CN107447334A - A kind of production technology of infant clothing fabric - Google Patents

A kind of production technology of infant clothing fabric Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107447334A
CN107447334A CN201710673256.2A CN201710673256A CN107447334A CN 107447334 A CN107447334 A CN 107447334A CN 201710673256 A CN201710673256 A CN 201710673256A CN 107447334 A CN107447334 A CN 107447334A
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China
Prior art keywords
fabric
yarn
raw white
yarns
cotton
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Inventor
隋全侠
瞿建新
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Nantong Textile Vocational Technology College
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Nantong Textile Vocational Technology College
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Priority to CN201710673256.2A priority Critical patent/CN107447334A/en
Publication of CN107447334A publication Critical patent/CN107447334A/en
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    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D15/00Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used
    • D03D15/50Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the properties of the yarns or threads
    • D03D15/54Woven fabrics characterised by the material, structure or properties of the fibres, filaments, yarns, threads or other warp or weft elements used characterised by the properties of the yarns or threads coloured
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D11/00Garments for children
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D31/00Materials specially adapted for outerwear
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D11/00Double or multi-ply fabrics not otherwise provided for
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D03WEAVING
    • D03DWOVEN FABRICS; METHODS OF WEAVING; LOOMS
    • D03D13/00Woven fabrics characterised by the special disposition of the warp or weft threads, e.g. with curved weft threads, with discontinuous warp threads, with diagonal warp or weft
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M15/00Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment
    • D06M15/01Treating fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics, or fibrous goods made from such materials, with macromolecular compounds; Such treatment combined with mechanical treatment with natural macromolecular compounds or derivatives thereof
    • D06M15/03Polysaccharides or derivatives thereof
    • D06M15/11Starch or derivatives thereof
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A41WEARING APPAREL
    • A41DOUTERWEAR; PROTECTIVE GARMENTS; ACCESSORIES
    • A41D2500/00Materials for garments
    • A41D2500/20Woven
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2101/00Chemical constitution of the fibres, threads, yarns, fabrics or fibrous goods made from such materials, to be treated
    • D06M2101/02Natural fibres, other than mineral fibres
    • D06M2101/04Vegetal fibres
    • D06M2101/06Vegetal fibres cellulosic
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D06TREATMENT OF TEXTILES OR THE LIKE; LAUNDERING; FLEXIBLE MATERIALS NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • D06MTREATMENT, NOT PROVIDED FOR ELSEWHERE IN CLASS D06, OF FIBRES, THREADS, YARNS, FABRICS, FEATHERS OR FIBROUS GOODS MADE FROM SUCH MATERIALS
    • D06M2200/00Functionality of the treatment composition and/or properties imparted to the textile material
    • D06M2200/40Reduced friction resistance, lubricant properties; Sizing compositions
    • DTEXTILES; PAPER
    • D10INDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10BINDEXING SCHEME ASSOCIATED WITH SUBLASSES OF SECTION D, RELATING TO TEXTILES
    • D10B2201/00Cellulose-based fibres, e.g. vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/01Natural vegetable fibres
    • D10B2201/02Cotton

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of production technology of infant clothing fabric, comprise the following steps:The selection of raw material;Winder;Warping;Sizing;Pass;Weaving.Fabric construction in the present invention is three layers of gauze class, and gauze kind fabric is soft, fluffy, will not injure the tender and lovely skin of infant;Fabric tissue is three layers of stitch weave, abundant, good warmth retention effect;It is used as from the colour-spun yarns and white cotton yarn of brown coloured silk cotton and white cotton 70/30 through weft yarn, raw material is used as using color cotton, it is not necessary to dye, it is harmless to infant's body without any chemical analysis, it is pure natural environment-friendlyfabric fabric;In addition, in treble cloths, upper strata is the gradual change bar that different arrangement forms are carried out by color spinning yarn and white cotton yarn, and middle level is pure white, and lower floor is the color of color spinning yarn.

Description

A kind of production technology of infant clothing fabric
Technical field
The invention belongs to fabric weaving field, and in particular to a kind of production technology of infant clothing fabric.
Background technology
As the improvement of people's living standards, the requirement for garment material also steps up, especially in infant article Aspect.The skin of children is tenderer, and immunity is than relatively low, so parent not exclusively focuses on fabric when fabric is selected Feel, warmth retention property, more lie in the quality of fabric.
Color three layers of gauze of cotton gradual change bar, the raw material that fabric uses is color cotton and white cotton, and color cotton is to utilize modern biotechnology Technology, some genes are implanted on cotton plants, cotton fiber is produced certain color, color cotton need not be dyed, in growth course In, not to fertilize, solarization agricultural chemicals is not sprayed, without any harmful chemical analysis, reduce harmful substance and infant's skin contact Chance, be a kind of green textile;Treble cloths is abundant, there is preferable warmth retention property;Gauze kind fabric fabric is fluffy soft It is soft, the skin of infant will not be injured, has good absorbing sweat performance, gas permeability, comfortableness are good, are suitable for use as infant clothing Fabric, at present the product mainly sell to Japan.
The content of the invention
Goal of the invention:In order to solve the deficiencies in the prior art, the invention provides a kind of production of infant clothing fabric Technique.
Technical scheme:A kind of production technology of infant clothing fabric, comprises the following steps:The selection of raw material;Winder;It is whole Through;Sizing;Pass;Weaving;Specific operation is as follows:
The selection of described raw material:
This fabric carries out blending using white cotton 70% and the color cotton 30% of palm fibre, from the more plain weave of interleaving degress as fabric Basic organization, the top layer warp thread of fabric is by 40sRaw white yarn and 40SBrown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns are formed, and are formed in fabric face vertical To gradual change striped, the nexine warp thread all 40 of fabricSBrown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns;The intermediate layer warp thread of fabric is from level of distributing cotton Not slightly lower 40sRaw white yarn, weft yarn select 16S/ 2 raw white doublet cords;
Described winder:
From soup formula TS008 type high speed cone winders, the winder speed of brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns is set as 700m/min, 40S The winder speed of raw white yarn is set as 840m/min, and the quality of tension ring is 11g;
Described sizing:
From ASGA365E-S type warp sizing machines, for the warp sizing machine sizing speed in 40-70m/min, this fabric warp is fiber Cellulose fiber, and it is used for infant clothing fabric, therefore chemical sizwe should not be used, formula of size is as follows:Converted starch 70%, AS-02 slurries 30%;
Using High Temperature Sizing, slurry groove temperature is 95 DEG C, light after weight before squeezing roller pressure by the way of double-clip-double-nip, preceding Squeezing roller pressure is 18kN, and post jacking roller pressure is 12kN, and the rate of sizing is controlled between 9%-10%;
The regain of color cotton is identical with white cotton, and the regain of sizing is controlled 7 ± 0.5%;Warp sizing machine speed is 50-55m/ Min, during starching doffing, raw white B yarns are placed on upper strata, and brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns are placed on middle level, and raw white C yarns are placed on lower floor, each layer it Between separated with leased line, when the work that prevents from gaiting is entried, take wrong yarn;
Described weaving:
From the GA718 type air-jet looms system of knitting, loom rotating speed is 520r/min, configures electronic dobby shedding mechanism, specifically Technological parameter it is as follows:
A. lease rod:Due to top layer 40SRaw white yarn and middle level 40SThe rank difference of distributing cotton of raw white yarn, after preventing broken end, Spinner's wrong loose thread, separated between brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns, raw white B yarns, raw white C yarns with lease rod;
B. opening time:From split shed, opening time is set in 310 °;
C. back beam height:From medium back beam height, back rest scale is -1 scale;
D. shed length:Warp stop frame is moved into rearmost position, rear portion shed open is extended;
E. Filling Insertion Time:Weft yarn beginning flying angle is 92 °, and weft yarn angle of arrival is controlled at 225 °;
F. auxiliary pressure spray process:Auxiliary spray gauge uses close setting, and the auxiliary maximum spacing control of spray is in 6cm, last auxiliary spray compartment of group Away from control in 4cm, 8 groups of pilot jets are shared, every group 4;
G. the setting of whiff pressure:In 0.27MPa, auxiliary nozzle exit pressure controls in 0.32MPa main burner Stress control, actual In production process, mechanician can be finely adjusted according to weft yarn angle of arrival to whiff pressure;
H. warp tension:Because color cotton/raw white colour-spun yarns single thread force is low, bar is dry poor, in production process with equal radical, The white cotton yarn of same line density is compared, and 80% or so of white cotton yarn, this fabric warp tension is 1800N for warp tension control.
As optimization:The warping:From GA124H type beam warpers, speed of beaming 700m/min, due to warping Speed is higher, no longer carries out the setting of additional tension;
When warping matches somebody with somebody axle, because brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns have 4822, radical is more, is made into 7 axles, is 688 with axle The axle of root ×+689,1 axle × 6;2218, raw white B yarns, it is used in the warp thread of textile surface, and rank of distributing cotton is higher, individually whole Through being made into 4 axles, being the axle of 554 × 2+555, axles × 2 with axle;Intermediate layer warp thread is 1760, raw white C yarns, rank of distributing cotton compared with It is low, 48 warpings together with raw white C yarns of side yarn, it is the axle of 602 × 1+603, axle × 2 with axle;
Tension force during warping suffered by yarn is appropriate, and yarn path is bright and clean, can not there is foreign matter in passage, to reduce yarn The generation of filoplume.
As optimization:It is described to pass:Because the total quantity of warps of fabric is more, gaits and take 2 with the heald frames of page 13, wherein side yarn Page, body page 11;Body gait circulation be (3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) × 6;(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11, 13)×2;(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) × 7;(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,13);(3,4,5,6,7,8,9, 10,11,12) × 6;(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,13);(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) × 6;Top line:In Layer warp thread:Lower layer warp yarns=2:1:2, because the total body density of fabric is larger, so Selvage Stitch 3 enters/D, ground tissue 5 enters/D.
As optimization:The fabric specification design is as follows:Total quantity of warps 8848,63 inches of fabric breadth, fabric is through close 140 pieces/inch, upper machine is through close 134 pieces/inch, 96 pieces/inch of fabric filling density, upper 95 pieces/inch of machine filling density, and porter made in Great Britain is 54, Selvage Stitch 3 enters/D, and ground tissue 5 enters/D, and flower several 58 teeth of dent, denting reed width is 66 inches, and side yarn is 24 × 2=48 roots.
As optimization:The trimmed size of the fabric is (C40S+CM40S)×(C40S+C16S/ 2) 150 × 10059, CM40SBrown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns are represented, it is 6.5% to arrange width shrinkage, and it is 4% to arrange long shrinkage, and captain's shrinkage is under fabric 1.2%, weft shrinkage is 4.1%, and warp thread weave shrinkage is 4.4%.The warp count of treble cloths is 60 pieces/inch of top layer, 30 pieces/inch of intermediate layer, 60 pieces/inch of nexine, therefore fabric through it is close be 150 pieces/inch.Weft count is the 40/English in top layer It is very little, 20 pieces/inch of intermediate layer, 40 pieces/inch of nexine, therefore pick count is 100 pieces/inch.
As optimization:The fabric color yarn arrangement and organization design are as follows:The warp thread all 40 of fabricSWarp thread, due to Top layer 40SRaw white yarn and intermediate layer 40SDistributing cotton for raw white yarn is different, it is necessary to separately shown, top layer 40SRaw white warp thread, with B yarns Represent, intermediate layer 40SRaw white warp thread, represented with C yarns, A represents brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns;The arranged order of color of fabric is: (1A1B1A1B1C) × 14, (4A1C) × 14, (1A1B1A1B1C) × 14,4A1C, 3A1B1C, 1A1B1A1B1C, 1A1B2A1C, 4A1C, (1A1B1A1B1C) × 2,4A1C, 3A1B1C, 1A1B1A1B1C, 1A1B2A1C, 4A1C, (1A1B1A1B1C) × 2, 4A1C, 3A1B1C;
One flower radical is 290, and wherein A yarns are brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns 159,73, raw white B yarns, raw white C yarns 58 Root, full width spend number as 30 flowers plus first 100;In 100 plus gauze kerchief worn on a woman's head, A yarns are brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns 52, raw white B yarns 28 Root, 20, raw white C yarns;Therefore, each dyed yarn warp thread radical of full width is 4822, A yarns, 2218, raw white B yarns, raw white C yarns 1760 Root, 48 warpings together with raw white C yarns of side yarn;This fabric is three layers of stitch weave, top layer warp thread:Middle level warp thread:Nexine warp thread =2:1:2, weft yarn color yarn arrangement is 40S4, raw white yarn, 16S/ 2 raw white doublet cords 1,16S/ 2 doublet cords are as intermediate layer latitude Yarn.
Beneficial effect:Fabric construction in the present invention is three layers of gauze class, and gauze kind fabric is soft, fluffy, will not injure The tender and lovely skin of infant;Fabric tissue is three layers of stitch weave, abundant, good warmth retention effect;From brown coloured silk cotton and white cotton 70/ 30 colour-spun yarns and white cotton yarn are used as through weft yarn, and raw material is used as using color cotton, it is not necessary to dye, it is right without any chemical analysis Infant's body is harmless, is pure natural environment-friendlyfabric fabric;In addition, in treble cloths, upper strata is by color spinning yarn and in vain Cotton yarn carries out the gradual change bar of different arrangement forms, and middle level is pure white, and lower floor is the color of color spinning yarn.
Embodiment
The technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention will be clearly and completely described below, so that the technology of this area Personnel can be better understood from advantages and features of the invention, so as to make apparent boundary to protection scope of the present invention It is fixed.Embodiment described in the invention is only part of the embodiment of the present invention, rather than whole embodiments, based on the present invention In embodiment, the every other implementation that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained on the premise of creative work is not made Example, belongs to the scope of protection of the invention.
Embodiment
1. basic demand of the infant clothing to fabric
Basic demand of the infant clothing to fabric has following three points:(1) it is environmentally friendly.Infant bears a pretty, delicate skin, and resistance is poor, Fabric will have protection body, avoid function of the various harmful chemicals compositions to infant's actual bodily harm;(2) moisture absorption airing function will It is good.The infantal sleeping time is grown, and perspires more, easily plays eczema, the ability of sweat absorption of fabric will get well;(3) fabric soft fluffy.Infant Mostly more active, garment material answers soft fluffy, the activity of suitable for baby.
2. the design of fabric
According to the requirement to infant clothing fabric, we have designed and developed color three layers of gauze of cotton gradual change bar, as baby children The garment material of youngster, for making infant's outfit, quilt etc..
The selection of 2.1 raw materials
Because natural color-cotton length is shorter, fine tex yarn in spinning, it is necessary to white cotton blend, this fabric using white cotton 70% with The color cotton 30% of palm fibre carries out blending, and the blending ratio of white cotton/color cotton is very big to the Color influences of fabric, and the yarn color after blending has Point is similar to bright yellow, and bright yellow belongs to warm colour, gives people warmer sensation.Because color cotton yarn hairiness is more, single strong low, bar It is dry poor, easily break end, color cotton fabric all uses relatively simple fabric tissue at present.Color three layers of gauze kind fabric of cotton gradual change bar, Individual layer thread count is smaller, fabric sofetening, from basic organization of the more plain weave of interleaving degress as fabric.If from Its hetero-organization, because interleaving degress is few, slides through the easy left and right of weft yarn or up and down, influence the quality and appearance of fabric.Mesh The color cotton product of preceding in the market mainly has bar, lattice, small jacquard class, and this fabric is by 40sRaw white yarn and 40SBrown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns, The warp thread of top fabric woven is formed, forms longitudinal gradual change striped in fabric face, simple striped makes fabric simplicity generosity not dull. The nexine warp thread all 40 of fabricSBrown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns;The intermediate layer of fabric, effect mainly increase the abundant of fabric Sense, warp thread weft threads can select thicker as needed, and rank of distributing cotton can be lower, during this Fabric Design, in order to reduce cost, Intermediate layer warp thread selects slightly lower 40 of rank of distributing cottonsRaw white yarn, weft yarn select 16S/ 2 raw white doublet cords, yarn is thicker, with enhancing The solid sense of fabric.
2.2 fabric color yarn arrangements and organization design
The warp thread all 40 of fabricSWarp thread, due to top layer 40SRaw white yarn and intermediate layer 40SDistributing cotton for raw white yarn differs Sample is, it is necessary to separately shown.Top layer 40SRaw white warp thread, represented with B yarns, intermediate layer 40SRaw white warp thread, represented with C yarns, A represents palm fibre Coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns.The arranged order of color of fabric is:(1A1B1A1B1C) × 14, (4A1C) × 14, (1A1B1A1B1C) × 14,4A1C, 3A1B1C, 1A1B1A1B1C, 1A1B2A1C, 4A1C, (1A1B1A1B1C) × 2,4A1C, 3A1B1C, 1A1B1A1B1C, 1A1B2A1C, 4A1C, (1A1B1A1B1C) × 2,4A1C, 3A1B1C.
One flower radical is 290, and wherein A yarns are brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns 159,73, raw white B yarns, raw white C yarns 58 Root, full width spend number as 30 flowers plus first 100.In 100 plus gauze kerchief worn on a woman's head, A yarns are brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns 52, raw white B yarns 28 Root, 20, raw white C yarns.Therefore, each dyed yarn warp thread radical of full width is 4822, A yarns, 2218, raw white B yarns, raw white C yarns 1760 Root, 48 warpings together with raw white C yarns of side yarn.This fabric is three layers of stitch weave, top layer warp thread:Middle level warp thread:Nexine warp thread =2:1:2, weft yarn color yarn arrangement is 40S4, raw white yarn, 16S/ 2 raw white doublet cords 1,16S/ 2 doublet cords are as intermediate layer latitude Yarn.
2.3 fabric specifications design
Total quantity of warps 8848,63 inches of fabric breadth, fabric through close 140 pieces/inch, upper machine through close 134 pieces/inch, 96 pieces/inch of fabric filling density, upper 95 pieces/inch of machine filling density, porter made in Great Britain are 54, and Selvage Stitch 3 enters/D, and ground tissue 5 enters/D, a flower Several 58 teeth of dent, denting reed width are 66 inches, and side yarn is 24 × 2=48 roots.
3. production essentials
3.1 winder
From soup formula TS008 type high speed cone winders, dedicated for the high speed cone winder of cheese feeding, it is configured with machine Air splicer, winding speed is in 600-1200m/min.The size of winder speed depends on the line density of yarn, the matter of yarn The type etc. of amount, bobbin-winding machine.The fibre length of the color cotton of palm fibre is shorter in brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns, the bars of colour-spun yarns do it is poor, therefore During winder, relatively low winder speed is selected, so that influence of winding tension fluctuation is small, it is favourable to improving cylinder yarn quality.Therefore, palm fibre it is color/ The winder speed of raw white colour-spun yarns is set as 700m/min, 40SThe winder speed of raw white yarn is set as 840m/min, tension ring Quality is 11g.
3.2 warping
From GA124H type beam warpers, the warping machine is produced by frame new science and technology Manufacturing Co., Ltd of Jiangyin City four, Bobbin cradle capacity 720, suitable for spun yarn, speed of beaming is between 700-1200m/min.When this fabric produces, warping speed Spend for 700m/min, because speed of beaming is higher, the no longer design of progress additional tension.
When warping matches somebody with somebody axle, because brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns have 4822, radical is more, is made into 7 axles, is 688 with axle The axle of root ×+689,1 axle × 6;2218, raw white B yarns, it is used in the warp thread of textile surface, and rank of distributing cotton is higher, individually whole Through being made into 4 axles, being the axle of 554 × 2+555, axles × 2 with axle;Intermediate layer warp thread is 1760, raw white C yarns, rank of distributing cotton compared with It is low, 48 warpings together with raw white C yarns of side yarn, it is the axle of 602 × 1+603, axle × 2 with axle.
Tension force during warping suffered by yarn is appropriate, and yarn path is bright and clean, can not there is foreign matter in passage, to reduce yarn The generation of filoplume.
3.3 sizing
From ASGA365E-S type warp sizing machines, the warp sizing machine sizing speed is in 40-70m/min.This fabric warp is fiber Cellulose fiber, and it is used for infant clothing fabric, therefore chemical sizwe should not be used, formula of size is based on full starch, wherein becoming Property starch 70%, AS-02 slurries 30%.Because fabric is three-decker, individual layer is through close little, but three layers are added together, fabric Through close very big, therefore AS-02 slurries are added in formula of size.AS-02 slurries are also a kind of converted starch, for partly replacing For PVA slurries, the serous coat good toughness of formation, it is few to fall slurry during dividing sinker, is a kind of high performance converted starch.
Single strong low because color cotton fiber is short in color cotton/raw white colour-spun yarns, bar is dry poor, should pay attention to being impregnated with during starching, also want Take into account coated, High Temperature Sizing is favourable to being impregnated with.Using High Temperature Sizing, slurry groove temperature is 95 DEG C.Using double-clip-double-nip during starching Mode, light after weight before squeezing roller pressure, preceding squeezing roller pressure is 18kN, and rear post jacking roller pressure is 12kN, preceding squeezing roller pressure Greatly, slurries can be squeezed into yarn interior, is preferably impregnated with obtaining, the enhancing to color cotton colour-spun yarns is favourable;Post jacking roller Pressure is less than normal, preferably coated to obtain, and filoplume is fitted perfectly, yarn smooth abrasion-proof.Because the thread count of individual layer is smaller, beat Tightening weft resistance is small during latitude, and the friction that yarn is born during weaving is lacked, and the rate of sizing need not be too high, controls between 9%-10%.
The regain of color cotton is identical with white cotton, and the regain of sizing is controlled 7 ± 0.5%.Warp sizing machine speed is 50-55m/ Min, sizing speed should not be too fast, and when sizing speed is fast, yarn leasing is difficult, and warp thread easily breaks end.During starching doffing, raw white B Yarn is placed on upper strata, and brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns are placed on middle level, and raw white C yarns are placed on lower floor, separated between each layer with leased line, prevents When work of only gaiting is entried, wrong yarn is taken.
3.4 pass
Because the total quantity of warps of fabric is more, gaits and take page 2 with the heald frames of page 13, wherein side yarn, body page 11.Cloth is worn Comprehensive circulation is (3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) × 6;(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,13) × 2;(3,4,5,6,7,8, 9,10,11,12) × 7;(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,13);(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) × 6;(3,4,5, 6,7,8,9,10,11,13);(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) × 6.Top line:Middle level warp thread:Lower layer warp yarns=2: 1:2. because the total body density of fabric is larger, so Selvage Stitch 3 enters/D, ground tissue 5 enters/D.
3.5 weaving
From the GA718 type air-jet looms system of knitting, loom rotating speed is 520r/min, configures electronic dobby shedding mechanism, specifically Technological parameter it is as follows.
(1) lease rod.Due to top layer 40SRaw white yarn and middle level 40SThe rank difference of distributing cotton of raw white yarn, after preventing broken end, Spinner's wrong loose thread, separated between brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns, raw white B yarns, raw white C yarns with lease rod.
(2) opening time.From split shed, opening time is set in 310 °.This fabric is treble cloths, woven Thread count is smaller, and weft yarn is easily urgent, and opening time need not select early opening.The impurity of color cotton colour-spun yarns is more, strength Low, opening time later, to reduce friction of the warp thread in heddle eyelet, advantageously reduces warp end break.
(3) back beam height.The configuration of GA718 types air-jet loom is type dobby shedding mechanism, and conventional back rest scale was 0 quarter Degree, and this fabric is treble cloths, top line easily relaxes, therefore selects medium back beam height, and back rest scale is -1 scale, The tension force of top line is added, reduces the tension difference of levels warp thread, can effectively prevent the sinking of top line.Due to Thread count is small, after reducing back beam height, does not interfere with the urgent of weft yarn.
(4) shed length.Warp stop frame is moved into rearmost position, rear portion shed open is extended.Due to color cotton/raw white colour-spun yarns Bar is dry poor, and single thread force is low, easily broken end, extends shed open rear portion length, reduces warp tension during shed open full gate, be advantageous to Reduce the broken end of warp thread.
(5) Filling Insertion Time.Weft yarn beginning flying angle is 92 °, and weft yarn angle of arrival is controlled at 225 °.Fabric is treble cloths, is knitted During layer fabric processed, upper strata, the warp thread in intermediate layer will all lift, and shed open is not easy clearly, and Filling Insertion Time is advisable with evening.Weft yarn Angle of arrival control is at 225 °, and weft yarn reaches early, it is necessary to which larger whiff pressure, easily causes long latitude to stop platform, and weft yarn reaches evening, easily Short latitude is caused to stop platform.
(6) auxiliary pressure spray process.To reduce whiff pressure, auxiliary spray gauge uses close setting, and the auxiliary maximum spacing of spray is controlled in 6cm, The auxiliary spray compartment of last group in 4cm, shares 8 groups of pilot jets away from control, every group 4.After close setting, can have and relatively reduce Long latitude broken end, while reduce looped weft and stop platform, the weaving efficiency of loom has reached more than 90%.
(7) setting of whiff pressure.Main burner Stress control is controlled in 0.32MPa in 0.27MPa, auxiliary nozzle exit pressure.It is real In the production process of border, mechanician can be finely adjusted according to weft yarn angle of arrival to whiff pressure.
(7) warp tension.Because color cotton/raw white colour-spun yarns single thread force is low, bar is dry poor, in production process with equal root The white cotton yarn of several, same line density is compared, and warp tension is controlled 80% or so of white cotton yarn.This fabric warp tension is 1800N。
4. trimmed size
The trimmed size of fabric is (C40S+CM40S)×(C40S+C16S/ 2) 150 × 100 59, CM40SExpression palm fibre coloured silk/this White spinning, it is 6.5% to arrange width shrinkage, and it is 4% to arrange long shrinkage, and captain's shrinkage is 1.2% under fabric, and weft shrinkage is 4.1%, warp thread weave shrinkage is 4.4%.The warp count of treble cloths is 60 pieces/inch of top layer, and 30 pieces/inch of intermediate layer is inner Layer 60 pieces/inch, therefore fabric through it is close be 150 pieces/inch.Weft count is 40 pieces/inch of top layer, 20 pieces/inch of intermediate layer, 40 pieces/inch of nexine, therefore pick count is 100 pieces/inch.
Color cotton product in the present invention needs not move through bleaching and dyeing processing, does not contain any harmful chemical substance, Belong to green textile, as infant taking fabric, looked at by market table, but production difficulty is big, produces color cotton During gradual change bar treble cloths, key technology is as follows:
(1) color cotton yarn color.Color cotton fabric product design difficulty is big, conventional yarn-dyed product yarn color, the tissue of fabric After structure determination, the appearance style of fabric, it can be simulated by CAD software come designer can directly obtain the style of fabric. But color cotton, because impurity ratio is more, of light color, it is necessary to white cotton blend, after collated, the color of yarn can change, It is difficult the color style for grasping yarn during design, it is necessary to just can determine that by repetition test.
(2) color cotton fabric difficulty of processing is big.Color cotton fiber is short, and yarn evenness is poor, easily breaks end during weaving, to improve color cotton The weavability of yarn is, it is necessary to white cotton blend, and white cotton ratio is higher, and the weavability of yarn is better.
(3) similar yarn is easily obscured.Raw white B yarns and raw white C yarns, difference of distributing cotton, during production, with lease rod by two kinds Yarn separates, and prevents spinner's wrong loose thread.
(4) fabric construction is complicated.This fabric belongs to three layers of stitch weave fabric, and global density is larger, but individual layer weft density Spend small, according to this feature, optimize every weaving process parameter so that fabric production is smoothed out, and fabric defect is few, quality It is excellent.
Color three layers of gauze of cotton gradual change bar are former from natural color-cotton and true qualities Bai Mianwei as a infant clothing fabric Material, green, skin-friendly is strong;Fabric construction is complicated, and the performance such as gas permeability, hygroscopicity and flexibility of three layers of gauze is obvious Better than the single layer cloth of condition of equivalent thickness, infant is worn extremely advantageous.Just because of the raw material of the fabric is good, production difficulty is big, There is larger space in terms of improving the value-added content of product.Therefore, the exploitation of this fabric is with producing by the extensive joyous of market Meet, fair margin of profit is brought for manufacturing enterprise.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. production technology of infant clothing fabric, it is characterised in that:Comprise the following steps:The selection of raw material;Winder;It is whole Through;Sizing;Pass;Weaving;Specific operation is as follows:
    The selection of described raw material:
    This fabric carries out blending using white cotton 70% and the color cotton 30% of palm fibre, from base of the more plain weave of interleaving degress as fabric Plinth tissue, the top layer warp thread of fabric is by 40sRaw white yarn and 40SBrown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns are formed, and longitudinal direction is formed gradually in fabric face Become striped, the nexine warp thread all 40 of fabricSBrown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns;The intermediate layer warp thread of fabric, which is selected, distributes cotton rank slightly Low 40sRaw white yarn, weft yarn select 16S/ 2 raw white doublet cords;
    Described winder:
    From soup formula TS008 type high speed cone winders, the winder speed of brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns is set as 700m/min, 40SRaw white The winder speed of yarn is set as 840m/min, and the quality of tension ring is 11g;
    Described sizing:
    From ASGA365E-S type warp sizing machines, for the warp sizing machine sizing speed in 40-70m/min, this fabric warp is cellulose fiber Dimension, and it is used for infant clothing fabric, therefore chemical sizwe should not be used, formula of size is as follows:Converted starch 70%, AS-02 Slurry 30%;
    Using High Temperature Sizing, slurry groove temperature is 95 DEG C, light after weight before squeezing roller pressure by the way of double-clip-double-nip, preceding mud jacking Roller pressure is 18kN, and post jacking roller pressure is 12kN, and the rate of sizing is controlled between 9%-10%;
    The regain of color cotton is identical with white cotton, and the regain of sizing is controlled 7 ± 0.5%;Warp sizing machine speed is 50-55m/min, During starching doffing, raw white B yarns are placed on upper strata, and brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns are placed on middle level, and raw white C yarns are placed on lower floor, will between each layer Separated with leased line, when the work that prevents from gaiting is entried, take wrong yarn;
    Described weaving:
    From the GA718 type air-jet looms system of knitting, loom rotating speed is 520r/min, configures electronic dobby shedding mechanism, specific work Skill parameter is as follows:
    A. lease rod:Due to top layer 40SRaw white yarn and middle level 40SThe rank difference of distributing cotton of raw white yarn, after preventing broken end, keeps off a car Work wrong loose thread, separated between brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns, raw white B yarns, raw white C yarns with lease rod;
    B. opening time:From split shed, opening time is set in 310 °;
    C. back beam height:From medium back beam height, back rest scale is -1 scale;
    D. shed length:Warp stop frame is moved into rearmost position, rear portion shed open is extended;
    E. Filling Insertion Time:Weft yarn beginning flying angle is 92 °, and weft yarn angle of arrival is controlled at 225 °;
    F. auxiliary pressure spray process:Auxiliary spray gauge uses close setting, and the auxiliary maximum spacing of spray is controlled in 6cm, and the auxiliary spray compartment of last group is away from control Make in 4cm, shared 8 groups of pilot jets, every group 4;
    G. the setting of whiff pressure:Main burner Stress control is controlled in 0.32MPa, actual production in 0.27MPa, auxiliary nozzle exit pressure During, mechanician can be finely adjusted according to weft yarn angle of arrival to whiff pressure;
    H. warp tension:Because color cotton/raw white colour-spun yarns single thread force is low, bar is dry poor, in production process with equal radical, equally The white cotton yarn of line density is compared, and 80% or so of white cotton yarn, this fabric warp tension is 1800N for warp tension control.
  2. 2. the production technology of infant clothing fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The warping:From GA124H type beam warpers, speed of beaming 700m/min, because speed of beaming is higher, no longer carry out setting for additional tension Put;
    When warping matches somebody with somebody axle, because brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns have 4822, radical is more, is made into 7 axles, with axle be 688 × The axle of 1+689, axle × 6;2218, raw white B yarns, it is used in the warp thread of textile surface, and rank of distributing cotton is higher, and independent warping is whole It is the axle of 554 × 2+555, axles × 2 with axle into 4 axles;Intermediate layer warp thread is 1760, raw white C yarns, and rank of distributing cotton is relatively low, side yarn 48 warpings together with raw white C yarns, it is the axle of 602 × 1+603, axle × 2 with axle;
    Tension force during warping suffered by yarn is appropriate, and yarn path is bright and clean, can not there is foreign matter in passage, to reduce Yarn filoplume Generation.
  3. 3. the production technology of infant clothing fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is described to pass:Due to knitting The total quantity of warps of thing is more, gaits and takes page 2 with the heald frames of page 13, wherein side yarn, body page 11;Body gait circulation for (3,4, 5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) × 6;(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,13) × 2;(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) ×7;(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,13);(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) × 6;(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10, 11,13);(3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,11,12) × 6;Top line:Middle level warp thread:Lower layer warp yarns=2:1:2, due to fabric Total body density it is larger, so Selvage Stitch 3 enters/D, ground tissue 5 enters/D.
  4. 4. the production technology of infant clothing fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fabric specification design It is as follows:Total quantity of warps 8848,63 inches of fabric breadth, fabric is through close 140 pieces/inch, and upper machine is through close 134 pieces/inch, fabric 96 pieces/inch of filling density, upper 95 pieces/inch of machine filling density, porter made in Great Britain are 54, and Selvage Stitch 3 enters/D, and ground tissue 5 enters/D, a flower dent Several 58 teeth, denting reed width are 66 inches, and side yarn is 24 × 2=48 roots.
  5. 5. the production technology of infant clothing fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The finished product rule of the fabric Lattice are (C40S+CM40S)×(C40S+C16S/ 2) 150 × 100 59, CM40SBrown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns are represented, arrange width shrinkage It is 6.5%, it is 4% to arrange long shrinkage, and captain's shrinkage is 1.2% under fabric, and weft shrinkage is 4.1%, and warp thread weave shrinkage is 4.4%.The warp count of treble cloths is 60 pieces/inch of top layer, 30 pieces/inch of intermediate layer, 60 pieces/inch of nexine, therefore is knitted Thing through it is close be 150 pieces/inch.Weft count is 40 pieces/inch of top layer, 20 pieces/inch of intermediate layer, 40 pieces/inch of nexine, therefore Pick count is 100 pieces/inch.
  6. 6. the production technology of infant clothing fabric according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The fabric color yarn arrangement It is as follows with organization design:The warp thread all 40 of fabricSWarp thread, due to top layer 40SRaw white yarn and intermediate layer 40SRaw white yarn is matched somebody with somebody Cotton is different, it is necessary to separately shown, top layer 40SRaw white warp thread, represented with B yarns, intermediate layer 40SRaw white warp thread, represented with C yarns, A Represent brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns;The arranged order of color of fabric is:(1A1B1A1B1C) × 14, (4A1C) × 14, (1A1B1A1B1C) × 14,4A1C, 3A1B1C, 1A1B1A1B1C, 1A1B2A1C, 4A1C, (1A1B1A1B1C) × 2,4A1C, 3A1B1C, 1A1B1A1B1C, 1A1B2A1C, 4A1C, (1A1B1A1B1C) × 2,4A1C, 3A1B1C;
    One flower radical is 290, and wherein A yarns are brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns 159,73, raw white B yarns, 58, raw white C yarns, entirely Width spends number as 30 flowers plus first 100;In 100 plus gauze kerchief worn on a woman's head, A yarns are brown coloured silk/raw white colour-spun yarns 52,28, raw white B yarns, raw white 20, C yarns;Therefore, each dyed yarn warp thread radical of full width is 4822, A yarns, 2218, raw white B yarns, 1760, raw white C yarns, side yarn 48 Root warping together with raw white C yarns;This fabric is three layers of stitch weave, top layer warp thread:Middle level warp thread:Nexine warp thread=2:1:2, latitude Yarn color yarn arrangement is 40S4, raw white yarn, 16S/ 2 raw white doublet cords 1,16S/ 2 doublet cords are as middle wefts.
CN201710673256.2A 2017-08-09 2017-08-09 A kind of production technology of infant clothing fabric Pending CN107447334A (en)

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CN109898211A (en) * 2019-03-01 2019-06-18 江苏工程职业技术学院 A kind of design method and weaving process of three layers of thermal fabric

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Application publication date: 20171208