The content of the invention
It is a primary object of the present invention to provide it is a kind of effectively prevent material bridging, and under feeding spiro rod filling is uneven
Expect device and solid ingredient machine.
To achieve these goals, according to an aspect of the invention, there is provided a kind of blanking device, including：Flavouring box,
Flavouring box has accommodating chamber；Stirring wheel, stirring wheel are arranged in accommodating chamber, and the periphery of stirring wheel is provided with multiple teeth；Feeding
Screw rod, feeding spiro rod are arranged in accommodating chamber and engaged with teeth to drive stirring wheel to rotate；Flexible member, flexible member are fixed
It is arranged on the inwall of accommodating chamber, when feeding spiro rod driving stirring wheel rotates, the flexible member interval scheduled time is to stirring wheel
Apply the screen resilience mutually deviated from the rotation direction of stirring wheel so that stirring wheel turns round predetermined angular.
Further, flexible member has the suspending part being suspended in accommodating chamber, when feeding spiro rod driving stirring wheel rotates
When, suspending part is contacted with one in multiple teeth to apply the resilience mutually deviated from the rotation direction of stirring wheel to stirring wheel
Further, flexible member is shell fragment.
Further, the pitch of feeding spiro rod is more than the tooth pitch of teeth.
Further, the stirring bar for being stirred to the material in accommodating chamber is provided with stirring wheel.
Further, feeding spiro rod is vertical with stirring bar.
Further, feed opening is provided with the side wall of flavouring box, blanking device also includes gate sheet, and gate sheet is arranged on
Feed opening, which is sentenced, opens or closes feed opening.
Further, dust block board is provided with above gate sheet.
Further, blanking device also includes：Sliding block, sliding block are connected with gate sheet, and neck is provided with sliding block；Rotating disk,
Rotating disk is installed in rotation on flavouring box, and sliding equipment is provided with rotating disk, sliding during rotating disk is rotated in a first direction
Motivation structure drives gate sheet by neck）After outlet is opened or closed, rotating disk is rotated further, rotating disk does not interfere with skate machine
The action of structure, sliding equipment are maintained at opening position when opening or closing outlet, until rotating disk edge is opposite with first direction
Second direction rotates.
Further, blanking device also includes straight line slide bar, and straight line slide bar is fixed on flavouring box and along the height of flavouring box
Spend direction extension；Sliding block can slide along the length direction of straight line slide bar.
Further, blanking device also includes linkage, and sliding block is connected by linkage with gate sheet, linkage
Including first connecting rod and second connecting rod, first connecting rod is supported on flavouring box simultaneously by being arranged on the supporting part in the middle part of first connecting rod
It can be rotated around flavouring box, the first end of second connecting rod and the first end of first connecting rod are hinged, the second end of second connecting rod and gate
Plate is fixedly connected, and sliding block is hinged on the first end of first connecting rod.
Further, blanking device also includes rotate gear and rotating shaft, and rotating shaft is arranged in the exterior side wall of flavouring box, is turned
Moving gear and rotating disk, which are fixed, to be set in rotating shaft；The first end of feeding spiro rod is extended at feed opening, the second end of feeding spiro rod
Docked with rotating shaft.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a kind of solid ingredient machine, including blanking device, blanking device are above-mentioned
Apply the technical scheme of the present invention, during blanking device works, feeding spiro rod, which rotates, promotes teeth motion,
And then drive stirring wheel to be rotated in accommodating chamber, during stirring wheel rotates, the flexible member interval scheduled time is to stirring
Wheel applies the screen resilience mutually deviated from the rotation direction of stirring wheel so that stirring wheel turns round predetermined angular in accommodating chamber.It can be seen that
Stirring wheel motion mode in the present invention is, while being rotated by feeding spiro rod, while the effect in flexible member is returned
Play predetermined angular and realize vibration, go round and begin again.Pass through the effect of feeding spiro rod and flexible member so that stirring wheel shakes when rotating
It is dynamic, effectively prevent the arch camber in accommodating chamber of solid or powder from putting up a bridge, solve the problems, such as that feeding spiro rod packing density is uneven.
It should be noted that in the case where not conflicting, the feature in embodiment and embodiment in the application can phase
Mutually combination.Describe the present invention in detail below with reference to the accompanying drawings and in conjunction with the embodiments.
Referring to shown in Fig. 1 to Figure 11, according to an embodiment of the invention, there is provided a kind of blanking device, in the present embodiment
Blanking device includes flavouring box 10, stirring wheel 20, feeding spiro rod 30 and flexible member 40.
Wherein, flavouring box 10 has accommodating chamber 11；Stirring wheel 20 is arranged in accommodating chamber 11, and the periphery of stirring wheel 20 is set
There are multiple teeth 21；Feeding spiro rod 30 is arranged in accommodating chamber 11 and engaged with the teeth 21 of stirring wheel 20 to drive stirring wheel 20
Rotate；Flexible member 40 is fixedly installed on the inwall of accommodating chamber 11, when feeding spiro rod 30 drives stirring wheel 20 to rotate, elasticity
Element 40 is spaced the screen resilience mutually deviated to the rotation direction of the application of stirring wheel 20 and stirring wheel 20 scheduled time, makes stirring wheel 20
Turn round predetermined angular.
According to above-mentioned structure it is recognised that during blanking device works, feeding spiro rod 30, which rotates, promotes teeth
21 motions, and then drive stirring wheel 20 to be rotated in accommodating chamber 11, during stirring wheel 20 rotates, flexible member 40 is spaced
The scheduled time applies the screen resilience mutually deviated from the rotation direction of stirring wheel 20 to stirring wheel 20 so that stirring wheel 20 is in accommodating chamber
Revolution predetermined angular in 11.It can be seen that the motion mode of stirring wheel 20 in the present embodiment is, while under the driving of feeding spiro rod 30
Rotate, while the effect resilience predetermined angular in flexible member 40 realizes vibration, go round and begin again.Pass through feeding spiro rod 30 and elasticity
The effect of element 40 so that stirring wheel 20 vibrates when rotating, and effectively prevents the arch camber in accommodating chamber 11 of solid or powder from putting up a bridge,
Solve the problems, such as that the packing density of feeding spiro rod 30 is uneven.
With reference to shown in Fig. 1 to Fig. 3, the flexible member 40 in the present embodiment, which has, is suspended on suspending part 41 in accommodating chamber 11,
When feeding spiro rod 30 drives stirring wheel 20 to rotate, suspending part 41 is contacted with one in multiple teeth 21 to be applied to stirring wheel 20
Add the screen resilience that the rotation direction with stirring wheel 20 mutually deviates from.When feeding spiro rod 30 drives the rotation of stirring wheel 20, the energy of suspending part 41
It is enough just to depart from feeding spiro rod 30 in a certain teeth 21 of stirring wheel 20, and teeth 21 not yet engage with feeding spiro rod 30 below
When, a screen resilience is produced to stirring wheel 20 so that stirring wheel 20 turns round, and is sent until next teeth 21 of stirring wheel 20 are stuck in again
Expect on screw rod 30, vibration is formed with this, then feeding spiro rod 30 can promote stirring wheel 20 to rotate again, go round and begin again so that stirring
Take turns 20 to vibrate when rotating, effectively prevent the arch camber in accommodating chamber 11 of solid or powder from putting up a bridge, it is close to solve the filler of feeding spiro rod 30
Spend the problem of uneven.
The scheduled time in the present embodiment refers to the interval time that feeding spiro rod 30 engages with two neighboring teeth 21.
Preferably, the flexible member 40 in the present embodiment is shell fragment.
The pitch of feeding spiro rod 30 in the present embodiment is more than the tooth pitch of teeth 21, is easy to the teeth 21 of stirring wheel 20 in bullet
Property element 40 apply screen resilience in the presence of vibrated back and forth in the range of the pitch of feeding spiro rod 30.Certainly, in this hair
In bright other embodiment, it is also possible that the pitch of feeding spiro rod 30 is less than the pitch of teeth 21.
The stirring bar 22 for being stirred to the material in accommodating chamber 11 is provided with stirring wheel 20, passes through the stirring bar
22 effect, it is easy to be sufficiently stirred the material in accommodating chamber 11.
Stirring bar 22 in the present embodiment is a plurality of, and a plurality of stirring bar 22 is stirred along the axially extending of stirring wheel 20 and protruding from
The two sides of wheel 20 are mixed, are easy to be sufficiently stirred the material in accommodating chamber 11.Certainly, in the other embodiment of the present invention
In, the axis that stirring bar 22 can also favour stirring wheel 20 is set, as long as other deformation sides under the design of the present invention
Formula, within protection scope of the present invention.
Preferably, the feeding spiro rod 30 in the present embodiment is vertical with stirring bar 22 so that the stirring of stirring wheel 20 is more filled
Point, and it is smaller to enable to the thickness of stirring wheel 20 to set, and reduces rotary resistance, reduces power consumption.
With reference to shown in Fig. 4 to Figure 11, feed opening 12, blanking device are provided with the side wall of the flavouring box 10 in the present embodiment
Also include gate sheet 90, gate sheet 90, which is arranged on feed opening 12, to be sentenced and open or close feed opening 12, is easy to when suitable
Machine opens feed opening 12 and carries out blanking.
Blanking device also includes straight line slide bar 60, sliding block 70 and rotating disk 100.
Wherein, straight line slide bar 60 is fixed on flavouring box 10 and extended along the short transverse of flavouring box 10；Sliding block 70 passes through
Linkage 80 is connected with gate sheet 90, and sliding block 70 can slide along the length direction of straight line slide bar 60, be provided with sliding block 70
Neck 72；Rotating disk 100 is installed in rotation on flavouring box 10, and sliding equipment 150 is provided with rotating disk 100, when the edge of rotating disk 100
In first direction rotation process, after sliding equipment 150 drives gate sheet 90 to export 12 openings or close by neck 72, after
Continuous to rotate rotating disk 100, rotating disk 100 does not interfere with the action of sliding equipment 150, and sliding equipment 150, which is maintained at, opens or closes institute
Opening position when outlet 12 is stated, until rotating disk 100 rotates along the second direction opposite with first direction, sliding equipment 150 is again
Drive gate sheet 90 to export 12 by neck 72 to close or open.
Certainly, in other embodiments of the invention, straight line slide bar 60 can also be not provided with, and directly in predetermined structure,
Such as rectilinear orbit being set on flavouring box 10 so that sliding block 70 slides along rectilinear orbit, as long as in the design of the present invention
Under other modes of texturing, within protection scope of the present invention.
Linkage 80 includes first connecting rod 81 and second connecting rod 82, and first connecting rod 81 is by being arranged in first connecting rod 81
The supporting part 160 in portion is supported on flavouring box 10 and can rotated around supporting part 160, the first end and first connecting rod of second connecting rod 82
81 first end is hinged, and the second end of second connecting rod 82 is fixedly connected with gate sheet 90, and sliding block 70 is hinged on first connecting rod 81
When needing to open or closing feed opening 12, rotating disk 100 is rotated in a first direction（Rotate in an anti-clockwise direction）, band
Sliding equipment 150 on turn disk 100 is connected with neck 72, and now, sliding block 70 moves downward along straight line slide bar 60, driving
First connecting rod 81 is rotated around supporting part 160, and the second end of first connecting rod 81 is raised upwards, and second connecting rod 82 moves upwards, is driven
Gate sheet 90 is moved upwards, and then feed opening 12 is opened, and now, is rotated further rotating disk 100, rotating disk 100 does not interfere with slip
The action of mechanism 150, until rotating disk 100 rotates along the second direction opposite with first direction（Rotationally clockwise）, drive
Sliding equipment 150 on rotating disk 100 is connected with neck 72, and now, sliding block 70 moves upwards along straight line slide bar 60, driving the
One connecting rod 81 rotates around supporting part 160, and the second end of first connecting rod 81 moves downward, and drives second connecting rod 82 to move downward, enters
And drive gate sheet 90 to move downward, feed opening 12 is closed.
The top of gate sheet 90 in the present embodiment is provided with dust block board 50, and second connecting rod 82 is by being located in dust block board 50
On third connecting rod 83 be fixedly connected with gate sheet 90, be easy to drive gate sheet 90 move up and down.During actual design,
Second connecting rod 82 in the present embodiment can be set respectively with third connecting rod 83 to be fixed as one, and can also be integrally formed setting.
Blanking device also includes rotate gear 120 and rotating shaft 110, and rotating shaft 110 is arranged in the exterior side wall of flavouring box 10,
Rotate gear 120 and rotating disk 100, which are fixed, to be set in rotating shaft 110；The first end of feeding spiro rod 30 is extended at feed opening 12, is sent
Docked with rotating shaft 110 at second end of material screw rod 30.
Because the rotate gear 120 in the present embodiment and rotating disk 100 are that fixation is set in rotating shaft 110, during operation,
Drive rotate gear 120 to rotate can by motor etc. to rotate rotating disk 100, make rotating disk 100 drive sliding equipment 150 and neck
72 are connected, driving sliding block 70 moved along straight line slide bar 60 feed opening 12 is opened with to drive gate sheet 90 to move up and down or
Close.At the same time, the feeding spiro rod 30 in the present embodiment docks with rotating shaft 110, can while rotating rotate gear 120
Drive feeding spiro rod 30 and stirring wheel 20 to rotate simultaneously, be easy to that the feeding in accommodating chamber 11 is pushed at feed opening 12 or pushed away
Accommodating chamber 11 is returned, it is simple and quick.
Connecting plate 71 is provided with the present embodiment on sliding block 70, neck 72 is arranged on the outward flange of connecting plate 71；Blanking fills
Be additionally provided with slide plate 140 in putting, slide plate 140 and connecting plate 71 respectively positioned at the first card side of rotating disk 100 and with the first card
The second relative card side of side, wherein, the thickness of connecting plate 71 tapers into along the direction away from neck 72；The thickness of slide plate 140
Spend gradually thickening from the side that sliding block 70 is laterally away from close to the one of sliding block 70.
The axially extending through hole 101 along rotating disk 100 is provided with rotating disk 100 in the present embodiment, sliding equipment 150 wraps
The traveller 154 being located in through hole 101 is included, the length of traveller 154 is more than the thickness of rotating disk 100.
The initial position of sliding block 70 is shown in Figure 7, when rotating disk 100 rotates counterclockwise（As shown in Figure 6）, drive rotating disk 100
Interior traveller 154（Quantity is not limited to one or two）Rotate together.Traveller 154 is slipped into the neck 72 of sliding block 70 so that sliding
Block 70 moves downward.Because sliding block 70 is arranged on straight line slide bar 60, so sliding block 70 can only move downward linearly, slide into such as figure
Shown in 6 during position, traveller 154 is skidded off in neck 72, now the stop motion of sliding block 70.Under this position, if rotating disk 100 turns clockwise
When dynamic, also traveller 154 can be caused to slip into inside neck 72, force sliding block 70 to move upwards, until traveller 154 departs from.This programme
Realize the rotation of rotating disk 100 and the transport power transmission of the linear motion of sliding block 70 with leading to by the neck 72 that slides into and out of traveller 154
It is disconnected.The linear motion that sliding block 70 slides, is directly delivered to second connecting rod 82 by first connecting rod 81, and supporting part 160 is the first company
The fulcrum of bar 81.First connecting rod 81 is connected with second connecting rod 82.Second connecting rod 82 is connected with gate sheet 90.Realize rotating disk
100 drive gate sheets are run about 90.When traveller 154 is one, rotating disk 100 at most only turns around, you can completes gate sheet 90
Enabling or shutdown action.When traveller 154 is two, rotating disk 100 most 0.5 encloses the enabling or shutdown that can complete gate sheet 90
Action.Traveller more than 154, response are faster.Preferably, the sliding equipment 150 in the present embodiment is 1 to 6,1 to 6 skate machine
Same circumferentially-spaced arrangement of the structure along rotating disk 100.So the response of gate sheet 90 in the present embodiment can be quickly.
,, now can the company of slipping into when continuing to rotate counterclockwise after traveller 154 skids off Fig. 6 positions with reference to shown in Fig. 8 to Figure 11
Fishplate bar 71 is located at the part on neck 72, and in the presence of connecting plate 71, traveller 154 can slide toward the direction of slide plate 140.Such as figure
Shown in 9.
Now rotating disk 100 is rotated further, and traveller 154 starts to contact with slide plate 140, then is climbed.Traveller 154 work
Slided with lower rotate while going the left side.When traveller 154 slides into the highest point of slide plate 140, traveller 154 can be projected into completely
The left side of rotating disk 100（As shown in Figure 8）.Go round and begin again, traveller 154 just in the connecting plate 71 of sliding block 70 with sliding back and forth on slide plate 140
It is dynamic.Sliding block 70 will not be caused to move.Now can continuously it be rotated by rotating disk 100 of cleavage, rotating disk 100 is connected with feeding spiro rod 30,
The feeding behavior of feeding spiro rod 30 can be achieved.
Similar, if as shown in fig. 6, rotating disk 100 rotates clockwise, traveller 154 is slipped into the neck 72 of sliding block 70, is promoted
Sliding block 70 moves along a straight line upwards, after traveller 154 skids off the neck 72 of sliding block 70（Such as Fig. 7）, continue to rotate clockwise.Now traveller
154 can be in connecting plate 71 positioned at the part of the bottom of neck 72（As shown in Figure 5）Upper slip.Traveller 154 is i.e. in sliding block 70 with sliding
Back and forth while rotating, while sliding on plate 140.
It is shown in Figure 12, in another embodiment of the invention, axle along rotating disk 100 can also be set in rotating disk 100
To the blind hole 102 of extension, now, sliding equipment 150 includes locking post 151 and elastic component 152, the both ends difference of elastic component 152
It is connected to the bottom of blind hole 102 and the bottom of locking post 151.Locking post 151 is rotated in the rotating disk 100 with neck 72 and run into every time
When being slided on the connecting plate 71 of sliding block 70, it can be pressurized and first shrink back, that is, engage post 151 by can be slided during landslide toward Figure 12 the right
It is dynamic.It can be ejected and due to the effect of elastic component 152 again after landslide is skidded off.Go round and begin again.Elastic component 152 is not limited to spring,
Also can be rubber, shell fragment, the elastic recovery element such as torsion spring.
Preferably, the elastic component 152 in the present embodiment is shell fragment or spring or torsion spring.
In order to prevent engage post 151 from blind hole 102 it is backing out, be provided with the present embodiment on the inwall of blind hole 102
Circular inner ledge 103, the periphery of locking post 151 are provided with the outward flange 153 being adapted with circular inner ledge 103, worked in coordination
Inward flange structure can be arranged as required to as loopful, semi-ring, projection etc..
According to above-mentioned structure it is recognised that when rotating disk 100 drives to feeding spiro rod 30, feeding spiro rod 30 starts to rotate,
Stirring wheel 20 is promoted to rotate clockwise.Teeth 21 on stirring wheel 20 stir flexible member 40 again, and flexible member 40 deforms downwards,
When certain teeth 21 of stirring wheel 20 and flexible member 40 slip off, flexible member 40 restores, and produces vibration.Arrived if now patting
On stirring wheel 20, vibration can be also produced.Producing this beating action needs 20 specific speed of stirring wheel and flexible member 40 specific
Length.The pitch of feeding spiro rod 30 is bigger than the tooth pitch of the teeth 21 of stirring wheel 20（But it is not limited to greatly, can also be small）, feeding spiro rod
30 by a certain teeth 21 of stirring wheel 20 when being pushed to disengagement, and latter one teeth 2 are not yet engaged, and now, flexible member 40 is in
Deformation state, produce a upward power so that stirring wheel 20 counterclockwise turns round certain angle, until certain of stirring wheel 20
Tooth is stuck on feeding spiro rod 30 again, now can produce vibration again.Stirring wheel 20 is promoted to turn clockwise by feeding spiro rod 30 again.Again
Disengage, then turn round, then engage, go round and begin again.Stirring wheel 20 vibrates in rotation.This scheme and structure effectively prevent solid or
The arch bridge of powder, the problems such as packing density of feeding spiro rod 30 is uneven.Reach the purpose of Vibratory Mixing.
As shown in figure 3, gate sheet 90 moves up and down when realizing switch gate, the material sent out by feeding spiro rod 30 can produce a lot
Dust.But because the top of gate sheet 90 is cylindrical shape（But cylinder is not limited to, also can be U-shaped, ellipse etc.）, coordinate gear ash
Plate 50（It is interior to fill the dust guards such as sealing ring or felt）It can prevent dust from revealing, be also prevented from inside external dust access mechanism, shadow
Ring the motion of mechanism.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a kind of solid ingredient machine, including blanking device, the blanking device are upper
The blanking device stated.
As can be seen from the above description, the above embodiments of the present invention realize following technique effect：
Slided present invention utilizes the rotational slide of sliding equipment with horizontal, it is dynamic to realize that enabling is closed the door by the rotating of single electrode
Make, feeding spiro rod feeding action, stirring action, vibration action.Part is few, and reliable transmission is high.Efficiently solve solid powder
The problems such as powder arch camber in feed field is not fallen down, and pushing precision is not high, and feeding spiro rod filler is uneven, and mechanism is dust-proof difficult.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root
According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singulative
It is also intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in this manual using term "comprising" and/or " bag
Include " when, it indicates existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or combinations thereof.
It should be noted that term " first " in the description and claims of this application and above-mentioned accompanying drawing, "
Two " etc. be for distinguishing similar object, without for describing specific order or precedence.It should be appreciated that so use
Data can exchange in the appropriate case, so that presently filed embodiment described herein for example can be with except herein
Order beyond those of diagram or description is implemented.In addition, term " comprising " and " having " and their any deformation, it is intended that
Be to cover it is non-exclusive include, for example, containing the process of series of steps or unit, method, system, product or equipment not
Be necessarily limited to those steps or the unit clearly listed, but may include not list clearly or for these processes, side
The intrinsic other steps of method, product or equipment or unit.
For the ease of description, space relative terms can be used herein, as " ... on ", " ... top ",
" ... upper surface ", " above " etc., for describing such as a device shown in the figure or feature and other devices or spy
The spatial relation of sign.It should be appreciated that space relative terms are intended to comprising the orientation except device described in figure
Outside different azimuth in use or operation.For example, if the device in accompanying drawing is squeezed, it is described as " in other devices
It will be positioned as " under other devices or construction after the device of part or construction top " or " on other devices or construction "
Side " or " under other devices or construction ".Thus, exemplary term " ... top " can include " ... top " and
" in ... lower section " two kinds of orientation.The device can also the positioning of other different modes（It is rotated by 90 ° or in other orientation）, and
And respective explanations are made to the relative description in space used herein above.
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are these are only, are not intended to limit the invention, for those skilled in the art
For member, the present invention can have various modifications and variations.Any modification within the spirit and principles of the invention, being made,
Equivalent substitution, improvement etc., should be included in the scope of the protection.