CN107449298A - A kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger - Google Patents

A kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107449298A
CN107449298A CN201710654807.0A CN201710654807A CN107449298A CN 107449298 A CN107449298 A CN 107449298A CN 201710654807 A CN201710654807 A CN 201710654807A CN 107449298 A CN107449298 A CN 107449298A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
shell
tube
cylinder
heat exchanger
adapter
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201710654807.0A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
彭萍
杨小梅
包春燕
李红领
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wujiang Link Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Wujiang Link Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wujiang Link Machinery Equipment Co Ltd filed Critical Wujiang Link Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
Priority to CN201710654807.0A priority Critical patent/CN107449298A/en
Publication of CN107449298A publication Critical patent/CN107449298A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28DHEAT-EXCHANGE APPARATUS, NOT PROVIDED FOR IN ANOTHER SUBCLASS, IN WHICH THE HEAT-EXCHANGE MEDIA DO NOT COME INTO DIRECT CONTACT
    • F28D7/00Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall
    • F28D7/08Heat-exchange apparatus having stationary tubular conduit assemblies for both heat-exchange media, the media being in contact with different sides of a conduit wall the conduits being otherwise bent, e.g. in a serpentine or zig-zag
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F28HEAT EXCHANGE IN GENERAL
    • F28FDETAILS OF HEAT-EXCHANGE AND HEAT-TRANSFER APPARATUS, OF GENERAL APPLICATION
    • F28F9/00Casings; Header boxes; Auxiliary supports for elements; Auxiliary members within casings
    • F28F9/22Arrangements for directing heat-exchange media into successive compartments, e.g. arrangements of guide plates

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger, including bobbin carriage and cylinder, the surface of bobbin carriage is respectively arranged with tube side adapter and shell side adapter, the side of tube side adapter is provided with tube sheet, the bottom of shell side adapter is provided with checking motion, cylinder is internally provided with wave node heat exchange tube, the surface of cylinder is provided with exhaust outlet, the side of exhaust outlet is provided with pad, the side of cylinder is provided with end socket, the bottom of cylinder is provided with bearing, the bottom of wave node heat exchange tube is provided with pull bar, the bottom of pull bar is provided with deflection plate, the side of bearing is provided with drainage port, bobbin carriage is internally provided with dividing plate, screen pack is provided with the top of checking motion, checking motion is internally provided with current limiting plate.Which solves existing shell-and-tube heat exchanger when taking over injection cooling medium from shell side, when largely flowing through cooler because of cooling water, heat exchanger surface can be made to form the very poor mistake cooling layer of one layer of thermal conductivity for a long time, the problem of causing heat transfer effect poor.

Description

A kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of heat exchanger, and in particular to a kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger.
Background technology
Shell-and-tube heat exchanger is also known as tubular heat exchanger.It is to be enclosed in the wall restrained in housing as between heat-transfer area Wall type heat exchanger.This heat exchanger structure is simpler, and operation is reliable, can use various structural materials(Mainly metal material)System Make, can be used under high temperature, high pressure, be type most widely used at present.Shell-and-tube heat exchanger by housing, heating surface bank, tube sheet, Deflection plate(Baffle plate)Formed with parts such as bobbin carriages.Housing is mostly cylindrical shape, and inside is fixed on tube sheet equipped with tube bank, tube bank both ends On.The cold and hot two kinds of fluids to be exchanged heat, one kind is in Bottomhole pressure, referred to as tube side fluid;Another kind flows outside pipe, referred to as shell Cheng Liuti.To improve the individual heat transfer coefficient of extratubal fluid, some baffle plates are generally installed in housing.Baffle plate can improve shell-side fluid Speed, fluid is forced, repeatedly laterally across tube bank, to strengthen fluid turbulent degree by regulation distance.Heat exchanger tube on tube sheet can by etc. Side triangle or square arrangement.Triangular arranged is compacter, and extratubal fluid less turbulence is high, and individual heat transfer coefficient is big;Just Square arrangement then manage it is outer easy to clean, suitable for the fluid of easy fouling.Fluid is often once referred to as a tube side by restraining;Often lead to Cross housing and be once referred to as a shell side.It is illustrated as simplest monoshell journey single tube pass heat exchanger, referred to as 1-1 type heat exchangers.For Tube fluid speed is improved, dividing plate can be set in the bobbin carriage of both ends, whole pipes are divided into some groups.So fluid is each only By partial tube, thus come and gone repeatedly in tube bank, this is referred to as multitube distance.Equally, outer flow velocity is managed to improve, also can be in housing Interior installation longitudinal baffle, force fluid multipass shell space, referred to as muitishell.Multitube distance can fit applications with muitishell. But existing shell-and-tube heat exchanger when largely flowing through cooler because of cooling water, can make when taking over injection cooling medium from shell side Heat exchanger surface forms the very poor mistake cooling layer of one layer of thermal conductivity for a long time, the problem of causing heat transfer effect poor.
The content of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is that the existing shell-and-tube heat exchanger overcome is taking over injection cooling medium from shell side When, when largely flowing through cooler because of cooling water, heat exchanger surface can be made to form the very poor mistake cooling layer of one layer of thermal conductivity for a long time, caused A kind of the problem of heat transfer effect is poor, there is provided shell-and-tube heat exchanger.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem, the invention provides following technical scheme:
The invention provides a kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger, including bobbin carriage and cylinder, the surface of the bobbin carriage is respectively arranged with tube side Adapter and shell side adapter, the side of the tube side adapter are provided with tube sheet, and the bottom of the shell side adapter is provided with checking motion, The cylinder is internally provided with wave node heat exchange tube, and the surface of the cylinder is provided with exhaust outlet, and the side of the exhaust outlet is set Pad is equipped with, the side of the cylinder is provided with end socket, and the bottom of the cylinder is provided with bearing, the bottom of the wave node heat exchange tube Portion is provided with pull bar, and the bottom of the pull bar is provided with deflection plate, and the side of the bearing is provided with drainage port, the bobbin carriage Dividing plate is internally provided with, screen pack is provided with the top of the checking motion, the checking motion is internally provided with current limiting plate.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the bobbin carriage, the cylinder and the end socket use stainless steel Material is made.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the tube sheet is connected by flange with the channel flange.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the end socket is fixedly connected by bolt with the cylinder.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the checking motion communicates with shell side adapter.
As a preferred technical solution of the present invention, the inclined direction of current limiting plate is consistent with the direction of current.
The beneficial effect that is reached of the present invention is:The device is a kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger, sets checking motion, passed through Filter screen and current limiting plate carry out slowing down flow velocity to coolant, avoid the occurrence of the phenomenon of cooling layer, there is provided a kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger. The present invention is reasonable in design, simple in construction, safe and reliable, easy to use, easy to maintain, has good value for applications.
Brief description of the drawings
Accompanying drawing is used for providing a further understanding of the present invention, and a part for constitution instruction, the reality with the present invention Apply example to be used to explain the present invention together, be not construed as limiting the invention.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the checking motion structural representation of the present invention;
In figure:1st, bobbin carriage;2nd, tube side is taken over;3rd, flange;4th, tube sheet;5th, shell side is taken over;6th, checking motion;7th, cylinder;8th, node Heat exchanger tube;9th, exhaust outlet;10th, pad;11st, end socket;12nd, bolt;13rd, bearing;14th, pull bar;15th, deflection plate;16th, drainage port; 17th, dividing plate;18th, screen pack;19th, current limiting plate.
Embodiment
The preferred embodiments of the present invention are illustrated below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it will be appreciated that described herein preferred real Apply example to be merely to illustrate and explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1-2, the present invention provides a kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger, including includes bobbin carriage 1 and cylinder 7, the surface difference of bobbin carriage 1 It is provided with tube side adapter 2 and shell side adapter 5, the side of tube side adapter 2 is provided with tube sheet 4, and the bottom of shell side adapter 5 is provided with anti- Flushing device 6, cylinder 7 are internally provided with wave node heat exchange tube 8, and the surface of cylinder 7 is provided with exhaust outlet 9, and the side of exhaust outlet 9 is set Pad 10 is equipped with, the side of cylinder 7 is provided with end socket 11, and the bottom of cylinder 7 is provided with bearing 13, the bottom of wave node heat exchange tube 8 Be provided with pull bar 14, the bottom of pull bar 14 is provided with deflection plate 15, and the side of bearing 13 is provided with drainage port 16, bobbin carriage 1 it is interior Portion is provided with dividing plate 17, and the top of checking motion 6 is provided with screen pack 18, and checking motion 6 is internally provided with current limiting plate 19.
Bobbin carriage 1, cylinder 7 and end socket 11 are made of stainless steel.Be advantageous to bobbin carriage 1, cylinder 7 and the material of end socket 11 It is hard, it is durable in use.
Tube sheet 4 is connected by flange 3 with the flange of bobbin carriage 1.Be advantageous to the convenient disassembly of tube sheet 4, intensity height, good seal performance.
End socket 11 is fixedly connected by bolt 12 with cylinder 7.Be advantageous to end socket 11 and the stable connection of cylinder 7.
Checking motion 6 communicates with shell side adapter 5.Be advantageous to checking motion 6 and the stable connection of shell side adapter 5.
19 inclined direction of current limiting plate is consistent with the direction of current.Being advantageous to current limiting plate 19 has certain buffering effect to current Fruit.
The device is a kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger, and tube sheet 4 is connected by flange 3 with the flange of bobbin carriage 1;End socket 11 passes through bolt 12 are fixedly connected with cylinder 7;Checking motion 6 communicates with shell side adapter 5;19 inclined direction of current limiting plate and the direction one of current Cause;When needing with the device, the thermal medium of shell and tube cooler is by the tube side adapter 2 on bobbin carriage 1, is sequentially led to through each baffling Road, circuitously flow to adapter outlet, and cooling medium then using two-tube-pass flow, i.e., cooling medium by shell side adapter 5 through dividing water Lid enters half wave node heat exchange tube 8, then flows into another wave node heat exchange tube 8 from water return cover and divide water cover and outlet pipe into opposite side, Cold medium absorbs the waste heat that thermal medium is released and discharged by delivery port during two-tube-pass stream, working media is kept specified Operating temperature, when coolant is injected from shell side adapter 5, the first flow velocity slowed down by screen pack 18, in the flow velocity by current limiting plate 19 Further reduced, avoid occurring the phenomenon of cooling layer.
The beneficial effect that is reached of the present invention is:The device is a kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger, sets checking motion, passed through Filter screen and current limiting plate carry out slowing down flow velocity to coolant, avoid the occurrence of the phenomenon of cooling layer, there is provided a kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger. The present invention is reasonable in design, simple in construction, safe and reliable, easy to use, easy to maintain, has good value for applications.
Finally it should be noted that:The preferred embodiments of the present invention are the foregoing is only, are not intended to limit the invention, Although the present invention is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for those skilled in the art, it still may be used To be modified to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or equivalent substitution is carried out to which part technical characteristic. Within the spirit and principles of the invention, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc., it should be included in the present invention's Within protection domain.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger, including bobbin carriage(1)And cylinder(7), it is characterised in that the bobbin carriage(1)Surface difference It is provided with tube side adapter(2)Taken over shell side(5), the tube side adapter(2)Side be provided with tube sheet(4), the shell side connects Pipe(5)Bottom be provided with checking motion(6), the cylinder(7)Be internally provided with wave node heat exchange tube(8), the cylinder(7) Surface be provided with exhaust outlet(9), the exhaust outlet(9)Side be provided with pad(10), the cylinder(7)Side set There is end socket(11), the cylinder(7)Bottom be provided with bearing(13), the wave node heat exchange tube(8)Bottom be provided with pull bar (14), the pull bar(14)Bottom be provided with deflection plate(15), the bearing(13)Side be provided with drainage port(16), institute State bobbin carriage(1)Be internally provided with dividing plate(17), the checking motion(6)Top be provided with screen pack(18), the erosion control Device(6)Be internally provided with current limiting plate(19).
A kind of 2. shell-and-tube heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the bobbin carriage(1), the cylinder(7) With the end socket(11)It is made of stainless steel.
A kind of 3. shell-and-tube heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the tube sheet(4)Pass through flange(3)With The bobbin carriage(1)Flange connects.
A kind of 4. shell-and-tube heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the end socket(11)Pass through bolt(12) With the cylinder(7)It is fixedly connected.
A kind of 5. shell-and-tube heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the checking motion(6)With the shell Journey is taken over(5)Communicate.
A kind of 6. shell-and-tube heat exchanger according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the current limiting plate(19)Inclined direction It is consistent with the direction of current.
CN201710654807.0A 2017-08-03 2017-08-03 A kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger Pending CN107449298A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710654807.0A CN107449298A (en) 2017-08-03 2017-08-03 A kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201710654807.0A CN107449298A (en) 2017-08-03 2017-08-03 A kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN107449298A true CN107449298A (en) 2017-12-08

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201710654807.0A Pending CN107449298A (en) 2017-08-03 2017-08-03 A kind of shell-and-tube heat exchanger

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112033187A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-12-04 上海一冷特艺压力容器有限公司 High-efficiency heat exchanger
CN112050668A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-08 肖美占 Self-adaptive efficient heat exchanger
CN112050667A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-08 肖美占 Heat exchange method of self-adaptive efficient heat exchanger

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60263093A (en) * 1984-05-24 1985-12-26 Arumatsuruyonson Ab Tube for heat exchanger and manufacture thereof
CN2287287Y (en) * 1996-12-06 1998-08-05 刘峰伟 Vibration absorbing high efficient heat exchanger
CN203249520U (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-10-23 嵊州市金雪制冷设备有限公司 Tube arrayed type cooler
CN204987941U (en) * 2015-07-19 2016-01-20 柴马根 Heat exchanger
CN205352142U (en) * 2015-10-12 2016-06-29 无锡市惠山合力传热设备厂 Novel ripple tubular heat exchanger equipment
CN205403546U (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-07-27 天津爱尔普科技发展有限公司 Anticorrosive pressure -resisting pipe shell type heat exchanger

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JPS60263093A (en) * 1984-05-24 1985-12-26 Arumatsuruyonson Ab Tube for heat exchanger and manufacture thereof
CN2287287Y (en) * 1996-12-06 1998-08-05 刘峰伟 Vibration absorbing high efficient heat exchanger
CN203249520U (en) * 2013-04-07 2013-10-23 嵊州市金雪制冷设备有限公司 Tube arrayed type cooler
CN204987941U (en) * 2015-07-19 2016-01-20 柴马根 Heat exchanger
CN205352142U (en) * 2015-10-12 2016-06-29 无锡市惠山合力传热设备厂 Novel ripple tubular heat exchanger equipment
CN205403546U (en) * 2016-03-02 2016-07-27 天津爱尔普科技发展有限公司 Anticorrosive pressure -resisting pipe shell type heat exchanger

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112033187A (en) * 2020-08-21 2020-12-04 上海一冷特艺压力容器有限公司 High-efficiency heat exchanger
CN112033187B (en) * 2020-08-21 2022-02-11 上海一冷特艺压力容器有限公司 High-efficiency heat exchanger
CN112050668A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-08 肖美占 Self-adaptive efficient heat exchanger
CN112050667A (en) * 2020-09-16 2020-12-08 肖美占 Heat exchange method of self-adaptive efficient heat exchanger

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Application publication date: 20171208

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