydrogen sulfide in purification mine air according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in tunnel at air door It is additionally provided with medical fluid accumulator tank, for recycling the catalyst liquid, the medical fluid accumulator tank is connected to the medicine by pipeline In case.
3. the device of hydrogen sulfide in purification mine air according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described filler layer is length Square mesh structure, it is internal to fill spherical pull ring.
4. a kind of method of hydrogen sulfide in purification mine air, it is characterised in that: its used device includes air door, spray list Member, feed unit and packing layer, the air door are divided into front and back two layers, and inner hollow, preceding air door and rear air door shape are grid Shape, the forward and backward air door offer walking passageway;
The spray unit includes the first spray unit and the second spray unit, first spray unit, the second spray unit Include spray tube and atomizer, the spray tube of first spray unit inside the preceding air door it is S-shaped be arranged into it is more Layer structure, the spray tube of second spray unit is S-shaped in the rear air door to be arranged into multilayered structure, in adjacent spray Described filler layer is filled between pipe;
The feed unit is located at air door side in tunnel comprising medicine-chest, liquidometer, explosive box and circulating pump, the liquid level Meter is located in the medicine-chest, and the medicine-chest is connect by pipeline with the spray tube of second spray unit,
The circulating pump is between the medicine-chest and the spray tube of second spray unit;
The method successively the following steps are included:
Firstly, the spray tube of the first spray unit and water supplying unit are connected, the spray tube and medicine-chest of the second spray unit are connected, Water is injected into the spray tube of the first spray unit by the water supplying unit, by medicine-chest to the spray tube of the second spray unit Middle injecting catalyst liquid;
Secondly, opening the atomizer of the first spray unit and the second spray unit, the first spray unit is removed in mine air Dust, the second spray unit removes the hydrogen sulfide in mine air, and packing layer can increase gas liquid interfacial area;
Finally, liquidometer incudes and passes through explosive box thereto when level value of the catalyst liquid in medicine-chest lower than setting Catalyst liquid is filled into, the catalyst liquid for having neither part nor lot in reaction flows into the medical fluid accumulator tank recycling of air door bottom.
5. the method for hydrogen sulfide in purification mine air according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the catalyst liquid It is made of iron chloride and metal chelating agent.
CN201710767315.2A 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 Utilize the device and method of hydrogen sulfide in waterfall type ventilating door purification mine air CN107461217B (en)

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CN201710767315.2A CN107461217B (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 Utilize the device and method of hydrogen sulfide in waterfall type ventilating door purification mine air

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CN201710767315.2A CN107461217B (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 Utilize the device and method of hydrogen sulfide in waterfall type ventilating door purification mine air

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CN107461217B true CN107461217B (en) 2019-02-05

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004204539A (en) * 2002-12-25 2004-07-22 Gifu Kogyo Co Ltd Soundproof and dustproof method in tunnel work and facility truck
CN201244427Y (en) * 2008-08-29 2009-05-27 黑龙江省科学院科技孵化中心 Automatic device for removing hydrogen sulphide in marsh gas by biological method
CN203155017U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-08-28 周鼎力 A gas purification device
CN203856495U (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-10-01 华亭煤业集团有限责任公司 Lane spray dust prevention device
CN106223991A (en) * 2016-09-14 2016-12-14 煤科集团沈阳研究院有限公司 Mine air ejectment and water curtain absorb hydrogen sulphide disposal unit and method

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP2004204539A (en) * 2002-12-25 2004-07-22 Gifu Kogyo Co Ltd Soundproof and dustproof method in tunnel work and facility truck
CN201244427Y (en) * 2008-08-29 2009-05-27 黑龙江省科学院科技孵化中心 Automatic device for removing hydrogen sulphide in marsh gas by biological method
CN203155017U (en) * 2012-10-31 2013-08-28 周鼎力 A gas purification device
CN203856495U (en) * 2013-12-06 2014-10-01 华亭煤业集团有限责任公司 Lane spray dust prevention device
CN106223991A (en) * 2016-09-14 2016-12-14 煤科集团沈阳研究院有限公司 Mine air ejectment and water curtain absorb hydrogen sulphide disposal unit and method

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